Inheritance of Glandular Trichomes in Crosses between Lycopersicon esculentum and Lycopersicon pennellii

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Plant Breeding and Biometry, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853

Abstract

The absence or presence of type IV trichomes seemed to be simply inherited in crosses of the tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum Mill, and Lycopersicon pennellii Correll. F2 and BC1 data showed a good fit to a 15 : 1 and 3 : 1 ratio, respectively, suggesting that the presence of type IV trichomes is controlled by 2 unlinked genes. Broad sense heritability estimates of type IV trichome density were high. Generation means analysis of type IV trichome density indicated that genic interaction was important in the 3 crosses. All plants examined possessed type VI trichomes. Density of type VI trichomes seemed to be under large environmental influences. Broad sense heritability estimates for the density of type VI trichomes were low to moderate. Correlation coefficients comparing adaxial and abaxial trichome density measurements of both types of trichomes were significant for most of the populations studied. Correlation coefficients comparing type IV and type VI trichomes were not significant in most of the populations studied.

Contributor Notes

Graduate Student.

Assistant Professor.

Received for publication 21 Apr. 1983. The authors wish to acknowledge R.W. Robinson and W.M. Tingey for advice and assistance. The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be hereby marked advertisement solely to indicate this fact.