Seeding Uniformity of Precision Seeders

in HortTechnology
Authors:
Regina P. BracyAssociate Professor and Professor, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Hammond Research Station, 21549 Old Covington Highway, Hammond, LA 70403.

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Richard L. ParishAssociate Professor and Professor, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Hammond Research Station, 21549 Old Covington Highway, Hammond, LA 70403.

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Stanhay, Carraro, and Gaspardo precision vegetable seeders were evaluated for seeding uniformity with seeds of five vegetable crops—cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. Capitata group), carrot (Daucus carota L.), cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.), onion (Allium cepa L. Cepa group), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). Five measurements [mean, percentage of misses, percentage of multiples, quality of feed, and precision (defined as the coefficient of variation after misses and multiples were discarded)] were used to evaluate seeder uniformity. Using all five measurements provided a more complete determination of the metering uniformity of the seeders than was possible in prior work when only mean and coefficient of variation were used. The belt seeder (Stanhay) was effective at singulating spherical seeds (cabbage) and nearly spherical seeds (onion)as the most precise vacuum seeder (Carraro). Seeding uniformity of all seeders with elongated (carrot and cucumber) or angular (spinach) seeds was inadequate for precision seeding.

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