Genetic Diversity in Muscadine and American Bunch Grapes Based on Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Analysis

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Center for Viticultural Science, Florida A & M University, Tallahassee, FL 32310

Two morphologically distinct types of grapes belonging to the subgenera Euvitis and Muscadinia in the genus Vitis are cultivated in the United States. The former is commonly called bunch grapes while the latter is usually called muscadine. Genetic diversity among these grapes was investigated using RAPD markers. Sixteen grape cultivars, with parentage including V. rotundifolia Michx., V. vinifera L., and several American Vitis species, were used for the RAPD analysis. A total of 156 RAPD markers was produced from 19 random primers, over 90% of which was polymorphic among the muscadine and the bunch grapes. Polymorphisms were lower within each subgenus. Relationships between these two subgenera were estimated based on band-sharing and cluster analysis. The average genetic distance between the bunch and the muscadine grape cultivars was 0.45. The results based on DNA analysis agree with isozyme data obtained from a separate study, which demonstrated that muscadine grapes share very few common alleles with American bunch grapes and European grapes.

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