Two-step Heat Treatment of Pineapple Crowns Increases Thermotolerance

in HortTechnology
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  • 1 Department of Plant Pathology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822.
  • | 2 Department of Plant Molecular Physiology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822.
  • | 3 Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.

Thermotolerance of pineapple crowns (`Champaka 153') to 50C and above was increased with a 30-min first treatment at 30, 35, or 40C. Pineapple crowns receiving a 30-min heat treatment, before a second heat treatment at 50 or 55C, exhibited significantly less leaf damage than controls receiving no first treatments (P ≤ 0.05). The degree of thermotolerance was dependent upon the season in which crowns were harvested; greater thermotolerance occurred in crowns harvested in April than those harvested in October. Maximum thermotolerance occurred after an interval of at least 8 h between the first treatment and the higher temperature heat treatment. Thermotolerance was stable for at least 24 h.

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