Response of American Ginseng to Foliar Applications of 2,4-D

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Department of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7609
  • | 2 Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8604


Single and multiple applications of 2,4-D to American ginseng (Panax quinquefolium L.) with fully expanded leaves during a 3-year period caused no visible injury to foliage or roots. During the final 2 years of the study, percent plant survival was greater with two applications per year than with one, and percent gain in root weight decreased with increased rate of application of the herbicide. Also, terminal weight of roots decreased with increased number of years of herbicide application. Treated plants did not differ from nontreated plants in percent survival, final root weight, or percent gain in root weight. Herbicide residue was not detected (<0.02 ppm) in roots from plants that received multiple applications of the three highest 2,4-D dosages: 0.56, 1.12, or 2.24 kg·ha−1 a.i. Foliar residues were detected in plants treated once or twice per year for 3 years with 0.56 or 1.12 kg·ha−1 a.i. 2,4-D. Chemical name used: (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid (2,4-D).

Contributor Notes


Senior Researcher, Pesticide Residue Research Laboratory.

Received for publication 27 July 1987. Paper no. 11169 of the Journal Series of the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, Raleigh, NC 27695-7601. Technical assistance by George Cox, Ag. Res. Tech. I, is gratefully acknowledged. Mention of a proprietary product or of a vendor does not imply endorsement by North Carolina Agricultural Research Service or criticism of similar ones not mentioned. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be hereby marked advertisement solely to indicate this fact.