Genotypic Variation in the Micropropagation of Sri Lankan Exacum Hybrids

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research, University of British Columbia, 6804 SW Marine Drive, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4 Canada

Protocols for in vitro propagation are reported for interspecific hybrids of Exacum L., derived from Sri Lankan taxa. Four genotypes were used to evaluate the effects of MS (Murashige and Skoog) and WP (Woody Plant) media supplemented with 2-iP, BA, or KIN during establishment and multiplication phases. In addition, rhizogenesis and associated root characteristics were evaluated using MS medium supplemented with NAA or IBA. Overall, either 2-iP or BA was significantly more effective than kinetin in establishment and shoot proliferation with significant genotype × treatment interactions present. Maximum multiplication rates were achieved in the following genotype-hormone combinations: E-6, 2 mg·L-1 BA (4.5 per explant); E-23, E-32, and E-37, 2 mg·L-1 2-iP (3.5, 2.5, and 3.6 per explant, respectively). In vitro rhizogenesis was greatest in liquid MS medium supplemented with 1 mg·L-1 NAA while significantly reduced rooting was observed with IBA supplements. Our results demonstrate that micropropagation of Sri Lankan Exacum hybrids is possible and that adequate multiplication and rooting percentages can be achieved. However, the high level of genetic variation identified requires genotype-specific media modifications. Chemical names used: benzyladenine (BA); 2-isopentenyladenine (2-iP); indole-3-butyric acid (IBA); α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA); kinetin (KIN).

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