Changes in Jasmonates of Mangoes during Development and Storage after Varying Harvest Times

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Graduate School of Applied Biosciences, Hiroshima Prefectural University, Shobara, Hiroshima 727-0023, Japan
  • | 2 Division of Postharvest Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok 10140, Thailand
  • | 3 RIKEN, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan

Jasmonic acid (JA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) were quantified in the skin, pulp, and seeds of `Nam Dok Mai' and `Nang Klangwan' mangoes (Mangifera indica L.). JA showed similar changes during development in both cultivars of fruit. JA concentrations were high in the early growth stages of skin and pulp development, decreased with days after full bloom (DAFB), and then increased again during ripening. JA concentrations in the skin were higher than those in the pulp. 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) concentrations in the skin and pulp of both cultivars increased toward harvest. Differing with JA, ACC concentrations in the pulp were high compared with the skin. This fact suggests that although JA and ACC are associated with the ripening of mangoes, they may play different roles. JA concentrations in the seeds of both cultivars decreased toward harvest, possibly suggesting a lack of dormancy in mango seeds. Changes in jasmonates during storage were also examined. JA content in the skin and pulp increased in stored fruit. In addition, the increase in JA content was largest in fruit that lost the most fresh weight. This suggests that JA accumulation that occurs during fruit senescence is associated with moisture loss.

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