Six New Somatic Citrus Hybrids and Their Potential for Cultivar Improvement

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Authors:
Jude W. GrosserDepartment of Fruit Crops, Citrus Research and Education Center University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850

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Frederick G. Gmitter Jr.Department of Fruit Crops, Citrus Research and Education Center University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850

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Franca SestoDepartment of Fruit Crops, Citrus Research and Education Center University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850

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Xiu Xin DengDepartment of Fruit Crops, Citrus Research and Education Center University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850

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J.L. ChandlerDepartment of Fruit Crops, Citrus Research and Education Center University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, FL 33850

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Protoplasm culture following polyethylene glycol (PEG) -induced fusion resulted in the regeneration of somatic hybrid plants from the following six parental combinations: Citrus sinermis (L.) Osbeck cv. Hamlin + Severinia buxifolia (Poir.) Tenore (Chinese box-orange); C. reticulate Blanco cv. Cleopatra + Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. cv. Flying Dragon; C. reticulate cv. Cleopatra + Swingle citrumelo (C. paradisi Macf. × P. trifoliata); C. sinensis cv. Hamlin + C. jambhiri cv. Rough lemon; C. sinensis cv. Valencia + C. jambhiri cv. Rough lemon; and C. paradisi cv. Thompson + `Murcott' tangor (purported hybrid of C. reticulate × C. sinensis). Diploid plants were regenerated from nonfused embryogenic culture-derived protoplasts of `Cleopatra' mandarin and `Hamlin' and `Valencia' sweet orange, and from nonfused leaf-derived protoplasts of Rough lemon and `Mnrcott'. Regenerated plants were classified according to leaf morphology, chromosome number, and isozyme analyses. All of the somatic hybrids reported herein are tetraploid (2n = 4x = 36), with the exception of the `Hamlin' + S. buxifolia hybrid, which was unexpectedly found to have a chromosome number of 2n = 27. These six new somatic hybrids have potential in citrus scion and rootstock improvement for commercial use.

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