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Zhanao Deng and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) can be grown in containers or planted in the landscape as accent and border plants (Evans et al., 1992). They are valued for their long-lasting colorful foliage. Most of the commercially available caladium plants are forced from tubers. Florida growers supply essentially all the caladium tubers used in the United States and some 40 countries in the world for the production of pot plants and direct planting in the landscapes. New cultivar introductions are important not only to the Florida caladium industry but also to the greenhouse, nursery,

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Zhanao Deng and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are often grown in containers or planted in the landscape as accent and border plants (Deng, 2018; Evans et al., 1992). They are valued for their variable-shaped, bright foliage. The majority of commercial caladium plants sold at retail are produced by forcing tubers in containers. Florida field growers produce essentially all the caladium tubers used in the United States and some 40 countries in the world for the production of pot plants and direct planting in the landscapes. Commercial caladium cultivars are often grouped into eight categories based

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Zhanao Deng, Natalia A. Peres, and Johan Desaeger

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are ornamental aroids often used as container or landscape plants (Evans et al., 1992). They are valued for their variably shaped, bright foliage. Most commercial caladium plants are produced by forcing tubers in containers. Florida growers produce essentially all the caladium tubers used in the United States and in the world for pot plant production and tuber sales (Bell et al., 1998; Deng et al., 2008b). Roughly, two-thirds of Florida-produced caladium tubers are used to produce pot plants, and one-third are used for direct planting in the landscape.

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Zhanao Deng, Natalia A. Peres, and Johan Desaeger

Caladium (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) is an ornamental aroid often grown in containers or planted in the landscape as accent and border plants (Deng, 2018; Evans et al., 1992). Caladium plants are valued for their variably shaped bright foliage. The majority of commercial caladium plants are produced by forcing tubers in containers. Florida growers produce essentially all the caladium tubers used in the United States and in the world for production of pot plants and for direct planting in the landscapes (Deng et al., 2018). Commercial caladium cultivars generally

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Zhanao Deng, Brent K. Harbaugh, and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are ornamental aroids grown for their bright, colorful leaves. Their short forcing period, shade tolerance, and low maintenance requirements in the landscape make caladiums popular among pot-plant producers, homeowners, and landscapers (Evans et al., 1992; Harbaugh and Tjia, 1985). The majority of caladiums commercially produced in the world belong to the fancy leaf type, and the most popular color has been white (white center with green veins or white center with white veins). In surveys of Florida caladium growers, who supply more than 95% of the caladium tubers

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Zhanao Deng, Brent K. Harbaugh, and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are ornamental aroids valued for their bright colorful leaves. They are commonly used as container and landscape plants. Pink cultivars have been very popular and the most popular pink cultivars have been Carolyn Whorton, Fannie Munson, and White Queen (Bell et al., 1998; Deng et al., 2008). They ranked No.1, No.3, and No. 4 in acreage (or popularity) according to a 2003 survey of the caladium cultivars commercially grown in Florida, where more than 95% of the caladium tubers used in the world are produced (Bell et

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Zhanao Deng, Brent K. Harbaugh, and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are commonly grown in pots, hanging baskets, and other container types, or planted in the landscape as accent and border plants (Evans et al., 1992). They are valued for a wide array of leaf colors, coloration patterns, and shapes. The majority of commercially available caladium plants are forced from tubers. Florida growers supply the great majority of the caladium tubers used in the United States and in the world. Frequent introduction of new cultivars is important to both the Florida tuber-producing industry and landscape and greenhouse/nursery industries. New

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Zhanao Deng, Brent K. Harbaugh, and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums [Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.] are ornamental aroids widely used as pot and landscape plants for their colorful foliage and ease in growing (Evans et al., 1992; Harbaugh and Tjia, 1985). Tens of millions of caladium tubers are used annually by the worldwide ornamental industries with 70% to 80% forced in containers and 20% to 30% directly planted in the landscape. More than 95% of the tubers used worldwide are produced in central Florida.

Based on leaf shape (fancy or heart-shaped and lance) and predominant leaf color (white, red, pink, and

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Zhanao Deng, Brent K. Harbaugh, and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are valued for their colorful and variably shaped leaves (Harbaugh and Tjia, 1985; Wilfret, 1993). Commercial caladium cultivars generally are grouped into the fancy- or lance-leaved type (Wilfret, 1986). Fancy-leaved caladiums produce large round-ovate to triangular leaves with three main veins, two large basal lobes partially to fully joined, and a petiole attached to the back of the leaf blade. Lance-leaved caladiums produce leaves that are sagittate to cordate-lanceolate and have basal lobes obvious to barely obvious and petioles attached to the base of

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Zhanao Deng, Brent K. Harbaugh, and Natalia A. Peres

Caladiums (Caladium × hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) are tropical ornamental aroids often used as potted plants or for providing color in the landscape. The propagules used in pots or landscapes are tubers, the underground storage organ of these plants. More than 95% of the caladium tubers used worldwide are produced in central Florida (Bell et al., 1998). Large-scale commercial production of caladium tubers in Florida began in the late 1940s. Since then, the field planting acreage has increased to ≈526 ha (Deng et al., 2005). Like in other flower or bedding plant crops, one