Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Apples in European Markets

in HortTechnology
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  • 1 U.S. Department of Agriculture, ARS, European Marketing Research Center, Marconistraat 38, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
  • 2 Present address: Havelock North Research Orchard, Goddard Lane, Havelock North, New Zealand.

Comparisons were made of the major physical and chemical characteristics of seven cultivars of apples (Malus domestica Borkh.) produced and imported into Western Europe from 13 origins. During the 1990-91 marketing season, `Delicious', `Golden Delicious', `Granny Smith', `Elstar', `Jonagold', `Gala', and `Fuji' apples were included in the study. Physical characteristics evaluated were length-to-diameter ratio, shape, external defects, internal defects, water core, bruises, firmness, blush surface, and color. Chemical characteristics evaluated were starch, juice content, soluble solids, acids, and ascorbic acid. Significant differences in some of these quality characteristics were found between the different origins. Apples produced in the United States, particularly `Delicious', had some superior quality characteristics compared to fruit from other origins.

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