Effects of Irrigation Practices on Vine Growth, Yield, and Quality of Muskmelons1

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Authors:
W. D. PewDepartment of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721

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B. R. GardnerDepartment of Plant Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721

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Abstract

Higher yields, larger fruit size, and earlier maturity were achieved in muskmelons (Cucumis melo L.) by irrigating when soil moisture tensions at the 25-cm depth reached 50 and 75 kPa compared with tensions of 25 kPa. More fruits were culled in the wet treatment due to decay while the drier treatments produced more fruits with growth cracks. Melons from the drier treatments were higher in soluble solids. Irrigation did not affect the other storage and shipping quality factors measured. A prethinning irrigation caused restricted root development, vine growth, fruit size, and yield.

Contributor Notes

Received for publication Feb. 11, 1982. University of Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Paper No. 3565. The authors are grateful for the assistance and cooperation of James H. Park of The Bruce Church Commpany and Ray Knaak of the Arizona Fruit and Vegetable Standardization Service for help in judging the quality factors.

Plant Scientist, University of Arizona Experiment Station, P. O. Box 1308, Mesa, AZ 85201.

Research Scientist, Agriculture Chemistry, Department of Soils, Water and Engineering, Yuma Research Farm, 6425 West Eighth Street, Yuma, AZ 85362.

The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be hereby marked advertisement solely to indicate this fact.

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