Opening and Vase Life Extension of Peach Flowers on Detached Shoots with Sucrose and Ethanol1

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
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  • 1 Department of Fruit Crops, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611


Detached shoots of double-flowered peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] selections Fla. 6-1 and Fla. 0-5 were successfully opened in floral solutions containing 1 to 10% sucrose in deionized water. Addition of 8-hydroxyquinoline citrate (8-HQC), gibberellic acid (GA3), or 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) to solutions did not extend vase life. Solution uptake rate decreased over the 8-day life of the shoots and was influenced by solution molarity. Xylem plugging by pectic-type materials increased with time in solution. Addition of 1% ethanol to the floral solution hastened time of first opening, decreased the extent of xylem plugging, and extended vase life. Ethanol at 2% extended vase life and increased solution uptake rate over solutions containing sucrose alone.

Contributor Notes

Received for publication December 15, 1980. Florida Journal Series No. 2804.

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