Genetic Analysis of Isoenzymes in Raspberry

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science

The inheritance of five isoenzymes was studied in red and purple raspberry F1 progenies (Rubus idaeus L. and Rubus × neglectus Peck). Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH; EC 1.1.1.42) was a dimeric enzyme present in the cytosol and coded for by one locus (Idh-1). Three of the four crosses analyzed at this locus had deviations from expected ratios, possibly caused by its linkage to a recessive lethal gene. Malate dehydrogenase (MDH; EC 1.1.1.37), phosphoglucoisomerase (PGI; EC 5.3.1.9), and triose phosphate isomerase (TPI; EC 5.3.1.1) were dimeric enzymes with two loci. Each of these three enzymes was present in an organelle and in the cytosol for locus 1 and 2, respectively. Phosphoglucomutase (PGM; EC 2.7.5.1) was monomeric with two loci, Pgm-1 and Pgm-2, located in an organelle and the cytosol, respectively. Each allele at Pgm-1 resulted in the formation of two bands. Although most progenies analyzed supported Mendelian inheritance of polymorphic loci (except for Idh-1), there was a higher than expected number of aberrant segregation ratios observed (18.4%). Analysis of 85 pairs of jointly segregating loci revealed a possible linkage group consisting of Mdh-2, Tpi-2, and Pgm-1.

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