Register of New Fruit and Nut Cultivars List 51

in HortScience
Authors:
David KarpDepartment of Botany and Plant Sciences University of California, Riverside 900 University Avenue Riverside, CA 92521

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Ksenija GasicDepartment of Plant and Environmental Sciences Clemson University 105 Collings Street Clemson, SC 29634

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Preface

About the Register

Special thanks to the crop contributors for compiling this information. Individuals with cultivars to describe should contact the crop editors directly via the links at https://www.americanpomological.org/?page_id=25.

Disclaimer of liability and accuracy

This information is provided as a courtesy of the American Society for Horticultural Science (ASHS) and is presented with the explicit understanding that ASHS and its authors are not rendering any professional service or advice. While ASHS does its best to present current, accurate, and complete information, the information provided herein may be changed at any time by its owners, or become outdated. Readers are encouraged to inquire further for confirmation of all information on cultivar description and intellectual property protection. ASHS strictly disclaims the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein. ASHS and its authors strictly disclaim any liability whatsoever, direct or indirect, for any damages of any kind resulting from the use of this material.

Nomenclature

The first name in each full entry is usually the official cultivar denomination listed in the U.S. plant patent, in foreign plant variety gazettes, or in release notes. Names given in parentheses after the primary name, without ™ or ® marks, may be considered synonyms. Names followed by ™ are common law trademarks, and names followed by ® are registered trademarks; neither are official cultivar names, but they are listed because they are often the most familiar names for cultivars. Trade names are also listed separately, with a referral to the official name (e.g., “Frostberry Delight®. See T-460.”). The links between cultivar names and trade names can be fluid and complex; the trade names listed in the Register most commonly are used to market a single cultivar, but occasionally more than one cultivar is linked to a trade name.

Following the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, 9th ed. (2016), the primary names for Asian cultivars consist of transliterations into Roman script of the original names in Asian characters. The Register also seeks to provide, whenever possible, the original name in Asian script, and a translation of the meaning, when this is relevant.

Intellectual property document links

A Word version of List 51 containing links to intellectual property documents is included as Supplemental Material. For U.S. Plant Patents the link is usually to the USPTO master page for each cultivar, which includes patent texts and PDFs, color photographs (under “supplemental content”), and other useful information. In addition to the numbers and dates for U.S. Plant Patents and Plant Variety Protection certificates, the editors have tried to include information about Plant Breeders’ Rights for cultivars that are of foreign origin; these listings also include embedded links to original sources, insofar as they are available.

Abbreviations

Chinese MARA = Chinese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

Chinese NFGA = Chinese National Forestry and Grassland Administration

CPVO = European Union Community Plant Variety Office

PBR = Plant Breeders’ Rights

USPP = United States Plant Patent

USPVP = United States Plant Variety Protection

Complementary resources

The Register’s descriptions from List 1 (1944) to the present, searchable by crop and cultivar, are available online at https://www.fruitandnutlist.org

A spreadsheet listing all fruit and nut cultivars that have applied for plant patents, PBR, or PVP in North America since 1 Jan. 2016, with links to their descriptions in recent Registers, is available at https://drive.google.com/file/d/1LtCeTo13PDFsO6AqFSw_1PGo_lvP0VWR/view?usp=sharing. The editors endeavor to update it weekly.

Crop listings. Almond, Apple, Apricot, Avocado, Avocado rootstock, Blackberry, Blue Honeysuckle, Blueberry, Cacao, Cherimoya, Cherry–sweet, Cherry–tart, Cherry rootstock, Chestnut, Citrus, Citrus rootstock, Cranberry, Currant, Elderberry, Goji, Grape, Hazelnut, Kiwifruit, Mango, Mulberry, Nectarine, Passion Fruit, Peach, Pear, Pecan, Pineapple, Pistachio, Pistachio rootstock, Plum and interspecific hybrids, Raspberry, Red Bayberry, Strawberry, Sugar Apple, Walnut.

ALMOND

Thomas M. Gradziel, Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA

Booth. Self-incompatible, kernel-to-shell ratio 60%. Origin: parentage unknown, seedling found in a Nonpareil and Ne Plus Ultra orchard in Orland, CA, by R.D. Booth and F.R. Booth. USPP 34,044; 3 Mar. 2022. Nut: ovate; paper shell; kernel midsize, 1.3 g, slightly wider and darker than Sonora and easily blanched; possible high doubles early in orchard production; shell exhibits slight to prominently cuspidate apex; harvest ∼12 d after Nonpareil. Tree: growth habit upright to spreading; productive, crops heavily on spurs; blooms with Nonpareil; chill requirement 450 h.

Makako. Self-fertile, S-genotype (S5Sf), kernel to shell ratio 33%. Origin: Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Espinardo, Murcia, Spain, by F. Dicenta, T. Cremades, P.J. Martínez-García, P. Martínez-Gómez, E. Ortega, M. Rubio, R. Sánchez-Pérez, J. López-Alcolea, and J. Egea. Lauranne × S5133; crossed 1997; selected 2009; introd. 2017. CPVO PBR 60079; 7 Feb. 2022. Nut: well-sealed; shells very hard; kernels medium, 1.2 g, with <1% doubles; harvest time similar to Ferragnes. Tree: vigorous; upright to slightly spreading; bearing primarily on spurs and brindles; blooms 20 d after Nonpareil.

Matan. Self-fertile, S-genotype (S6 or S7 and Sf), kernel to shell ratio 47%. Origin: Newe Ya’ar Research Center, Israel, by D. Holland, I. Bar-Ya’akov, and K. Hatib. Lauranne × Um ElFahem; crossed 2002; selected 2006; introd. 2012. Israeli PBR 3150; 14 Feb. 2012. USPP 22,458; 17 Jan. 2012. USPVP applied for. Nut: large; elongated and ovate; shells well-sealed, semi-hard; kernels large, 1.48 g; <5% doubles; harvest time 2-3 weeks before Lauranne. Tree: vigorous, upright, moderately spreading; blooms 10-14 d before Lauranne; chilling requirement ∼100 h.

Penta. See Pentacebas Csic.

Pentacebas Csic (Penta). Self-fertile, S-genotype (S5Sf), kernel-to-shell ratio 33%. Origin: Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura–Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Espinardo, Murcia, Spain, by F. Dicenta, T. Cremades, P.J. Martínez-García, P. Martínez-Gómez, E. Ortega, M. Rubio, R. Sánchez-Pérez, J. López-Alcolea, and J. Egea. S5133 × Lauranne; crossed 1998; selected 2009. CPVO PBR 35208; 6 May 2013. Nut: well-sealed, shells very hard; kernels medium, 1.0 g; <1% doubles; harvest time 10 d before Ferragnes. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright, moderately spreading; crops heavily on spurs and shoots; blooms 23 d after Nonpareil.

Vela. Self-fertile, kernel-to-shell ratio 55%. Origin: University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, by M. Wirthensohn. Chellaston × A97001-1bT47 (Nonpareil × Lauranne); crossed 2002, selected 2009; introd. 2018. Australian PBR 6308; 18 Mar. 2020. USPP 30,228; 26 Feb. 2019. Nut: medium; weakly cordate; well-sealed hard-paper shells; kernels large, 1.83 g; 57% oil; <1% doubles; harvest time 10 d after Nonpareil. Tree: growth habit slightly open; crops heavily on spurs; blooms just before Nonpareil.

Yorizane. Self-fertile, S-genotype (S5Sf), kernel-to-shell ratio 67%. Origin: USDA-ARS, Parlier, CA, by C. Ledbetter. Tuono × ARS 74-48; crossed 1998; selected 2003; introd. 2021. Not licensed, available to all interested growers and breeders. Nut: medium; oblong; well-sealed paper shells; kernels medium, 0.99 g; very low doubles; harvest time with to just after Nonpareil. Tree: growth habit upright to spreading; crops heavily on spurs; blooms with to just after Nonpareil.

APPLE

Sarah Kostick, Dept. of Horticultural Science, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN

Kate Evans, Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Wenatchee, WA

Babylove. Small, flat, orange-red apple with good eating quality. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by L. Maillard and A. Maillard. Regalyou O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,964; 13 Apr. 2021. Fruit: very small to small; round flat; 95% luminous orange-red to red with yellow-orange ground color; flesh firm, crunchy, melting, juicy; flavor semi-sweet, aromatic; acidity moderate; 12.0-12.8 °Brix; ripens very late, first 2 weeks of October in Elne; storability good, 3-4 months in cold storage. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright; blooms early April in Elne; possibly resistant to apple scab (Venturia inaequalis).

Bay 4029 (Rubinella®). Red apple with good eating quality and storability. Origin: Hallbergmoos, Germany, by M. Neumuller. Rubinette × Pomona. CPVO PBR 59052; 19 July 2021. USPP 31,933; 7 July 2020. Fruit: midsize, diameter 7.4 cm; ovoid globose; 70% dark red; flesh firm; 14-17 °Brix; acidity low, 3.5-5.3 g/L; highly aromatic with mango flavor; ripens with Braeburn; storability good. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright, slightly spreading; blooms end of April in Hallbergmoos; highly productive; moderately susceptible to apple scab, similar to Elstar.

Bella Rosa (BellaRosa). Early season, full pink-red Cripps Pink apple. Origin: Fruit Varieties International, Grove, Tasmania, Australia, by B. Francis. Cripps Pink whole tree mutation; discovered 2013; propagated 2014. Australian PBR 6576; 14 Feb. 2022. USPP 32,850; 2 Mar. 2021. Fruit: diameter 6.8 cm; cylindrical; 85% dark red-purple with yellow-green ground color; flesh firm, crisp; 15.5 °Brix; 0.6% titratable acidity; ripens late, mid-April in Tasmania. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit drooping; blooms mid- to late October in Tasmania; winter hardiness, cold, drought, and heat tolerance similar to Cripps Pink.

BellaRosa. See Bella Rosa.

Bingo Gala. Gala apple with attractive red-purple overcolor. Origin: Golden Joy Bingo, Grabouw, Western Cape, South Africa, by J.D. Weigman. Tenroy Gala limb mutation; discovered 2012. South African PBR applied for. USPP 33,385; 24 Aug. 2021. Fruit: diameter 7.2 cm; globose; 80% red-purple with yellow ground color; flesh juicy, moderately firm, pressure 7.5 kg; 15 °Brix; ripens early to mid-February in South Africa; storability similar to other Gala cultivars. Tree: vigor strong; growth habit semi-upright; blooms mid-October in South Africa; disease and pest resistance/susceptibility similar to other Gala cultivars.

Chunmei Donghong. Rose-red flowered ornamental crabapple. Origin: Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China, by X. Wang, Y. Huang, J. Tian, J. Zhang, Y. Lu, X. Qin, Y. Hu, and Y. Yao. Mutation of Radiant; mutations induced 2006; introd. 2019. Fruit: small; ellipsoid-conical; 85% orange-red. Tree: vigor strong; growth habit spreading; blooms late April in Beijing; flowers bright red-rose; petals single, slightly overlapping.

CIVM49 (RedPop®). Precocious apple with brilliant red fruit and resistance to apple scab. Origin: Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, Ferrara, Italy, by M. Leis and A. Martinelli. Co-op 39 × Mitchgla; crossed 2000; propagated 2006. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,391; 27 Oct. 2020. Fruit: diameter 7.0 cm; conic; 80% dark purple-red with yellow ground color; flesh fine; flavor aromatic, good, with high sugar, 14.5-15.0 °Brix; 4.9 g/L malic acid; ripens 10-15 d after Gala, late August to early September in S. Giuseppe di Comacchio, Italy; storability good, up to 6 months under controlled atmosphere; shelf life up to 2 weeks. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms early April in S. Giuseppe di Comacchio; precocious; biennial bearing absent; resistant to apple scab.

Civpeak (Rubens®). Purple-red apple with very firm, crunchy, and juicy texture. Origin: Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, Comacchio, Italy, by M. Leis and A. Martinelli. Civni bud mutation; discovered and selected 2009; propagated 2011. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,417; 3 Nov. 2020. Fruit: diameter 7.6 cm; conic; 70-90% purple red with yellow ground color; flesh firm, crunchy, and juicy; flavor aromatic, balanced sweetness/acidity, 14.0-14.5 °Brix, acidity 7.0-7.5 g/L; ripens early to mid-August in S. Giuseppe di Comacchio; storability good, up to 7 months at 1 °C, 2% O2, and 2% CO2. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms mid-April in S. Giuseppe di Comacchio; biennial bearing absent; tolerant to temperatures down to -10 °C or up to 35 °C.

Dai Long. Ornamental crabapple with unique white flat flowers. Origin: Shandong Agricultural University, Shandong, China, by Y. Yin, X. Cui, L. Zhang, Y. Mao, X. Su, Y. Liu, H. Pang, and X. Shen. M. baccata O.P.; selected 2018. Fruit: small, diameter 1.3-1.5 cm; obloid; dark purple, glossy; persists on tree. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright, spreading; blooms early, late March in Tai’an, Shandong; flowers single, white, flat.

DS 102. Yellow apple with good eating quality and storability. Origin: Holman, WI, by D. Shefelbine. Honeycrisp O.P.; selected 2007; propagated 2009. USPP 33,271; 20 July 2021. Fruit: midsize, diameter 7.5-8.4 cm; round conical; moderate yellow; flesh crisp, juicy, melting; flesh firmness 7.7-11.8 kg; 17.0-19.2 °Brix; 0.215% malic acid; ripens mid-September in Brewster, WA; storability good, up to 9 months in common storage. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright, spreading; blooms mid- to late April in Brewster.

Double-flowered Prince. Double-flowered ornamental crabapple with purple flowers, leaves, and fruits. Origin: Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China, by W. Li, Z. Zhang, J. Tian, J. Zhang, Y. Lu, X. Qin, Y. Hu, and Y. Yao. Mutation of Royalty; mutations induced 2006; evaluated 2010-2012; released 2019. Fruit: diameter 1.41 cm; obloid; deep purple-red; flesh purple-red; fruit persists on tree 185-190 d. Tree: vigor strong; growth habit spreading; leaves deep purple; blooms mid- to late April in Beijing; flowers double, purple-red.

Duojiao (多娇). Ornamental crabapple with yellow leaves. Origin: Tai’an Zhengdong Nursery, Tai’an, Shandong, China, by L. Zhang, Y. Mao, Y. Wang, L. Yang, Y. Yin, X. Shen, C. Zhang, and D. Zhang. M. spectabilis Riversii bud mutation; discovered 2014; introduced 2018. Fruit: diameter 1.7-2.3 cm; obloid; yellow green; ripens late September to early October in Tai’an; fruit set lower than Riversii. Tree: vigor strong; growth habit upright, fastigiate; leaves yellow; blooms mid-April in Tai’an; flowers pink, semidouble, large.

Fen Balei. Ornamental crabapple with large, light purple flowers and yellow fruit. Origin: Nanjing Forestry University, China, by T. Zhou, H. Jiang, D. Zhang, J. Fan, L. Zhang, G. Wang, W. Zhang, and F. Cao. Malus micromalus O.P.; seed collected 2007; selected 2011. Fruit: diameter 2.5 cm; conical; yellow; crop load low. Tree: growth habit V-shaped; blooms early April in Jiangsu, China; flowers light purple, large, highly doubled with deep cup shape; flower petals elliptic, overlapping.

Fengapi (Tessa®). Vivid red apple with good eating quality. Origin: Feno GmbH, Neumarkt, Italy, by R. Kaneppele. Gala × Pink Rose. CPVO PBR 52779; 20 May 2019. USPP 30,863; 3 Sept. 2019. Fruit: elongated; diameter 7.5-8.5 cm; vivid red; flesh crunchy; flavor aromatic, very sweet; storability very good; ripens late September in Italy. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit ramified, spreading; blooms early to midseason.

Firecracker®. See NY109.

FR1063. Red apple with subtle stripes and good storability. Origin: Conklin, MI, by F.A. Rasch. Parentage unknown; discovered 1998; propagated 2007. USPP 32,220; 22 Sept. 2020. Fruit: diameter 9.5 cm; 40-50% blush red with subtle red stripes over yellow ground color; flesh firm, tender, fine, crisp, very juicy; pressure ∼8.2 kg; flavor aromatic, sweet, 16.5 °Brix; ripens early October in Conklin; storability good, 6-10 months in controlled atmosphere. Tree: vigorous; growth habit flat to slightly upright; blooms mid-May in Michigan; susceptible to fire blight (Erwinia amylovora); moderately susceptible to apple scab and powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha).

Fräulein®. See GS-66.

Giga®. See Ipador.

GS-66 (GS 66; Fräulein®). Shiny red apple with crisp, juicy, non-browning flesh. Origin: Deutsches Obstsorten Konsortium, Hollern-Twielenfleth, Germany, by G. Sundermeyer. Parentage unknown; selected 2012; propagated 2013. CPVO PBR 54081; 20 Jan. 2020. USPP 30,862; 3 Sept. 2019. Fruit: diameter 7.0-8.0 cm; globose; 70-80% dark red overcolor; lenticels prominent, abundant; flesh very crisp, juicy, non-browning; 13.7 °Brix; ripens with Braeburn; storability very good, >4 months in cold storage, >7 months in controlled atmosphere. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms 3 d after Golden Delicious; susceptible to powdery mildew.

HOT84A1. Attractive, dark red apple with long storability. Origin: New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Auckland, New Zealand, Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries, Barcelona, Spain, and FruitFutur, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain, by J. Bonany and R. Bolz. Scired × Scilate; crossed 2002; selected 2007. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,720; 5 Jan. 2021. Fruit: large to very large, diameter 7.5 cm; oblong; 70% dark red purple with yellow ground color, moderate russet; flesh firm, very juicy; flavor sweet wine; aroma sweet apple; 17.0 °Brix; less sensitive to cracking and sunburn than Fuji; ripens late September to early October in Lleida; storability excellent, up to 8 months at 0.5 °C plus 1 week shelf life. Tree: vigor moderate on M.9 rootstock; growth habit spreading; blooms early to mid-April in Lleida; adapted to hot growing conditions.

Ipador (Giga®). Scab-resistant apple with long storability. Origin: Better3Fruit, Heverlee, Belgium, by I. De Wit and A. Auwerkerken. Goldrush × Nicoter; crossed 2002; selected 2008; propagated 2008-2009. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,392; 27 Oct. 2020. Fruit: diameter 8.0 cm; obloid/conic; 75% dark red overcolor with greenish yellow ground color; flesh firm, crisp, juicy; aroma moderate to strong; 16.1 °Brix; 8.2 g/L malic acid; ripens late October in Belgium; storability excellent, at least 7 months cold storage. Tree: vigor moderate; blooms early, with Idared; highly productive; biennial bearing absent; resistant to apple scab, monogenic Rvi6 (i.e., Vf) resistance; susceptible to fire blight.

Joya®. See RDS.

Lilac (UEB 42723). Columnar ornamental apple tree with red-purple flowers, resistant to apple scab. Origin: Institute of Experimental Botany, Prague, Czech Republic, by R. Cerny, J. Zima, O. Louda, and J. Tupy. Evereste × Maypole; crossed 2003; selected 2009; propagated 2014. CPVO PBR 51496; 25 Feb. 2019. USPP 30,849; 27 Aug. 2019. Fruit: small; obloid; red, 40-80% with bloom on fruit; persists on tree after leaf fall. Tree: vigor weak to moderate; growth habit upright, compact, columnar; flowers red purple; blooms 3 d before Golden Delicious; very precocious; Rvi6 (i.e., Vf) resistant to apple scab.

Magenta (UEB 42721). Columnar, scab-resistant ornamental apple tree. Origin: Institute of Experimental Botany, Prague, Czech Republic, by R. Cerny, J. Zima, O. Louda, and J. Tupy. Evereste × Maypole; crossed 2003; selected 2009; propagated 2014. CPVO PBR 51497; 25 Feb. 2019. USPP 30,861; 3 Sept. 2019. Fruit: small; globose to obloid; 95-100% red-purple. Tree: vigor weak to moderate; growth habit erect, compact, columnar; flowers red-purple; blooms with Golden Delicious; very precocious; Rvi6 (i.e., Vf) resistant to apple scab.

NY73 (Pink Luster®). Unique pink blush apple with firm, crisp, juicy, flavorful fruit. Origin: Cornell University, by S.K. Brown and K. Maloney. Imperial Gala × Honeycrisp; crossed 1997; propagated 2002; tested as NY97733-73. USPP 32,702; 29 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large, diameter 6.9-8.9 cm; globose-conical; pink blush with light green ground color; flesh crisp, juicy; flavor good, 11.0-16.5 °Brix; acidity 0.49% malic acid, 3.5-3.9 pH; ripens mid-September in Geneva, NY. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit standard upright; blooms early May in Geneva, NY.

NY109 (Firecracker®). Firm, juicy, flavorful apple with an heirloom-like appearance. Origin: Cornell University, by S. Brown and K. Maloney. Golden Glory × NY752; crossed 1997; propagated 2004; tested as NY97729-109. USPP 31,145; 3 Dec. 2019. Fruit: midsize, diameter 5.5-7.7 cm; mostly conic; light red blush with yellow ground color; fine russet; flesh firm; flavor balanced sweetness/acidity, 13.1-17.4 °Brix; 0.82% malic acid, 3.3-3.7 pH; ripens early to mid-October in Geneva, NY. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit standard upright; blooms early to mid-May in Geneva, NY.

Pink Luster®. See NY73.

RDS (Joya®). Cripps Red with early color development. Origin: Fruit Varieties International, Grove, Tasmania, Australia, by A. Green and B. Green. Cripps Red limb mutation; discovered 2013; propagated 2014. Australian PBR 6045; 12 Mar. 2019. USPP 32,618; 15 Dec. 2020. Fruit: diameter 7.7 cm; globose; dark red-purple with yellow-green ground color; bloom moderate to strong; flesh firm, crisp; ripens mid- to late season in Tasmania. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms late September in Tasmania; winter hardiness, drought, and heat tolerance similar to Cripps Red.

Red Summer. See Rumba.

RedPop®. See CIVM49.

Regal D17-121. Bi-colored apple with dense, crisp flesh. Origin: Regal Fruit International, Ephrata, WA, by N. Manly and K. Adams. Honeycrisp × Co-op 39; crossed 2008. USPP 32,877; 9 Mar. 2021. Fruit: oblate to flat round; red with yellow ground color; flesh very firm, crisp, melting; flavor honey-like, 15.4 °Brix; 6.14 g/L malic acid, pH 3.84; ripens early September in Ephrata; keeps up to 6 months in storage. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit inverted cone; susceptible to all insects and diseases in Central Washington.

RoselandRed™. See SO 7.

Rubens®. See Civpeak.

Rubinella®. See Bay 4029.

RubyS (Ruby-S). Small, flavorful, attractive apple with excellent storability. Origin: Apple Research Institute, Rural Development Administration, Gunwi, South Korea, by S. Kwon, J. Kim, S. Kim, Y. Kwon, and J. Lee. Alpsotome × Sansa; crossed 2004; selected 2014. South Korean PBR 6585; 30 Mar. 2017. Fruit: small, diameter 5.94 cm; conic; 80-100% red with yellow-green ground color; flushed blush; flesh creamy, crunchy, juicy, firm; aroma delicate; 14.5 °Brix; 0.53% titratable acidity as malic acid; ripens 5 d before Gala; stores at least 6 months at 1 °C. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit slender spindle; blooms mid-April in South Korea; strong relative resistance to Alternaria blotch (Alternaria mali), white rot (Botryosphaeria dothidea), bitter rot (Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes, C. acutatum and Glomerella cingulate), and powdery mildew.

Rumba (US plant patent denomination UEB 43054; US trademark Tasty Red™; Dutch synonym Red Summer). Columnar apple tree with bright red, long-storing fruit. Origin: Institute of Experimental Botany, Prague, Czech Republic, by R. Cerny, J. Zima, O. Louda, and J. Tupy. Red Topaz × Rondo; crossed 2004; selected 2009. CPVO PBR 49214; 7 May 2018. USPP 30,847; 27 Aug. 2019. Fruit: obloid; bright red with light greenish yellow ground color; flesh finely grained, moderately firm; flavor slightly sour; ripens late, October in Czech Republic; storability good, 5-6 months in cold storage. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit erect and columnar; blooms end of April in Czech Republic; Rvi6 (i.e., Vf) resistant to apple scab.

SO 7 (RoselandRed™). Bright cherry red Honeycrisp apple. Origin: International Plant Management, Roseland, VA, by A.R. Alton. Honeycrisp whole tree mutation; discovered 2009; propagated 2012; USPP 33,113; 1 June 2021. Fruit: diameter 7.5 cm; round to slightly flattened; 80-90% bright cherry red with yellow-orange ground color; flesh very crisp, juicy; aroma fragrant, sweet; storability similar to Honeycrisp. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms early to mid-May in northeastern Virginia; winter hardiness, drought tolerance, and disease resistance similar to Honeycrisp.

Takano 7go (高野 7号). Orange-red apple with firm flesh and balanced flavor. Origin: Oshu-shi, Iwate, Japan, by T. Takano. Shinano Gold × Takano 1go (Beni Roman®). Japanese PBR 27390; 19 Mar. 2019. USPP 32,159; 8 Sept. 2020. Fruit: ovoid conic; orange-red with whitish green ground color; flesh firm, ∼6.9 kg; sweetness/acidity balanced, 14.5-15.0 °Brix; 0.33 g/100 ml malic acid; ripens late August to early September in Iwate. Tree: vigor moderate; blooms early May in Iwate; resistant to Alternaria blotch.

Tasty Red™. See Rumba.

Tessa®. See Fengapi.

UEB 6581. Late ripening, dark red apple resistant to apple scab. Origin: Institute of Experimental Botany, Prague, Czech Republic, by R. Cerny, J. Zima, O. Louda, and J. Tupy. Fuji × UEB 3265/2; crossed 2000; selected 2009. CPVO PBR 48317; 5 Feb. 2018. USPP 30,848; 27 Aug. 2019. Fruit: conical; dark red; flesh finely grained, firm; aroma moderate, similar to tropical fruits; sugar/acid ratio high, 40:1; ripens late; storability good, 5-6 months. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms late April to early May in Czech Republic, similar to Golden Delicious; precocious; Rvi6 (i.e., Vf) resistant to apple scab.

UEB 42721. See Magenta.

UEB 42723. See Lilac.

UEB 43054. See Rumba.

Xiang He. Ornamental crabapple with double, red-purple flowers. Origin: Changyi Crabapple Seedling Cultivation Professional Cooperatives, Changyi, Shandong, China, by D. Hu, J. Xu, Y. Han, X. Dun, L. Wang, and S. Zhu. Parentage unknown; introduced 2017. Fruit: small; diameter 0.9-1.1 cm; flat obloid; moderate red; flesh yellow. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright; flowers red-purple, double petaled; blooms late April in Shandong Province, China.

Y103 (Kissabel® Orange [multiple cultivars may be marketed under this trade name]). Dark pink, white-fleshed apple. Origin: International Fruit Obtention, Seiches sur le Loir, France, by V. Fouillet. Golden Delicious × SJ109; crossed 2006; propagated 2011. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,234; 29 Sept. 2020. Fruit: diameter 8.4 cm; conical; brown orange with yellow ground color; flesh dark pink and white, firmness low to moderate, juiciness moderate to high; 13 °Brix; ripens 10-15 d before Golden Delicious. Tree: vigor moderate to high; growth habit spreading, drooping; blooms 4 d before Golden Delicious.

Yangzhi Yu. Double-flowered ornamental crabapple. Origin: Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, China, by H. Jiang, T. Zhou, J. Fan, D. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Sun, and W. Zhang. Parentage unknown; selected 2014. Fruit: small, diameter 1.4 cm; globose; yellow green. Tree: growth habit upright; flowers double, white, deep-cupped with 15-20 petals; blooms early April in Yanzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Zi Dieer. Ornamental red-purple, double-flowered crabapple. Origin: Nanjing Forestry University, China, by T. Zhou, H. Jiang, W. Zhang, D. Zhang, J. Fan, Q. Zhang, G. Wang, and F. Cao. Parentage unknown; selected 2014; introduced 2018. Fruit: small; globose; red; sets few fruits. Tree: growth habit upright; blooms end of March in Jiangsu, China; flowers highly doubled, red-purple with elliptical, overlapping petals.

APRICOT

Craig A. Ledbetter, USDA-ARS San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center, Parlier, CA

Aprilove. Regular bearer of midseason attractive fruit having a high degree of luminous orange red blush with good aroma and sweetness. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Asfcot0201 O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,379; 21 Jan. 2020. Fruit: round; 75 g; blush 75-90% in sunlight; texture fine, firm; eating quality and flavor very good; freestone; ripens midseason. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit semi-spreading; branching density highly dense; bearing good, regular; self-fertile.

Suapril5. Productive bearer of medium-sized midseason fruit with firm, dark orange flesh and abundant aroma. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T. Bacon. Robada O.P.; crossed 2008; tested as AP13141. USPP 33,562; 19 Oct. 2021. Fruit: oblong; ∼90 g; blush 15% in sunlight; texture medium-fine, firm; flavor sweet, mild; aroma abundant; freestone; kernel medium bitter; ripens midseason. Tree: vigor medium-strong; growth habit semi-upright; canopy density medium; bearing very productive; self-infertile; chilling requirement 600 h.

AVOCADO

Eric Focht, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

Alejandro F. Barrientos-Priego, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Texcoco, México

Carmen- Hass®, Carmen Hass®. See Méndez No. 1.

Méndez No. 1 (Carmen-Hass®, Carmen Hass®). Presumed Hass bud mutation with more profuse and earlier flowering and slightly earlier harvest season. Origin: Uruapan, Michoacán, México, by C. Méndez-Vega. Presumed Hass bud mutation discovered in cultivated orchard. Mexican PBR 614; 17 Dec. 2008. USPP 11,173; 4 Jan. 2000. Fruit: size similar to Hass, 186 g. in Irvine, CA; shape ovate, similar to Hass; skin rough, dark purple or black, similar to Hass; ripens with Hass; off-bloom fruit smaller, smoother skinned, rounder than Hass. Tree: growth habit spreading, flat topped; branching less apically dominant than Hass; flowers regularly September through March in Irvine; flowers occasionally at other times of year; flowering type A.

AVOCADO ROOTSTOCK

Eric Focht, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

Alejandro F. Barrientos-Priego, Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Texcoco, Mexico

Borys. Avocado rootstock highly tolerant to salinity. Origin: INIFAP-Nayarit, México, by S. Salazar-García, R. Medina-Torres, S. Ochoa-Ascencio, and J. Antonio Herrera-González. West Indian race O.P. from Zempoala, Veracruz, tested under salinity conditions. Mexican PBR 2709; 18 June 2021. Plant: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; internode length short; stems thin; leaves very narrow, anise aroma medium, undulation of leaf margin medium. Rootstock performance: vigorous; stimulates earlier flowering by 3 weeks with Hass; yield high, 26% more than local rootstocks; performs very well with Hass; salinity tolerance high; drought tolerant.

Bravo. Avocado rootstock highly resistant to Phytophthora cinnamomi and highly tolerant to salinity and drought. Origin: Nayarit, México, by S. Salazar-García. Mexican race O.P., from Puebla State, México, tested under P. cinnamomi, salinity and drought conditions. Mexican PBR 2718; 18 June 2021. Plant: vigor medium; growth habit upright; internode length medium; stems thin; leaves narrow, anise aroma medium, leaf margin undulation absent. Rootstock performance: vigor medium; yield 15% more than local rootstocks; performs very well with Hass and Méndez No. 1; P. cinnamomi resistance very high; salinity and drought tolerant.

Campeón. Avocado rootstock very strongly tolerant to drought and strongly resistant to Phytophthora cinnamomi. Origin: Nayarit, México, by S. Salazar-García. West Indian race O.P. from Veracruz State, México, tested under drought conditions. Mexican PBR 2717; 21 June 2021. Plant: vigorous; growth habit spreading; internode length long; stems thick; leaves broad, anise essence absent, undulation of leaf margin weak. Rootstock performance: generates vigorous trees; yield very high, 60% more than local rootstocks; adapted to heavy soils; performs very well with Hass and Méndez No. 1; drought tolerance high; highly resistant to P. cinnamomi.

Dusa®. See Merensky 2.

Galindo. Avocado rootstock with very high resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi and high tolerance to salinity and drought. Origin: INIFAP-Nayarit, México, by S. Salazar-García, R. Medina-Torres, and S. Ochoa-Ascencio. Mexican race rootstock, recovered from an escape tree in an orchard devastated by P. cinnamomi, México State, tested under P. cinnamomi conditions. Mexican PBR 2710; 18 June 2021. Plant: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; internode length medium; stem thickness medium; leaves of medium width, anise essence absent, undulation of leaf margin medium. Rootstock performance: vigor medium; yield good; performs very well with Hass; resistance to P. cinnamomi very high.

Jefe. Avocado rootstock with high tolerance to salinity and drought. Origin: Nayarit, México, by S. Salazar-García. West Indian race O.P., probably from Veracruz State, México, tested under salinity and drought conditions. Mexican PBR 2719; 18 June 2021. Plant: vigorous; growth habit spreading; internode length long; stems thick; leaves broad, anise essence absent, undulation of leaf margin strong. Rootstock performance: generates vigorous trees; yield high, 27% more than local rootstocks; performs very well with Hass and Méndez No. 1; salinity tolerance high; drought tolerance high.

Latas®. See Merensky 1.

Leola®. See Merensky 6.

Merensky 1 (Latas®). Avocado rootstock resistant to salinity and Phytophthora cinnamomi. Origin: Westfalia Technological Services, Tzaneen, Limpopo Province, South Africa, by J. Darvas. Discovered late 1970s or early 1980s as a seedling rootstock at Westfalia Estate growing under waterlogged conditions. USPP 17,947; 28 Aug. 2007. Plant: growth habit spreading; young leaves grayed-orange with weak anthocyanin pigmentation, anise aroma absent. Rootstock performance: vigor medium; P. cinnamomi resistance high; salinity resistant.

Merensky 2 (Dusa®). Avocado rootstock with strong resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi and good yield when grafted to Hass. Origin: Westfalia Technological Services, Tzaneen, Limpopo Province, South Africa, by J.S. Köhne. Discovered 2003 as a seedling rootstock at Westfalia Estate in an orchard with high P. cinnamomi pressure. USPP 15,309; 13 Mar. 2003. Plant: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; young leaves orange-brown, anise aroma present. Rootstock performance: yield higher than Duke 7 with Hass; more resistant to P. cinnamomi than Duke 7.

Merensky 5 (Zerala®). Avocado rootstock highly resistant to salinity and Phytophthora cinnamomi. Origin: Westfalia Fruit Estate, Tzaneen, Limpopo Province, South Africa; South African Avocado Growers Association, Tzaneen, by D.G. Smith, S. Kremer-Köhne, Z. van Rooyen, and J.S. Köhne. Discovered late 1980s as high-performing seedling rootstock in Fuerte orchard; clonal cuttings were then screened for resistance to P. cinnamomi in a mistbed. USPP 32,464; 17 Nov. 2020. Plant: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; young leaves grayed-orange with medium anthocyanin pigmentation. Rootstock performance: cumulative yield greater than Merensky 2 with Hass scion; very P. cinnamomi resistant; salinity resistant.

Merensky 6 (Leola®). Avocado rootstock with high bearing quality and vigor, highly tolerant to Phytophthora cinnamomi. Origin: Westfalia Fruit Estate, Tzaneen, Limpopo Province, South Africa; South African Avocado Growers Association, Tzaneen, by S. Kremer-Köhne and Z. van Rooyen. O.P. from a breeding block, screened for resistance to P. cinnamomi in a mistbed. USPP 32,465; 17 Nov. 2020. Plant: vigorous; growth habit upright; young leaves yellow-green with weak anthocyanin pigmentation. Rootstock performance: yield high with Hass scion; highly tolerant to P. cinnamomi.

Rudo. Avocado rootstock with very high resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi and moderate tolerance to drought. Origin: Nayarit, México, by S. Salazar-García. Mexican race O.P., México State, tested under P. cinnamomi and drought conditions. Mexican PBR 2716; 18 June 2021. Plant: vigor weak; growth habit spreading; internode length short; stems thin; leaves narrow, anise aroma medium, undulation of leaf margin medium. Rootstock performance: generates medium-sized trees; yield good; performs well with Hass and Méndez No. 1; resistance to P. cinnamomi very high; drought tolerance medium.

Salazar. Avocado rootstock with strong tolerance to drought. Origin: INIFAP-Nayarit, by S. Salazar-García and R. Medina-Torres. West Indian race O.P., Zempoala, Veracruz, México, tested under drought conditions. Mexican PBR 2708; 18 June 2021. Plant: vigorous; growth habit upright; internode length long; stems thick; leaf width medium, anise aroma absent, undulation of leaf margin weak. Rootstock performance: generates vigorous trees; performs very well with Hass; yield high, 26.5% more than local rootstocks; drought tolerance high.

SHSR-04. Avocado rootstock with very strong resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi. Origin: South Kolan, Queensland, Australia, by G.H. Green and W.H. Whiley. Discovered 2003 as a seedling rootstock of likely Guatemalan heritage in a grafted Hass orchard with high P. cinnamomi pressure. Australian PBR 6672; 7 June 2022. USPP 33,355; 17 Aug. 2021. Plant: fruit ovoid, rounded at stalk end; young leaves grayed-purple. Rootstock performance: yield high with Hass scion; very P. cinnamomi resistant.

Zerala®. See Merensky 5.

BLACKBERRY

Lacy D. Nelson and Margaret L. Worthington, Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR

16TP4 (Midnight™). Thornless, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, late ripening. Origin: Beekers Berries Breeding, Breda, The Netherlands, by J.A.P. de Jongh. Parentage unknown; discovered 2016. CPVO PBR 57109; 18 Jan. 2021. USPP 31,689; 21 Apr. 2020. Fruit: large, 10-20 g; oblong; glossy; flavor pleasant, moderately sweet, with acidic aftertaste, 9.0-10.5 ºBrix; ripens late, late summer; keeps 7 d; fresh fruit market potential good. Plant: thornless; vigor high; growth habit semi-erect.

A-2454T (Big Daddy™). Thornless, erect, floricane-fruiting, with early production. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J. Clark. Ark. 2252T × Ark. 2255; crossed 2004; selected 2008. USPP 32,965; 13 Apr. 2021. Fruit: midsize, 5.8 g; round; glossy; firm, texture near crisp; fruit fertility excellent, with full drupelet set; flavor very sweet, consistent, low-acid, 11.1 ºBrix, 0.60% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early; postharvest performance excellent; red drupelet reversion very low. Plant: thornless; growth habit erect; plant health excellent; secondary buds have been observed on canes that had bud injury from midwinter low temperatures; cold hardy to -8 ºC; for commercial shipping, local markets, and home gardens.

A-2491T. Thornless, erect, floricane-fruiting, with large, high-quality fruit. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark. APF-46 × Natchez; selected 2009. USPP 33,140; 8 June 2021. Fruit: large, 9.0 g for primary floricane fruit, but smaller later in season, with secondary and tertiary fruit 4.0-5.7 g; overall seasonal fruit size 6.1 g; long conical, with a uniform black finish; consistently firm; fruit fertility excellent, with full drupelet set; flavor consistently excellent; 9.2 ºBrix; 0.89% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early; postharvest performance excellent. Plant: thornless; growth habit erect; yield consistently high; resistant to anthracnose (Elsinoe veneta); cold hardy to -17 ºC; for commercial shipping, local markets, and home gardens.

A-2524T. Thornless, erect, floricane-fruiting, with large, sweet fruit. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark. Ark. 2271T × Ark. 2252T; crossed 2009; selected 2012. USPP 33,701; 30 Nov. 2021. Fruit: large, 7.9 g; elongated; glossy; fruit fertility excellent, with full drupelet set; flavor good, 8.7 ºBrix; 1.10% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; storage potential shorter than for Osage and Natchez due to softer fruit with more leakage. Plant: thornless; vigorous; growth habit erect; yield high; plant health excellent; cold hardy to -17 ºC; for home gardens.

Aketzali. Thorny, erect to semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with midsize fruit. Origin: Black Venture Farm, Los Reyes, Michoacán, Mexico, by M.N. Hewstone Oliger and F.J. Morales Chavez. 1004-Z × H2P8 (both proprietary breeding selections); tested as 2000-182. Mexican PBR 2136; 27 Mar. 2019. USPVP 202000246; 4 June 2021. Fruit: midsize, length 36 mm, diameter 20 mm; oblong; reddish black; ripens midseason. Plant: thorns large; erect to semi-erect; leaf bud burst early; bears on floricanes.

Amelali. Thorny, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with early-ripening fruit. Origin: Black Venture Farm, Los Reyes, Michoacán, Mexico, by M.N. Hewstone Oliger and F.J. Morales Chavez. Parentage undescribed; tested as 601-67. Mexican PBR 2138; 27 Mar. 2019. USPVP 202000247; 28 Sept. 2021. Fruit: midsize, length 27 mm, diameter 18 mm; long conical; bluish-black; ripens early. Plant: thorny; growth habit semi-erect; leaf bud burst early; bears on floricanes.

APF-238T. Thornless, erect, primocane-fruiting, with sweet fruit. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark. APF-27 × APF-77; selected 2009; crossed 2006. USPP 33,329; 10 Aug. 2021. Fruit: midsize, 6.0 g for primocane fruit, 6.5 g for floricane fruit; round with a glossy black finish; fruit fertility excellent, with full drupelet set; flavor sweet, 13.2 ºBrix (floricane) and 12.8 ºBrix (primocane); 1.16% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early. Plant: thornless; growth habit erect; plant health excellent; resistant to anthracnose; cold hardy to -17 ºC; for local markets and home gardens.

APF-268T (Prime-Ark® Horizon). Thorny, erect, primocane-fruiting, with large, flavorful, mid-late-season fruit. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark. Prime-Ark 45 × APF-158; crossed 2008; selected 2010; tested as APF-268; introd. 2020. USPP applied for. Fruit: large, 7.8 g overall, but can be >10 g for floricane fruit; average 7.2 g for primocane fruit; oblong; bright glossy black; flavor consistent, 9.6 ºBrix; 0.99% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid in primocane fruit and 0.79% in floricane fruit; ripens midseason; postharvest performance good. Plant: thorny; growth habit erect; primocane fruit and flowers are borne on the cane terminus or on lateral branches if primocanes are tipped, and fruiting continues down the primocane during the season; cold hardy to -17 ºC.

Big Daddy™. See A-2454T.

Black Sultana®. See Plablack 15157.

BWP FNZ6VB. See FNZ-6VB.

BWP FNZ8VB. See FNZ-8VB.

Delaney™. See DrisBlackTwentyThree.

DrisBlackEighteen (Letizia™). Thornless, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with flavorful midsize fruit. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, P. Jimenez, M.F. Crusha, and A.M. Pabon. DrisBlackTwo × BH936.7; selected 2007. USPP 31,110; 26 Nov. 2019. Fruit: midsize, 5.6 g; elliptic; ripens early, 1 Feb. to 5 Aug.; keeps 7 d. Plant: thornless; growth habit semi-erect; breaks dormancy earlier than similar cultivars; resistant to fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum), moderately resistant to powdery mildew (Podosphaera macularis); susceptible to redberry mite (Acalitus essigi) and verticillium wilt (Verticillium spp.); winter hardiness, drought tolerance, and heat tolerance moderate.

DrisBlackNineteen (Paulina™). Thorny, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, vigorous, productive, bearing flavorful fruit with good fruit shelf life. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, M.F. Crusha, and M.B. Romero Escobedo. DrisBlackFive × BL481.3; selected 2011 in Los Reyes, Michoacán, Mexico. USPP 31,825; 2 June 2020. Fruit: midsize, length 29.2 mm, diameter 21.1 mm, 9.1 g; ovate; 14.7 ºBrix; 0.96% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early, 21 Sept. to 15 Dec. in Central Mexico; keeps 8 d; fresh market potential good. Plant: thorny; growth habit semi-erect; anthocyanin coloration on young shoots during rapid growth absent or very weak; glandular hairs on young shoots absent or few; resistant to fusarium wilt.

DrisBlackSeventeen (Rebeca™). Thorny, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with high vigor and yield. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, M.F. Crusha, M.B. Romero Escobedo, A.M. Pabon, and J. Rodriguez Alcazar. BJ106.3 × Bulk A (both proprietary selections); discovered 2009 in Ventura County, CA. USPP 31,291; 31 Dec. 2019. Fruit: midsize, length 30.9 mm, diameter 27.7 mm; ovate; 11.7 ºBrix; 1.37% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens December to January in Central Mexico. Plant: thorny; vigorous; growth habit semi-erect; yield high; moderately susceptible to fusarium wilt and redberry mite; resistant to heat and waterlogging; moderately resistant to drought; adapted to Central Mexico.

DrisBlackTwenty (Laurita™). Thornless, erect to semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, vigorous, and productive. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, M.F. Crusha, and M.B. Romero Escobedo. BN843.2 × BL481.3; selected 2011 in Los Reyes, Michoacán, Mexico. USPP 31,826; 2 June 2020. Fruit: midsize, length 33.4 mm, diameter 26.1 mm, 9.2 g; ovate; 16.2 ºBrix; 0.93% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early, 24 Sept. to 31 Dec. in Central Mexico; fresh market potential good. Plant: thornless, spines absent on dormant canes; glandular hairs on young shoots absent or few; vigor high; growth habit erect to semi-erect; yield high; moderately susceptible to spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) and powdery mildew; resistant to fusarium wilt.

DrisBlackTwentyFour (Valeria™). Thorny, erect, primocane-fruiting, with flavorful midsize fruit. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, Y. Wang, M.F. Crusha, and J. Fangary. BQ948.1 × DrisBlackThirteen; selected 2013 in Santa Cruz, CA. USPP 33,088; 25 May 2021. Fruit: length 30.8 mm, diameter 25.3 mm; elliptic; ripens mid-June to early August in coastal Central California; fresh market potential good. Plant: thorny; growth habit erect; resistant to fusarium wilt; moderately resistant to redberry mite.

DrisBlackTwentyOne. Thorny, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with high vigor and yield. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, M.F. Crusha, and M.B. Romero Escobedo. DrisBlackFive × BM656.4; selected 2011 in Los Reyes, Michoacán, Mexico. USPP 32,268; 6 Oct. 2020. Fruit: midsize, length 35.7 mm, diameter 24.6 mm, 9.5 g; ovate; 15.2 ºBrix; 0.92% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early, harvest early October to mid-June in Ciudad Guzman, Jalisco, Mexico; shelf life good, keeps 8 d; fresh market potential good. Plant: thorny; growth habit semi-erect; anthocyanin coloration on dormant canes absent or very weak; glandular hairs on young shoots absent or few; resistant to fusarium wilt. Not currently being commercialized.

DrisBlackTwentyThree (Delaney™). Thornless, floricane-fruiting, with high vigor and yield. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, Y. Wang, M.F. Crusha, and J. Fangary. BN864.2 × DrisBlackEighteen; selected 2012 in Santa Cruz, CA. USPP 33,067; 18 May 2021. Fruit: midsize, length 31.3 mm, diameter 24.2 mm; elliptic; ripens June to August on Central California coast; fresh market potential good. Plant: growth habit erect; anthocyanin coloration during rapid growth on young shoots medium; resistant to fusarium wilt.

DrisBlackTwentyTwo (Nigel™). Thornless, primocane-fruiting, vigorous, bearing flavorful fruit. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by G.R. Sills, Y. Wang, M.F. Crusha, and J. Fangary. DrisBlackSix × BN809.2; selected 2012 in Santa Cruz, CA. USPP 33,068; 18 May 2021. Fruit: length 30.9 mm, diameter 25.4 mm; elliptic; ripens June to August on Central California coast; fresh market potential good. Plant: thornless; growth habit erect; anthocyanin coloration on young shoots during rapid growth medium; plant health good; resistant to fusarium wilt; moderately resistant to verticillium wilt and redberry mite.

EXPB3181 (Sweet Karoline®). Primocane-fruiting, with early-ripening, excellent fruit. Origin: Expoberries, Los Reyes, Michoacán, Mexico, by J.M. Rodriguez Mesa. Kiowa × SP709; crossed 2013; selected 2014. Mexican PBR 2089; 17 Dec. 2018. USPP 32,907; 23 Mar. 2021. Fruit: midsize, 8.0 g; ovate; very glossy; very firm; 18.0 ºBrix; ripens early, November to January in Michoacán; fresh market potential good. Plant: thorns minimal; vigor medium; growth habit semi-erect; productivity medium; resistant to leaf rust.

Fenomenal. See PBB 1616T.

FNZ-6VB (BWP FNZ6VB). Thorny, floricane-fruiting, with flavorful, early-ripening fruit. Origin: Berry World Plus, Faversham, Kent, United Kingdom, by P. Vinson. Waldo × Karaka Black; selected 2013. CPVO PBR 58709; 7 June 2021. USPP 31,446; 18 Feb. 2020. Fruit: medium-large, 7.4 g; oblong; flavor consistent, 14.0 ºBrix; 1.09% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early; fresh fruit market potential good. Plant: thorny; growth habit spreading; blooms early.

FNZ-8VB (BWP FNZ8VB). Thornless, floricane-fruiting, with firm, flavorful midseason fruit. Origin: Berry World Plus, Faversham, Kent, United Kingdom, by P. Vinson. Waldo × Karaka Black; selected 2013. CPVO PBR 58710; 7 June 2021. USPP 31,446; 25 Feb. 2020. Fruit: medium-large, 8.1 g; oblong; glossiness medium; flavor consistent, 13.0 ºBrix; 1.02% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens midseason; keeps 7 d; fresh fruit market potential good. Plant: thornless; growth habit spreading.

Jandrie. Thornless, erect to semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with large, early-ripening fruit. Origin: Royakkers Explore, Kinrooi, Belgium, by J. Royakkers. Parentage unknown; selected 2017. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,838; 11 Jan. 2022. USPVP applied for. Fruit: large, 12.0 g; long conical; glossy; firm; very sweet, acidity low; ripens very early; postharvest handling excellent, keeps 7-8 d. Plant: thornless; growth habit erect to semi-erect; yield high due to long harvest season; internodes shorter than in Loch Ness; no susceptibility to downy mildew observed.

Laurita™. See DrisBlackTwenty.

Letizia™. See DrisBlackEighteen.

MM01. Slightly thorny, erect, primocane-fruiting blackberry with flavorful, medium-large fruit. Origin: Freedom, CA, by M. Aguas-Alvarado. APF-45 × Navaho; tested as MA10-05. USPP 31,292; 31 Dec. 2019. Fruit: midsize, 8.2 g; round; glossy black; flavor very good, sweet and mildly acidic, with a distinct blackberry aroma; 9.9 ºBrix; postharvest reddening moderate; ripens early. Plant: slightly thorny; vigor high; growth habit erect; productivity high; produces heavy primocane crop and economically viable floricane crop; adaptable to multiple microclimates.

Midnight™. See 16TP4.

Nigel™. See DrisBlackTwentyTwo.

Paulina™. See DrisBlackNineteen.

PBB 1616T (marketed as Fenomenal, but distinct from Phenomenal hybrid blackberry bred by Luther Burbank). Thornless, erect, primocane-fruiting, with midsize, early-ripening fruit. Origin: Pacific Berry Breeding, Salinas, CA, by E. Thompson. Parentage unknown; selected 2016. USPP 33,721; 7 Dec. 2021. Fruit: midsize, 6.3 g; shape blocky; skin and flesh very firm; color reversion low; 11.3 ºBrix; 0.6% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; ripens early, 25 May on floricanes, 15 Aug. on primocanes; keeping and shipping quality excellent. Plant: thornless; growth habit erect; tolerant to Agrobacterium tumefaciens, powdery mildew, and Botrytis; susceptible to downy mildew (Peronospora sparsa) under cool, wet springtime conditions; for fresh market shipping.

Plablack 1401. Thorny, erect, primocane-fruiting, with midsize fruit that ripens early. Origin: Plantas de Navarra (Planasa), Valtierra, Navarra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 13.01R.153 × 10.04.05; tested as 14.01R.28 in Segovia, Spain. CPVO PBR application withdrawn. USPP 31,195; 10 Dec. 2019. Fruit: midsize, length 37-43 mm, diameter 27-31 mm; oblong; glossy black; firmness medium; ripens early; shelf life medium. Plant: thorny; growth habit erect; vigor high; bears on both floricanes in autumn and primocanes in spring; production on primocanes consistent; anthocyanin coloration of dormant canes weak.

Plablack 15157 (Black Sultana®). Thorny, primocane-fruiting, with pinkish flower petals. Origin: Plantas de Navarra (Planasa), Valtierra, Navarra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14:101R × 13-135R (both proprietary breeding selections). CPVO PBR 60448; 7 Mar. 2022. USPP 33,226; 6 July 2021. Fruit: midsize, 11.0 g; elliptic to narrow oblate; firm; 12.0 ºBrix; shelf life medium-high. Plant: thorny; vigor high; growth habit upright; yield high; flower petals pinkish; anthocyanin coloration of dormant canes absent or very weak; for fresh markets or processing.

Ponca. Thornless, semi-erect, floricane-fruiting, with flavorful, early-ripening fruit. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark. A-2253T × A-2406; crossed 2008; selected 2012; tested as A-2538T; introd. 2019. USPP 33,330; 10 Aug. 2021. Fruit: midsize, 6.2-6.8 g; round; glossy, even coloration; fertility high, resulting in uniform drupelet set; flavor consistent, 13.4 ºBrix; 0.54% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; postharvest performance good; ripens early. Plant: thornless; growth habit semi-erect; secondary buds in upper portion of canopy extend harvest, as secondary fruits ripen 2-3 weeks after first harvest of primary fruit; cold hardy to -17 ºC.

Prime-Ark® Horizon. See APF268-T.

Rebeca™. See DrisBlackSeventeen.

Sweet Karoline®. See EXPB3181.

Valentina. Thornless, semi-erect, primocane-fruiting with sweet, midsize fruit. Origin: Hortifrut, Santiago, Chile, by M.P. Banados and N. Torres. A-2445 × APF-186T; crossed 2010; selected 2013. CPVO PBR 57359; granted and terminated 15 Feb. 2021. USPP application abandoned. Fruit: midsize, 8.0-11.0 g; consistently firm with a soft receptacle, giving a melting sensation in the mouth; pleasant, aromatic, sweet, 13.7 ºBrix; 0.90% titratable acidity expressed as citric acid; red drupelet reversion very low. Plant: vigor medium; yield high on both primocanes and floricanes; chilling requirement low, primocanes can flower and fruit without any chill hours; for fresh markets; cold hardy to -3 ºC.

Valeria™. See DrisBlackTwentyFour.

Willamette Thornless Marion. Thornless mutation of Marion. Origin: Woodburn, OR, by E. Kimlinger. Natural mutation of Marion discovered on a single primocane in 2005. USPP 28,309; 22 Aug. 2017. Fruit: small, 3.75 g; oblong; bright glossy black; soft when ripe; flavor tart-sweet, same as Marion; 12.3 ºBrix; titratable acidity expressed as citric acid 1.47%; ripens midsummer. Plant: thornless; growth habit trailing; primocane fruiting; nearly identical to Marion in all ways except for its thornlessness; main use for IQF, puree for ice cream, and juice products.

BLUE HONEYSUCKLE

Jill M. Bushakra, USDA-ARS, National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, OR

Boreal Beast. Late blooming with aromatic fruit suitable for processing and mechanical harvesting. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, by R.H. Bors. Best 2 (Kiev #7 × Tomichka) × MT46-55 (50% Japanese, 25% Russian, 25% Kurile); crossed 2004; tested as 16.16.9.25. Canadian PBR applied for. Fruit: 1.86-2.06 g; thick heart or thick oval; firm; bloom heavy; 15.6 °Brix; total acidity 1.98. Plant: growth habit upright, vigorous; flowers late June, between Boreal Blizzard and Boreal Beauty; pollinizer for Boreal Beauty; resistance to powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca spp.) excellent.

Boreal Beauty. Late-ripening fruit suitable for mechanical harvesting. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, by R.H. Bors. 6-16-30 × 6-25-52 (37.5% Japanese, 37.5% Russian, 25% Kurile), crossed 2010. Canadian PBR applied for. Tested as 21-12-11.5; introd. 2016. Fruit: average 2.6 g (maximum 3.7 g); thick heart or thick oval; firm; bloom heavy; 16.9 °Brix; total acidity 1.87. Plant: growth habit upright, sturdy, vigorous; pollinizer for Boreal Beast; resistance to powdery mildew excellent.

Boreal Blizzard. Large fruit suitable for fresh market. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, by R.H. Bors. Solovey × MT (50% Russian, 50% Japanese); crossed 2007; selected 2012; tested as 22-06-25.5. Canadian PBR 5749; 4 June 2018. Fruit: average 2.8 g (max 3.9 g); narrow elliptic in cross section, obovate in lateral view, calyx end rounded; bloom medium; 13.3 °Brix; pH 3.3; total acidity 1.08% malic equivalent. Plant: vigor medium to strong, growth habit semi-upright, branching medium; bud burst midseason; resistance to sunscald and powdery mildew excellent.

Dolce Vita (Sugar Mountain® Blue). Flowers very early, strong, vigorous plants with large, sweet fruit and good characteristics for mechanical harvesting. Origin: Vlckov, Czech Republic, by F. Krejci. Selected 2001 from seedlings from a cross between unnamed seedlings made 1998. Canadian PBR application withdrawn. Fruit: width 8.3 cm; broad elliptic in cross section, narrow oblong in lateral view, calyx end rounded; bloom strong. Plant: vigor strong, growth habit semi-upright, shape rounded, branching strong, bud burst very early; no noticeable disease or pest issues.

Honey Bee: Pollinizer for Borealis, Tundra, and Indigo haskaps, with excellent mildew resistance. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, by R.H. Bors. Suvenir × Blue Pacific (F-1-9-58); crossed 2006; selected 2009. Canadian PBR 5750; 4 June 2018. Fruit: broad elliptic to circular in cross section, ovate in lateral view, tip present, calyx end rounded to truncate; length 2.3 cm; bloom medium. Plant: vigor strong, growth habit upright, branching weak, bud burst early to midseason; mildew resistance excellent.

Maxines Opus. Japanese haskap with wide, vigorous growth, large, elliptical-shaped fruits with sweet/tart taste, ripening midseason. Origin: M.M. Thompson, Corvallis, OR. MT 84-105 × MT 65-18; selected 2012. USPP 30,550; 4 June 2019. Fruit: length 2.3 cm, width 1.5 cm, 2.2 g; elliptical; surface smooth with white bloom; firmness medium; 15.2 °Brix; ripens midseason, 27 May to June 5 in Corvallis. Plant: wide, vigorous, spreading.

Sugar Mountain® Blue. See Dolce Vita.

Taka. Japanese haskap with upright and spreading habit, high yield, and excellent pest and disease resistance. Origin: M.M. Thompson, Corvallis, OR. Keiko × MT 20-04; crossed 2004; selected as MT 91-95 in 2007. USPP 26,707; 10 May 2016. Fruit: length 2.1 cm, width 1.3 cm, 1.6 g; cylindrical; bloom heavy; firmness medium; 14.3 °Brix; ripens 16 June in Corvallis; shelf life long. Plant: growth habit upright spreading, vigor moderate, yield high; flowers frost tolerant; no noticeable disease or pest issues.

Tana. Japanese haskap with upright and spreading habit, high yield, and excellent pest and disease resistance. Origin: M.M. Thompson, Corvallis, OR. MT 20-27 × MT 21-17; crossed 2004; selected as MT 67-95 in 2007. USPP 26,706; 10 May 2016. Fruit: length 2.1 cm, width 1.5 cm, 1.6 g; oval; bloom heavy; firmness medium; juiciness low; 13 °Brix; ripens 25 June in Corvallis; shelf life long. Plant: growth habit upright spreading, vigor moderate, yield high; flowers frost tolerant; no noticeable disease or pest issues.

BLUEBERRY

Mark K. Ehlenfeldt, USDA-ARS, P.E. Marucci Center for Blueberry & Cranberry Research and Extension, Chatsworth, NJ

Alpha. See BB05-35FL-10.

Apolo. See BB06-126VC-4.

ArabellaBlue®. See FC14-062.

Ava®. See TH-1797.

AzraBlue®. See FCM14-031.

BB05-259MI-15. Productive, high-chill, late-midseason northern highbush. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler and J.F. Hancock. Brigitta Blue × Ozarkblue; crossed 2005; selected 2010. USPP 32,574; 8 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large; light blue; very firm; ripens late-midseason. Plant: vigorous; medium upright; very productive; fruit well exposed.

BB05-268MI-152. Productive, high-chill, late-midseason northern highbush. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler and J.F. Hancock. Draper × Ozarkblue; crossed 2005; selected 2010. USPP 32,575; 8 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large; medium blue; very firm. Plant: vigorous; medium upright; fruit well exposed.

BB05-35FL-10 (Alpha). Productive low-chill, early season southern highbush. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler and J.F. Hancock. Star × Emerald; crossed 2005; selected 2008. USPP 31,231; 17 Dec. 2019. Fruit: firm; texture medium crunchy; flavor has pleasing balance of sweetness and acidity; ripens early; storability 2-3 weeks. Plant: very vigorous; medium upright; number of upright canes and lateral branches medium; crown size medium; leafing and growth excellent; productivity outstanding in Florida, Georgia (USA), and Chile.

BB06-126VC-4 (Apolo). Productive early-ripening medium-chill southern highbush. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler, J.F. Hancock, and M.P Banados. Camellia × Rebel; crossed 2006; selected 2011. USPP 31,648; 14 Apr. 2020. Fruit: very large, 2.9 g; very firm, crunchy, juicy; flavor very good, with balanced sugar and acidity. Plant: vigor very good; medium upright; crown small; yield potential very good; fruit well-exposed.

BB06-343Ml-16. High-chill northern highbush suitable for mechanical harvest. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler and J.F. Hancock. Draper × Cara’s Choice; crossed 2006; selected 2011. USPP 31,524; 10 Mar. 2020. Fruit: large; medium blue; very firm; very juicy; texture crunchy; flavor very good, with a good balance of sweetness and acidity; fruit clusters loose; ripening concentrated; easily detachable. Plant: vigorous; medium upright; crown small; fruit well exposed; suitable for mechanical harvest.

BB06-426Ml-84. High-chill northern highbush suitable for mechanical harvest. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler and J.F. Hancock. Draper × Bluecrop; crossed 2006; selected 2012. USPP 31,257; 24 Dec. 2019. Fruit: large; oblate; medium blue; bloom medium waxy, moderately persistent following handling; firm; very juicy; medium crunchy; flavor very good, with a good balance of sweetness and acidity; fruit cluster loose; ripening concentrated; easily detachable. Plant: vigorous; upright; midsize; crown small; fruit well exposed; suitable for mechanical harvest.

BB07-249GA-3 (Candy Crunch). Productive, early ripening low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler and J.F. Hancock. Gupton × Sweetcrisp; crossed 2007; selected 2010. USPP 33,110; 1 June 2021. Fruit: large; medium blue; very firm; ripens early. Plant: vigorous; slightly spreading; fruit well exposed; very productive.

BB15-214PO-3. High-quality no-chill highbush selected in tropical area of Peru. Origin: Berry Blue, Grand Junction, MI, by E.J. Wheeler, J.F. Hancock, and M.P Banados. BB07-249GA-3 (Candy Crunch) × BB06-538MX-2; crossed 2015; selected 2017. USPP 33,111; 1 June 2021. Fruit: midsize; medium blue; firm; very juicy; crunchy; eating quality excellent; very low-acid; sugar/acidity balance 40-50; time of fruit production can be regulated by pruning date and environment conditions. Plant: upright; no chilling needed for either budbreak or fruit production.

Beijue (北爵 = “Northern Duke”). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh market. Origin: Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China, by H. Sun, Y. Li, and L. Chen. Duke × Bluecrop; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F32. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 3.3 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar small, dry; firm; stores very well; sweet, 9.6 oBrix; ripens mid-early. Plant: vigorous; round to open; high yielding; ripening concentrated; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

Biyu (碧玉 = “Jade”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh market. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, G. Xu, Y Chen, and Y. Wang. Patriot O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 339. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200184. Fruit: very large, 3.2 g; oblate; light blue; firm; flavor good, sweetness high, acidity low; ripens mid-June; stores well. Plant: vigor medium; round to upright; bloom time medium; cluster density medium; productivity high; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Blucille™. See TH-906.

Blue Duchess™. See TH-1876.

Blue Madeira®. See Plablue 1502.

Blue Maldiva®. See Plablue 1542.

Blue Malibu®. See Plablue 15122.

Blue Manila®. See Plablue 1545.

Blue Marina®. See Plablue 1549.

Blue Masirah®. See Plablue 1525.

Candy Crunch. See BB07-249GA-3.

Carlotta. See DrisBlueSeventeen.

Corrina. See DrisBlueNineteen.

Dongjue (东爵 = “Eastern Duke”). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh markets. Origin: Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China, by H. Sun, Y. Li, and L. Chen. Duke × Bluecrop; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F24. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 2.7 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar dry; firm; sweet, 13.7 oBrix; ripens very early; stores very well. Plant: vigorous; round to open; flowers early; high yielding; harvest concentrated; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

DrisBlueEighteen. Mid-chill, midseason highbush with high yields. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.K. Caster and J.K. Izzo. 136D 2 × 181C 1. USPP 31,649; 14 Apr. 2020. Fruit. large; firm; sweet; harvest concentrated, early midseason. Plant. vigorous; upright; productive.

DrisBlueNineteen (Corrina). Low-chill southern highbush particularly suited for evergreen production in low latitudes. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.D. Mowrey, E. Kibbe, M.C. Baptista, A. Garcia, J.K. Izzo, and B.K. Caster. DrisBlueSeven × 193C 4. USPP 31,698; 28 Apr. 2020. Fruit: medium to large; firm; sweet; juicy; fruit bloom medium persistent. Plant: very vigorous; upright; fruits on both current season and one-year-old canes; susceptible to Botryosphaeria stem blight.

DrisBlueSeventeen (Carlotta). Mid-chill highbush producing very large fruit. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.K. Caster and J.K. Izzo. 136D 2 × 8B 4. USPP 31,650; 14 Apr. 2020. Fruit: very large; bloom heavy, attractive; firm; flavor balanced sweet/tart. Plant: vigor medium; semi-upright; ripens midseason.

DrisBlueSixteen. No-chill southern highbush that flowers and fruits on current-season growth. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.D. Mowrey, B.K. Caster, J.K. Izzo, and M.C. Baptista. 127D 2 × DrisBlueOne. USPP 31,685; 21 Apr. 2021. Fruit: large; bloom heavy; flavor good; calyx very upright. Plant. vigor high; upright; production high on current season’s growth.

DrisBlueTwenty. Mid- to late-season, high-chill northern highbush with premium fruit quality. Origin. Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.K. Caster, J.K. Izzo, B.D. Mowrey, and M.C. Baptista. G-455 × MS-122. USPP 32,744; 12 Jan. 2021. Fruit: medium to large; bloom heavy and persistent; firm; sweet; flavor aromatic. Plant: vigorous; upright; tending to retain leaves in autumn.

DrisBlueTwentyFive. Mid-chill, early-season highbush selected for sweet flavor, large fruit size, and improved postharvest storage. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.K. Caster, J.K. Izzo, B.D. Mowrey, and M.C. Baptista. 90E 2 × 10E 1; selected 2011. USPP 33,718; 7 Dec. 2021. Fruit: large; sweet; postharvest storage improved; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium; upright to spreading; chilling requirement ∼700 h.

DrisBlueTwentyOne. Mid-chill, high-yielding highbush. Origin. Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.K. Caster and J.K. Izzo. 136D 2 × 181C 1. USPP 32,267; 6 Oct. 2020. Fruit: medium to large; round; light blue; firm; flavor sweet; ripens midseason to late midseason. Plant: vigorous; semi-upright; yield high.

DrisBlueTwentyThree. Low-chill southern highbush particularly suited for evergreen production in low latitudes. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.D. Mowrey, E. Kibbe, M.C. Baptista, R.L. Jacobs III, S. Wool, and J. Olmstead. 196H 3 × 75J301. USPP 32,876; 9 Mar. 2021. Fruit: large; firm; texture crisp; juicy; aromatic; flavor sweet. Plant: vigor medium; semi-upright; fruits on both current season and one-year-old canes.

DrisBlueTwentyTwo. Low-chill southern highbush particularly suited for evergreen production in low latitudes. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.D. Mowrey, E. Kibbe, M.C. Baptista, R.L. Jacobs III, S. Wool, and J. Olmstead. 196H 3 × 7J301. USPP 33,066; 18 May 2021. Fruit: large; firm; crisp; flavor balanced, sweet/tart. Plant: vigorous; semi-upright; fruits on both current season and one-year-old canes.

Durui (都瑞 = “Auspicious City”). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh market. Origin: Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China, by Y. Li, H. Sun, and L. Chen. Duke × Bluecrop; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F17. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: midsize, 2.03 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar very small; firm; ripening concentrated, early; stores very well. Plant: vigorous; round to open; blooms early; high yielding; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

Early Duchess™. See TH-1334.

Eureka Gold. See Ridley1702.

FC11-118 (LoretoBlue®). Mid-late-season northern highbush for hand or machine harvest for fresh market; mid/high chill. Origin: Fall Creek Farm and Nursery, Lowell, OR, by P.S. Boches. ZF05-086 × Cargo; crossed 2007; selected 2011. USPP 33,897; 25 Jan. 2022. Fruit: 16-18 mm; medium blue; firm; sweet/acid balance good; harvest concentrated. Plant: vigor medium; semi-upright; leafy; yield competitive with Cargo and ZF08-070 (Valor®).

FC12-029 (Sapphire Cascade®). Ornamental, suitable for hanging baskets. Origin: Conrad-Pyle Company, West Grove, PA by D.M. Brazelton, A.L. Wagner, and P.S. Boches. NC-4339 × ZF09-246; crossed 2010; selected 2012. USPP 32,183; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: small; round; black; firmness medium; very tart; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor moderate; mounded to weeping; foliage medium green; inflorescence white; chilling requirement ∼450 h.

FC12-187 (Midnight Cascade®). Ornamental cultivar suitable for hanging baskets. Origin: Conrad-Pyle Company, West Grove, PA by D.M. Brazelton and A.L. Wagner. NC-4339 × ZF09-233; crossed 2010; selected 2012. USPP 32,185; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: midsize; round; deep blue; firmness medium; tart; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor moderate; growth habit mounded to weeping; foliage medium green; inflorescence white; chilling requirement ∼450 h.

FC12-205 (LunaBlue®). Late-season northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Fall Creek Farm and Nursery, Lowell, OR, by P.S. Boches. ZF06-103 × ZF06-264; crossed 2008; selected 2012. USPP 33,870; 18 Jan. 2022. Fruit: 16 mm; uniform; light blue; firm; sweet; aromatic; heat-tolerant. Plant: vigor high; semi-upright; yield competitive with Aurora and Last Call; chilling requirement mid/high.

FC14-062 (ArabellaBlue®). Early-midseason northern highbush for hand or machine harvest for fresh markets; mid/high chill. Origin: Fall Creek Farm and Nursery, Lowell, OR, by P.S. Boches. Blue Ribbon × FC10-069; crossed 2011; selected 2014. USPP 33,871; 18 Jan. 2022. Fruit: 18-21 mm; light blue; firm; highly aromatic and sweet; long-term storage superior. Plant: vigor high; semi-upright; yield superior to Duke and Draper.

FCM14-031 (AzraBlue®). Early-season southern highbush for fresh markets, using no-chill evergreen production. Origin: Fall Creek Farm and Nursery, Lowell, OR, by A.A. Bermudo and P.S. Boches. FL00-180 × FL01-06; crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP applied for. Fruit: 21-24 mm; medium blue; firm; mildly aromatic; long-term storage superior. Plant: vigor medium-high; round; yield superior to FCM12-131 (JupiterBlue®).

FL98-423. Very-low-chill southern highbush. Origin: University of Florida, Gainesville, by P.M. Lyrene. FL95-52 × Santa Fe; crossed 1995; selected 1998. USPP 27,325; 1 Nov. 2016. Fruit: large; firm; sweet. Plant: upright; chilling requirement very low.

Flamingo. See Hoogi045.

FLR12-11. Low-chill southern highbush. Origin: University of Florida, Gainesville, by S. Ponson, J.W. Olmstead, J.C. Marcaillou, P.R. Munoz Del Valle, and J. Kouadio. Snowchaser × Emerald; crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP 33,013; 4 May 2021. Fruit: large; firm; aromatic. Plant: semi-upright; chilling requirement low.

FLR12-89. Low-chill southern highbush. Origin: University of Florida, Gainesville, by S. Ponson, J.W. Olmstead; J.C. Marcaillou, Jean Clement, P.R. Munoz Del Valle, and J. Kouadio. Snowchaser selfed; crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP 33,200; 29 June 2021. Fruit: large; firm. Plant: semi-upright; chilling requirement low.

FLR14-372. Low-chill southern highbush. Origin: University of Florida, Gainesville, by S. Ponson, J.W. Olmstead; J.C. Marcaillou, P.R. Munoz Del Valle, and J. Kouadio. Snowchaser × FL04-174 ; crossed 2014; selected 2015. USPP 33,225; 6 July 2021. Fruit: firm; crunchy; sweet; aromatic; ripens early. Plant: semi-upright; chilling requirement low.

Frostberry Delight®. See T-460.

Gladiator™. See TH-1872.

Hewo No. 1 (禾沃1号). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh market. Origin: Rizhao Hewo Agriculture Developing Co., Rizhao, Shandong Province, China, by Y. Li and C. Li. Duke × Bluecrop; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F25. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 3.1 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar very small, deep and dry; firm; sweet, 14.5 oBrix; flavor and texture excellent; stores very well; ripening concentrated, early. Plant: vigorous; round to open; blooms early; yield high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

Hewo No. 2 (禾沃2号). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh market. Origin: Rizhao Hewo Agriculture Developing Co., Rizhao, Shandong Province, China, by Y. Li and C. Li. Bluecrop × Duke; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F35. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 2.8 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar very deep and dry; sweet, 9.8 oBrix; harvest concentrated, medium-early. Plant: vigorous; round to open; yield high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

Hewo No. 3 (禾沃3号). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh market. Origin: Rizhao Hewo Agriculture Developing Co., Rizhao, Shandong Province, China, by Y. Li and C. Li. Duke × Bluecrop; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F26. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 3.20 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar very deep and dry; sweet, 9.2 oBrix; harvest concentrated, medium-early. Plant: vigorous; upright; yield high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

Hoogi045 (Flamingo). Ornamental variegated northern highbush. Origin: M.S. Hoogenraad, Ederveen, the Netherlands. Chance seedling in a nursery bed, likely Bluecrop O.P.; discovered 2011. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,768; 19 May 2020. Fruit: small; round; waxy; sweet. Plant: upright, height ∼1 m; spreading; foliage variegated bright pink, salmon pink and green when young; variegated with creamy white and green when mature.

Jesse®. See TH-931.

Kalinda. See MG11543-23-004.

Katahdin. Midseason northern highbush for fresh market. Origin: Michigan State University, East Lansing, by J. Hancock. MSU 46 × Draper; crossed 2004; selected 2009; tested as MSU96. USPP 32,110; 25 Aug. 2020. Fruit: large; medium blue; picking scar small, dry; firm; flavor good. Plant: vigor high; yield high; very winter hardy.

Lanjing (蓝鲸 = “Blue Whale”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh market. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by L. Zhao, H. Wang, G. Xu, and G. Liu. Bluegold O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 437. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200272. Fruit: 2.0 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar small; firm; medium sweet; flavor good; moderately aromatic; ripening concentrated in late June; fruit can be picked in bunches. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; clusters dense; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Lanmanao (蓝玛瑙 = “Blue Onyx”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, G. Xu, Y. Wang, and Y Chen. Blueray O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 580. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200257; 21 Dec. 2020. Fruit: 1.5 g; round; light blue; picking scar small; firm; flavor good; sweetness high, acidity low; ripening concentrated, mid-June; stores well. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster density medium; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Liandazhi (连大之海 = “DLU Ocean”). Early-midseason northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, L. Lei, Q. An, D. Wang, H. Peng, X. Wu, and H. Wang. Nui O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 565. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200258; 21 Dec. 2020. Fruit: very large, 3.5 g; oblate; dark blue; picking scar small, dry; very firm; very crunchy; flavor good; ripens ∼1st week July; stores well. Plant: vigorous; round; blooms early; cluster density loose; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Liandazhichun (连大之春 = “DLU Spring”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, L. Lei, X. Wu, X. Fu, X. Lou, H. Peng, and H. Wang. Sunrise O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 140. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200273; 21 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large, 2.7 g; oblate; light blue; firmness medium; flavor good; sweetness high; acidity medium; ripens late June in Liaoning Province. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster dense; productivity high; requires cross-pollination; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Liandazhixia (连大之夏 = “DLU Summer”). Midseason northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, L. Luo, L. Lei, X. Lou, Q. An, H. Peng, and H. Wang. Toro O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 350. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200185; 21 Dec. 2020. Fruit: very large, 3.5 g; oblate; medium blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness medium; flavor good; acidity low; ripens early July; stores well. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster density medium; recommended for machine or hand harvest; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Lieyan (猎艳 = “Flame”). Very early-season ornamental highbush for home gardens and landscapes. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang and G. Xu. Vaccinium reticulatum O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao X001. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200088; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: very small, 0.2 g; round; yellow and red; picking scar small; medium firm; flavor mild; ripens mid-May in Liaoning Province. Plant: vigor medium; round to upright; blooms early; cluster density loose; productivity medium.

Lingnanjiabao (岭南嘉宝 = “CLS Garbo”). Early-season southern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Liu, H. Wang. Gulfcoast O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao S29. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200087; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: 1.7 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar small; firm; flavor good; sweet; aroma medium. Plant: vigorous; round; flowers midseason; cluster density medium; productivity medium; recommended for machine harvest; requires cross-pollination.

Lingnanxianfeng (岭南先锋 = “CLS Pioneer”). Early-season southern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, Q. An, H. Wang, X. Lou, K. Zhou, and L. Gao. Gulfcoast O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao S19. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200096; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: 2.5 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar small, dry; firm; flavor good; sweetness medium. Plant: vigorous; round; blooms midseason; cluster density loose; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination.

Lingnanzhixuan (岭南智选 = “CLS Wisdom”). Early-season southern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, L. Lei, L. Gao, H. Wang, X. Wu, and K. Zhou. Gulfcoast O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao S20. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200092; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: 2.0 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar small, dry; firm; flavor good; acidity medium. Plant: vigor medium; round to upright; blooms midseason; cluster density loose; productivity medium; recommended for machine or hand harvest.

Lingwu (岭雾 = “CLN Mist”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, G. Xu, C. Jiang, G. Liu, L. Zhao, R. Gao, and Y. Gu. Patriot O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 300. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200089; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: large, 3.0 g; oblate; medium blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness medium; flavor good, sweet, aromatic; ripens late June in Liaoning Province. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster density medium; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Lingxue (岭雪 = “CLN Snow”). Midseason northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, G. Xu, R. Gao, and G. Liu. Sierra O.P., sown 2010, selected 2015; tested as Senmao 404. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200090; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: 2.7 g; round; light blue; picking scar dry; firmness medium; flavor good; sweetness high; crisp; aromatic; ripens early July in Liaoning Province. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster density medium; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

LoretoBlue™. See FC11-118.

LunaBlue™. See FC12-205.

Madeira. See Plablue 1502.

Maldiva. See Plablue 1542.

Malibu. See Plablue 15122.

Manila. See Plablue 1545.

Marina. See Plablue 1549.

Masirah. See Plablue 1525.

Maverick™. See TH-1493.

MG09768-05-002. Midseason hybrid of northern and southern highbush cultivars with large berries of excellent flavor. Origin: Mountain Blue High Chill, Victoria, Australia, by R. Bell and J. Deveson. Magnolia × Caroline Blue; crossed 2009; selected 2016; tested as MG0978-05-002. USPP 32,349; 20 Oct. 2020. Fruit: 2.8 g; bloom good; picking scar small; firm; sweet, 14.2 °Brix, acidity medium to high; ripens midseason; suited to fresh markets; not suited to machine harvesting. Plant: vigorous; upright, whippy; leaves large; yield high, 6.6 kg/bush on 3 harvests; blooms midseason; self-fertile; propagated by softwood cuttings and tissue culture.

MG07876-15-003 (Midnight). Late-season northern highbush with midsize, firm, aromatic berries. Origin: Mountain Blue High Chill, Victoria, Australia, by R. Bell and J. Deveson. Elliott × Caroline Blue; crossed 2007; selected 2011; tested as MG07876-15-003. USPP 32,217; 22 Sept. 2020. Fruit: 1.5-2.5 g; bloom good; picking scar small; firm; sweetness medium-high, 13 °Brix, acidity low; ripens late; suited to fresh markets. Plant: vigorous; round/upright, whippy; leaves large; yield high, 6.6 kg/bush on 3 harvests; blooms late; flower cluster density moderate; self-fertile; propagated by softwood cuttings and tissue culture.

MG11543-23-004 (Kalinda). Early-midseason hybrid of northern and southern highbush with medium to large, firm berries of good flavor. Origin: Mountain Blue High Chill, Victoria, Australia, by R. Bell and J. Deveson. Brigitta Blue × Ridley1403; crossed 2011; selected 2015; tested as MG11543-23-004. USPP 32,216; 22 Sept. 2020. Fruit: 3.2 g; bloom very good; picking scar small; firm; sweetness medium, 16 °Brix; acidity medium; ripens late; suited to fresh markets. Plant: vigorous; upright; whippy; leaves large; yield high, 7.6 kg/bush on 3 harvests; blooms early; self-fertile; propagated by softwood cuttings and tissue culture.

MG11654-24-001 (Merliah). Very early-season hybrid of northern and southern highbush varieties with large, sweet berries. Origin: Mountain Blue High Chill, Victoria, Australia, by R. Bell and J. Deveson. Duke × Ridley1403; crossed 2011; selected 2014; tested as M11654-24-001. USPP 32,187; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: 3.3 g; bloom good; picking scar small; firm; crunchy; sweet, 13.5 °Brix; acidity medium to high; ripens very early; suited to fruit markets. Plant: vigorous; upright; whippy; leaves large; yield high, 7.1 kg/bush on 3 harvests; blooms early; self-fertile; propagated by softwood cuttings and tissue culture.

Merliah. See MG11654-24-001.

Midnight. See MG07876-15-003.

NS 13-4. Early-season highbush with very large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. 7-26 × 8-10; crossed 2012; selected 2013. USPP 33,087; 25 May 2021. Fruit: very large, 2.4 g; firm; sweetness medium to high; acidity medium to high. Plant: vigorous; upright to semi-upright; blooms very early.

NS 13-5. Very-early-season highbush with large to very large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. 7-26 × 8-10; crossed 2012; selected 2013. USPP 32,745; 12 Jan. 2021. Fruit: large to very large, 3 g; firm; sweetness high; acidity high. Plant: vigorous; semi-upright; yield extremely high.

NS 14-1. Early-season highbush with large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. 7-26 × EB 8-30; crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP 32,781; 2 Feb. 2021. Fruit: very large, 2.5 g; calyx depicting a strong star shape; firmness medium; sweetness high; acidity high. Plant: vigorous; upright; blooms early.

NS 14-7. Very-early- to early-season highbush with large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. 8-10 × EB 8-30; crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP 32,823; 23 Feb. 2021. Fruit: large, 2.5 g; picking scar small, dry; sweetness medium; firmness medium; acidity medium to high. Plant: vigor high; upright to semi-upright; blooms early; yield high.

NS 15-13. Very-early-season highbush with large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 9-4 × EB 8-46; crossed 2013; selected 2015. USPP 33,138; 8 June 2021. Fruit: large, 3.37 g; picking scar small, dry; firmness medium; sweetness medium to high; acidity low to medium; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium to high; upright; blooms very early.

NS 15-22. Very-early-season highbush with large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia; Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 9-4 × EB 8-46; crossed 2013; selected 2015. USPP 33,384; 24 Aug. 2021. Fruit: large, 1.9 g; firmness medium; sweetness medium; acidity low; ripens very early. Plant: vigor high; upright; blooms very early.

NS 15-5. Very-early-season highbush with large to very large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 9-4 × EB 8-46; crossed 2013; selected 2015. USPP 33,154; 15 June 2021. Fruit: large, to very large, 3.37 g; picking scar small, dry; firmness medium; sweetness medium; acidity low to very low. Plant: very vigorous; upright; yield high.

NS 16-15. Early-season highbush with very large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 9-4 × EB 8-46; crossed 2013; selected 2015. USPP 33,112; 1 June 2021. Fruit: large, 2.6 g; firm; sweetness medium; acidity low to medium. Plant: vigor medium to high; semi-upright; blooms early, ripens on one-year-old shoots only.

NS 16-18. Early-season highbush with large to very large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia, Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 9-4 × EB 8-50; crossed 2013; selected 2015. USPP 33,494; 21 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large to very large, 3.33 g; firm to very firm; sweetness medium; acidity medium to high. Plant: vigor weak to medium; upright; yield high.

NS 16-2 (OZblu Olivia®). Very-early-season highbush with very large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia; Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 9-4 × EB 8-50; crossed 2013; selected 2015. USPP 32,897; 16 Mar. 2021. Fruit: very large, 3.8 g; picking scar small, dry; extremely firm; very sweet; acidity low. Plant: vigor medium; semi-upright; yield high.

NS 16-7. Very-early-season highbush with large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia; Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 8-42 × EB 9-2; crossed 2013; selected 2017. USPP 33,635; 16 Nov. 2021. Fruit: large, 3.0 g; firm; sweetness high to very high; ripens very early. Plant: very vigorous; upright; self-fertile.

NS 16-8. Very-early-season highbush with large fruit, suitable for Western Australia. Origin: Yanchep, Western Australia; Australia by V.D.A. Mazzardis. EB 8-42 × EB 9-2; crossed 2013; selected 2016. USPP 33,137; 8 June 2021. Fruit: large, 5.8 g; typically round; firmness medium; sweetness medium; acidity low to medium. Plant: vigor medium; upright; flowers very early; ripens on both 1-year-old and current season’s shoots.

OlympusBlue™. See TH-1008.

OZblu Olivia®. See NS 16-2.

Plablue 1502 (Blue Madeira®). Early ripening, low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Plantas de Navarra, Valtierra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14.012.001 × 14.09.001. USPP 31,346; 14 Jan. 2020. Fruit: large; oblate; very firm. Plant: upright; production very abundant; self-fertile; chilling requirement <200 h.

Plablue 15122 (Blue Malibu®). Very early ripening, low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Plantas de Navarra, Valtierra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14.09.001 × 11.024.001. USPP 31,522; 10 Mar. 2020. Fruit: midsize; round; very firm. Plant: semi-upright; production very abundant; self-fertile; chilling requirement <200 h.

Plablue 1525 (Blue Masirah®). Midseason low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Plantas de Navarra, Valtierra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14.01.001 × 14.08.001. USPP 31,523; 10 Mar. 2020. Fruit: large; oblate; firm. Plant: semi-upright; production very abundant; self-fertile; chilling requirement <200 h.

Plablue 1542 (Blue Maldiva®). Early ripening, low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Plantas de Navarra, Valtierra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14.027.001 × 14.049.001. USPP 31,403; 28 Jan. 2020. Fruit: large; oblate; very firm. Plant: upright; production very abundant; self-fertile; chilling requirement <200 h.

Plablue 1545 (Blue Manila®). Very early ripening, low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Plantas de Navarra, Valtierra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14.027.001 × 14.049.001. USPP 31,345; 14 Jan. 2020. Fruit: large; oblate; very firm. Plant: vigor low; semi-upright; production very abundant; self-fertile; chilling requirement <200 h.

Plablue 1549 (Blue Marina®). Early ripening, low-chill southern highbush. Origin: Plantas de Navarra, Valtierra, Spain, by A. Pierron-Darbonne. 14.028.001 × 14.026.001. USPP 31,378; 21 Jan. 2020. Fruit: midsize; round; very firm. Plant: upright; production very abundant; self-fertile; chilling requirement <200 h.

Ridley1702 (Eureka Gold). Midseason southern highbush with very large, crunchy, sweet fruit, suited to evergreen culture. Origin: Mountain Blue Orchards, New South Wales, Australia, by R. Bell. Ridley 1403 × Ridley 1812; crossed 2011; selected 2014; tested as M14-17-02. USPP 33,717; 7 Dec. 2021. Fruit: 3.75 g; picking scar small; very firm and crisp; flavor unique, sweet, 14.5 °Brix; aromatic; acidity medium to low; ripens mid- to late-season; shakes well for machine harvest; very fast hand harvest. Plant: medium to vigorous; upright/whippy; leaves large; yield high, 5.3 kg/plant on 2 harvests; blooms midseason; self-fertile; suited to fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings or tissue culture.

Ruiyue (瑞月 = “Auspicious Moon”). Northern highbush with good flavor, suitable for fresh markets. Origin: Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, Jilin Province, China, by H. Sun, Y. Li, and L. Chen. Duke × Bluecrop; crossed 2009; selected 2015; tested 2017 as F11. Chinese NFGA PBR applied for. Fruit: midsize, 2.0 g; oblate; blue; picking scar very small; firm; stores very well; harvest concentrated, midseason to early. Plant: vigorous; round to open; high yielding; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination for maximum yields; propagated by vegetative cuttings or tissue culture.

Salvador®. See TH-1125.

Sapphire Cascade®. See FC12-029.

Sentinel. Low-chill southern highbush. Origin: University of Florida, Gainesville, by J. Olmstead and P. Lyrene. FL01-25 × Scintilla; crossed 2008; selected 2011; tested as FL11-155. USPP 33,896; 25 Jan. 2022. Fruit: medium-large; firm; flavor and texture excellent; short bloom-to-ripe; ripens early April to early May in Florida. Plant: vigorous; semi-upright to spreading; yield very high; excellent survival and leaf disease resistance in the field; chilling requirement 100-150 h; propagates easily from softwood.

Shengmei (胜美 = “Bestmiddon”). Early-season half-high for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, G. Xu, Y. Wang, L. Zhao, and Y. Chen. Blomidon O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao B-1. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200274; 21 Dec. 2020. Fruit: 1.7 g; round; dark blue; picking scar small, dry; firm; flavor good; sweetness medium; ripening concentrated in late June in Liaoning Province; fruit can be picked in bunches. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster dense; productivity high; recommended for machine harvest; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Silver Dollar®. See ZF06-089.

Sweet Duchess™. See TH-1321.

T-460 (Frostberry Delight®). Rabbiteye with potential ornamental appeal for home gardeners. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D.S. NeSmith. T-223 × T-258; selected mid-1980’s. USPP 28,624; 14 Nov. 2017. Fruit: large; color very good; scar good; ripens mid-June in southern Georgia and early July in middle Georgia. Plant: moderately vigorous; chilling requirement ∼500-550 h; considerably self-fruitful; propagated vegetatively.

Talisman. Public domain, late-midseason northern highbush suitable for mechanical harvest. Origin: USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD /Chatsworth, NJ, by M.K. Ehlenfeldt. Magnolia × Elizabeth; crossed 2000; selected 2005; released 2020; tested as ARS 05-171. Public domain. Fruit: medium-large; oblate; light blue; size very uniform; mild; acidity low; harvest concentrated, late-midseason; fruit removal force low. Plant: vigorous; stocky; upright to spreading; base narrow; productive; flowers very late (≈Elliott); self-fertile; good field resistance to both phases of mummy berry (Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi).

TH-1008 (OlympusBlue®). Very-early-season southern highbush for fresh markets, suited to low-chill evergreen production. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, GA, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-687 × Emerald; crossed 2003; selected 2006. USPP 32,219; 7 Nov. 2019. Fruit: 18-21 mm; very light blue; firm; balance of sweetness and acidity good. Plant: vigor high; semi-upright; yield superior to Star and Ventura.

TH-1125 (TH 1125; Salvador®). Early-season southern highbush suitable for temperate regions and for no-chill production in more tropical regions. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. Camellia × Palmetto; crossed 2004; selected 2007; introd. 2020. USPP 31,863; 16 June 2021. Fruit: large to very large, 2.5-3.5 g; medium to light blue; picking scar small to medium, dry; firmness very good; flavor good; ripens with Rebel in southern Georgia. Plant: vigorous; upright; crown narrow; flowers with Rebel in southern Georgia; exhibits no-chill everbearing habit in Peru; yields less than Rebel in southern Georgia, but very high yielding under no-chill production in Peru; chilling requirement in temperate climate ≤500-550 h, but also produces well under no-chill, more tropical environments; suitable for fresh market; propagation by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-1321 (Sweet Duchess™). Very-early-season southern highbush. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-639 × Rebel; crossed 2007; selected 2010; introd. 2020. USPP 31,316; 7 Jan. 2020. Fruit: large to very large, 3.0-3.5 g; medium to light blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness and flavor very good; ripens several days before Rebel and Georgia Dawn in southern Georgia. Plant: moderately vigorous; semi-spreading; crown medium; flowers 12-21 d before Rebel in southern Georgia; yield medium, but very early; leafing good; est. chilling requirement <100 h; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-1334 (Early Duchess™). Very-early-season southern highbush. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-639 × Rebel; crossed 2007; selected 2010; introd. 2020. USPP 32,718; 5 Jan. 2021. Fruit: very large, 3.5-4.0 g; medium to dark blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness and flavor good; ripens 10-14 d before Rebel in southern Georgia. Plant: moderately vigorous; semi-spreading; crown medium; flowers 10-21 d before Rebel in southern Georgia; yield medium, but very early; leafing good, chilling requirement <100 h; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-1493 (Maverick™). Early- to midseason southern highbush suitable for temperate regions and for no-chill production in more tropical regions. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-909 × TH-681; crossed 2009; selected 2012; introd. 2021. USPP 33,755; 21 Dec. 2021. Fruit: very large, 3.5-4.5 g; very light blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness and flavor good; generally ripens 7-10 days after Rebel in southern Georgia. Plant: moderately vigorous; upright; crown narrow; flowers a few days after Rebel in southern Georgia, but also has a no-chill everbearing habit in more tropical regions; yield medium to high in southern Georgia, and very high under no-chill production in more tropical regions; chilling requirement in temperate climate ≤350-450 h, but also produces well under no-chill conditions in more tropical environments; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-1797 (Ava®). Very-early-season southern highbush. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-1120 × Suziblue; crossed 2010; selected 2013; introd. 2020. USPP 33,754; 21 Dec. 2021. Fruit: very large, 3.5-4.2 g; light blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness and flavor good to very good; ripens a few days before Rebel and Suziblue in southern Georgia. Plant: moderately vigorous; semi-upright, crown medium; flowers a few days ahead of Rebel and Suziblue in southern Georgia; yield medium to high, but very early; leafing good; chilling requirement 200-300 h; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-1872 (Gladiator™). Very-early-season southern highbush. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. Sweetcrisp O.P. 2011; selected 2013; introd. 2021. USPP 33,782; 28 Dec. 2021. Fruit: large to very large, 3.5-4.0 g; medium to light blue; picking scar very small, dry; firmness and flavor excellent; ripens before Rebel in southern Georgia. Plant: vigorous; compact; semi-spreading; flowers before Rebel; yield good, likely suitable for mechanical harvest; leafing good; est. chilling requirement ≤150-250 h; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-1876 (Blue Duchess™). Early-season southern highbush. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. Sweetcrisp O.P.; sown 2011; selected 2013; introd. 2020, USPP 31,684; 21 Apr. 2020. Fruit: large, 2.5-3.0 g; light blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness and flavor very good; generally ripens just after Rebel in southern Georgia. Plant: highly vigorous; strongly upright, crown very narrow; flowers a few days after Rebel; per plant yields medium, but suitable for high-density plantings; leafing good; chilling requirement ≤300-350 h; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile.

TH-906 (Blucille™). Mid-chill southern highbush with quality fruit. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, GA, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-653 × Millennia; crossed 2002; selected in 2005. USPP 27,026; 9 Aug. 2016. Fruit: medium to large; scar good; firmness and flavor good. Plant: vigorous; chilling requirement ∼550 h.; propagated vegetatively.

TH-931 (Jesse®). Mid- to late-season southern highbush. Origin: University of Georgia, Griffin, by D.S. NeSmith. TH-622 × Millennia; crossed 2002; selected 2005; introd. 2020. USPP 32,218; 22 Sept. 2021. Fruit: very large, 3.0-4.0 g; very light blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness good; flavor mild sweet/acid; ripens with Camellia in southern and central Georgia. Plant: vigorous; upright; crown medium; flowers with Camellia; yield >Star and Camellia in southern and central Georgia; chilling requirement ≤400-500 h; suitable for fresh market; propagated by softwood cuttings and in vitro; self-fertile, but cross-pollination recommended.

Vacsid15. High-chill, early- to midseason highbush. Origin: Sidhu and Sons Nursery, British Columbia, Canada, by G. Sidhu. Open-pollinated cross of Reka × Duke; crossed 2004; selected 2008. Canadian PBR 5321 30; Aug, 2016. Fruit: medium to large; oblate; dark blue; bloom intensity medium; firm; sweetness low; acidity very high; fruit cluster density medium; ripens early. Plant: vigorous; upright; productive; blooms early to midseason; flowers and fruits on one-year-old shoots only.

Vacsid22. High-chill, early-season highbush. Origin: Sidhu and Sons Nursery, British Columbia, Canada, by G. Sidhu. Open-pollinated cross of Reka × Duke; crossed 2004; selected 2008. Canadian PBR 5322; granted 30 Aug. 2016; revoked 30 Aug. 2021. Fruit: large; oblate; dark blue; bloom intensity medium; firm; sweetness low to medium; acidity medium to high; fruit cluster density medium; ripens early. Plant: vigorous; upright; productive; blooms early; flowers and fruits on one-year-old shoots only.

Xinchao (新潮 = “Fashion”). Midseason northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, Y. Cui, Y. Ji, Z. Huang, C. Liao, L. Lu, Z. Sui, and H. Wang. Bluechip O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 492. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200300. Fruit: large, 2.6 g; round; light blue; picking scar small, dry; firm; flavor good, aromatic; acidity low; ripens early July in Liaoning Province. Plant: vigorous; round; blooms late; cluster density medium; productivity high; for machine or hand harvest; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Xiangyi (香溢 = “Fragrance”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, G. Xu, Y. Xu, G. Liu, L. Zhao, and R. Gao. Patriot O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 68. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200091; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: 2.8 g; oblate; light blue; picking scar small; firmness medium; flavor good, strongly aromatic; ripens late June in Liaoning Province. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; blooms early; cluster density loose; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

Yunduo (云朵 = “Cloud”). Early-season northern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by H. Wang, H. Peng, Y. Li, G. Xu, L. Lei, Q. An, and W. Ding. Big Bluegold O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 287. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200299; 21 Dec. 2020. Fruit: 1.9 g; round; light blue; firmness medium; flavor good, lightly aromatic; very sweet; acidity low; ripening concentrated in late June; fruit can be picked in bunches. Plant: vigorous; round; blooms early; clusters dense; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; chilling requirement 800-1000 h.

ZF06-089 (Silver Dollar®). Ornamental cultivar with foliage resembling Eucalyptus, and fruit with pineapple overtones. Origin: Conrad-Pyle Company, West Grove, PA, by D.M. Brazelton and A.L. Wagner. Toro × FLX-2; crossed 2003; selected 2008. USPP 32,184; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: oblate; light blue; flavor has pineapple overtones. Plant: moderately vigorous; spreading to compact; foliage medium green; leaves ovate; inflorescence greenish-white.

Zhiyuan (致远 = “Farsight”). Early-season southern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co. and Dalian University, Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, H. Wang, Y. Chen, and K. Zhou. BlueRain O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 035. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200069; 29 July 2020. Fruit: 2.6 g; round; dark blue; picking scar small, dry; firmness medium; flavor good, low-acid; stores well. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; bloom time medium; cluster density medium; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest.

Zhumeng (逐梦 = “Aspiration”). Early-season southern highbush for fresh markets. Origin: Dalian University and Dalian Senmao Modern Agriculture Co., Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, by G. Xu, H. Wang, Q. An, H. Peng, and K. Zhou. BlueRain O.P.; sown 2010; selected 2015; tested as Senmao 033. Chinese NFGA PBR 20200070; 19 Aug. 2020. Fruit: 2.2 g; oblate; medium blue; firmness medium; flavor good; sweetness medium; stores well. Plant: vigorous; round to upright; bloom time medium; cluster density loose; productivity high; recommended for machine or hand harvest; requires cross-pollination.

ZZ04062. Southern highbush ripening midseason. Origin: New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Hamilton, New Zealand, by N. Patel and J. Scalzo. O’Neal × Duke; crossed 2004; selected 2006. NZ PVR 34241; 9 Oct. 2020. USPP 32,416; 3 Nov. 2020. Fruit: large; oblate; blackish blue; firmness medium; ripens with Nui. Plant: vigorous; upright; flowers midseason; yield high; chilling requirement 700-1000 h.

ZZ04115. Southern highbush ripening midseason. Origin: New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Hamilton, New Zealand, by N. Patel and J. Scalzo. B7-8-1 × D110; crossed 2004; selected 2006. NZ PBR 34239; 9 Oct. 2020. USPP 32,701; 29 Dec. 2020. Fruit: very large; flat; dark blue; firm; ripens with Nui. Plant: vigorous; spreading; flowers mid- to late season; yield high; chilling requirement 1000+ h.

ZZ04120. Northern highbush ripening mid-late season. Origin: New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Hamilton, New Zealand, by N. Patel and J. Scalzo. Brigitta Blue × B7-8-1; crossed 2004; selected 2006. New Zealand PBR 34240; 8 Oct. 2020. USPP 31,894; 23 June 2020. Fruit: large; oblate; blackish blue; firm; ripens with Duke. Plant: vigor medium; semi-upright; flowers medium to late; yield high; chilling requirement 1000+ h.

CACAO

Ricardo Goenaga, USDA-ARS, Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, PR

Caeri 1. Tolerant to moniliasis, good yield. Origin: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agricolas y Pecuarias, Campo Experimental Rosario Izapa, Tuxtla Chico, Chiapas, Mexico, by C.H. Avendaño-Arrazate, E. Hernández-Gómez, J.L. Solís-Bonilla, J. Cueto-Moreno, and A. Zamarripa-Colmenero. PA 169 × UF-273. Mexican PBR 1874; 27 July 2018. Fruit: oblong, apex acute; base strongly constricted; surface moderately rough, depth between furrows medium; length 21.74 cm, diameter 15.12 cm, shell thickness 10.47 mm; immature fruit color green, changing to yellow at maturity, with white pulp and medium sweetness. Seeds/fruit 35.24, elliptical; cotyledon dark red; length 24.8 mm, width 12.6 mm, thickness 8.37 mm; 53.39% fat; pod index 19. Tree: leaves large, length 39.68 cm, coriaceous, apex acute, light red when young and dark green when mature; ligule pale yellow; staminode strongly pigmented with anthocyanin; sepal length 7.53 mm, width 2.27 mm; tolerant to moniliasis (Moniliophthora roreri).

Caeri 2. Tolerant to moniliasis, good yield. Origin: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agricolas y Pecuarias, Campo Experimental Rosario Izapa, Tuxtla Chico, Chiapas, Mexico, by C.H. Avendaño-Arrazate, E. Hernández-Gómez, J.L. Solís-Bonilla, J. Cueto-Moreno, and A. Zamarripa-Colmenero. H-31 × UF-273. Mexican PBR 1873; 27 July 2018. Fruit: obovate, apex acute; base moderately constricted; surface moderately rough, depth between furrows medium; length 19.05 cm, diameter 13.36 cm, shell thickness 10.4 mm; immature fruit color red, changing to medium red at maturity, with white pulp and medium sweetness. Seeds/fruit 43.4, elliptical; cotyledon dark purple; length 24.3 mm, width 12.6 mm, thickness 8.31 mm; 43.35% fat; pod index 20. Tree: leaves large, length 39.9 cm, coriaceous, base obtuse, apex apiculate, dark red when young and medium green when mature; ligule yellow; staminode moderately pigmented with anthocyanin; sepal length 7.16 mm, width 2.02 mm; tolerant to moniliasis.

CHERIMOYA

Ben Faber, University of California Cooperative Extension, Ventura, CA

Rincon. Large, white-fleshed, midseason cherimoya with outstanding flavor. Origin: Carpinteria, CA, by A.E. Brown, C.B. Brown, and J.K. Brown. McPherson O.P.; selected 2008. USPP 31,990; 21 July 2020. Fruit: large, height 140 mm, width 110 mm, 400-600 g; elliptic; carpels slightly raised; skin yellow-green (RHS 151A), pubescent, thickness medium; flesh grayed-yellow (RHS 162D), texture smooth; soluble solids high, 23 ºBrix; flavor distinct, mango-like; eating quality excellent; seeds black, small, 25 × 12 mm; ripens December to May in Carpinteria; firmer than most other cultivars such as Lisa and McPherson, retaining firmness in cold storage, with less splitting and surface bronzing at maturity. Tree: midsize; vigor robust; growth habit spreading; drought tolerance above average; bearing regular and productive under artificial pollination.

CHERRY–SWEET

Per McCord, Dept. of Horticulture, Washington State University Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Prosser, WA

Areko. Red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Julius Kühn-Institut, Quedlinburg, Germany, by M. Schuster. Kordia × Regina; tested as Hamid; introd. 2013. CPVO PBR 48936; 23 Apr. 2018. USPP 27,811; 28 Mar. 2017. Fruit: large, diameter 29.4 mm; dark red (RHS 44B); texture firm; ripens 16 d after Burlat. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit spreading; blooms late; self-infertile (S1S3).

Arvin Bruce. Red, early-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Glenred O.P.; crossed 2002; selected 2008; introd. 2014. USPP 27,274; 18 Oct. 2016. Fruit: midsize, diameter 25.4 mm; deep red; texture moderately firm; ripens ∼5 d before Glenred. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit upright; blooms early; self-infertile.

Bicolam. Red, midseason, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Firelam O.P.; tested as 6N.18-2.48.14CE-ASF1607; introd. 2018. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,686; 21 Apr. 2020. Fruit: midsize, diameter 24-27 mm; purple red (RHS 187A-187B) but harvestable at bicolor stage; texture firm, crunchy; ripens ∼10 d after Firelam. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit semi-spreading; blooms midseason, self-fertile.

Cheery Blush®. See IFG Cher-four.

Cheery Burst®. See IFG Cher-two.

Cheery Crunch®. See IFG Cher-three.

Cheery Glow®. See IFG Cher-six.

Cheery Moon®. See IFG Cher-seven.

Cheery Treat®. See IFG Cher-five.

Final 113. Red, late-ripening, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Cerasina, Kressbronn, Germany, by P. Stoppel. Spate von Wedler × Sweetheart; introd. 2019. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,471; 25 Feb. 2020. Fruit: very large, diameter 30 mm; heart-shaped; dark red; texture very firm; ripens 12 d after Regina. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit spreading; blooms medium-early; self-fertile (S3S4’).

Final 121. Red, late-ripening, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Cerasina, Kressbronn, Germany, by P. Stoppel. Spate von Wedler × Sweetheart; introd. 2019. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,472; 25 Feb. 2020. Fruit: large, diameter 30 mm; heart-shaped; dark red (RHS 53A); texture very firm; ripens 7 d after Sweetheart. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit spreading; blooms late; self-fertile (S3S4’).

Final 131. Red, very late, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Cerasina, Kressbronn, Germany, by P. Stoppel. Spate von Wedler × Sweetheart; introd. 2019. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,470; 25 Feb. 2020. Fruit: large, diameter 30 mm; dark red (RHS 53A); texture very firm; ripens 10 d after Sweetheart. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit spreading; blooms medium-early; self-fertile (S3S4’).

Glencrest. Red, midseason, very large sweet cherry. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Glenred O.P.; crossed 2002; selected 2008; introd. 2014. USPP 27,369; 15 Nov. 2016. Fruit: very large, diameter 33.3 mm; oblate; dark red; texture firm, crisp; ripens ∼2 d after Glenred. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit upright; blooms midseason; self-infertile.

Glenheart. Red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Glenred O.P.; crossed 2002; selected 2008; introd. 2014. USPP 27,248; 11 Oct. 2016. Fruit: large, diameter 30.2 mm; slightly oblate; very deep red; texture firm, crisp; ripens ∼4 d after Glenred. Tree: vigor high, growth habit spreading; blooms mid-late; self-infertile.

Glensweet I. Dark red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Glenred O.P.; crossed 2000; selected 2006; introd. 2017. USPP 30,209; 19 Feb. 2019. Fruit: large, diameter 30.2 mm; heart-shaped; deep red; texture crisp, firm; ripens ∼5 d after Glenred. Tree: vigor high, growth habit spreading; blooms mid-late; self-infertile.

Glensweet II. Blush, early-ripening, very large sweet cherry. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Glenred O.P.; crossed 2001; selected 2007; introd. 2017. USPP 30,229; 26 Feb. 2019. Fruit: very large, diameter 33.3 mm; slightly oblate; deep red over brilliant yellow, texture crisp, firm; ripens ∼3 d before Glenred. Tree: vigor high, growth habit spreading; blooms early-midseason; self-infertile.

HL 13822. See Irena.

IFG Cher-five (Cheery Treat®). Dark red, early-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics (IFG), Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. Flavor Giant O.P.; crossed 2001, selected 2005; introd. 2017. USPP 30,661; 9 July 2019. Fruit: midsize, diameter 28 mm; flat-round; grayed-purple (RHS 187B); texture firm; ripens 0-2 d before Brooks. Tree: vigor medium, growth habit upright; blooms early; self-infertile (S1S-); chilling requirement medium-low, slightly lower than Brooks.

IFG Cher-four (Cheery Blush®). Blush, early-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. Parentage unknown; selected 2005; introd. 2017. USPP 30,704; 16 July 2019. Fruit: midsize, diameter 26 mm; flat-round; yellow-orange over red (RHS 15D, 45A); texture firm; ripens ∼14-18 d before Rainier. Tree: vigor low-medium; growth habit spreading; blooms very early; self-infertile (S1S6); chilling requirement ∼300-400 h.

IFG Cher-nine. Red, early-ripening, small-medium sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. Parentage unknown; selected 2005; introd. 2019. USPP 32,188; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: small-medium, diameter 25.1 mm; reniform; grayed-purple (RHS 187A); texture intermediate; ripens 3-5 d before Brooks. Tree: vigor high; growth habit upright; blooms early; self-infertile (S3S4); chilling requirement ∼300-400 h.

IFG Cher-seven (Cheery Moon®). Dark red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. 18-19 O.P.; selected 2005; introd. 2017. USPP 30,261; 5 Mar. 2019. Fruit: large, diameter 29 mm; reniform; grayed-purple (RHS 187A); texture medium-firm; storage life long, 40 d in cold storage; ripens ∼7 d after Brooks. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; blooms early; self-infertile (S4S9); chilling requirement >600 h.

IFG Cher-six (Cheery Glow®). Blush, midseason, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. Tulare × unknown pollen parent; selected 2007; introd. 2017. USPP 29,932; 4 Dec. 2018. Fruit: midsize, diameter 27 mm; reniform; yellow-orange and gray-orange over red (RHS 14C, 163D, 45A); texture medium-firm; ripens 7-10 d before Rainier. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright; blooms midseason; self-infertile (S1S6); chilling requirement ∼400-500 h.

IFG Cher-ten. Dark red, early-ripening, large sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. 01C041-021-090 O.P.; selected 2013; introd. 2020. USPP 32,576; 8 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large, diameter 29 mm; reniform with somewhat pointed stylar end, grayed-purple (RHS 187A); texture firm; ripens with or slightly before Brooks. Tree: vigor high; growth habit spreading; blooms early; self-infertile (S1S3).

IFG Cher-three (Cheery Crunch®). Dark red, early-ripening, small-medium sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. Parentage unknown; selected 2005; introd. 2017. USPP 30,011; 25 Dec. 2018. Fruit: small-medium, diameter 24 mm; reniform; grayed-purple (RHS 187B and 187C), texture firm; ripens ∼3-5 d before Brooks. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; blooms early; self-infertile (S3S6); chilling requirement ∼300-400 h.

IFG Cher-two (Cheery Burst®). Dark red, early-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: International Fruit Genetics, Bakersfield, CA, by D. Cain. Parentage unknown; selected 2005; introd. 2017. USPP 29,988; 18 Dec. 2018. Fruit: midsize, diameter 28 mm; flat-round; grayed-purple (RHS 187A); texture medium firm; ripens 3-5 d before Brooks. Tree: vigor high; growth habit upright; blooms early; self-infertile (S9S-); chilling requirement ∼300-500 h.

Irena (HL 13822). Red, late-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: Research and Breeding Institute of Pomology Holovousy, Horice, Czech Republic, by J. Blazkova. Kordia × Merton Reward; introd. 2018. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,699; 28 Apr. 2020. Fruit: midsize, diameter 24.8 mm; heart-shaped; red (RHS 46A); texture moderately firm; ripens with Regina. Tree: vigor high; growth habit spreading; blooms medium-late; self-infertile.

Jonred 1. Dark red, mid-late season, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Glenred O.P.; crossed 2008; selected 2013; introd. 2019. USPP 32,235; 29 Sept. 2020. Fruit: large, diameter 31.8 mm; oblate; very dark red; texture very crisp, firm; ripens ∼5 d before Glenred. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; blooms late; self-infertile.

Kara King. Blush/red, early-midseason, very large sweet cherry. Origin: Brisky Canyon Co., East Wenatchee, WA., by M.L. Hardiman. Parentage unknown; selected 2004; introd. 2018. USPP 31,036; 12 Nov. 2019. Fruit: very large, diameter 32 mm; reniform; yellow (Munsell 5Y 9/4) to dark purple red (Munsell 5R 2/4) depending on harvest date; texture very firm; harvest window wide, early to mid-June. Tree: vigor high; growth habit upright spreading; blooms mid-late.

Marysa®. See PA6Unibo.

PA6Unibo (Marysa®). Dark red, midseason, large sweet cherry. Origin: Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy, by S. Lugli, R. Correale, and M. Grandi. Parentage unknown, tested as DCS BO B5 D20; introd. 2017. CPVO PBR 57727; 4 June 2021. USPP 29,677; 18 Sept. 2018. USPVP applied for. Fruit: large, diameter 30 mm; heart-shaped; dark red (RHS 187B, 187A); texture fine; ripens 10-12 d after Burlat. Tree: vigor high; growth habit semi-upright; blooms early; self-fertile.

PA7Unibo (Sweet Stephany®). Dark red, mid-late season, large sweet cherry. Origin: Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy, by S. Lugli, R. Correale, and M. Grandi. Parentage unknown; tested as DCA BO B5 A89; selected 2004; introd. 2017. CPVO PBR 58806; 7 July 2021. USPP 29,765; 23 Oct. 2018. Fruit: large, diameter 30 mm; depressed heart-shaped; shiny-blackish dark red (RHS 187B, 187A); texture fine; ripens 6-9 d after Bing. Tree: vigor high; growth habit open; blooms mid-late; self-fertile (S3S4’).

Pinkilam. Blush, early-ripening, large sweet cherry. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Rubilam O.P.; tested as 02.15.06.09 CE-ASF0904; selected 2009; introd. 2017. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,824; 2 June 2020. Fruit: large, diameter 28-31 mm; reniform; pinkish red on orange cream background; texture smooth; ripens 10-12 d before Rubilam. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit semi-upright; blooms early; self-infertile.

Prim 21. Dark red, early-ripening, medium-large sweet cherry. Origin: Cerasina, Kressbronn, Germany, by P. Stoppel. PC 7144-7 (Tieton®) O.P.; introd. 2019. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,445; 18 Feb. 2020. Fruit: medium-large, diameter 27-30 mm; heart-shaped; dark red (RHS 53A); texture very firm; ripens 8 d before PC 7144-7. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit upright; blooms early-midseason; self-infertile (S3S9).

Prim 25. Dark red, early-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: Cerasina, Kressbronn, Germany, by P. Stoppel. PC 7144-7 (Tieton®) O.P.; introd. 2021. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,719; 7 Dec. 2021. Fruit: midsize, diameter 28.2 mm; long, heart-shaped; dark red (RHS 187A); texture very firm; ripens 7 d before PC 7144-7. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit upright spreading; blooms early-midseason; self-infertile (S3S9).

Prim 31. Red, early-ripening, medium-large sweet cherry. Origin: Cerasina, Kressbronn, Germany, by P. Stoppel. Sweet Early O.P.: introd. 2019. CPVO PBR 60143; 7 Feb. 2022. USPP 31,549; 17 Mar. 2020. Fruit: medium-large, diameter 28-30 mm; round, dark red (RHS 46A); texture medium firm; ripens 5 d before PC 7144-7. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit upright spreading; blooms early-midseason; self-infertile (S1S4).

Redlam. Dark red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. ASF 9904 × Rosilam; introd. 2015. CPVO PBR 57362; 15 Feb. 2021. USPP 29,317; 29 May 2018. Fruit: large, diameter 29-31 mm; reniform; dark red (RHS 46A); texture very firm, crunchy; ripens 7-14 d before Rosilam. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit spreading to semi-upright; blooms midseason; self-infertile.

Rosalolam. Blush, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Rubilam O.P.; introd. 2015. CPVO PBR 57728; 6 Apr. 2021. USPP 29,252; 24 Apr. 2018. Fruit: large, diameter 29-30 mm; reniform; pinkish red on orange cream background; texture firm, very crunchy; ripens ∼14 d before Rainier. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit spreading to semi-upright; blooms midseason; self-infertile.

Royal Fran. Red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 24Z399 O.P.; selected 2003; introd. 2017. USPP 30,121; 22 Jan. 2019. Fruit: large, diameter 29.4 mm; globose to slightly oblong; red (Munsell 7.5R 3/12 to 7.5R 3/10); texture firm; ripens ∼5 d after Royal Hazel. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; blooms early; self-fertile; chilling requirement 500 h.

Royal Letty. Red, mid-late season, small-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 22ZB615 O.P.; selected 2004; introd. 2016. USPP 27,437; 6 Dec. 2016. Fruit: small, diameter 22.6 mm; globose; red (Munsell 5R 2/4 to 7.5R 2/8); texture firm; ripens ∼14 d after Minnie Royal. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; blooms midseason; self-infertile; chilling requirement ∼750 h.

Royal Sonia. Red, mid-late season, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. Royal Hazel O.P.; selected 2005; introd. 2016. USPP 29,090; 13 Mar. 2018. Fruit: midsize, diameter 24.8 mm; globose; red (Munsell 5R 3/10 to 7.5R 2/8); texture firm; ripens ∼7 d after Royal Hazel. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; blooms early; self-fertile; chilling requirement ∼650 h.

SMS-1-CA-WA 2014-1. Dark red, early-ripening, very large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: SMS Unlimited, Lodi, CA, by S.M. Southwick. SC-36a O.P.; selected 2003; introd. 2019. USPP 32,755; 19 Jan. 2021. Fruit: very large, diameter 31.7 mm; oblate; grayed-purple (RHS 186C); texture firm; ripens with Brooks. Tree: vigor medium-high; growth habit upright spreading; blooms mid-late; self-infertile (S3S9).

SMS-16-CA 2014-16. Dark red, early-midseason, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: SMS Unlimited, Lodi, CA, by S.M. Southwick. SC3-35 O.P.; selected 2002; introd. 2016. USPP 29,048; 6 Mar. 2018. Fruit: midsize, diameter 27.2 mm; oblate; purple (RHS 79A); texture firm, snappy; ripens 3-7 d after PC 7146-23 (Chelan™). Tree: vigor medium; growth habit upright spreading; blooms midseason; self-fertile (S1S4’).

SMS-9CA 2014-9. Dark red, early-ripening, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: SMS Unlimited, Lodi, CA, by S.M. Southwick. SC3-35 O.P.; selected 2002; introd. 2016. USPP 29,049; 6 Mar. 2018. Fruit: midsize, diameter 27.2; oblate; purple (RHS N77A); texture moderately firm; ripens with PC 7146-23 (Chelan™). Tree: vigor medium-high; growth habit upright spreading; blooms midseason; self-fertile (S1S4’).

SPC136 (Suite Note®). Dark red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, by W.D. Lane and R. MacDonald. 2S-36-36 × Summit; crossed 1981; selected 1988; introd. 2014. Canadian PBR 2991; 19 Nov. 2007. USPP 26,680; 3 May 2016. Fruit: large, diameter 30.5 mm; kidney to cordate, dark purple red; texture fleshy; ripens with Summit. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright; blooms late; self-infertile (S2S4).

SPC243. Blush, late-ripening, small-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, by W.D. Lane. Sumtare O.P.; selected 1995; introd. 2015. Canadian PBR 3206; 21 May 2008. USPP 27,927; 25 Apr. 2017. Fruit: small, diameter 24.6 mm; kidney-shaped; bi-color (RHS 46B and 16D); texture firm; ripens up to 3 weeks after Rainier. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright spreading; blooms midseason; self-fertile.

SPC342. Red, midseason, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, by W.D. Lane. Lapins O.P.; selected 2000; introd. 2016. Canadian PBR applied for. USPP 29,788; 6 Nov. 2018. Fruit: large, diameter 31 mm; kidney-heart shaped; red (RHS 53A); texture firm; stem pull force very high; ripens with Bing. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright spreading; blooms midseason; self-fertile.

Starlam. Blush, mid-late-ripening, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by L. Maillard and A. Maillard. Firelam O.P.; tested as 6N.18-2.30.14 and ASF1613; introd. 2018. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,812; 16 Feb. 2021. Fruit: large, diameter 29-30 mm; reniform; red (RHS 42A to 42B) on yellow background (RHS 13B to 13C); texture crunchy; ripens 6-7 d after Firelam. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit semi-upright; blooms midseason; self-fertile.

Sucherryone. Red, early, medium-sized sweet cherry. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T. Bacon. Brooks O.P.; crossed 2003; tested as CH827; introd. 2018. USPP 30,730; 23 July 2019. Fruit: midsize, diameter 26 mm; reniform; medium red to dark purple (RHS 46B to 79A); texture firm; ripens ∼9 d before Brooks. Tree: vigorous; growth habit semi-upright; blooms midseason; self-infertile; chilling requirement 750 h.

Suite Note®. See SPC136.

Sweet Stephany®. See PA7Unibo.

Tardilam. Light red, late-ripening, large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by L. Maillard and A. Maillard. Firelam × Sweetheart; introd. 2019. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,811; 16 Feb. 2021. Fruit: large, diameter 29-30 mm; reniform to round; skin bright red (RHS 46A); flesh pink red (RHS N34A); texture firm, crunchy; ripens 10-13 d after Firelam. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit semi-spreading; blooms early-midseason; self-fertile.

TF 7142 (ZillaZeus®; Zeus™). Dark red, early-ripening, medium-large-fruited sweet cherry. Origin: Zillah, WA, by T. Fewel. Parentage unknown; introd. 2018. USPP 30,629; 2 July 2019. USPVP applied for. Fruit: medium-large, diameter 28.6 mm; round oblong; grayed-purple (RHS 187A); texture firm; ripens before PC 7146-23 (Chelan™). Tree: vigor moderately high; growth habit spreading upright; blooms early; self-infertile (S1S4).

Vieyra. Blush, early ripening, medium-large sweet cherry. Origin: Orondo, WA, by G. Vieyra. Whole-tree mutation of Rainier; introd. 2018. USPP 30,865; 3 Sept. 2019. Fruit: medium-large, diameter 25-30 mm; reniform; yellow (Munsell 7.5Y 8/12) with light to dark red blush (Munsell 5R 6/10 to 5R 4/14); texture firm; ripens 8-10 d before Rainier. Tree: vigor high; growth habit columnar; blooms early-midseason; self-infertile.

ZillaZeus®. See TF 7142.

Zeus™. See TF 7142.

CHERRY–TART

Amy Iezzoni, Dept. of Horticulture, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Goran Barac, Dept. of Fruit Science, Viticulture, Horticulture, and Landscape Architecture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia

Athos. Dark red flesh, medium size, midseason. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by R.H. Bors and R. Sawatzky. Kerr’s Easy Pic × Čačanski Rubin; crossed 1992; selected 1999. Canadian PBR 5751; 4 June 2018. Fruit: size medium; shape oblate in ventral view, flat at pistil end; skin brown red; flesh dark red; juice medium red; firmness, acidity, and sweetness medium; ripens midseason. Tree: vigor medium; branching habit spreading; grown on its own roots.

Big Red (Wowza®). Bright red, large. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by R.H. Bors and R. Sawatzky. Egbert Center (Prunus fruticosa) × Kelleris 14 (P. cerasus); crossed 1992; selected 1999. USPP 32,782 2 Feb. 2021. Fruit: large, 4.6-6.1 g; shape elongated, cordate; bright red; sweetness slight; flesh soft; flesh to pit ratio high. Tree: vigor dwarf bush; height and width 1.5 m × 1.5 m; branching habit spreading; self-fertile; hardy to -40 ºC; resistant to black cherry aphid (Myzus cerasi) and peach tree borer (Synanthedon exitiosa).

Cutie Pie. Bright red, sweet. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by R.H. Bors and R. Sawatzky. P. fruticosa × P. cerasus. Canadian PBR applied for. Fruit: bright red, sweet. Tree: growth habit dwarf; smaller bush, smaller fruit, and more suckering than other U. of Sask. cultivars, having more P. fruticosa in its lineage.

D’Artagnan. Dark red skin and flesh, midseason. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by R.H. Bors and R. Sawatzky. Kerr’s Easy Pick × Čačanski Rubin; crossed 1992; selected 1999. Canadian PBR 5752; 4 June 2018. Fruit: smaller than Juliet; shape circular depressed at pistil end; skin dark red; flesh dark red; juice medium red; firmness medium; ripens midseason. Tree: vigor weak; branching habit drooping; winter hardy in Saskatoon; grown on its own roots; suckering prolific; excellent for hedgerow production.

Porthos. Dark red flesh, low acidity, midseason. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by R.H. Bors and R. Sawatzky; crossed 1992; selected 1999. Canadian PBR 5753; 4 June 2018. Kerr’s Easy Pick × Čačanski Rubin. Fruit: large; shape oblate in ventral view, depressed at pistil end; skin medium dark red; flesh dark red; juice medium red; acidity low; sweetness medium; ripens midseason. Tree: vigor weak; growth habit semi-upright; grown on own roots.

Prima. Duke or morello type (Prunus × gonduinii). Origin: Farmers Association Gazdaker, Feketić, Serbia, by J. Apostol, G. Bacsi, and Z. Horkai. Feketićka (local landrace traditionally grown in villages in central Vojvodina Province, Serbia) O.P. Released 2013. Fruit: size medium, 7.6 g; shape round; pistil end flat; stalk long; skin dark purple red, resistant to rain cracking; firmness medium; juice dark red, juiciness medium; flavor rich, excellent, balanced sweetness and acidity, 16.8 ºBrix; fruit/stone weight ratio 94.11%; ripens 15 June, Novi Sad, Serbia. Tree: dense; compact; vigor medium; growth habit upright; blooms mid-April; flowers medium-sized, self-sterile; tolerant to brown rot (Monilinia laxa) and leaf spot (Blumeriella jaapii); leaf glands round.

Sweet Thing. Burgundy-colored, sweet, firm. Origin: University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by R.H. Bors and R. Sawatzky. Carmine Jewel × Erdi Jubileum. Canadian PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 5-6 g; firmness and sweetness higher than most sour cherries. Tree: growth habit bush, expected to grow to 2.5 m; recommended for zone 4 or warmer.

Wowza®. See Big Red.

CHERRY ROOTSTOCK

Amy Iezzoni, Dept. of Horticulture, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI

Cass (Corette® 1). Dwarfing, precocity-inducing, clonal rootstock for cherry. Origin: Michigan State University, East Lansing, by A. Iezzoni. Hybrid of unknown complexity involving Prunus avium, P. cerasus, and P. fruticosa. USPP 30,553; 4 June 2019. Plant: vigor weak; branching habit spreading. Rootstock performance: induces reduced vigor and increased precocity compared to trees budded on mazzard seedling rootstocks; vigor lower than Gisela® 5; grafted plants tend to produce root suckers; exhibits moderate sensitivity to high soil pH.

Clare (Corette® 2). Dwarfing, precocity-inducing, clonal rootstock for cherry. Origin: Michigan State University, East Lansing, by A. Iezzoni. Hybrid of unknown complexity involving P. avium, P. cerasus, and P. fruticosa. USPP 32,852; 2 Mar. 2021. Plant: vigor weak; branching habit spreading. Rootstock performance: induces reduced vigor and increased precocity compared to trees budded on mazzard seedling rootstocks; vigor lower than Gisela® 5; grafted plants tend to produce root suckers.

Clinton (Corette® 3). Dwarfing, precocity-inducing, clonal rootstock for cherry. Origin: Michigan State University, East Lansing, by A. Iezzoni. (P. cerasus × P. canescens) O.P. USPP 30,538; 28 May 2019. Plant: vigor weak; branching habit spreading. Rootstock performance: induces reduced vigor and increased precocity compared to trees budded on mazzard seedling rootstocks; vigor similar to Gisela® 5; grafted plants produce no root suckers.

Corette® 1. See Cass.

Corette® 2. See Clare.

Corette® 3. See Clinton.

Corette® 4. See Crawford.

Corette® 5. See Lake.

Crawford (Corette® 4). Dwarfing, precocity-inducing, clonal rootstock for cherry. Origin: Michigan State University, East Lansing, by A. Iezzoni. P. cerasus × (P. cerasus × P. canescens). USPP 30,473; 7 May 2019. Plant: vigor weak; branching habit spreading. Rootstock performance: induces reduced vigor and increased precocity compared to trees budded on mazzard seedling rootstocks; vigor similar to Gisela® 5; grafted plants produce no root suckers.

Lake (Corette® 5). Clonal rootstock for cherry. Origin: Michigan State University, East Lansing, by A. Iezzoni. Hybrid of unknown complexity including P. avium and P. fruticosa. USPP 32,813; 16 Feb. 2021. Plant: vigor weak; branching habit spreading. Rootstock performance: induces reduced vigor and increased precocity compared to trees budded on mazzard seedling rootstocks; vigor lower than Gisela® 5; grafted plants tend to produce root suckers; exhibits tolerance to water stress compared to Gisela® 5.

CHESTNUT

Michele R. Warmund, Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

ABC Red. Chinese chestnut with bright red burs. Origin: Nanjing Botanical Garden, Nanjing, China. Honglizi (red chestnut) O.P.; intro. by M. Nave, Elverta, CA, planted 1994. Nut: small, 10-12 g; pellicle removal good; flavor excellent. Tree: very vigorous with light catkin production; new stem growth red.

Amy. Primarily a Chinese chestnut, with good productivity in Ohio. Origin: Carrollton, OH, by G. Miller. Chinese chestnut O.P. with about one-eighth C. crenata parentage from a mother tree acquired from Ackerman Nursery, Bridgman, MI, 1957; selected 1972. Nut: small, ≤10 g; peels well; flavor excellent. Tree: growth habit semi-upright; early spring bud break; bears regularly; cold hardy; susceptible to blossom end rot (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides).

AU Super. Chinese chestnut ripening late season. Origin: Auburn University, Auburn, AL, by J.D. Norton; never formally released, but propagated and distributed by others. Nut: size variable. Tree: growth habit upright; vulnerable to shoot tip dieback after low midwinter temperatures.

Benton Harbor. Chinese chestnut, precocious and productive. Origin: Michigan State University, Benton Harbor, MI, by D. Fulbright. Seedling selected 1992. Nut: pericarp dark red to purple, lacks double embryos, peels well; flavor average. Tree: vigorous in Michigan; canopy flat-topped; yield high, stable; resistant to chestnut blight (Cryphonectria parasitica); not recommended for planting within 0.3 km of Colossal.

Bergantz. European-Japanese hybrid ripening midseason. Origin: Sierra Nevada foothills, CA, by B. Bergantz. O.P. seedling, possibly of Nevada. Nut: very large; peels easily; flavor excellent; ripens midseason, 2 weeks after Colossal. Tree: tall; pollen sterile.

Beth. Chinese chestnut with moderate productivity. Origin: Nolin River Nut Tree Nursery, Upton, KY, by J. Brittain. Seedling selection. Nut: small, ≤11 g; flavor and texture good. Tree: growth habit semi-upright.

Boitano (Fife). European type ripening late season. Origin: Fife, WA, by A. Boitano. Seedling selection. Nut: pericarp very dark brown, peels easily; flavor good. Tree: pollen-sterile.

Bouche de Betizac. European-Japanese hybrid ripening midseason. Origin: INRA, France. (Bouche Rouge C. sativa × C. crenata CA04) O.P.; introd. to U.S. 1992. Nut: nuts large, 15-20 g; pericarp dark brown, peels well; flavor good; ripens midseason, slightly before Colossal. Tree: vigorous, growth habit upright; pollen sterile; performs well on Colossal rootstock; purportedly immune to Asian gall wasp (Dryocosmus kuriphilus).

Emalyn’s Purple. Chinese chestnut ripening midseason. Origin: USDA-ARS, Byron, GA; procured and evaluated in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave. Nut: pellicle slightly purple with white pubescence; nuts very large; flavor sweet.

Everfresh. Chinese chestnut well adapted to Michigan. Origin: Michigan State University, Benton Harbor, MI; seedling selection. Nut: nut midsize, 11-13 g; pellicle deep reddish-brown; storage life long. Tree: slow-growing; heavy pollen producer; regular bearing; cold-tolerant, relatively good spring frost survival; susceptible to chestnut blight.

Fife. See Boitano.

Gideon. Chinese chestnut ripening midseason. Origin: Carrollton, OH, by G. Miller; mother tree obtained from Ackerman Nursery, Bridgman, MI, 1957; Chinese chestnut O.P. seedling, 1972. Nut: midsize, 12-18 g; ripens midseason, slightly later than Peach. Tree: growth habit semi-upright; grafts well on various rootstocks of same species.

Gillet. European-Japanese hybrid ripening midseason. Origin: Sierra Nevada foothills, CA, by B. Bergantz. Seedling selection. Nut: primary nuts very large, ≥28 g, with smaller secondary nuts in California; flavor sweet, typical of European chestnut; ripens midseason, 3 weeks after Colossal. Tree: produces 1 nut per bur; growth habit compact; midwinter hardiness good.

Hong Kong. Chinese chestnut ripening early to midseason. Origin: from Hong Kong, China seedlot; seedling grown and selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave. Nut: midsize; peels well; flavor very good, sweet. Tree: growth habit semi-upright; moderately productive; susceptible to blossom end rot.

Jahong. Japanese chestnut with bright red burs and unusual triangular-shaped nuts. Origin: Korea Forest Research Institute, South Korea. Seedling selected 2009. Nut: 11-17 g; pellicle glossy, brown, easily removed. Tree: vigorous; semi-erect; leaf base cordate.

Jianding Youli. Chinese chestnut ripening late season. Origin: Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Science, Nanjing, China; preliminarily selected from a natural seedling tree in Shandong Province, 1963; introd. 2017. Nut: 10.8 g; pellicle glossy reddish-brown. Tree: semi-erect; precocious, productive; resistant to chestnut blight and chestnut weevil (Curculio sp.).

Jenny. Chinese chestnut with condensed harvest. Origin: Elverta, CA, by M. Nave. Kintzel O.P., might have a complex ancestry that includes C. dentata. Nut: medium to large; flavorful; ripens early, harvest period condensed. Tree: growth habit erect; leaves very large.

Kintzel. Chinese chestnut, perhaps introgressed by another species. Origin: Cincinnati, OH, by F. Knitzel. Parentage unknown. Nut: midsize, 13-14 g; flavor unusual but good. Tree: vigorous; semi-erect.

Kohr. Chinese chestnut ripening midseason. Origin: Pine Grove, PA, by C. Kohr; selected 1960s. Nut: medium to large. Tree: grafted trees may produce limited growth or delayed graft incompatibility; productivity moderate to low, inconsistent.

Kyoung. Chinese chestnut, rather unproductive. Origin: unknown; bud sport of Bess (O.P. seedling of Beth). Nut: consistently large; shape irregular; flavor good. Tree: very tall; vigorous; growth habit semi-erect.

LaGrange. See Lindstrom #43.

Lindstrom #43 (LaGrange). Chinese chestnut ripening midseason. Origin: USDA-ARS Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron, GA. Nut: nut size variable and often small with heavy cropping. Tree: growth habit semi-erect; productive.

Luvall’s Monster. Complex hybrid ripening early season. Origin: Dallas City, IL. [C. mollissima × (C. crenata × C. dentata)]. Nut: large, 16-17 g; may have a hollow heart, and has frequent double embryos and splits; pellicle often removes in one piece; storage life short. Tree: vigorous; open canopy; flowers pollen-sterile; highly productive.

Marigoule. European-Japanese hybrid. Origin: Corrèz, France, by French National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA); crossed 1950s; tested as CA 15; introd. to the U.S. 1992. Nut: 18-22 g; pellicle attractive reddish-brown, hilum large, peels well; flavor good. Tree: growth habit spreading, open; productivity fair to low; resistant to Phytophthora spp.

Marsol. European-Japanese hybrid ripening midseason, used primarily as a vigorous rootstock in France. Origin: Corrèz, France, by French National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA); crossed 1950s; tested as CA 07. Nut: yield low to medium; pellicle reddish-brown, hilum scar large; flavor inferior. Tree: growth habit semi-upright.

Miller 72-76. Chinese chestnut ripening midseason. Origin: Carrollton, OH, by G. Miller; mother tree obtained from Ackerman Nursery, Bridgman, MI, 1957; Chinese chestnut O.P., 1972. Nut: midsize, 10-12 g. Tree: growth habit semi-upright; bearing regular and consistent.

Mipung. Late-season Japanese chestnut. Origin: Korea Forest Research Institute, Seoul, South Korea, by M.J. Kim, U. Lee, K.O. Byun, M.H. Lee, M.S. Jung, and Y.H. Kwon; selected 2005. Nut: 26-28 g; shape triangular. Tree: vigorous; growth habit semi-erect; leaf base cordate; resistant to chestnut blight and Asian gall wasp.

Nanjing Special. Early-season Chinese chestnut. Origin: Nanjing Botanical Garden, China, by L. Liu, collector; seed procured and seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave, 1993. Nut: pellicle dull brown, unattractive; flavor mildly sweet, exceptional, complex; ripens early. Tree: growth habit erect.

NC-8. Chinese chestnut ripening midseason. Origin: Ontario, Canada, by D. Campbell. Second-generation O.P. seedling of Skioka. Nut: size variable (large in Canada to small in Missouri); ripens midseason, harvest compact. Tree: growth habit semi-erect; susceptible to chestnut blight.

Oz Hunter. Ozark chinquapin ripening early to late season. Origin: Hunter, MO, by S.H. Bost; C. ozarkensis R-20X × R-17. USPP 33,246; 13 July 2021. Nut: 1 to 6 small nuts per bur. Tree: tall, up to 20 m; growth habit semi-erect; compatible with C. mollissima rootstock; highly resistant to chestnut blight and ink disease (Phytophthora cinnamomi) in laboratory tests.

Patterson. Chinese chestnut. Origin: Nanjing Botanical Garden, China, seed provided by L. Liu; seed procured and seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave, 1993. Nut: medium to large; sweetness increases after curing. Tree: vigorous; growth habit spreading; leaves uncharacteristic, broadly obovate.

Payne. Mid- to late season Chinese chestnut. Origin: USDA-ARS Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron, GA. O.P. seedling, tested as Byron 3-3. Nut: midsize, 10-13 g; flavor good; ripens mid- to late season. Tree: growth habit semi-upright.

Peach. Chinese chestnut. Origin: Carrollton, OH, by G. Miller. Parentage unknown, mother tree acquired from Ackerman Nursery, Bridgman, MI, 1957; O.P. seedling, selected 1972. Nut: midsize, 9-12 g; pellicle reddish-brown with white pubescence, peels well; yield average; flavor acceptable. Tree: growth habit upright; susceptible to shoot tip dieback caused by low winter temperatures in northern climates.

Perry. Midseason Chinese chestnut. Origin: USDA-ARS Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron, GA. O.P. seedling, tested as Byron 93. Nut: midsize, 11-13 g. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; productivity good.

Précoce Migoule. Early-season European-Japanese hybrid. Origin: Corrèz, France, by National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA); crossed 1950s; tested as CA 48. Nut: midsize, 14-17 g, but smaller during heavy cropping years; pellicle brown with dark stripes, peels easily; hilum large; flavor acceptable; ripens early, 2 weeks before Colossal. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; sheds pollen synchronously with Colossal; prone to biennial bearing; resistant to phytophthora root rot (Phytophthora spp.).

Qing. Early to midseason Chinese chestnut. Origin: Hickory, KY. Chance seedling planted late 1950s to early 1960s. Named by M. Nave, propagated by G. Miller. Nut: 15-17 g from young trees, decreasing with tree age; pellicle dark brown, attractive; flavor relatively sweeter than most C. mollissima nuts; yield high; stores well. Tree: somewhat smaller than most Chinese cultivars; growth habit semi-upright, canopy open; best grafted on own rootstock, improper tissue alignment during grafting results in delayed tree decline; spring frost avoidance good; blossom end rot minimal.

Schlarbaum. Midseason Japanese-Chinese hybrid. Origin: USDA-ARS Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, Byron, GA; seed procured and grown in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave. Unnamed Japanese chestnut × Chinese chestnut (possibly Shandong). Nut: large; pellicle easily removed. Tree: tall, canopy narrow; male flowers sparse, mostly sterile; productivity average.

Shing. Chinese chestnut. Origin: seed from Yixian, Anhui Province, China; seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave. Nut: small; flavor good. Tree: very vigorous; growth habit semi-upright; productivity precocious but inconsistent.

Szego. Late season complex hybrid. Origin: parentage uncertain; purported O.P. seedling of Linden (C. crenata × C. pumila) × Revival (C. mollissima hybrid). Nut: large, >20 g, peels easily; sweet and flavorful; stores well. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright, with open canopy; resistant to phytophthora root rot, susceptible to chestnut blight; tolerates low midwinter temperatures; poor nut separation from bur in northern climates.

Vancouver. Chinese chestnut. Origin: Vancouver, BC, Canada; seed procured and seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave. Nut: large on young trees, decreasing with tree age; flavor good. Tree: vigorous.

WC. Chinese-Allegheny chinquapin hybrid. Origin: Louisville, KY, by W.C. Donoho. C. mollissima × C. pumila selection. Nut: large; pellicle dark brown; stores well. Tree: vigorous.

YGF. See Yixian Good Flavor.

Yixian Good Flavor (YGF). Chinese chestnut with long harvest from early to late season. Origin: seed from Yixian, Anhui Province, China; seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave, 1993. Nut: size variable, generally medium to large. Tree: growth habit upright.

Yixian Large Nut. Chinese chestnut with long harvest from early to late season. Origin: seed from Yixian, Anhui Province, China; procured and seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave, 1993. Nut: size dependent on location, varying from 35 g in California to 20 g in Missouri; pellicle easily removed. Tree: growth habit semi-upright.

Yixian Orange. Mid- to late-season Chinese chestnut. Origin: seed from Yixian, China, procured and seedling selected in Elverta, CA, by M. Nave, 1993. Nut: midsize; pellicle bright orange, easily removed; flavor excellent. Tree: growth habit upright; pollen production scanty.

CITRUS

Fred Gmitter, Jr. and Jude Grosser, Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL

Tracy L. Kahn and David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

11C017R (Premier Murcott™). Low-seeded, easy-peeling tangor with low acidity. Origin: Bundaberg Research Station, Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland, Australia, by M.W. Smith. Ellendale tangor × Murcott (syn. Honey Murcott) tangor, crossed 2001, seed subjected to two rounds of gamma irradiation to create a stable mutation that maintained high fruit quality and production, and few seeds. USPP 34,166; 26 Apr. 2022. Fruit: oblate, height 55 mm, diameter 85 mm, 210 g, neck absent; firm; rind orange, smooth, thickness 3.3 mm, easy to peel; segments 10-12; flesh deep orange; 12.6 ºBrix, TA 0.48% in mid-June; flavor suited to Asian markets that prefer non-acidic fruit; seeds 0-5, monoembryonic; ripens midseason, end of May to early July in central Queensland; suitable for long-distance shipping. Tree: medium to large; vigorous when young, but early and heavy cropping restrain subsequent vigor; growth habit elliptic to oblong, canopy density light to medium; very productive from an early age, with no sign of alternate bearing; susceptible to Alternaria (Alternaria alternata).

Aeco1. Induced Clemenules mutation with fruit that ripens earlier, is deeper colored, and is virtually seedless even when cross-pollinated. Origin: Gestion Ecosistemas Agricolas, Valencia, Spain, by E. Garavilla Legarra. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Clemenules clementine; field tested starting 2016 in Pego, Alicante, Spain. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 34,136; 19 Apr. 2022. Fruit: midsize, height 38 mm, diameter 58 mm, 80 g; flattened sphere; navel opening occasionally present, areola absent; skin intense reddish orange (RHS 28A), smooth, glossy, thickness 3 mm, adherence to flesh weak; albedo light whitish yellow; axis hollow; segments 11-13; strength of segment walls medium; flesh dark orange (RHS 25A), texture fine, juicy; flavor rich and sweet, 13.6 ºBrix, TA medium; seeds absent or few when self-pollinated, <1 when cross-pollinated, monoembryonic; ripens early October through late December in Alicante, starting ∼1 week before parent; does not puff, resistant to high temperatures, more so than parent; stores well, ∼30 d at 5 ºC. Tree: crown globular, dense; vigor moderate; productive; pollen viability low.

African Sunset (Arccit1519). Midseason, seedless or low-seeded mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Council—Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Mbombela, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, by J.E. Miller, J.G.J. Maritz, and I.J Froneman. Ellendale tangor × Robin mandarin hybrid, crossed 1980; seeds extracted and irradiated 1981; tested as X83-2505/3 in Addo, Eastern Cape, South Africa; selected 1992. South African PBR ZA 20043212; 7 Nov. 2004. USPP 20,327; 22 Sept. 2009. Fruit: oblate, shape like Ellendale, length 50 mm, diameter 70 mm, 155.7 g; rind pebbled, dark orange to orange-red (RHS 28A, 30B, 25A); areola smooth, diameter 2.1 mm; internal navel occasionally present; segments 10.5; flesh dark orange (RHS 28A), texture coarse, juice content 58.6%, 13.1 ºBrix, TSS/TA ratio 11.5; flavor rich, navel-like; generally seedless in solid blocks, seed count low in mixed blocks; ripens mid-late June, hangs well until late July in South Africa. Tree: vigor medium; moderately spreading and thornless; tends to alternate bearing.

Aliza (The Alizza Fruit™). Grapefruit-like pummelo-mandarin hybrid with low furanocoumarin content. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by N. Carmi, A. Vardi, Y. Eyal, Y. Yaniv, L. Fanberstein, A. Elhanati, H. Neumann, and A. Friedman-Sahni. Chandler pummelo × Orah (syn. Or) mandarin hybrid. Israeli PBR 3099; 7 Feb. 2012. Fruit: oblate to almost spheroid, 621 g; rind greenish at start of ripening, becoming orange when mature, smooth, thin, easy to peel; flesh yellow at start of ripening, orange when mature, juice content 42.8%, 10.4 ºBrix, TA 0.70%; contains naringin, but very low levels of furanocoumarins; seedless; ripens November-February in Israel; shelf life long. Tree: high yielding.

Alvariña. Valencia orange mutation, lighter in color, larger, flatter, and easier to peel than Valencia. Origin: Canals, Valencia, Spain, by A. Sanchis Sisternes. Valencia orange branch mutation, disc. Valencia 1999. CPVO PBR 36207; 23 Sept. 2013. USPP 19,575; 16 Dec. 2008. Fruit: height 45-50 cm, diameter 65-70 cm, larger and flatter than Valencia; rind yellow-orange (RHS 25C), lighter in color, thinner (2-3 mm), and easier to peel than Valencia; rind texture moderately smooth and less rugose than Valencia; segments 10; flesh light orange (RHS 28C), juicy, flavor more delicate and generally sweeter than Valencia; ripens with Valencia. Tree: vigorous; compact; leaves larger, more rounded, and less elongated than those of parent; productive.

Amakusa (天草). Attractive, moderately early ripening and easy peeling mandarin hybrid. Origin: Fruit Tree Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tsukuba, Japan, by R. Matsumoto, M. Yamamoto, Y. Yamada, N. Okudai, H. Ikemiya, K. Asada, I. Oiyama, H. Murata, K. Yoshinaga, M. Koizumi, and T. Iwanami. T-378 mandarin hybrid (Kiyomi tangor × Okitsu Wase satsuma) × Page mandarin hybrid, crossed 1982. Japanese PBR 4596; 17 Aug. 1995. USPP 9,550; 14 May 1996. Fruit: midsize, 230 g; spheroid, apex flattened; rind red-orange, smooth, thin, moderately easily peeled; flesh orange, soft, juicy, moderately sweet, 11-12.0 ºBrix; acidity low; seeds rare, polyembryonic; ripens late December to February. Tree: vigor moderate; midsize; slightly spreading; tendency to alternate bearing medium.

ARC Nadorcott LS. See Arccit9.

Arccit 1614. See Valley Gold.

Arccit1519 and Arccit 1519. See African Sunset.

Arccit2007. Cara Cara mutation with red-blushed rind. Origin: Agricultural Research Council—Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Addo Research Station, Addo, Eastern Cape, South Africa, by J.E. Miller, J.G.G. Maritz, and I.J. Froneman. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Cara Cara. South African PBR ZA 20217269; 19 Mar. 2021. Fruit: spheroid, medium to large, diameter 68-82 g; rind is deep orange compared to the yellow-orange of Cara Cara under similar conditions, and under the right conditions a red blush can develop; peelability similar to other navel selections; flesh deep pink, similar to Cara Cara; juice content 48.8%, 11-13 ºBrix, TA 1.1-1.3%; seedless. Tree: similar in shape and yield to other navels, slightly less vigorous; self-incompatible, pollen viability very low; yield 50-60 t/ha.

Arccit9 (ARC Nadorcott LS). Seedless or very low-seeded mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Council—Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Addo, Eastern Cape, South Africa, by J.E. Miller, J.G.G. Maritz, and I.J. Froneman. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Nadorcott mandarin hybrid, tested as F4A09. South African PBR ZA 20135430; 28 Oct. 2013. USPVP applied for. Fruit: diameter 55-68 mm; oblate with occasional slight neck; rind deep orange, smooth, easy peeling, with low oil content; flesh bright orange, juice content 50-60%, 11-15 ºBrix, TA 0.8-1.5%, TSS/TA ratio 10-15; virtually seedless in solid blocks; 0.1-1.5 seeds in mixed blocks in northern South Africa; ripens early June to early August in Southern Hemisphere. Tree: vigorous; upright; precocious; tolerant to Alternaria.

Asumi (あすみ). Early- to midseason mandarin hybrid with thin segment walls and good flavor. Origin: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Ibaraki, Japan, by T. Yoshida, H. Nesumi, T. Yoshioka, M. Kita, T. Kuniga, N. Nakajima, M. Nonomura, S. Ota, H. Hamada, and F. Takishita. Okitsu 46 (Sweet Spring tangelo × Trovita sweet orange) × Harumi mandarin hybrid, crossed 1992 at the Okitsu Citrus Research Station in Shizuoka City; selected 2002. Japanese PBR 23723; 30 Sept. 2014. Canadian PBR 5967; 1 May 2019. Fruit: oblate-globose, diameter to height ratio medium to large; rind orange, smooth, very thin; oil glands medium in number, small; segment walls thin; flesh dark orange, very sweet, acidity low; seeds few, monoembryonic; ripens early to midseason. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit spreading; shoot density medium; leaf blade length medium, narrow.

Autumn Honey®. See WG17.

Beck Early Navel. Early-ripening navel orange with red-orange rind. Origin: J.W. Beck, Delano, CA. Washington mutation disc. Delano. USPP 7,700; 5 Nov. 1991. Fruit: ovoid or oblong, same size as Washington, diameter 77-84 mm; rind reddish-orange, smooth; flesh orange, quality similar to other early maturing cultivars; 10.0 ºBrix, TA 0.89%; ripens very early, early October to mid-late December in San Joaquin Valley. Tree: ∼1/3 smaller than Washington navel, precocious.

Belabela (Belalate). Late-ripening satsuma. Origin: Frutas Beltrán, Guadassuar, Valencia, Spain, by J. Beltrán Año. Owari satsuma mutation, disc. 2005. CPVO PBR 43984; 6 June 2016. USPP application abandoned. Fruit: oblate, height 45 mm, diameter 60 mm, 90-110 g; rind medium orange (RHS N12A), rough, thin, thickness 1.8-2.4 mm, easy to peel; segments 9-11; flesh medium orange, fine-textured, juicy; juice content 48-53%, 9-12 ºBrix, TA 0.9-1.1%; seedless; stores well, 4-6 weeks at 6 ºC; ripens January-February in Valencia; shelf life long. Tree: vigorous; growth habit drooping; thornless; resistant to citrus leafminer; parthenocarpic, self-incompatible.

Belalate. See Belabela.

Beni Madonna®. See Ehimekashi Dai28go.

BRS Rubra Cara. Pink-fleshed navel orange with variegated foliage. Origin: Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Brazil, by O. Sampaio Passos, R. Pedroso De Oliveira, and W.D.S. Soares Filho. Natural mutation of Cara Cara. Brazilian PBR 20180204; 30 Aug. 2018. Fruit: spheroid, large, diameter 82 mm; rind medium orange, not variegated; flesh pigmented pinkish red by lycopene; seedless, ornamental, suitable for containers. Tree: foliage variegated green and white; leaf blade length 75.4 mm.

Bruce (Pink Frost™). Cold tolerant red grapefruit with low seed count and good flavor for backyard gardening. Origin: University of Georgia, Tifton, by W.W. Hanna and B. Tucker. In 2007 Bruce Tucker informed W.W. Hanna of a desirable red grapefruit tree, ∼25 years old, that appeared to have established as a seedling in a backyard; it was increased by budding and grafting beginning in 2010 and was tested as Tift C1 at four locations from 2012-2015; introd. 2017. Fruit: diameter 9.55-11.14 cm, 300-500 g; rind tinged with pink on top; juice content per fruit 150-250 ml, 7.5-10 ºBrix; seeds usually <3; ripens November thru January. Tree: depending on rootstock, 4-year-old tree height ranged from 1.55-2.55 m, and canopy width ranged from 1.55-2.45 m; cold hardy USDA Zone 8b.

C 66 75. See Code 66-75.

Citricom 001. Early-ripening navel orange with good fruit quality. Origin: Citricom IP, Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa, by H.J. Breedt. Palmer navel orange mutation. South African PBR applied for. Fruit: spheroid; uniform; medium large, diameter 70-85 mm; navel closed externally, small internally; rind deep orange at maturity, peelability similar to other navels; flesh deep orange, tender; flavor very good with high sugars, good acids, SS/TA ratio 10; seedless; ripens 3-4 weeks before Palmer, mid-April to mid-May in the Southern Hemisphere, mid-October to mid-November in the Northern Hemisphere; has higher quality with better fruit size than competing navel selections (e.g., Fukumoto, Newhall, and Navelina). Tree: similar in growth, shape and yield to other navel selections; self-incompatible, pollen nonviable; mature trees produce 50-60 t/ha.

Clemen Pons. See Clemenpons.

Clemenpons (Clemen Pons). Large-fruited clementine ripening 3 weeks before Clemenules. Origin: J. Pons Bolta, Castellon, Spain. Clemenules mutation disc. 1964 in Pego, Aligante, Spain. CPVO PBR 7987; 6 Aug. 2001. USPP application abandoned. Fruit: oblate, larger than Fina, height 40-50 mm, diameter 55-65 mm, 70-120 g; rind red-orange (RHS 28A-28B), smooth / slightly pebbly, thickness 2 mm, easy to peel when mature; flesh orange (RHS 28C), juice content 46-50%, 10-13 ºBrix, TA 0.8-1.1%; seedless when grown in isolation; ripens up to 3 weeks before Clemenules, a few days after Marisol; hangs well on tree; shipping quality good. Tree: vigor medium; spreading; similar to Clemenules; productive.

Code 66 75 and Code 6675. See Code 66-75.

Code 66-75 (Code 66 75, Code 6675, C 66 75; Phoenix®). Low-seeded tangor. Origin: 2PH Farms, Emerald, Queensland, Australia, by C.R. Pressler. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Murcott (syn. Honey Murcott) tangor; irradiated 1996; selected 1998-2000. Australian PBR 2923; 8 Nov. 2005. Canadian PBR 6023; 26 Aug. 2019. Fruit: oblate, similar to larger than standard Murcott, length 58 mm, diameter 68 mm; rind yellow-orange (RHS 21A), smooth, thin (3.3 mm), dry, adherence to flesh medium; flesh medium orange (RHS 23A), juicy, 11.6 ºBrix, TSS/TA ratio 16.3; seeds 3.9, polyembryonic; ripens late, with standard Murcott, late July to August in Queensland. Tree: similar to standard Murcott; growth habit upright; density of thorns intermediate; leaves small to medium.

Colima 02 (Lise). High yielding true lime. Origin: Inifap-Campo Experimental Tecomán, Colima, Mexico, by M. Robles-González and S. Becerra Rodriguez. Clonal selection of Mexican lime. Mexican PBR 169; 21 Apr. 2005. Fruit: large, diameter up to 35 mm; rind smooth, thin; segments 9-12; flesh yellowish-green, soft, juice content 44-48%; seeds 3-5; ripens most plentifully May-September. Tree: thornless; blooms several times a year, with greater intensity January-March; flower bud petals short; yield high, >35 t/ha, packout high; well adapted to major Mexican lime production areas in Colima and Michoacán.

Cookie. Seedless grapefruit-like hybrid, low in furanocoumarins. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by N. Carmi, Y. Yaniv, and J. Kanonitz. Induced mutation of Cocktail grapefruit-like hybrid (Siamese Sweet pummelo × Frua mandarin). Israeli PBR 3604; 11 Nov. 2018. Fruit: spheroid to slightly oblate, 486 g; rind light greenish during autumn harvest, dark yellow when fully mature, smooth, thin, easy to peel; flesh dark yellow or yellow-orange, juicy; juice content 38.5%, 11 ºBrix; TA 0.5%; naringin content 13,865 ppb; low in furanocoumarins; seedless; ripens October-November in Israel. Tree: large; vigorous.

Cuimi (脆蜜金柑 = Cui Mi Jin Gan = “Crispy Honey Kumquat”). Meiwa-type kumquat with large, sweet, juicy fruit and few or no seeds. Origin: Guangxi University, Liuzhou Fruit Production Office, and Guangxi Rongan Fruit Production Station, Guangxi, China, by H.G. Lan, Z.E. Tang, et al. Huapi kumquat (Fortunella crassifolia) bud mutation, initially selected 2007, finally selected 2014. Chinese MARA PBR CNA20150497.9; 1 Sept. 2017. Fruit: obovoid to spheroid, fruit shape index 1.1; large, length 44 mm, diameter 40 mm, 20.5 g on average, largest 35.6 g; rind golden yellow to orange-red, smooth, with very few oil cells, thickness 1.25 mm; texture crisp, juicy; juice content 56.9%; flavor strong, sweet, 16.46 ºBrix, TA 0.18%, TSS/TA 131.4; vitamin C content 21.05 mg/100 g; no pungent spicy taste; quality excellent; seeds 0.2, nearly seedless; ripens late November to mid-December in Guangxi; stores well. Tree: height 3-5 m; leaves obovate, dark green; yield high, stable, precocious; highly resistant to Huanglongbing, citrus canker (Xanthomonas axonopodis), and drought.

Cuizhi (翠指 = “Green Fingers”). Fingered citron with variegated fruit and leaves. Origin: Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China, by F. Liao, Y. Zong, W. Shao, Y. Li, W. Chen, and W. Guo. Qingpi fingered citron natural bud mutation, selected 2012. Chinese MARA PBR CNA20181330.5; 1 Nov. 2018. Fruit: fingered, small, 100 g; rind of immature fruit variegated, covered by yellow-green stripes, becoming yellow when fully ripe; flesh absent; seedless; suitable for bonsai cultivation. Tree: vigorous and upright when young, becoming more spreading with age; foliage variegated, young leaves green, yellow or mottled, mature leaves yellow-green, moderately thick; top branches striped green and yellow.

Dity. Mid-late season mandarin hybrid with few seeds. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Edit mandarin hybrid, obtained 1989. Israeli PBR 2392; 10 Mar. 2003. USPP 13,457; 7 Jan. 2003. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 44.7 mm, diameter 65 mm, 94.6 g; rind orange (RHS 30B), thin, smooth, peels easily, oil glands moderately conspicuous; segments 9-11; flesh orange (RHS 28B), very juicy; 12.8 ºBrix, TA 1.57%, TSS/TA ratio 8.16 on 20 Jan. 1997; seeds 0-3, monoembryonic; ripens December-January in Israel. Tree: vigorous; canopy moderately dense; productive; pollen fertility 2%; can become alternate bearing; susceptible to Alternaria.

Early Esbal. Early-ripening clementine. Origin: Patrysberg Citrus, Citrusdal, Western Cape, South Africa, by S. Mouton. Esbal clementine bud sport, disc. 2008/2009 in Citrusdal; grafted 2011. South African PBR ZA 20217442; 1 Oct. 2021. USPP 33,535; 5 Oct. 2021. Fruit: spheroid to slightly oblate; height 45 mm, diameter 52 mm, 60-65 g, navel present; rind orange, smooth to somewhat pebbly, thickness 2 mm, easy to peel; segments 10, membrane soft; flesh orange, 10.1 ºBrix; seedless if netted during flowering; ripens mid- to late October in Visalia, CA, 3 weeks before parent, and 3 weeks before Nules; for fresh markets domestic and export, keeping quality good. Tree: vigor medium; density of canopy medium; growth habit upright; tendency to alternate bearing none, parthenocarpy absent; yield 35-50 mt/ha.

Ehimekashi Dai28go (愛媛果試第28号 = “Ehime Fruit Trial No. 28”; Beni Madonna®). Mandarin hybrid with very thin rind and jelly-textured flesh. Origin: Ehime Fruit Tree Experiment Station, Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture, Japan, by K. Kita, Y. Shigematsu, and H. Yakushiji. Amakusa tangor × Nanko mandarin hybrid, crossed 1990. Japanese PBR 15522; 10 Mar. 2003. Fruit: oblate, 250 g; rind deep orange, medium-smooth, very thin, peelability medium-difficult, puffing rare; flesh yellow orange, texture jelly-like, juicy and sweet, 13.1 ºBrix, TA 1.1%, aromatic; usually seedless, but when cross-pollinated may contain a few seeds; ripens mid-December in Matsuyama; rind cracks at stem end may occur and cause rot, but this can be controlled using greenhouse production, plastic mulching and paper bagging; storability somewhat low. Tree: rather large, vigorous; growth habit primarily upright until onset of fruiting; thorns initially robust but become smaller; branches bearing fruit thornless.

Glueck. Virtually acidless lemon. Origin: Citromax Group, Monteros, Tucumán Province, Argentina, by F.J. Maria Carrera, R.E.T. Jun Roldán, and C. Viruel. Virtually acidless sport of unnamed lemon, disc. Finca Los Pocitos grove, Tucuman. USPP 31,769; 19 May 2020. Fruit: elliptic oval with nipple; length 80 mm, diameter 60 mm, 116 g; rind yellow (RHS 6A), greenish yellow (RHS 149A) at end of nipple, thickness 3.5 mm; segments 9.3; flesh yellow (RHS 12A), 8.22 ºBrix, TA 0.054%, TSS/TA ratio 150:1; pH 5.51; aroma lemonlike; seeds 9.45; fruits fall in December in Argentina. Tree: size and vigor medium; canopy spherical, somewhat irregular, with open branches at center; flowers white; blooms August-September in Argentina.

Green Diamond. Valencia sport producing late-ripening navel oranges. Origin: S.E. Green, Dundee, FL. Valencia mutation, disc. Dundee. USPP 9,241; 15 Aug. 1995. Fruit: oblong to oval, similar to Valencia; length 80-90 mm, diameter 64-70 mm; rind yellowish orange, medium coarse to slightly dimpled, thickness similar to Valencia, 3 mm, easy to peel, aroma similar to navel orange, does not puff in late season, can regreen in July-August; navel small, tight, present in all fruit; segments 13-14; juice deep orange, similar to Valencia, darker than navel orange; juice content 56.6%, 14.26 ºBrix, TA 0.98%, TSS/TA ratio 14.55 on 6 June 1994; flavor mild, sweet to slightly tart, similar to navel; limonin content low; virtually seedless, 2 seeds in 24 fruit; ripens late May to July, peak maturity late May to early June; holds on tree through late July to mid-August. Tree: very vigorous; shape similar to Valencia; moderately thorny.

Gremoy47 (Orange Frost™). Cold hardy mandarin hybrid with few seeds, peelable skin. Origin: Greenleaf Nursery, Park Hill, OK, by Y.D. Moy and L. Stein, in San Antonio, TX. Changsha mandarin × unnamed satsuma seedling; crossed 1998, selected 2005. USPP 23,496; 26 Mar. 2013. Fruit: oblate; height 50 mm, diameter 75 mm, 160 g; rind medium orange (RHS 25A), slightly glossy, rugulose, thickness 5 mm; segments 10; flesh medium orange (RHS N24A), juicy, sweet, and tart, 12 ºBrix; seeds 0-2; ripens mid-November to late December; keeps 6-8 weeks in controlled atmosphere. Tree: vigor moderate; upright; fruit set medium, heavily dependent on early spring weather during bloom; cold hardy USDA Zone 8b.

Hadass. Late ripening tangor with high internal quality. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Shaked, M. Hamou, and D. Hesdai. Ellendale tangor O.P. 1971; selected 1975. Israeli PBR 1107; 3 Jan. 1994. USPP 24,948, 7 Oct. 2014. Fruit: slightly oblate; height 50-60 mm, diameter 60-70 g, 130 g; navel opening sometimes present; stylar scar present; rind dark orange (RHS 24A), slightly rough, thin, 1-2 mm, strongly adherent, oiliness low; segments 11; flesh dark orange (RHS 25A), 13 ºBrix, TA 1.14%, TSS/TA ratio 11.48 on 11 Apr.; ripens very late, April in Israel; seeds none or few when grown in isolation, polyembryonic. Tree: vigor strong; shape transverse elliptic; surface of bark nearly smooth; parthenocarpic.

IRM1. Low-seeded mutation of Murcott tangor. Origin: Bundaberg Research Station, Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia, by M.W. Smith. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Murcott (syn. Honey Murcott) tangor, 1991. Australian PBR 2528; 27 July 2004. Fruit: oblate; diameter 70.4 mm, 152 g, firm; rind yellow orange, darker than Murcott, very thin to thin, 3.6 mm, with slight ribbing, may crease when left on tree too long, adherence to flesh medium; flesh orange, semi-hollow, 13-15 ºBrix, TA 1.0-1.3%, TSS/TA ratio 10-14, juice content 52-67%; seeds 6.3 when cross-pollinated; ripens late, with Murcott, mid-August to early October in Sunraysia, Australia. Tree: vigorous; upright, with long branches; pollen viability 41.2%; moderately susceptible to Alternaria.

IRM2. Low-seeded mutation of Murcott tangor. Origin: Bundaberg Research Station, Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia, by M.W. Smith. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Murcott (syn. Honey Murcott) tangor, 1991. Australian PBR 3323; 1 June 2007. Fruit: oblate; length 57 mm, diameter 71 mm, 155 g, firm; rind medium orange, thin, 3.4 mm, with slight ribbing, may crease when left on tree too long, adherence to flesh medium; flesh dark orange with a closed core, 12-15 ºBrix, TA 0.8-1.1%, TSS/TA ratio 11-15, juice content 50-65%; seeds 7.8 when cross-pollinated, polyembryonic; ripens late, 5 weeks after Nadorcott, 4 weeks before IRM1, early July through August in South Africa. Tree: tall, vigorous; upright; thorns few; pollen viability 32%; moderately susceptible to Alternaria.

Jedae (제대온주). Early-ripening satsuma mutation with variegated, corrugated rind and increased flavonoid content. Origin: Jeju University, Jeju, South Korea, by I.J. Kim and J.M. Heo. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Miyagawa satsuma, 2006. International patent application WO2017/003183A3; 5 Jan. 2017 (for “methods or apparatus for hybridisation”). South Korean utility patent 10-1922110; 20 Nov. 2018 (for “processes for modifying phenotypes”). USPP applied for. Fruit: oblate; height 35-65 mm, diameter 46-78 mm, 41-156 g, similar to or slightly greater than parent; rind texture rough, corrugated, color variegated red and orange when mature, not easily peeled; rind thickness 2.1-4.2 mm, similar to or slightly greater than parent; flesh orange, 7.4-11.8 ºBrix, TA 0.69-1.25%; flavonoid content increased, incl. hesperidin and narirutin; ripens late November to mid-December, same as parent. Tree: vigor moderate.

Kedem. Early ripening, easy peeling, low-seeded mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Rishon mandarin hybrid, obtained 1989; tested as 13/5/82. USPP 13,612; 4 Mar. 2003. Fruit: oblate, small to midsize, height 51 mm, diameter 56.5 mm, 79 g; rind orange (RHS 25A), smooth, thin, easy to peel; number of conspicuous oil glands average; segments 9-11; flesh yellow-orange; 14.9 ºBrix, TA 1.02%, TSS/TA ratio 14.55 on 15 Oct.; seeds 0-5 (vs. 5-11 for Rishon), polyembryonic; ripens late September to October in Israel. Tree: vigorous; upright; canopy moderately dense; thorns small; bearing regular; can become alternate bearing; Alternaria resistant.

Lise. See Colima 02.

Liuyuezao (六月早柚 = “June Early pummelo”). Very early-ripening yellow-fleshed pummelo. Origin: Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China, by T. Pan, P. Huang, J. Ye, D. Pan, Z. Fu, H. Pan, Z. Guo, W. She, G. Chen, and Y. Yu. Guanxi pummelo bud sport, disc. 2000 in Xiaoxi, Pinghe, Fujian. Chinese MARA PBR applied for. Fruit: pyriform with a slightly flattened bottom; height 153 mm, diameter 140 mm, 1,213-1,229 g; rind light yellow, smooth, moderately thick, tightly adherent; segments 12-15, membranes moderately thick and tough, difficult to separate; flesh pale yellow, tender, juicy; 10.86 ºBrix, TA 1.09%; flavor sweet and mildly acidic, without bitterness; seeds many, monoembryonic; ripens late July to early August in Fujian, 40-60 d before Guanxi. Tree: moderately large, vigorous; spreading; average yield 68.23-70.88 kg/plant; suited for planting in Fujian, Guangdong, Guanxi, Hainan, and at low altitudes in southern Yunnan.

Mandalate (Late Seedless Mandarin). Triploid, late-season, seedless mandarin hybrid. Origin: G. Reforgiato Recupero, G. Russo, and S. Recupero, Acireale, Italy. Fortune mandarin diploid × Avana mandarin tetraploid, crossed 1989, selected 1998, tested as D8811. CPVO PBR 32940; 18 June 2012. USPP 18,520; 26 Feb. 2008. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 55 mm, diameter 63 mm, 100 g; rind yellow orange, smooth, thin to medium, thickness 4 mm, peels easily; flesh medium orange, low rag, very juicy; juice content 42%, 13.9 ºBrix, TA 1.38%, TSS/TA ratio 10.07 on 24 Jan.; aroma of Mediterranean mandarin; seeds absent or very few; ripens late, February to April in Sicily, end February to end March in Central California; holds well on tree, maintains acidity. Tree: triploid; a bit on the small side; spreading; productivity high, bears consistently from year three, bears inside canopy.

Matiz. Seedless triploid mandarin hybrid. Origin: Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Moncada, Valencia, Spain, by L. Navarro Lucas, J. Cuenca Ibanez, P. Aleza Gil, J. Juarez Roldan, J.A. Pina Lorca, C. Ortega Calabuig, and A. Navarro Lucas. Fortune mandarin × Commune mandarin (syn. Willowleaf, Mediterranean), crossed 1995, fruited 2002-3; tested as IVIA-Tri5, IVIA Tri-5. Spanish PBR 2745; 17 Jan. 2017. Fruit: oblate; diameter 60-70 mm, 120 g; rind deep orange, slightly pebbly, thickness 2.7 mm, easy peeling; flesh orange, melting, rag-free; juice content 46%, sweet-tart, 14 ºBrix; TA 1.6%, TSS/TA ratio 9 in late January; flavor excellent, with characteristic aroma of Mediterranean mandarin; seeds 0.07, virtually seedless; ripens end January to end February in Valencia. Tree: triploid, vigor intermediate; open growth and spherical shape; leaves lanceolate, with Mediterranean mandarin aroma; does not pollinate other cultivars; susceptible to Alternaria.

Merav. Low-seeded midseason mandarin hybrid with high TSS. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Wilking mandarin hybrid × Michal mandarin hybrid, crossed 1978, first fruited 1984, tested as k/32/79. Israeli PBR 1995; 3 Feb. 2000. USPP 13,661; 18 Mar. 2003. Fruit: oblate, midsize, height 53 mm, diameter 60.5 mm, 110 g; rind dark orange (RHS 30B), thin, 2 mm, easy to peel; albedo white; segments 10-11; flesh orange (RHS 28A), flavor excellent; 17.5 ºBrix, TA 1.34%, TSS/TA ratio 13 on 10 Jan.; seeds 0-9, monoembryonic; ripens end December to end January in Israel. Tree: midsize, vigor moderate; growth habit upright; canopy moderately dense; productivity high, slight tendency to alternate bearing, pollen fertility 55%.

Merbeingold 233. See Merbeingold 2336.

Merbeingold 2336 (Merbeingold 233). Early-to-midseason mandarin hybrid, virtually seedless, easy peeling. Origin: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia, by S.R. Sykes. Imperial mandarin hybrid × Ellendale tangor, crossed 1984. Australian PBR 3847; 21 Sept. 2009. USPP 23,068; 29 Sept. 2012. Fruit: oblate; diameter 61-68 mm, 104-146 g; rind medium orange, smooth to very slightly pitted, glossy, thickness medium, 3-5 mm, dry, easy to peel; rind strength not high, better suited to domestic than international shipment; oil glands weakly conspicuous, small and of low density; large fruits tend to puff; segments 7-12, readily separated, segment walls thin, soft; flesh medium orange, soft, sweet, 9-11 ºBrix, TA <1%; virtually seedless (0-3 seeds, mostly 0) even when cross-pollinated, monoembryonic; ripens early to midseason, with Imperial, June-July in Murray Valley, Australia. Tree: growth habit spreading to upright; shape spheroid; density of branches medium; thorns short.

Merbeingold 235. See Merbeingold 2350.

Merbeingold 2350 (Merbeingold 235). Midseason mandarin hybrid, facultatively virtually seedless, easy peeling. Origin: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia, by S.R. Sykes. Imperial mandarin hybrid × Ellendale tangor, crossed 1984. Australian PBR 3917; 21 Sept. 2009. USPP 23,092; 2 Oct. 2012. Fruit: oblate; diameter 57-65 mm, 120-140 g; rind orange to orange-red, smooth to slightly pitted, glossy, thin, 2-3 mm, strong, easy to peel; rind oiliness medium, oil glands conspicuous, small, of medium density; segments 9.1, adherence of segment walls to each other medium, strength of segment walls medium; flesh medium-to-dark orange, fleshy, juicy, 9-15 ºBrix, acidity medium; seeds 0-4 when self-pollinated, 0 to 15 when cross-pollinated, monoembryonic; ripens late June through August in Murray Valley, Australia. Tree: growth habit spreading to upright; shape spheroid-ellipsoid, density of branches medium; thorns absent or very sparse on adult tree; fruits can be snap picked, eliminating the need to clip.

Mihaya (みはや = “Beautiful Early”). Early-ripening mandarin hybrid with good flavor and attractive appearance. Origin: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Ibaraki, Japan, by T. Yoshioka, T. Takahara, R. Matsumoto, H. Fukamachi, N. Hiehata, A. Imai, K. Nonaka, T. Kuniga, N. Mitani, and K. Yoshinaga. Tsunonozomi mandarin hybrid × No. 1408 mandarin hybrid. Japanese PBR 23722; 30 Sept. 2014. Canadian PBR 5968; 1 May 2019. Fruit: oblate to globose; 170 g; rind bright red-orange, texture smooth to medium, thin, moderately easy to peel; fruits exposed to sunlight fade after they are completely colored, so must be protected from direct sunlight; segment membrane soft; flesh dark orange; flavor excellent, 13.2 ºBrix, TA 0.68%, TSS/TA ratio 19.5 on 20 Dec.; aroma similar to Encore; seeds absent or very few in solid blocks, but can be seedy if cross-pollinated, monoembryonic; ripens early December, peak maturity mid-December in Kumamoto Prefecture. Tree: intermediate between upright and spreading; vigor medium; foliage dense; thorns few; moderately resistant to citrus canker and citrus scab (Elsinoe fawcettii).

Miyazakiyumemaru (宮崎夢丸 = “Miyazaki Dream Round”). Triploid, seedless, large-fruited Meiwa kumquat. Origin: Miyazaki Agricultural Experiment Station, Miyazaki, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan, by H. Takeshima, R. Kodama, S. Kurogi, K. Yamaguchi, K. Tokumitsu, T. Aratake, T. Kuroki, T. Kinoshita, R. Hirata, and M. Sano. Diploid Meiwa kumquat × tetraploid Meiwa kumquat, crossed 1997. Japanese PBR 19999; 15 Nov. 2010. Fruit: shape elongated sphere; 15.5 g.; rind dark orange, smooth, thickness medium, oil glands slightly small, density medium, percentage of rind maximum; juice low; sugar content high, 22.0 ºBrix; acidity very low, TA 0.19%; aroma medium; seedless; ripens early, 20 days before Meiwa; distinguished from Puchimaru by medium density of oil vesicles and extremely low acidity; for processing and fresh use. Tree: triploid; small; vigor strong; thorny; length and thickness of branches similar to Meiwa; leaves spindle-shaped, midsize, very narrow; yield slightly lower than Meiwa; alternate bearing tendency low.

Morgan Sunrise Navel. Cara Cara navel orange mutation with variegated leaves. Origin: B.M. Morgan, Exeter, CA. Cara Cara navel orange whole tree mutation, disc. 1999 with variegated leaves, later maturity, pale yellow rather than pink flesh. USPP 21,568; 14 Dec. 2010. Fruit: spheroid to slightly elongate; height 78 mm, diameter 75 mm, 227-425 g; rind orange (RHS N25C, 26A), thickness medium, 4 mm; rind variegated during fruit development, not at maturity; flesh pale yellow-orange (RHS 20D [photos in plant patent appear to show pink flesh]); firm; juicy; dense; sweet and mildly acidic, 13 ºBrix; ripens ∼10 Feb. to 15 Apr. in Exeter; keeps and ships well. Tree: midsize; somewhat upright, more so than Cara Cara; vigor moderate, slightly less vigorous than Cara Cara; canopy open, not dense; productive, more precocious than Cara Cara; leaves variegated, dark green, yellow green, and yellow.

Moria. Late ripening tangor bearing fruit with few or no seeds. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Murcott (Honey Murcott) tangor, obtained 1986 or 1987; tested as 3/38/55. Israeli PBR 2393; 10 Mar. 2003. USPP 13,460; 7 Jan. 2003. Fruit: midsize, height 52 mm, diameter 110 mm, 115 g; rind yellow-orange (RHS 23B), thin, easy to peel; segments 9-11; flesh orange (RHS 25A), juicy; TA 1.3%, TSS/TA ratio 11.54 on Feb. 25; flavor rich; seeds 0-6 (vs. 27 for Murcott), polyembryonic; ripens late, January to mid-April in Israel. Tree: similar to Murcott; vigorous; main branches upright; bearing regular; productivity high.

Nectar. Midseason mandarin hybrid with few or no seeds. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, and A. Elchanati. Self-pollinated cross of Wilking mandarin hybrid, obtained 1979; tested as 56/4. Israeli PBR 1344; 24 Apr. 1995. USPP 13,624; 4 Mar. 2003. Fruit: slightly oblate; midsize, height 46 mm, diameter 68 mm, 98 g; rind orange (RHS 24A), smooth to pebbled, thin, easy to peel; oil glands conspicuous; segments 10-11; flesh orange (RHS 25A); juicy; flavor rich and sweet, 13 ºBrix, TA 0.9%, TSS/TA ratio 14.4 on Jan. 16; seeds <1 in mixed blocks; ripens midseason, January in Israel. Tree: midsize; vigor medium; canopy moderately dense; quite productive with a slight tendency to alternate bearing; leaves resemble Wilking, blades firm and straight in cross section; pollen sterile.

Nora. Late-ripening mandarin hybrid with few or no seeds. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Norit mandarin hybrid, obtained 1989; tested as 8/260/52. Israeli PBR 2391; 10 Mar. 2003. USPP 13,461; 7 Jan. 2003. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 55.4 mm, diameter 72 mm, 145.5 g; rind orange-red (RHS 32B), smooth, thin, easy to peel; segments 11-13; flesh orange (RHS 25A); 14.9 ºBrix, TA 1.44%, TSS/TA ratio 10.37 at end of January; flavor and aroma very pleasant; seeds 0-6 (vs. 13-25 for Norit), monoembryonic; ripens late, mid-January to March in Israel. Tree: similar to Norit, midsize; main branches upright; productivity high; pollen fertility low, 14.5% stained with acetocarmine; can become alternate bearing.

Nulessín. Low-seeded or seedless clementine. Origin: Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Valencia, Spain, by M.J. Asins, J. Juárez, J. Pina, E. Carbonell, and L. Navarro. Gamma irradiation–induced mutation of Clemenules clementine, obtained 1994. Spanish PBR 2487; 6 July 2010. Fruit: oblate, diameter 57-65 mm, 95-105 g, mostly identical to Clemenules except for fewer seeds, slightly smaller fruit size, and higher juice percentage; rind intense orange, thickness 2.0-2.5 mm, easily peeled; flesh orange, juice content 47-55%, 12.5-15.8 ºBrix, TA 0.8-1.45%, TSS/TA ratio 10.5-18.5; seedless when grown in isolation; can have some seeds when cross-pollinated, but 65% fewer than Clemenules; ripens 1 Nov. to 15 Jan. in Valencia. Tree: vigorous, not very thorny, suffers from galls at the graft union; parthenocarpic, self-incompatible, pollen viability low; productive, although girdling may be recommended.

Odem. Easy peeling, seedless or low-seeded midseason mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by N. Carmi, H. Neuman-Leshem, A. Frydman-Shani, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Vardi, A. Elhanati, Y. Yaniv, K. Yeoshua, and A. Daos. Gamma irradiation–induced mutation, obtained 1996, of a hybrid seedling, Orah mandarin hybrid × Shani mandarin hybrid, crossed 1985; selected 2005. Israeli PBR 3082; 5 Feb. 2012. USPP 24,730; 5 Aug. 2014. Fruit: flattened-rounded at stalk end; midsize, height 50-58 mm, diameter 66-78 mm, 114 g; navel opening present, 5-10 mm; rind deep red-orange (RHS 32A), among the reddest of mandarins, smooth to medium rough, thickness medium, 2-3 mm, easy to peel, oiliness medium; oil glands conspicuous; segments 11-12, segment wall weak; flesh light orange (RHS 25B); juice content medium; flavor excellent, 15 ºBrix, TA 0.96%, TSS/TA ratio 15.6; seeds 0-4; ripens midseason, January-February in Israel; shelf life long. Tree: vigor strong; triangular to rounded; canopy dense; main branches semi-upright; parthenocarpic, high yielding, can overcrop; Alternaria resistant, cold sensitive.

Onix Blood. Mid- to late-season blood orange producing many sectorial chimeras. Origin: Agricola Ruiz Valero, Brenes, Spain, by J.F. Ruiz Gil. Sanguinelli blood orange mutation disc. Carmona, Seville, Spain, 2012. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,665; 22 Dec. 2020. Fruit: ovoid; length 77.6 mm, diameter 69.0 mm, 194.3 g in February (compare Sanguinelli, 150.2 g); rind dark red-purple, almost black on 60% of fruits, while the other 40% exhibit smooth sectorial chimeras, with orange stripes on a dark red background, without bumps or raised portions; rind thickness 5.1 mm; segments 11.5; flesh red; juice content 49.3%, 11.7 ºBrix, TA 0.78%, TSS/TA ratio 15 in February; aromatic; seeds 0.9 when self-pollinated, polyembryonic; ripens mid-January to late March in Seville; stores 60-75 days. Tree: vigor similar to Sanguinelli; bark red-purple (Sanguinelli bark has red areas on an orange background); thorns absent or sparse; parthenocarpic, self-compatible; yield high.

Orange Frost™. See Gremoy47.

Parga No. 2. Clementine ripening 9-10 days before standard clementine. Origin: A. Silvestre, Fresno, CA. Clementine tree mutation disc. 2007 near Fresno, CA. USPP 21,579; 21 Dec. 2010. Fruit: globose to oblong; small to midsize, height 44.5-61.7 mm, diameter 44.2-64 mm, 110.9-113.4 g; rind cadmium, slightly pebbled to rugose, thickness 2-4 mm; segments 12-14, membrane tender; flesh golden glow; moderately juicy, 11 ºBrix, TSS/TA ratio 12.0; seedless; ripens 14-18 Oct. in San Joaquin Valley, CA, 9-10 d before parent; hangs well on tree; keeps and ships well. Tree: vigorous; upright with a spreading shape; productivity regular; leaves elliptic to oblong, large for mandarin.

Patensie Early (PE1). Early-ripening mutation of Nadorcott mandarin hybrid. Origin: Citrigene, Humansdorp, Eastern Cape, South Africa, by G. Ferreira. Spontaneous mutation of Nadorcott. South African PBR ZA 20186730; 2 Oct. 2017. USPP 33,038; 11 May 2021. Fruit: slightly oblate, less oblate and more spheroid than Nadorcott; height 37-53 mm, diameter 42-62 mm, 90 g; rind deep orange (RHS 25B), less prone to radial grooves than Nadorcott, smooth, thickness 2.5-3.0 mm, slightly thinner than Nadorcott, easy peeling; segments 9-11, segment walls tender; after peeling, little albedo adheres to outer segment walls; flesh orange-red (RHS N30D); texture smooth; juice content 50%, 12 ºBrix, TA 1.0-1.2%; seedless when not cross-pollinated by compatible pollen, seeds numerous when cross-pollinated, polyembryonic; ripens 2-3 weeks before Nadorcott, June 6 to July 25 in South Africa. Tree: vigor strong; density open to medium, similar to Nadorcott; self-incompatible; yield high, similar to Nadorcott.

Phoenix®. See Code 66-75.

Pink Frost™. See Bruce.

Pomelit. Pummelo hybrid with very thin rind and pink, tender, juicy flesh. Origin: Citrus and Subtropical Fruit Research Institute, Nelspruit (now Mbombela), Mpumalanga Province, South Africa; developed by Outspan Citrus Center, Nelspruit; by J.H. de Lange and S. Burdette. Djeroek Delima Kapjor pummelo O.P. (possibly male parent was a grapefruit), selected 1978. South African PBR ZA 93968; 20 Mar. 1993. Fruit: spheroid to slightly oval; diameter 120 mm, 620 g; rind light yellow to yellow-green, pink-blushed when grown in hot regions, smooth, extremely thin; as grown in Riverside, CA, flesh whitish with slight pink tinge around segment walls; as grown in hot regions of eastern South Africa, flesh pink, more intensely so adjacent to segment walls, extremely tender, less coarse and ricey than pummelos; juicy; juice content 39-43.2%, 10.6-15.4 ºBrix, TA 1.15%, segments 12-13, regular; seedless when grown in isolation; seedy when cross-pollinated; ripens early. Tree: vigorous, with weak and narrow crotch angle resulting in limb splitting under a typically heavy crop load if not supported; pollen germination percentage high, 29.7%-74.3%.

Powell Late Navel (Powell Summer Navel). Late-ripening navel orange. Origin: Curlwaa, New South Wales, Australia, by C.N. Powell and J. Powell. Washington navel orange mutation disc. 1979 in Curlwaa. Australian PBR 1517; 14 June 2000; terminated 18 Nov. 2008. USPP 6,733; 11 Apr. 1989. Fruit: oblate to ellipsoid or obovoid; midsize-large, diameter 75-85 mm, 230-260 g; navel open, large; rind orange to deep orange (RHS 26A), darker than Lane Late, pebbled, medium-thick, 4.8 mm, adherence to flesh moderate; oil glands conspicuous and moderately dense; segments 11-12, membranes thin, tough; flesh orange; juicy; flavor rich, with acid and sugar well blended, 13.4 ºBrix, TA 0.76%; limonin content similar to Washington, 7.3-11.6 ppm, but bitter taste usually associated with limonin after fruit is juiced is absent; seedless; ripens June-November in southwestern New South Wales, matures slightly later than other late navels such as Autumn Gold, Barnfield, and Chislett. Tree: vigor medium to strong; dense; spreading; thorns present on water sprouts; leaves large, lanceolate although somewhat variable; pollen inviable.

Powell Summer Navel. See Powell Late Navel.

Premier Murcott™ . See 11C017R.

Queen (Th01-Queen). Mid-late-ripening satsuma hybrid, large, easily peeled, virtually seedless in solid blocks. Origin: E. de Teresa Cortes, El Puig, Valencia, Spain. Satsuma O.P. disc. Pilar de la Horadada, Alicante, Spain 1987; fruit production and evaluation began 1995. CPVO PBR 33910; 17 Dec. 2012. USPP 22,062; 9 Aug. 2011. Fruit: oblate; height 45.2 mm, diameter 65.9 mm, 100-150 g; diameter of stylar scar very large; rind reddish orange (RHS 30A), smooth, glossy, thickness medium, dry, adherence to flesh medium; navel occasionally present as viewed internally; core open; flesh medium orange (RHS 30D); juicy; soft; sweet and lightly acidic, 13 ºBrix, TA 1.05%; aroma pleasant; seedless or virtually seedless in solid blocks, seed count medium when open pollinated; ripens mid- to late season, mid-January to end April in Alicante. Tree: shape oblate; growth habit drooping; thorns absent or sparse; leaves dark green; tolerant to citrus tristeza virus and Alternaria.

Rinoka (璃の香). Lemon hybrid with moderate acidity, strongly resistant to citrus canker. Origin: National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Ibaraki, Japan, by T. Yoshida, H. Nesumi, T. Yoshioka, S. Ota, M. Kita, T. Kuniga, M. Nonomura, N. Nakajima, H. Hamada, F. Takishita, and S. Murase. Lisbon lemon × Hyuganatsu, crossed 1991, selected 2001. Japanese PBR 24081; 20 Mar. 2015. Canadian PBR 5966; 1 May 2019. Fruit: spheroid to pyriform to classic lemon shape, apex protruding, neck short; rind yellow, smooth, thickness medium; oil glands very few, midsize; albedo white; flesh yellow-white; not bitter; sweetness low to medium; acidity medium; flavor balance moderately acidic; seeds few, monoembryonic; ripens midseason. Tree: large; vigor strong; growth habit upright; shoot density sparse to medium, internode length medium, thorny; leaves long, width medium, spindle-shaped, young leaves have no anthocyanin; petals slightly purple; strongly resistant to citrus canker and citrus scab.

Roe™. See WG3.

Rusty. Early-season navel orange. Origin: RJ and DK Anderson Pty., Boundary Bend, Victoria, Australia, by R. Anderson. Fukumoto navel orange limb sport, disc. 2015. Australian PBR 6570; 18 Jan. 2022. Fruit: midsize, ratio of length to diameter medium to large; depression at stalk end shallow; radial grooves at stalk end short to medium; navel present, diameter medium, bulging absent or weak; rind medium orange, smooth to medium; oil glands medium, conspicuousness very weak; rind thickness medium; albedo light yellow; flesh medium orange; juiciness medium; TSS and TA medium; seedless; ripens early, before Fukumoto. Tree: growth habit spreading; thorns absent or sparse, very short; leaf blade length and width medium, medium green; parthenocarpic, self-incompatibility absent.

Safor. Mid-late-season triploid mandarin hybrid. Origin: Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Valencia, Spain, by L. Navarro, J. Juárez, P. Aleza, J. Cuenca, J. Manuel Julve, and J. Antonio Pina. Diploid Fortune mandarin hybrid × tetraploid Kara mandarin hybrid, crossed 1996, selected 2004, tested as IVIA Tri 2. CPVO PBR 33912; 17 Dec. 2012. USPP 21,581; 21 Dec. 2010. Fruit: oblate with a convex base; height 52 mm, diameter 56 mm, 98 g; rind dark orange (RHS 28B), similar to Nova, smooth, glossy, thickness 2.5 mm, adherence to flesh medium, easy to peel, oiliness medium; segments 9-10; flesh dark orange (RHS 28B); juice content 42%; flavor mildly acidic, 15.1 ºBrix, TA 1.9%, TSS/TA ratio 8.5-10; seedless; ripens medium-late, mid-February to early April at Moncada, Valencia; stores well. Tree: triploid; vigorous; growth habit erect-drooping; shape commonly obloid-ellipsoid; tolerant to CTV and Alternaria; leaves dark green.

Shani. Late-season mandarin hybrid with red-orange rind and few seeds. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, and A. Elchanati. Wilking mandarin hybrid × Michal mandarin hybrid, crossed 1976. Israeli PBR 810; 22 Feb. 1991. USPP 13,634; 11 Mar. 2003. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 49 mm, diameter 65 mm, 112 g; small navel attached to inner part of peel; rind red-orange (RHS 34A), smooth, thin, 2 mm; oil glands conspicuous; segments 10-12; flesh orange (RHS 25A); flavor and aroma excellent, 12.8 ºBrix, TA 1.09%, TSS/TA ratio 11.8 on Feb. 21; seeds 0-9, polyembryonic; ripens late, February to mid-March in Bet Dagan. Tree: upright and spreading, canopy moderately dense, moderately vigorous.

Sigal. Late-season, easy peeling, seedless mandarin hybrid with excellent flavor. Origin: Orah mandarin hybrid × Shani mandarin hybrid, crossed 1995, selected 2006. Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by N. Carmi, H. Neuman-Leshem, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Vardi, A. Elhanati, Y. Yaniv, Y. Kanonich, L. Fanberstein, and Y. Eyal. Israeli PBR 3070; 20 June 2011. USPP 33,872; 18 Jan. 2022. Fruit: oblate; height 45-54 mm, diameter 65-80 mm, 130-155 g; radial grooves at stalk end absent; navel opening sometimes present; rind dark orange (RHS 28B), medium rough, thin, oiliness weak, easy peeling; core open; albedo pale orange; segments 11-12, segment walls strong; flesh dark orange (RHS 25B); juice content 46%, 15.8 ºBrix; TA 1.2%; TSS/TA ratio 13.16; seeds absent or very few, undeveloped; ripens mid-January to mid-March in Israel; keeps well. Tree: vigor strong; density of canopy medium; main branches nearly upright; Alternaria resistant; parthenocarpic.

Southern Frost™ . See Tift C26.

Star Cott 1 (Super Cott 1; Starcott 1). Low-seeded mutation of Nadorcott mandarin hybrid, ripening 6-7 weeks earlier. Origin: Qualioagro, Casablanca, Morocco, by M. Zemzami. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Nadorcott, obtained 2013; grafted in Kénitra, Morocco; tested in Beni Mellal, Morocco. Moroccan PBR applied for. USPP 33,563; 19 Oct. 2021. Fruit: oblate; height 63 mm, diameter 65 mm; rind smooth, reddish orange, thickness 2.95 mm, peels easily, with medium albedo strands present; segments 9-11, membrane thin; flesh strong reddish orange, soft; juice content >50%, 10-13 ºBrix, TA 1.2% to 0.75%; seeds 1 under heavy open field cross-pollination, polyembryonic; ripens 6-7 weeks before Nadorcott, December in Beni Mellal; similar to parent in tolerance to spring heat and winter frost. Tree: shape ellipsoid; growth habit upright; vegetation dense; branches thornless; trunk bark smooth; leaves lanceolate, long, narrow; pollen viability low, 6.5% vs. 60% for parent.

Star Cott 3 (Super Cott 3; Starcott 3). Low-seeded mutation of Nadorcott mandarin hybrid, ripening 2 weeks later. Origin: Qualioagro, Casablanca, Morocco, by M. Zemzami. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Nadorcott, obtained 2013; grafted in Kénitra, Morocco; tested in Beni Mellal, Morocco. Moroccan PBR applied for. USPP 33,655; 23 Nov. 2021. Fruit: height 65 mm, diameter 65-67 mm; rind smooth, slightly reddish orange (RHS 32C), thickness 3.12 mm, peels easily, albedo pinkish white; segments 9-11, membrane thin; flesh slightly reddish orange (RHS N25B); soft; juice content >50%, 10-13 ºBrix, TA 1.3% to 0.75%; seeds 0.5 under heavy cross-pollination, polyembryonic; ripens 2 weeks after Nadorcott, late January to late February in Beni Mellal; similar to parent in tolerance to spring heat and winter frost. Tree: shape ellipsoid; growth habit compact; branches thornless; trunk bark smooth; vegetation thinner than Star Cott 1, with elongated branches and large leaves; pollen viability low, 8% vs. 60% for parent; does not seem to be sensitive to Alternaria; adapted to very high-density planting (1666 trees/ha).

Starcott 1. See Star Cott 1.

Starcott 3. See Star Cott 3.

Super Cott 1. See Star Cott 1.

Super Cott 3. See Star Cott 3.

Sweet Cott 2. Virtually seedless, late-ripening mandarin hybrid, suited for high density planting. Origin: Qualiagro, Casablanca, Morocco, by M. Zemzami. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of selection of AS-2 (introduced from Saudi Arabia; aka Fun 2; similar to US Furr) mandarin hybrid, obtained 2013; grafted in Kénitra, Morocco; tested in Beni Mellal, Morocco. Moroccan PBR applied for. USPP 33,700; 30 Nov. 2021. Fruit: spherical to slightly oblate; height 70 mm, diameter 71.5 mm (vs. 95 mm for parent); rind strong reddish orange (RHS N30B), slightly rough, thickness 2.2 mm; segments 9-11, membrane thin; fruit axis hollow; flesh reddish orange (RHS 31A); juice content >50%, 11-15 ºBrix, TA 1.2 to 0.85%; seeds 0.3 under heavy cross-pollination (vs. 19 for parent), polyembryonic; ripens last week March to 3rd week April in Beni Mellal; less susceptible than parent to damage by Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata); intended primarily for fresh fruit use, but may also serve for juice extraction. Tree: vigor low; growth habit upright; compared to parent, exhibits less fruit drop and alternate bearing; pollen viability low, 7.2% vs. 60% for parent; suited for high-density planting, 1,666 trees/ha; yield lower than Sweet Cott 3.

Sweet Cott 3. Low-seeded, late-ripening mandarin hybrid. Origin: Qualiagro, Casablanca, Morocco, by M. Zemzami. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of a selection of AS-2 (introduced from Saudi Arabia; aka Fun 2; similar to US Furr) mandarin hybrid, obtained 2013; grafted in Kénitra, Morocco; tested in Beni Mellal, Morocco. Moroccan PBR applied for. USPP 33,656; 23 Nov. 2021. Fruit: spherical to slightly oblate; height 70 mm, diameter 68-80 mm (vs. 95 mm for parent); rind strong reddish orange (RHS N30B), smooth but with a slightly rough look due to conspicuous oil glands, thickness 2.2 mm; segments 11-13, membrane thin; fruit axis hollow; flesh reddish orange (RHS N25B); juice content >50%, 11-16 ºBrix, TA 1.2 to 0.75%; seeds 2 under heavy cross-pollination (vs. 19 for parent), polyembryonic; ripens mid-March to mid-April in Beni Mellal; less susceptible than parent to damage by Mediterranean fruit fly; intended primarily for fresh fruit use, but may also serve for juice extraction. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright; compared to parent, exhibits less fruit drop and alternate bearing; pollen viability low, 12% vs. 60% for parent; yield higher than Sweet Cott 2.

Sweet Martin. Washington navel orange sport ripening 2 weeks earlier. Origin: J.K. Martin, Sanger, CA. Old Line Washington navel orange limb sport, disc. Sanger 1980s. USPP 8,238; 25 May 1993. Fruit: globose to depressed globose; diameter 60-76 mm; rind orange, smooth to slightly dimpled; segments 10-12 (vs. 9-10 for parent); flesh orange; firm; flavor mild, sweet, and slightly tart, 11.0 ºBrix, TA 1.3%; juice content 43.7%; seedless; ripens early, 2 weeks before parent, mid-late October; stores well on tree into early May, with no tendency to regreen. Tree: typical size for navel orange; vigorous; bushy with well-rounded top.

Tami. Early-season, easy peeling, seedless or low-seeded mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Temple tangor × Michal mandarin hybrid, crossed 1980. Israeli PBR 2070; 27 July 2000. USPP 13,709; 1 Apr. 2003. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 51 mm, diameter 59 mm, 95 g; rind yellow-orange (RHS 23B), smooth, thin, thickness 3 mm, easy to peel, oil glands conspicuous; segments 9-11; flesh yellow-orange (RHS 23B); flavor pleasant; 13.5 ºBrix, TA 1.1%, TSS/TA ratio 9.0 on 29 Oct.; generally seedless, may contain a few polyembryonic seeds when cross-pollinated; ripens October-November in Bet Dagan. Tree: small to midsize; canopy less dense than parents.

Tarocco Rosso. Highly colored Tarocco blood orange mutation. Origin: Istituto Sperimentale per l'Agrumicoltura (now CREA-ACM), Acireale, Italy. Tarocco mutation, disc. Lentini, Sicily; sanitized 1987. Fruit: spheroid to slightly ovoid with concave base, neck present; diameter 83 mm, 190-251 g; rind red-blushed when mature in Sicily, orange-yellow with minor red blush in Sunraysia, Victoria, Australia; rind finely pebbled, peelability medium to good; flesh intensely red when fully mature or overmature in March in Sicily, internal pigmentation less pronounced and more erratic in Australia, intensity varying with weather and location; juice content 48%, 9.5 ºBrix, TA 0.85%, TSS/TA ratio 11.1 in Sunraysia; seeds <1, nearly seedless; ripens end December through February in Sicily, mid-July to mid-August in Sunraysia; does not store well on tree and quickly deteriorates when it reaches full maturity in Australia. Tree: resembles standard Tarocco; vigor medium; upright; yield medium, constant; susceptible to winds, mal secco (Phoma tracheiphila), and Citrus psorosis ophiovirus.

Th01-Queen. See Queen.

Tift C26 (Southern Frost™). Cold tolerant navel orange with low seed count and good flavor for backyard gardening. Origin: University of Georgia, Tifton, by W.W. Hanna and K. Giddens. In 2009 K. Giddens informed W.W. Hanna of 2 orange trees, ∼25 years old, that appear to have established as seedlings in a private backyard; these trees, tested as Tift C25 and Tift C26, were increased by budding and grafting beginning in 2009. Tift C25 was killed by the 2009/2010 winter; Tift C26 showed no cold damage and was tested at two locations from 2017-2019; introd. 2020. Fruit: diameter 3.13-4.14 cm, 400-500 g; juice content per fruit 150-200 ml, 9-11 ºBrix; seeds usually 1 or none; ripens November thru January. Tree: depending on rootstock, 5-year-old tree height ranged from 1.90 to 2.50 m, and canopy width ranged from 2.0 to 3.0 m; cold hardy USDA zone 8b.

Tsunokaori (津之香; Tangor Norin No. 3). Late-season, nearly seedless mandarin hybrid. Origin: Fruit Tree Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan, by N. Okudai, I. Oiyama, R. Matsumoto, T. Takahara, D. Ishiuchi, K. Asada, and M. Yamamoto. Kiyomi tangor × Okitsu satsuma, crossed 1972; tested as Kuchinotsucho No. 12; registered as Tangor Norin No. 3. USPP 8,559; 25 Jan. 1994. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 46 mm, diameter 61 mm, 160 g; rind orange to yellowish orange, smooth, thin, 2.8 mm, can be peeled although moderately adherent; does not puff; segment membrane thin; flesh orange, tender, moderately juicy, sweet, 13-15 ºBrix; acidity moderate; flavor rich; aroma orangelike; nearly seedless, polyembryonic; ripens late, late March to mid-April; storability on tree moderate, storability postharvest good. Tree: vigor medium; spreading, drooping, foliage dense, branches midsize, thornless; leaves smaller than parents; productive, constant; resistant to cold and citrus scab, moderately resistant to citrus canker, low incidence of stem pitting due to CTV.

UF RedLime. Finger lime that develops deep red pigmentation in Florida. Origin: University of Florida, Lake Alfred, by M. Dutt. Hybrid between two selections of red finger lime (Citrus australasica var. sanguinea), crossed 2014; selected 2018. USPP 34,188; 3 May 2022. Fruit: cylindrical with a blunt protuberance on both ends, length 106.65 mm, width 25.9 mm, 25.8 g; rind dark red (RHS 187B), smooth, thickness 0.97 mm; locules 3-5; juice vesicles ovoid to pyriform, firm, crunchy, moderate red (RHS 180A), does not require prolonged cold induction to express anthocyanin both externally and internally under Florida conditions; pulp detaches easily from locules; juiciness moderate; 13.8 ºBrix, TA 2.8%, SS/TA ratio 4.9; seeds 8-25, monoembryonic; ripens sporadically throughout year, with main harvest November-December in Lake Alfred. Tree: medium small; vigor moderate; growth habit both upright and lateral; density moderate; leaves dimorphic; flowers primarily late February to March; self-fertile; precocious, yield from 4-year-old tree 80 fruits; grows well under endemic huanglongbing (HLB), but actual level of HLB tolerance not yet known.

Valley Gold (Arccit 1614). Late-season, seedless or low-seeded mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Council—Tropical and Subtropical Crops, Mbombela, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, by J.E. Miller, J.G.J. Maritz, and I.J. Froneman. Ellendale tangor × Robin mandarin hybrid, crossed 1980; seeds extracted and irradiated 1981; selected 1992; tested as X83-2505/5 in Addo, Eastern Cape, South Africa. South African PBR ZA 20043214; 7. Nov. 2004. USPP 20,688; 26 Jan. 2010. Fruit: oblate; length 47.1 mm, diameter 60 mm, 131.4 g; proximal part slightly rounded; rind dark orange (RHS 28A), slightly pebbled, thickness 2 mm, easy to peel; segments 8-10; flesh dark orange (RHS 28A); texture coarse, rag tough, juicy; juice content 58.1%, 11.2-14.4 ºBrix, TA 0.98-1.18%, TSS/TA ratio 11.1-12.2; seedless in solid blocks, seed count <3 in mixed blocks; season mid-end July in South Africa; ships and stores well. Tree: vigor and density medium; moderately spreading; small thorns, although fruit-bearing branches tend to become thornless.

Vered. Large, low-seeded midseason mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Satsuma (cultivar unspecified) × Michal mandarin, crossed 1982, tested as 21/8/3. Israeli PBR 1996; 3 Feb. 2000. USPP 13,617; 4 Mar. 2003. Fruit: somewhat oblate; medium to large, height 63 mm, diameter 79 mm, 210 g; rind red-orange (RHS 34A), smooth, thin, easy to peel; albedo green-white; segments 10-11; flesh dark orange; flavor very pleasant; 14.3 ºBrix, TA 1.4%, TSS/TA ratio 10.16 on 10 Jan.; seeds 0-9, cotyledons green, polyembryonic; ripens last week December to end January in Israel. Tree: moderately vigorous; upright to somewhat spreading; canopy moderately dense; fruit-bearing branches thornless; quite productive, tends slightly to alternate bearing; pollen 54% acetocarmine stained.

WG17 (Autumn Honey®). Large-fruited, easy peeling mandarin hybrid with a meaty, crunchy texture. Origin: GJH LLC, Winter Haven, FL, by B. Roe. Unknown seed parent × Murcott (syn. Honey Murcott) tangor, crossed 2000, selected 2006. USPP 24,464; 20 May 2014. Fruit: not as round as an orange, but not too oblate; large, height 62 mm, diameter 75 mm, 180-280 g, firm; rind orange (RHS 28B), tight, very thin, 1.5 mm, very smooth, very easy peeling; segments 11-12; flesh orange (RHS 28B); texture crunchy like pummelo; flavor tart, sweet, 11.3 ºBrix, TA 0.44%, TSS/TA ratio 25.7; seeds <2, aborted; ripens 10 Oct. to Dec. 1 in Florida; takes ethylene gas very well; stores minimum 60 d at 2 ºC. Tree: vigor good with heavy spring flush; somewhat spreading; canopy density average; crops heavily.

WG3 (Roe™). Early to midseason, low-seeded, easy peeling mandarin hybrid. Origin: GJH LLC, Winter Haven, FL, by B. Roe. Hybrid of two unnamed proprietary seedlings, crossed 2001, selected 2006. USPP 24,465; 20 May 2014. Fruit: oblate; height 50 mm, diameter 65-70 mm, 60-155 g; segments 8-12; rind orange-red (RHS 30B), mostly smooth, thin, 2 mm, easily peeled, peels very dry with little albedo or mess; flesh orange (RHS 28A); flavor sweet-tart, keeps acidity, 11.45 ºBrix, TA 1.05%, TSS/TA ratio 10.9; seeds <2, flat and misshapen; ripens 10 Nov. to 10-15 Jan. in Florida; stores minimum 21 d at 2 ºC. Tree: vigor good; growth habit narrow; bears fruit inside or on heavy limbs that weep down under heavy crop set; appears to tolerate HLB much better than most mandarins.

Wiffen Summer Navel. Late-season navel orange with good fruit quality. Origin: Yandilla Park Ltd., Renmark, South Australia, by A. Weigall. Parentage unknown, disc. as a young tree in a Valencia orange grove in Nangiloc, Victoria, Australia 1987. USPP 11,246; 29 Feb. 2000. Fruit: globose to ovoid; length 80 mm, diameter 74 mm, 251-292 g; navel small, open, diameter 9 mm; rind orange, grained, adherent to pulp, thickness 5.7 mm at base and median, 7.9 mm at apex; flesh orange (RHS 25A), fine, tender; flavor good, with sugar and acid well balanced, 13.3 ºBrix, TA 0.63%; juice content 60%; aroma medium; seedless; ripens November-February in Sunraysia, later and with better fruit quality than Lane Late; ripens February to June in Riverside, CA. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit spreading to intermediate; thornless; susceptibility to insects and diseases average.

Yanov. Early-season seedless mandarin hybrid. Origin: Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, Bet Dagan, Israel, by A. Vardi, P. Spiegel-Roy, A. Frydman-Shani, A. Elchanati, and H. Neumann. Gamma irradiation–induced bud mutation of Nova mandarin hybrid, obtained 1987-1988; tested as 1/22/20. USPP 13,627; 4 Mar. 2003. Fruit: oblate; midsize, height 58 mm, diameter 65 mm, 120 g; rind orange (RHS 25A), thin, easy to peel; albedo white; segments 11-13; flesh orange (RHS 25A), juicy, 13.2 ºBrix, TA 1.1%, TSS/TA ratio 12 on 16 Dec.; seedless (vs. 9-25 for Nova); ripens mid-November to December in Israel. Tree: similar to Nova, moderately vigorous; upright; canopy moderately dense; thorns few; bearing regular and high; pollen fertility very low, 2% of pollen grains stained by acetocarmine; may develop alternate bearing.

CITRUS ROOTSTOCKS

Kim D. Bowman, USDA-ARS, U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL

Jude Grosser, Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, FL

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

Civac 19. Dwarfing rootstock suited for high-density plantings of oranges, mandarins, and lemons. Origin: Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Valencia, Spain, and Agromillora Iberia, Barcelona, by M.A. Forner-Giner, Valencia. Cleopatra mandarin × unnamed trifoliate orange, first asexually reproduced 2000. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,495; 24 Nov. 2020. Plant: upright; growth rate medium; leaves trifoliate; trunk surface texture smooth; fruit slightly rounded, height 49 mm, diameter 55 mm, 69 g; rind dark orange, rough, with no pubescence, thickness 4.36 mm, ease of peeling high, aroma citrus; flesh medium yellow orange; seeds 21; ripens January-February in Valencia; holds well on tree, stores well; used for seeds only. Rootstock performance: vigor low; growth habit weeping; imparts high fruit quality to scion; fruit hangs for a long time on tree; resistant to citrus tristeza virus and Phytophthora, tolerant to cold; not tolerant to heat or drought.

US-1279. Standard size rootstock for sweet orange and other citrus scions that appears to provide some improved tolerance to Huanglongbing (HLB) at Florida flatwoods sites. Origin: USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL, by K.D. Bowman. Changsha mandarin × Gotha Road trifoliate orange, crossed 1995 at A.H. Whitmore Foundation Farm, Groveland, FL; tested as BS95-V3-11; released 2014. Plant: upright; growth rate medium; leaves trifoliate; does not produce true-to-type seedlings, so uniform seed propagation is impossible; propagation is recommended by stem cuttings for small quantities, or tissue culture for large quantities. Rootstock performance: provides superior fruit productivity with sweet orange as compared with trees on Swingle rootstock grown in the Florida flatwoods, and infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agent of HLB; fruit size and TSS/acid ratio was significantly higher for Hamlin orange on US-1279 than on Swingle; trees on US-1279 appear to be more tolerant to HLB than Swingle in the East Coast Florida flatwoods, but did not appear to be superior to trees on Swingle or Carrizo rootstocks at a Florida ridge site with HLB.

US-1281. Standard size rootstock for sweet orange and other citrus scions that appears to provide some improved tolerance to Huanglongbing (HLB) at Florida flatwoods sites. Origin: USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL, by K.D. Bowman. Cleopatra mandarin × Gotha Road trifoliate orange, crossed 1995 at A.H. Whitmore Foundation Farm, Groveland, FL; tested as BS95-V5-10; released 2014. Plant: upright; growth rate medium; leaves trifoliate; does not produce true-to-type seedlings, so uniform seed propagation is impossible; propagation is recommended by stem cuttings for small quantities, or tissue culture for large quantities. Rootstock performance: provides superior fruit productivity with sweet orange as compared with trees on Swingle rootstock grown in the Florida flatwoods, and infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agent of HLB; fruit size and TSS/acid ratio were significantly higher for Hamlin orange on US-1281 than on Swingle; trees on US-1281 appear to be more tolerant to HLB than Swingle in the East Coast Florida flatwoods.

US-1282. Standard size rootstock for sweet orange and other citrus scions that appears to provide some improved tolerance to Huanglongbing (HLB) at Florida flatwoods sites. Origin: USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL, by K.D. Bowman. Cleopatra mandarin × Gotha Road trifoliate orange, crossed 1995 at A.H. Whitmore Foundation Farm, Groveland, FL; tested as BS95-V5-78; released 2014. Plant: upright; growth rate medium; leaves trifoliate; does not produce true-to-type seedlings, so economical seed propagation is impossible; propagation is recommended by stem cuttings for small quantities, or tissue culture for large quantities. Rootstock performance: provides superior fruit productivity with sweet orange as compared with trees on Swingle rootstock grown in the Florida flatwoods, and infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agent of HLB; fruit size and TSS/acid ratio were significantly higher for Hamlin orange on US-1282 than on Swingle; trees on US-1282 appear to be more tolerant to HLB than Swingle in the East Coast Florida flatwoods.

US-1283. Standard size rootstock for sweet orange that appears to provide some improved tolerance to Huanglongbing (HLB) at Florida flatwoods sites. Origin: USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL, by K.D. Bowman. Ninkat mandarin × Gotha Road trifoliate orange, crossed 1995 at A.H. Whitmore Foundation Farm, Groveland, FL; tested as BS95-V6-14; released 2014. Plant: upright; growth rate medium; leaves trifoliate; produces numerous seeds and a high percentage of true-to-type seedlings, and is thus suited for nursery seed propagation. Rootstock performance: provides superior fruit productivity with sweet orange as compared with trees on Swingle rootstock grown in the Florida flatwoods, and infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agent of HLB; fruit size was significantly larger for Hamlin orange on US-1283 than on Swingle, while TSS/acid ratio was similar; trees on US-1283 appear to be more tolerant to HLB than Swingle in the East Coast Florida flatwoods, but did not appear to be clearly superior to trees on Swingle or Carrizo at a Florida ridge site with HLB; preliminary studies indicate some graft compatibility problems with Bearss lemon, Star Ruby grapefruit, and Tango mandarin scions on US-1283 seedling rootstocks.

US-1284. Standard size rootstock for sweet orange and other citrus scions that appears to provide some improved tolerance to Huanglongbing (HLB) at Florida flatwoods sites. Origin: USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL, by K.D. Bowman. Ninkat mandarin × Gotha Road trifoliate orange, crossed 1995 at A.H. Whitmore Foundation Farm, Groveland, FL; tested as BS95-V6-24; released 2014. Plant: upright; growth rate medium; leaves trifoliate; produces numerous seeds and a high percentage of true-to-type seedlings, and is thus suited for nursery seed propagation. Rootstock performance: provides superior fruit productivity with sweet orange as compared with trees on Swingle rootstock grown in the Florida flatwoods, and infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agent of HLB. Fruit size was significantly larger for Hamlin orange on US-1284 than on Swingle, while TSS/acid ratio was similar; trees on US-1284 appear to be more tolerant to HLB than Swingle in the East Coast Florida flatwoods, but did not appear to be clearly superior to trees on Swingle or Carrizo at a Florida ridge site with HLB.

US-1516. Standard size rootstock for sweet orange and other citrus scions that appears to provide some improved tolerance to Huanglongbing (HLB) at Florida ridge sites. Origin: USDA-ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL, by K.D. Bowman, H. Barrett, and T.G. McCollum. African pummelo × Flying Dragon trifoliate orange, crossed 1975 at USDA Date and Citrus Station, Indio, CA, by H. Barrett; hybrid seed from the cross was planted at A.H. Whitmore Foundation Farm, Groveland, FL 1976; released 2015. Plant: upright; medium growth rate; leaves trifoliate; produces numerous seeds and a high percentage of true-to-type seedlings, and is thus suited for nursery seed propagation. Rootstock performance: provides superior tree health, superior fruit productivity, and good fruit quality with sweet orange trees grown on the Florida ridge and infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the causal agent of HLB; in a trial with Valencia orange trees severely affected by HLB, trees on US-1516 rootstock had the best survival, and a good tree health rating, compared to trees on common rootstocks; Valencia fruit quality for trees on US-1516 was good, with large fruit size (212 g), intermediate TSS (9.41%), high TSS/acid ratio (12.5), and high juice color number (CN=38.6) at harvest time in April.

CRANBERRY

Nicholi Vorsa, Dept. of Plant Biology and Pathology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ

CNJ99-52-15 (Welker™). Early-season, suited for processing, with high and precocious production. Origin: Rutgers University, NJAES, Chatsworth, NJ, by N. Vorsa and J. Johnson-Cicalese. No. 35 × NJS98-34; crossed 1999; selected 2007; introd. 2014. USPP 27,709; 28 Feb. 2017. Canadian PBR 6509; 23 Nov. 2021. Fruit: moderate to large, 2.0-2.4 g in NJ, WI; skin shiny with waxy bloom around calyx; berry firm; round to widely ovate, with rounded to slightly oblique stem end, and variable calyx end (rounded to slightly flat to protruding); anthocyanins moderate to high, generally less than Ben Lear and greater than Stevens in September; TA ∼2.0, lower than most cultivars. Plant: stolons and uprights medium coarse; uprights somewhat short; plant vigor above average, coming into fruit production early; flowers early midseason, slightly after NJS98-23 (Crimson Queen®); moderately susceptible to fruit rot (disease complex of >15 pathogens) in New Jersey, where disease pressure is severe. Especially suited to a moderate oceanic climate.

CNJ99-9-25 (Vasanna™). Midseason processing cranberry with high yield potential. Origin: Rutgers University, NJAES, Chatsworth, NJ, by N. Vorsa and J. Johnson-Cicalese. NJS98-23 (Crimson Queen®) × No. 35; crossed 1999; selected 2007; introd. 2019. USPP 32,896; 16 Mar. 2021. Canadian PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 2.1-2.4 g in NJ; shape variable, widely ovate to slightly pyriform; skin shiny with slight waxy bloom around calyx; stem end mildly elongated, calyx end slightly flattened; fruit very firm; anthocyanins moderate, similar but slightly less homogeneous than in Haines, and 50% greater than Stevens in September. Plant: stolons and uprights moderately coarse; plant vigor average in mineral soils, stolon growth vigorous in peat soils; flowers moderately early, before Stevens by a few days; typically has similar fruit rot (disease complex of >15 pathogens) to Haines. Suited to most areas where cranberry is cultivated, but particularly adapted to peat organic soils and moderate oceanic climate.

CNJ99-9-96 (Haines™). Widely adapted, suitable for processed or fresh markets, with consistently high yield potential. Origin: Rutgers University, NJAES, Chatsworth, NJ, by N. Vorsa and J. Johnson-Cicalese. NJS98-23 (Crimson Queen®) × No. 35; crossed 1999; selected 2007; introd. 2014. USPP 27,657; 14 Feb. 2017; Canadian PBR 6508; 23 Nov. 2021. Fruit: moderate to large, 1.8-2.4 g in NJ, WI; shape nearly round, length to width ratio ∼1; skin shiny with slight waxy bloom around calyx; calyx end slightly indented to flat; fruit very firm with uniform color; anthocyanins moderate, generally less than Ben Lear and greater than Stevens in September; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor average; stolons and uprights moderately coarse; blooms midseason, with Stevens; less susceptible to fruit rot (disease complex of >15 pathogens) than Stevens.

Haines™. See CNJ99-9-96.

Vasanna™. See CNJ99-9-25.

W102-A4G-X1. Early flowering and coloring cranberry selected in Wisconsin. Origin: University of Wisconsin–Madison, by E. Zeldin. HyRed × Bergman, crossed 1995 (parentage verified by SSR markers); selected 2002. USPP applied for. Fruit: size comparable to HyRed and Stevens; flavor mild; ripens 2 or more weeks before Stevens and 1 week before HyRed; achieves higher color than HyRed in mid-September. Plant: yearly growth vigorous; flowers between HyRed and Stevens, produces many fruit per stem.

Welker™. See CNJ99-52-15.

CURRANT

Jill M. Bushakra, USDA-ARS, National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Corvallis, OR

Blackcomb. Black currant selected for resistance to White Pine Blister Rust, long racemes, upright growth, and vigor. Origin: McGinnis Berry Crops, Victoria, BC, Canada, by D. McGinnis. Ojebyn × Titania, crossed 2002; selected 2005. Canadian PBR 5345; 30 Sept. 2016. Fruit: midsize, 1.4 g; black; glossiness medium; ripens midseason. Plant: growth habit upright; basal shoots many; bud burst midseason; flowers midseason; resistant to White Pine Blister Rust (Cronartium ribicola).

Gofert. Very productive, regular bearing black currant well suited to machine harvesting. Origin: Fruit Breeding Department, Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland, by E. Zurawicz and S. Pluta. Golubka × Fertödi-1, crossed 1987; selected 1996 as PC-1. USPP 27,063; 16 Aug. 2016. Fruit: medium to large; globose; black; medium to firm; ripens midseason. Plant: tall; diameter medium; number of basal shoots medium; bud burst midseason; flowers early; yield high; well suited to machine harvesting; winter hardy; no noticeable disease or pest issues.

Lewis. Black currant with mild flavor on tall bush. Origin: Hillcrest Nursery (now Berry Hill Nursery), Greensboro, VT, by L.R. Hill. Selected from O.P. seed received from Russia early 1980s; selected early 1990s. Fruit: dull black with faint lenticels; ripens mid-July. Plant: height up to 2 m in USDA Zone 3; flowers late May; highly winter tolerant; no noticeable pest or disease issues.

Nancy May. Black currant with mild flavor on compact bush. Origin: Hillcrest Nursery (now Berry Hill Nursery), Greensboro, VT, by L.R. Hill. Selected from O.P. seed received from Russia early 1980s; selected early 1990s. Fruit: large, diameter 1.27 cm; dull purple-black with slight bloom; flavor mild and sweet; ripens early July in Vermont. Plant: compact, height ∼1 m in USDA Zone 3; flowers late May; highly winter tolerant; some twig dieback, otherwise no noticeable pest or disease issues.

Nicola. Black currant suitable for northern climates. Origin: McGinnis Berry Crops, Victoria, BC, Canada, by D. McGinnis. Orlovskaya Serenada × Titania, crossed 2004; initially selected 2008; finally selected 2020; tested as M12. Canadian PBR applied for. USPP 34,161; 26 Apr. 2022. Fruit: very large, 1.4 g; black; glossiness strong; 15.2 °Brix; ripens early. Plant: growth habit upright; basal shoots many; bud burst very early; high yielding, 3.7 kg/plant in Montana.

Polares. Black currant selected for growth habit, fruit productivity and quality, disease resistance, and winter hardiness. Origin: Fruit Breeding Department, Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland, by E. Zurawicz and S. Pluta. Breeding clones S12/3/83 × EMB 1834/113, crossed 1994; selected 2000. Canadian PBR application abandoned. USPP 27,061; 16 Aug. 2016. Fruit: small to medium; black; glossiness medium; ripens midseason. Plant: height medium; growth habit semi-upright; number of basal shoots medium; flowers midseason; disease resistance and winter hardiness good.

Stikine. Black currant selected for high yield, excellent flavor, and high resistance to White Pine Blister Rust. Origin: McGinnis Berry Crops, Victoria, BC, Canada, by D. McGinnis. Zusha × Titania, crossed 2004; Canadian PBR 5662; 19 Feb. 2018. USPP 30,007; 25 Dec. 2018. Fruit: large; black; glossiness weak; for fresh market or juice. Plant: growth habit upright; basal shoots few; 4 inflorescences per axil; ripens midseason; resistant to White Pine Blister Rust and powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae); frost tolerant.

Tiben. Black currant with midsize, erect plants suitable for mechanical harvesting, moderately resistant to White Pine Blister Rust, highly resistant to powdery mildew. Origin: Fruit Breeding Department, Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland, by E. Zurawicz and S. Pluta. Titania × Ben Nevis, crossed 1987; selected 1991 as PC-78. Canadian PBR 2689; 30 Jan. 2007; revoked 30 Jan 2014. Fruit: midsize, 1.42 g. Plant: tall; height 142 cm, diameter 118 cm; resistant to powdery mildew and leaf spots (Drepanopeziza ribis); moderately resistant to White Pine Blister Rust.

Tihope. Black currant selected for plant architecture, fruit productivity, size and quality, disease resistance, and suitability for mechanical harvesting. Origin: Fruit Breeding Department, Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland, by E. Zurawicz and S. Pluta. Titania × P9/11/14, crossed 1991; selected 1996 as PC-425. USPP 27,062; 16 Aug 2016. Fruit: medium to large; height 1.52 cm, diameter 1.54 cm, 0.72 g; 16 °Brix; glossy; ripens mid-June. Plant: tall and slightly spreading; height 1.25 m, width 1.84 m; cold hardy USDA Zone 6; highly resistant to White Pine Blister Rust and powdery mildew.

ELDERBERRY

Michele R. Warmund, Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

Allesoe. Productive European elder (Sambucus nigra). Origin: Denmark; released before Samyl and Samdal. Fruit: drupes dark purple; anthocyanin content lower than Samyl, Sambu, and Samdal. Plant: height 2.4-3.0 m; crops regularly.

Aurea (Golden Elder). Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: drupes small; dark purple; edible after processing. Plant: upright; height 3.7 m, width 3 m; foliage yellow-green; flowers white.

Black Beauty®. See Gerda.

Black Lace®.. See Eva.

Black Tower™. See Eiffel 1.

Eiffel 1 (Black Tower™). Ornamental European elder. Origin: West Malling, Kent, Great Britain, by K.R. Tobutt. USPP 23,633; 28 May 2013. Fruit: umbel diameter ∼20 cm; drupes dark purple-black, diameter ∼8 mm, edible after processing, but not noteworthy; harvest 15 Aug. to 30 Sept. Plant: growth habit upright, narrow; height 1.8-2.4 m, width 0.9-1.2 m; foliage purple, leaflets typically 5; flowers pink.

Emerald Lace™. See Laciniata.

Eva (Black Lace®). Ornamental European elder. Origin: Horticulture Research International, East Malling, Great Britain, by K.R. Tobutt; 2001. USPP 15,575; 22 Feb. 2005. Fruit: umbel diameter 20 cm; drupes dark purple-black; diameter 7 mm; edible but not noteworthy; ripens 15 Aug. to 30 Sept. Plant: vigorous, 3 m tall; upright; dense shrub; slightly spreading; foliage dark purple, laciniate; mature leaflets with ∼5 lobes; flowers whitish-pink.

Gerda (Black Beauty®). Ornamental European elder. Origin: Horticulture Research International, East Malling, Great Britain, by K.R. Tobutt. Pyramidalis × Gunicho Purple F2; selected 1996. USPP 12,305; 25 Dec. 2001. Fruit: umbel diameter 20 cm; drupes dark purple-black; diameter 6 mm; edible after processing but not noteworthy; ripens August-September. Plant: vigorous, height 3 m; dense shrub, upright, slightly spreading; leaflets generally 5, dark purple-red; flowers with purple-pink markings.

Goldbeere. European elder. Origin: Germany. Fruit: drupes golden green; yield/plant 18-23 kg. Plant: foliage pale green; flowers white; height 2.4 m.

Golden Elder. See Aurea.

Golden Tower™. See Jdeboer001.

Haschberg. European elder, once widely popular but replaced by new cultivars. Origin: presumably a wild selection from Klosterneuburg, Austria. Fruit: drupes dark purple, typical of S. nigra fruit. Plant: upright, height 3 m; annual flowering and fruiting heavy; flowers primarily used as flavorant in Great Britain.

Jdeboer001 (Golden Tower™). Ornamental European elder. Origin: Feanwalden, the Netherlands, by J. de Boer. Chance seedling. USPP 28,957; 13 Feb. 2018. Fruit: dark purple, typical of S. nigra. Plant: height 2.4-3 m, width 0.6-1.2 m; foliage deeply dissected, yellow-green; leaflets usually 8; flowers white.

Korsor. European elder. Origin: Denmark, released before Samyl and Samdal. Fruit: drupes dark purple, anthocyanin content lower than Samyl, Sambu, and Samdal. Plant: similar to Haschberg and Allesoe; height 2.4-3.0 m.

Instant Karma®. See Sanivalk.

Laced Up®. See SNR1292.

Laciniata (Emerald Lace). European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: dark purple, edible but not noteworthy. Plant: typical S. nigra form, height and width 2.4-3.0 m; leaflets finely dissected, green; flowers white.

Linearis (Thread-leaved). Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: dark purple, typical of S. nigra. Plant: height 1.5-1.8 m, width 1.2 m; leaflets very narrow, green.

Madonna. Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: dark purple, typical of S. nigra. Plant: height and width 1.8-3.0 m; leaflets green with gold variegation; flowers white.

Marginata. Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: dark purple typical of S. nigra. Plant: vigorous; height and width 3.0-4.6 m; leaflets green, with creamy white variegation along the margins; flowers white.

Pulverulent. Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: yield low, especially without cross-pollination; edible but not noteworthy. Plant: vigor medium; height 3.7 m; leaflets green with white mottling; flowers white.

Samdal. European elder with very good juice flavor for processing. Origin: Institute of Horticulture, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Pometet, Denmark, original cross by S. Dalbro; selected by A. Thuesen; first published cultivar description by K. Kaack, 1989. Fruit: yield higher than Samyl and Sampo; umbel midsize, 111 g; drupes midsize; anthocyanin content high; titratable acidity low. Plant: vigor medium, height 2.4 m.

Sampo. European elder with exceptional juice flavor. Origin: Institute of Horticulture, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Pometet, Denmark, original cross by S. Dalbro; selected by A. Thuesen; first published cultivar description by K. Kaack, 1989. Fruit: yield lower than Samdal; umbel midsize, 110 g; drupes small; anthocyanin content medium, titratable acidity medium. Plant: vigor medium, height 3 m, with many shoots.

Samyl. European elder with excellent juice flavor. Origin: Institute of Horticulture, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Pometet, Denmark, original cross by S. Dalbro; selected by A. Thuesen; first published cultivar description by K. Kaack, 1989. Fruit: yield lower than Samdal; umbel midsize, 100 g; drupes small; anthocyanin content very high; titratable acidity high. Plant: vigor medium, height 2.4 m, with many shoots.

Sanivalk (Instant Karma®). Compact ornamental European elder. Origin: A. Brand and Sons, Hatfield, Great Britain, by P. Brand. Mutation of an unnamed proprietary S. nigra seedling. CPVO PBR 52032; 28 Mar. 2019. USPP 28,314; 22 Aug. 2017. Fruit: umbel diameter 16 cm; drupes dark purple, edible, but not noteworthy. Plant: typical S. nigra form, height and width 1.8-2.4 m; leaflets dark green, with cream-colored margins; flowers white.

SNR1292 (Laced Up®). Compact ornamental European elder. Origin: Kent, Great Britain, by K.R. Tobutt and F.M. Wilson. Eiffel 1 × unnamed proprietary S. nigra seedling, crossed 2005. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 29,501; 10 Aug. 2017. Fruit: umbel diameter 12 cm; drupes dark purple, edible but not noteworthy. Plant: growth habit columnar; height 1.8-3 m, slightly dwarfed compared to Eiffel 1; foliage dark purple, dissected; flowers white, with pink tinge.

Thread-leaved. See Linearis.

Thundercloud. Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: dark purple, typical of S. nigra. Plant: height and width 1.8-2.4 m; foliage purple; flowers pink.

Variegata. Ornamental European elder. Origin: unknown. Fruit: purple-black, but not noteworthy. Plant: height 3 m; leaflets green, with creamy white variegation; flowers white.

GOJI

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

FPW03 (Princess Tao®). Compact Lycium barbarum plant with large fruit, for home garden use. Origin: FPW Développement, La Menitre, Maine-et-Loire, France, by O. Pantin. O.P. from unknown Lycium barbarum parent, 2013. CPVO PBR 57595; 1 Mar. 2021. USPP 30,984; 29 Oct. 2019. Fruit: large, length 23 mm, diameter 13 mm, 0.8-1.5 g; elongated oval; near orange-red (RHS N34B); flesh soft; flavor semi-sweet, low in astringency; aroma faint, fresh/sweet; seeds 20-30, <1 mm in diameter, yellow-white (RHS 158A); ripens twice, spring and late summer in Camarillo, CA; storage life 2-3 weeks at 2 ºC. Plant: vigor moderate; height ∼2 m, width 1-1.5 m; thorns needlelike, 5-40 mm; foliage dark green; flowers purple; propagated by fresh softwood cuttings in spring; resistant to powdery mildew (Arthrocladiella); tolerates low temperatures to -5 ºC, high temperatures to 35 ºC; suitable for home garden use.

FPW07. Lycium barbarum plant with fruit low in astringency, for commercial use. Origin: FPW Développement, La Menitre, Maine-et-Loire, France, by W. Wang, Angers, Maine-et-Loire. O.P. from unknown Lycium barbarum parent, 2013. CPVO PBR 57821; 6 Apr. 2021. USPP 31,125; 26 Nov. 2019. Fruit: large, length 16 mm, diameter 12 mm, 0.5-0.8 g; slightly irregular elongated oval; near orange-red (RHS N34B); flesh soft; flavor semi-sweet, low in astringency; aroma faint, fresh/sweet; seeds 15-20, <1 mm in diameter, yellow-white (RHS 158A); ripens twice, spring and late summer in Camarillo, CA; storage life 2-3 weeks at 2 ºC. Plant: vigor moderate; height ∼2 m, width 1-1.5 m; thorns needlelike, 5-40 mm; foliage dark green; flowers purple; propagated by fresh softwood cuttings in spring; resistant to powdery mildew; tolerates low temperatures to -5 ºC, strongly resistant to heat and wind; suitable for commercial use.

Princess Tao®. See FPW03.

Red Zeppelin®. See Smnlbbb.

Smnlbbb (Red Zeppelin®). High-yielding Lycium barbarum plant. Origin: T.D. Wood, Spring Lake, MI. Smndbl O.P., 2012; selected 2015. USPP 31,084; 19 Nov. 2019. Fruit: larger than Smndsl, length 17.5 mm, diameter 10 mm; attractive, orange-red (RHS N30A); texture smooth, slightly undulate. Plant: vigor moderate; height 95 cm, diameter 137 cm; deciduous shrub, growth habit upright and outwardly arching; foliage dense, bushy; leaves yellow-green; flowers purple; more productive than Smndsl; tolerant to rain, wind and temperatures from -32 ºC to 36 ºC; garden performance good.

GRAPE

Matthew Clark, Dept. of Horticultural Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN

Ambulo Blanc. Pierce’s Disease–resistant hybrid for white wine. Origin: University of California, Davis, by M.A. Walker, A.C. Tenscher, S. Riaz, and N. Romero. 07370-028 × Cabernet Sauvignon; pedigree 97% V. vinifera; source of PD resistance is a form of V. arizonica that appears to have some V. candicans parentage and is from Monterey, Mexico; tested as 09314-102; introd. 2019. USPP 32,949; 6 Apr. 2021. Fruit: berry small to medium, 1.0 g; spherical; skin green to yellow-green, adherent; flesh soft; juice green-yellow; seeds/berry 2; harvest 13 Aug. Cluster: long cylindrical, well filled to compact. Vine: resistance to Pierce’s Disease (Xylella fastidiosa) high.

BN5-4. Grayed-purple, early ripening, Pierce’s Disease–resistant hybrid wine grape. Origin: University of Florida, Apopka, by J. Mortensen. Vitis aestivalis × Remaily Seedless; tested in Leesburg, FL, then Apopka; initially selected 1987. USPP 27,451; 13 Dec. 2016. Fruit: small, 1.4 g; round to slightly ovoid; skin grayed-purple (N186A), relatively thick, non-adherent; juice near red-purple (RHS 67A); 18.8-25 ºBrix, 0.8-1.5% TA; aroma neutral to slightly foxy; seeds/berry 3.6; harvest 2nd week of August. Cluster: conical with distinct shoulders. Vine: vigor high; 14.5 kg/vine; perfect flowered; ripening non-uniform; tolerant to Pierce’s Disease and fungal diseases common in Florida.

Cabernet Volos. Dark blue, disease-resistant wine grape. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. Cabernet Sauvignon × 20/3 (Bianca × SK77-4/5), crossed 2002; selected 2004. CPVO PBR 53449; 16 Sept. 2019. USPP 28,047; 23 May 2017. Fruit: globose; 1.44 g; skin dark blue (RHS 103B); flesh colorless, soft; seeds/berry 2-3; flavor herbaceous; harvest mid-late September. Cluster: cylindrical with middle-sized wing. Vine: vigor on Ramsey medium; hermaphrodite; resistant to downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola), tolerant to powdery mildew (Erysiphe necator); cold resistant to -24 °C.

Caminante Blanc. Pierce’s Disease–resistant hybrid for white wine. Origin: University of California, Davis, by M.A. Walker, A.C. Tenscher, S. Riaz, and N. Romero. 07371-20 × Cabernet Sauvignon; pedigree 97% V. vinifera; source of PD resistance is a form of V. arizonica that appears to have some V. candicans parentage and is from Monterey, Mexico. USPP 33,015; 4 May 2021. Fruit: berry spherical; 0.8 g; skin golden-green, with thin whitish bloom; 22.2 °Brix, 3.55 pH, 5.8 g/l TA; wine color light straw-gold, well-balanced with fruit and floral aromas; harvest 18 Aug. Cluster: small to medium, 290 g; compact, short conical to cylindrical, often winged. Vine: 7.3 kg/vine; perfect flowered; very highly resistant to Pierce’s Disease.

Camminare Noir. Pierce’s Disease–resistant hybrid for red wine. Origin: University of California, Davis, by M.A. Walker, A.C. Tenscher, S. Riaz, and N. Romero. U0505-01 × Petite Sirah; pedigree ∼94% V. vinifera; source of PD resistance is a form of V. arizonica that appears to have some V. candicans parentage and is from Monterey, Mexico. USPP 32,929; 30 Mar. 2021. Fruit: berry round; 1.3 g; dark purple-black with blue-gray bloom; juice pink-red, 26.3 °Brix, 3.51 pH, 6.0 g/l TA; harvest 11 Aug. Cluster: midsize, 254 g; conical, well filled. Vine: 10.9 kg/vine; perfect flowered; very highly resistant to Pierce’s Disease.

Chenibec. Golden hybrid wine grape suitable for sparkling and champagne-style wine. Origin: R. Juneau, Pont-Rouge, Quebec, Canada. E.S. 2-3-17 × Chenin Blanc; tested in Saint-Ubalde, Quebec, Canada, crossed 1990; selected 1998. Canadian PBR 6001; 1 Aug. 2019. USPP 27,872; 11 Apr. 2017. Fruit: large, 2.5 g; 21.92 °Brix, 7.7 g/l TA; seeds 2.5/berry; harvest 1st and 2nd weeks of October. Cluster: large; shouldered; density medium; conical to conical winged. Vine: vigor and productivity high; 1.5 kg/vine; perfect flowered; resistant to downy mildew, powdery mildew, and black rot (Guignardia bidwellii); cold hardy USDA Zone 3.

Crimson Pearl. Cold hardy, blue hybrid slipskin grape for red wine. Origin: Plocher Vines, Hugo, MN, by T.A. Plocher. MN 1094 × E.S. 4-7-26, crossed 1996; selected 2002. USPP 30,263; 5 Mar. 2019. Fruit: berry round and slightly flattened; skin blue, slipskin; flesh greenish white to pale yellow, gelatinous; juice strong purplish red (RHS 67A), 22.0 °Brix, 8.0 g/l TA, pH 3.40; harvest mid- to late September. Cluster: 110 g; cylindrical with a small wing with curve on distal half. Vine: less vigorous than Marquette, with fewer lateral shoots, and higher tannin concentration; self-fertile; hardy to -32 ºC or colder; highly resistant to downy and powdery mildew; resistance to black rot good; somewhat susceptible to phomopsis (Phomopsis viticola).

Dazzle. Complex hybrid for white wine. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark and J.N. Moore. Gewurztraminer × Melody, crossed 1992; selected 1995; tested as Ark. 2574 at Clarksville, AR. USPP applied for. Fruit: 1.9 g; skin pink; 19.9 °Brix, 3.27 pH, 7.0 g/l TA 1.9 g; flavor light, semi-fruity, reflective of Gewurztraminer; harvest ∼15 Aug. Cluster: 162.3 g. Vine: 9.8 kg/vine; powdery mildew incidence very limited in 20+ years; no downy mildew, anthracnose (Elsinoe ampelina), or black rot observed.

EJG Three. Black grape for fruity and floral red or pink wine. Origin: E&J Gallo Winery, Modesto, CA, by P.S.M. Cousins. Controlled cross of two unspecified, unpatented parents, crossed 2013; selected 2015; evaluated at Ripperdan, CA. USPP 33,950; 15 Feb. 2020. Fruit: midsize, 1 g; skin purple-black/purple-gray, thickness medium; flesh colorless, soft, slightly juicy, slightly meaty; seeded; has rose petal flavors and aromas; harvest ∼2 Oct. Cluster: medium-large, loose, 175 g. Vine: perfect flowered, fertile with spur pruning.

EJG Two. White wine grape with distinct sweet herbal and mint flavor. Origin: E&J Gallo Winery, Modesto, CA, by P.S.M. Cousins. Symphony × unspecified unpatented pollen parent, crossed 2013; first selected 2016; evaluated at Ripperdan, CA. USPP 33,963; 22 Feb. 2022. Fruit: medium-large, 2.5 g; skin green-yellow, thin; flesh colorless, soft, very juicy; seeded; herbal mint aroma; harvest ∼1 Aug. Cluster: medium-large, 187 g; dense. Vine: fertile with spur pruning.

Errante Noir. Red wine hybrid grape resistant to Pierce’s Disease. Origin: University of California, Davis, by M.A. Walker, A.C. Tenscher, S. Riaz, and N. Romero. 07371-019 × Sylvaner; pedigree 97% V. vinifera; source of PD resistance is a form of V. arizonica that appears to have some V. candicans parentage and is from Monterey, Mexico. USPP 32,999; 27 Apr. 2021. Fruit: skin purple-black with gray bloom, adherent; flesh soft; 25.4 °Brix, 3.69 pH, 5.7 g/l TA; harvest 20 Aug. Cluster: large, 329 g; long conical, well-filled. Vine: yield 10.5 kg/vine; highly resistant to Pierce’s Disease.

Everest Seedless®. See NY98.0228.02.

FireStar. See Stargrape 1.

Fleurtai. White wine grape. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine, Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G.D. Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Raffaele. Tocai Friulano × 20/3, crossed 2002. CPVO PBR 52167; 28 Mar. 2019. USPP 28,021; 16 May 2017. Fruit: berry small, 1.8 g; broad ellipsoid; skin golden-green with amber highlights; flesh soft, colorless; 22.6 °Brix, 4.6 g/l TA; seeds/berry 2-3; flavor neutral; harvest early, 25 Aug. Cluster: midsize, 170 g; density loose to medium; conical with 2 medium-sized wings. Vine: vigor strong; growth habit erect; hermaphrodite; resistant to downy mildew, tolerant to powdery mildew; hardy to -23 °C.

Floriana. Muscadine red wine grape. Origin: Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, by Z. Ren, J. Lu, and V. Tsolova. Supreme × Pineapple, crossed 1999; selected 2006; tested as O28-22-5 or C16-6. USPP 31,654; 14 Apr. 2020. Fruit: berry large, 5.3 g; skin relatively thick, dark red (RHS N92A) with inconspicuous lenticels; flesh colorless; 15.8 °Brix; typical muscadine aromatic flavor; incidence of wet scar low; harvest early to mid-September; produces wines with deep red color, smooth mouthfeel, excellent stability, and good longevity. Cluster: 8-36 berries, dense. Vine: yield high, 26.7 kg/vine; self-fertile; resistant to Pierce’s Disease; incidence of fruit rot low; resistant to phylloxera and nematodes.

Florida Onyx. Very large, deep black-red muscadine table grape. Origin: Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, by Z. Ren, J. Lu, and V. Tsolova. Supreme × Black Beauty, crossed 1998; tested as O26-1-2. USPP 31,407; 28 Jan. 2020. Fruit: berry very large, 16.2 g; skin black-red (RHS 82A-83A), edible; flesh firm, greenish yellow (RHS 151D); 15.2 °Brix, 3.57 pH, 3.8 g/l TA; seeds/berry 3.3; flavor pleasant, fruity, with typical muscadine aroma; harvest 20 Aug. to beginning of September; incidence of wet scar low; shelf life long. Cluster: dense, 4-15 berries. Vine: vigor moderate; pistillate; resistant to Pierce’s Disease; incidence of fruit ripening rot (ripe rot and bitter rot) low.

Franconia. Blue-black, complex hybrid red wine grape. Origin: Winehaven, Chisago City, MN, by Kevin Peterson and Kyle Peterson. St. Croix × Nokomis; tested as KP 76. USPP 31,040; 12 Nov. 2019. Fruit: berry medium-large, 2.3-5.4 g; round; firm; skin black (RHS 202A) with light waxy bluish (RHS 98D) bloom at maturity; flesh light pink (RHS 63C); 19.5-26.3 °Brix, 3.15-3.47 pH, 7.0 to 9.5 g/l TA; seeds/berry 2-4; produces attractive deep red wine with no herbaceous aroma or very slight V. labrusca aroma; harvest mid-September. Cluster: 181-363 g, tight, conical. Vine: vigorous; hermaphrodite; cold hardy to -40 °C; incidence of powdery mildew, downy mildew, and black rot low, limited to leaves.

Ga. 6-2-26 (Paulk®). Purple-skinned muscadine table grape. Origin: University of Georgia, Tifton, by P.J. Connor. Supreme × Tara, crossed 2006; selected 2009; named for Jacob Paulk. USPP 30,014; 25 Dec. 2018. Fruit: large, 15.3-15.5 g, diameter 30.2-30.5 mm; skin purple (RHS 187A-186A) at base to purple-red (RHS 58A) at stem; high percentage of dry stem scars; flesh soft, juicy, yellow-green; sweet, 14.2 °Brix; aroma fruity; seeds/berry 3; harvest 3rd week of August in Tifton; keeps in cold storage up to 2-4 weeks. Cluster: very loose, 8 berries. Vine: 26.4 kg/vine at Tifton, 48.7 kg/vine at Wray, GA; self-fertile; low incidence of berry rot.

Ga. 8-1-338 (RubyCrisp®). Dark red muscadine table grape. Origin: University of Georgia, Tifton, by P.J. Connor. Supreme × Tara, crossed 2008; selected 2011. USPP 32,111; 25 Aug. 2020. Fruit: berry very large, 15 g; skin red purple (RHS 59A) at base to red (RHS 46A) at stem end, crisp but tender; flesh firm, crisp; 16.1 °Brix; flavor excellent; harvest midseason, 3rd week of August. Cluster: 5-7 berries. Vine: vigor high; yield 25.2 kg/vine; hermaphrodite; suitable for U-pick or home garden.

Gewurztraminer RJ. Aromatic wine grape. Origin: R. Juneau, Pont-Rouge, Quebec, Canada. Gewurztraminer sport, selected 1991 in Portneuf, Quebec. Canadian PBR applied for. USPP 33,282; 27 July 2021. Fruit: berry 3.8 g; round; very firm; skin pink-purple, thick; 18.3 °Brix, 3.31-3.40 pH, 8.2-11.92 g/l TA; seeds/berry 2; harvest 6 Oct. Cluster: medium-large, 183 g; cylindro-conical. Vine: compared to parent, more cold hardy and resistant to powdery mildew, downy mildew, black rot, and botrytis (Botrytis cinerea); USDA Zone 4a.

Hanareum (한아름). Black seedless table grape. Origin: Gangwondo Agricultural Research and Extension Services, Chuncheon, South Korea, by Y.-S Park, N.Y. Um, Y.G. Chang, S.B. Bang, and J.H. Kim. Tetraploid Kyoho O.P., crossed 2002; tested as GWA2002-23. Hypotetraploid (2n=4×-1=75). South Korean PBR 7305; 4 July 2018. Fruit: berry round; 8.9-10.8 g; 19.3 °Brix, 4.5-5.5 g/l TA; harvest 10 d before Kyoho. Cluster: up to 3 clusters per cane, 457 g; conical. Vine: vigor high; up to 1,964 kg/ha; hermaphroditic; resistant to ripe rot (Colletotrichum spp.); susceptible to downy mildew; cold hardy to -20 °C.

Hongju (Hongju Seedless; 홍주씨들리스). Grayed-purple seedless table grape. Origin: Rural Development Administration, North Jeolla Province, South Korea, by J.-H. Noh, K.-S. Park, H.-K. Yun, J.-C. Nam, S.-M. Jung, Y.Y. Hur, and H.-S. Hwang. Italia × Perlon, crossed 1996; selected 2006. South Korean PBR 7249; 8 June 2018. USPP 30,760; 30 July 2019. Fruit: berry 5.4 g; ovoid; skin grayed-purple (RHS 187B, 187C); flesh translucent; seedless, seed traces 2; flavor weak muscat; harvest late, ∼1 Oct. Cluster: large, 538 g; dense; long conical. Vine: very vigorous; moderately susceptible to downy mildew on leaves; no incidence of powdery mildew observed.

Iasma Eco 1. Blue-black grape for red wine. Origin: Fondazione Edmund Mach–Centro Ricerca e Innovazione, San Michele All’Adige, Trentino, Italy, by M. Stefanini. Teroldego × Lagrein. CPVO PBR 46231; 18 Apr. 2017. USPP 26,821; 14 June 2016. Fruit: berry 2.01 g; elliptical; skin blue-black (RHS 89C); flesh very juicy, slightly firm; 21.86 °Brix, 3.17 pH, 8.24 g/l TA. Cluster: 297 g; loose; conical. Vine: hermaphrodite; highly resistant to Botrytis; resistant to downy and powdery mildew.

Iasma Eco 2. Blue-black grape for red wine. Origin: Fondazione Edmund Mach–Centro Ricerca e Innovazione, San Michele All’Adige, Trentino, Italy, by M. Stefanini. Teroldego × Lagrein. CPVO PBR 46232; 18 Apr. 2017. USPP 26,822; 14 June 2016. Fruit: berry 1.3 g; globose; skin blue-black (RHS 89C); flesh very juicy, soft; 22.0 °Brix, 3.25 pH, 8.1 g/l TA. Cluster: 214 g; cylindrical, winged, slightly straggly. Vine: 3.21 kg/vine; relatively resistant to botrytis; resistant to downy mildew and powdery mildew.

Iasma Eco 3. Green-yellow, white wine grape with muscat aroma. Origin: Fondazione Edmund Mach–Centro Ricerca e Innovazione, San Michele All’Adige, Trentino, Italy, by M. Stefanini. Moscato Ottonel × Malvasia (Bianca) di Candia Aromatica. CPVO PBR 46233; 18 Apr. 2017. USPP 27,979; 9 May 2017. Fruit: berry 2.1 g; globose; 22.52 °Brix, 3.46 pH, 5.82 g/l TA. Cluster: 189 g; conical. Vine: 2.25 kg/vine; resistant to botrytis; resistant to downy mildew; moderately resistant to powdery mildew.

Icon. See Stargrape 2.

Indulgence. Complex hybrid (V. lincecumii, V. rupestris, and V. vinifera) for white wine. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, by J.R. Clark and J.N. Moore. Seyval Blanc × Muscat Ottonel, crossed 1989; selected 1992; tested as Ark. 2359 in Clarksville, AR. USPP applied for. Fruit: berry 2.5 g; 16.9 °Brix, 3.32 pH, 6.4 g/l TA; flavor strong muscat. Cluster: 153.1 g, loose with variation due to berry set and rainy weather at bloom. Vine: vigor moderate; growth habit upright; yield 16.6 kg/vine; powdery mildew incidence limited to some years, no evidence of downy mildew infection; cold tolerant to -26 °C.

JB05-22-3-27 (RazzMatazz®). Complex hybrid of muscadine and bunch grapes producing small, red, stenospermocarpically seedless berries. Origin: P.J. Bloodworth, Hillsborough, NC. JB94-38-7-44 × JB98-13-1-10; pedigree 72.3% muscadine. US Utility Patent 9,045,767; 2 June 2015. US Utility Patent 9,706,726; 18 July 2017. Fruit: small; ∼1/3 of fruits are parthenocarpic and 2/3 stenospermic; parthenocarpic berries spherical, height 7.9-9.5 mm, width 7.9-9.5 mm; stenospermic berries elliptical to ovate, rarely oblate, height 10.3-19.1 mm, width 8.7-14.3 mm, depending on the number and size of partially developed ovules; skin color near ripe grayed-purple (RHS 185A), ripe purple (RHS N77A); skin thick, non-adherent, crunchy, tender, resistant to cracking; flesh mucilaginous, juicy; juice clear; 15 ºBrix (near ripe), 18.5 ºBrix (ripe); flavor mildly floral, lacking musky character of V. rotundifolia; harvest from midsummer to frost. Cluster: small, 10-100 berries, average 50. Vine: vigor high; growth habit recumbent, climbing; hermaphrodite; yield high; highly resistant to downy mildew, powdery mildew, and angular leaf spot (Mycosphaerella angulata); susceptible in very wet years to target spot (Cristulariella moricola); appears to prefer higher soil pH in the range of 6.4-7.2, vines grown in this pH range have improved berry set and berry size.

JB06-43-6-22 (Oh My!®). Seedless, full-sized, edible-skinned muscadine hybrid for fresh use and possibly for juice or wine. Origin: P.J. Bloodworth, Hillsborough, NC. JB99-1-4-15 (Vitis Muscadinia) × JB03-20-1-21 (hybrid of V. Muscadinia [primarily V. rotundifolia with admixture of V. munsoniana] and V. Euvitis [primarily V. vinifera with admixture of various other Euvitis species]), selected 2008. USPP 31,010; 5 Nov. 2019. Fruit: berry midsize, 5.4 g; spherical; skin color ranges from greenish yellow (RHS 153B, 152C) to gray brown (RHS 199A, N199A); skin edible, but not as edible as vinifera, thickness ∼1.6 mm; flesh very juicy, yellow-green (RHS 150D), translucent; 16 °Brix; stenospermocarpically seedless; aroma and flavor typical muscadine; harvest mid- to late September. Cluster: 56 g, 6-15 berries; globular; density medium. Vine: vigorous; phenotype muscadine; growth habit recumbent, climbing; productivity medium-high; no powdery mildew observed, minimal berry rot.

Juneaudor Précoce. Golden-fruited hybrid white wine grape. Origin: R. Juneau, Pont-Rouge, Quebec, Canada. 27 Auger O.P., crossed 2002; selected 2016. Canadian PBR applied for. USPP 33,408; 31 Aug. 2021. Fruit: berry round, 2.2 g; skin thick, golden (RHS 153D and 154A-B); flesh firm, pale yellowish green (RHS 157A-B); 18.6 °Brix, 3.42 pH, 8.2 to 11.92 g/l TA; seeds/berry 2; harvest very early, 30 Aug.; produces well balanced, aromatic, fruity wine. Cluster: 98 g; loose with variation due to berry set and rainy weather at bloom. Vine: yield high; no powdery mildew, downy mildew, or black rot observed; moderately susceptible to botrytis; cold hardy at least USDA Zone 4a.

Kersus. Yellow-green grape for white wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. SK-00-1/7 × Pinot Blanc, crossed 2005; selected 2013. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,534; 1 Dec. 2020. Fruit: berry globose; skin yellow-green (RHS 150C); flesh soft, yellow-green (RHS 150C); seeds/berry 2-3; 21.1 °Brix, 3.4 pH, 6.2 g/l TA; flavor neutral; harvest early, end of August. Cluster: 260 g; cylindrical, 1 or 2 wings, compact. Vine: vigor high; growth habit semi-erect; resistant to downy mildew and powdery mildew.

Merlot Kanthus. Blue-black hybrid grape for red wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. Merlot × 20/3 (Bianca × Sk77-4/5), crossed 2002. USPP 28,020; 16 May 2017. Fruit: berry 1.67 g; broad ellipsoid; skin deep purplish blue (RHS 99A), soft; flesh moderate yellowish green (RHS 148B); juice transparent; flavor neutral; 22.4 °Brix, pH 5.1 g/l TA; seeds/berry 2-3; harvest 6 Sept. Cluster: 160 g; conical; density medium. Vine: vigor medium; growth habit upright; resistant to downy mildew; tolerant to powdery mildew; cold hardy to -22 °C.

Messiás. Blue-black grape for red wine. Origin: University of Pannonia, Keszthely, Hungary, by P. Szabo, B. Kovacs, and L. Kocsis. Dunaj × Merlot. Fruit: berry small, 1.4 g; round; skin blue-black, thick; 21-22 °Brix, 6.3-7.8 g/l TA; flavor neutral or slight herbal; harvest 15 Sept.; consistently produces good-quality, full bodied wines regardless of vintage. Cluster: midsize, 131-155g. Vine: yield 8-10 t/ha; moderately susceptible to downy mildew and powdery mildew.

Nicollet. Hybrid white wine grape. Origin: Winehaven, Chisago City, MN, by Kevin Peterson and Kyle Peterson. St. Pepin × LaCrosse; tested as KP 92. USPP 31,039; 12 Nov. 2019. Fruit: berry 2.3 g; skin yellow green (RHS 144A, 144B); flesh yellowish green (RHS 144C); 18.2 to 24.7 °Brix, 3.17-3.42 pH, 6.5 to 9.2 g/l TA; has tropical aromas and flavors with no to low V. labrusca foxy aroma; seeds/berry 2-4; harvest early September. Cluster: tight, conical with shoulder. Vine: vigorous; cold hardy to -40 °C; moderately susceptible to downy mildew; susceptibility to powdery mildew low.

NY98.0228.02 (Everest Seedless®). Seedless, slipskin table grape, hybrid tetraploid. Origin: Cornell University, Geneva, NY, by B. Reisch and S. Luce. NY87.0439.02 × NY88.0515.01, crossed 1998. USPP 29,792; 6 Nov. 2018. Fruit: berry moderately large, 5.3-7.7 g; spherical; 16.0 ºBrix, 3.23 pH, 6.3 g/l TA; stenospermocarpically seedless; flavor similar to Concord. Cluster: 270-450 g; conical, shouldered, compact. Vine: productive; resistance to downy mildew intermediate; moderately susceptible to powdery mildew.

Oh My!™. See JB06-43-6-22.

Paseante Noir. Dark purple-black, Pierce’s Disease–resistant hybrid producing high-quality red wine. Origin: University of California, Davis, by M.A. Walker, A.C. Tenscher, S. Riaz, and N. Romero. 07355-020 × Zinfandel; 97% V. Vinifera; source of PD resistance is a form of V. arizonica that appears to have some V. candicans parentage and is from Monterey, Mexico. USPP 33,039; 11 May 2021. Fruit: berry 1.3 g; spherical; skin purple-black with light gray bloom; 27.5 °Brix, 3.78 pH, 5.0 g/l TA; harvest midseason; produces the highest quality wine of any PD-resistant wine grape. Cluster: medium to large, 294 g; long conical, loose to well-filled, long shoulders. Vine: 10.0 kg/vine; blooms relatively late; highly resistant to Pierce’s Disease.

Paulk®. See Ga. 6-2-26.

Pinot Iskra. Yellow-green hybrid grape for white wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. Sk-00-1/7 × Pinot Blanc, crossed 2005; selected 2013. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,533; 1 Dec. 2020. Fruit: berry 1.53 g; globose; skin yellow-green (RHS 154C); flesh yellow-green (RHS 150C), soft; 20.6 °Brix, 3.3 pH, 6.1 g/l TA; seeds 2-3; flavor neutral; harvest early-medium, end of August. Cluster: 168 g; cylindrical, winged, compact. Vine: vigor medium-high; growth habit semi-erect; hermaphrodite; resistant to downy mildew and powdery mildew.

Pinot Kors. Blue-black hybrid, red wine grape. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. 99-1-48 × Pinot Noir, crossed 2007; selected 2013. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,497; 24 Nov. 2020. Fruit: berry 1.42 g; globose; skin blue-black (RHS 99A), thin; flesh soft; 22.6 °Brix, 3.5 pH, 5.9 g/l TA; seeded; flavor neutral; harvest early September. Cluster: 276 g; conical, loose, with wings. Vine: vigor high; growth habit horizontal; resistant to downy mildew and powdery mildew.

Pixie Pinot Meunier White. See VDG003.

Pluto. See Stargrape 1.

RazzMatazz®. See JB05-22-3-27.

Royal Red. Blush (red) seedless table grape producing naturally large berries. Origin: Mt. View Farming, Tulare, CA, by T.A. Kinosian. Autumn Royal × Cabernet Sauvignon, crossed 2008. USPP 30,212; 19 Feb. 2019. Fruit: berry 8 g; ovoid; skin blushed, not deep red; firmness medium; juice clear; 19.0 °Brix; flavor neutral, sweet, with no hint of bitterness when fully mature; rudimentary seeds present, small, soft and undetectable; harvest mid-August. Cluster: midsize, 144 g, 24 berries; loose to well filled, but not tight. Vine: growth habit semi-erect; stamens partially reflexed.

RubyCrisp®. See Ga. 8-1-338.

Sauvignon Kretos. Green-yellow grape for white wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. Sauvignon Blanc × Kozma 20/3 (Bianca × SK77-4/5), crossed 2002. CPVO PBR 53453; 16 Sept. 2019. USPP 27,980; 9 May 2017. Fruit: berry 1.8 g; skin yellowish green (RHS 150B); flesh firm; juice transparent; 22.6 ºBrix, 4.6 g/l TA; flavor neutral; seeds 2-3; harvest 25 Aug. Cluster: midsize, 170 g, 200 berries; conical with 2 wings; medium dense. Vine: vigor strong; growth habit erect; resistant to downy mildew; tolerant to powdery mildew; hardy to -20 °C.

Sauvignon Rytos. Green-yellow grape for white wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. Sauvignon Blanc × Bianca. CPVO PBR 53447; 16 Sept. 2019. USPP 28,022; 16 May 2017. Fruit: berry small, 1.3 g, ellipsoid; skin yellowish green (RHS 2C and 154C); flesh soft; 22.6 ºBrix, 4.8 g/l TA; seeds 2-3; flavor neutral; harvest 17 Sept. Cluster: 192 g; cylindrical. Vine: vigor medium; growth habit semi-erect; resistant to downy mildew; tolerant to powdery mildew; hardy to -20 °C.

Shiny Star (샤이니스타). Cold-hardy yellow seedless table grape. Origin: Rural Development Administration, Wanju, South Korea, by Y.Y. Hur, J.H. Noh, K.S. Park, J.C. Nam, S.M. Jung, S. Park, S.W. Koh, and H.K. Yun. Tano Red × Himrod, crossed 2001; selected 2007; tested as Wonkyo RA-44. South Korean PBR 7306; 4 July 2018. Fruit: berry midsize, 3.8 g; round; skin yellow, adherent, thickness medium; 19.5 °Brix, 5.4 g/l TA; seedless, with very small, barely discernible seed traces; aroma foxy; harvest 31 Aug. Cluster: 330.8 g; conical, sometimes cylindrical. Vine: 17.9 kg/vine; perfect flowered; resistant to powdery mildew; moderately resistant to downy mildew; hardy to -28.2 °C.

Solbrio. Black-skinned table grape. Origin: USDA-ARS, Parlier, CA, by C.A. Ledbetter and D.W. Ramming. B55-70 × C49-3, crossed 2004; tested as Y130-163-05. USPP 30,126; 22 Jan. 2019. Fruit: berry 7.3 g, elliptic; skin black, adherent; flesh nonpigmented, crisp, crunchy; 19.1 °Brix, 4.7 g/l TA; undetectable seed traces 1.4 mg; eating quality very good; harvest 30 July; stores up to 8 weeks. Cluster: midsize, ∼350 g; conical, slightly loose. Vine: vigor medium; growth habit semi-drooping; susceptible to powdery mildew.

Soreli. Green-yellow hybrid grape for white wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. Tocai Friulano × 20/3 (Bianca × SK77-4/5); selected 2002. CPVO PBR 52165; 28 Mar. 2019. USPP 28,057; 30 May 2017. Fruit: berry very small to small, 1.5 g; skin greenish yellow (RHS 8C); 22.7 °Brix, 4.0 g/l TA; flavor neutral; seeds 2-3; harvest 30 Aug. Cluster: very small to small, 170 g, conical with two wings; density medium. Vine: growth habit horizontal; vigor medium-strong; hermaphrodite; hardy to -24 °C; resistant to downy mildew; tolerant to powdery mildew.

Stargrape 1 (Pluto; Firestar™). Red table grape that colors well in hot areas, resistant to cracking. Origin: Stargrow Cultivar Development, Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa, by J. Fourie and P. Ellis. Parentage unknown; selected 2003 at Clanwilliam, Western Cape; tested as SG-TG-3073. South African PBR ZA 20104422; 11 May 2010. USPP 26,651; 26 Apr. 2016. Fruit: berry midsize, length 23-27 mm, width 19-22 mm; broad elliptic to narrow elliptic; skin gray-purple (RHS 187A), 100% of berries fully colored; skin thin to medium, resistant to cracking; flesh yellow-green (RHS 145D), slightly firm, juicy; 16 °Brix; flavor neutral; seed traces present, 2.9-3.3 mm; harvest midseason, early January; stores and ships well. Cluster: midsize; long, well-filled. Vine: large; vigor strong.

Stargrape 2 (Icon; Stargrape-Icon). Red table grape that colors well in hot areas. Origin: Stargrow Cultivar Development, Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa, by J. Fourie and P. Ellis. Parentage unknown; selected 2003 at Clanwilliam, Western Cape; tested as SG-TG-3009. South African PBR ZA 20114744; 1 June 2011. USPP 26,650; 26 Apr. 2016. Fruit: berry size similar to Flame, length 21-25 mm, width 19-20 mm; cylindrical; skin gray-purple (RHS 183A, 187A), 90%-100% of berries fully colored; skin thickness medium, susceptible to cracking; flesh yellow-green (RHS 145D), slightly firm, juicy; 16 °Brix; flavor neutral; seed traces present, 1.3-3.2 mm; harvest early to mid-January; stores and ships well. Cluster: midsize; long, well-filled. Vine: large; vigor strong.

Stargrape-Icon. See Stargrape 2.

Tawny Seedless. Red table grape with large round berries, resistant to rain, stores well. Origin: Lombardi Genetics, Paarl, Western Cape, South Africa, by A.B. Lombard. Red Globe × Flame Seedless, crossed 2002; tested as L2004/01. South African PBR ZA 20135347; 12 June 2013. USPP 26,300; 12 Jan. 2016. Fruit: berry 4.95 g; globose to round elliptic; skin red (PMS 505); flesh translucent white (PMS 5005), juicy, very crispy; 16-18 °Brix, 6.5 g/l TA; flavor neutral, sweet; seeds absent to very small rudimentary; harvest early to midseason, late November to early January in early areas in Southern Hemisphere; keeping and shipping quality excellent. Cluster: very large, 1,302 g, 300 berries; loose/straggly. Vine: vigor very strong; yield high; perfect flowered; resistant to rain and botrytis.

TP 1-1-12. Violet blue-skinned grape for red wine. Origin: Plocher Vines, Hugo, MN, by T.A. Plocher. Troubador × E.S. 5-4-16, crossed 2004. USPP 31,934; 7 July 2020. Fruit: berry 1.05 g; roundish; skin violet blue (RHS 98A) overlaid with grayish purplish blue (RHS 103A); flesh pale yellow (RHS 160D), slipskin; juice dark red (RHS 59A), fruity, slightly herbaceous; 23 °Brix, 3.3-3.4 pH, 8.0 g/l TA; seeded; harvest early- to mid-September. Cluster: large, 163 g; conical with 2 or 3 wings. Vine: vigor moderate; perfect flowered, buds late; hardy to -36 °C; highly resistant to downy mildew and powdery mildew; resistance to black rot good.

VDG003 (Pixie Pinot Meunier White). Green grape, ornamental, dwarf grapevine. Origin: Vineland Research and Innovations Centre, Vineland Station, Ontario, Canada, by R. Conev and D. Somers. Pixie O.P., obtained 2010. Canadian PBR 5176; 3 Feb. 2016; rights surrendered 29 Mar. 2017. USPP 26,502; 15 Mar. 2016. Fruit: berry small to medium, 1.5 g, globose; skin yellow-green (RHS 153B), thickness medium; flesh moderately firm; 22.5 °Brix; flavor neutral; seeded. Cluster: very small, 27.4 g; density medium. Vine: dwarf, with indeterminate growth habit, similar to Pixie; resistant (REN1) to powdery mildew.

Verona. Blue grape for red and rose wine. Origin: Plocher Vines, Hugo, MN, by T.A. Plocher. Troubador × E.S. 5-4-16, crossed 1997. USPP 30,631; 2 July 2019. Fruit: berry round and slightly flattened; skin blue (RHS 103A) overlaid with some violet-blue (RHS 98A); 19-22 °Brix, 3.38 pH, 8.0 g/l TA; seeded; has pronounced raspberry flavor; harvest late, early to mid-October; wine has good balance, moderate acidity, abundant tannins, and complex aromas of raspberry with a hint of chocolate. Cluster: large, 145 g; cylindrical with wing and characteristic bend, compact. Vine: buds late; cold hardy to -32 to -35 ºC; resistant to downy mildew, powdery mildew, and black rot.

Volturnis. Blue-black grape for red wine. Origin: Università degli Studi di Udine and Istituto di Genomica Applicata, Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy, by S.D. Castellarin, G. Cipriani, G. Di Gaspero, M. Morgante, E. Peterlunger, and R. Testolin. 99-1-48 × Pinot Noir. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,783; 2 Feb. 2021. Fruit: 1.43 g, globose; skin blue-black (RHS 99A); 22 °Brix, 3.6 pH, 6.6 g/l TA; seeds/berry 2-3; flavor neutral; harvest midseason, early September. Cluster: 263.3 g; conical, 3-4 wings, medium to dense. Vine: vigor high; growth habit semi-erect; resistant to downy mildew.

HAZELNUT

Shawn A. Mehlenbacher, Dept. of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

Aldara. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. Corylus heterophylla selection O.P.; selected as Grimo Het #3; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 2.2 g; round; 43.9% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 75% longer than nut and most slit; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture good; defects and empty nuts few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; growth habit spreading; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight (Anisogramma anomala); susceptible to bud mite (Phytoptus avellanae); incompatibility alleles S25S27.

Alex. Hazelnut pollinizer and nuts for fresh market. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. Faroka O.P.; selected as Grimo 186M; named in 2016. Faroka originated from open pollination of a Turkish tree hazel (Corylus colurna) selected by J.U. Gellatly in Kelowna, BC, Canada. Nut: midsize, 2.2 g; oval; 48% kernel by weight, pellicle has little fiber; husk 50% longer than nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; 5% shriveled kernels and empty nuts; most empties remain in husk; matures early October. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; productive; resistant to eastern filbert blight; highly resistant to bud mite; incompatibility alleles undetermined.

Beast™, The. See OSU 541.147.

Carmela. Hazelnut pollinizer and nuts for fresh market. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. NY 1329 (Corylus americana Rush × C. avellana Cosford.) O.P.; selected as Grimo 208P; introd. 2016. Nut: large, 4 g; oval; well filled, 36% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk 25% longer than nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; 5% shriveled and empty nuts; matures mid-October. Tree: vigorous; growth habit spreading; alternate bearing; resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S23S25.

Chelsea C-28. Hazelnut for in-shell market. Origin: Courtland, ON, Canada, by M. Hodgson. Parentage unknown, O.P. seeds from parent trees that included Barcelona, Slate, Gellatly, Myoka, Petoka, and Grimo 502; planted 1992-95; selected 2008; tested as C-28; introd. 2017. Canadian PBR 5492; 15 June 2017. Nut: large, long cylindrical, conspicuous stripes; low kernel percentage; very little fiber on the pellicle. Husk: shorter than or equal in length to nut, not constricted, most nuts fall free of the husk; matures very late. Tree: vigor moderate to high; growth habit upright-spreading; suckers few; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; female inflorescences receptive late; incompatibility alleles not tested.

Cheryl. Hazelnut pollinizer and nuts for the fresh market. Origin: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, by G. Slate. NY 110, C. americana Rush × DuChilly; introd. as Cheryl in 2016 by Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada. Nut: midsize, 3.9 g; 39% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk 50% longer than nut, most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures mid-October. Tree: vigorous; growth habit moderately spreading; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S23S25.

Dawn. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. Corylus heterophylla selection O.P.; selected as Grimo Het #5; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 2.3 g; round; 46% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 40% longer than nut and most slit; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures early September. Tree: midsize; vigor modest; growth habit spreading; very productive; resistant to filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S15S27.

Dermis. Hazelnut for the fresh market and potential pollinizer. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. Skinner O.P. (Skinner is from Manitoba from a cross of a Corylus americana × C. avellana); selected by E. Grimo of Grimo Nut Nursery; introd. as Dermis in 2016. Nut: midsize, 2.7 g; almost round; 37.7% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 40% longer than nut and most slit; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; nuts drop mid-October. Tree: vigorous; growth habit spreading; very productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles have not been determined.

Edward. Hazelnut pollinizer and nuts for fresh market. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. Alex O.P.; selected as Grimo 196J; introd. as Edward in 2020. Nut: midsize, 2.68 g; oval; 39.5% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk 50% longer than nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; 5% shriveled kernels and empty nuts; most empties remain in husk; matures midseason. Tree: vigorous; growth habit moderately spreading; production moderate; resistant to eastern filbert blight; resistant to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S11S20.

Frank. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: L. Kerr, Morden Station, MB, Canada crossed a Corylus americana from Saskatchewan with pollen from European hazels; E. Grimo, Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, obtained seed from a Saskatchewan nursery that had trees from Kerr’s work; 2 of these Saskatchewan hybrids were open pollinated in the diverse Grimo hazelnut orchard and the seedlings were planted in 2001; selected as Grimo 202F by E. Grimo; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 2.7 g; 39.9% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 70% longer than nut and slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S14 (only one allele has yet been identified).

Gene. Hazelnut for the fresh market. Origin: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, by G. Slate. NY 398, a cross of C. americana Rush × Red Lambert; introd. first as Geneva and later renamed Gene by Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, in 2016. Nut: midsize, 3.6 g; 38% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk 50% longer than the nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures mid-October. Tree: vigorous, spreading, 90% of Barcelona; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S15S23.

Hunterdon. Hazelnut for the blanched kernel market. Origin: cross made at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, by S.A. Mehlenbacher and D.C. Smith; selected and released by Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, by T.J. Molnar. Sacajawea × OSU 616.055 (OSU 309.053 × OSU 280.036); crossed 2004; selected 2012; tested as H3FR04P42; introd. 2019. USPP 32,461; 17 Nov. 2020. Nut: midsize, 2.7 g; 46% kernel by weight; pellicle has no fiber; 95% of pellicle removed by dry heat; husk 50% longer than nut and flared; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture excellent; nut and kernel defects few; matures early September, 7 d before Barcelona. Tree: vigorous; growth habit upright; productive; female inflorescences receptive early; high quantitative resistance to eastern filbert blight; incompatibility alleles S1S3.

Joanne. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: L. Kerr, Morden Station, MB, Canada, crossed a Corylus americana from Saskatchewan with pollen from European hazels. E. Grimo, Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, obtained seed from a Saskatchewan nursery that had trees from Kerr’s work; 2 of these Saskatchewan hybrids were open pollinated in the diverse Grimo hazelnut orchard and the seedlings were planted in 2001; selected as Grimo 202C by E. Grimo; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 3.2 g; 38% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 70% longer than nut and slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; productive; resistant to filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S2S14.

Kiara. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: L. Kerr, Morden Station, MB, Canada, crossed a Corylus americana from Saskatchewan with pollen from European hazels. E. Grimo, Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, obtained seed from a Saskatchewan nursery that had trees from Kerr’s work; 2 of these Saskatchewan hybrids were open pollinated in the diverse Grimo hazelnut orchard and the seedlings were planted in 2001; selected as Grimo 200G by E. Grimo; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 2.2 g; 37% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 80% longer than nut and slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; productive; resistant to filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S14S23.

Linda. Hazelnut pollinizer and nuts for the fresh market. Origin: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, by G. Slate. NY 104, C. americana Rush × DuChilly. Introduced as Linda in 2016 by the Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada. Nut: midsize, 4.3 g; 33.6% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; does not blanch well; husk 50% longer than nut, most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures mid-October. Tree: vigorous; growth habit moderately spreading; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S14S23.

Marion. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: L. Kerr, Morden Station, MB, Canada, crossed a Corylus americana from Saskatchewan with pollen from European hazels. E. Grimo, Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, obtained seed from a Saskatchewan nursery that had trees from Kerr’s work; 2 of these Saskatchewan hybrids were open pollinated in the diverse Grimo hazelnut orchard and the seedlings were planted in 2001; selected as Grimo 204E by E. Grimo; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 3.3 g; 37% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 70% longer than nut and slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; productive; resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S14S25.

Matt. Hazelnut pollinizer and nuts for fresh market. Origin: Faroka O.P., selected as Grimo 208D by E. Grimo, Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada; named 2016. Faroka is from open pollination of a Turkish tree hazel (Corylus colurna) and selected by J.U. Gellatly in Kelowna, BC, Canada. Nut: midsize, 3.5 g; oval; 41% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk 50% longer than nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; 5% shriveled kernels and empty nuts; most empties remain in husk; matures mid-September. Tree: vigorous, upright; production moderate, alternate bearing; resistant to eastern filbert blight; highly resistant to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S11S13.

Monmouth. Hazelnut for the blanched kernel market. Origin: Cross made at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, by S.A. Mehlenbacher and D.C. Smith; selected and released by Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, by T.J. Molnar. Sacajawea × OSU 616.055 (OSU 309.053 × OSU 280.036); crossed 2004; selected 2012; tested as H3FR05P69; introd. 2019. USPP 32,462; 17 Nov. 2020. Nut: small-medium, 2.5 g, 51% kernel by weight; pellicle has light fiber; 95% of pellicle removed by dry heat; husk 50% longer than nut, flared, and slit on the side; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture very good; number of nut and kernel defects moderate; matures early September, ∼1 week before Barcelona. Tree: vigor moderate; upright; productive; female inflorescences receptive in early midseason; high quantitative resistance to eastern filbert blight; incompatibility alleles S1S12.

Nathan. Hazelnut for the fresh market and as a pollinizer in colder regions. Origin: Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada, by E. Grimo. Corylus heterophylla selection O.P. in the diverse Grimo hazelnut orchard, selected as Grimo 194M; introd. 2019. Nut: midsize, round; 36.0% kernel by weight; pellicle has low fiber; husk is 50% longer than the nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; vigor moderate; growth habit spreading; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S8S11.

Norfolk C-16. Hazelnut for in-shell market. Origin: Courtland, ON, Canada, by M. Hodgson. Parentage unknown, O.P. seeds planted 1992-95 from parent trees that included Barcelona, Slate, Gellatly, Myoka, Petoka, and Grimo 502; selected 2008; tested as C-16; introd. 2017. Canadian PBR 5493; 15 June 2017. Nut: large, long cylindrical; kernel midsize; percent kernel <Butler; moderate amount of fiber on the pellicle; husk longer than nut; matures late. Tree: vigor medium; growth habit upright-spreading; female inflorescences receptive late; very highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; incompatibility alleles not tested.

Northern Blais. Hazelnut for the fresh market in colder regions. Origin: 1 of 20 seedlings purchased from Jacques Blais of Joly, QC, Canada (USDA Zone 4b); selected by E. Grimo of Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada; introd. 2016. Nut: midsize, 2.8 g; 34.6% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk is 70% longer than nut and slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures late August. Tree: midsize; vigor moderate, spreading; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S8S25.

OSU 541.147 (The Beast™). Hazelnut for the kernel market in eastern North America. Origin: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, by S.A. Mehlenbacher, D.C. Smith, R.L. McCluskey, and J.W. Snelling. Released by the Hybrid Hazelnut Consortium, whose members also include Rutgers University, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and the Arbor Day Foundation. Slate (NY 616) (Corylus americana Rush × Barcelona) × OSU 226.118 (Tombul Ghiaghli × OSU 442.103); crossed 1990, selected 1998; tested as OSU 541.147; introd. 2020. USPP 33,561; 19 Oct. 2021. Nut: small, 2.6 g; 44% kernel by weight; pellicle has heavy fiber; 50% of pellicle removed by dry heat; husk 60% longer than nut; 85% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures 5 d later than Barcelona. Tree: vigor moderate, 94% of Jefferson; growth habit upright; productive; female inflorescences receptive in midseason; pollen shed in midseason; catkins more cold-hardy than C. avellana cultivars; very highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S8S23.

PollyO. Hazelnut for the blanched kernel market. Origin: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, by S.A. Mehlenbacher, D.C. Smith, and R.L. McCluskey. OSU 684.104 (Birk 5-6 × Mortarella) × OSU 669.104 (OSU 342.019 × Zimmerman); crossed 2001; selected 2009; tested as OSU 1108.001; introd. 2018. USPP 32,459; 17 Nov. 2020. Nut: small-medium, 2.8 g; 47% kernel by weight; pellicle has heavy fiber; 80% of pellicle removed by dry heat; husk 25% longer than nut and slit on side; 92% free-husking; flavor and texture excellent; nut and kernel defects few; matures 14 d before Barcelona. Tree: vigorous, 136% of Jefferson; growth habit globose; productive; female inflorescences receptive in early midseason; very highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; highly resistant to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S2S10.

Raritan. Hazelnut for the blanched kernel market. Origin: cross made 2004 at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, by S.A. Mehlenbacher and D.C. Smith; selected and released by Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, by T.J. Molnar. OSU 539.031 (OSU 275.031 × Sant Pere) × OSU 616.018 (Tonda di Giffoni × OSU 252.146); crossed 2004; selected 2012; tested as H3FR03P33; introd. 2019. USPP 32,460; 17 Nov. 2020. Nut: midsize, 2.5 g; round and slightly compressed; 47% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; 90% of pellicle removed by dry heat; husk 50% longer than nut, flared and slit on side; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture very good; nut and kernel defects few; nuts mature 1st or 2nd week September. Tree: very vigorous; growth habit upright; productive; female inflorescences receptive in early midseason; high quantitative resistance to eastern filbert blight; incompatibility alleles S3S22.

Slate. Hazelnut for the fresh market. Origin: New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, by G. Slate. NY 616, a cross of C. americana Rush × Barcelona; introduced as Slate in 2016 by Grimo Nut Nursery, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada. Nut: midsize, 3.4 g; 38.2% kernel by weight; pellicle has little fiber; husk 50% longer than nut and most slit; 80% free-husking; flavor and texture good; nut and kernel defects few; matures mid-October. Tree: vigor moderate, 70% of Barcelona; productive; highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; susceptible to bud mite; incompatibility alleles S1S23.

Somerset. Hazelnut for the kernel market. Origin: cross made 2000 at Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, by S.A. Mehlenbacher and D.C. Smith; selected and released by Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, by T.J. Molnar. OSU 665.123 (OSU 245.098 × Mortarella) × Ratoli; selected 2008; tested as CRXR04P43; introd. 2019. USPP 32,494; 24 Nov. 2020. Nut: small-medium, 2.1 g; 54% kernel by weight; no fiber on pellicle, 55% of pellicle removed by dry heat; nuts mature 1st or 2nd week September; husk 40% longer than nut, flared and slit on the side; 90% free-husking; flavor and texture very good; nut and kernel defects few. Tree: vigor low; growth habit compact, slightly spreading; precocious and productive; female inflorescences receptive in early midseason; very highly resistant to eastern filbert blight; incompatibility alleles S3S10.

The Beast™. See OSU 541.147.

KIWIFRUIT

A. Ross Ferguson, The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research, Auckland, New Zealand

AC 401 057. Female, early maturing, elliptic, yellow flesh, sweet with good sweetness/acidity balance, Actinidia chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: University of Udine and University of Bologna, Italy, by R. Testolin, G. Cipriani, and G. Costa. C9 × AC 171.1; crossed 2004. CPVO PBR applied for. Fruit: 114 g; elliptic, stylar end flat, cross section circular; skin light brown, hairs absent, lenticels inconspicuous; pericarp flesh medium yellow, locules medium yellow, core medium, circular to elliptical, light yellow-white; flavor sweet, 16.3 °Brix, eating ripe; ripens early, 15 Sept. to 5 Oct., Forlì, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Vine: deciduous; vigor medium; pistillate flowers requiring pollinizer; budburst early, 23 Mar., similar to Tomua, flowering 7-8 d before Hayward; tetraploid.

AC 459 011. Female, late maturing, elliptic, green flesh, very sweet, with low acidity. Actinidia chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: University of Udine and University of Bologna, Italy, by R. Testolin, G. Cipriani, and G. Costa. C9 × AC 171.1. CPVO PBR applied for. Fruit: large; elliptic, stylar end weakly blunt protruding, cross section circular; skin light brown, hairs absent, lenticels inconspicuous; pericarp flesh brilliant green, locules dark green, core medium, triangular, very pale green-white; flavor sweet, acidity low; harvest few days before Hayward, Forlì, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Vine: deciduous; vigor medium; pistillate flowers requiring pollinizer; budburst early, flowering 4-5 d before Hayward; tetraploid.

AC 497 076. Female, early maturing, oblong, dark yellow flesh, very sweet with low acidity. Actinidia chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: University of Udine, Italy, by R. Testolin and G. Cipriani. Jintao (Wuzhi No. 6) × A134.41; crossed 2008. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,743; 12 Jan. 2021. Fruit: 109 g, 76 × 50 mm; oblong-elliptic, stylar end strongly depressed, cross section circular; skin thick, purple-brown (RHS 183A), hairs absent, lenticels inconspicuous; pericarp flesh yellow (RHS 12A), locules light yellow-brown (RHS 160B), core medium, elliptical, light yellow-white (RHS 4D); flavor sweet, 16.2 ± 0.3 °Brix, eating ripe; acidity low; harvest early, 15 Sept. to 1 Oct., Bernalda-Metaponto, Italy. Vine: deciduous; vigor medium; pistillate flowers requiring pollinizer; budburst early, similar to Tomua, flowering 7-8 d before Hayward; tetraploid.

AC 501 022. Female, early maturing, oblong, yellow flesh, very sweet, with low acidity. A. chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: University of Udine, Italy, by R. Testolin and G. Cipriani. Ac328.26 × A134.41; crossed 2008. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,742; 12 Jan. 2021. Fruit: size uniform, 103 g, 74 × 50 mm; oblong, stylar end strongly depressed, cross section circular; skin thin, dark brown (RHS 199C), hairs absent, lenticels inconspicuous; pericarp flesh medium yellow (RHS 7D), locules light yellow-brown (RHS 160B), core small, circular, light yellow-white (RHS 4D); flavor sweet, 18.3 ± 0.3 °Brix, eating ripe; acidity low; storage long, ∼5 months in cold storage, harvest early, 25 Sept. to 10 Oct., Bernalda-Metaponto, Italy. Vine: deciduous; vigor strong; productivity high, pistillate flowers requiring pollinizer; budburst early, similar to Tomua, flowering 6 d before Hayward; no preharvest drop or fruit cracking; tetraploid.

Red Goal. Female, late-maturing, large, red inner pulp, good storage life. A. chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: G. Dal Pane, Castel Bolognese, Italy. Parentage unknown; selected 2016; grafted on Hayward and Tomuri rootstocks in greenhouse at Santa Cristina e Bissone, Pavia, Italy. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,472; 14 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large for red-fleshed kiwifruit, 100 g, 65 × 55 mm; oblong, slightly obovoid, stylar end round, cross section circular-oblate; skin greenish-brown depending on exposure, hairs short, soft, easily removed, lenticels minute; pericarp flesh yellow, locules red, core medium, oblate, white; flavor sweet, 19-21 °Brix, eating ripe; storage long, 5 months; harvest mid-October. Vine: deciduous; vigor weak-medium; pistillate flowers requiring pollinizer; budbreak mid-March, flowering late April to early May; diploid.

Tango. Female, cold hardy with relatively small fruit, not a kiwiberry. A. chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: USDA-ARS Appalachian Fruit Research Station, Kearneysville, WV, by R. Scorza and M. Demuth. O.P. seed from plants growing at Istituto Sperimentale per la Frutticoltura, Rome, Italy, which originated from seed from Guangxi, China. USPP 32,617; 15 Dec. 2020. Fruit: small, 35 g, 43 × 35 mm; shape short oblong, stylar end round, cross section circular; skin mostly yellow-green (RHS 144A); hairs fine downy, gray-orange (RHS 165B), lenticels small, abundant; outer pericarp yellow-green (RHS 144C), inner pericarp yellow-green (RHS 144 B), core yellow-green (RHS 144D); storage 3 month; harvest late October to early November. Vine: deciduous; vigor moderate-vigorous; winter-hardiness good, surviving -21 °C; flowering early May.

Zes008 (fruit sold as Zespri RubyRed®, previously Zespri Red®). Female, locules on ripe fruit are dark red, outer pericarp greenish yellow with red speckles. A. chinensis var. chinensis. Origin: New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research, Te Puke, by R.G. Lowe. Zes006 × CK51_09, seedling from a seed accession from the wild in China; crossed 2005; selected as K07.19-10-09e July 2011, selection based on fruit size, high sweetness and consistently dark and intense red coloration; trialed as Red19 by grafting onto Bruno seedling rootstocks 2011-2019. New Zealand PBR 34525; 19 Mar. 2020. USPP 32,076; 18 Aug. 2020; test marketed from 2019; introd. 2020. Fruit: size medium, 62.3-87 g, average 73.5 g, 60 × 45.9 × 42.9 mm; short elliptical, blunt, stylar end weakly depressed, cross section oblate; skin greenish brown (RHS 152A at harvest, RHS 152C at eating maturity); hairs short, soft, reddish brown (RHS 163B), primarily at stylar end, weakly adherent; lenticels numerous, small; outer pericarp greenish yellow with red speckles (RHS 46A), number varying considerably from fruit to fruit, locules strong dark red (RHS 46), core orange white (RHS 159B) at harvest, white (RHS 155A) at eating ripeness; flavor very sweet, 18.7-23.9 °Brix, average 21.1 °Brix; storage life 4-5 months, fruit firmness >0.5 kgf under cold storage, controlled atmosphere; harvest late March to early April. Vine: deciduous; size moderate; vigor medium; pistillate flowers requiring pollinizer; budburst early September, flowering mid-October; tolerant of bacterial flower rot (Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae); diploid.

MANGO

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

Magriver. Bright yellow, with excellent flavor, suitable for processing and rootstock. Origin: Magdalena River Colombia, Malambo, Atlántico Department, Colombia, by M.I. Cervantes Mantilla and F. Ricciardiello. Hilacha O.P.; selected 2016 in Sitionuevo, Magdalena Department, Colombia. USPP 32,719; 5 Jan. 2021. Fruit: length 71 mm, diameter 60 mm, 168 g; oblong to oval, base and apex rounded, with small lateral beak; skin yellow-orange (RHS 21A) with orange to pink blush (RHS 32B) on fruit exposed to sun; skin tender, adhesive; flesh soft, melting, juicy, fibrous, yellow-orange (RHS 24A); flavor excellent, rich and aromatic, reminiscent of melon, citrus, and sugar cane, 15.5 ºBrix; seed polyembryonic; ripe April through July in Barranquilla, Atlántico Department; shipping and shelf life above average; for mango pulp and juice. Tree: vigorous; growth habit erect, open, and branched; yield high and consistent; tolerant to anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides); moderately susceptible to powdery mildew (Oidium mangiferae); suitable as rootstock for saline soils.

Orange Star. Large, yellow, kidney-shaped, with fiberless orange flesh, for fresh markets and processing. Origin: R. Vail, El Pescadero, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Keitt × Lemon, crossed 1999; tested starting 2003 in La Paz, Baja California Sur. USPP 32,768; 26 Jan. 2020. Fruit: length 140 mm, width 100 mm, 400-700 g; elongated, kidney-shaped; skin yellow-orange to orange-red (RHS 34C) with red blush; lenticel spotting dense; skin thickness ∼1 mm, adherence to skin moderate; flesh intense orange (RHS 25A), firm at maturity, easy to cube or process, smooth, fiberless; flavor blends citrus with mango; ripens before Keitt, more evenly than Keitt, and for a longer season; stores 2-3 weeks at 10 ºC. Tree: vigorous; first blooms November to January in La Paz; resistant to fungal diseases.

MULBERRY

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

Trader. Very cold hardy Morus alba with purple-black fruit ripening over 2 months. Origin: Oriska, ND, by J. Walla and M.E. Kjelland. Disc. 2000 as sole survivor from a grove of unnamed seedlings planted by a German immigrant c. 1890. USPP 28,932; 6 Feb. 2018. Fruit: length 16.5 mm, width 11 mm, 0.5 g; oblong; fruits per twig 10; drupelets per aggregate fruit 40; skin and flesh color when mature purple-black (N186A with very base 181A); flesh very firm, flavor sweet and slightly tart; seeds few, 1 per drupelet if present, lacks viability; style and stigma persistent at maturity; ripens sequentially from mid-July to mid-September in North Dakota. Tree: very vigorous when young; crown spherical, relatively open; 13-year-old tree’s height 6 m, spread 4 m; original (125-year-old) tree’s height 11 m, spread 9.1 m; propagated by softwood cuttings; blooms early summer in North Dakota; extremely cold hardy, USDA Zone 4a, branch dieback rare; resistant to spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii).

NECTARINE

John Mark Lawton and Ksenija Gasic, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC

Andes Nec-5 (Andesneccinco). White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: University of Chile, Viveros Asociados Chile, Santiago, by R. Infante. Andesnectres × 18-R-47. Chilean PBR 49/19; 2 July 2019. USPP 32,853; 2 Mar. 2021. Fruit: large, 190-210 g; round; 90-100% red blush; sweetness and acidity balanced, low acid; 16-18 °Brix; shipping and keeping quality good; ripens 15-20 d before August Red in El Tambo, VI region, Chile. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers non-showy; leaf glands reniform.

Andesneccinco. See Andes Nec-5.

Blanq 2601. White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 11.01.290.94 NB × ASF 01.01.02.00 NJ. CPVO PBR 51289; 11 Feb. 2019. Fruit: small to medium; round; 90-100% red blush; firm; crunchy; flavor moderate to intense; 11.6 °Brix; postharvest quality good; ripens 20 June to 5 July in Lleida, Spain. Tree: upright to spreading; flowers non-showy, self-fertile; leaf glands reniform.

Blanq 3001. White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 01.14.77.01 NB × ASF 01.07.43.01 NJ. CPVO PBR 49948; 16 July 2018. Fruit: medium; broad elliptic; 70-90% light red blush; crunchy; flavor moderate; 12.0 °Brix; postharvest quality moderate; ripens 21 July to 8 Aug. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: upright to spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; leaf glands reniform.

Blanq 3301 (Blanq 33 01). White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. JMD698 NB × 01.24.49.02 NJ. CPVO PBR 46011; 3 Apr. 2017. Fruit: medium to large; round; 70-80% dark red blush; very firm; crunchy; flavor intense; 12.2 °Brix; postharvest quality good; ripens 22 Aug. to 7 Sept. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; leaf glands reniform.

Burnecttwentyeight (Spring Flare® 25 [multiple cultivars may be marketed under this trade name]). Yellow-fleshed, non-melting, clingstone. Origin: Burchell Nursery, Oakdale, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and T.J. Gerdts. Burnecttwentytwo × Galaxy. USPP 26,610; 19 Apr. 2016. Fruit: large, 258 g; rounded to slightly oblate; 85% medium to dark red blush over deep yellow background color; firm; sweet and acidic, 14.5 °Brix; ripens 16-27 June in Oakdale. Tree: medium-large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement low, 450 h; leaf glands globose.

Cakebuzz. Flat, white-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Cakedelice × Nectarboom. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,688; 21 Apr. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 180 g; flat; 95% purple red blush; firm; crunchy; juicy; semi-sweet, sugary, low acid, 15.3 °Brix; keeping quality excellent; ripens 21 July to 4 Aug. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 550-1100 h; leaf glands round.

Cakediva. Flat, white-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarperf × Cakedelice. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,509; 28 Sept. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 155-210 g; flat; near 100% purple red blush; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, aromatic, 16.1-16.6 °Brix; keeping quality excellent; ripens 28 Aug. to 26 Sept. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared; semi-upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1100 h; leaf glands reniform.

Cakepop. Flat, white-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarlove × Cakedelice. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,547; 12 Oct. 2021. Fruit: flat; medium to large, 115-150 g; full purple red blush; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, aromatic, 15.5-16 °Brix; keeping quality excellent; ripens 6 Aug. to 13 Sept. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared; semi-upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1100 h; leaf glands between round and reniform.

Cakequeen. Flat, white-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarlove × Flatdiva. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,446; 7 Sept. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 140-160 g; flat; 80-90% purple red blush; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, aromatic, 13.5-15 °Brix; keeping quality excellent; ripens 23 Aug. to 17 Sept. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; growth habit semi-flared, semi-upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1100 h; leaf glands reniform.

Cakerumba. Flat, white-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarperf × Cakedelice. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,687; 21 Apr. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 120-130 g; flat; 75-85% purple red blush over red background color; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, aromatic, 15-16 °Brix; shipping quality good; ripens 4-30 Aug. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 550-1100 h; leaf glands reniform.

Eric’s Bliss. White-fleshed, clingstone. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 60ZB345 × 55ZH874. USPP 31,037; 12 Nov. 2019. Fruit: medium to large, 190.3 g; globose; speckled dark red blush; firm; balanced sweetness and acidity, 15.2 °Brix; keeping quality good; ripens 23 May to 2 June in Modesto, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; upright; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement low, 400 h; leaf glands reniform.

Magic Fire. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 359LY48 × 219LV284. USPP 32,016; 28 July 2020. Fruit: large, 296.7 g; globose; high degree of dark red blush; firm; meaty; crisp; sweetness and acidity balanced, 13.5 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 24 July to 3 Aug. in Modesto, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 750 h; leaf glands reniform.

Magna 2901 (Magna 29 01). Yellow-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. Redpearl × ASF01.23.15.02 NJ. CPVO PBR 44942; 5 Dec. 2016. Fruit: medium; broad elliptic; 80-100% dark red blush; very firm; crunchy; flavor moderate to intense; 12.9 °Brix; postharvest quality moderate to poor; ripens 17-31 July in Lleida, Spain. Tree: spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; leaf glands reniform.

Magna 3701. Yellow-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. 01.16.13.02 NJ × ASF 01.24.93.02 NJ. CPVO PBR 49950; 16 July 2018. Fruit: medium to large; round; 50-70% red blush; firm; crunchy; flavor moderate to intense; 12.1 °Brix; postharvest quality good; ripens 8-24 Sept. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: upright to spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; leaf glands reniform.

Nsred14262. Red-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarperf O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,651; 14 Apr. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 153-168 g; round; 95% dark purple red blush on purple red background; firm; semi-sweet, low acid, aromatic, >12 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality very good; ripens 10 June to 7 July in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared to semi-upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1200 h; leaf glands round.

Nsred15261. Red-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarperf O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,700; 28 Apr. 2020. Fruit: medium, 115-130 g; 95% dark purple red blush on red background; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, low acid, aromatic, >12 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality very good; ripens 5-23 June in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1200 h; leaf glands round.

Nsred15262. Red-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarperf O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,745;12 May 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 120-160 g; round; 95% dark red blush on purple red background; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, low acid, aromatic, >12 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality very good; ripens 15 June to 2 July in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1200 h; leaf glands reniform.

Nsred15273. Red-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elne, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarperf O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,744; 12 May 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 145-160 g; round to slightly oblong; 95% dark purple red blush on purple red background; firm; crunchy; semi-sweet, low acid, aromatic, >13 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality very good; ripens 5-24 Aug. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; semi-flared to semi-upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1200 h; leaf glands round.

Polar Pride. White-fleshed, clingstone interspecific nectarine. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 48LW224 O.P.; pedigree includes nectarine, plum, and peach. USPP 26,732; 17 May 2016. Fruit: large, 241.1 g; globose; high red blush; flesh firm, meaty, juicy; flavor balanced, 15.2 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 3-13 Aug. in Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement high, 1000 h; leaf glands reniform.

Spring Flare® 25. See Burnecttwentyeight.

Wanectfour. Yellow-fleshed, non-melting, clingstone. Origin: Wawona Packing, Cutler, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and K.M. Roberts. Burnecttwo × unnamed selection. USPP 33,308; 3 Aug. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 268 g; globose; 90-95% red blush over medium orange-yellow background; firm; balanced sweetness with medium to low acidity, 13-15 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 8-18 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers non-showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 550 h; leaf glands reniform.

Wanectthree. Yellow-fleshed, non-melting, clingstone. Origin: Wawona Packing, Cutler, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and K.M. Roberts. Unnamed selection O.P., most likely selfed. USPP 32,906; 23 Mar. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 255 g; globose; 85-95% red blush over medium orange-yellow background; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 12.5-14 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 20-29 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium large; moderately vigorous; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 600 h; leaf glands reniform.

Wanecttwo. White-fleshed, non-melting, freestone. Origin: Wawona Packing, Cutler, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and K.M. Roberts. M9.111 × M12.070. USPP 31,715; 5 May 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 257 g; globose; 85-95% red blush over medium white background; firm; sweetness and low acidity balanced, 15-17 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 30 June to 10 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium to large; vigor moderate; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 500 h; leaf glands reniform.

Yellow Dream. Yellow-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, South Korea, by J.H. Jun, K.H. Chung, S.K. Yun, S.J. Kim, and Y.S. Do. Baekhyang × Romamer I; crossed 1999; introd. 2017. South Korean PBR 8188; 22 June 2020. Fruit: large, 203.8 g; round; mottled light red blush on greenish yellow background color; firm; sweet with low acidity, 13.1 °Brix; ripens 11 July in Wanju, Korea. Tree: vigor moderate; semi-upright; flowers non-showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement high, 950-1000 h; leaf glands reniform.

PASSION FRUIT

Eric T. Stafne, Mississippi State University, Poplarville, MS

Panama Red (Red Panama). Vigorous, highly productive vine bearing oval, reddish purple fruit. Origin: Passiflora edulis f. edulis × P. edulis f. flavicarpa selected in Queensland, Australia. Fruit: medium to large, height and diameter 90 mm, ∼71 g; oval; skin reddish purple, lenticels prominent; skin moderately thick; flesh yellow with black seeds; flavor sweet, acidity mild, juice °Brix ∼13.7, pH ∼2.9; aroma pleasant; keeps up to 2 weeks at 7 °C; for fresh market and juice processing. Vine: very vigorous; leaves deeply lobed with serrated edges; flowers showy, purple and white, aromatic; not self-fertile; flowers and fruits continuously under ideal conditions; propagates easily from cuttings or seeds; yield high, up to 20 t/ha; susceptible to viruses including cucumber mosaic virus and passionfruit woodiness virus, fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum), and several fungal other pathogens such as Septoria leaf spot (Septoria spp.) and Brown spot (Alternaria passiflorae); susceptible to nematodes, scale, mites, and several insect pests including Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata) and citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri); not cold hardy, requires frost-free growing area and fertile, well-drained soil; not tolerant to drought or salinity; heat tolerant.

PEACH

John Mark Lawton and Ksenija Gasic, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC

A-858P (Saturn Gold®). Yellow-fleshed, flat, melting, semi-freestone. Origin: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, by J.R. Clark. White Diamond × A609P. USPP 33,973; 1 Mar. 2022. Fruit: medium, 120 g; flat; 90% red blush over yellow orange background; flavor sweet, good, 15.9 °Brix; ripens 27 June near Clarksville, AR. Tree: size standard; vigorous; semi-spreading; productivity moderate; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 800 h; fruit and leaf both moderately resistant to bacterial spot (Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni); leaf glands reniform.

American. Yellow-fleshed, nonmelting, clingstone. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 225LV72 O.P. USPP 27,828; 4 Apr. 2017. Fruit: large, 230 g; globose; skin attractive orange; firm; suitable for mechanical pitters; flavor balanced, 10.7 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 24 June to 4 July in Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; growth habit upright; productive; flowers non-showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands reniform.

Anna Rose™. See NJ360.

Burpeachfortytwo (Snow Flame® 35 [multiple cultivars may be marketed under this trade name]). White-fleshed, nonmelting, clingstone. Origin: Burchell Nursery, Oakdale, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and T.J. Gerdts. A40.005 × unnamed low-acid white nectarine. USPP 31,380; 21 Jan. 2020. Fruit: large, 275 g; uniform; 65-85% orange red blush over creamy white background; firm; juicy; sweetness and acidity balanced, 15-18 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality excellent; ripens 2-10 Sept. in Fowler, CA. Tree: large; vigor moderate; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 650 h; leaf glands reniform.

Felicia™. See NJ361.

Flatboom. White-fleshed, flat, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elene, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Flatelse × Nectarruby; tested as 02.12.430.16 and ASF16245. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,511; 28 Sept. 2021. Fruit: small-medium, 162 g; flat; 95% purple red blush over red background; very firm, crunchy; aromatic, semi-sweet, low-acid, >13 °Brix; shipping and keeping quality good; ripens 1-14 July in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; growth habit half-standing, semi-flared; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1200 h; leaf glands reniform.

Flatrumba. White-fleshed, flat, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elene, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Nectarbondant × Cakedelice; tested as 24.05.87.15 PBPL and ASF15245. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 33,510; 28 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 180-200 g; flat; pubescence light; purple red blush covers 75% of washed red background; very firm, crunchy; texture smooth; aromatic, sweet, >13 °Brix; shipping and keeping quality good; ripens 21 Aug. to 2 Sept. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-1200 h; leaf glands round.

Ivana. Yellow-fleshed, semi-freestone Springcrest sport with higher color, lighter fuzz and firmer texture. Origin: University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Fruit Growing and Viticulture, Novi Sad, Serbia, by V.M. Ognjanov, M. Miodragović, G. Barać, M. Ljubojević, J. Dulić, M. Sekulić, and T. Narandžić. Springcrest sport; selected 2006, introd. 2018. Fruit: medium to large, 152.4 g; globose; pubescence extremely light; 85% dark purple red blush over orange yellow background; very firm; flavor sweet, balanced, 11.97 °Brix; postharvest and keeping quality good; ripens 26 June in Novi Sad. Tree: vigor moderate; spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 700-900 h; leaf glands reniform.

Lady Erin. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 56B472 × Summer Amelia. USPP 32,191; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: very large, 391 g; globose; attractive red blush over yellow background; firm; juicy; sweetness and acidity balanced, 13.1 °Brix; ripens 21-31 July in Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands reniform.

Lux 2902 (Lux 29 02). White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 02.04.32.02 Pj × ASF 02.10.66.02 Nb. CPVO PBR 48353; 19 Feb. 2018. Fruit: medium to large; globose; light red blush covers nearly 100% of cream background surface; crunchy; flavor quality medium, 10.6 °Brix; postharvest quality good; ripens 10-31 July in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor moderate; spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; flower bud density sparse; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands round.

Lux 3501 (Lux 35 01). White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 01.05.05.98 Pb × ASF 01.24.93.02 Nj. CPVO PBR 46010; 3 Apr. 2017. Fruit: large; globose; 90% dark red blush over greenish white background; crunchy; flavor quality medium, 11.7 °Brix; postharvest quality good; ripens 26 Aug. to 6 Sept. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor moderate; spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; flower bud density very sparse to sparse; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands reniform.

Lux 3502. White-fleshed, nonmelting freestone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 03.13.07.04 Pb O.P. CPVO PBR 49951; 16 July 2018. Fruit: medium to large; globose; pink-red blush covers nearly 100% of creamy white background; crunchy; flavor quality medium, 11.1 °Brix; postharvest quality moderate; ripens 22 Aug. to 9 Sept. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor moderate; growth habit upright to spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; flower bud density very sparse to sparse; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands reniform.

MC 1936. Yellow-fleshed, freestone. Origin: Farmex Land Management, Sanger, CA, by M. Caprelian. Fayette sport. USPP 28,340; 29 Aug. 2017. Fruit: size medium; 50% deep pinkish orange blush covers yellow background; firm; flavor good; shipping quality good; ripens 7- 21 Sept. in Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: small-medium; vigor moderate; upright and spreading; productive; flowers showy; leaf glands reniform.

NJ360 (Anna Rose™). White-fleshed, melting, semi-freestone. Origin: Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, by J.C. Goffreda and A.M. Voordeckers. H24-128-01224 × NJ354. USPP 33,473; 14 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 170 g; globose; red to grayed-purple blush over bright yellow-white background; firm; sweet, low-acid, 13.8 °Brix; keeping quality medium; shipping quality good; ripens 27 July to 8 Aug. in Cream Ridge, NJ. Tree: vigorous; spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; low susceptibility to bacterial leaf spot; leaf glands reniform.

NJ361 (Felicia™). Yellow-fleshed, melting, semi-freestone. Origin: Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, by J.C. Goffreda and A.M. Voordeckers. P.F.23 × D91-184-94229. USPP 33,474; 14 Sept. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 180-280 g; globose; purple red blush over yellow-orange ground color; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 14.9 °Brix; keeping quality medium; ripens 28 July to 12 Aug. in Cream Ridge, NJ. Tree: vigorous; spreading; very productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; susceptibility to bacterial leaf spot low to medium; leaf glands reniform.

Nordic Gem™. See W-2.

Octoberfest™. See Zee Pch-1.

Pbro15170. White-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elene, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Sweetstar O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,652; 14 Apr. 2020. Fruit: large, 250 g; slightly asymmetrical; 75% dark red purple red blush over washed pink background; firm; semi-sweet; aromatic; eating quality good, 15 °Brix; shipping and postharvest quality good; ripens 30 July to 2 Aug. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 552-1200 h; leaf glands reniform.

Pbro16168. White-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits, Elene, France, by A. Maillard and L. Maillard. Sweetstar O.P. USPP 31,653;14 Apr. 2020. Fruit: medium, 210 g; 80% dark purple red blush over luminous red background; firm to very firm; crunchy; juicy; semi-sweet, aromatic, 14.1 °Brix; shipping and postharvest quality good; ripens 24 July to 14 Aug. in Pyrénées-Orientales Dept., France. Tree: large; vigor moderate; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate to high, 552-1200 h; leaf glands reniform.

Pearl Princess VI. White-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Pearl Princess V × 66M351. USPP 33,156; 15 June 2021. Fruit: large, 300 g; oblate; full deep red blush over a strong pink background; firm; shoulders soften fast; sweet, low-acid, 16 °Brix; ripens 22 June to 2 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; semi-upright; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 550 h; leaf glands reniform.

Presivac-1 (Presivac 1). Early-season, low-chill, yellow-fleshed, nonmelting, clingstone. Origin: Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Moncada, Valencia, Spain, by J. Martínez-Calvo and M.L. Badenes. Egea × Precocinho; crossed 2000. CPVO PBR 50851; 17 Dec. 2018. Fruit: small, 115 g; 50% red blush on light orange background; juicy; sweet and low in acidity for season, 11.4 °Brix; aromatic; ripens 16 May in Valencia. Tree: bloom thinning required to optimize fruit size; chilling requirement low, 350-450 h.

Red Princess VI. Yellow-fleshed, nonmelting, clingstone. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. July Princess × August Bright. USPP 31,701; 28 Apr. 2020. Fruit: large, 369 g; globose; dark red blush over strong orange background with dark reddish orange suture line; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced; 15-16 °Brix; eating and keeping quality good; ripens 21 Aug. to 1 Sept. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands reniform.

Saturn Gold®. See A-858P.

Snow Flame® 35. See Burpeachfortytwo.

Supechtwentyfive. Low-chill, yellow-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersville, CA, by T.A. Bacon and T.J. Frett. Surpechseventeen × PeachLate12. USPP 32,928; 30 Mar. 2021. Fruit: large, 190 g; globose; nearly 100% medium red blush covering medium yellow-orange background; firm; flavor sweet, mild, balanced; 13 °Brix; ripens 27 Apr. to 7 May in Wasco, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; semi-upright; blooms early, ∼10 Feb.; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement low, 200 h; leaf glands globose.

Supechtwentysix. Low-chill, yellow-fleshed, melting, semi-clingstone. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon. PE226 O.P. USPP 32,947; 6 Apr. 2021. Fruit: large, 270 g; globose; medium to dark red blush covering 95% of medium yellow-orange background; firm; flavor sweet, mild, balanced; 12 °Brix; ripens 1-10 June in Wasco, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; semi-upright; flowers non-showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement low, 200 h; leaf glands globose.

Terram 2902 (Terram 29 02). Yellow-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, Spain, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. EP 01.27.83.97 Pj × ASF 01.07.33.01 Nj. CPVO PBR 48567; 19 Mar. 2018. Fruit: medium to large; globose; medium red blush covering nearly all greenish yellow background; crunchy; flavor quality medium, 10.8 °Brix; postharvest quality medium; ripens 7-28 July in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor moderate; spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; flower bud density very sparse to sparse; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands globose.

Terram 3401. Yellow-fleshed, nonmelting clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, Spain, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 02.04.55.02 Pj × 58GC76. CPVO PBR 52697; 20 May 2019. Fruit: medium to large; globose; medium red blush covering 90% of yellow background; crunchy; flavor quality medium, 11.3 °Brix; postharvest quality poor; ripens 13-17 August in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor moderate; upright; flowers showy, self-fertile; flower bud density very sparse; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands reniform.

Terram 3601 (Terram 36 01). High-chill, yellow-fleshed, melting, freestone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, Spain, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. Ryan Sun O.P. CPVO PBR 44390; 19 Sept. 2016. Fruit: medium to large; broad elliptic; medium red blush covering 80% of creamy yellow background; crunchy; flavor quality medium; 11.6 °Brix; postharvest quality poor; ripens 31 Aug. to 15 Sept. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor low; spreading; flower bud density very sparse; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands reniform.

Terram 3701. Yellow-fleshed, melting, clingstone. Origin: Agro Selections Fruits and Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology, Spain, by C. Font i Forcada, G. Reig, C. Fontich, I. Batlle, S. Alegre, C.M. Cantín, I. Eduardo, J. Carbó, A. Maillard, L. Maillard, and J. Bonany. ASF 01.06.39.99 Pj × ASF 01.07.33.01 N. CPVO PBR 52696; 20 May 2019. Fruit: medium to large; globose; medium red blush covering 60% of yellow background; crunchy; flavor quality medium; 11.3 °Brix; postharvest quality medium; ripens 7-27 Sept. in Lleida, Spain. Tree: vigor moderate; upright; flower bud density very sparse to sparse; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement high, 1000-1500 h (42-75 chill portions); leaf glands reniform.

W-2 (Nordic Gem™). White-fleshed, melting, freestone. Origin: Clovis, CA, by J. Doyle. Autumn Flame × Snowflame. USPP 33,248; 13 July 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 169-202 g; uniform; globose; striped to dappled red blush over cream to greenish-yellow background; aromatic, sweetness and acidity balanced; texture fine; ripens 4-14 Aug. in Sanger, CA. Tree: vigorous; upright to spreading; flowers showy, self-fertile; leaf glands usually reniform, occasionally globose.

Wapeachone. Yellow-fleshed, nonmelting, late-season clingstone. Origin: Wawona Packing, Cutler, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and K.M. Roberts. J25.002 × O.P. USPP 32,431; 10 Nov. 2020. Fruit: large, 327 g; globose; orange-red blush covers 50-60% of medium yellow background; firm, juicy; sweetness and acidity balanced, 15-17 °Brix; ripens 12-19 Oct. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 650 h; leaf glands reniform.

White Delight Three. White-fleshed, clingstone. Origin: Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, by D.H. Byrne and N. Anderson. TXW1591-1 × Zao Hong Zhu; planted 1999. USPP abandoned. Fruit: medium; round with slight tip; 30-65% red blush over very pale yellow background; keeping and shipping quality good; firm; sweet, low-acid; ripens end of June near Fairfield, TX. Tree: size standard; vigorous; semi-spreading; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands reniform.

Zee Pch-1 (Octoberfest™). Yellow-fleshed, clingstone. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 366LH584 × O.P. USPP 32,236; 29 Sept. 2020. Fruit: large, 258.4 g; globose; attractive red blush over yellow background; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced; 13 °Brix; storage and shipping ability good; ripens 27 Aug. to 6 Sept. in Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers showy, self-fertile; chilling requirement moderate, 800 h; leaf glands reniform.

PEAR

Soon Li Teh and Kate Evans, Washington State University Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center, Wenatchee, WA

Chastity®. See NCPX2.

Olsen Bosc. Distinctive bronze-russetted European pear. Origin: D. Olsen, Zillah, WA. Bosc mutation; discovered 2000; propagated 2007. USPP 31,444; 18 Feb. 2020. Fruit: medium-large, length 10.2 cm, width 7.0 cm, ∼216 g; pyriform, less elongated than Golden Russet Bosc, slightly asymmetric; yellowish brown, 95-100 % russet; flesh color cream; flesh firmness 8.6 kg, texture crisp, fine-grained, medium to juicy; 16 °Brix; fresh, dessert market; storage excellent. Tree: highly vigorous, similar to Bosc; growth habit upright to spreading; height 3.6-5.5 m, spread 3.0 m; blooms late March to early April in Zillah; winter hardy, similar to Bosc; disease resistance similar to Bosc.

NCPX2 (Chastity®). Triploid, interspecific flowering pear for landscape with attractive fall foliage and reduced fertility. Origin: North Carolina State University, Raleigh, by T.G. Ranney. Pyrus calleryana H2002-031-010 (induced tetraploid) × P. Silver Ball (diploid hybrid); propagated 2010. USPP 30,788; 13 Aug. 2019. Fruit: small, diameter 1.3-2.5 cm, round to ovoid; gray orange to gray brown, no russet. Tree: growth habit upright pyramidal, height 8.0 m, width 6.0 m after 9 years; cold hardy USDA Zone 5b; highly tolerant to fire blight (Erwinia amylovora).

PECAN

Patrick J. Conner, Horticulture Dept., University of Georgia, Tifton, GA

Amling. Recommended to homeowners for its excellent pecan scab (Venturia effusa) resistance and good foliar health. Origin: Auburn University, Auburn, AL, by H. Amling. Seedling selection; DNA analysis indicates it is a likely offspring of Schley. Nut: ovate to oblong, base cuspidate, apex acuminate; oblong in cross section; 139 nuts/kg, 55% kernel; kernel golden; ripens 11 Oct. in Tifton, GA. Tree: bearing light; protandrous with early pollen shed and midseason receptivity; highly resistant to pecan scab; resistant to black pecan aphid (Melanocallis caryaefoliae); late-season foliar health excellent.

Avalon™. See Ga. 00-7-75.

Cunard. Extremely precocious and prolific plant producing early maturing nuts with high percent kernel. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Wichita × Pawnee; crossed 1989; selected 2002; tested as #70; introd. 2011. USPP 24,373; 8 Apr. 2014. Nut: obovate, base obtuse, apex cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; round in cross section; 106 nuts/kg, 62% kernel; ripens 27 Sept. in Albany, GA. Tree: extremely precocious and prolific; bud break early; protogynous with early receptivity and midseason pollen shed; susceptible to pecan scab.

Ga. 00-7-75 (Avalon™). Productive, regular-bearing plant with high resistance to pecan scab. Origin: University of Georgia, Tifton, by P. Conner. Gloria Grande × Caddo (erroneously listed as Gloria Grande × Barton in release); crossed 2000; selected 2009; tested as Ga. 00-7-75; introd. 2018. USPP 30,227; 26 Feb. 2019. Nut: oblong, apex acuminate, base acuminate; round in cross section; 104 nuts/kg, 54% kernel; dorsal groove medium narrow, basal cleft deep; kernel golden to cream; ripens 7-10 Oct. in Tifton. Tree: vigorous; bearing productive and regular; protogynous with early receptivity and mid to late pollen shed; highly resistant to scab; susceptible to black pecan aphid.

Huffman. Scab-resistant plant consistently producing large nuts with mammoth-sized kernels. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Desirable × Pawnee; crossed 1990; selected 2005; tested as #3; introd. 2013. USPP 25,465; 22 Jan. 2015. Nut: oblong, base round, apex obtuse and cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; round in cross section; 84 nuts/kg, 57% kernel; dorsal grooves wide; kernel golden to cream; ripens 6 Oct. in Albany, GA. Tree: fruit cluster count small, with acceptable production; protandrous with early pollen shed and mid receptivity; moderately resistant to scab; resistant to black pecan aphid.

Lipan. Medium-early maturing plant producing regular crops of high-quality nuts. Origin: USDA-ARS, College Station, TX, by T.E. Thompson and L.J. Grauke. Cheyenne × Pawnee; crossed 1986; selected 1996; tested as 1986-03-0624; introd. 2012. Nut: oblong, base obtuse, apex cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; oblate in cross section; 101 nuts/kg, 53% kernel; kernel cream to golden; ripens 4 Oct. in Brownwood, TX. Tree: bearing regular, protandrous with early pollen shed and midseason receptivity; moderately resistant to pecan scab.

Morrill. Large nuts with exceptionally high percentage kernel. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Wichita × Pawnee; crossed 1989; selected 2003; tested as #58; introd. 2011. USPP 23,335; 22 Jan. 2013. Nut: oblong, base obtuse, apex elongated cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; round in cross section; 115 nuts/kg, 66% kernel; dorsal grooves narrow; kernel golden to cream; ripens 2 Oct. in Albany, GA. Tree: moderately productive with low cluster count; protogynous with midseason receptivity and late pollen shed; susceptible to pecan scab; resistant to black pecan aphid.

Tanner. Early-maturing, productive, large-fruited plant resistant to pecan scab. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Desirable × Pawnee; crossed 1995; selected 2009; tested as #112; introd. 2018. USPP 29,422; 11 Jan. 2019. Nut: oblong, base obtuse, apex acute to acute asymmetric; round in cross section; 99 nuts/kg, 55% kernel; dorsal grooves wide; kernel golden to cream; ripens 20 Sept. in Albany, GA. Tree: vigorous; productive; protandrous with early to mid pollen shed and mid to late receptivity; resistant to scab; moderately resistant to black pecan aphid.

Tom. Early-maturing, productive plant producing small nuts of good quality suited for the confectionary trade. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Wichita × Pawnee; crossed 1995; selected 2006; tested as #121; introd. 2014. USPP 26,705; 11 May 2016. Nut: ovate, base round, apex cuspidate; round in cross section; 128 nuts/kg, 55% kernel; dorsal grooves wide and deep; kernel golden to cream; ripens early, 24 Sept. in Albany, GA. Tree: vigorous but of small stature; productive; protandrous with early to mid pollen shed and mid to late receptivity; resistant to black pecan aphid; resistant to pecan leaf scorch mite (Eotetranychus hicoriae).

Treadwell. Precocious and prolific plant producing early maturing nuts of excellent quality. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Wichita × Pawnee; crossed 1989; selected 2002; tested as #34; introd. 2013. USPP 25,740; 22 Jan. 2015. Nut: oblong, base obtuse, apex cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; round in cross section; 115 nuts/kg, 64% kernel; dorsal grooves narrow and shallow; kernel golden to cream; ripens 24 Sept. in Albany, GA. Tree: vigorous; fruit production precocious; protandrous with early to mid pollen shed and mid to late receptivity; highly resistant to nitrogen scorch; resistant to black pecan aphid.

Whiddon. Scab-resistant plant consistently producing large nuts with mammoth-sized kernels. Origin: University of Georgia, Athens, by D. Sparks. Desirable × Pawnee; crossed 1990; selected 2004; tested as #16; introd. 2016. USPP 29,316; 29 May 2018. Nut: oblong, base round, apex cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; round in cross section; 88 nuts/kg, 56% kernel; dorsal grooves narrow and deep; kernel golden to cream; ripens 9 Oct. in Albany, GA. Tree: productive, fruit cluster count small; protandrous with early to mid pollen shed and mid to late receptivity; resistant to scab; moderately resistant to black pecan aphid.

Zinner. Productive and regular-bearing plant producing high-quality nuts with exceptional light kernel color. Origin: Auburn University, Auburn, AL, by W. Goff; seedling selection made at Auburn from the orchard of S. Zinner in Baldwin County, AL, subsequently recommended by P. Conner, University of Georgia, Tifton; DNA analysis indicates it is a likely offspring of Stuart and Schley. Nut: oblong, base round, apex cuspidate to cuspidate asymmetric; oval in cross section; 106 nuts/kg, 56% kernel; kernel light cream color with excellent color stability; ripens 10 Oct. in Tifton. Tree: productive and regular bearing; protogynous with early to mid receptivity and mid to mid-late pollen shed; susceptible to pecan scab; susceptible to black pecan aphid.

PINEAPPLE

Garth M. Sanewski, Queensland Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries, Nambour, QLD, Australia

Okino P17. Disease-resistant plant producing fruit with high TSS. Origin: Okinawa Prefectural Agricultural Research Center, by M. Shoda, M. Takeuchi, I. Yonaha, K. Yonamine, C. Moromizato, K. Degi, Y. Awaguni, K. Kina, S. Sakiyama, and H. Ikemiya. Yugafu × Summer Gold. Japanese PBR 29925; 19 Jan. 2017. Fruit: size medium; oblong; skin yellow; fruitlets flat; flesh pale yellow; core large; TSS 19%; titratable citric acid equivalent acidity 0.6%. Plant: vigor moderate; slips 3; suckers 3; leaves green with weak anthocyanin; spines absent; resistant to fruitlet core rot (Fusarium ananatum).

Okino P19. Orange/yellow-skinned fruit with white flesh. Origin: Okinawa Prefectural Agricultural Research Center, by M. Takeuchi, M. Shoda, C. Moromizato, Y. Omine, I. Yonaha, Y. Awaguni, M. Nakamura, K. Degi, S. Takesue, and S. Sakiyama. Yugafu × Soft Touch. Japanese PBR 28709; 13 Dec. 2021. Fruit: skin orange/yellow; fruitlets flat; flesh white; core large. Plant: leaves green with some anthocyanin.

Pinkglow®. See Rosé.

Red Dragon. Red-skinned fruit with pale yellow flesh. Origin: DMPL Management Services, Singapore by R.B. Pimentel, A.T. Aquino, and D.D. Gamutan. Morada × MD-2. Japanese PBR 28708; 13 Dec. 2021. Fruit: small; slightly conical; skin red/purple; fruitlets flat, midsize; flesh pale yellow, firm; core large; TSS medium; titratable citric acid equivalent low. Plant: growth habit semi-upright; leaf edge spiny; leaves high in anthocyanin; slips absent.

Red Gold. Dark red–skinned fruit with pale yellow to yellow flesh. Origin: DMPL Management Services, Singapore, by R.B. Pimentel, A.T. Aquino, and D.D. Gamutan. Morada × MD-2. Japanese PBR 28707; 13 Dec. 2021. Fruit: small; slightly conical; skin red/purple; fruitlets flat, midsize; flesh pale yellow to yellow; TSS medium, flesh firm. Plant: growth habit semi-upright; leaf edge spiny; leaves very high in anthocyanin, slips absent or few.

Rosé (Pinkglow®). MD-2 genetically modified to have pink flesh and striped, red skin color from suppression of carotenoids and expression of lycopene; suppression of autonomous flowering through suppression of ethylene. Origin: genetic engineering at Del Monte Fresh Produce laboratory, Richmond, CA, by T.R. Young and E. Firoozabady; US patent 7,663,021; 16 Feb. 2010. Event name EF2-114; event code FDP-00114-5; reviewed by U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2016. Selection: field selection at Del Monte Fresh Produce, Pindeco Plantation, Costa Rica, by E. Firoozabady and T.R. Young. USPP 25,763: 4 Aug. 2015. Method of trait development: Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated plant transformation; introduction of a phytoene synthase from Citrus unshiu; RNAi suppression of lycopene β-cyclase and lycopene ε-cyclase; RNAi suppression of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase. Fruit: size medium, 1.5 kg with crown; cylindrical; skin develops yellow, orange and red striping in shoulders at maturity; flesh light red with yellow spots; TSS 13.8%; titratable citric acid equivalent acidity 0.6%; vitamin C 40 mg/100 ml. Plant: growth habit medium; leaf edge smooth with spines at tip; leaf color green.

Sensuous. Small, yellow/orange-skinned fruit with pale yellow flesh. Origin: Dole Asia Holdings, by J.C. Acosta. Japanese PBR 24306; 20 May 2015. Fruit: small; cylindrical; skin yellow/orange; flesh pale yellow; core medium; TSS high; titratable citric acid equivalent medium; ripens midseason. Plant: size medium; leaves green with anthocyanin mid-lamina.

View of Sunset. Dark green-skinned fruit, low to medium in acidity. Origin: by C.H. Ng. Malaysian PBR 0111; 23 Aug. 2016. Fruit: small, 1.06 kg; cylindrical; skin dark green at maturity; flesh pale yellow; texture fibrous; core small to medium; TSS 15%; titratable citric acid equivalent low to medium. Plant: growth habit upright; leaf pale green with weak anthocyanin along margins; spines present, purple/pink; peduncle long, slips few.

Vintage Ruby. Bright reddish/purple-skinned fruit. Origin: Del Monte International, Buenos Aires, Puntarenas, Costa Rica, by M. Jimenez, G. Matarrita, F. Vargas, and H. Sauter. MD-2 × F1 (MD-2 × Morada); crossed 2008; selected 2019; tested as C83-5-4. USPP 33,544; 12 Oct. 2021. Fruit: size medium-large, 2.5 kg with crown; cylindrical to slightly conical; skin red/purple; fruitlets flat, midsize; flesh light yellow to yellow; core large; TSS 13.8%; titratable citric acid equivalent acidity 0.6%; vitamin C 49 mg/100 ml. Plant: vigorous; growth habit semi-upright; height 52 cm; leaf edge smooth with occasional spiny tip; leaf color purple to dark purple; peduncle long; slips absent.

PISTACHIO

Dan E. Parfitt (emeritus), Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA

Famoso. Mid-spring flowering male P. vera for use as a pollenizer for Kerman. Origin: University of California, Davis, by C.E. Kallsen, D.E. Parfitt, and J. Maranto. 2-35 × ES#4; introd. 2015. USPP 28,994; 27 Feb. 2018. Flowers: male; multiple inflorescences borne laterally on 1-year-old branches; panicles 2-5 cm long; similar to Peters or Randy males; blooms 0-7 d before Peters but after Randy male. Tree: similar to other male cultivars; provides better flowering synchrony for Kerman female than the standard pollenizer, Peters.

Gumdrop. Early flowering and maturing female P. vera. Origin: University of California, Davis, by C.E. Kallsen and D.E. Parfitt. B15-69 O.P.; selected as S-43; introd. 2015. USPP 28,953; 13 Feb. 2018. Nuts: large; split percentage very good; borne in large panicles, husks can be “gummy” in some years; matures over relatively short period, 10-12 d before Golden Hills. Tree: large; irregular crown and large, stiff secondary branches suitable for nut shaking at harvest; blooms 5 d before Golden Hills, and 10-11 d before Kerman; can be used to spread out harvest season; yield high; may require less chilling and perform better in low-chill years.

Tejon. Very early flowering male P. vera for use as a pollenizer for Gumdrop female pistachio. Origin: University of California, Davis, by C.E. Kallsen and D.E. Parfitt. B4-19 O.P. B4-19 is an early flowering open-pollinated female from the UCD breeding program; introd. 2015. USPP 28,931; 6 Feb. 2018. Flowers: similar to Peters or Randy males; number of flowers large; pollen abundant, durable, with a high germination ratio. Tree: earliest flowering commercial male in California, flowers 5 d before Randy.

PISTACHIO ROOTSTOCK

Dan E. Parfitt (emeritus), Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA

Arota. P. hybrid rootstock for P. vera scions. Origin: Nazari Business Group, Iran, by M. Akbari, H. Hokmabadi, M. Heydari, and A. Ghorbani. P. atlantica × P. integerrima. Tree: leaves intermediate; roots growth habit similar to P. vera; 7% of seedlings are more vigorous than on UCB1; good graft compatibility, similar to UCB1.

P.N.B.1. P. hybrid rootstock for P. vera scions, easier to produce in micropropagation, grows faster under lower temperatures in greenhouse. Origin: McFarland, CA., by B. Blackwell. P. atlantica O.P. × unknown P. integerrima pollen. USPP 27,079; 23 Aug. 2016. Tree: produces 1-2% higher yield as a rootstock for grafted P. vera; grows more vigorously in field; similar to PN 15-4, USPP 14,132; suckers more than some other rootstock selections; sex not determined at time of plant patent.

PITAHAYA

Ricardo Goenaga, USDA-ARS, Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, PR

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

DF 14. Hylocereus undatus with dark to red skin and white flesh. Origin: Southern Horticultural Research Institute, Long Dinh, Vietnam, by T.O.Y. Tran, Nhat T. Nguyen, Ngoc T. Nguyen, and V.C. Huynh; New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Havelock North, New Zealand, by S. Kumar. RF × LD5, crossed 2013 in Tien Giang; selected 2016. USPP 33,153; 15 June 2021. Fruit: midsize, length medium, 98 mm; width medium, 65 mm; 255 g; number of bracts few, 18; length of apical bracts medium, 44 mm; main color of middle bracts near light green (RHS 144A); skin dark pink to red; skin thickness average, 2 mm; flesh near white (RHS NN155D), with a pink strip under skin; sweetness medium, 16.7 ºBrix; seed size small to medium; flavor excellent; ripens mid-May to end November in Long Dinh. Plant: drooping; vigor strong; areoles: number of spines on intact mature stems medium, ∼3; spine length medium, 4 mm; tolerant to canker (Neoscytalidium dimidiatum).

DF 16. Hylocereus undatus with pink skin and light pink flesh. Origin: Southern Horticultural Research Institute, Long Dinh, Vietnam, by T.O.Y. Tran, Nhat T. Nguyen, Ngoc T. Nguyen, and V.C. Huynh; New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Havelock North, New Zealand, by S. Kumar. RF × LD1, crossed 2013 in Tien Giang; selected 2016. USPP 33,176; 22 June 2021. Fruit: midsize, length medium, 94 mm; width narrow to medium, 62 mm; 290 g; number of bracts medium, 23; length of apical bracts short, 35 mm; main color of middle bracts near red (RHS 53D); skin dark pink to red; skin thick, 2 mm; flesh near light pink (RHS 55C); sweetness high, 19 ºBrix; seed size small to medium; flavor excellent; ripens mid-May to end November in Long Dinh. Plant: drooping; vigor strong; areoles: number of spines on intact mature stems medium to many, ∼4; spine length long, 5 mm; tolerant to canker.

N97-17. Hylocereus undatus with red skin and white flesh. Origin: selection made by C.Y. Yen, donated to the USDA-ARS Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research Unit, Hilo, HI; evaluated for 5 years under intensive management at USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, PR. Fruit: length 76.7 mm, diameter 62.1 cm, 170 g; round; skin red, intermediate in thickness, with numerous bracts; flesh very firm, white, 12.2 ºBrix; quality acceptable; ripens June to November; 5-year yield average: 16,142 kg/ha, 79,404 fruits/ha; grows well in full sun; commercial potential good.

NOI-13. Hylocereus undatus with red skin and red flesh. Origin: selection made by C.Y. Yen, donated to the USDA-ARS Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research Unit, Hilo, HI; evaluated for 5 years under intensive management at USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, PR. Fruit: 309.4 g; round; quality good; skin red, intermediate in thickness, with numerous bracts; flesh very firm, red, 12.4 ºBrix; ripens June to November; 5-year yield average 17,057 kg/ha, 43,786 fruits/ha; grows well in full sun; commercial potential good.

NOI-14. Hylocereus undatus with red skin and red flesh. Origin: selection made by C.Y. Yen, donated to the USDA-ARS Tropical Plant Genetic Resources and Disease Research Unit, Hilo, HI; evaluated for 5 years under intensive management at USDA-ARS Tropical Agriculture Research Station, Mayaguez, PR. Fruit: 215 g; round; skin red, intermediate in thickness, with numerous bracts; flesh very firm, red, 13.2 ºBrix; quality good; ripens June to November; 5-year yield average 15,160 kg/ha, 63,556 fruits/ha; grows well in full sun; commercial potential good.

PLUM AND INTERSPECIFIC HYBRIDS

John Mark Lawton and Ksenija Gasic, Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC

Plum

Blackred VII. Red-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. 19P442 O.P. USPP 31,959; 14 July 2020. Fruit: medium, 161.6 g; very oblate; skin black; flesh mostly red, firm, juicy; flavor balances sweetness and acidity; 16-17 °Brix; ripens 1-20 Aug. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium to large; vigorous; hardy; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands small, globose.

C5. See HoneySweet.

HoneySweet (C5). Genetically engineered, Plum pox virus-resistant, yellow-fleshed, semi-freestone European plum. Origin: USDA-ARS Appalachian Fruit Research Station, Kearneysville, WV, by R. Scorza, M. Ravelonandro, A. Callahan, I. Zagrai, J. Polak, T. Malinowski, M. Cambra, L. Levy, V. Damsteegt, B, Krška, J. Cordts, D. Gonsalves, and C. Dardick. Bluebyrd O.P. Event name C5; event code ARS-PLMC5-6; deregulated by U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service in 2007; reviewed by U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2009; registered by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 2011. Method of trait development: Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated plant transformation; introduction of ppv_cp gene, coat protein of plum pox virus (PPV), conferring resistance to PPV through pathogen-derived resistance mechanism. Fruit: medium to large, 48-60 g; deep purple with waxy overcoat; firm; flavor balance pleasing, 14-17 °Brix; ripens early to mid-August in Kearneysville. Tree: upright; flowers self-incompatible; highly resistant to black knot disease (Apiosporina morbosa); resistant to all major strains of PPV.

Kalipso. Yellow-fleshed, freestone European plum. Origin: Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland, by T. Jakubowski, and E. Zurawicz. Opal × Čačanska Lepotica, crossed 1994; selected 2000. Polish PBR S170; 26 Jan. 2009. Fruit: medium, 30-40 g; oval; skin dark blue; 14.4 °Brix; holds on tree when ripe without dropping; ripens 27 July in Dąbrowice, Poland. Tree: vigor moderate; productive; flowers self-incompatible; susceptibility to PPV low; tolerant to light spring freezes.

Lucía Myrtea. Red-fleshed, semi-clingstone Asian plum. Origin: Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas; Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, Spain, by A. Guevara, M. Nicolás-Almansa, J. Enrique Cos, J.A. Salazar, D. López, J. Egea, A. Carrillo, M. Rubio, F. García, and D. Ruiz. Black Splendor O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 74.5 g; round; skin dark purple; firm; flavor excellent; 15.5 °Brix; keeping and postharvest quality good; ripens 1-10 June in Calasparra, Murcia, Spain. Tree: vigorous; growth habit medium-upright; flowers self-incompatible; chilling requirement low, 25 chill portions; leaf glands present.

Plumcandy XV. Red-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. September Yummy × unknown. USPP 31,191; 10 Dec. 2019. Fruit: medium, 139 g; heart shaped; uniform; skin nearly full red; firm, juicy; flavor excellent, very sweet, 21 °Brix; shipping and keeping quality excellent; ripens 13-30 Sept. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; spreading; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Plumcandy XVI. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Black Majesty O.P. USPP 32,015; 28 July 2020. Fruit: large, 213 g; round; uniform; skin very dark red; firm; juicy; flavor outstanding, 24 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality excellent; ripens 20 Sept. to 15 Oct. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; spreading; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Suplum59. Late ripening, yellow-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon and T.J. Frett. PL968RB O.P. USPP 33,720; 7 Dec. 2021. Fruit: very large, 150 g; round; symmetric; skin reddish-black; firm; juicy; flavor mildly sweet, 22 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 5-15 Sept. in Kern County, CA. Tree: medium; upright; vigor moderate; productive; blooms very late; flowers light green, showy, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, ∼700 h; leaf glands globose.

Suplum60. Fresh market, late ripening, red-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon and T.J. Frett. 97P040-010-244 O.P. USPP 33,837; 11 Jan. 2022. Fruit: very large, 176 g; round; skin black; firm; texture crisp-juicy; flavor mildly sweet, acidity medium, 28 ºBrix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 8 Sept. in Kern County, CA. Tree: medium; spreading; vigor moderate; very productive; blooms late; flowers showy, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands globose.

Suplumfiftyeight. Red-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon. PL660RB × PL729RB. USPP 33,247; 13 July 2021. Fruit: large, 132 g; skin black; firm; flavor mildly sweet, 18 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 7-16 June in Kern County, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; semi-upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement low, 350 h; leaf glands globose.

Suplumfiftyfive. Red-fleshed, semi-freestone Asian plum. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon. PL671RB × Suplumfortyone. USPP 31,079; 19 Nov. 2019. Fruit: large, 128 g; skin black; firm; flavor sweet-mild, mildly tart, 17 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 10-20 June in Kern County, CA. Tree: medium; vigor moderate; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement low, 300 h; leaf glands globose.

Suplumfiftyseven. Red-fleshed, clingstone Asian plum. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon. Suplumfortyseven × unknown. USPP 31,849; 9 June 2020. Fruit: large, 140 g; skin black; flesh dark red; firm; flavor mildly sweet, 16 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 15-23 June in Kern County, CA. Tree: medium; semi-upright; vigor moderate; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 550 h; leaf glands globose, mostly eglandular.

Suplumfiftysix. Red-fleshed, semi-freestone Asian plum. Origin: Sun World International, Bakersfield, CA, by T.A. Bacon. Suplumtwentynine O.P. USPP 31,078; 19 Nov. 2019. Fruit: large, 160 g; round; skin reddish-black; firm; flavor sweet-mild; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 7-28 Sept. in Kern County, CA. Tree: medium; upright; vigor moderate; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands globose.

Sweet Pekeetah. Yellow-fleshed, freestone Asian plum. Origin: Santiago, Chile, by R.A. Infante Espineira. 213-UR-056 × 178-R-01. USPP 31,404; 28 Jan. 2020. Fruit: large, 150 g; skin purple; flesh yellowish-green; crunchy; flavor good; 20-22 °Brix; keeping quality excellent; ripens very late, 3 weeks after Angeleno in Rinconada de Maipú, Metropolitan Region, Chile. Tree: medium; vigor weak to moderate; semi-erect; productive; blooms late; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 550-600 h; leaf glands present.

Victoria Myrtea. Red-fleshed, freestone Asian plum. Origin: Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas; Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, Spain, by A. Guevara, M. Nicolás-Almansa, J. Enrique Cos, J.A. Salazar, D. López, J. Egea, A. Carrillo, M. Rubio, F. García, and D. Ruiz. Black Splendor O.P. CPVO PBR applied for. Fruit: large, 87.6 g; slightly flattened; skin dark purple; firm; flavor excellent, 16.5 °Brix; keeping and postharvest quality good; ripens 10-20 June in Calasparra, Murcia, Spain. Tree: vigorous; upright to spreading; flowers self-fertile; chilling requirement low, 25 chill portions; leaf glands present.

Waplumone. Red-fleshed, non-melting, freestone Asian plum. Origin: Wawona Packing, Cutler, CA, by J.K. Slaughter and K.M. Roberts. Wickson O.P. USPP 33,445; 7 Sept. 2021. Fruit: medium, 165 g; oblate; skin 25-45% dull red blush over mottled green background color; flesh pinkish white to deep red; firm; flavor excellent, balancing sweetness and acidity, 22-27 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 2-12 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium; vigor moderate; upright to slightly spreading; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 500 h; leaf glands globose.

Zhongli No. 3. Yellow-fleshed, semi-clingstone Asian plum. Origin: Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou, Henan, China, by Z. Huang, F. Shen, L. Xia, L. Chen, Z. Cui, and Y. Chen. Fali O.P.; crossed 2005; introd. 2019. Fruit: large, 98.2 ± 6.3 g; oval; bright red blush over greenish-yellow background color; sour-sweet, aroma strong; 16.4 °Brix; keeping quality good; ripens 20-30 July in Zhengzhou. Tree: vigorous; growth habit semicircular open; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 450-500 h; leaf glands globose.

Interspecific

Amigo III. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 276LF278 × 66Z68. USPP 27,294; 25 Oct. 2015. Fruit: large, 161.9 g; globose; exposed yellow ground color gives speckled appearance on red blush; firm; can hold firm on tree for up to 3 weeks; flavor very good, sweetness and acidity balanced, 17.6 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 11-21 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 650 h; leaf glands globose.

Autumn Bill. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 138LM256 × 5HD617. USPP 28,399; 19 Sept. 2017. Fruit: large, 150.5 g; firm; skin dark red; flavor very good, sweetness and acidity balanced; 18 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 15-25 Oct. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 900 h; leaf glands globose.

Autumn Charm. Yellow-fleshed, freestone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 51ME458 O.P. USPP 27,825; 4 April 2017. Fruit: large, 198.8 g; elongated; skin red; firm; flavor very good, sweetness and acidity balanced, 16 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 7-17 Oct. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 900 h; leaf glands globose.

Autumn Fritz. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 19HD447 × 31M208. USPP 27,065; 16 Aug. 2016. Fruit: medium to large, 159 g; globose; skin attractive red; firm; flavor good, sweetness and acidity balanced; 19 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 20-28 Oct. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 1000 h; leaf glands globose.

Autumn Magic. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 28MF660 × O.P. USPP 27,543; 17 Jan. 2017. Fruit: medium, 150.5 g; globose; skin dark red; firm; flavor good, balanced, 21 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 2-11 Oct. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 750 h; leaf glands globose.

Blackred X. Red-fleshed, semi-freestone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by J.M. Quisenberry and L.G. Bradford. Blackred V O.P. USPP 33,354; 17 Aug. 2021. Fruit: medium-large, 173 g; globose; uniform; skin dark purplish red; firm; good blend of acids and sugars, 19 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 29 June to 15 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: small to medium; vigor moderate; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Candy Heart Pluerry™. See Sweet Pixie 5.

Dapple Delight. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 6ZB206 × 10HD820. USPP 28,368; 12 Sept. 2017. Fruit: medium to large, 173.2 g; globose; skin mottled red; firm; flavor very good, balanced, 16.4 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 7-17 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 600 h; leaf glands globose.

Ebony Punch. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 29MF690A × 69ZN32. USPP 31,823; 2 June 2020. Fruit: medium, 116.4 g; globose; skin dark red; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 13 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 25 May to 4 June near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement low, 400 h; leaf glands globose.

Emerald Blush. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 53LG662 × 46GK97. USPP 27,293; 25 Oct. 2016. Fruit: small to medium, 102.2 g; globose; skin attractive green/yellow; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 18.3 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 16-26 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement low, 400 h; leaf glands globose.

Flavor Baby. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 22M650 × Coparose. USPP 28,219; 25 July 2017. Fruit: medium, 119.3 g; globose; skin speckled red; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 16 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 1-10 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 600 h; leaf glands globose.

Flavor Punch. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum, marketed as a Pluerry™. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. Sweet Pixzee 2 × 46MB665; complex pedigree includes, plum, cherry, and peach. USPP 27,030; 9 Aug. 2016. Fruit: small to medium, 102.2 g; globose; skin dark red; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 22.5 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 16-26 Aug. near Modesto, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 1000 h; leaf glands globose.

Flavorzee-290. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 67ZN168 × 37ZP705. USPP 32,703; 29 Dec. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 162.7 g; globose; skin purple; firm; balanced sweetness and acidity, 20 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 4-14 Aug. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands globose.

Flavorzee-517. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 165BA516 × 19MF482. USPP 32,851; 2 Mar. 2021. Fruit: medium, 113.6 g; globose; skin dark red; firm; sweetness and acidity balanced, 15.3 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 20-30 May near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement low, 400 h; leaf glands globose.

Kings Kat. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. Flavorosa × 63Z241. USPP 27,824; 4 Apr. 2017. Fruit: medium; globose; skin red; firm; low-acid; sweet, 14.2 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 16-26 June near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands globose.

Plumred IV. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Plumsweet VI O.P. USPP 33,155; 15 June 2021. Fruit: medium, 164 g; uniform; oblate; skin dark purplish red; tasty blend of acid and sugar, 18 °Brix; good keeping and shipping quality; ripens 8-20 June in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Plumred V. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. 39P1184 × unknown. USPP 33,353; 17 Aug. 2021. Fruit: medium, 145 g; firm; uniform; globose; skin deep purplish red over a dark red background with heavy but fine yellowish-brown freckling throughout; flavor tasty blend of acid and sugar; ripens 10-20 June in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Plumred XI. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Parentage unknown. USPP 27,066; 16 Aug. 2016. Fruit: medium, 156 g; firm; globose to oblate; skin mostly red with moderate freckling; flavor mildly acidic, sweet, 19 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 24 July to 3 Aug. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium; vigor medium to weak; growth habit spreading and drooping; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Plumred XIII. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Plumsweet IV O.P. USPP 33,307; 3 Aug. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 190 g; firm; globose to oblate; skin dark red with fine freckling throughout; flavor tasty blend of acids and sugars, 21 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 10-30 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: medium; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Plumred XIV. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Plumred X O.P. USPP 33,139; 8 June 2021. Fruit: large, 215 g; globose to oblate; uniform; skin deep purplish red; firm; flavor tasty blend of acids and sugars, 18-22 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 5-23 Aug. in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Plumsweet XXII. Red-fleshed, freestone interspecific plum. Origin: B Q Genetics, Le Grand, CA, by L.G. Bradford and J.M. Quisenberry. Yellowsweet II O.P. USPP 32,189; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: medium, 148 g; uniform; globose to cordate; firm; skin two-toned, red and green; flavor sweet-tart, 24 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 26 June to 10 July in San Joaquin Valley, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; leaf glands globose.

Sangria Red. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. Bella Jewel × 76MA153. USPP 32,878; 9 Mar. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 107.9 g; globose; skin reddish purple; firm; flavor good, 12 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 30 May to 9 June near Modesto, CA. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 650 h; leaf glands globose.

Sangria Red-2. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. Bella Jewel × 76MA153. USPP 33,444; 7 Sept. 2021. Fruit: medium, 110.7 g; globose; skin reddish purple; firm; flavor good, 13 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 28 May to 7 June near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 650 h; leaf glands reniform.

Sherri’s Flavor. Yellow-fleshed, freestone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 63EG291 O.P. USPP 29,882; 27 Nov. 2018. Fruit: large, 161.9 g; firm; globose; skin dark purple; flavor very good, balanced, 17.5 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 30 June to 10 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 800 h; leaf glands globose.

Sunset Plapple. White-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 20M57 × 54ZD402. USPP 29,881; 27 Nov. 2018. Fruit: medium to large, 168 g; globose; skin mottled red; firm; flavor very good, balanced, 22 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 11-21 Sept. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 650 h; leaf glands globose.

Sweet Kashel. Red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, G.G. Zaiger. 74LW472 O.P. USPP 30,010; 28 Dec. 2018. Fruit: large, 139.2 g; globose; skin speckled red; firm; flavor very good, balanced, 16 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 25 June to 5 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 700 h; leaf glands globose.

Sweet Pixie 3. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. Sweet Pixie O.P.; pedigree is [(plum × cherry) × cherry]. USPP 27,165; 20 Sept. 2016. Fruit: small to medium, 51.1 g; globose; skin attractive red; firm; flavor very good, balanced, 17.6 °Brix; shipping and keeping quality good; ripens 13-23 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 900 h; leaf glands globose.

Sweet Pixie 5 (Candy Heart Pluerry™). Semi-red-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 301LP509 × 1A77; complex pedigree includes plum, cherry, and apricot. USPP 28,308; 22 Aug. 2017. Fruit: medium, 82.4 g; slightly elongated; skin attractive red; firm; flavor very good, balanced, 23.1 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 12-22 Aug. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement moderate, 750 h; leaf glands globose.

Zoey Kat. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 53ZB678 × 305LN566. USPP 26,953; 19 July 2016. Fruit: large, 156.2 g; globose; skin reddish blue; firm; flavor good, balanced, 17 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 4-14 Aug. near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 800 h; leaf glands globose.

Zweet Bettzee. Yellow-fleshed, clingstone interspecific plum. Origin: Zaiger’s Genetics, Modesto, CA, by G.N. Zaiger, L.M. Gardner, and G.G. Zaiger. 67MD537 × 74MF200. USPP 28,136; 27 June 2017. Fruit: large, 142 g; globose; skin attractive dark red; firm; flavor excellent, balanced, 20.2 °Brix; keeping and shipping quality good; ripens 22 June to 2 July near Modesto. Tree: large; vigorous; upright; productive; flowers white, self-incompatible; chilling requirement high, 800 h; leaf glands globose.

RASPBERRY

Michael Dossett, BC Berry Cultivar Development, Abbotsford, BC

BC92915 (Squamish). Early-season floricane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh and processing. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Agassiz Research and Development Centre, Agassiz, BC, Canada, by H.A. Daubney and C. Kempler. Malahat × BC 86-41-15; crossed 1992; selected 1995; tested as BC 92-9-15; introd. 2014. Canadian PBR 4978; 12 Jan. 2015. USPP 28,444; 26 Sep. 2017. Fruit: large, long; medium-dark red; flavor aromatic and slightly sweet; easily removed from receptacle; good cohesion; recommended for machine harvesting for processing or fresh use; ripens early, a few days after Malahat. Plant: vigorous; resistant to North American aphid (Amphorophora agathonica) vector of raspberry mosaic virus complex; susceptible to Raspberry bushy dwarf virus (RBDV); moderately field tolerant to root rot (Phytophthora rubi).

Bountiful. Late-season primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. Elegance × PS-3636; selected 2009; introd. 2014. USPP 27,582; 24 Jan. 2017. Fruit: midsize; conical; light red; moderately glossy; releases easily from receptacle. Plant: canes semi-upright; moderately resistant to yellow rust (Phragmidium rubi-idaei); moderately susceptible to powdery mildew (Podosphaera aphanis var. aphanis).

Crimson Treasure. Mid-late season primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Cornell University, Geneva NY, by C.A. Weber. NY02-57 × Rafzaqu; selected 2012; tested as NY12-30; introd. 2018. USPP 32,799; 9 Feb. 2021. Fruit: medium-large; longer than broad; bright red with fine drupelets; firm; flavor acidic; begins ripening with Heritage and continues over 10-week period. Plant: canes sturdy, upright, medium-height; extensive branching and high number of fruiting laterals; primocane and floricane crops have similar yield and fruit size.

DrisRaspEighteen (Reyna™). Midseason primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by L. Gutierrez, K. Rak, L.M. Rodriguez, J. Heilig, and M.D. Vitten. DrisRasp12 × DrisRasp13; selected 2015, introd. 2020. USPP 33,723; 7 Dec. 2021. Fruit: midsize; conical; medium purplish-red; glossy; firm; separate easily from receptacle. Plant: growth habit semi-upright; spines sparse.

DrisRaspTen (Sunrise™). Early-season primocane-fruiting raspberry with multicolored blush fruit for fresh market. Origin: Driscoll’s, Watsonville, CA, by B.K. Hamilton, C.D. Fear, and M.D. Vitten. Driscoll Estrella × Driscoll Maravilla; selected 2011; introd. 2016. USPP 28,775; 19 Dec. 2019. Fruit: large; firm; multicolored, blushed with orange-red at the base of the style and yellow further away from the style, accentuated by exposure to sun. Plant: vigorous; canes semi-upright; produces few primocanes.

Endurance. Late-season primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. Grandeur × 04.3891; selected 2010; tested as PS-08.056-18; introd. 2019. USPP 33,735; 14 Dec. 2021. Fruit: medium-large; uniform; conical; medium-red, with moderate gloss; separates from receptacle very easily; flavor fair. Plant: vigorous; semi-upright; spines moderately dense, dark purple; moderately resistant to yellow rust and powdery mildew.

Gleam. Early-season primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. PS-1852 × Radiance; selected 2007; introd. 2014. USPP 27,586; 24 Jan. 2017. Fruit: medium-large; conical; light-medium red; flavor very good; releases easily from receptacle. Plant: growth habit upright; spines moderately dense; moderately resistant to yellow rust; moderately susceptible to powdery mildew.

Imagine. Early midseason primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. 04.3942 × Grandeur; selected 2010; introd. 2018. USPP 30,817; 20 Aug. 2019. Fruit: medium-large; shape blunt conic; medium-dark red; drupelets large; release from receptacle somewhat difficult; ripens early midseason. Plant: canes upright, with strong waxy coating; spines dense, purple; moderately resistant to yellow rust and powdery mildew.

Intrepid. Primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams and S.M. Ackerman. PS-1049 × PS-1764; selected 2004; introd. 2014. USPP 27,504; 27 Dec. 2016. Fruit: small-medium; uniform; conical; light red; high gloss; releases easily from receptacle; flavor poor. Plant: canes upright; moderately waxy; spines sparse, pigmentation absent; moderately resistant to yellow rust; moderately susceptible to powdery mildew.

Julieta. See PBBRasp1348.

Majestic. Midseason primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. Grandeur × 04.3891; selected 2012; introd. 2017. USPP 31,716; 5 May 2020. Fruit: midsize; uniform; glossy; medium red; releases easily from receptacle. Plant: vigorous; produces many canes; spines moderately dense, dark purple; moderately resistant to yellow rust.

NN08002 (Wake®Haven). Early-midseason floricane-fruiting red raspberry for processing. Origin: Pacific Berries, Lynden, WA, by M.J. Stephens. Wakefield × NR14; crossed 2006; selected 2008; introd. 2016. USPP 28,934; 6 Feb. 2018. Fruit: medium-large; conical; medium-light red; very firm; flavor good, slightly acidic; easily removed from receptacle; recommended for machine harvesting for processing; ripens ∼1 week before Meeker, over extended season. Plant: vigorous; primocanes upright; laterals long, sagging; may carry resistance to Raspberry bushy dwarf virus (RBDV); field tolerance to root rot moderate.

Nobility. Early-season primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. 04.3721 × Radiance; selected 2011; tested as PS-09.082-06 and PS-8206; introd. 2018. USPP 32,269; 6 Oct. 2020. Fruit: midsize; conical; medium red; glossy; flavor very good; releases easily from receptacle. Plant: growth habit upright; internodes short; spines long, medium dense.

Ovation. Midseason primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. PS-3721 × Grandeur; selected 2010; introd. 2014. USPP 27,585; 24 Jan. 2017. Fruit: midsize; conical; color medium red; gloss moderate; flavor excellent; separates easily from receptacle. Plant: canes vigorous, upright; spines sparse; produces many primocanes; moderately resistant to yellow rust; moderately susceptible to powdery mildew.

Pacific Centennial. See PBBRasp1381.

Pacific Gema. Midseason low/no chill primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Pacific Berry Breeding, Salinas, CA, by E. Thompson and J.R. Clark. Pacific Deluxe × 414a; selected 2010; introd. 2015. USPP 28,080; 6 Jun. 2017. Fruit: medium-large; conical; firmness moderate; color medium-dark red; gloss high; flavor sweet, aromatic. Plant: vigorous, thorny, high number of flowers per inflorescence; less susceptible to RBDV than Pacific Deluxe.

Pacific Starlet. Mid-late-season, low chill primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Pacific Berry Breeding, Salinas, CA, by E. Thompson. Chance seedling, parentage unknown; selected 2010; introd. 2015. USPP 28,046; 23 May 2017. Fruit: large; very firm; gloss high; light red, non-darkening; flavor less acid than Pacific Deluxe. Plant: susceptible to yellow rust; moderately tolerant to root rot.

PBBRasp1348 (Julieta). Early-season low/no chill primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Pacific Berry Breeding, Salinas, CA, by E. Thompson. Pacific Gema × E10-22; selected 2013; introd. 2017. USPP 29,368; 6 Dec. 2018. Fruit: large; broad conical; moderately firm; light red, non-darkening; glossy; ripens early. Plant: very vigorous; produces many suckers; canes heavily branched; susceptible to yellow rust; moderately tolerant to root rot.

PBBRasp1381 (Pacific Centennial). Mid-late season low/no chill primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Pacific Berry Breeding, Salinas, CA, by E. Thompson. Pacific Gema × Pacific Starlet; selected 2013; introd. 2017. SPP 29,369; 6 Dec. 2018. Fruit: very large; very firm; light-medium red; detaches easily from receptacle. Plant: very vigorous; producing many suckers; field tolerance to yellow rust good; moderately tolerant to root rot.

Reyna™. See DrisRaspEighteen.

Squamish. See BC92915.

Sunshine™. See DrisRaspTen.

Vision. Early midseason primocane-fruiting red raspberry for fresh market. Origin: Plant Sciences, Watsonville, CA, by S.W. Adams. Grandeur × 04.3814; selected 2011; introd. 2018. USPP 31,505; 3 Mar. 2020. Fruit: medium-large; broad conical; color light red; gloss low; flavor fair; releases easily from receptacle. Plant: canes upright; spines moderately dense, purple; foliage glossy; moderately resistant to powdery mildew.

Wake®Haven. See NN08002.

RED BAYBERRY (Myrica rubra Sieb. et Zucc., Chinese bayberry, yangmei)

Yunfei Chen, Calmei, Fremont, CA

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

Biqi (荸荠). High-yielding tree with good adaptability. Origin: Cixi, Zhejiang, China; introd. to California 2013. Fruit: midsize, 9 g; spherical; skin deep purple to almost jet black; flavor sweet-tart, 12-15 °Brix in California; seed small; ripens June in central California; storage and transportation resistance medium. Tree: vigor strong; semi-upright; leaves oblanceolate, often round at tip; flower dioecious, pollinated by wind; yield high; USDA Zone 9, potentially tolerating Zone 8.

Dongkui (东魁). Moderately vigorous tree producing large, late-ripening fruit. Origin: Taizhou, Zhejiang, China; introd. to California 2013. Fruit: large, 20-25 g, with some fruits exceeding 30 g; shape slightly squarish; skin deep red to purple; flavor sweet-tart; 13-15 °Brix in California; seed large; ripens June to July in central California; storage and transportation resistance medium. Tree: vigor medium; spreading; leaves broadly oblanceolate, large, usually pointed at tip; flower dioecious, efficient pollination by wind; yield medium-high; USDA Zone 9, potentially tolerating Zone 8.

Fenhong (粉红). Vigorous tree producing light-colored fruits. Origin: Zhejiang, China; introd. to California 2013. Fruit: midsize, 10 g; spherical; cream with pink to red hues at harvest, deep red when fully ripe; flavor tart and resinous when harvested, sweet when fully ripe, 12 °Brix in California; seed medium; ripens late June in central California. Tree: vigor strong; semi-upright; leaves narrow oblanceolate, often pointed at tip; flower dioecious, pollinated by wind; yield high; fruit drop heavy before full ripeness, requiring harvest at less ripe stage; USDA Zone 9, potentially tolerating Zone 8.

Francine. Vigorous tree producing large, late-ripening fruit. Origin: Fremont, CA, by Y.F. Chen. Probably Dongkui O.P., obtained 2011; introd. 2020. Fruit: large, similar to Dongkui; more spherical than Dongkui; skin deep red to purple; flavor sweet-tart, similar to but slightly less good than Dongkui, 12-14 °Brix in California; seed large; ripens early July in central California. Tree: vigor strong, more vigorous than Dongkui; spreading; leaves oblanceolate, large, usually pointed at tip; flower dioecious, pollinated by wind; yield medium-high; USDA Zone 9, potentially tolerating Zone 8.

N1MR06. Red bayberry with red-black skin and sweet pink-red flesh. Origin: University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia, by D.C. Joyce. Parentage unknown, selected 2008 from seedlings grown at Maroochy Research Facility, Nambour, Queensland from outcrossed seed collected from China. Australian PBR 5452; 8 June 2017. USPP 27,322; 1 Nov. 2016. Fruit: size uniform, diameter 21.4 mm, 5.87 g; spherical; skin very dark, red-black, moderately knobby; flesh firm, pink-red, 12 ºBrix, TA 1.41%; resinous taste absent; seeds 1; ripens early, early-mid November; decay after 15 d at 5 ºC slight. Tree: vigor strong; growth habit semi-upright; compact; height 3.6 m, width 3.4 m; leaves oblanceolate; flower dioecious; yield medium; USDA Zone 9, potentially ranging from 8 to 10.

N1MR07. Large red bayberry with red skin and pink-white flesh. Origin: University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia, by D.C. Joyce. Parentage unknown, selected 2008 from seedlings grown at Maroochy Research Facility, Nambour, Queensland from outcrossed seed collected from China. Australian PBR 5453; 8 June 2017. USPP 27,320; 1 Nov. 2016. Fruit: spherical, uniform, diameter 22.3 mm, 7.15 g; skin red, moderately knobby; flesh soft to medium, pink-white, 12.4 ºBrix, TA 1.08%; resinous taste absent; seeds 1; ripens midseason, mid-late November; decay after 15 d at 5 ºC severe. Tree: vigor strong; semi-upright; height 3.5 m, width 4.45 m; leaves oblanceolate; flower dioecious; yield high; USDA Zone 9, potentially ranging from 8 to 10.

N1MR09. Large red bayberry with pale red skin and sweet pink-white flesh. Origin: University of Queensland, Gatton, Australia, by D.C. Joyce. Parentage unknown, selected 2008 from seedlings grown at Maroochy Research Facility, Nambour, Queensland from outcrossed seed collected from China. Australian PBR 5454; 8 June 2017. USPP 27,321; 1 Nov. 2016. Fruit: diameter 24.7 mm, 9.15 g; spherical; skin pale red, moderately knobby; flesh firmness medium, pink-white, 12.8 ºBrix, TA 1.25%; resinous taste absent; seeds 1; ripens early, mid-November; decay after 15 d at 5 ºC moderate. Tree: vigor medium to strong; spreading; height 5.35 m, width 3.4 m; leaves oblanceolate; flower dioecious; yield medium; USDA Zone 9, potentially ranging from 8 to 10.

STRAWBERRY

Beatrice Amyotte, AAFC, Kentville Research and Development Centre, Kentville, NS, Canada

Glenn S. Cole, Dept. of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA

Kim S. Lewers, USDA-ARS, Genetic Improvement of Fruits and Vegetables Laboratory, Beltsville, MD

A13-07 (A13 07; Shyra®). Short-day strawberry adapted to Mediterranean climates. Origin: Masiá Ciscar, Andalucia, Spain, by E. Masia Serrador. Uncontrolled cross, seeds collected 2014; selected 2015. CPVO PBR 54168; 20 Jan. 2020. USPP 33,285; 27 July 2021. Fruit: very large, 35-50 g; conic, reniform; skin gloss medium, orange red (RHS 33A); flesh orange red (RHS 33B), firm; flavor sweet; achenes at surface; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium; yield 960 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright, medium density.

A13-26 (A13 26; Calderón®). Short-day strawberry adapted to Mediterranean climates. Origin: Masiá Ciscar, Andalucia, Spain, by E. Masia Serrador. Uncontrolled cross, seeds collected 2013; selected 2014. CPVO PBR 53646; 7 Oct. 2019. USPP 32,137; 1 Sept. 2020. Fruit: very large, 35-50 g; conic to cordate; skin gloss high, vivid red, very firm; flesh reddish orange (RHS 40A), medium firm; juiciness moderate; flavor sweet, low-acid, highly aromatic; achenes inset; ripens early; stores 8-10 d. Plant: vigor strong; yield 715 g/plant; growth habit upright, semi-compact, high density.

A13-29 (A13 29; Palmeritas®). Short-day strawberry adapted to Mediterranean climates. Origin: Masiá Ciscar, Andalucia, Spain, by E. Masia Serrador. Uncontrolled cross, seeds collected 2013; selected 2014. CPVO PBR 53650; 7 Oct. 2019. USPP 32,078; 18 Aug. 2020. Fruit: very large, 35-50 g; conic to cordate; skin gloss high, orange red (RHS N34), very firm; flesh orange red (RHS 33B), medium firm; juiciness moderate; flavor sweet, low-acid, highly aromatic; achenes at surface; ripens early; stores 8-10 d. Plant: vigor strong; yield 1,003 g/plant; growth habit upright, semi-compact, high density.

A13-71 (A13 71; Cleopatra®). Dayneutral strawberry adapted to Mediterranean climates. Origin: Masiá Ciscar, Andalucia, Spain, by E. Masia Serrador. Uncontrolled cross, seeds collected 2013; selected 2014; tested as EMS 1371. CPVO PBR 53647; 7 Oct. 2019. USPP 32,825; 23 Feb. 2021. Fruit: large, 15-25 g; ovoid to globose; skin gloss high, orange red (RHS 32A), very firm; flesh orange red (RHS 33B), medium firm; juiciness moderate; flavor sweet, low-acid, highly aromatic; achenes at surface; begins to ripen early; stores 8-10 d. Plant: vigor strong; yield 671 g/plant; growth habit upright, semi-compact, high density.

A13-72 (A13 72; Chelsea™). Short-day strawberry adapted to Mediterranean climates. Origin: Masiá Ciscar, Andalucia, Spain, by E. Masia Serrador. Uncontrolled cross, seeds collected 2013; selected 2014. CPVO PBR 53649; 7 Oct. 2019. USPP 32,112; 25 Aug. 2020. Fruit: very large, 20-40 g; conic to cordate; skin glossy orange red (RHS 32B); flesh orange red (RHS 33B); flesh medium firm, juiciness moderate; flavor sweet, low-acid, highly aromatic; achenes inset; ripens early; stores 8-10 d. Plant: vigor strong; yield 495 g/plant; growth habit upright, semi-compact, high density.

AAC Dynamik. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to Eastern Canada and similar growing regions. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada, by S. Khanizadeh. FIN005-50 × Albion, crossed 2010; selected 2010; tested as FLP 112-8. Canadian PBR 6254; 21 Aug. 2020. Fruit: midsize, length 40 mm, width 30 mm; long conic to wedge; skin medium red; flesh medium red, core white; firmness medium; calyx small, at fruit surface, strongly adherent; achenes inset; begins to ripen very early to early. Plant: vigor strong; stolons few; yield high, comparable to Seascape; growth habit semi-upright, high density, flowers below canopy.

AAC Généreuse. Short-day strawberry adapted to Eastern Canada and similar growing regions. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada, by S. Khanizadeh. Carlsbad × SJQ-70, crossed 2003; selected 2008; tested as LL0312-23. Canadian PBR 5298; 15 Aug. 2016. Fruit: midsize, length 40-50 mm, width 40 mm; long conic to wedge; skin medium red; flesh light red; firmness medium; calyx large, at fruit surface, strongly adherent; achenes inset; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor medium to strong; stolons medium to highly abundant; yield moderate, comparable to Kent and Jewel; growth habit semi-upright, high density, flowers level with canopy.

AAC Sens. Short-day strawberry adapted to Eastern Canada and similar growing regions. Origin: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, QC, Canada, by S. Khanizadeh. SJ8518-11 × SJ89264-6, crossed 2002; selected 2007; tested as LL0210-60. Canadian PBR 5297; 15 Aug. 2016. Fruit: midsize, length 40 mm, width 30 mm; uniform conic; skin light red to orange red; flesh light red; firm; calyx midsize, raised; achenes inset; ripens late. Plant: vigor medium; stolons medium abundance; yield moderate, comparable to Kent and Jewel; growth habit semi-upright, medium density, flowers below canopy.

American Aroma 10. Short-day strawberry adapted to Southwest Florida. Origin: Naples, FL, by P.P.C. Chang. A7 × Treasure Harvest; selected 2010; tested as 9047-105. USPP 31,580; 24 Mar. 2020. Fruit: large, 31-36 g; long conic, wedge; skin glossy red; firm; flavor sweet, 7-13 ºBrix; calyx at fruit surface; achenes at surface; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor strong; stolons abundant, 20-50/plant; yield 295-363 g/plant; growth habit globose, low to medium density, resistant to anthracnose crown rot (Colletotrichum fragariae) and anthracnose fruit rot (C. acutatum).

American Aroma 12. Short-day strawberry adapted to Southwest Florida. Origin: Naples, FL, by P.P.C. Chang. American Aroma 10 × AA6; selected 2013; tested as 12067-13. USPP 31,581; 24 Mar. 2020. Fruit: large, length 40 mm, width 30 mm; long conic, wedge; skin glossy medium red; flesh medium light red; firm; flavor sweet, 8-10 ºBrix; calyx at fruit surface; achenes at surface; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor strong; stolons abundant, 30-60/plant; yield 327-349 g/plant; growth habit globose, medium density; resistant to anthracnose crown rot and powdery mildew (Podosphaera aphanis, formerly Sphaerotheca macularis).

Amy®. See CIVN260.

Ania®. See CIVRH612.

Bravura. Short-day strawberry adapted to protected culture in the Netherlands and similar growing regions. Origin: Flevo Berry Holding, Ens, the Netherlands, by M. Suiker. 04-56-02 × 03-61-04, crossed 2008; selected 2009. CPVO PBR 52177; 28 Mar. 2019. USPP 32,579; 8 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large, 18 g; conic; skin glossy, red (RHS 42A, RHS 44A), fading to orange red (RHS 43B); flesh orange red (RHS 34C); firm; flavor sweet, slightly acidic; calyx small; achenes inset; ripens very early. Plant: vigor medium; yield 1,000 g/plant; growth habit flattened globular; highly resistant to phytophthora crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum).

Calderón®. See A13-26.

Cantus®. See CIVRH621.

Chelsea™. See A13-72.

CIVN260 (Amy®). Short-day strawberry adapted to Southern Europe. Origin: Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, San Giuseppe di Comacchio, Ferrara, Italy, by M. Leis and A. Martinelli. Nabila × Clery, crossed 2009; selected 2011. CPVO PBR 54639; 16 Mar. 2020. USPP 29,793; 6 Nov. 2018. Fruit: large, length 50 mm, width 35 mm; conic, slight variability; skin red (RHS 44A); flesh medium red (RHS 42B); firm; flavor good, good aroma and sugar content; calyx small, slightly raised, strongly adherent; achenes inset; ripens very early to early, similar to Clery. Plant: vigor strong; stolons medium abundance, 8-12/plant; yield 834 g/plant; growth habit upright, flowers slightly below canopy; highly resistant to powdery mildew, generally resistant to leaf and root diseases.

CIVRH612 (Ania®). Everbearing strawberry adapted to Southern Europe. Origin: Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, San Giuseppe di Comacchio, Ferrara, Italy, by M. Leis and A. Martinelli. 3H1F-11 × S7V9-9, crossed 2011; selected 2013. CPVO PBR 57098; 18 Jan. 2021. USPP 32,221; 22 Sept. 2020. Fruit: large, 20 g; conic, some variability; skin red (RHS 45A); flesh orange red (RHS 33B); firm; juicy; flavor very sweet, aromatic; calyx at fruit surface; achenes inset; begins to ripen early. Plant: vigor medium; stolons abundant, 25/plant; yield 600-800 g/plant; growth habit upright, medium density, flowers slightly above canopy; tolerant of common leaf and root diseases.

CIVRH621 (Cantus®). Everbearing strawberry adapted to Southern Europe. Origin: Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, San Giuseppe di Comacchio, Ferrara, Italy, by M. Leis and A. Martinelli. 3H1F-11 × S7V9-9, crossed 2011; selected 2013. CPVO PBR 57347; 15 Feb. 2021. USPP 32,222; 22 Sept. 2020. Fruit: large, 22 g; uniform conic; skin red (RHS 45A); flesh orange red (RHS 32A); firm; flavor very good, balanced; calyx small, at fruit surface, strongly adherent; achenes at surface; begins to ripen early. Plant: vigor medium; stolons plentiful, 15/plant; yield 900-1100 g/plant; growth habit upright, high density, flowers above canopy; tolerant of root diseases, resistant to powdery mildew.

CIVRL333 (Xante®). Everbearing strawberry with wide climatic adaptability from Northern Europe to Mediterranean and subtropical areas. Origin: Consorzio Italiano Vivaisti, san Giuseppe di Comacchio, Ferrara, Italy, by M. Leis and A. Martinelli. R6R11-26 × 3E4L-1, crossed 2011; selected 2013. CPVO PBR 57350; 15 Feb. 2021 (surrendered 3 Dec. 2021). USPP 32,193; 15 Sept. 2020. Fruit: large, 18 g; uniform conic; skin red (RHS 45A); flesh orange red (RHS 34B); firm; flavor very sweet with lovely aroma; calyx large, at fruit surface, strongly adherent; achenes inset; begins to ripen very early. Plant: vigor strong; stolons abundant, 30/plant; yield 700-800 g/plant; growth habit upright, medium density, flowers level with canopy; tolerant of most common diseases.

Cordial. Short-day strawberry adapted to Maryland. Origin: USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD, by K.S. Lewers and J.M. Enns. B1893 × B1805, crossed 2011; selected 2013; tested as B2360. USPP 33,636; 16 Nov. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 18-31 g, length 42 mm, width 48 mm; conic to globose conic; skin glossy vivid red to strong red (RHS 44A, RHS 45A); flesh vivid reddish orange (RHS 33A, RHS 33B) and yellowish white (RHS 155D); very firm, fine textured; juicy; flavor moderately sweet (7.6-9.3 ºBrix, pH 3.79, TA 0.93 g/100ml), aromatic; calyx medium to large, set at surface, reflexed to spreading, strongly adhering; achenes at surface; ripens late; stores very well, degraded fruits at 1 week 26%, at 2 weeks 50%. Plant: vigor moderate to strong; stolons adequate, 9/plant; yield high, 789 g/plant; growth habit compact upright globose, density open, flowers below to above canopy; fruiting trusses prostrate; resistant to rain and anthracnose fruit rot; moderately resistant to bacterial angular leaf spot (Xanthomonas fragariae), powdery mildew, leaf scorch (Diplocarpon earlianum), and leaf blight (Paraphomopsis obscurans, formerly Phomopsis obscurans).

Cleopatra®. See A13-71.

Dahli. Short-day strawberry adapted to protected culture in the Netherlands and similar growing regions. Origin: Flevo Berry Holding, Ens, the Netherlands, by M. Suiker. 03-08-01 × 07-46-01, crossed 2010; selected 2009. CPVO PBR 52654; 20 May 2019. USPP 32,536; 1 Dec. 2020. Fruit: midsize, 16 g; long conic; skin glossy, red (RHS 42A, RHS 44A), fading to orange red (RHS 43B); flesh orange red (RHS 34C); very firm; flavor moderately sweet; achenes inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium; yield 500 g/plant; growth habit globular.

Daniel. Partially remontant strawberry adapted to the Sharon coastal plain in Israel and similar climatic regions. Origin: Efraim Yosef, Hod Hasharon, Israel, by E. Yosef. EF-58 × EF-63, crossed 2014; selected 2015; tested as EF-165. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 31,451; 18 Feb. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 28 g; uniform conic; skin red (RHS 45A); flesh red (RHS 44A, RHS 43A), core white (RHS 155B); firmness medium; flavor good, 7.5-9 ºBrix; calyx midsize, at fruit surface, strongly adherent; achenes raised; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium; stolons extremely abundant, 100-900/plant; yield 950 g/plant; growth habit spreading, medium density, flowers level with canopy; tolerant of powdery mildew.

Dickens. Late-midseason, short-day strawberry adapted to perennial matted row and annual plasticulture production in temperate climates. Origin: Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, by C.A. Weber. Jewel × Clancy, crossed 2000; selected 2002, Geneva, NY; tested as NY02-56. USPP 32,535; 1 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large; wide conical, similar to Clancy; skin medium dark red; flesh medium red; firm; flavor good; ripens late midseason, with Jewel and Clancy. Plant: vigor strong; stolons abundant; yield high; growth habit spreading; resistant to powdery mildew.

Eves Delight 2. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to the United Kingdom and similar growing regions. Origin: Edward Vinson Ltd., Faversham, Kent, United Kingdom, by P.E. Vinson. EZ05 × GB96, crossed 2013; selected 2014. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,418; 3 Nov. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, length 50 mm, width 40 mm; uniform conic; skin red (RHS 44A, RHS 44B); flesh medium red (RHS 34A), paler near center (RHS 36C); firm; moderately juicy; flavor sweet, low-acid; calyx midsize, at fruit surface, strongly adherent; achenes deeply inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor strong; yield 105 fruits/plant; growth habit semi-upright, low to medium density, compact, flowers level with canopy.

Falco. Short-day strawberry adapted to protected culture in the Netherlands and similar growing regions. Origin: Flevo Berry Holding, Ens, the Netherlands, by M. Suiker. 00-102-99 × 007-110-07, crossed 2011; selected 2012. CPVO PBR applied for. USPP 32,620; 15 Dec. 2020. Fruit: large, 22 g; globose conic to conic; skin glossy red (RHS 45A); flesh orange red (RHS 34C); firm; flavor moderately sweet, slightly acidic; calyx small; achenes inset; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor medium to strong; yield 750 g/plant; growth habit flattened globular.

FL 16.30-128 (Medallion™, Florida Medallion®). Short-day strawberry adapted to West Central Florida. Origin: University of Florida, Wimauma, by V. Whitaker. FL 13.27-142 × FL 12.90-53, crossed 2016; selected 2017, Balm, FL. USPP 33,451; 7 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 23-27 g; medium conic to cordate; skin glossy medium red; flesh medium red; firm; flavor similar to Florida127, with higher acidity; calyx medium, at fruit surface; achenes inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor low to medium; stolons slightly lower in abundance than commercial Florida standards; yield high, comparable to Florida Brilliance; growth habit upright, compact, flowers level with or slightly above canopy.

FL 16.78-109 (Pearl™, Florida Pearl®, Pink-A-Boo®). White-fruited, short-day, partially remontant strawberry adapted to West Central Florida. Origin: University of Florida, Wimauma, by V. Whitaker. FL 12.90-109 × FL 14.29-62, crossed 2016; selected 2017, Balm, FL. USPP 33,477; 14 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 16-20 g; medium conic to cordate; skin white with pink blush and red achenes; flesh white red; firmness medium; flavor sweet, low-acid; calyx midsize, at fruit surface; achenes slightly inset. Plant: vigor medium; stolons slightly more abundant than commercial Florida standards; yield moderate, lower than commercial Florida standards; growth habit moderately compact, round, flowers level with or slightly below canopy; moderately resistant to powdery mildew and charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina).

Florida Medallion®. See FL 16.30-128.

Florida Pearl®. See FL 16.78-109.

Lady Isabella. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to the United Kingdom. Origin: S & A Soft Fruits, Herefordshire, United Kingdom, by I. Georghegan. SA40 × SA23; selected 2013; tested as RD072-004-2012. UK PBR applied for. CPVO PBR 58358; 17 May 2021. USPP 31,609; 31 Mar. 2020. Fruit: medium to large, 17-22 g; conic to cordate; skin red (RHS 44A); flesh firm; flavor sweet; calyx raised; achenes slightly inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium; yield greater than Lady Emma; growth habit open; resistant to powdery mildew.

Limvalnera. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to protected cultivation in Southern Europe. Origin: Asparagus Beheer, Horst, the Netherlands, by J. Vromans. Primoris × Ventana, crossed 2011; selected 2012, Lepe, Spain. CPVO PBR 51745; 11 Mar. 2019. USPP 31,774; 19 May 2020. Fruit: large, 30 g; long conic; glossy, skin medium red (RHS 42A, RHS 42B); flesh light red (RHS 40B); firm; flavor pleasant, sweet, balanced; calyx small; achenes at surface; begins to ripen midseason. Plant: vigor medium to strong; yield moderate, greater than Primoris; growth habit upright, semi-open.

Magnum®. See Marionnet 97.

Malga (SG134). Dayneutral strawberry adapted to Northern Italy and similar growing regions. Origin: New Fruits SAS, Verona, Italy, by Z. Franco. Irma × SG8, crossed 2008; selected 2011. CPVO PBR 46252; 15 June 2017. USPP 28,310; 22 Aug. 2017. Fruit: large, length 50 mm, width 40 mm; long conic; red (RHS 44A); flesh orange red (RHS 30B); medium firm; flavor better than Portola; calyx small, slightly raised; achenes inset; stores minimum 6 d. Plant: yield high; growth habit upright, medium density, flowers above canopy.

Malling Centenary. Short-day strawberry adapted to Kent, United Kingdom and similar growing regions. Origin: National Institute of Agricultural Botany, East Malling Research, East Malling, Kent, United Kingdom, by A. Whitehouse, A. Johnson, and D. Simpson. SDBL102 × EM13315, crossed 2005; selected 2006; tested as EM1764. CPVO PBR 40671; 20 Apr. 2015. Canadian PBR 5841; 26 Nov. 2018. Fruit: large, length 50 mm, width 40 mm; uniform conic; skin medium red; flesh medium red; firm; flavor very good, balanced; calyx medium, raised; achenes at surface; ripens early. Plant: vigor strong; stolons plentiful; growth habit semi-upright, medium to high density, flowers level with canopy.

Mariguette®. See Marionnet 99.

Marionnet 97 (Magnum®). Short-day, partially remontant strawberry adapted to central France and similar growing regions. Origin: SCEA Marionnet, Soings en Sologne, France, by L. Chausset. Darselect × Alba, crossed 2007; selected 2009, Loir-et-Cher, France. CPVO PBR 43041; 11 Apr. 2016. Canadian PBR 5841; 16 Nov. 2018. Fruit: large to very large, length 40-50 mm, width 40 mm; conic, somewhat variable; skin medium red; flesh medium red; firm; calyx medium, raised, strongly adherent; achenes at surface; ripens early. Plant: vigor strong; stolons plentiful; growth habit upright, medium to high density, flowers below canopy; resistant to powdery mildew.

Marionnet 99 (Mariguette®). Dayneutral strawberry adapted to central France and similar growing regions. Origin: SCEA Marionnet, Soings en Sologne, France, by L. Chausset. Muir × Charlotte, crossed 2006; selected 2007, Loir-et-Cher, France. CPVO PBR 43040; 11 Apr. 2016. Canadian PBR 5842; 16 Nov. 2018. Fruit: large; conic, somewhat variable; skin medium red; flesh light to medium red; medium firm to firm; flavor sweet; calyx large, raised, strongly adherent; achenes at surface; begins to ripen very early to early. Plant: vigor medium to strong; stolons adequate; yield high; growth habit semi-upright, medium to high density, flowers level with canopy.

Medallion™. See FL 16.30-128.

Niña. Short-day strawberry adapted to West Central Florida. Origin: Strawberry Sciences, Hillsborough Country, FL, by K.M Blaker, M.D. Nelson, S.M. Ackerlan, and D.S. Nelson. San Andreas × BG-4.370, crossed 2010; selected 2012; tested as SB_10_86-107. USPP 33,475; 14 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 32-37 g; cordate; skin red (RHS 46B); flesh medium red (RHS 46B); firm; flavor good; calyx at fruit surface; achenes at surface or slightly inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor strong; stolons adequate, 118-129 stolons/m2; yield 397-471 g/plant; growth habit upright, high density, flowers level with or slightly below canopy; moderately resistant to fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum).

Palmeritas®. See A13-29.

Pearl™. See FL 16.78-109.

Persephene. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to coastal Central California. Origin: Sweet Darling Sales, Aptos, CA, by J. Larse. 108080 × 107801; tested as 110195. USPP 33,227; 6 July 2021. Fruit: medium to small, 26.7 g, length 37-43 mm, width 37-39 mm; uniform conic to globose conic; skin moderately glossy vivid red (RHS 45A); flesh vivid reddish orange (RHS 41A) and strong yellowish pink (RHS 38A); firm, cavity 12 mm wide; flavor moderately sweet, 7.0-7.5 ºBrix, pH 3.54; calyx medium to large, inserted, reflexed, weakly adhering; achenes inset; ripens June; stores 10 d. Plant: vigor strong; stolons few, 1-4/plant; yield high to very high, 1,468 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright, density light to medium, flowers above canopy; fruiting trusses prostrate; moderately rain tolerant.

Pink-A-Boo®. See FL 16.78-109.

Pinta. Short-day strawberry adapted to West Central Florida. Origin: Strawberry Sciences, Hillsborough Country, FL, by K.M Blaker, M.D. Nelson, S.M. Ackerlan, and D.S. Nelson. Red Merlin × BG-5.321, crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP 33,512; 28 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 30-31 g; cordate; skin red (RHS 46A); flesh medium red (RHS 45A); flavor good; calyx at fruit surface; achenes at surface or slightly inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium; stolons adequate to plentiful, 151-161 stolons/m2; yield 337-385 g/plant; growth habit slightly upright, medium density, flowers level with or slightly above canopy; resistant to fusarium wilt.

Rikas FNM. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to southern Spain and similar growing regions. Origin: Fresas Nuevos Materiales, Gibraleon, Huelva, Spain, by A. Refoyo Pirez. E64 × 86N; tested as A13-27N-3. CPVO PBR 57814; 6 Apr. 2021. USPP 31,773; 19 May 2020. Fruit: large, 28 g, conic; skin glossy light red (RHS 33A); flesh light red (RHS 33C), firm; flavor sweet; calyx midsize; achenes at surface; begins to ripen with San Andreas; stores 10-12 d. Plant: vigor strong; yield 1,000 g/plant; growth habit upright, flowers level with canopy; moderately resistant to powdery mildew, verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae) and phytophthora crown rot, relatively tolerant to aphids and spider mites.

Santa Maria. Short-day strawberry adapted to West Central Florida. Origin: Strawberry Sciences, Hillsborough Country, FL, by K.M Blaker, M.D. Nelson, S.M. Ackerlan, and D.S. Nelson. Red Merlin × BG-5.321, crossed 2012; selected 2014. USPP 33,476; 14 Sept. 2021. Fruit: large, 31-33 g, cordate; skin red (RHS 46A); flesh medium red (RHS 46B), firm; flavor good; calyx at fruit surface; achenes at surface or slightly inset; ripens early. Plant: vigor medium to strong; stolons plentiful, 183-194 stolons/m2; yield 370-404 g/plant; growth habit upright, medium density, flowers level with canopy; resistant to fusarium wilt.

SG134. See Malga.

Shannon M. Kent. Dayneutral strawberry adapted to coastal Central California. Origin: Sweet Darling Sales, Aptos, CA, by J. Larse. 107987 × 107801; tested as 110168 and Perla. USPP 33,252; 13 July 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 26.5 g, length 41.5 mm, width 41.5 mm; globose conic; skin vivid reddish orange (RHS 44B); flesh vivid reddish orange (RHS 44B, RHS 43B); firm; flavor moderately sweet, 7.1 ºBrix, pH 3.49; calyx large, reflexed; achenes slightly inset; ripens May-June; stores 10 d. Plant: vigor moderate; stolons few, 3/plant; yield high to very high, 1,476 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright to spreading, density medium, flowers above canopy; fruiting trusses prostrate; rain tolerance moderate.

Shyra®. See A13-07.

Sierra. Short-day, fully remontant strawberry adapted to coastal Northern California. Origin: Lassen Canyon Nursery, Santa Cruz, CA, by J. Bagdasarain, N. Pinkerton, and T. Stegmeir. Lucia × Emilia, crossed 2013; selected 2014. USPP 33,284; 27 July 2021. Fruit: very large, 32 g; conic; skin red (Pantone 185C); flesh light red (Pantone 032U); firm; flavor sweet, 6-13 ºBrix; achenes slightly inset; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor medium; yield 1,760 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright, flowers level with or slightly above canopy; tolerant to fusarium wilt and verticillium wilt.

Swtcol. Short-day strawberry adapted to Southern Europe. Origin: Hargreaves Plants, Cesena, Italy, by D. Bernardini. NF 101 × NF 302, crossed 2005; selected 2005. CPVO PBR 55334; 4 May 2020 (terminated 23 Nov. 2020). USPP 30,736; 23 July 2019. Fruit: very large, 30 g; conic; skin medium red (RHS 46B); flesh reddish (RHS 44C) on the outside, slightly orange (RHS 29B) near center; medium to firm; flavor very sweet; achenes inset; ripens midseason. Plant: vigor medium; stolons abundant, 54/plant; growth habit upright, flowers above canopy.

UCD Finn. Extreme day-neutral strawberry for the summer plant regions of the southern and central coast of California. Origin: University of California, Davis, by S. Knapp and G. Cole. Cabrillo × 08C150P009; crossed 2012; selected 2016; introd. 2021. USPP 34,242; 17 May 2022. Fruit: medium to large, 25 g, similar to Portola; conic; skin moderate red (RHS N45B); very firm, sweet, 8.9% SSC, 0.72% TA; achenes indented; harvest August to end December, 75% production by late October. Plant: vigor medium; yield moderate, 676 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright with flowers above the canopy; moderately susceptible to verticillium wilt; susceptible to fusarium wilt, phytophthora crown rot, and charcoal rot.

UCD Mojo. Extreme day-neutral strawberry for the summer plant regions of the southern and central coast of California. Origin: University of California, Davis, by S. Knapp and G. Cole. 07C203P001 × 08C150P009; crossed 2012; selected 2016; introd. 2021. USPP 34,265; 24 May 2022. Fruit: medium to large, 26.8 g, larger than Portola; conic; skin vivid red (RHS 45A); very firm, sweet, 8.6% SSC, 0.83% TA; achenes indented; harvest August to end of December, 75% production by late October. Plant: vigor medium; yield moderate, 692 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright with flowers above the canopy; moderately resistant to charcoal rot; moderately susceptible to verticillium wilt and to phytophthora crown rot, and susceptible to fusarium wilt.

UCD Moxie. Day-neutral strawberry adapted to the California central coast. Origin: University of California, Davis, by S. Knapp, G. Cole, D. Shaw and K. Larson. UCD Royal Royce × 07C092P003; crossed 2011; selected 2012; introd. 2019. USPP 32,953; 6 Apr. 2021. Fruit: large, 27.2 g, similar to Monterey; conic; skin vivid red (RHS 45A); very firm, juicy, 7.58% SSC, 0.74% TA; achenes indented; harvest March to end of October, 5-8% production by late April. Plant: vigor high; yield high, 2033 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright with flowers at or above the canopy. Has reduced runner production in berry growing season; resistant to fusarium wilt; moderately resistant to verticillium wilt; moderately susceptible to phytophthora crown rot; susceptible to charcoal rot.

UCD Royal Royce. Day-neutral strawberry adapted to all coastal growing regions of California. Origin: University of California, Davis, by S. Knapp, G. Cole, D. Shaw, and K. Larson. 03C114P003 × 04C009P005; crossed 2008; selected 2009; introd. 2019. USPP 32,952; 6 Apr. 2021. Fruit: large, 27.6 g, similar to Monterey; conic; skin vivid red (RHS 45B); very firm, juicy, 7.69% SSC, 0.84% TA; achenes indented; harvest mid-February to end of September, 5-8% production by late April. Plant: vigor high; yield high, 2183 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright with flowers at or above the canopy. Has reduced runner production in berry growing season; moderately susceptible to verticillium wilt and to phytophthora crown rot; susceptible to fusarium wilt and to charcoal rot.

UCD Valiant. Day-neutral strawberry adapted to all coastal growing regions of California, especially adapted to organic culture. Origin: University of California, Davis, by S. Knapp, G. Cole, D. Shaw, and K. Larson. Merced × 07C092P003; crossed 2011; selected 2012; introd. 2019. USPP 32,984; 20 Apr. 2021. Fruit: very large, 35 g, bigger than Monterey; conic; skin vivid red (RHS 45A); very firm, juicy, 7.6% SSC, 0.83% TA; achenes indented; harvest mid-February to end of September, 15% production by late April. Plant: vigor high; yield high, 2078 g/plant; growth habit upright with flowers above the canopy; moderately susceptible to verticillium wilt and to phytophthora crown rot; susceptible to fusarium wilt and to charcoal rot.

UCD Victor. Short-day strawberry adapted to coastal Southern California and partially remontant in cool environments of coastal Central California. Origin: University of California, Davis, by S. Knapp, G. Cole, D. Shaw, and K. Larson. 08C182P002 × 08C138P002; crossed 2011; selected 2012; introd. 2019. USPP 32,966; 13 Apr. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 28.5 g, similar to Fronteras; long conic; skin vivid red (RHS 46B); very firm, flavor sweet, 8.8% SSC, 0.77% TA; achenes indented; harvest medium late, 5-10% production by late February. Plant: vigor moderate; yield high, 830 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright with flowers at same level of canopy; highly resistant to fusarium wilt; moderately resistant to phytophthora crown rot; moderately susceptible to charcoal rot; susceptible to verticillium wilt.

UCD Warrior. Short-day strawberry adapted to coastal Southern California. Origin: University of California, Davis, CA by S. Knapp, G. Cole, D. Shaw and K. Larson. 05C165P001 × 04C076P004; crossed 2008; selected 2009; introd. 2019. USPP 32,950; 6 Apr. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 25.6 g, similar to Petaluma; short to medium conic; skin red (RHS N34A); moderately firm, flavor sweet, 8.5% SSC, 0.73% TA; achenes slightly indented; harvest medium early, 15-20% production by late February. Plant: vigor moderate; yield moderate, 749 g/plant; growth habit semi-upright with flowers at same level of canopy; highly resistant to fusarium wilt; moderately resistant to charcoal rot and phytophthora crown rot; moderately susceptible to verticillium wilt.

Verdi. Short-day strawberry adapted to the Netherlands and similar growing regions. Origin: Fresh Forward Holding, Eck en Wiel, the Netherlands, by E.J. Meulenbroek. E2008-001 × E2006-367, crossed 2011; selected 2012. CPVO PBR 57813; 6 Apr. 2021. USPP 33,202; 9 June 2021. Fruit: medium to large; conic; skin glossy, reddish orange (43A); flesh light reddish orange (35B); firm; flavor pleasant, balanced, nice aroma; achenes slightly raised to at surface; ripens early; stores 7-10 d. Plant: vigor medium; growth habit upright; resistant to phytophthora crown rot, powdery mildew, and verticillium wilt.

Xante®. See CIVRL333.

Yakima. Short-day strawberry adapted to coastal Central California. Origin: Sweet Darling Sales, Aptos, CA, by J. Larse. Aida × Lili; tested as 109733. USPP 32,800; 9 Feb. 2021. Fruit: medium to large, 33 g, length 53 mm, width 43 mm; long conic and long wedge; skin glossy vivid red (RHS 45A); flesh vivid red (RHS 44A) and strong red (RHS 41B); medium firm to firm; flavor moderately sweet to very sweet (7-14 ºBrix, pH 3.33); calyx medium to large, set at surface, reflexed, moderately adhering; achenes inset; stores 5-10 d. Plant: vigor strong; stolons few, 1-3/plant; yield high, 721 g/plant; growth habit upright, density medium, flowers above canopy, fruiting trusses prostrate; rain tolerance moderate to high; resistant to fusarium wilt and anthracnose fruit rot.

SUGAR APPLE

David Karp, Dept. of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, CA

LeahReese. Large, symmetric fruit with excellent flavor and very low fiber content. Origin: University of Florida, Tropical Research and Education Center, Homestead, FL, by J.H. Crane. Chance seedling obtained from mass selection from progenies of half siblings; selected 2011. Fruit: large, mean parameters: longitudinal diameter 119.5 mm, equatorial diameter 116.2, 638.7 g; symmetric, broadly cordate; peel mamillated, light green, with individual areoles slightly separated and faintly outlined in yellow-white; pulp 50.4% of fruit mass, creamy white, with almost no stone cells; sweet, 25.5 ºBrix, 5.0 pH, acidity 0.228 g citric acid/40 g of pulp, TSS/TA ratio 119; seeds 90; ripe fruit stores for 3-5 d at 5-10 ºC without losing quality. Tree: midsize; canopy globose; hand pollination in Florida results in 98% fruit set.

WALNUT

Pat J. Brown, Walnut Improvement Program, University of California, Davis, CA

UC Wolfskill. Midseason harvesting Persian walnut with extra-light kernel color, similar to Chandler but harvests 10 d earlier. Origin: University of California, Davis, by C. Leslie, G. McGranahan, and P.J. Brown. Chandler × Solano; crossed 2003; selected 2010; tested as UC03-001-2357; introd. 2020. USPP 33,383; 24 Aug. 2021. Nut: 14.1 g; broadly ovate, lightly grooved, 58% kernel. Kernel: 8.1 g, easily removed in halves, very high proportion of extra-light color. Tree: vigor and habit similar to Chandler; bears on terminals and laterals; protandrous; yield high; harvest similar to Durham; occurrence of blight low.

WALNUT ROOTSTOCK

Pat J. Brown, Walnut Improvement Program, University of California, Davis, CA

Grizzly™. See Cliff Clone.

Cliff Clone (Grizzly™). Vigorous hybrid rootstock for Persian walnut, tolerant of nematodes and replant disorder, selected from a nematode-afflicted orchard. Origin: Rio Oso, CA, by C. Beumel and M. Conant. Juglans hindsii × J. regia O.P.; selected 2014; introd. 2018. USPP 31,862; 16 June 2020. Plant: vigor moderate, challenging to propagate. Rootstock performance: grows well in the presence of lesion nematode (Pratylenchus vulnus), in replant situations, and in sandy soil; Phytophthora resistance unknown; crown gall (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) not observed.

ADDENDA AND REVISIONS

APPLE

Gala 0502. Marketed as KingGala® (List 50).

Harley05. Marketed as Mondaju® and Roxy® (List 50).

NY56. Marketed as Cordera® (List 50).

PremA129. The Dazzle® trade name for this cultivar is registered, not ™ (List 50).

Seaton99. Marketed as Berica® (List 50).

WUR37. Marketed as Freya® (List 50).

AVOCADO

AO.06. USPP application abandoned; 2 Dec. 2016 (List 50).

BL 5-552 (5-552). USPP 33,534; 5 Oct. 2021 (List 50).

BLACKBERRY

Caddo. USPP 33,115; 1 June 2021 (List 50).

BLUEBERRY

Colossus. USPP 33,802; 4 Jan. 2022 (List 50).

FC13-122. USPP 31,822; 2 June 2020 (List 50).

FCM14-052. USPP 32,186; 15 Sept. 2020. Marketed as Sekoya Pop® (List 50).

FF03-015 (CristinaBlue®). Marketed in 2022 as ValentinaBlue® (List 49).

Magnus. USPP 32,181; 15 Sept. 2020 (List 50).

Optimus. USPP 32,028; 4 Aug. 2020 (List 50).

Wayne. USPP 32,182; 15 Sept. 2020 (List 50).

ZF08-029. USPP 32,348; 20 Oct. 2020. Marketed as Peachy Blue™ (List 50).

CITRUS

C37. Marketed as Juicy Crunch® (List 50).

M 4. USPVP 202000300; 30 July 2021 (note that this cultivar applied for and was granted US plant variety protection, not a plant patent, for which it was stated as applying in List 50).

Tift2-16. Marketed as Grand Frost™ (List 50).

Tift3-46. Marketed as Sweet Frost™ (List 50).

WG 02. Marketed as Aroema™ (List 50).

KIWIFRUIT

Cristal. USPP application abandoned; 21 Feb. 2019 (List 50).

PLUM

Plumcandy XVII. USPP 32,160; 19 Aug. 2020 (List 49).

STRAWBERRY

NCS 10-038. Listed as Liz in List 50, but NCS 10-038 is the official cultivar denomination established by USPP 32,705 (29 Dec. 2020); Liz is a synonym.

NCS 10-156. Listed as Rocco in List 50, but NCS 10-156 is the official cultivar denomination established by USPP 32,432 (10 Nov. 2020); Rocco is a synonym.

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