Increasingly in New Jersey and the surrounding region, lawn and land care professionals are offering organic options to their clientele. This may be because of a number of reasons. The organic food industry is one of the fastest growing agricultural sectors and it is possible this is now expanding into land care services (Dettmann and Dimitri, 2010). In addition, pesticides are increasingly being restricted or even eliminated on public properties (Marshall et al., 2015). For example, New Jersey School Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program encourages minimal pesticide use and the use of low impact pesticides in addition to strict 72-h notification requirements when more toxic pesticides are used [New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP), 2002]. Connecticut has banned the use of any U.S. Environmental Protection Agency registered pesticide at day care centers and kindergarten to eighth grade (K–8) school properties (State of Connecticut, 2009). New Jersey, Connecticut, New York, and other states in the region have recently enacted strict fertilizer laws that restrict the type, amount, and timing of fertilizer applications to turf (NJDEP, 2010). Finally, landscaping is a competitive industry and offering environmentally friendly or organic services may be a way to distinguish one company from others (Michelson, 2014).
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Marshall, S., Orr, D., Bradley, L. & Moorman, C. 2015 A review of organic lawn care practices and policies in North America and the implications of lawn plant diversity and insect pest management HortTechnology 25 437 446
Michelson, A. 2014 Follow these turf trends towards profit—economy and environment are two words driving lawn care product trends. 4 June 2015. <http://www.turfmagazine.com/services/follow-these-turf-trends-toward-profit/>.
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New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP). 2010 New Jersey fertilizer law. 1 Apr. 2015. <http://nj.gov/dep/healthylawnshealthywater>.
Northeast Organic Farming Association (NOFA). 2011 NOFA standards for organic land care: Practices for design and maintenance of ecological landscapes. 5th ed. 4 June 2015. <http://www.organiclandcare.net/accreditation/standards>.
Oregon Tilth 2013 Organic land care policies and standards. 2nd ed. 4 June 2015. <https://tilth.org/resources/organic-land-care-policies-and-standards/>.
Palmieri, M. 2013 Industry overview: Ahead of the curve. 4 June 2015. <http://landscapemanagement.net/industry-overview-ahead-of-the-curve/>.
Soldat, D., Stier, J., Kerns, J. & Williamson, C. 2011 Organic and reduced-risk lawn care. Univ. Wisconsin Ext. Coop. Ext. Publ. A3959.
Society for Organic Urban Land Care (SOUL). 2013 Organic land care standard. 6th ed. 4 June 2015. <http://www.organiclandcare.org/soul-organic-land-care-standard.html>.
State of Connecticut 2009 CT P.A. 09-56. An act concerning pesticide applications at child day care centers and schools. 4 June 2015. <http://www.cga.ct.gov/2009/ACT/Pa/pdf/2009PA-00056-R00SB-01020-PA.pdf>.
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U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2004 Compost tea task force report. 4 June 2015. <http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5058470>.