Precision Seeder Uniformity Varies with Theoretical Spacing

in HortTechnology
Authors:
Regina P. BracyLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Hammond Research Station, 21549 Old Covington Highway, Hammond, La 70403.

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Richard L. ParishLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Hammond Research Station, 21549 Old Covington Highway, Hammond, La 70403.

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Joe E. McCoyLouisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Hammond Research Station, 21549 Old Covington Highway, Hammond, La 70403.

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Precision vegetable seeders were found to have unexpected variation in seed spacing uniformity. A belt seeder and vacuum seeder were evaluated using cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. capitata group) seeded at different seed spacings to determine if seeder uniformity improved with increasing seed spacing. Seeding uniformity of the belt seeder was not affected by seed spacing, but uniformity of the vacuum seeder was. Variation in seed spacing with the vacuum seeder was consistent in absolute units, thus seed spacing nonuniformity (expressed as a percentage of theoretical spacing) decreased with increasing seed spacing. Operating the vacuum seeder with the air pressure seed release mechanism disengaged improved seeder precision. Uniformity and precision of the belt seeder were better than that of the vacuum seeder.

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