DNA Markers Linked to Fusarium Wilt Race 1 Resistance in Pea

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, 398 Johnson Hall, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6420
  • | 2 Department of Plant Pathology, Mount Vernon Research and Extension Unit, Washington State University, 16650 State Route 536, Mount Vernon, WA 98273-4768
  • | 3 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Grain Legume Genetics and Physiology Research Unit, 303 Johnson Hall, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6434
  • | 4 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Plant Introduction Station, 59 Johnson Hall, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6402

Dry pea (Pisum sativum L.) production in many areas of the world may be severely diminished by soil inhabiting pathogens such as Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. pisi race 1, the causal organism of fusarium wilt race 1. Our objective was to identify closely linked marker(s) to the fusarium wilt race 1 resistance gene (Fw) that could be used for marker assisted selection in applied pea breeding programs. Eighty recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from the cross of Green Arrow (resistant) and PI 179449 (susceptible) were developed through single-seed descent, and screened for disease reaction in race 1 infested field soil and the greenhouse using single-isolate inoculum. The RILs segregated 38 resistant and 42 susceptible fitting the expected 1:1 segregation ratio for a single dominant gene (χ2 = 0.200). Bulk segregant analysis (BSA) was used to screen 64 amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) primer pairs and previously mapped random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) primers to identify candidate markers. Eight AFLP primer pairs and 15 RAPD primers were used to screen the RIL mapping population and generate a linkage map. One AFLP marker, ACG:CAT_222, was within 1.4 cM of the Fw gene. Two other markers, AFLP marker ACC:CTG_159 at 2.6 cM linked to the susceptible allele, and RAPD marker Y15_1050 at 4.6 cM linked to the resistant allele, were also identified. The probability of correctly identifying resistant lines to fusarium wilt race 1, with DNA marker ACG:CAT_222, is 96% percent. These markers will be useful for marker assisted breeding in applied pea breeding programs.

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author (coynec@wsu.edu).
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