Isozymes in Ananas (Pineapple): Genetics and Usefulness in Taxonomy

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Fruit Crops Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611

Genetically characterized isozyme loci are useful for taxonomic studies. In an initial study a few Ananas genotypes were used to determine which enzyme systems would give well-resolved banding patterns on starch gels. The enzyme-staining systems that resulted in well-resolved banding patterns were used to survey more Ananas genotypes to identify and characterize isozyme polymorphism. Genetic studies were performed using seedling populations to determine the basis of variability observed among genotypes. Two peroxidase loci and three phosphoglucomutase loci were identified and characterized. Information from these studies, was used to formulate a system by which species and plant introductions could be identified and distinguished.

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