Fruit and Hormones Influence Flowering of Apple. I. Effect of Cultivar

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003

Fruit-bearing limbs of five apple (Malus domestics Borkh.) cultivars varying in degree of biennial bearing were either unsprayed or received five repeat applications of BA at 50 mg·liter-1 with daminozide at 2000 mg·liter-1. BA and daminozide increased early appendage formation of potential flower buds, but this increase was sustained only on `Early McIntosh' and `Baldwin'. BA and daminozide increased return bloom on all treated limbs, with the exception of `Early McIntosh'. The annually bearing cultivars McIntosh and Delicious initiated 20 appendages before the formation of floral parts, while the biennially bearing cultivars Golden Delicious, Baldwin, and Early McIntosh initiated 19, 18, and 22 appendages, respectively. Flower removal before bloom increased appendage formation on the biennial cultivar Baldwin but not on the annual cultivar Delicious. Chemical names used: N -(phenylmethyl) -1 H-purine-6-arnine (BA); butanedioic acid mono(2,2-dimethyihydrazide) (daminozide).

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