Recent Advances in Strawberry Plug Transplant Technology

in HortTechnology
View More View Less
  • 1 Rutgers University, Dept. of Plant Biology and Pathology, 59 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520.
  • | 2 Dept. of Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695.
  • | 3 USDA-ARS, Fruit Laboratory, B-010A, BARC-W, United States Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Plugs are rapidly replacing fresh-dug bare-root and cold-stored frigo plants as transplants for strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) production worldwide. Plugs have many advantages over these other types of propagules. They are grown in controlled environments (greenhouses, tunnels) in less time than field produced bare-root transplants, and are not exposed to soilborne pathogens. Plugs afford greater grower control of transplanting dates, provide mechanical transplanting opportunities and allow improved water management for transplant establishment relative to fresh bare-root plants. New uses for plugs have been identified in recent years; for example, photoperiod and temperature conditioned plugs flower and fruit earlier than traditional transplants and plugs have been used for programmed greenhouse production. Tray plants have superior cold storage characteristics relative to bare-root, waiting-bed transplants. Both fresh and frozen plugs are used in a number of indoor and outdoor growing conditions and cultural systems.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 761 230 28
PDF Downloads 746 281 30