Orange Flesh Trait in Potato: Inheritance and Carotenoid Content

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Authors:
C.R. BrownU.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service and Washington State University-irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Route 2 Box 2953A, Prosser, WA 99350

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C.G. EdwardsU.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service and Washington State University-irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Route 2 Box 2953A, Prosser, WA 99350

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C.-P. YangU.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service and Washington State University-irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Route 2 Box 2953A, Prosser, WA 99350

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B.B. DeanU.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service and Washington State University-irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Route 2 Box 2953A, Prosser, WA 99350

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Potatoes with orange flesh were found in cultivated diploid (2n = 24) potato populations derived from Solanum stenotomum Juz. et Buk. and S.phureja Juz. et Buk. The orange flesh trait was found to be controlled by an allele at the Y- locus designated Or. Or is dominant over Y and y, which control yellow and white flesh, respectively. In a comparison of white and orange flesh segregants from crosses, the orange was associated with large amounts of zeaxanthin, a xanthophyll previously not reported as a constituent of potato flesh carotenoids. The combined total of lutein and zeaxanthin was four times higher than the highest carotenoid composition previously reported for potato, this is about one-sixth the total carotenoid content of carrot with standard carotenoid levels, although lutein and zeaxanthin do not possess provitamin A activity.

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