Landfills are subject to public scrutiny because of potential environmental hazards, low aesthetic value, and rising costs of regulations governing landfill operation. In southwestern Virginia, landfill operators commonly seed landfills with nonnative perennial forbs and grasses. Our goal was to determine if wildflowers were a feasible alternative to the standard revegetation mixture. A standard landfill revegetation mixture and a wildflower mixture were sown at a landfill in Spring 1993 and were evaluated after one growing season. The number of species established in the wildflower mixture subplots was greater than in the standard mixture subplots, whereas cover of the two mixtures did not differ significantly. Rudbeckia hirta, Coreopsis lanceolata, Coreopsis tinctoria, and Hesperis matronalis thrived. Lespedeza cuneata was a confounding factor in determining cover estimates. Results of our study suggest that several native and naturalized species have potential for landfill restoration.
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