Genetic Variability of Fruit Set, Fruit Weight, and Yield in a Tomato Population Grown in Two High-temperature Environments

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR 00681
  • 2 Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203

Heritabilities (h2) and genetic correlations between percent fruit set, yield, and fruit weight were estimated from one summer planting each in Florida and Puerto Rico of 100 S, tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) families from a synthetic population. Single-location h2 was high for all traits. Across-locations h2 was low for yield, intermediate for fruit set, and high for fruit weight. Genotype × environment interaction (G × E) was 1) the only significant component of variance for yield, 2) somewhat important for fruit set, and 3) not an important variance component for fruit weight. The greater importance of genetic variance compared to G × E variance explains why across-location heritabilities for fruit weight and fruit set were high. Genetic correlations between fruit set and weight were strongly negative, while those between yield and set were large and positive. Yields under high temperatures may increase with selection for fruit set, but a reduction in fruit weight would be expected in this population and those with similar genetic correlations.

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