Influence of Magnesium Concentrations in Nutrient Solution on Growth, Tissue Concentration, and Nutrient Uptake of Peach Seedlings1

in Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Authors:
J. H. EdwardsU.S. Department of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron, GA 31008

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B. D. HortonU.S. Department of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron, GA 31008

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Abstract

Seedlings of ‘Babygold 5’ peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] were grown for 50 days in nutrient solutions with 0.4, 21, 42, 125, 250, 500 μm Mg. Magnesium deficiency symptoms were observed 19 days after initiation of the Mg treatments in the seedlings in 0.4 μm Mg solutions. The relative growth rate was significantly increased for the first increment of Mg concentration with no further increases at higher Mg concentrations. Increasing Mg in the nutrient solution significantly increased Mg concentration in the leaves, stems, and roots, but Mg tissue concentration decreased at all levels of Mg in the nutrient solution as physiological age increased. Visible Mg deficiency symptoms were observed on mature leaves at the 125 μm Mg treatment, but when the Mg concentration exceeded 250 μm, Mg concentration in mature leaves was increased above the threshold for appearance of Mg deficiency symptoms. No Mg deficiencies were observed on ‘Babygold 5’ seedlings when the Mg concentrations in the leaves exceeded 2000 μg/g dry weight and Mg uptake rate was 2.5 μmoles/g fresh wt./day.

Contributor Notes

Received for publication January 2, 1981.

The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. Under postal regulations, this paper therefore must be hereby marked advertisement solely to indicate this fact.

Soil Scientist.

Plant Physiologist.

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