Molecular Analysis and Cloning of Malus Ribosomal DNA

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Department of Horticultural Sciences, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456

The ribosomal genes of the two crab apple (Malus) genotypes White Angel' and `Robusta 5' were characterized to determine the extent of between- and within-genotype heterogeneity. Initial investigations with a cloned sequence of soybean rDNA failed to detect some Malus intergenic spacer region fragments. An alternative probing method that used electrophoretically purified Malus rDNA was developed. Double-digests of total genomic DNA with combinations of 13 restriction endonucleases identified the positions of 35 restriction sites. Restriction site polymorphism was observed both between and within the crab apple genotypes. Ribosomal DNA from White Angel' was cloned in phage and plasmid vectors and mapped with 11 enzymes. The region of the spacer causing length heterogeneity was identified. These clones should be useful as genetic markers and for examining population dynamics and systematic of Malus and closely related taxa.

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