Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America List 28 2022

in HortScience
Author:
Beiquan MouUSDA-ARS, 1636 East Alisal Street, Salinas, CA 93905 ( beiquan.mou@usda.gov)

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Crop listings: amaranth, asparagus, bean-dry, bean-garden, bean-lima, bean-mung, beet, Brussels sprout, cabbage, cabbage-Chinese, carrot, celery, chickpea, collard, cucumber, eggplant, leek, lettuce, melon, onion, parsnip, pea-green, potato, pumpkin, rutabaga, shallot, Southern pea (cowpea), soybean, spinach, squash, sweet corn, sweet potato, Swiss chard, tomato, turnip.

This list of the North American vegetable cultivars was developed using the database of the Plant Variety Protection (PVP) Office (https://apps.ams.usda.gov/CMS/), published descriptions from scientific journals, seed catalogs, and websites of seed companies, as well as inputs from vegetable breeders. Assistant editors responsible for each crop were instructed to obtain as much information as possible about the cultivars available to North American growers. The crop species are listed alphabetically, with cultivars listed alphabetically within each of those. Claims made by the breeders or vendors were not verified by the editors. Mention of cultivar names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation, endorsement, warranties, or guarantees by the editors, HortScience, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)-Agricultural Research Service (ARS) for the cultivars, including merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

The information about each cultivar is presented in a standard format that includes the cultivar name (experimental designation), breeder (breeder name(s), if known, in parentheses following institution), vendor, parentage, plant characteristics, disease and other resistances, similar cultivars, areas of adaptation, reference information [Journal, volume: pages. (Year)], variety protection information (PVP or patent #, date granted or applied), and year of release. In many cases, complete information was not available for the cultivars included in the list.

Previous vegetable cultivar lists have been published (1–27) in this journal, and its predecessor.

1. Anonymous. 1954. New vegetable varieties list I. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 63:503-525.

2. Anonymous. 1955. New vegetable varieties list II. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 65:493-511.

3. Anonymous. 1956. New vegetable varieties list III. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 67:587-609.

4. Anonymous. 1957. New vegetable varieties list IV. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 69:574-587.

5. Anonymous. 1958. New vegetable varieties list V. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 71:591-600.

6. Anonymous. 1960. New vegetable varieties list VI. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 75:842-850.

7. Anonymous. 1961. New vegetable varieties list VII. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 77:648-653.

8. Anonymous. 1963. New vegetable varieties list VIII. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 82:652-660.

9. Anonymous. 1964. New vegetable varieties list IX. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 84:665-673.

10. Minges, P.A. 1965. New vegetable varieties list X and XI. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 86:824-845.

11. Minges, P.A. 1966. New vegetable varieties list XII. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 88:718-726.

12. Minges, P.A. 1966. New vegetable varieties list XIII. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 88:727-732.

13. Minges, P.A. 1967. New vegetable varieties list XIV. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 90:567-569.

14. Minges, P.A. 1968. New vegetable varieties list XV. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 92: 823-840.

15. Barnes, W.C. 1969. New vegetable varieties list XVI. HortScience 4:65-69.

16. Barnes, W.C. 1970. New vegetable varieties list XVII. HortScience 5:146-149.

17. Barnes, W.C. 1971. New vegetable varieties list XVIII. HortScience 6:124-127.

18. Lower, R.L. 1973. New vegetable varieties list XIX. HortScience 8:465-470.

19. Lower, R.L. 1975. New vegetable varieties list XX. HortScience 10:467-470.

20. Tigchelaar, E.C. 1980. New vegetable cultivar list XXI. HortScience 15:565-578.

21. Tigchelaar, E.C. 1986. New vegetable cultivar list 22. HortScience 21:195-212.

22. Tigchelaar, E.C. 1991. New vegetable cultivar list 23. HortScience 26:343-357. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.26.4.343.

23. Wehner, T.C. 1999. Vegetable cultivar descriptions for North America, list 24. HortScience 34:763-806. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.34.5.763.

24. Wehner, T.C. 1999. Vegetable cultivar descriptions for North America, list 25. HortScience 34:957-1012. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.34.6.957.

25. Wehner, T.C. 2002. Vegetable cultivar descriptions for North America, list 26, 2002. HortScience 37:15-78. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.37.1.15.

26. Wehner, T.C. and B. Mou. 2013. Vegetable cultivar descriptions for North America, list 27. HortScience 48:245-286. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.48.2.245.

AMARANTH

Rahmatallah Gheshm and Rebecca Nelson Brown

Department of Plant Sciences and Entomology University of Rhode Island Kingston, RI 02881

All Red Leaf—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company (https://www.kitazawaseed.com). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Semi-upright plant with height of 16”, depending on the climate situation. Maturity occurs after 35-60 days. After two to three weeks of growth, all the leaves turn to the purple-red color. Leaves are broad and tender. Resistance: All Red Leaf tolerates hot, dry, and moist conditions.

Burgundy—Vendor: Wild Garden Seed (https://www.wildgardenseed.com), West Coast Seed (https://www.westcoastseeds.com). Characteristics: Young plants have red cotyledons and leaves. Flowers and tassels are burgundies, and seeds are white. Suitable for use as micro-greens or baby cut to a salad. Likes summer heat. Large plants grow 5-6’ in height.

Callaloo Amaranth—Vendor: West Coast Seed (https://www.westcoastseeds.com). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Grow for cooked leaves. Edible green leaves, flowers, and seeds mature in 40-60 days.

Chinese Giant Orange—Vendor: Select Seeds (https://www.selectseeds.com). Characteristics: Flowers are bright orange and commanding height. Young leaves and seeds are edible.

Chinese Multicolor Spinach—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds (https://www.rareseeds.com). Characteristics: A green in spectacular splashes of color! Leaves are tender and sweet and can use as edible greens or salad. Harvestable in 30-40 days from sowing. Resistance: heat- and drought-tolerant.

Golden Giant—Vendor: Sow True Seed (https://sowtrueseed.com). Parentage: heirloom. Characteristics: The height of the plant is approximately 6-7’ with a sunshine-colored tassel. Young green leaves are edible. This variety is used for both food and ornamental purpose.

Green Callaloo—Vendor: Eden Brothers (https://www.edenbrothers.com), Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds (https://www.rareseeds.com). Parentage: Heirloom. Characteristics: Young leaves can be used in salads, and also due to their light green leaves, can be used raw or in soups and stews. Resistance: Green Callaloo is a heat-tolerant amaranth and a good choice for warmer climates.

Green Leaf—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company (https://www.kitazawaseed.com). Characteristics: The plants are short and strong with jade green oval leaves.

Green Leaf Callaloo—Vendor: Whitwam Organics (https://whitwamorganics.com/), Eden Brothers (https://www.edenbrothers.com). Characteristics: Callaloo is a tall leafy green. The young, tender leaves, flower buds, and seeds are edible. The mature leaves, and stem can be used for cooking. Harvest as early as 30 days.

Green Tails Amaranth—Vendor: West Coast Seed (https://www.westcoastseeds.com). Characteristics: This Amaranth grows to a height of 4’. Suitable for consumption as micro-greens, baby leaf, salad greens, or full size as a cooked green.

Hopi Red Dye—Vendor: Sow True Seed (https://sowtrueseed.com), Wild Garden Seed (https://www.wildgardenseed.com), Pinetree Garden seeds (https://www.superseeds.com), Johnny’s Selected Seeds (https://www.johnnyseeds.com). Parentage: heirloom. Characteristics: This Amaranth has stunning burgundy leaves and tassels. The whole plant is edible and contains all its black seeds. Preferred micro-cuts because of their uniform dark cotyledons. Tender young purple leaves are suitable for salad. The mature plant grows to 5’ high.

Hopi Red Dye Amaranthus—Vendor: West Coast Seed (https://www.westcoastseeds.com), Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds (https://www.rareseeds.com), Select Seeds (https://www.selectseeds.com). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Traditional dye variety. Grows as micro-greens. This variety has one of the reddest seedlings among Amaranths and is a good choice for micro-green mixes. Leaves can be harvested in 21 days as baby greens, and seeds maturity occurs in 110 days.

Love Lies Bleeding—Vendor: Eden Brothers (https://www.edenbrothers.com), Pinetree Garden Seeds (https://www.superseeds.com), Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds (https://www.rareseeds.com), Victory Seeds (https://www.victoryseeds.com). Characteristics: Well known as an ornamental variety. Plants can grow to 3- 4,’ and their rope-like flowers are deep red. Young leaves are edible as cooked greens. Days to maturity are about 60 days.

Miriah Leaf—Vendor: Adaptive Seeds (https://www.adaptiveseeds.com). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: The green amaranth leaves with red ribs are used for salad and cooking. The backside of the leaves is all red. The seeds are black.

Molten Fire—Vendor: Eden Brothers (https://www.edenbrothers.com). Parentage: heirloom. Characteristics: Fast-growing Amaranth up to 3’, with dark leaves which become crimson. Leaves can be consumed as micro-greens or baby leaf salad. Full-size leaves can be used as cooked leafy vegetables. The plant matures in 40-60 days.

Montana Popping—Vendor: Sow True Seed (https://sowtrueseed.com). Parentage: heirloom. Characteristics: Dual-purpose for greens and grain. 4-6’ tall plants with bright green leaves and dense flower heads. The seed’s color is golden-orange and can be used in flours and for popping. The young leaves are also edible.

Opopeo Amaranth—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds (https://www.rareseeds.com), Fedco Seeds (https://www.fedcoseeds.com), Select Seeds (https://www.selectseeds.com). Parentage: heirloom. Characteristics: This variety has large, red, upright flower spikes and bronze-green foliage. Leaves are tender when picked young. Sixty-five days to flower, 125 days to seed.

Polish—Vendor: Wild Garden Seed (https://www.wildgardenseed.com), Select Seeds (https://www.selectseeds.com). Characteristics: Dark green leaves veined in red. Edible leaves and seeds, and bird-friendly.

Red Beauty—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company (https://www.kitazawaseed.com). Characteristics: This Amaranth produces purple-red leaves with bright green margins. Tender leaves can be consumed as microgreens and are also suitable for salad mixes and garnish. Days to maturity are about 30 to 49 days.

Red Garnet—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company (https://www.kitazawaseed.com), Everwilde Farms Inc. (https://www.everwilde.com) Victory Seeds (https://www.victoryseeds.com), Sow True Seed (https://sowtrueseed.com), Pinetree Garden Seeds (https://www.superseeds.com), Eden Brothers (https://www.edenbrothers.com), Corona Seeds, Inc. (https://coronaseeds.com), Johnny’s Selected Seeds (https://www.johnnyseeds.com). Parentage heirloom. Characteristics: The plant color is red-brown with red-fuchsia and red oval-shaped leaves. They are used for microgreen, producing baby leaves and grain. This variety with dark burgundy stems and light red fuchsia is a choice for baby leaf and microgreen. Baby leaves are harvestable after 20-25 days.

Red Leaf—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company (https://www.kitazawaseed.com). Characteristics: This variety is a leafy vegetable with large, light green leaves and red veins in the center of the leaf. The plant produces tender leaves and grows vigorously in warm temperatures Depending on the climate situation, after 35-60 days, plants will be matured.

Red Leaf Amaranth—Vendor: West Coast Seed (Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: This variety has large fleshy leaves, light green, green, and burgundy. It matures in approx. 60 days in spring; 30-40 days in summer and fall.

Red Spike—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds (https://www.johnnyseeds.com). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Traditionally known as an ornamental variety. Dark red upright type. When plants are young with tender leaves, the foliage is edible. 65—75 days to maturity.

Rodale Red Leaf Grain—Breeder: Rodale Institute, Suzanne Ashworth, Adaptive Seeds. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds (https://www.adaptiveseeds.com). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Dual-purpose amaranth. Early maturing, 4-5′ tall deep-red plants that produce light tan seeds, perfect for edible grain use. This variety grows well in extra cool summers. Young leaves had the best flavor.

Virdis Amaranth—Vendor: Pinetree Garden Seeds (https://www.superseeds.com). Characteristics: Long, cascading lime green tassels.

White Leaf—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company (https://www.kitazawaseed.com), Whitwam Organics (https://whitwamorganics.com). Characteristics: A variety of edible amaranth. The leaves are tender and slightly shorter than the other varieties of amaranth. The plant has round, delicate, pale green leaves and stems. Matures in approx. 30-40 days.

ASPARAGUS

Mikeal L. Roose

Department of Botany and Plant Sciences University of California Riverside, CA 92521

DePaoli—Breeder: University of California, Riverside (N Stone and M Roose). Parentage: clonal F1 hybrid, F600 x M256. Characteristics: mixed sex cultivar, combines high yield and excellent head tightness in warmer climates resulting in a high proportion of marketable spears. Similar: UC157-F1. Adaptation: Mediterranean climates. PVP# 200700127, issued 09/11/2014. 2007.

Early California—Breeder: Brock Seed. Parentage: clonal F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mixed-sex cultivar, early season producer, high yield per plant, with relatively large and uniform spear size, little purple on bracts. Resistance: rust tolerant. Adaptation: well-adapted to semi-arid and arid areas. 2004.

Guelph Eclipse—Breeder: Guelph University (D Wolyn). Vendor: Fox Seeds. Parentage: clonal F1 hybrid. Characteristics: all-male cultivar, very low frequency of plants with one or more androhermaphrodite flowers, high yield, straight spears with tight tips and uniform spear diameter, early spear emergence. Adaptation: temperate and cool climates. Plant Breeder’s Rights (PBR, Canada): 5589, 12/07/2017.

Guelph Equinox—Breeder: Guelph University (D Wolyn). Vendor: Fox Seeds. Parentage: clonal F1 hybrid. Characteristics: all-male cultivar, high yield, straight spears with tight tips and uniform spear diameter, early-mid season maturity. Adaptation: temperate and cool climates. PBR(Canada): 5590, 12/07/2017.

Guelph Millennium—Breeder: Guelph University (D Wolyn). Vendor: Fox Seeds. Parentage: clonal F1 hybrid. Characteristics: all-male cultivar, high yield, resistance to foliar diseases, straight spears with tight tips, mid-late season maturity. Adaptation: temperate and cool climates. PBR(Canada): 1427, 02/24/2003.

Spartacus—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden BV (JHA Theuws, LWJ Arends). Parentage: clonal F1 hybrid. Characteristics: all male (androecious); high branching; uniform spear size at harvest. Resistance: strong tolerance to foliar and Fusarium root rot. Adaptation: suitable for green asparagus production in Mediterranean climates. US Patent: PP30,712, granted 07/16/2019.

BEAN–DRY

Carlos A. Urrea

University of Nebraska Panhandle Research & Extension Center 4502 Avenue I Scottsbluff, NE 69361

Karrisa Neal

Harding University Searcy, AR 72149-5615

Amyslee Mathis

University of Nebraska College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Lincoln, NE 68583-0702

Barbara Pieper

Bayard Jr./Sr. High School 726 4th Avenue Bayard, NE 69334

0863 PER (EX 08560863)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Myocoba/2//Peruano/Etna. Market class: Peruano. Characteristics: 1a growth habit-bush-determinate, Mid-season maturity, days to maturity-95, days to flowering-55 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic (I gene resistant). PVP#: 200900276.

Adams (B18504)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Zenith/X12018. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (96 days)/3a Vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3), anthracnose (Race 73 &109). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(2): 253-259 (2021).

Alpena (N11283)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Medalist/N08003. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (99 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean Common Mosaic Virus (non-necrotic strains). Susceptibility: Bean Common Mosaic Virus (BV1, NL4, Mexican, NY15, and Florida Type). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 9(1): 10-14 (2015). PVP#: 201700007.

Aries (05106)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., Kelley Bean Co. Inc. Parentage: Matterhorn/NE94-75. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Early maturity (88 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest. PVP#: 201200165.

Aspen (ISB 565)—Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co. Parentage: Midnight Black Turtle/ISB 456. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90-100), days to maturity-91, 2a growth habit-erect, indeterminate, guides short or not developed, days to flowering-50 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight. Tolerant: halo blight, Rhizoctonia root rot, rust. PVP#: 9600251.

Avalanche (NDO12103)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: 96-177-01-01//Voyager/Black Knight. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: 2a growth habit- erect indeterminate, late-season maturity, days to maturity-103, days to flowering-55 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All races of necrotic strain), rust (40-42, 52-57, 59-61), air pollution. Susceptibility: white mold, anthracnose 7 & 73. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 5(2): 170-176 (2011). PVP#: 200900222.

Baja (99204)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., AmeriSeed LLC. Parentage: Winchester/85312. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early season maturity (80-90), 2b growth habit- erect, indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, days to maturity-84, days to flowering-45 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY 15, NL 8)/rust. PVP#: 200700298.

Bandit (B210237)—Breeder and vendor: Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. Parentage: T39/Midnight. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 53 days to 50% bloom. Tolerant: white mold. PVP#: 200700089.

Bella (PR1217-16)—Breeder and vendor: University of Puerto Rico Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS. Parentage: ‘Verano’//PR0003-124/‘Raven’. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: multiple disease–resistant, early maturity, erect plant architecture, and good pod-set cultivar adapted to the humid tropics. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV), Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV), bean golden yellow mosaic virus (BGYMV), common bacterial blight, and web blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 2(3): 187-189 (2008).

BELLAGIO (C06808)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: 101800/C03129. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Medium maturity (96 days), 3a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 43 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 73), Bean common mosaic virus (All strains), rust (Michigan Isolates). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All strains), common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolates), white mold (Michigan Isolates). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 4(3): 171-174 (2010). PVP#: 201100450.

Beryl R (RDG689)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: BelMiNeb-RMR-3/Beryl. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Early maturity (81 days), 3a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 42 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (All known races except 108), Bean common mosaic virus (Races controlled by the “I” gene). PVP#: 200600224.

Big Red (09351r)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., Trinidad/Benham Corp. Parentage: CELRK/Foxfire. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (92 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 42 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201400392.

BigHorn (ISB-20)—Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Company. Parentage: selected from USWA 12. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (91 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus, Curly Top, NY-15 Bean Mosaic, Bean mosaic virus 4. Susceptibility: yellow bean mosaic virus, Fusarium root rot. PVP#: 200200214.

Black Bear (12576)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Cooperative Elevator Company & ATM. Parentage: 05222/Jaguar. Market class: Black. Characteristics: late maturity (103 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 54 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene). Susceptibility: rust. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(2): 253-259 (2021). PVP#: 201800186.

Black Cat (06252)—Breeder and vendor: ADM Edible Bean Specialties, Inc., AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: Raven/99077. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (94 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 7). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73). PVP#: 201400412.

Black Tails (13489)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Cooperative Elevator Company & ATM. Parentage: Vigilant/Eclipse. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 47 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust/Bean common mosaic virus (I gene). PVP#: 201700205.

Blackhawk (B83302). Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Tuscola/CN49-242//Black Magic/3/Midnight. Market class: Black. Characteristics: late maturity (101 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 51 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Lambda), Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Tolerant: Rust (Michigan Isolates). Reference: Crop Science 30(3): 744-745 (1990). PVP#: 9000107. 1989.

Blackjack (GTS 0886)—Breeder and vendor: Gen-Tec Seeds, Limited. Parentage: T39/8/T39/PI 326418. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (94 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, not adapted to direct harvest, 41 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (1, 15), anthracnose (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta). Susceptibility: bacterial blight (common & fuscans), white mold. PVP#: 9200164.

Blizzard (08072)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Cooperative Elevator Company & ATM. Parentage: Vista/HMS Medalist. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (94 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene). PVP#: 201700206.

Canario 707 (UC Canario 707)—Breeder and vendor: University of California. Parentage: 84 VA-909/PAD 2. Market class: Yellow. Characteristics: late maturity (105 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem and branches, not adapted to direct harvest, 42 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). PVP#: 200300257.

Capri (C99833)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Cardinal/K94803. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity, days to maturity-97, 1a growth habit- bush, determinate with strong and erected stem and branches, days to flowering-37 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (Michigan isolates), Bean common mosaic virus (All Strains). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus, common bacterial blight. Reference: Crop Science 46(6): 2706-2707 (2006). PVP#: 200700411.

Cayenne (R12844)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: SR9-5/R09508. Market class: Small Red Bean. Characteristics: Medium maturity (97 days), 3a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus, common bacterial blight. Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73), rust (22:2). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 12(2): 194-198 (2018).

Centennial (CO 91212-4)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: Croissant/La Paz. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Type 2b growth habit, mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity- 98, days to flowering 47 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust resistance (Ur3), Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). PVP#: 201600259.

Chaparral (07323)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Trinity Genetics LLC. Parentage: Emperor/Red Kanner. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: Type 1a growth habit, days to maturity-93, mid-season maturity (90-100), days to flowering 42 (50% bloom). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 6), halo blight (Race 6). PVP#: 201600139.

Charro (P16901)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Eldorado/P11519. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: medium maturity (97 days), 3a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, 46 days to 50% bloom. Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73), common bacterial blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(2): 260-264 (2012).

Cisco (PT 84354)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers NK Seed Co. Parentage: Amber/Ivory. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15 & BV1), curly top. Susceptibility: rust, white mold. Tolerant: brown spot, common bacterial blight. PVP#: 9100026.

Clouseau (EX 08530714)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Pink Panther/ZAA3MntAAK. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 55 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (“I” gene resistance to all races), Aphanomyces root rot (All known). PVP#: 200700158.

Coho (K15601)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Red Cedar/K11916. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Medium maturity (99 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, 39 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus, common bacterial blight, anthracnose (Race 73). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3 & NL8), anthracnose (Race 7). Tolerant: root rot. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 14(2): 134-138 (2020).

Condor (B00101)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Phantom/Black Jack. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 49 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (7, 73), Bean common mosaic virus (All strains), rust (Michigan isolates). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All strains). Tolerant: white mold (Michigan isolates). Reference: Crop Science 45(2): 795-796 (2005). PVP#: 200500291.

Cowboy (11278)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Edible Bean Specialties, Inc. Parentage: La Paz/Sinaloa. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 54 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201600321.

Coyne (NE1-06-12)—Breeder and vendor: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Farmers Bean LLC. Parentage: G95023/Weihing//BelMiNeb-RMR-11). Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: 2b growth habit-upright indeterminate, mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-92, days to flowering-46 (50% bloom). Resistance: bean common rust (41, 44, 47, 53, 73, 108), common bacterial blight (Nebraska Isolates, SC-4A, and LB-72), Bean common mosaic virus. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 3(3): 219-222 (2009). PVP#: 200900303.

Cran 09 (bush Cran 09)—Breeder and vendor: GenTec, Inc. Parentage: UI 50/Taylor Hort. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Early maturity (86 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, not adapted to direct harvest, 41 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (15). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus (1), anthracnose (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta), common blight (phaseoli and fuscans), white mold. PVP#: 9200176.

Croissant (CO 23704)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: BelDakMi-RR-3/CO07010-2//WM2-93-5. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-104, 2b growth habit-erect, indeterminate, days to flowering-51 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust, Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). Susceptibility: white mold, anthracnose (73, Alpha & Delta). Tolerant: common bacterial blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 5(3): 299-303 (2011). PVP#: 200900274.

D83043 (D83043)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers NK Seed Co. Parentage: W-95-4/7383-2-3-1. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (97 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 52 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY 15, BV 1), rust (44). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Delta), rust (40, 46, 49, 51, 53, 58, 67). Tolerant: Fusarium root rot, white mold. PVP#: 8900190.

Desert Song (R11801)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: X07712/X07721. Market class: Flor de Junio. Characteristics: late maturity (100 days), 4a Indeterminate climbing, pods distributed throughout the plant, 41 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73), common bacterial blight, white mold. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 9(2): 133-137 (2015).

Draco (06107)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., Kelley Bean Co. Inc. Parentage: Matterhorn/Winchester. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 50 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201400414.

Drake (XP B279)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc., Asgrow Seed Company. Parentage: backcross I gene to Charlevoix. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: Early maturity (89 days), 1a bush- determinate, strong and erect stem and branches adapted to machine harvest, 47 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Similar: Charlevoix. PVP#: 9300225. 1993.

Durango (99230)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., AmeriSeed LLC. Parentage: Winchester/Chase. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early Season maturity (80-90), days to maturity-84, 2b growth habit-erect, indeterminate, days to flowering-45 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I), rust (Ur3). PVP#: 200700299.

Eclipse (ND9902621-2)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: Tacaragua/Nighthawk//Navigator. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest/45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Rust (82-84, 89-92, 95, 99, 40-42, 52-57, 59-61, 76, 79), Bean common mosaic virus(I), air pollution. Susceptibility: anthracnose (73), common blight, cold drought. Tolerant: Heat. Reference: Bean Improvement Cooperative 52:175 (2009). PVP#: 200500293.

Eiger (G16351)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Eldorado/G13467. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), 3a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3), anthracnose (Race 73 &109). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(2): 271-277 (2021).

Eldorado (P07863)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: AN-37/P02630. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 42 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Races 7 and 73), Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All strains), common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolate), rust (Michigan 22:2). Tolerant: white mold (Michigan isolates). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 6(3): 233-237 (2012). PVP#: 201500008.

Ember (D79144)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers NK Seed Co. Parentage: Limelight/UI 37. Market class: Small Red. Characteristics: Early maturity (84 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 47 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15 & BV1). PVP#: 9000234.

Ensign (ROG 372)—Breeder and vendor: Novartis Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Crestwood/D80024. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (91 days)/IIb erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 51 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3, NL8, NY15). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Alpha), common bacterial blight. Tolerant: anthracnose (73). PVP#: 9900273.

Epic (09430)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Trinity Genetics LLC. Parentage: 02-2668/Red Hawk. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: Type 1a growth habit, days to maturity-94, mid-season maturity (90-100), days to flowering- 39 (50% bloom). Susceptibility: anthracnose Race 6, halo blight Race 6. PVP#: 201600108.

Felspar—Breeder and vendor: Rogers Brothers Seed Co. Parentage: D80/UI 114. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Early Season (80-90), days to maturity-88, 3a growth habit- vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (BV & NY15). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight. PVP#: 8600089.

Fiesta Pinto (Pinto ISB 4-111)—Parentage: Pinto UI-111/F1 plant derived from a cross of Pinto UI-111 with a great northern cultivar. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (88 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 43 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Pod mottle virus, bean common mosaic virus (Type & NY-15 [others not tested]), mosaic mottled/black root/curly top. Susceptibility: Fusarium root rot. PVP#: 8200014.

Floyd (ROG312R)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Pk 771912-5/Sutter. Market class: Pink. Characteristics: Early maturity (84 days), 2a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (All except race 108). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus. PVP#: 200500211.

Galeena (99195MR)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., AmeriSeed LLC. Parentage: Winchester/NE 94-75. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (88 days), 2b erect growth habit- indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas), Bean common mosaic virus (NY15). PVP#: 201100006.

Gemini (99131 NS)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Kelley Bean Co. Inc. Parentage: Beryl/Winchester. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Early maturity (87 days), 3a vine- indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 39 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I-gene). Susceptibility: rust (All). PVP#: 200900463.

Grand Mesa (CO 75511)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: 34596-1/RNK-178. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (92 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 51 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Rust (Races 41, 53, 54), Bean common mosaic virus (Pathogroups I, II, III, IV, V, VI). Tolerant: Fusarium root rot. Reference: Crop Science 45(1): 413 (2005). PVP#: 200200156.

GTS 900 (GTS 900)—Breeder and vendor: Gen-Tec Seeds Limited. Parentage: Earliray/Sierra. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (91 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 41 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (1, 15)/anthracnose (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight (phaseoli and fuscans). PVP#: 9900252.

Guardian (D83353)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers NK Seed Co. Parentage: Red Kloud-4/Montcalm. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 1a bush- determinate, strong and erect stem and branches adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY 15, BV 1). PVP#: 8900192.

Gypsy Rose (R11806)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: X07710/X07714. Market class: Flor de Mayo. Characteristics: late maturity (105 days), 4a indeterminate climbing, pods distributed throughout the plant, 49 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73), common bacterial blight, white mold. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 9(2): 133-137 (2015).

Hatton (88-025-02)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: PX-057/87-071-01. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90-100), days to maturity-94, 3a growth habit- vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, days to flowering-41 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (Pathogroups I, II, III, IV, VII), air pollution. Susceptibility: rust (North Dakota isolates), white mold, common bacterial blight (North Dakota isolates). Reference: Crop Science 37(1): 288 (1997). PVP#: 9600109. 1995.

HMS Medalist (01054)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Cooperative Elevator Co. Parentage: Mayflower/Avanti. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: 2b growth habit-erect, indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-96, days to flowering-53 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene resistant), anthracnose (Race 7). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73 & 65). PVP#: 200700330.

Hooter (EX 386)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Cos 7/Etna. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (“I” gene resistance to all races), anthracnose (resistant/moderately resistant to Alpha, Delta, Gamma). PVP#: 9900244.

Horizon (XP-B212)—Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co. Parentage: backcrossing I gene with Sacramento. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Early maturity (83 days), 1a bush- determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene). PVP#: 8900217. 1990.

Hungerford (UIG4-6P-3P)—Breeder and vendor: University of Idaho. Parentage: Matterhorn/Starlight//Beryl/Weihing. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 3b vine-indeterminate, long guides with ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15, US6), rust (Race 38). Tolerant: rust (Race 53). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 2(3): 174-179 (2008). PVP/Patent #: 200900310.

Hydra (07111)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., Kelley Bean Co. Inc. Parentage: Emerson/99-3059-1. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Early maturity (89 days), 2b vine-indeterminate, long guides with ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201400415.

Indi (N5027557)—Breeder and vendor: Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. Parentage: Vista/Navigator. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 47 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene), rust (Race 53). Susceptibility: Bean common necrosis virus (NL3), anthracnose (Race 73), common bacterial blight (All). PVP#: 201000192.

Kimberly (UIP7-24P-2P)—Breeder and vendor: University of Idaho. Parentage: Poncho/G 17341//Kodiak/BelDakMi-RMR-14. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (97 days), 3b vine-indeterminate, long guides with ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 43 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15, US6), Bean common necrosis mosaic virus (NL-3K), rust (Race 38). Susceptibility: rust (Race 53). Tolerant: Fusarium root rot/curly top virus. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 2008, 2(3): 180-186. PVP#: 200900306.

Krimson (BD1003)—Breeder and vendor: USDA-ARS. Parentage: Cardinal/Ps98-302-5-5. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 1a bush- determinate, strong and erect stem and branches adapted to direct harvest, 35 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean curly top virus (Idaho, Washington), Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 6(1): 11-14 (2012). PVP#: 201100480.

La Paz (99236)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: PNE 6-94-75/Kodiak. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90 days), 3b vine-indeterminate, long guides with ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL8). PVP#: 200500219.

Lariat (ND 020069)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: T1255/’Aztec’//’Winchester’/3/P96753/4/’Maverick’. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: late maturity, days to maturity-100, 2b growth habit-erect, indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, days to flowering- 45 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (40-42, 52-57, 59-61), anthracnose (Race 7), air pollution. Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 4(1): 5-11 (2010). PVP#: 2000800305.

Long’s Peak (C055646)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: CO92905/CO75944. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (97 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb/adapted to direct harvest, 49 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (Ur 6), Bean common mosaic virus (NL 3). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 9(3): 279-282 (2015). PVP#: 201200395.

Loreto (00044)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., AmeriSeed, LLC.Parentage: Mackinac/Jaguar. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (96 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 52 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (UR3), Bean common mosaic virus (NL3 and NL8), anthracnose (Races 73 and 65). PVP#: 200700297.

Luckystrike (X1380012B)—Breeder and vendor: Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. Parentage: CAN47/G5707. Market class: Yellow. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All). Tolerant: common bacterial blight (Michigan). PVP#: 201000191.

Mariah (EX 08540800)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: H9657-42-2/Buster. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 50 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: BCMV (I), rust (Race 53). PVP#: 200700157.

Medicine Hat (EX 08550813)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: 98yt102/Buster. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (89 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed/adapted to direct harvest, 35 days to 50% bloom. Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15), rust (Race 53). PVP#: 200700160.

Merlin (03019)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Cooperative Elevator Co. Parentage: Mackinac/98-1184-1. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (94 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 49% days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I), anthracnose (Race 7), rust (Nebraska, Colorado, Kansas). PVP#: 201100392.

Merlot (R98026)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University & USDA-ARS. Parentage: R94037/R94161. Market class: Small Red. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Rust (Races 41, 53, 108)/Bean common mosaic virus (NL-1, NL-2, NL-7). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolates). Reference: Crop Science 44(1): 351-352 (2004). PVP#: 200500181.

Messina (ROG912)—Breeder and vendor: Novartis Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Cran 028(MSU)/MSU 81001. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Early maturity (83 days)/Ib bush-determinate, weak steam and branches/adapted to direct harvest, 40 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3, NL8, NY15, BV1, NL5), anthracnose (Alpha, Delta). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight, curly top virus, bacterial brown spot. PVP#: 200000184.

Monterrey (06185)—Breeder and vendor: ADM Edible Bean Specialties Inc., AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: La Paz/BelDakMi-RMR-14. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 43 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201300354.

ND Palomino (SF 103-8)—Breeder and vendor: North Dakota State University & USDA. Parentage: Santa Fe/PS08-103. Market class: Slow Darkening Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (102 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 42 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight, rust (20-3), anthracnose (Race 73). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 12(1): 15-20 (2018). PVP#: 201700085.

ND-307 (ND010307)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: USPT-CBB-3/Matterhorn//Maverick. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity, days to maturity-93, 3a growth habit-erect, indeterminate, runners short or not developed, days to flowering- 42 (50% bloom). Resistance: Rust (40-42, 52-57, 59-61, 68-70, Bean common mosaic virus, air pollution. Susceptibility: white mold (all), Bean common mosaic necrosis virus, anthracnose (Race 73). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 4(2): 109-114 (2020). PVP#: 200900009.

Orion (99124)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Kelley Bean Co. Inc. Parentage: Beryl/Matterhorn. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (all non-necrotic races). PVP#: 200400176.

Panhandle Pride—Breeder and vendor: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Farmers Bean LLC. Parentage: ABC-Weihing///G95023/Weihing//BelMiNeb-RMR-11). Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: 2b growth habit-upright indeterminate, Mid Season maturity (85-89), days to maturity-87, days to flowering-44 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean Common Rust (41, 44, 47, 53, 73, 108), common bacterial blight (Nebraska Isolates, SC-4A, LB-72), Bean common mosaic virus. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 13(3): 311-315 (2019). PVP pending.

Patron (DBY60-1)—Breeder and vendor: Oregon State University. Parentage: Peruano 87/3//Peruano 87/Cardinal. Market class: Yellow, Peruano, & Mayocoba. Characteristics: Medium maturity (100 days), 1a bush- determinant, strong and erect stem and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 42 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (BV1, NL4, Mexican, NY15, NL8, Western, NL2, Florida, Type, NL3, Idaho, I gene), curly top virus. Susceptibility: rust. PVP#: 201700233.

Pilgrim (PVD 865)—Breeder and vendor: Wilbur-Ellis Co. Parentage: (Taylor Cranberry x DB 610248) x DB 610525 x^2 Taylor Cranberry. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Early maturity (86 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, 35-37 days to 50% bloom, long burgundy splashed pods, very high yield capabilities, very concentrated bloom and pod set, seeds kidney shaped, similar color to cranberry, outstanding root system. Resistance: Fusarium root rot, Pythium wilt, Bean common mosaic virus (BV1, BV2 & NY15), bean yellow mosaic virus, curly top, leafhopper, two-spotted mites, heat, drought. Susceptibility: rust, halo blight, aphids, lygus, pod borer, air pollution. PVP#: 8300037. 1982.

Pinata (ISB 82-354)—Breeder and vendor: Idaho Seed Bean Co. Parentage: Red Mexican UI 36/Pinto UI 114. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: 3a growth habit-vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, early maturity (80-90), days to maturity-88, days to flowering-42 (50% bloom). Resistance: curly top virus, Bean common mosaic virus (NL 1&8). PVP#: 900171.

Powderhorn (G08254)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: G04514/Matterhorn. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Upright growth habit, days to maturity-95, medium maturity (90-100), days to flowering-42 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Races 7 & 73), Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All strains), common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolate), rust (Michigan isolate 22-2). Tolerant: white mold (Michigan isolates). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 8(1): 1-4 (2014). PVP#: 201500385.

Prize (GTS 0686)—Breeder and vendor: Gen-Tec Seeds, Limited. Parentage: C15 (Laker)/KW “Are”. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: late maturity (106 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (1, 15), anthracnose (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta). Susceptibility: bacterial blight (common & fuscans), white mold. PVP#: 9200186.

Radiant (12324-1)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, ADM Edible Bean Specialties, Inc. Parentage: Sinaloa/SDP 1533. Market class: Slow Darkening Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (83 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 53 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201600322.

Red Cedar (K1306)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: K06621/USDK-CBB-15. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: late maturity (101 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem and branches, 40 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: common bacterial blight/anthracnose (Race 73). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3 & NL8), rust (22:2). Tolerant: root rot. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 12(2): 199-202 (2018).

Red Dog (09354)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Trinidad/Benham Corp. Parentage: USWA 33/K-59. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Type 1a growth habit, days to maturity-93, days to flowering-43 (50% bloom), mid-season maturity (90-100). PVP#: 201500392.

Red Flag (09353)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Trinidad/Benham Corp. Parentage: Red Kloud/Chinook 2000. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Type 1a growth habit, days to maturity-94, Medium maturity (90-100), days to flowering-42 (50% bloom). PVP#: 201500390.

Red Rover (EX 08520700)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Drake/ZAA3MntAAK. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: Medium maturity (92 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 38 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (“I” gene resistance to all races), Aphanomyces root rot (none known). PVP#: 200700159.

Red Zone (09356)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Trinidad/Benham Corp. Parentage: USWA 33/Foxfire. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Type 1a growth habit, days to maturity-93, Midseason maturity (90-100), days to flowering-43 (50% bloom). PVP#: 201500391.

RedKanner (Cornell 10195)—Breeder and vendor: Cornell University. Parentage: Redkote/Redkloud. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: late maturity (105 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem and branches, 45 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 9900359.

Remington (ROG123)—Breeder and vendor: Novartis Seeds Inc., Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: PT84347(RR812607-4)/RR812659-19. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early-Mid Season maturity, days to maturity-91, 2b growth habit- erect, indeterminate, guides short or not developed, days to flowering-48 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL8, NY15), anthracnose (alpha, 73)/Rust (40, 48, 53). Tolerant: rust (44). PVP#: 9600337. 1996.

Rio Rojo (NDZ6249)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: Buster/VAX 3. Market class: Small Red. Characteristics: Medium maturity (100 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed/adapted to direct harvest, 52 days to 50% bloom. Susceptibility: rust (40-42, 52-57, 59-61, 20-4), anthracnose (Races 7 and 73), Bean common mosaic virus (NL-3). Tolerant: common bacterial blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 7(2): 130-134 (2013). PVP#: 201300090.

Ronnie’s Red (09360)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Trinidad Benham Corp. Parentage: USWA 33/Foxfire. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, adapted to direct harvest, 41 days to 50% bloom. Susceptibility: rust, Bean common mosaic virus (NL8), curly top virus. Tolerant: bacterial brown spot,/common bacterial blight. PVP#: 201900047.

Rosetta (S08418)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: S02754/S04503. Market class: Pink. Characteristics: Medium maturity (96 days), 3a vine-indeterminate, short guides with no ability to climb, 43 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 6(3): 229-232 (2012).

Rosie (ND061106)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: 992-203-10/02-317. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: late maturity (>100), days to maturity-106, 1a growth habit, days to flowering-43 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (Most Mesoamerican races), anthracnose (73), Bean common mosaic virus (NL-3). Tolerant: common bacterial blight, root rot, heat. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 11(1): 1-8 (2017). PVP#: 201500066.

RS 101—Breeder and vendor: Ronald D. & Leta L. Seacat. Parentage: Single Selection from Olathe mutant seed. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90-100), days to maturity-95, 2a growth habit-erect, indeterminate, guides short or not developed, days to flowering-41 (50% bloom). Resistance: Rust (40-42, 52-57, 59-61, 68-72, 76, 79, 82-84, 89-92, 95, 99). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus. Tolerant: White Mold. PVP#: 8500149.

Ruby (09304)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., ProVita, Inc. Parentage: 99238/Merlot. Market class: Small Red. Characteristics: Medium maturity (92 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 53 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201400393.

Ryder (ROG013)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc.—Vegetables. Parentage: Ember/Pc 874-SPS4-5-1. Market class: Small Red. Characteristics: Early maturity (88 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL8). PVP#: 200500212.

Samurai (G12901)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: G07321/Fuji. Market class: Otebo. Characteristics: Medium maturity (100 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73), Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (all strains), common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolate), rust (Michigan Isolate 22-2), white mold (Michigan Isolates). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 16(2): 109-114 (2016). PVP#: 201700125.

Santa Cruz (06189)—Breeder and vendor: ADM Edible Bean Specialties, Inc., AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: 99-2221/La Paz. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 46 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: PV201300355.

Santa Fe (P04205)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: P99119/G99750. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (91 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 7), Bean common mosaic virus (All strains), rust (Michigan isolates, Race 53). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All strains), common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolate). Tolerant: white mold (Michigan isolates). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 4(1): 12-16 (2010). PVP#: 201000269.

Santiago (RNK278)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co., Novartis Seeds Inc. Parentage: AR83-2/781898. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (92 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus. Susceptibility: rust (Races 41, 43, 44, 52), common bacterial blight. Tolerant: white mold, Fusarium root rot, curly top virus. PVP#: 9600019. 1995.

Sawtooth—Breeder and vendor: University of Idaho. Parentage: Matterhorn/Starlight//Beryl/Weihing. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), 3b vine-indeterminate, long guides with ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15, US6), Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (necrotic reaction), rust (Race 38). Tolerant: rust (Race 53). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 2(3): 174-179 (2008). PVP#: 200900305.

Scout (23ST-27)—Breeder and vendor: North Dakota State University & USDA. Parentage: Z0818-23/Stampede. Market class: Slow Darkening Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (100 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, not adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight, rust, anthracnose, white mold. PVP#: 201700187.

Seabiskit (N128420)—Breeder and vendor: Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. Parentage: Crestwood/Rogers 331. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 59 days to 50% bloom. Tolerant: white mold. PVP#: 200600056.

Seahawk (N97774)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Bunsi/Huron. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (97 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 7, 65), Bean common mosaic virus (all strains). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight (Michigan isolates), rust (Race 53). Tolerant: white mold (Michigan isolates). PVP#: 200300283.

Sedona (S00809)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: X94076/R94142. Market class: Pink. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity, days to maturity-93, 2b growth habit- erect, indeterminate, guides medium to long with no ability to climb, days to flowering-42 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (Michigan isolates), Bean common mosaic virus (NL-1, NL-2, NL-7). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight (Michigan isolates). Reference: Crop Science 46(6): 2707-2708 (2006). PVP#: 200700410.

Shania (B201240)—Breeder and vendor: Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. Parentage: T39/Midnight. Market class: Black. Characteristics: 2a growth habit-erect, indeterminate, guides short or not developed, mid-season maturity, days to maturity-98, days to flowering-47 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene), rust (53), drought, air pollution. Susceptibility: Bean common necrosis virus, anthracnose (Race 73), common bacterial blight. Tolerant: heat, cold. PVP#: 200800184.

Shiny Black Pearl (CO-29113)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: ARA 13/UI 906//H9652-5. Market class: Black. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, not adapted to direct harvest, 41 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Susceptibility: rust (Race 53), common bacterial blight. Reference: Bean Improvement Cooperative 212 (2011). PVP#: 201100048.

Shoshone (UIP 15-53)—Breeder and vendor: University of Idaho. Parentage: UIP15=H9657-42-2/3/’Poncho’/G 17341//’Kodiak’/BelDakMi-RMR-14. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-94, 3b growth habit- vine, indeterminate, days to flowering-45 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15 & US6), Bean common necrosis virus (NL-3K), rust (38). Tolerant: rust (53), Fusarium root rot, curly top virus, heat, drought. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 2(3): 180-186 (2008). PVP#: 200900304.

Sinaloa (06203)—Breeder and vendor: AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: 01-3564-1/La Paz. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (90 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 46 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (ur3 gene). PVP#: 201100007.

Snowden (K08961)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: K04604/USDK-CBB-15. Market class: White Kidney. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem and branches, not adapted to direct harvest, 36 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Races 73), Bean common mosaic virus (All strains). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (All strains), common bacterial blight (Michigan isolate), rust (Michigan isolate 22:2), white mold (Michigan isolates). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 6(3): 238-242 (2012). PVP#: 201500009.

Sonora (99233)—Breeder and vendor: AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: PNE 6-94-75/Winchester. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (89 days)/IIb erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 49 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust. Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus (All races). PVP#: 200700296.

Stampede (ND020351)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: 94-029-01-01/BDM-RMR-14. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-96, 2a growth habit-erect, indeterminate, guides short or not developed, days to flowering-42 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (40-42, 52-57, 59-61), Bean common mosaic virus (all races of necrotic strains), air pollution. Susceptibility: white mold. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 4(1): 5-11 (2010). PVP#: 200800304.

StayBright (COSD 35)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: Long’s Peak/CO 13484. Market class: Slow Darkening Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (98 days), upright growth habit, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (Races 38, 39, 40, 44, 45, 46, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 56, 59, 72), Bean common mosaic virus (NY15, NL3, NL4, NL8). PVP#: 201700230.

Sundance (COSD 07)—Breeder and vendor: Colorado State University. Parentage: CO 15542/Long’s Peak. Market class: Slow Darkening Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (94 days), upright growth habit, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: rust (Race 38, 39, 40, 44, 45, 46, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 56, 59, 72), Bean common mosaic virus (NL3). PVP#: 201700231.

SV1893GH (12-NAV-1200)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc. Parentage: Regent/RWR2381. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: late maturity (>100), days to maturity-106, days to flowering-49 (50% bloom), Resistance: rust (Race 53), Bean common mosaic virus (I), Aphanomyces. PVP#: 201500339.

SV6139GR (12-PIN-1012)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc. Parentage: Windbreaker/Medicine Hat. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: upright short vine growth habit, late maturity, days to maturity- 101, days to flowering-49 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (Race 53), Bean common mosaic virus (I). PVP#: 201500316.

SV6533GR (12-PIN-1214)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc. Parentage: Windbreaker/Medicine Hat. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: late maturity (>100), days to maturity-101, days to flowering-47 (50% bloom), upright short vine growth habit. Resistance: rust (Race 53), Bean common mosaic virus (I). PVP#: 201500317.

SV6894GB (12-BKB-1213)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc. Parentage: B01741/B0866. Market class: Black. Characteristics: upright determinate growth habit, late maturity (>100), days to maturity-104, days to flowering-49 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I gene resistance), anthracnose (Races 73, 105-Co2 gene resistance). PVP#: 201500297.

SVS 0815 (EX 0850815)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds Inc. Parentage: 97YT85/Matterhorn. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (96 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I), rust (Race 53). PVP#: 201000301.

Talon (ND061210)—Breeder and vendor: NDSU Research Foundation. Parentage: 02-367-16-09-01///////Foxfire/01-471//////00-615/Montcalm/////92-229R-01/Redhawk////89-161-13/Montcalm///Montcalm/89-067//Red Kloud/I89005. Market class: Dark Red Kidney. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-100, 1a growth habit, days to flowering-43 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (most Mesoamerican races), anthracnose (Race 73), Bean common mosaic virus (NL-3). Tolerant: common bacterial blight, root rot. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 11(1): 1-8 (2017). PVP#: 201500067.

Taurus (03138)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., Kelley Bean Co. Inc. Parentage: Matterhorn/97-889-6. Market class: Great Northern. Characteristics: Medium maturity (93 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb/adapted to direct harvest, 54 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201400387.

Topaz R (ROG123R)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: BelDakMi-RMR-11/Topaz. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: early maturity (83 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb/adapted to direct harvest, 44 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (NL8), rust (all known races except 108). PVP#: 200500213.

Torreon (06206)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, ADM Edible Bean Specialties, Inc. Parentage: 01-3564-1/La Paz. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early maturity (89 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201600323.

Tuscola (MSU Strain #8467)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: Single plant selection of a diallel cross with 10 true-breeding strains. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: medium maturity (92 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 2), halo bight, Bean common mosaic virus (NY 15). Susceptibility: rust, bacterial wilt, curly top virus, powdery mildew, root-knot nematode/yellow bean mosaic virus, Fusarium root rot. PVP#: 7900075. 1977.

UC Rio Zape—Breeder and vendor: University of California, Davis, Foundation Seed Program, UC Davis. Parentage: 1/64 Matterhorn, 63/64 Rio Zape. Market class: Heirloom-like dry bean. Characteristics: late maturity, highly viny race Durango type, very high yield potential in Southwestern USA, but may have low yields in other locations due to partial photoperiod sensitivity and selection in a dry climate. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Public release. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(1): 37-42 (2021).

UC Southwest Gold—Breeder and vendor: University of California, Davis, Foundation Seed Program, UC Davis. Parentage: UCD Pink 9634/Zuni Gold. Market class: Heirloom-like dry bean. Characteristics: Early maturity, compact indeterminate, high yield, heat tolerant. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Public release. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(1): 48-52 (2021).

UC Southwest Red—Breeder and vendor: University of California, Davis, Foundation Seed Program, UC Davis. Parentage: UCD Pink 9634/Zuni Gold. Market class: Heirloom-like dry bean. Characteristics: Early maturity, compact indeterminate, high yield, heat tolerant. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Public release. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(1): 21-27 (2021).

UC Sunrise—Breeder and vendor: University of California, Davis, Foundation Seed Program, UC Davis. Parentage: UCD Pink 9634/Zuni Gold. Market class: Heirloom-like dry bean. Characteristics: Medium maturity, heat tolerant, vine. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Public release. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(1): 43-47 (2021).

UC Tiger’s Eye—Breeder and vendor: University of California, Davis, Foundation Seed Program, UC Davis. Parentage: 1/16 UC Canario 707, 15/16 Tiger’s Eye. Market class: Heirloom-like dry bean. Characteristics: Early maturity, compact indeterminate, high yield, heat tolerant. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (I). Public release. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(1): 16-20 (2021)

Vero (C213259)—Breeder and vendor: Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., ADM Edible Bean Specialties, Inc. Parentage: Etna/H9678-41. Market class: Cranberry. Characteristics: Mid-season maturity (90-100), days to maturity-97, days to flowering-39 (50% bloom), 1a growth habit. PVP#: 201500286.

Vibrant (11258)—Breeder and vendor: ADM Edible Bean Specialties, Inc., AmeriSeed, LLC. Parentage: SDP1533/Sinaloa. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: early maturity (90 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb/adapted to direct harvest/53 days to 50% bloom. PVP#: 201400413.

Vigilant (02084)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita, Inc., Cooperative Elevator Co. Parentage: 98-1570-1/Navigator. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: early maturity (86 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb/adapted to direct harvest. PVP#: 201200164.

Viper (09303)—Breeder and vendor: ProVita Inc., Trinity Genetics LLC. Parentage: Merlot/99238. Market class: Small Red. Characteristics: Type 2b growth habit, days to maturity-100, medium maturity (90-100), days to flowering-53 (50% bloom). PVP#: 201500389.

Vision (XP B310)—Breeder and vendor: Asgrow Seed Co., Seminis Vegetable Seeds, INC. Parentage: Midnight Black Turtle/Agate. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90-100), days to maturity-92, 2b growth habit- erect, indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, days to flowering-50 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (Race 40, 53). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic virus (NY15). Tolerant: air pollution. PVP#: 9600130. 1995.

Vista (GTS 0286)—Breeder and vendor: Gen-Tec Seeds, Limited. Parentage: C-20/3/GTS 0181-1/Seafarer. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: late maturity (102 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 43 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (1, 15)/anthracnose (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta). Susceptibility: common bacterial blight, Bean common mosaic necrosis. PVP#: 9200046.

Voyager (RNK303)—Breeder and vendor: Novartis Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Aurora/782253. Market class: Navy. Characteristics: Medium maturity (90-100), days to maturity-92, 2b growth habit- bush-determinate, weak stem and branches, days to flowering-47 (50% bloom). Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (Serotype B). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Races Alpha & 73). Tolerant: anthracnose (Delta). PVP#: 9600020. 1995.

Wallace (773-V98)—Breeder and vendor: Cornell University. Parentage: CELRK/Red Kanner. Market class: Light Red Kidney. Characteristics: Early maturity (80-90), days to maturity- 89, 1a growth habit- bush-determinate, days to flowering- 38 (50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus. Susceptibility: white mold, common bacterial blight. Tolerant: rust, heat, cold, drought. PVP#: 200900281.

Winchester (ROG171)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers Seed Co./Novartis Seeds Inc., Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: 86277/84350. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Early- mid-season maturity, days to maturity-92, 2b growth habit- erect, indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, days to flowering-43 (50% bloom). Resistance: rust (40, 54), anthracnose (Race Alpha), Bean common mosaic virus (Western, NL 4, NL 8, NY15, NL3). Susceptibility: anthracnose (Race 73), Bean common mosaic virus (NL5). PVP#: 9600338. 1996.

Windbreaker (XP 08530762)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Buster/Matterhorn. Market class: Pinto. Characteristics: Medium maturity (95 days), 2b erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides medium to long, with no ability to climb, adapted to direct harvest, 54 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus, rust (Race 53). PVP#: 200500105.

Yellowstone (Y16507)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: PR1146-123/Y11405. Market class: Yellow. Characteristics: Medium maturity (94 days), 1a bush-determinate, strong and erect stem, and branches, 41 days to 50% bloom. Susceptibility: anthracnose (Races 2 & 7), common bacterial blight. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 15(2): 265-270 (2021).

Zenith (B10244)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: 804644/Zorro. Market class: Black. Characteristics: medium maturity (100 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 45 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 73), Bean common mosaic virus (non-necrotic strains). Susceptibility: rust, common bacterial blight, Bean common mosaic virus (BV1, NL4, Mexican, NY15, Florida). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 9(1): 5-20 (2015). PVP#: 201700006.

Zircon (D76063)—Breeder and vendor: Rogers Brothers Seed Co. Parentage: Aurora/Adjutant. Market class: Small White. Characteristics: medium maturity (93 days), 4a Indeterminate climbing, pods distributed throughout the plant, 47 days to first bloom. Resistance: Bean common mosaic virus (BV1 & NY15), curly top. Adaptation: Iowa, Washington, California. PVP#: 8200066. 1982.

Zorro (B04554)—Breeder and vendor: Michigan State University. Parentage: B00103//B00103/X00822. Market class: Black. Characteristics: medium maturity (96 days), 2a erect growth habit-indeterminate, guides (runners) short or not developed, adapted to direct harvest, 48 days to 50% bloom. Resistance: anthracnose (Race 7), Bean common mosaic virus (all strains), rust (Michigan isolates). Susceptibility: Bean common mosaic necrosis (All strains). Tolerant: common bacterial blight (Michigan Isolate), white mold (Michigan Isolate). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 3(3): 226-230 (2009). PVP#: 201000268.

BEAN-GARDEN

Jim Myers and Ahmet Agir

Department of Horticulture Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-7304

Accelerate (TR67-059-111000, UW3)—Breeder: Univ. Wisc.-Madison. Vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Eagle/Puebla 152//Hystyle///Hercules. Characteristics: Garden bean, 53 days, determinate, 6.5” medium green pods, 5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, Aphanomyces root rot, IR: brown spot. Similar: Hystyle. PVP certificate no. 201000216. 2012.

Adele—Breeder: Ron Riley. Vendor: Basin Seed Co. Parentage: Teresa/Venda. Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 60 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: Serengeti. PVP certificate no. 201400038. 2014.

Affirmed (SV0579GG)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Profit/Trueblue//Festina/Banquet/Labrador. Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 56 days, determinate and compact, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 4 sieve. Performs well in high fertility soils where lodging can be a problem, adapted to cool season conditions. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight (race 1, 2) anthracnose (alpha, delta), BCTV, Fusarium yellows, pink root rot. Similar: Bronco. US Patent no. 9788511. PVP certificate no. 201800100. 2019.

Aldrin (HMX 3122)—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market, 56 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” glossy medium dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV and Rust. Similar: Lewis. US Patent no. 9603326. 2017.

Alonso (PV-864)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Parentage: Poseidon x Bourgondia. Characteristics: Romano, 60 days, determinate and upright, 6.3” medium dark=k green flat pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (lambda), halo blight (race 2). Similar: Roma II. PVP certificate no. 201800169. 2018.

Andalor (PV-791)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 57 days, 4.7”, golden yellow pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Annihilator—Breeder: Basin Seed Co. Vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Dusky/Castano. Characteristics: Garden bean, 54 days, determinate and compact, 5.8”dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: Dominator. PVP certificate no. 201400360. 2015.

Astoria (CMG-5003B)—Breeder: Jeff Safe. Vendor: Crites Seeds, Inc. Parentage: OR91G//Easy Harvest/OSU 5090. Characteristics: Garden bean, 52 days, determinate, 6” dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV S: brown spot. Similar: OR91G. PVP certificate no. 201100299. 2013.

Astun—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Roma II/9C2615B//Forum. Characteristics: Romano bean, 57 days, determinate and upright, 6” light green pods. Similar: Roma II. PVP certificate no. 200300178. 2003.

Astute—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Processing, 55 days, determinate and compact, 4.7” medium green pods, 1-2 sieve. Performs well in heavy soils. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight race 2, anthracnose races 17 and 23, rust race 38. Adaptation: NE U.S.

BA0958 (FMGC6V0958)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik and George Kotch. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Brio/Hypak//Brio///Barracuda/4/Bronco/Carlo. Characteristics: Fresh market, 57 days, determinate and upright, 2-3” medium green straight smooth pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: halo blight. Similar: Valentino. Adaptation: NE U.S. PVP certificate no. 201200435. 2013.

BA0999 (FIVC6V0999)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik and George Kotch. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Tempest/Benton//Hypak/True Blue. Characteristics: Fresh market, 52 days, determinate, 5.5” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: BCMV. Similar: Hystyle. Adaptation: NE U.S. PVP certificate no. 201300181. 2013.

BA1001 (FIVC6V1001)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik and George Kotch. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Hercules//Calif. Light Red Kidney/PI209488. Characteristics: Processing, 58 days, determinate, 5.9” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: halo blight, Aphanomyces root rot. Similar: Hystyle. Adaptation: NE U.S. PVP certificate no. 201300182. 2013.

BA1006—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Fresh market, 55 days, determinate, 2.3” medium green pods, 3-4 sieve. Easy picking pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: halo blight. Adaptation: NE U.S.

Baltimore (PV-819)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Parentage: Dusky/Venice. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 5”, dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Heat and cold tolerant Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight (race 2), anthracnose (race 2). Similar: Messi. PVP certificate no. 201600087. 2016.

Banga (RS08011265)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Ottawa/Booster. Characteristics: Processing (whole), 55 days, determinate, compact and upright, 4.3” medium green pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: BCMV, brown spot, anthracnose (races alpha, delta, gamma & lambda). Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 200800017. 2008.

Barron (H28121)—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 54 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight, brown spot, IR: common blight. Similar: Hystyle. US Patent no. 8697955. 2014.

BB 4921—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 56 days, determinate, 4.5-5” medium dark green pods, 1-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight.

BBL 156 II—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Processing Romano bean, 56 days, determinate, 5.9” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV.

Belfiore (PV-746)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 58 days, 5”, medium dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Bellini—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 57 days, 4.7” medium dark green pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Bentley—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 54 days, 4.5”, very dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Bermuda (PV-733)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 57 days, 5” medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Bison (PV-801)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Parentage: Valentino/Dusky. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 5,4”, dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race lambda), rust (race 41, 49). Similar: Buffalo. PVP certificate no. 201300434. 2014.

Black Valentine—Breeder: Peter Henderson Co. Vendor: Seed Savors Exchange Characteristics: Heirloom garden bean, 55 days, determinate but long internodes, 6” oval stringy pods, black seeds and purple flowers, tolerant of cool temperatures. <1897.

Blue Lagoon (OR54, OSU 5402)—Breeder: J.R. Baggett, OSU. Vendor: Petoseed Inc. (Bayer) Parentage: Renaming of Oregon 54 by J. Waltrip, Petoseed for the home garden and European trade. Characteristics: Processing and Fresh market, bush blue lake green bean, 54 days, determinate and vigorous plants, 6” very dark green pods, 5-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: OR91G. 1980.

Bogey—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 58 days, 4.7” dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Bowie (H37118)—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, determinate and upright, 56 days, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight, IR: common blight. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 8173876. 2012.

Bridger (HMX 4104)—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Processing, 52 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Blue lake flavor. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV IR: brown spot, halo blight. Similar: Chisolm. US Patent no. 10201147. 2019.

Buffalo (PV-803)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 56 days, 5.5”, dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot, halo blight, anthracnose, rust (races 41 and 49). US Patent no. 9107361.

Cabot (H26107)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Garden bean, 55 days, determinate and upright, medium-dark green 5.5” pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, Rust, common blight, IR: BCTV halo blight, brown spot. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 8053643. 2011.

Camaro—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 55 days, 5.7”, medium green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight.

Cantare—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 55 days, 4.5”, medium green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Caprice (210944)—Breeder: Steve Magnuson. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 56 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium-dark, green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose, halo blight, common blight, IR: brown spot. Similar: Minuette. US Patent no. 6835876. 2004.

Carson—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Dorabel/Lazer. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing wax bean, 53 days, determinate and compact, 5.5” uniform, bright yellow pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose race 7, IR: brown spot. Similar: Goldrush. PVP certificate no. 200400034. 2007.

Cascade Giant (OSU 5398)—Breeder: J.R. Baggett. Vendor: Oregon State University Parentage: OR Giant/4/BBL290/OR58///OR1604//OR190/USDA5996. Characteristics: Fresh market pole bean, 70 days, indeterminate climber, 9” light medium green stripped pods. Round stringless pods. Similar: Oregon Giant. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest. 1991.

Cassidy (H26109)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Processing, 56 days, determinate and upright, 5.3” medium dark green pods, broadly adapted, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight, IR: brown spot, common blight. Similar: Pike. US Patent no. 8039697. 2011.

Cavani—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 58 days, 5”, medium dark green pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Chica—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 55 days, 4.6”, medium dark green pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Chisolm (H28105)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 56 days, determinate and upright, 5.9” medium dark green pods, 4-5 sieve, slow seed development, vigorous root structure. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, IR: halo blight, brown spot. Similar: Hystyle. US Patent no. 8173875. 2011.

Clarke (H37113)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market, 56 days, determinate and upright, 5” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, rust, IR: BCTV, halo blight, common blight. Similar: Ambra. US Patent no. 8222496. 2012.

Climbing French—Breeder and vendor: Heritage variety, Seed Savers Exchange. Characteristics: Fresh market wax pole bean, 65-75 days, 4.7” yellow pods, lilac flowers and dark-purple seeds. Vining sport out of the Canadian Wonder group. Similar: Canadian Wonder. <1931.

Colter (HMX 2117)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 53 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, Rust. Similar: Wyatt. US Patent no. 9439376. 2016.

Competitor—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Processing blue lake type green bean, 56 days, determinate, 5.9” dark green pods, with slow seed development, 5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Adaptation: Northern U.S.

Concador—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 57 days, 4.7”, golden yellow pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Cosmos (BSC 8397)—Breeder: Ted Lund. Vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Ambassador/Hystyle. Characteristics: Garden bean, 54 days, determinate, 6-6.5” pods. Slow seed development and 4-5 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV. Similar: Hystyle. PVP certificate no. 201100047. 2011.

CR-1218—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Garden bean, 54 days, 5.5”, medium dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: brown spot.

Crockett (H24956)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, determinate and upright, 5.25” deep green pods, 2-3 sieve. Hand harvest over extended period of time. Resistance: IR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight, brown spot, rust, common blight. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 7439423. 2008.

Desoto (HMX 5106)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market, 57 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 3-4 sieve, upright, easy picking, high percentage of capped pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, rust. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 10136610. 2018.

Desperado (SB4679)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Camp/Labrador//Masai///Celtic//Champ/Labrador/4/Castano/5/Storm. Characteristics: Fresh market, 63 days, determinate, 5.5” dark green glossy pods, 4 sieve. Similar: Prevail. PVP certificate no. 201900009. 2021.

Dinasty (BSC 874)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Corumba/[breeder’s line]. Characteristics: Garden bean, determinate, 5.5-6” dark green pods. 3-4 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight (races 1 and 2), anthracnose (race 6), S: BCTV. Similar: Paloma. PVP certificate no. 201300123. 2013.

Diplomat (SB4252)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Labrador/Champ//Labrador/Champ///Masai//Labrador/Champ. Characteristics: Garden green bean, 56 days, determinate and upright, 4.7” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Similar: Labrador. US Patent no. 7129400. PVP certificate no. 200500166. 2007.

DMC 04-01—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 59 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green pods, 5 sieve. Resistance: HR, BCMV, Aphanomyces root rot, brown spot, white mold. Similar: EZ-Pick. PVP certificate no. 9300002. 1993.

DMC 04-04—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing green bean, large sieve blue lake type, 60 days, determinate and upright, 6-6.3” dark green pods, 5-6 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: DMC 04-94. PVP certificate no. 9200116. 1992.

DMC 04-05—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 63 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium green pods, 4-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: Aphanomyces root rot, brown spot. Similar: DMC 04-04 and DMC 04-88. PVP certificate no. 9600181. 1996.

DMC 04-14—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 60 days, determinate, 5-5.5” medium green pods, 5-6 sieve. Heat and cold tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, brown spot. Similar: DMC 04-59. PVP certificate no. 9200199. 1993.

DMC 04-34—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 58 days, determinate, 5.5-6” dark green pods, 4-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: DMC 04-59. PVP certificate no. 9200117. 1992.

DMC 04-60—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 61 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot. Similar: DMC 04-04. PVP certificate no. 9200231. 1992.

DMC 04-61—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 61 days, determinate and upright, 5.5-6” medium green pods, 4-6 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot. Similar: DMC 04-60. PVP certificate no. 9200232. 1993.

DMC 04-80—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 61 days, determinate and upright, 5.5-6” dark green pods, 4-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: Aphanomyces root rot, brown spot. Similar: DMC 04-88. PVP certificate no. 9600182. 1996.

DMC 04-88—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 60 days, determinate and upright, 5” dark green pods, 4-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, Aphanomyces root rot, brown spot. Similar: BBL 290, Labrador. PVP certificate no. 9200048. 1992.

DMC 04-94—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Processing blue lake green bean, 60 days, determinate and upright, 4.5-5” dark green pods, 4-6 sieve. Cold tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, Aphanomyces root rot, brown spot. Similar: DMC 04-88. PVP certificate no. 9200118. 1992.

DMC 06-01—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Romano green bean, 63 days, determinate with long internodes, 5.5” medium green flat pods, Resistance: HR: brown spot. Similar: Bush Romano. PVP certificate no. 9200119. 1992.

DMC 06-39—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Romano green bean, 61 days, determinate with long internodes, 5.5” dark green flat pods. Resistance: HR: brown spot. Similar: Bush Romano. PVP certificate no. 9200120. 1993.

DMC 08-02—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Wax processing bean, 62 days, determinate and upright, 6-6.5” yellow pods, 5-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: Aphanomyces root rot, brown spot. Similar: Goldrush. PVP certificate no. 9200201. 1993.

DMC 08-52—Breeder and vendor: Del Monte Corp. Characteristics: Wax processing bean, 60 days, determinate with long internodes, 6-6.5” light yellow pods, 4-5 sieve. Heat tolerant Resistance: HR: brown spot. Similar: Goldrush. PVP certificate no. 9200121. 1992.

Dominator—Breeder: Ron Riley, Basin Seeds. Vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Dusky/Castano. Characteristics: Garden bean, 54 days, determinate and compact, 6” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: Castano. PVP certificate no. 201400036. 2014.

Douglas—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 60 days, 5.5”, dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

Duke—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Valiant/8/OSU 4883/Spurt/5/Harvester/Tendercrop//Gallatin 50///OSU 1604M/4/OSU 4117-2/6/Benton/4/Spurt//Spurt/OSU 4883/3/Eagle/7/I243//Labrador/Champ. Characteristics: Garden bean, 58 days, determinate, 6” medium green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV. Similar: Opus. PVP certificate no. 200700424. 2008.

Dulcina (BSC 894)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Roma II/Dominic Bleton population. Characteristics: Romano bean, 53 days, determinate and upright, 6” dark green pods, slow seed development. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Roma II. PVP certificate no. 201300010. 2013.

Ebro—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Romano bean, 53 days, determinate, 5.5” medium-green pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: white mold. Similar: Gina.

Elegance—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 54 days, determinate, 4.5-5” medium green pods, 1-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, anthracnose.

Eliminator—Breeder: Ron Riley. Vendor: Basin Seed Co. Parentage: Espada/Wintergreen//Champ/Rolong///Matador. Characteristics: Fresh market/Processing, 65 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods. 4 sieve. Intermediate heat tolerance, resistant to whiteflies. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, IR: brown spot. Similar: Bronco. PVP certificate no. 200800064. 2008.

Embassy—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: BARC #7/Stride//Labrador/Benton///Champ/Endurance//Hypak. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 53 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot. Similar: Labrador. PVP certificate no. 200500259. 2007.

Endeavour (HS-698)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Parentage: Tasman/H 4410. Characteristics: Processing bean, 72 days, determinate and upright, 6” dark green creaseback pods, 4 sieve. Intermediate heat resistance. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race 6), halo blight (races 1 and 2). Similar: Nelson. PVP certificate no. 201100145. 2011.

Esquire (SB4247)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: OR54/E42A1. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 57 days, determinate and upright, 5.5-6” dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV, halo blight, brown spot, white mold. Similar: BBL 156. PVP certificate no. 200100215. 2002.

F26—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 57 days, determinate, 8.5” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: brown spot.

Falcao—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 59 days, 4.7”, dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Ferrari—Breeder: Bakker Brothers. Vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 55 days, determinate, 5” dark green glossy pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose, IR: CMV.

Furano (SB4434)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Tapia/Cerler. Characteristics: Romano bean for processing, 62 days, determinate and spreading, 5” light green flat pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Tapia. PVP certificate no. 201100155. 2011.

Galveston (S84326)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: NY5223/6/Masai/4/Dobby/OSU4094-1-1//OSU1604M/Dobby///Pixie/5/Champ (Trophy)/Labrador. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 62 days, determinate and compact, 4.7” dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Caprice. PVP certificate no. 200900237. 2009.

GB 72—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Processing Romano bean, 57 days, determinate, 5.5” medium green flat pods. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: brown spot, halo blight, rust.

Gerritsun—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 57 days, 5”, golden yellow pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Gold Dust (EX 15340806)—Breeder: George Kotch and Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Hystyle/Gold Mine//Indio Gold. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing wax bean, 55 days, determinate and upright, 4.7” yellow pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Gold Mine. PVP certificate no. 200900319. 2009.

Gold Ribbon (EX08120703)—Breeder: George Kotch. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Gold Mine/Hystyle. Characteristics: Wax bean for processing, 55 days, determinate, wide bush, 4.7” yellow pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot. Similar: Gold Mine. PVP certificate no. 200600215. 2008.

Golden Goal (PV-833)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Parentage: Hercules/Yellowstone. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing wax bean, 57 days, 5.5”, golden yellow pods, 4-5 sieve. Heat and cold tolerant Resistance: HR: BCMV, rust (race 49). Similar: Sonesta. PVP certificate no. 201600084. 2017.

Goldilocks (BSC825)—Breeder: Gopesh Saha. Vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Violetta/Yellowstone. Characteristics: Wax bean, 60 days, determinate and upright, 5-6” yellow pods, 3 sieve. Heat tolerant Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race lambda), rust (race 54), halo blight (races 1 and 2). Similar: Gold Mine. PVP certificate no. 201900007. 2020.

Goldplay—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 59 days, 4.5”, golden yellow pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Goldstrike (PV-946)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market wax bean, 57 days, 5.5”, medium yellow pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight.

Green Valley (EX 15340770)—Breeder: George Kotch and Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Festina/Opus. Characteristics: Fresh market shipping bean, 54 days, determinate and compact, 5” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Intermediate cold tolerance. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Opus. PVP certificate no. 200900051. 2009.

Hawaii—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 59 days, 4.9”, medium dark green pods, 1 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Hayden—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Venture/9/BBL 290/5/TN 31///Harvester/Tendercrop//Gallatin 50/4/OSU 58-30/6/Slenderette/7/Forum/8/XB233/4/Harvester/Tendercrop//Gallatin 50///OSU1604/5/OSU488/Spurt/10/Envy. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 52 days, determinate and spreading, 5.5” medium green pods, 5-6 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: BBL156. PVP certificate no. 200600053. 2007.

Herrera—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Bush Romano 350/VR Romano/5/HM942/4/Bush Romano 635///FM-1/Glamis//Greencrop. Characteristics: Romano processing bean, 55 days, determinate, 5-5.5” medium green flat pods. Resistance: IR: brown spot. Similar: Roma II. PVP certificate no. 200600170. 2007.

Hickok (H26106)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 54 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, rust, IR: BCTV. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 7514608. 2009.

HM 5101 (H25101)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Parentage: Xera/Venture//Hypak/Savannah///Minuette/Xera/4/Concesa/5/Xera/Hypak//Hypak/Xera/Venture///Minuette//Xera/Savannah. Characteristics: Processing, 55 days, determinate & moderately upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV, brown spot. Similar: Hystyle. US Patent no. 7645924. PVP certificate no. 201000079. 2010.

Homerun—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and green bean, 58 days, 6”, dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: halo blight.

Hudson (HS-1419)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Parentage: Hercules/Nelson. Characteristics: Garden bean, 72 days, determinate, 6” dark green creaseback pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Hercules. PVP certificate no. 201100054. 2011.

Huntington (SB4285)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Processing, 56 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark pods, 5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: brown spot. Similar: Esquire. US Patent no. 7759557.

Ideal Market—Breeder: Heritage variety. Vendor: Chris Reuter Seed Co., Corneli Seed Company Characteristics: Fresh market/processing pole bean (6’ vines), 65-70 days, indeterminate, 5” oval stringless pods, colored seeds and flowers. According to SSE, introduced as ‘Black Creaseback in 1914 by Van Antwerp’s Seed Store, then reintroduced in 1924 by Chris Reuter Seed Co. of New Orleans, LA, as ‘Reuter’s Ideal Market’. <1914.

Jade II (SB4545)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Jade/Renegade. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 62 days, determinate and upright, 6.3” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Similar: Jade. PVP certificate no. 201100525. 2013.

Jaguar (PV-905)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 58 days, 5.7”, very dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust. Similar: Messi. US Patent no. 10561110. 2020.

Kendo (BSC 808)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Normara/Kylian. Characteristics: Garden bean, 56 days, determinate, 4.5” medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race 6), halo blight (races 1 and 2), IR: brown spot. Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 201300124. 2013.

Koala—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 58 days, 4.7”, medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Kylian—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 60 days, 4.7”, medium dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Kysia (PV-753)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Parentage: Chica/Cruiser. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 4.7”, dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race lambda), rust (race 49), halo blight (race 2). Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 201600085. 2016.

Lasalle (HMX 5107)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market, 54 days, 5.3” dark green pods, 4 sieve, strong heat tolerance. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: halo blight, brown spot, common blight. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 10426126. 2019.

Lavezzi (PV-918)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 60 days, 5”, medium dark green pods, 1 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Lewis (H37112)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 53 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight, rust, IR: brown spot. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 8058521. 2011.

Lomami—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 59 days, 5.5”, medium dark green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

Maserati—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 56 days, 5”, very dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Memphis (PV-933)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing Romano, 58 days, 6.7”, medium dark green pods, sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Mendoza (HS-619)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Parentage: Mendoza/HS-521. Characteristics: Romano bean, 70 days, determinate and upright, 6.25” medium green flat pods. Resistance: HR: anthracnose (race 6), IR: halo blight (race 113). Similar: Ebro. PVP certificate no. 201300358. 2013.

Messi (PV-844)—Breeder: Gerthon van de Bunt. Vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Parentage: Pike/Bison. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 59 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race lambda), rust (race 49). Similar: Bison. PVP certificate no. 201600086. 2016.

Minidor—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 57 days, 5”, medium yellow pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Moonstone—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 57 days, 5.5”, very dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

Mustang—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 59 days, 5”, medium dark green pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose IR: brown spot.

Napoleon—Breeder: Ron Riley. Vendor: Basin Seed Co. Parentage: Strike/Wintergreen//Rolatin///Masai. Characteristics: Fresh market/Processing, 56 days, determinate, 3.7” medium green pods. 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 201400037. 2014.

Nash—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: BARC #7//BBL 47/Spurt///Labrador/Champ/9/BBL290/4/Harvester/Tendercrop//Gallatin 50///OSU 58-30/5/Slenderette/6/BX-210-1-2/7/Forum/8/XB233/4/Harvester/Tendercrop//Gallatin 50///OSU1604/5/OSU488/Spurt. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 56 days, determinate, 5.5” medium green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV. Similar: Dusky. PVP certificate no. 200700414. 2008.

Navajo—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing Romano, 55 days, 6”, medium dark green pods, sieve. Resistance: HR: anthracnose.

Nevada (PV-750)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 57 days, 5”, medium green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

NY6020-5—Breeder: Mike Dickson. Vendor: Cornell University. Characteristics: Garden bean, late maturing, short pale green oval pods, determinate with long internodes and large leaves. Experimental line developed for white mold resistance. Resistance: white mold. 1987.

Oakley (H29126)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Processing, 55 days, 5” medium dark green pods, outstanding flavor and texture, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, brown spot, rust, IR: halo blight. Similar: Crockett. US Patent no. 8487162. 2013.

Ocala (CSI-806)—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Garden bean, 54 days, 5.7”, very dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV.

Okeechobee (PV-937)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing Romano, 57 days, 6”, medium dark green pods, sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Ontario—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 58 days, 4.7”, dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Opportune (S84470)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Charon/Paulista///Paloma//Fulvio/Aldo/4/Decoro. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 64 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Similar: Jade. PVP certificate no. 201100448. 2012.

Oregon 54 (OSU 5402)—Breeder: J.R. Baggett. Vendor: Oregon State University Parentage: OSU 5078/OSU 5052. Characteristics: Blue Lake processing green bean, 56 days, determinate, 6” dark green pods, 5-6 sieve. Resistance: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: OR 91G. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest. 1992.

Oregon 5630—Breeder: J.R. Myers and J.R. Baggett. Vendor: Oregon State University Parentage: OR 54/OR 91G. Characteristics: Blue Lake processing green bean, 53 days, determinate, 5.5” dark green pods, 5 sieve. Resistance: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: OR 91G. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest. 2005.

Oregon 91G—Breeder: W.A. Frazier and J.R. Baggett. Vendor: Oregon State University Parentage: OR 1604///OSU 7127//OR 58/OSU 9101). Characteristics: Blue Lake processing green bean, 53 days, determinate, 5.5” dark green pods, concentrated set, 5-6 sieve. Reselection of OR 91 to remove immature white seed off type. Resistance: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: Oregon 1604. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest. 1980.

Oregon Giant—Breeder and vendor: Heritage cultivar. Characteristics: Pole bean, 70 days, indeterminate climber, 9” light medium green stripped pods. Rectangular pods with stringy sutures. Brought over the Oregon Trail and introduced into the home garden trade in Oregon. <1900.

Orinoco—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 61 days, 5”, golden yellow pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Picasso—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 5”, medium dark green pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

Pickright—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 58 days, 4.7”, medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Picotdor—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing wax bean, 58 days, 5”, golden yellow pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Pierroton—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Booster/Valence. Characteristics: Processing green whole bean, 57 days, determinate and upright, 5” dark green pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 200900220. 2009.

Pike (H26108)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Processing, 55 days, determinate and upright, 5” dark green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, IR: halo blight, brown spot, common blight. Similar: Caprice. Adaptation: Northern U.S. US Patent no. 7511197. 2009.

Platini—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing Romano, 58 days, 6”, medium dark green pods, sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose.

PLS 524—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 56 days, determinate, 6” medium dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, rust.

Pontiac—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 56 days, 4.7”, medium green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight.

Pony Express (EX 15340810)—Breeder: George Kotch and Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Brio/Hypak//Brio///Pod Squad/HB95. Characteristics: Fresh market, 54 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green creaseback pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: BCTV. Similar: Bronco. Adaptation: SE, NE, Midwest U.S. PVP certificate no. 200900217. 2009.

Poseidon—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing Romano, 57 days, 5.5”, medium dark green pods, sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Prevail (SB4348)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market, 54 days, determinate and upright, 5.5”dark green pods, 4 sieve. Similar: Caprice. US Patent no. 8049076. 2011.

PV-766—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 57 days, 5.3”, dark green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose. US Patent no. 9426954.

PV-811—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 59 days, 4.6”, medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

PV-812—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 56 days, 6”, dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV.

PV-813—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Romano bean, determinate and upright, 57 days, 6.5” medium dark green flat pods, heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race 55), brown spot. Similar: Poseidon. US Patent no. 9648833. 2017.

PV-814—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 58 days, 5.8”, dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

PV-818—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 54 days, 4.7”, dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

PV-832—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Garden bean, 57 days, dark green pods on an upright determinate plant, 4 sieve, heat tolerant. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot, anthracnose, rust (race 49). Similar: Spartacus. US Patent no. 9615524. 2017.

PV-857—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 55 days, 5.3”, dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, rust (race 49). Similar: Prevail. US Patent no. 10390514. 2019.

Redon—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Booster/Jasmin. Characteristics: Processing (whole) green bean, 65 days, determinate and upright, 5” medium green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, brown spot. Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 200500234. 2007.

Renegade—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Doral///Labrador/Champ//Celtic/4/Champ//Labrador/Champ///Hypak. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 55 days, determinate and spreading, 5” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Similar: Festina. PVP certificate no. 200600052. 2007.

Rimember—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 5”, dark green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Rockport—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Teseo/Labrador//Champ/Labrador///Celtic/4/Champ/Labrador///Spurt/BBL 47//BARC Res 7/4/Champ/Labrador//Brio//MCM3512. Characteristics: Processing (whole) green bean, 56 days, determinate and compact, 4.7” medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Similar: Dandy. PVP certificate no. 200800195. 2008.

Saba—Breeder: Bakker Brothers. Vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 60 days, determinate and medium upright, 5” light green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose, IR: BCTV, halo blight.

Sage (BSC 885)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Saurus/USWA-67. Characteristics: Garden bean, 60 days, determinate, 5.7” medium green pods, 5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race alpha), IR: halo blight (races 1 and 2), BCTV. Similar: Hystyle. PVP certificate no. 201100046. 2011.

Samoa—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 4.7”, medium dark green pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Sanford (PV-958)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Garden bean, 56 days, 6”, dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Sassy—Breeder and vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, determinate, 4” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, anthracnose.

SB4249—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: OR54/F54B1. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 55 days, determinate and compact, 5.5” dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: BBL156. PVP certificate no. 200300306. 2007.

Scorpio (SB4243)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: A419/3*Sevill//Opus. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 56 days, determinate, 5” light green pods, 2-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BGMV. Similar: Opus. Adaptation: FL, MX . PVP certificate no. 200200275. 2003.

Scylla—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 55 days, 5”, medium dark green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose, IR: halo blight.

Seagull—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, 4.7”, medium dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

Serengeti—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Lexus//Celtic/MU88506. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 67 days, determinate, 6” medium green pods, 2-3 sieve. Similar: Masai. PVP certificate no. 201100146. 2011.

Seychelles (BB BEP 0073)—Breeder: Bakker Brothers. Vendor: Pure Line Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Salamanca///Nunhem dark green//Fasold/Bareka. Characteristics: Pole green bean, easy picking, indeterminate, 4.7-5” dark green pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose. Similar: Salamanca. PVP certificate no. 201700104. 2020.

Silverado—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 59 days, 5.5”, medium dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight.

Sintra (PV-749)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 56 days, 4.7”, medium green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Sjanghai—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 57 days, 4.7”, medium dark green pods, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Sonesta—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing wax bean, 55 days, 5”, golden yellow pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Stayton—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Parentage: Medinah/Orphee. Characteristics: Processing (whole) green bean, 53 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV. Similar: Medinah. PVP certificate no. 200600051. 2007.

Sulawesi—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 58 days, 4.5”, medium dark green pods, 1 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

SV1003GF (WAXC6V1003)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Gold Mine/Hystyle//Valdor. Characteristics: Wax bean, fresh market and processing, 64 days, determinate with spreading bush, 5-5.5” yellow pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, rust (race 38) IR: anthracnose (race alpha), brown spot. Similar: Gold Mine. PVP certificate no. 201300180. 2013.

SV1098GV (FIVC6V1098)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Zeus/Hercules//True Blue/Hypak. Characteristics: Garden bean, 64 days, determinate and upright, 5” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight (race 2). Similar: Hercules. PVP certificate no. 201400517. 2016.

SV1136GF (FORC5V1136)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Excalibur/5/Hercules/4/Hercules//Calif. Light Red Kidney/PI209488///Profit/Hypak//Profit/Tempest. Characteristics: Processing, 55 days, determinate, 5.5” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, Aphanomyces root rot, anthracnose (race 55), halo blight (races 1 and 2). Similar: Labrador. Adaptation: NE U.S. US Patent no. 9392762. PVP certificate no. 201400518. 2016.

SV1137GF (FORC6V1137)—Breeder: Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Excalibur/5/Hercules/4/Hercules//Calif. Light Red Kidney/PI209488///Profit/Hypak//Profit/Tempest. Characteristics: Fresh market, 54 days, determinate and upright, 2.1” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose, Aphanomyces root rot. Similar: Caprice. Adaptation: SE U.S. US Patent no. 9560815. PVP certificate no. 201500343. 2017.

SV1162GN—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Processing extra fine green bean, 54 days, determinate and upright, 4” medium green pods with concentrated set and slow seed development, 1-2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race 55), halo blight (race 2). Adaptation: NE U.S.

SV1286GW (10-DK-TWS-1286)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 57 days, determinate, 4.7” medium green pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose (race 55), halo blight (race 2). Similar: Persepolis. Adaptation: NE U.S. US Patent no. 9510535. 2016.

Sybaris (EX08071301)—Breeder: Arie Oppelaar. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Monroe/Festina//Alexandra. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 57 days, determinate and upright, 5.5-6 ” dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: rust (race 90). Similar: Valentino. Adaptation: NE U.S. PVP certificate no. 201400195. 2014.

Sydney—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 53 days, 4.5”, medium dark green pods, 2 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, IR: rust.

Tambora (PV-792)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing wax bean, 56 days, 5”, medium yellow pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Tapia—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Romano processing bean, 54 days, determinate, 5.1-5.5” medium green flat pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: rust (race 38), white mold. Similar: Gina.

Tiffany (PV-756)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 58 days, 4.3”, medium dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Tinos (PV-741)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 55 days, 5.3”, dark green pods, 3-4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, anthracnose.

Titan (XP08170403)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Hystyle/Benton. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 70 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: brown spot. Similar: Hystyle. PVP certificate no. 200100289. 2002.

Twix—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 57 days, 4.7”, medium dark green pods, 1 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Usambara—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: Processing Romano bean, 54 days, determinate and easy picking, 5.5-5.9” medium green flat pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, IR: halo blight (race 2).

Velero (HMX 4127)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Romano type, 56 days, determinate and upright, 6” uniform, dense, medium dark green pods. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV. Similar: Navarro. US Patent no. 9775310. 2017.

Venice—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market and processing green bean, 60 days, 5”, dark green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose, IR: brown spot.

Weapon (EX15340804)—Breeder: George Kotch and Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Hercules/4/Calif. Light Red Kidney/PI209488///Profit/Hypak//Profit/Tempest. Characteristics: Processing green bean, 54 days, determinate and compact, 4.8” medium green pods, 4-5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, brown spot, Aphanomyces root rot. Similar: Hystyle. PVP certificate no. 200700085. 2008.

Weldon (Sony, HS-216)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Parentage: Monaco//Sirio/Celtic. Characteristics: Garden bean, 73 days, determinate and upright, 5.5” medium green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight (race 113). Similar: Monaco. PVP certificate no. 201000313. 2011.

Weston (HMX 4129)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Fresh market/processing, 58 days, determinate and upright, 5.3” medium green pods, 3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, halo blight, common blight, IR: anthracnose. Similar: Pike. US Patent no. 9907284. 2018.

Wyatt (HMX 8122)—Breeder: Rob Gehin. Vendor: HM Clause (Harris Moran). Characteristics: Processing, 54 days, determinate and upright, 5.7” dark green pods, 4 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, common blight, halo blight, brown spot, downy mildew. Similar: Sahara. Adaptation: broadly adapted. US Patent no. 8173877. 2012.

Zanzibar—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 56 days, 4.5”, medium dark green pods, 1 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

Zapata (EX 08100516)—Breeder: George Kotch and Ken Kmiecik. Vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Parentage: Hialeah//Strike/Del Rey/Wrangler. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 63 days, determinate and compact, 6” light to medium green pods, 5 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, BCTV, IR: rust (race 36). Similar: Hialeah. Adaptation: S. US, MX, Caribbean. PVP certificate no. 201200436. 2013.

Zembla (PV-737)—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend Research B.V. Characteristics: Fresh market green bean, 56 days, 4.5”, medium dark green pods, 2-3 sieve. Resistance: HR: BCMV, halo blight, anthracnose.

BEAN-LIMA

Antonia L Palkovic and Kimberly J Gibson

Department of Plant Sciences/MS1 University of California 1 Shields Avenue Davis, CA 95616–8780

Emmalea Garver Ernest

Cooperative Extension, Vegetable & Fruit Program University of Delaware Carvel Research & Education Center 16483 County Seat Hwy Georgetown, DE 19947

184-85—Breeder and vendor: Ben Fish & Son/Dompe Warehouse. Characteristics: green seeded baby lima with later season maturity. Resistance: resistant to downy mildew race E. Adaptation: Grown in Mid-Atlantic for succulent stage harvest.

Alabama Blackeyed Butterbean or Alabama Black Eye Pole Lima Bean—Vendor: Baker’s Creek, Southern Exposure, and other packet salesmen. Parentage: An heirloom variety maintained by a family from Alabama. Characteristics: A vigorous vining variety for the garden; seeds are large and flat, but have a ‘black eye’ similar to blackeyed peas.

Big Mamma—Vendor: Burpee. Parentage: Derived from a New Jersey heirloom. Characteristics: A large white-seeded pole variety.

Burpee’s Improved Bush—Breeder: Burpee, from 1907. Vendor: Vermont Bean Seed Co. and other packet sales seedsmen. Characteristics: Heirloom bush variety with large white seeds.

Cariblanco N—Breeder: University of California (UC)–Davis and Riverside (Steve Temple, Phil Roberts, Don Helms, and William Matthews). Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: UCD Selection 144 X UCD Selection L-136. Characteristics: Nematode-resistant white seeded baby vine lima. Resistance: To M. javanica and M. incognita. Similar: UC Mezcla. Adaptation: baby white vine well suited to California Central Valley production. Reference: Crop Science 44: 352-353 (2004). PVP# 200300015 registered in 2002. 2001.

C-Elite—Breeder and vendor: Ben Fish and Son. Parentage: Selected from a single plant from the USDA breeding line C-171. Resistance: resistant to downy mildew race E. Characteristics: Mature seeds are medium-sized, flat, and have a light green cotyledon and seed coat. 84 days, bush type plant with variegated primary leaves and high pod set. Similar: Mendoza Bush. Adaptation: Grown in Mid-Atlantic for succulent stage harvest. PVP# 7605001.

Christmas (Pole) Lima—Vendor: Reimer Seeds, Vermont Bean Seed Co., and other packet salesmen. Parentage: An heirloom variety from the 1840s. Characteristics: A pole variety with large seeds that are mottled with white and maroon/red spots when mature.

Cypress—Breeder/Vendor: ADM. Characteristics: Compact, 77-day bush baby variety. Resistances: cold soil tolerance, resistant to downy mildew race E, cold tolerant, heat susceptible. Adaptation: for succulent production in the Mid-Atlantic region.

Dixie Speckled (Dixie Butterpea)—Vendor: various seed packet salesmen. Characteristics: Early-maturing baby bush variety with round ‘potato-type’ dark pink to red seeds with dark purple to brown speckles. No resistance to current races of downy mildew. Resistance: Heat tolerant. Moderate lygus tolerance. Adaptations: Does well for dry seed production in California. Grown for succulent production in Delaware.

Dompe 95—Breeder and vendor: Ben Fish and Son. Parentage: Selected from an individual pole outcross found in a 1971 field of green-seeded Fordhook bush limas. Characteristics: Large white-seeded bush type for commercial dry bean production. It continues to be the main variety grown in CA for this market class. Seeds are around 110g/100 seeds. Similar: UC 92 Adaptation: California’s Central Valley. PVP# 8000094.

Dr. Martin’s Pole—Vendor: Vermont Bean Seed Co. and other seed packet salesmen. Characteristics: A large, green seeded, heirloom vine type for garden production.

Eastland—Breeder: USDA (Thomas and Fisher. Vendor: Harris Seeds and other packet salesmen Characteristics: Early, baby seeded variety with green to white seeds. Plants are tall, upright, and high yielding. Resistances: Resistant to downy mildew strains A, B, C and D. Heat and cold tolerant. Adaptation: Widely adapted.

Emperor—Breeder and vendor: ADM. Characteristics: Uniform pod and seed setting characteristics, and matures approximately 3 days later than Cypress and 1 day later than Meadow. Seeds are medium size and flat (similar to Meadow). Adaptation: A high yielding green baby lima variety adapted to production in Delaware, Ontario and the Pacific Northwest. Cold soil tolerance makes it adaptable for early and later plantings.

Florida Speckled Butterbean—Vendor: Caribbean Garden Seeds. Parentage: An heirloom variety from the Southern US. Characteristics: A baby-seeded pole-type. Mature seeds are buff with maroon speckles. Similar: Southern Running Butterbean. Adaptation: The Southern US.

Hancock’s Cangreen—Breeder and vendor: Hancock Seed Company. Characteristics: Baby-seeded 18” bush-type. Adaptation: Southern US.

Henderson Bush (or Dwarf Sieva)—Breeder: Peter Henderson Seed Company; introduced in New York in 1889. Vendor: Seed Savers Exchange and other packet salesmen. Characteristics: An early disease resistant baby, white-seeded dwarf bush-type.

Hopi Grey (Maasi Hatíqo)—Vendor: Southern Exposure Seed Exchange and Native Seeds Search. Parentage: Collected in Hotevilla in Hopiland. Characteristics: A vine-type with medium sized seeds that are beige, sometimes with black specks when mature. Adaptation: The arid Southwest of the US.

Hopi Red (Pala Hatíqo)—Breeder: Selected by Fred Kabotie. Vendor: Southern Exposure Seed Exchange and Native Seeds Search. Characteristics: A vine-type with medium sized seeds that are red with black specks when mature. Adaptation: The arid Southwest of the US, including the high and low desert.

Hopi Yellow (Sikya Hatíqo)—Vendor: Southern Exposure Seed Exchange and Native Seeds Search. Characteristics: A vine-type with medium sized seeds that are deep yellow to dark orange with dark brown specks when mature. Adaptation: The arid Southwest of the US, especially the high desert.

Jackson Wonder—Breeder: Thomas Jackson of Atlanta; introduced commercially in 1888 by David Landreth & Sons of Philadelphia. Characteristics: A prolifically producing dwarf bush. Cream colored seeds with purple brown speckles. No resistance to current races of downy mildew. Resistance: Heat tolerant. Lygus tolerant. Adaptations: High yielding in dry seed production in California. Grown for succulent production in Delaware.

King of the Garden—Breeder: Introduced by Frank S. Platt in 1883. Vendor: Various seed packet salesmen. Characteristics: Large white-seeded pole type for garden production.

Kingston—Breeder: Pollard and Hamson, 1970. Characteristics: A baby, green to white-seeded bush variety grown for succulent processing production. Adaptation: Widely adapted.

Mackie—Breeder: UC-Davis (Robert Allard). Characteristics/Adaptation: A large, white-seeded bush variety developed for production in the California Central Valley. 1954.

Maestro—Characteristics: An early bush baby type for succulent east-coast production. Resistance: Resistant to downy mildew race E. Adaptation: Mid-Atlantic region.

Maffei 15 (M-15)—Breeder and vendor: Agri Sales, Inc. Characteristics: 80 days, small plant but sets on runners, lower recovery. For succulent production in Delaware and the mid-Atlantic. Resistance: Resistant to downy mildew race F. Adaptation: Mid-Atlantic region. PVP# 8200005.

Meadow—Breeder and vendor: ADM. Characteristics: Compact, early bush baby type for late-planted succulent production in Delaware. Resistance: Resistant to downy mildew race E. Adaptation: Grown in the Mid-Atlantic region for succulent stage production.

Mezcla—Breeder: Developed by Ronald Sanchez by bulk selection between 1950 and 1965 from accessions obtained by Robert Allard. Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: Developed by bulk population selecting of the parent groups Henderson Bush x Wilbur; Wilbur x Hopi 5989; Wilbur x Hopi 2000; Westan x Hopi 2000; Westan x Hopi 5989; Westan x Hopi 13; Westan x Hopi 12; and Hopi 2000 x Hopi 12. Characteristics: white seeded baby vine lima with dark green leaves. Adaptation: This variety is best adapted to areas where deep alluvial soils predominate such as the Yolo and Sorrento type soils. Mezcla has performed well in the baby lima producing area along the west side of the upper San Joaquin Valley. It is not recommended for the sub-irrigated areas of the Sutter County region but may perform well in sub-irrigated areas with lighter soils.

Pima Orange (Hawol)—Vendor: Native Seeds Search. Parentage: An heirloom from the Gila River Indian Community in Arizona. Characteristics: Pole variety with medium-sized seeds that are orange with black mottling when mature. Similar: Hopi Yellow. Resistance: Very drought and heat-tolerant. Adaptation: Low deserts of the arid Southwestern US.

Sieva (Carolina) Butter—Vendor: Southern Exposure Seeds and other packet sales seedsmen. Characteristics: A baby white-seeded pole type heirloom from the mid-1800s. For garden production. Adaptation: Southern US.

UC 92—Breeder: Developed between 1987 and 1991 by UC (Carl Tucker, Don Helms, and Steve Temple). Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: UC 92 is a composite of 4 inbred accessions selected from a cross of Ventura bush and UCD breeding line 7727. Characteristics: UC 92 is a white large-seeded bush producing seed between 110 and 130g/100 seeds. Resistance: galling from M. javonica and incognita nematodes. Similar: Maria and Ventura bush. Adaptation: California’s Northern Sacramento Valley and Northern and Southern San Joaquin Valley.

UC Beija Flor—Breeder: Developed by Steve Temple, Larry Godfrey, and Michael Canevari at UC Davis and UCCE in San Joaquin County. Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: CIAT accession G25165 X UC Cariblanco. Characteristics: Similar to bush baby lima UC Luna, but with high degree of resistance to nematode root gall. Resistance: javanica root knot nematode. Similar: small white seeded bush, well suited to CA Central Valley production. Adaptation: California’s Sutter Basin and Tracy bean growing regions. PVP registered in 2012.

UC Haskell—Breeder: Developed by Steve Temple, Larry Godfrey, and Michael Canevari at UC Davis and UCCE in San Joaquin County. Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: UC Cariblanco X “P&T 4255” from CIAT. Characteristics: white seeded baby vine lima with good crown set; susceptible to root knot nematode. Resistance: Lygus bug. Similar: UC Mezcla; baby white vine well suited to CA Central Valley production. Adaptation: California. PVP registered in 2012.

UC Lee—Breeder: UC (Carl L. Tucker). Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: Lee is a single plant selection from a biparental bulk population of I453 x I435 in F10. Both parents are experimental lines. I453 is a single plant from a bulk population of “Ventura” x “Mackie”. I435 is a sister selection of Mackie. Characteristics: large white-seeded vine. Adaptation: well adapted to grow in the west side of Stanislaus County, California.

UC Luna—Breeder: UC (Carl Tucker, Don Helms, and Steve Temple). Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: Single plant selection from a cross of Kingston X Mezcla. Characteristics: baby white-seeded bush; it is susceptible to root knot nematode. Resistance: moderate resistance to Lygus insect sting damage. Yield response to Lygus pressure is very good. Adaptation: It has been tested and performed well in the Chico/Butte County area of the northern Sacramento Valley, Yolo County area (Davis), the northern San Joaquin Valley counties of San Joaquin and Stanislaus, and Fresno County in the southern San Joaquin.

White Ventura N—Breeder: UC (Carl Tucker). Vendor: UC Davis Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: This variety was developed by backcross breeding of recurrent parent, Ventura, by a nematode resistant accession, line L76. 1969.

Wilbur—Characteristics: A baby white seeded vine. Adaptation: California Central Valley dry lima production. 1978.

Willow Leaf—Breeder: Introduced by Burpee in 1891. Vendor: Reimer Seeds, Vermont Bean Seed Co., and other seed packet salesmen. Characteristics: A pole-type heirloom variety with narrow, willow-like leaves and baby white seeds. Resistance: Heat and drought resistant. Adaptation: The Southern US and warm Coastal areas.

BEAN–MUNG

Arti Singh

1559 Agronomy Iowa State University 716 Farm House Ln Ames, IA 50011-1051

AC Harosprout (VC1973A)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (S. J. Park and T. R. Anderson). Vendor: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC). Parentage: Cross of two Philippine lines CES1D-21 × EG-MG-16, made in 1977 at AVRDC, Tainan, Taiwan. Characteristic: Early maturity, synchronous ripening of pods, high yield potential, large, glossy, and oval-shaped seeds with a concave hilum, erect plant type, green seed, weighs 63 g per 1000 seeds. Resistance: Lodging, moderately tolerant to the root rot caused by Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, susceptible to Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. f. sp. Phaseoli. Adaptation: Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Reference: https://cdnsciencepub.com/doi/pdf/10.4141/P96-061. 1997.

Berken—Vendor: Oklahoma Foundation Seed, Stillwater, OK and Eckroat Seed Co., Oklahoma City, OK. Characteristics: medium-large, evenly-sized, bright green, seeded variety that produces large sprouts. Adaptation: Oklahoma, US. Reference: http://ofss.okstate.edu/seed/mungbean/. 1962.

Jumbo—Vendor: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Characteristic: Large seeded for sprouts purpose. Reference: https://horticulture.oregonstate.edu/oregon-vegetables/sprout-production-0.

OK12—Vendor: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Characteristic: Small seeded for sprouts purpose. Reference:https://horticulture.oregonstate.edu/oregon-vegetables/sprout-production-0.

OK2000—Vendor: Oklahoma Foundation Seed, Stillwater, OK and Green Cover Seed, Bladen, NE. Characteristic: Large seeded, shorter than Berken, sprouting quality is equal or greater than Berken, seed weight is 15% greater than Berken. In lab sample, averaged about 4.9 lbs sprouts/lbs. Can be used for groundcover. Resistance: Lodging and shattering. Adaptation: Oklahoma, US. Unrestricted public variety. Reference: http://ofss.okstate.edu/seed/mungbean/. https://greencover.com/shop/mung-beans/. 1999.

Oriental—Vendor: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Characteristic: Small seeded for sprouts purpose. Reference: https://horticulture.oregonstate.edu/oregon-vegetables/sprout-production-0.

Texsprout—Breeder: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (Creighton Miller). Vendor: Texas Seed Foundation Service. Parentage: Cross between two Philippine Varieties made in 1977 at the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center in Taiwan. Characteristic: high beans and sprout yields, large beans, erect growth habit, wide adaptability. Resistance: Lodging and shattering. Adaptation: Texas High Plains Region, US for sprouting purpose. Reference: https://agrilifetoday.tamu.edu/2006/08/24/texas-mungbeans-have-sprout-potential/. 1988.

BEET

Irwin L. Goldman and Andrey Vega-Alfaro

Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin-Madison 1575 Linden Dr. Madison, WI. 53706

Albina Vereduna—Vendor: Prairie Garden Seeds. Characteristics: white beet with green leaves. Roots have mild flavor with oblong roots.

Akela—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Round beet with good internal color and storage capability. Strong tops.

Avalanche—Vendor: Seedway. Characteristics: Round root, fresh market specialty type with white roots. Roots are sweet and with no earthy flavor, matures in 55 days. All America Selections National Winner. Similar: Blankoma, Albino. 2015.

Babybeat—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Smooth, round beet with limited foliage. Multigerm. Internal white rings. Fresh market type. Suitable for small beet production.

Badger Flame—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Nick Breitbach and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Semi-cylindrical root with yellow and red rings. Very mild flavor, low in geosmin and oxalic acid. May be consumed fresh. Light green petioles and bright green leaves. Multi-germ seeds, smooth orange skin, small crowns. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin in 2014.

Badger Spark—Breeder: University of Wisconsin (Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Badger Spark is a round rooted version of Badger Flame and with the same interior qualities of Badger Flame. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Badger Sunset—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Nick Breitbach and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Semi-cylindrical root with yellow and red rings. Very mild flavor, low in geosmin and oxalic acid. May be consumed fresh. Light green petioles and bright green leaves. Multi-germ seeds, smooth orange skin, small crowns. Similar: Flame but with slightly different pigmentation patterns in root interior. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin in 2014.

Badger Torch—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Nick Breitbach and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Semi-cylindrical root with yellow and red rings. Very mild flavor, low in geosmin and oxalic acid. May be consumed fresh. Light green petioles and bright green leaves. Multi-germ seeds, smooth orange skin, small crowns. Similar: Bagder Flame but with slightly different pigmentation patterns in root interior. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin in 2014.

Betty—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Round and smooth root for fresh market production. Small crown may be used for baby beet production. Can be grown in subtropical climates.

Blushing Not Bashful—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Solveig Hanson, Lynn Maher, and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: roots are high in geosmin. Roots have pure white interior flesh, subtly blushed skin, and rose-pink petioles. Developed through a participatory breeding program with Wisconsin farmers and chefs. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Bohan—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Globe-shaped roots. Smooth skin. Green leaves and plum-colored petioles. 65-day to maturity.

Boro—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: strong tops. Smooth skin and excellent flavor. Stores well postharvest. Adaptation: Wide.

Bresko—Breeder: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: strong tops. Smooth, round roots. May be used for baby beet production. 51-60 days to maturity. Similar: Boro.

Bull’s Blood—Parentage: heirloom cultivar developed from the French variety ‘Crapaudine’ and introduced in 1986. Characteristics: deep purple leaves with dark red roots. Earthy flavor.

Bullock—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriends. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Round, very dark red root with strong tops. For the fresh market and with 10-12 brix good potential storage, up to 5 months under controlled conditions. Later maturing hybrid with good uniformity and very round roots.

Burpee’s Red Ball—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Characteristics: Dark red flesh and smooth skin. 60 days to maturity. Adaptation: wide.

Camaro—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: round, smooth root with good color. Thin attachment. High yield potential and 50-55 days to maturity, suitable for storage and processing.

Carillon—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: cylindrically shaped root. Dark red internal color. Strong tops. High yield potential, 65 days to maturity. Suitable for the processing industry. Similar: Cylindra.

Clean Leaf—Breeder: University of Wisconsin (Irwin Goldman). Characteristics: Glossy leaf. Developed out of crosses between Burpee’s Golden and cylindrical types. Resistance: tolerant to many foliar pathogens. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Diaz—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: suitable for fresh market, processing and storage. High sugar potential.

Eagle—Breeder: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: smooth, globe-shaped roots. Small to medium-sized crown and tap root. Little to no zoning.

Evansville Ember—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Solveig Hanson, Lynn Maher and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: low in geosmin, scarlet red flesh. Slightly zoned interior with dark red and white rings. Developed through a participatory breeding program with Wisconsin farmers and chefs. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Evansville Orbit—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Solveig Hanson, Lynn Maher and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: high geosmin, pink-purple and variably zoned with more prominent white rings. Developed through a participatory breeding program with Wisconsin farmers and chefs. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Falcon—Breeder and vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: produces large and blocky roots. Upright growth habit. Suitable for the processing industry, fresh markets and home gardens. Resistance: heat tolerance.

Fresh Pak—Breeder and vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: used only for baby leaf production. Will not form a swollen beet root. Dark green leaves and dark red petioles with well-defined venation. U.S. Patent Number 9,198,364.

Fresh Start—Breeder and vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: used only for baby leaf production. Will not form a swollen beet root. Well-defined venation. Resistance: highly resistant to downy mildew (Peronospora schachtii), intermediate disease resistance to Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora beticola).

Golden Grex Beet—Breeder: Alan Kapuler. Vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Lutz was used as a parent. Characteristics: has large, golden-orange roots with a blushed orange hip on the top of the beet. Some, but not all, interiors have alternating rings of yellow and red, 54 days to maturity.

Grenade—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark red color and fine flesh. High sugar potential. Semi-erect foliage. Suitable for the fresh or processing markets. Resistance: Rhizomania.

Harrier—Vendor: Gurney’s Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: high sugar potential and good yield. 50 day maturity.

Ideal Dapple—Breeder: University of Wisconsin (Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: variably pigmented interior with tie-dye appearance caused by irregular blotches of red pigment, homozygous for bl allele. Some roots with slightly blotchy root exteriors. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Jolie—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Late maturing variety. Round roots. Strong tops. Suitable for fresh market and storage. High sugar content (brix 11-13), good uniformity. Similar: Scarlett.

Kamoulini 2—Breeder: Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture (Rasa Karkleliene, given to The Seed Ambassadors Project) Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Characteristics: good color and round roots. Good flavor. Strong tops. Petioles are magenta-purple colored.

Long Season Pink Stem—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Characteristics: winter keeper type with glossy green tops, pink venation, and pink and green striped petioles. Oblate shaped roots that taper toward the tap root.

Manolo—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pablo type with stronger leaves. Round roots. Days to maturity 50, 80 and 99 for the Northeast, Northwest and Southwest respectively.

Manzu—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Fresh Market and processing type. Upright foliage. Red roots and high soluble solids. Resistance: intermediate resistance to Rhizomania.

Merlin—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: high sugar potential (14-15 brix). Suitable for processing, juicing and fresh market, early maturing, between 55 and 60 days.

Moneta—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monogerm, dark red round roots.

Mono Round Red—Vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Monogerm. Characteristics: round red roots and earthy flavor, 65 days to maturity.

Monty—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: high globe shape with strong tops and high yield potential, suitable for the processing industry. High sugar potential.

Moulin Rouge—Vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Characteristics: Round roots with deep purple-red color, 55-60 days to maturity.

Moving Target—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Solveig Hanson, Lynn Maher and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: High in geosmin (earthiness), pink-purple-coral and variably zoned. Developed through a participatory breeding program with Wisconsin farmers and chefs. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Palau—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Characteristics: fresh market type with deep red roots. Similar: Subeto, Wodan, Action. Resistance: intermediate Rhizomania resistance.

Red Atlas—Breeder D&D Seed. Vendor: Illinois Foundation Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fully erect growth habit. Bright green leaves with dark red top shaped roots. High sugar potential, 55-day maturity. Resistance: tolerant to Cercospora leaf spot and moderately tolerant to downy and powdery mildew.

Red Cloud—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dark red roots with high yield potential and high sugar potential. Strong tops. Resistance: Bolting.

Red Titan—Breeder: D&D Seed. Vendor: Illinois Foundation Seed. Characteristics: Dark red roots with green foliage showing hints of red, 60 days to maturity. Resistance: Tolerant to downy and powdery mildew and Cercospora leaf spot.

Rhonda—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: round red roots. Strong tops. Long storability.

Robin—Vendor: Territorial Seed. Characteristics: Suitable for baby beet or full season production. Round red roots. 60-day maturity.

Scarlett—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: strong tops. Round roots. Improved quality and shape. High sugar content (11-12 brix). Very dark red color. Suitable for fresh market, processing and storage. Similar: Jolie, Bullock.

Shiraz Tall Top—Breeder: bred through a farmer-breeder collaboration led by Organic Seed Alliance. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: smooth and uniform shape. selected in organic conditions. Matures in 55-60 days. Resistance: tolerance to Rhizoctonia root and crown rot.

Snowglobe—Breeders: University of Wisconsin (Solveig Hanson, Lynn Maher and Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: low in geosmin, white flesh, green petioles. Low in geosmin and sweet tasting. Developed through a participatory breeding program with Wisconsin farmers and chefs. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Subeto—Breeder: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: smooth skin, 50 days to maturity and a good option for organic systems. Roots are very dark in the interior, with uniform shape and very fine taproots. Similar: Boro but with a smaller top.

SunDrop—Breeder: University of Wisconsin (Irwin Goldman). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: yellow, round, smooth roots. Bright green foliage and lemon-yellow interior. Released through the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation at the University of Wisconsin.

Sweet Dakota Bliss—Breeder: David Podoll and Prairie Road Organic Seed. Characteristics: open-source variety and part of the Open Source Seed Initiative. Burgundy colored roots beets. Long storability, 55-day maturity. Greens could be used for salads. Resistance: abiotic stress tolerant. 2016.

Taunus—Breeder: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: cylindrical root. Purple flesh, minimal zoning and very smooth skin. Ideal for dicing. Resistance: cracking.

Three Root Grex—Breeder: Alan Kapuler. Vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated, an interbreeding mix of three heirlooms: Yellow Intermediate, Crosby Purple Egyptian and Lutz Saladleaf. Characteristics: Has three distinct colors: pinkish red with some orange, gold, and iridescent orange. Tapered elongated roots, 54 days to maturity.

Vulture—Vendor: Stokes Seeds, Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: half long cylindrical root. Dark red, smooth roots with little zoning. Small crowns.

Zeppo—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: roots are smooth and very round with a fine tap root; roots are vibrant red, excellent for bunching markets. Mild flavor. Suitable for baby beet or full season production. Light green tops with strong attachment. 50-55 days to maturity.

BRUSSELS SPROUT

Rebecca Grube Sideman

Department of Agriculture, Nutrition & Food Systems University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824

Abacus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, sensitive to bolting.

Albarus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, dark green sprouts, frost-tolerant.

Attis (BE 3092)—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall and erect plant.

Attwood—Vendor: Thompson & Morgan.

Aurelius—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark green sprouts, resists lodging.

Autumn Star Kalette®—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Pedigree includes kale and brussels sprouts. Characteristics: early maturity, produces leafy open sprouts with green, red, and bicolor coloration.

Batavus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, dark green sprouts, frost-tolerant.

BE 3092—Breeder: Bejo Zaden/Elsoms. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, vigor.

Bitesize (TZ 0299)—Breeder: Tozer. Vendor: Thompson & Morgan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: miniature well-spaced sprouts, intermediate to late maturity.

Bosworth—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, good holding ability, dark green sprouts. Resistance: Intermediate to downy mildew and ringspot.

Brechen (16-676)—Breeder: Hazera. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, uniform deep green sprouts. Resistances: light leaf spot.

Brenden—Breeder: Hazera. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, small-to-medium smooth dense sprouts.

Brest—Breeder: Hazera. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium-tall plants, concentrated harvest for machine harvesting.

Brigitte—Breeder: Hazera. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, bright green.

Brilliant—Breeder: Hazera. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity.

Brodie—Breeder: Hazera. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium-large round sprouts, mild flavor, good shelf life.

Churchill (TZ 0151)—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, evenly spaced sprouts.

Clodius—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early leaf drop, easy to pick after light frost, cold tolerant.

Cobelius—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, bright green sprouts, good leaf drop.

Cobus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: resists lodging.

Confidant—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, dark green round sprouts. Resistance: Fusarium yellows caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. congutinans.

Crispus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, oval sprouts. Resistance: clubroot caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae. Similar: Maximus.

Cronus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: resistant to stressful growing conditions. Similar: Cumulus.

Cryptus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium green round sprouts. Resistance: clubroot caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae.

Cumulus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, easy de-leafing, medium-green. Similar: Cronus.

Cyrus—Breeder: Syngenta. Characteristics: Early maturing. Adaptation: Fresh market.

Dagan—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall plants, early maturity, smooth sprouts with medium green color. Good leaf drop. Similar: Abacus.

Dimitri—Vendor: Seedway.

Divino—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall and erect plant.

Dominator—Breeder: Elsoms.

Early Half Tall—Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: early maturity, short stature plants.

Falstaff—Vendor: Thompson & Morgan, Fedco Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: purple coloration that intensifies in cold weather, variable in plant color, sprout size and formation.

Faunus—Breeder: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall and erect plant.

Franklin—Vendor: Territorial, Seedway. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity.

Frivole Rouge FrisettaTM—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Pedigree includes kale and brussels sprouts. Characteristics: produces leafy open red sprouts.

Frivole Vert FrisettaTM—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Pedigree includes kale and brussels sprouts. Characteristics: produces leafy open green sprouts.

Frivole Violet FrisettaTM—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Pedigree includes kale and brussels sprouts. Characteristics: produces leafy open purple sprouts.

Genius—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, very dark green, cold tolerant.

Gigantus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium green round-elliptic sprouts, vigorous plants.

Gladius—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blue-green sprouts, vigorous plants, easy de-leafing.

Gustus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, dark green round-elliptic wingless sprouts.

Hector (BE 3097)—Breeder: Elsoms/Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: vigorous, late maturity.

Helemus—Breeder: Syngenta.

Hestia—Breeder: Bejo Zaden. Characteristics: F1 hybrid, early maturity, resists lodging. Similar: Gustus, Royal Marvel.

Hey Melis—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity.

Lewitus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall sturdy plant, intermediate maturity.

Luminus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity.

Marcantus—Breeder: Syngenta.

Marte—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: uniform sprout size, very vigorous.

Martinus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium green large sprouts, intermediate to late maturity.

Maximus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, oval sprouts. Similar: Crispus.

Millenium—Breeder: Syngenta.

Mistletoe Kalette®—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Pedigree includes kale and brussels sprouts. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, produces leafy open sprouts with green, red and bicolor coloration.

Nautic—Breeder: Elsoms/Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: vigorous plants.

Nelson—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity.

Neptuno—Breeder: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: tall upright plants. Resistance: white blister. Adaptation: for freezing/processing.

Octia—Breeder: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity, oval sprouts, long shelf life.

Petrus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, dark green sprouts, good frost tolerance.

Platinus—Breeder: Syngenta.

Pontus (Be 2950)—Breeder: Bejo Zaden/Elsoms. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, uniform.

Profitus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: uniform cylindrical sprouts, vigorous plants, easy de-leafing.

Red Delicious—Breeder: Tozer.

Redarling—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, purple color, obovate sprouts, cold-tolerant.

Redbull—Breeder: Tozer. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red-purple variety, late maturity, with some variability in plant color, sprout size and formation.

Revenge—Vendor: Thompson & Morgan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity, very uniform.

Rimus—Breeder: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate to late maturity, highly vigorous, easy de-leafing.

Romulus—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, tall and vigorous plants, round mid-green sprouts.

Scorpius—Vendor: Seedway. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: good leaf drop, round sprouts that snap easily.

Silverline—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate maturity, tall and vigorous plants, round mid-green sprouts.

Silvia (BE 3171)—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid.

Snowdrop Kalette®—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Pedigree includes kale and brussels sprouts. Characteristics: late maturity, cold-tolerant, produces leafy open sprouts with green, red and bicolor coloration.

Splendus—Breeder: Syngenta.

Steadia—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity. Adaptation: mechanical harvesting.

Sofia—Breeder: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early-intermediate maturity, slightly oval sprouts without bracts.

Speedia—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturity. Adaptation: hot to cold production.

Splendus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very late maturity, dark green sprouts, good leaf drop.

Thamus—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturity.

Trafalgar (TZ 9011)—Breeder: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late intermediate maturity, strong root system. Resistance: Intermediate to powdery mildew.

Trimstar—Breeder: Syngenta. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: late maturing, minimal lodging, dark green sprouts, suited for hand- and machine-harvest.

Valencia—Breeder: Elsoms/Bejo Zaden. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: very high yield, with oval, hard, dark green sprouts. Adaptation: for freezing/processing.

CABBAGE

Steven Peters

1574 Parrott Drive San Mateo, CA 94402

Alcosa—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: deep green, round, savoyed, 2-4 lb small-framed plants allow for dense planting, 65-72 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows.

Amarant—Breeder: Bingenheim. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds, Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red, round, medium size, early-mid maturity, very dense, 75 days.

Bandolero—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, oval, large, 8-11 lbs, excellent storage, 90-108 days. Resistance: Tip Burn.

Botran—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 5-6 lbs, dual purpose, high yield, good field holding, 80 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows; Intermediate–Black Rot.

Brunswick—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Baker Creek Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, drumhead, large, late season, dense, long storage, 85-90 days.

Buscaro—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, round, 4-5 lb, fresh mkt, moderate storage, 105 days. Resistance: Tip Burn.

Candy Red—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red, pointed head, small, dense, autumn/winter harvest, 78 days.

Capricio—Breeder: Clause UK. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, savoy, 1.5-3 lb, 90-100 days.

Capture—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 3-6 lb, fresh mkt & processing, 83-87 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows; Intermediate–Black Rot; Tolerant–Thrips.

Caraflex—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selecterd Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds, Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, pointed head, 1.5-2 lb, fresh mkt, 10-week storage, 68 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows; Intermediate–Black Rot.

Clarissa—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: deep green, round, savoyed, 1.5-3 lb, early-mid maturity, 78-89 days. Resistance: High—White Rust; Tolerant–Tip Burn.

Columbia—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Siskiyou, Uprising. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, medium, early-mid maturity, resists splitting, fresh/processing, 67 days.

Conquerer—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 4-8 lb, early, fresh mkt, 70 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows, White Rust.

Consulate—Breeder: Tozer. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blue-green, slightly savoyed, 2-3 lb, overwintering, holds well in field, 130 days.

Crystal Vantage—Breeder: Sakata. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 3.5-4 lb, early-mid season, no splitting, 75-80 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows.

Deadon—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny‘s Selected Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds, Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red savoyed, 4-5 lb, with striking lime green interior leaves, very cold hardy, overwintering, 105 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows.

Donator—Breeder: German Heirloom. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, large heads, best for sauerkraut and slaw, 90 days.

Dottenfelder—Breeder: German Heirloom. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, med-large, slightly oval, late, excellent long storage, 90 days.

Dowinda—Breeder: Bingenheim. Vendor: Uprising Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, oblong (not pointed) dense, med-large heads, superb overwintering and storage variety, 100 days.

Early Bird—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, small, early, fresh mkt, 60 days.

Early Jersey Wakefield—Breeder: New Jersey Heirloom. Vendor: Baker Creek Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, pointed head, 2 lb, fresh mkt, very early, 70 days.

Endurance—Breeder: Tozer. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: blue-green, round, savoyed, 2 lb, overwintering, 155 days.

European Storage—Breeder: Heike-Marie Eubanks. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, medium, long-term storage, 100 days.

Filderkraut—Breeder: Bingenheim. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds, Uprising Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, pointed head, large, mid-late, holds well, 90-100 days.

Glory of Enhuizen—Breeder: Dutch Heirloom. Vendor: Baker Creek Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: dark blue-green, round, 8-10 lb head, good for fresh mkt and kraut, excellent keeper, 75-100 days.

Golden Acre—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Baker Creek Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seerds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, 3-4 lb heads, early fresh mkt, compact plant habit, 50-70 days.

Green Pesto—Breeder: Tokita. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: light green, round, small, 2.5-3 lb, very dense, 62 days. Resistance: Tolerant–Black Rot.

Heike-Marie’s Improved—Breeder: Heike-Marie Eubanks. Vendor: Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round to slightly oval, med-large heads, cross between Dottenfelder and another Euro type, 95 days.

Holsteiner Platter—Breeder: Bingenheim. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round to slightly flattened large head, good for sauerkraut, not for storage, 90 days.

Integro—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds, Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark red, round 3-4 lb, fresh mkt, moderate storage, 85 days.

January King—Breeder: English Heirloom. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds, Uprising Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: purplish green savoyed outer leaves, semi-flat, firm, 3-5 lb head, very winter hardy, 160-210 days.

Jetma—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round-slightly oval, small, 2-2.5 lb, fresh mkt, very early, 55 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows.

Kalibos—Breeder: Belarus Heirloom. Vendor: Baker Creek Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red, pointed head, 2-3 lb, good fresh mkt and winter storage, 90 days.

Katarina—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 8-12 oz, very early, 45-50 days.

Kilagreg—Breeder: Syngenta. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 3-5 lbs, early maturing, 70-75 days. Resistance: HR: CR.

Klimaro—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, round, 3-5 lbs, long storage, 100 days.

Marabel—Breeder: Tozer. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, semi-savoyed, slightly flattened heads with purplish wrapper leaves, 1-2 lb, overwintering, maturity varies.

Marner—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Uprising Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, med-large, winter storage type, 120 days.

Marissa—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark green, savoyed, 3.5 lb, 82 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows; Intermediate–White Rust.

Murdoc—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, pointed head, 4-8 lb, fresh mkt/process, 80-83 days. Resistance: Intermediate–Fusarium Yellows.

O-S Cross—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, flat heads, 5 lb, 90 days.

Omero—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, round, small, 1.5-3 lb, early, good storage, 73 days. Resistance: Intermediate–Black Leaf Speck, Tip Burn.

Passat—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, very dense, high dry matter, large, 8-15 lb, kraut/slaw, 85 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows, Tip Burn, White Rust.

Piccolima—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, pointed head, 8-12 oz, early, 50 days.

Primax—Breeder: Heirloom. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, round, 2-4 lb firm heads, very early, fresh mkt, 60-63 days.

Primo Vantage—Breeder: Sakata. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 4-4.5 lb, holds well in the field, 73 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows.

Reaction—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, small, 2-3 lb, dense, good storage, 100 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows.

Report—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green round, 6-8 lb, versatile workhorse, fresh mkt/processing, 116 days. Resistance: High—Clubroot.

Rodynda—Breeder: Dieter Bauer. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red, round to slightly oval, med-large heads, excellent storage, 95-110 days.

Ruby Ball Improved—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, round, 2-3 lb, 72 days.

Stanton—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green semi-savoyed heads with white interior, round, 4-7 lb, long storage, fresh mkt, 125 days.

Superstar—Breeder: Sakata. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 3 lb, fresh mkt & processing, mid-late season, holds well in field, 90 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows; Intermediate–Black Rot.

Tiara—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds, Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 1-2 lb, early, fresh mkt, high density planting, good storage, 55-63 days.

Tinty—Breeder: Hazera. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, pointed head, 1-3 lb, 70-75 days.

Travero—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red, round, 2-5 lb, late, fresh mkt & storage, 120 days.

Typhoon—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green, round, 10 lb, dense, excellent storage, high dry matter, kraut/slaw, 98 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows; Intermediate—Thrips.

Verza Moretta di Veronella—Breeder: Italian Heirloom. Vendor: Baker Creek Seeds, Uprising Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green savoyed leaves blush deep purple in cool weather, very cold hardy for winter harvest, 150 days.

Wakamine—Breeder: Takii. Vendor: Kitizawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: deep green, round to slightly flattened, 3-3.5 lb, resistant to high temperatures, early maturing, fresh mkt, 65 days.

Winter King Savoy—Breeder: English Heirloom. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: dark green, fully savoyed, large heads, very winter hardy, very sweet after frost, 120-180 days.

Winterfurst Savoy—Breeder: Bingenheim. Vendor: Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green, savoy, 5-7 lb, extremely cold hardy, good overwintering, stores well, late, 110 days.

CABBAGE–CHINESE

Steven Peters

1574 Parrott Drive San Mateo, CA 94402

Aichi—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Napa variety, large, barrel-shaped heads, 70 days.

Allred—Vendor: Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, magenta, medium, cold tolerant, late summer/fall heading only, 60 days.

Beka Santoh—Breeder: Chinese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, light green, frilled, slightly serrated leaves, white petioles, fast-growing, 25-40 days.

Bilko—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, large, tall barrel-shaped heads, 60 days. Resistance: High–Fusarium Yellows, Clubroot; Intermediate–Downey Mildew.

Blues—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, large, barrel-shaped 4 lb heads, very slow bolting, 50-60 days. Resistance: High–Downey Mildew, Fusarium Yellows, Black Leaf Speck.

Bopak—Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Seedway Seeds, Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, white-stemmed, medium, dark green glossy leaves, dense & erect head, slow bolting, 45 days.

China Gold—Breeder: Sakata Seeds. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, dark green, heavy heads, compact frame, slow bolting, 65 days. Resistance: Intermediate–Clubroot, Tipburn.

China Star—Breeder: Sakata Seeds. Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, very dark green, 3.6 lb heads, 14 in tall x 6 in dia., slow bolting, 69 days. Resistance: Tolerant–Black Leaf Speck, Tipburn.

Ching Chiang—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, smooth, medium green leaves, thick greenish petioles, early dwarf type, stocky, tolerant of heat and cold, 40 days.

Chirimen Hakusai—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, light green, crepe-textured leaves, 12 in tall, avoid mid-summer heat, 50 days.

Chun Yeon Gold—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, deep green outer leaves, 2-2.5 lb, 12 in tall x 7-8 in wide, low moisture, good for kimchi pickling, 60-70 days. Resistance: High–Downey Mildew.

Emiko—Breeder: Bejo. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, dark green, medium, early, 55 days. Resistance: High—Black Leaf Speck, Fusarium Yellows, Clubroot, Tip Burn.

Granat—Breeder: European Heirloom. Vendor: Meadowlark Hearth Farm, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Michihili variety, green, 15 in tall, slender, cylindrical heads, attractive serrated leaf margins, winter hardy, 60 days.

Green Rocket—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Michihili variety, green, frilly-leaved 18 in tall cylindrical heads, 4-4.5 lb, 70 days.

Green Seoul—Breeder: Korean heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, yellowish-green, narrow leaves, excellent for kimchi pickling, 70 days.

Haku—Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, medium size, resists bolting, tolerant of wet conditions, 56-65 days. Resistance: Tolerant–Downey Mildew, Tip Burn.

Hiroshimana—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, medium green, glossy leaves, pale green midribs, avoid mid-summer heat, 45 days.

Houshu—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Napa variety, green dense, compact, 9 in wide heads, best as fall crop, 85 days.

Hwi Mo Ri—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, deep green outer leaves, 3-3.5 lb head, 14 in tall x 10-11 in wide, low moisture, good for kimchi pickling, 65-70 days.

Kyoto #3—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, 6-7 lb barrel-shaped head, 80 days.

Li Ren Choi—Vendor: Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, small, green stem, uniform, bolt resistant, early, 41 days.

Luck Dragon—Breeder: Adaptive Seeds. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: green-stemmed baby Pak Choi, extremely vigorous, slow to bolt, de-hybridizing a commercial hybrid, at F3 stage, some variability, 35-40 days.

Maruba Santoh Round Leaved—Breeder: Chinese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, light green, round leaves, white petioles, can be harvested at any stage, heat tolerant, 30-40 days.

Matsushimi #2—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed, Uprising Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, barrel-shaped head, suitable for intensive planting, 80 days.

Mei Qing Choi—Breeder: Sakata Seeds. Vendor: Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, small green stem, dark green oval leaves, slow bolting, fast growing, 43 days.

Merlot—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, dark red-purplish outer leaves, 11-12 in tall, prone to internal tip burn & bolting under stressful conditions, 60 days.

Miao 714—Vendor: Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, very small, dark green crinkled leaves, light green stems, very early, 38 days.

Mini Kisaku 50—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, small, 2-3 lb head, early maturing, very crisp yellow core, 50-55 days.

Mini Napa #2—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mini-type Napa, dark green outer leaves, 12 in tall head, 3-4 lb.

Monument—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Michihili variety, dark green, tall cylindrical, upright heads, textured outer leaves, up to 4 lb, 80 days.

Nozaki Early—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds, Siskiyou Seeds, Turtle Tree Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Napa variety, heads green exterior leaves, tall, 18 in large, 2-5 lb, barrel-shaped, for late summer/fall harvest, good for kimchi pickling, 75 days.

Osaka Shirona—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, bright green leaves and firm, white petioles, tolerant of heat and cold, avoid extreme heat, 40-60 days.

Pagoda 79—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Michihili variety, green, long, coned-shaped head, 18-20 in tall, 4-5 lb, 70 days.

Raichu—Vendor: Seedway Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, small, green stem, slow bolting, can be grown in spring.

RCC3—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, pink exterior & red-purple interior leaves, medium bolting, prone to internal tip burn, 85-90 days.

RCC9—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, deeper red-purple color than RCC3 and smaller heads, prone to early bolting and internal tip burn, 85-90 days.

Rubicon—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, deep green leaves, broad white ribs, 11” tall, 5.5-6.5 lb, slow bolting, 52 days. Resistance: Tolerant–Black Leaf Speck.

Scarlette—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, deep magenta-purple outer leaves, white midrib and veins, 13 in tall x 20 in wide, 70-75 days.

Scarrossa—Vendor: Osborne Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, dark green, 5 lb barrel-shaped heads, slow bolting, excellent for kimchi pickling, early, hold in field well, 63 days.

Shanghai Green—Breeder: Chinese heirloom. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Kitizawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, dark green large spoon-shaped leaves, vase-like form, 21 days baby, 45 full size.

Spring Crisp—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, dark green, 5 lb barrel-shaped heads, slow bolting, excellent for kimchi pickling, early, hold in field well, 63 days. Resistance: Intermediate–Clubroot.

Tokyo Bekana—Breeder: Japanese heirloom. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds, Kitizawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, medium green leaves curl at edges and slim white stems, harvest baby leaf to mature, 20-45 days.

Violetta—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pak Choi variety, violet leaves with green undersides and stems, use as baby green or full head, 30 days (baby), 50 days (full).

Vitaminna—Breeder: Japenese heirloom. Vendor: Kitizawa Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: open-head variety, dark green, crinkled, thick leaves, very tolerant of cool temperature, slow to bolt, 45 days.

Wa Wa Tsai—Breeder: Tokita. Vendor: Osborne Seeds, Seedway Seeds, Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, green, fast-growing, dense, 8-10 in mini head, 50-64 days. Resistance: High–Clubroot.

Winter Crisp—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, medium green, 5+lb heads, good cold tolerance, medium heat tolerance, slow bolting, 90 days. Resistance: Black Leaf Speck, Fusarium Yellows.

WR–70 Days—Breeder: American Takii. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Napa variety, medium green, 5+lb heads, early maturing, good cold tolerance, medium heat tolerance, slow bolting, 70 days. Resistance: High–Black Leaf Speck, Fusarium Yellows.

Yuushou—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green stemmed, baby Pak Choi, very slow to bolt, 36 days.

CARROT

Philipp W. Simon

USDA, ARS Vegetable Crops Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706

Adana—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early-maturing bunching cylindrical carrot with the same great flavor and texture as Mokum, but better uniformity and a bit more length. Tops hold up well to cold fall weather, and roots hold well in the field without much oversizing. 2013.

Adelaide—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: True baby carrot; extra sweet and tender, even with skin. Early Nantes type for bunching with a sweet and juicy flavor. Unlike most “baby carrots” Adelaide has an early maturity and forms a blunt root tip at 8-10 cm long. 1992.

Aranka—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Bunching type with a good taste and short strong foliage. Aranka produces smooth cylindrical carrots with an excellent color. 2014.

Atlas—Breeder and vendor: Holland Select. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Small round Parisian Market type. A great variety for shallow soils for its small, 1 1/2–2” diameter root. Good flavor and root uniformity. Stronger resistance to splitting than others of this type. Tops are short but strong for easy bunching.

Bastia—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid-season Berlicum suitable for dicing. Harvest early for cello, late for jumbos. 23 x 5 cm conical roots with rounded tips. Excellent storability. Long Fontana-type with greatly improved tops. 2001.

Belgrado—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Belgrado is a mid- to early season Berlicum type for jumbo or slicing market; makes the best juice with its high carotene and sugar levels. Very bulky 23 x 6 cm cylindrical roots with a uniform high yield. Long shelf life. 2004.

Bengala—Breeder and vendor: Carosem. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Nantes Type. Late maturing type. Tall tops with tolerance to Alternaria dauci. Healthy foliage. Good taste and long storability.

Bergen—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Bulky Berlicium type. Widely planted at higher density and used as a slicing carrot, but can be planted at lower densities for larger fresh-market carrots, or jumbos. Good field holding ability. Excellent storage, good flavor. 1986.

Berlin—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main season, Berlicum type. Large, bulky and cylindrical. Excellent for early cellos or harvest later for jumbo 20 x 8 cm slightly tapered carrots. Good storage. 2008.

Caltona—Breeder and vendor: Carosem. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Caltona F1 is a high yielding variety with strong robust foliage and a high dry matter content. This variety has a vibrant orange color that is consistent throughout the interior.

Canberra—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid- to late- season Chantenay- type with 23 x 8 cm conical roots. Very productive with improved 50-55 cm tops and long storage. 2010.

Candysnax—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; early maturity; cut & peel and slice use; semi-cylindrical shape 25x2cm.

Cordoba—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: High yielding Chantenay type with strong and healthy foliage. Excellent bolting tolerance and grows well under warm, as well under cooler circumstances.

CR1706—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: With smooth skin and strong tops, CR1706 is a cut-and-peel variety with good length and uniformity. CR1706 gives growers a variety offering a pleasant color and flavor in end products. 2012.

CR2289—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: CR2289 features a slightly tapered root that sizes early which helps support high yield potential, and performs well on mineral soils. It is perhaps most valuable however, for its versatility: It can be used for both Fresh Market and processing across the northeast and midwestern United States. 2011.

CreamPak—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Cream colored; early maturity; fresh market and processing use; Imperator shape 22x6cm.

CrispyCut—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; cut & peel and slice use; semi-cylindrical shape 26x2cm.

Crofton RZ (55-300)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Their latest maturing Nantes carrot with excellent uniformity and storage capability. Grown to full maturity is 18-20 cm long at 120+ days; largest current use in North America is to harvest young uniform carrots and per-packed as baby carrot.

Cumbre—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; early maturity; processing use; Chantenay shape 12x5cm.

Cupar—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid-late maturity Chantenay- type with 20 x 8 cm conical roots, broad shoulder, and blunt top. Maintains its attractive, uniform appearance and sweet flavor that improves in storage. Strong 45-50 cm tops are great for mechanical harvest. A reliable long-storing carrot. 1998.

Deep Purple—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main to late season dark purple color to the core. 18-20 cm roots with sweet flavor. An excellent variety for juicing. Tall, strong, healthy tops. Imperator type. 2003.

Diamento—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main and late season Imperator for fresh or processing use; very good upright tops; conical, well rounded root tip; 18-20 cm length; 5 cm diameter; very good color; 140 day maturity.

Dragon—Breeder: J. Navazio. Vendor: Johnny’s/AP Whaley. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Distinctive purple carrot. Well-known for its beautiful magenta-purple skin and broad, Chantenay-type shoulders. Slicing reveals contrasting orange internal color and yellow core. Very thin, smooth skin makes Dragon easier to wash and serve unpeeled than other purples. Roots hold well in the field. Tops are strong and vigorous in early growth to compete with weeds. Internal color will vary. Avg. 13-18cm long.

Duquesa—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: New to the Sakata line-up. Nantes type. Excellent top strength with a very smooth exterior. Vibrant interior and exterior color. Excellent flavor and crisp texture. 15-16 cm long. Adaptable in many areas with mild to moderate climate. 2014.

Elegance—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; fresh market use; cylindrical shape 17x3cm.

Ellis (55-247)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Ellis is a Nantes-type hybrid for fresh market and suitable for long storage. This variety needs 120-140 growing days for full blunt length. The variety is strong against breakage and splitting and has strong foliage for mechanical harvest, stress, and disease pressure. High carotene and Brix values are maintained through storage.

Extremo—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main season Nantes for mechanical harvesting; vigorous, healthy and erect foliage with strong attachment and good aptitude to top lifting harvest; good resistance to first frost; cylindro-conical root shape, uniform size and shape, well rounded tip at maturity, average size with population for slicing; Smooth and very good external and internal root color with good tolerance to mechanical shocks; 19-20 cm length; 4 cm diameter; very good color; intermediate cavity spot and high leaf blight resistance.

Fidra RZ (55-205)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Nantes carrot for pre-packed market. High uniformity in length and diameter, high yield expectation. Flat cultivation: density 1.2-1.5 mpc/ha/Ridge cultivation: Density 1.6-1.8 mpc/ha. This is a middle maturing Nantes.

Fire Wedge—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Fire Wedge is a Kuroda type hybrid carrot. Strong against cracking, its excellent internal and external color make it ideal for both fresh and processing markets. Roots are about 22 cm in length, 6 cm in diameter with a weight of 12.5 ounces (350 grams). Early bolting habit. Recommended harvest is fall to early spring. Matures 120 days after sowing.

Flyaway—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Flyaway combines roots of attractive shape, color and smooth skin, with good resistance to carrot root fly. The variety has been bred to be less attractive to the egg laying flies and the maggots grow poorly on it.

Fuerte—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This carrot is known for its nice uniform shape with strong tops. Fuerte offers high yields as well as blunt tip with some shoulder. The tops are tall and medium green in color. Roots are cylindrical in shape and medium orange in color. Fuerte is an excellent Nantes variety that compares favorably to other Nantes types. 2008.

Gold Nugget—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early season yellow Nantes for fresh or processing use; medium vigor plant with erect tops, with a strong attachment; good aptitude for harvesting by top lifting; very good tolerance to bolting; cylindrical shouldered root shape with very good root quality and flavor, uniform size and shape, smooth and well-rounded tips at maturity, small core, and uniform color; 19-20 cm length; 3-4 cm diameter; very good color; 120 day maturity. Similar: Imperator. 1993.

Hercules—Breeder: J. Schafer. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Hercules is an early-maturing, extremely smooth Chantenay-Kuroda type hybrid. A high yielder, it is an excellent juicing carrot. The medium-orange roots are about 4 cm in diameter and about 18-20cm long. The roots have good flavor, with Brix averaging 8.5 to 9. 1992.

Hestan (55-246)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Hestan is a Nantes-type hybrid for fresh market and suitable for long storage. The variety takes 130-150 growing days for full blunt length. Strong against breakage and splitting, this variety is a very uniform and good yielder with strong foliage for mechanical harvest, stress, and disease pressure. High carotene and Brix values are maintained through storage.

HoneySnax—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; early maturity; cut & peel and bunching use; slight taper shape 24x2cm.

Hoss—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; fresh market, cello, and juice use; blocky shape 22x5cm.

Intrepid—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Intrepid is a 25cm cello type that displays excellent tops as well as a smooth exterior. This variety has a good root shape and vibrant orange color. It is widely adaptable and works well for all seasons in California. 2016.

Istanbul—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid- to main-season Imperator type with strong tops and 23-28 cm roots. Good flavor, nice uniform carrot for cellos and slicers. Well adapted, good performance on both muck and mineral soils. 2012.

Jacinto—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This Imperator cello type is unique because it has an excellent flavor. Jacinto offers great durability and uniformity. Roots are uniform with smooth skin and good top attachment. With good core definition and a medium dark color.

Jackson (B3136)—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early- to main—maturity jumb0 or juicing carrot. Vigorous, upright, healthy tops. 23-28 cm jumbo sized roots. Smooth and attractive root appearance. 2016.

Jefferson—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 Hybrid. Characteristics: With a maturity of 75 to 80 days, Jefferson is a cello carrot with smooth, very uniform roots of good length and flavor. The variety has intermediate resistance to Alternaria leaf blight, black rot and cavity spot. 2017.

Jerada RZ (55-151)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Nantes carrot for early bunch and cello market. Good green and erect foliage. Smooth, early carrot.

Karotan RZ —Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Industry conical carrot. Length: 25 cm and diameter: 5 cm. Growing time: around 180 days. Specially known for its color and dry matter (11%). Very good in cold storage.

Laguna—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; very early maturity; fresh market use; cylindrical shape 18x3cm.

Malbec—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Malbec is a red imperator-type carrot that has excellent internal and external color with a long, smooth root, making it ideal for fresh market growers. Excellent end-product quality makes this a reliable choice for growers in diverse climates. 2016.

Mello Yello—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main season yellow bunching carrot; sweet flavor with yellow coloring. Keeps color even when cooked. An ideal variety for specialty market. An easy growing variety with 15—20 cm roots and 30-36 cm strong tops. 2000.

Morelia RZ (55-200)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Nantes carrot, strong healthy leaves, high yielding variety, long storability both in field and cool storage. Compare to Bolero.

Musico—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early season Imperator for fresh market use recommended for early spring sowing; healthy, upright top habit with strong attachment, good aptitude to harvest by top lifting and bunching, very good tolerance to bolting; very cylindrical root shape, well-rounded tips at maturity; root size (length and diameter) depends on the sowing population; excellent root quality with uniform size and shape, smooth, and good external and internal color; 18-20 cm length; 3-4 cm diameter; very good color; 140 day maturity, high powdery mildew and late leaf blight resistance.

Napoli—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Very full-sized, very early Nantes, with strong dark green tops and cylindrical, smooth, blunt 18-20 x 4 cm roots. A specialized variety with a sweet taste when sown in fall for winter harvest. 1983.

Narvik—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Refined cylindrical early Nantes with good taste, storage and washing quality. Very upright tops. 2016.

Naval—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid- to late—season continental Nantes; strong 40 cm tops, crack resistant, very uniform, long storage; 23 x 4 cm cylindrical roots. 2005.

Navedo (Bejo 3058)—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Late Nantes for bunching use; Jumbo type; cylindrical roots with good length and yield. 20-25 cm in length. 2014.

Negovia—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Continental Nantes for fresh market sales and storage. Sweet taste with a nice crunchy texture. Excellent uniformity makes this a good variety for bunching and mechanical harvest. Available as organic seed. 1999.

Newhall—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid- to late—season continental Nantes for slicing or jumbo market; strong 40 cm tops; 23 x 5 cm cylindrical roots resist cracking; productive, very uniform, good storage. 2005.

Norway—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Nantes carrot for late-season production. Very good tolerance to cracking. Very good long-term storage. 1988.

Olancha—Breeder and vendor: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This Imperator cut-and-peel offers very high field durability and uniformity, and high processing performance. Carrots have very smooth skin, uniform coloration of the core and are easy to cut. These features, combined with great flavor and good top attachment makes this variety a real champion.

Olympus—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Olympus is a cello-type that is outstanding for bunching. It has great color combined with a smooth finish. The taste is outstanding with a very crisp texture. Olympus is very uniform. Yield potential is high with this classy carrot. 2007.

Orange Blaze—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange Blaze has demonstrated adaptability with good quality as a Cello/Jumbo carrot primarily in the Northeast carrot market. While showing adaptability on muck, mineral and deep peat based soils in Ontario and Quebec, Orange Blaze also makes a smooth, cylindrical high quality root on sandy grounds and other soil types in the Midwest States. More vigorous root which will continue to size and make a high percentage of jumbos, compared to SV2384DL or Enterprise. 2019.

PS 07101441—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: PS 07101441 is a cut-and-peel variety with excellent uniformity and good flavor. Its longer roots with smooth skin and strong tops give growers a variety with great root strength that has shown minimal cracking during growth, harvest and processing. 2004.

Purple 68—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Purple colored; medium maturity; processing use; slight taper shape 25x6cm.

Purple Elite—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Purple colored; medium maturity; fresh market, cello and processing use; slight taper shape 20x4cm.

Purple Haze—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Distinctive purple exterior with bright orange interior. A very attractive variety with 18-20 cm tapered roots and medium-short tops. Excellent flavor raw or cooked. Imperator type with large, healthy tops. Plant a bit later to avoid bolting—All America Selections National Award Winner 2015. 2000.

Purple Snax—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Purple colored; medium maturity; fresh market, cut & peel and cello use; cylindrical shape 22x2cm.

Purple Sun—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mid- to late-season bunching 30-36 x 3 cm cylindrical carrot with intense purple color; near solid purple interior. Improved bolt tolerance over Deep Purple. Nantes type. Excellent for juicing. 2008.

Rainbow—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early season specialty carrot; unique hybrid with white, yellow, orange, and coral roots. Rainbow is a single variety with color variability that will mature uniformly unlike colored carrot mixes. Very attractive 18-23 cm x2.5 cm roots. Nantes x Imperator type. 2000.

Rebel—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; fresh market, cello, and juice use; slight taper shape 24x4cm.

Redsun—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Fine, cylindrical, red Nantes. Summer sowing due to bolting.

Resistafly—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Tozer Seed’s latest carrot root fly resistant variety. A Nantes hybrid with long, well colored and smooth roots.

Romance—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; fresh market use; cylindrical shape 17x3cm.

Royal Cross—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Royal Cross is a Kuroda type hybrid carrot. Attractive smooth skin, vivid color both internally and externally with a small core. Roots are about 20 cm in length, 5 cm in diameter with a weight of 9 ounces (250 grams). Early bolting habit. Recommended harvest is fall to early spring. Matures 110 days after sowing.

Samantha—Breeder: J. Schafer. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Samantha is a Berlicum/Imperator-type hybrid. It has mid-early maturity and medium-orange color with sweet flavor. This variety has medium to strong top attachment, with roots that are smooth. Samantha’s yield is very good with good field-holding ability and strong tops. 1987.

Scarlet Wonder—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Scarlet Wonder is Kintoki-type carrot whose skin and core are bright scarlet. Sweet and tender, it matures 120 days after sowing. Good for fall to winter harvest. Length is 30-36 cm with a diameter of approximately 4 cm.

Sirkana—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; late maturity; fresh market use; slight taper shape 18x3cm.

Siroco—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main season overwintering Nantes for fresh or processing use; strong tops with good disease resistances and aptitude to harvest by top lifting; very smooth roots; cylindrical shouldered shape; well-rounded tips at maturity; good internal and external color with a small core, no green shoulders; 20-23 cm length; 3-4 cm diameter; very good color; intermediate cavity spot and aster yellows resistance and high powdery mildew and late leaf blight resistance.

Slendercut—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; cut & peel use; very cylindrical shape 28x1.5cm.

Snowman—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: White colored; medium maturity; cello, bunching and processing use; Imperator shape 24x4cm.

Speedo—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early season Nantes; orange roots with excellent uniformity, very cylindrical, 17-20 cm; 90 day maturity; light green tops with good attachment suitable for mechanical harvest; strong tolerance to premature bolting; intermediate leaf blight resistance.

Sun 255—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; cello, bunching, and juice use; slight taper shape 22x4cm.

SV2214DL—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: With good plant vigor and strong roots, this cello carrot has been selected to meet the specifications for packed carrots going to retail in the United States and Canada. High yield production potential and excellent tops are key features of SV2214DL. Cello use. 2016.

SV2384DL—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Growers will value SV2384DL for its reliability on mucks and mineral soils. SV2384DL is a hybrid cello/slicer variety with a long, smooth root that fills to the tip for good yield potential and has shown low percentage of forking in soils with substrate. 2013.

SV2765DC—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: SV2765DC is a cut-and-peel carrot with excellent length and shape. Containing few terpenes, this uniform variety is very smooth, making it easy for growers to peel during processing. 2016.

SV4128DL—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This variety has nice, smooth, tubular-shaped 25-30 cm roots well-adapted for mineral soils. Strong tops have good disease resistance, and carrots are easy to mechanically harvest. This variety, which can be used in the cello/slicer market, has intermediate resistance to Alternaria leaf blight. 2015.

SVDC1978—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: SVDC1978 has good root shape and size uniformity in combination with good top attachment and plant vigor. Long roots with excellent tops make SVDC1978 an attractive cut and peel carrot in the Seminis portfolio. With tolerance to powdery mildew and the combination of root quality and top vigor, growers will be rewarded with a high yield potential. 2017.

SVDC2089 —Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: SVDC2089 is a cut-and-peel variety with excellent plant health, good root uniformity and eating quality that provides a high yield potential to growers. This variety can be grown in all cut-and -peel carrot growing regions in the U.S., especially in the organic market where health is very important. SVDC2089 has good tolerance to powdery mildew, as well as a superior root with good health and uniformity. Its excellent texture, flavor, clean top, root length and uniformity make SVDC2089 a good option for growers. 2019.

SVDC4193—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: SVDC4193 hybrid can be used in the Cut and Peel & Slicer markets in the US. This product offers high yield potential and great value to the customer. 2018.

SVDL6430—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This cello carrot variety can be used for packed carrot products being sold in the United States and Canada. Growers of SVDL6430 can expect good plant vigor, strong roots and solid fill all the way to the tip with high yield potential. 2017.

Terracotta—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Terracotta is a Kuroda type hybrid carrot. Vigorous, high yielding with good quality, particularly when sown in summer. Roots are about 18 cm in length, 6 cm with a weight of 9 ounces (250 grams). Early bolting habit. Recommended harvest is fall to early spring. Matures 115 days after sowing.

Trafford RZ (55-84)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good for the Industry/processing segment. Strong against Alternaria, high yield potential. Roots are uniform in length and diameter. High field standability.

Triton—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This carrot is known for its superb taste and texture. Triton has strong tops that are erect and dark green in color. Its roots are 23-25 cm long and 3-6 cm in diameter. This carrot is medium-orange and quite cylindrical in shape with a semi-blunt tip. 2006.

Trooper—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; medium maturity; fresh market, cello, and juice use; slight taper shape 24x4cm.

UpperCut—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 Hybrid. Characteristics: Orange colored; late maturity; cut & peel and slice use; semi-cylindrical shape 26x2cm.

Vermilion—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Vermillion is a Nantes/Kuroda cross-bred hybrid carrot. Uniform cylindrical roots have excellent color and taste. Roots are about 8.5 inches (22 centimeters) in length, 2.5 inches (6 centimeters) in diameter with a weight of 10.5 ounces (300 grams). Medium early bolting habit. Recommended harvest is winter to spring. Matures 120 days after sowing.

Viper—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Viper was bred for higher density plant populations and maintains its long length (30-36cm average) to maximize yield for 5 cm pieces. It is bright orange with a small, indistinctive core and incredible top strength with good stem attachment for easy harvesting. Viper provides a similarly terrific consumer experience, combining a great flavor profile and very crisp texture. 2013.

Volcano—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Fall season cello and jumbo Imperator for fresh, processing or storage use; healthy tops with a strong attachment, good tolerance to first frosts at fall, and good aptitude to late harvest by top lifting; cylindrical shoulder shape root with rounded tip, no green shoulders and good tolerance to first frosts during fall; strong tolerance to silvering; good quality and stores very well; 20-23 cm length; 3-4 cm diameter; very good color; 140 day maturity; intermediate cavity spot and high leaf blight resistance.

Warmia RZ (55-602)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Variety for processing—150-180 growing days.

White Satin—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Fresh market/specialty bunching carrot. Luminous white roots with strong, 40-46 cm green tops; 25 cm tapered roots have unique crisp texture and juicy flavor. Roots store well. Adaptable to difficult growing conditions. Available as organic seed. 2000.

Wolin RZ (5-604)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: High carotene and long storability; Wolin RZ is a late-segment Flakkee carrot with good conical-shaped, dark orange roots that have very high levels of carotene, dry matter and Brix. This makes Wolin RZ excellent for the frozen processing market. This variety has strong and healthy leaves, produces a high yield and is suitable for long-term cold storage. High net profit from processing; high yield; high levels of carotene, dry matter and Brix.

Yaya—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early season Nantes; very sweet bunching carrot. Good tops; very good field holding. 15 cm root; 25 cm tops. Sets a new standard for quality and flavor. Available exclusively as organic seed. 2002.

YellowBunch—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Yellow colored; medium maturity; fresh market, cut & peel, and cello use; Imperator shape 22x4cm.

Yellowstone—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Main to late season yellow carrot; an easy growing and popular variety. A vigorous and widely adapted variety that can grow up to 23-25 cm in length. A sweet and mild flavor with strong and feathery 35-40 cm tops. Performs well in almost every soil type. 1995.

Ymer RZ (55-414)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Ymer RZ is a Berlicum/Nantes type for fresh market; suitable for long term storability; 130 growing days; strong, dark green foliage; nice cylindrical shape; average length: 18—20cm.

Yosemite—Breeder and vendor: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Imperator for cello and jumbo use; strong tops and good attachment making easier harvest by top lifting; long and slightly tapered root shape that depends on the sowing population; good quality, smooth roots with excellent deep orange color both external and internal, small core; 25-26 cm length; 2.5-4 cm diameter; very good color; 130 day maturity.

Zeus—Breeder: N. Dragoescu. Vendor: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This is an exciting cut & peel variety. Zeus is a nice-tasting carrot with good texture, size and shape. It has strong tops with medium, light green coloring. Zeus’ roots are 23-28 cm long, 1-2.5 cm in diameter with medium-orange color and are slightly tapered with a semi-blunt shape. 2006.

CELERY

Renee L. Eriksen

USDA/ARS Crop Improvement and Protection Research Unit 1636 East Alisal Street Salinas, CA 93905

ADS-7—Breeder: A. Duda & Sons (Lawrence K. Pierce). Parentage: Gem5A and M68295, derived from ‘Summer Pascal’ and ‘Junebelle.’ Characteristics: Green celery with more compact foliage compared to Slowbolt, also shorter. Resistance: Tolerance to brown stem. Similar: ‘Florida Slowbolt’ but tolerant to brown stem, pith, featherleaf, and is more tolerant of late harvest. Adaptation: Florida. PVP# 200200007. Date granted: 04/29/2003. Patent: US6818810B2. Date granted:11/16/2004.

ADS-8—Breeder: A. Duda & Sons (Lawrence K. Pierce). Parentage: ‘Tall Utah 52-70R’ selection. Characteristics: Green celery with more uniform placement of nodes, darker green petioles. It has improved tolerance to joint cracking, suckers, featherleaf. Similar: ‘Tall Utah 52-70R’ with more uniform node placement, fewer leaves, and darker green petioles. Adaptation: Belle Glade, Florida. PVP# 200200021. Date granted: 04/29/2003. Patent: US6812385B2.

Aritra RZ (4910)—Breeder and vendor: RijkZwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark green celery with smooth, tall petioles, and upright, compact growth habit with no side shoots. 2019.

Bachata—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium to dark green. Early maturing with strong bolt tolerance and yield. Resistance: Late Blight (Septoria apiicola). 2017.

Balada—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark green. A longer stalk type and slightly later maturing. Very smooth stalks. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. v. apii race 2. 2019.

Brittania RZ (4909)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium-green celery with tall, smooth petioles, and upright compact growth habits with no sideshoots. 2019.

Earthrace RZ—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Green celery with dark leaves and petioles. Petioles are uniform, long, and straight with high yield for stick production. Recommended for summer and autumn cultivation in colder production areas and for late spring to late winter cultivation in warm areas. Resistance: Strong against leaf diseases and black heart. Field resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. v. apii race 2 and race 4 (when disease pressure is moderate). Adaptation: Summer and fall in cooler climates. 2019.

Frevo—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Light green celery with smooth stalks. Early maturing with good bolting resistance and yield potential. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. v. apii race 2. 2019.

Gene’s Gem 12—Breeder: A. Duda & Sons (Lawrence K. Pierce). Parentage: Derived from Gene’s Gem 4 and a breeding line derived from Junebelle and Summer Pascal 259-19. Characteristics: Glossier, darker green, with smoother petioles, and improved seeder resistance compared to ‘Gene’s Gem 11-7.’ More compact and more uniform joint placement compared to ‘Tall Utah 52-75’ and ‘Conquistador.’ Resistance: Improved tolerance to Fusarium oxysporum f. v. apii race 2. Adaptation: Oxnard, California. PVP# 9800117. Date granted: 06/14/2001.

Geronimo RZ (49-06)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: An early, green celery variety with smooth, medium-sized, apple-green petioles. The petiole length is uniform with knots at the same level. Productive, yielding 2 to 3 sticks more than average. The plant is compact and upright growing, allowing for labor-friendly harvesting and packing. Suitable for summer, autumn and winter cultivation. Similar: ‘Monterey’ and ‘Imperial RZ.’

Girisha RZ (49-15)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium green celery with upright sticks. Good for sale in flow pack or sale as whole plant. Few side shoots and leaf diseases. Similar: ‘Geronimo RZ’

Goodwin (TZ7708)—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium height and green color, compact, very good resistance to bolting. Can be harvested up to two weeks in advance of other varieties sown on the same date.

Hadrian—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Smooth petioles, uniform dark green color, and uniform shape, mild flavor. Intermediate tolerance to bolting when sown early. Resistance: good resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.v.apii race 2.

Hill’s Special—Breeder and vendor: A. Duda & Sons, Inc. (Lawrence K. Pierce). Parentage: Derived from ‘Tall Utah 52-75’ and ‘Gene’s Gem 18.’ Characteristics: Very good bolting resistance, with petiole counts, compactness, shape, size, color and texture all similar to ‘Tall Utah 52-75.’ Requires a longer cold hour accumulation period (over 1,121 hours) to induce bolting than other cultivars. Resistance: Moderately tolerant to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2. Similar: ‘Tall Utah 52-75.’ Adaptation: Oxnard, California. PVP# 9500019. Date granted: 12/29/1995.

Hudson (TZ 3540)—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team) Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Main season compact variety of medium height and high petiole count, with excellent yields. Resistance: good resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2.

Huron (TZ 4076)—Breeder and Vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: good for early/main season planting in Michigan. Dark green, smooth petioles, low side shoots, good height and mild flavor. Resistance: good resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2.

Kelvin RZ (49-07)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark green, slow bolting celery with long and slender petioles and small spoons. Moderately vigorous for a wide harvest window. The crop is uniform and easy to harvest and pack. Fresh market or processing industry. This variety is recommended for all seasons.

Lobo—Breeder and vendor: ConAgra DBA Gilroy Foods (Agustin Agraz-Merino). Parentage: Derived from ‘Pacifica’ and ‘Cam Lynn.’ Characteristics: Dark green celery with long stalks, good bolting tolerance, reduced branching. PVP# 200000308. Date granted: 11/06/2001.

Merengo—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Fast growing with good disease resistance. Tall, dark green stalks with healthy tops. Resistance: Strong resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2. Adaptation: California. 2008.

Nanaki RZ (49-IT16)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Blanched celery with dark green leaves and short stick length.

Nero (TZ 6029)—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Early season, apple green variety. Medium ribbing and medium height, slow to bolt.

Promise—Breeder: University of California (Carlos F. Quiros and Vincent D’Antonio). Parentage: Derived from ‘Tall Utah 52-75,’ ‘Tall Utah 52-75R,’ and UC-1 with resistance to Fusarium oxysproum f.v. apii race 2. Similar: ‘Tall Utah 52-70R Improved.’ Adaptation: Salinas and Oxnard, California. PVP# 9400108. Date granted: 11/30/1994.

Rivalry (TZ 3540)—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium dark green color. Main season variety with good height and yields. Resistance: Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2.

Sanjit RZ (49-14)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: An early, dark green celery, with good internal uniform petiole color, and slow to bolt. Sticks are long, good against side shoots, with uniform knots at the same level, which makes it a nice prepack product without a lot of leaves into the bag. Vigorous growth. Recommended season is the same as ‘Kelvin RZ’, or all seasons. Similar: ‘Kelvin.’

Stetham—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Fresh apple-green celery with very upright growth habit that develops quickly. Long, smooth, large petioles suitable for processing industry and fresh market. Suitable for growing in all seasons but not bolting resistant.

Sweet 16—Breeder and vendor: Nunes Vegetables, Inc. Parentage: ‘Conquistador SPS’ x SPS. Characteristics: Shorter but significantly heavier than ‘Conquistador’, with greater bolting tolerance and greater resistance to pith than ‘Conquistador’ or ‘Tall Utah 52-75’. Adaptation: Salinas, California. PVP# 9900413. Date granted: 09/12/2001.

T&A Exp 108—Breeder and vendor: Tanimura & Antle, Inc. (R.W. Hepler and Neal DeVos). Parentage: Derived from UC breeding line UC-1, FR9-4 and ‘Tall Utah 52-75.’ Characteristics: Significantly taller than ‘Conquistador’ with shorter petioles, greater bolting tolerance, and thicker petioles than ‘Conquistador’. Resistance: Resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f. v. apii race 2. Similar: ‘Conquistador.’ Adaptation: Ventura and Monterey counties, California. PVP# 9700332. Date granted: 12/31/1997.

T&A Exp 340—Breeder and vendor: Tanimura & Antle, Inc. (R.W. Hepler and Neal DeVos). Parentage: Derived from ‘Tall Utah 52-75,’ ‘Florida 1626,’ and a UC Davis breeding line UC-1. Characteristics: Significantly shorter than ‘T&A Special Celery-1’, with significantly shorter petioles. Resistance: Resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2. Similar: ‘T&A Special Celery-1.’ Adaptation: Ventura county, California. PVP# 9700331. Date granted: 12/31/1997.

T&A Pride—Breeder and vendor: Tanimura & Antle, Inc. (R.W. Hepler and Neal DeVos). Parentage: ‘Florida 1622’ x ‘Tall Utah 52-75.’ Characteristics: Earlier maturing, significantly taller with more, longer petioles that are darker green than ‘T&A Special Celery-1.’ Similar: ‘T&A Special Celery-1.’ Adaptation: Salinas, California. PVP# 9400114. Date granted:3/31/1995.

T&A Special 109A— Breeder and vendor: Tanimura & Antle, Inc. (R.W. Hepler and Neal DeVos). Parentage: Derived from an F3 from ‘Tall Utah 52-75’ and ‘June Belle’ cross with a UC-1 line. Characteristics: Significantly greater bolting tolerance, shorter, with fewer long petioles, and significantly more narrow petioles than ‘T&A Special Celery-1.’ Resistance: Resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2. Adaptation: Monterey county, California. PVP# 9700333. Date granted: 2/27/1998.

Tejal RZ (49-13)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium green, sweet celery. Very good bolting tolerance with a compact growth habit and no side shoots. Resistance: Resistant to black heart.

Tiberius (TZ 4101)—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: tall parallel sided slender petioles of uniform color throughout. Ideal for processing.

Tioga RZ—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark green celery with long and straight petioles, suitable for stick production.

TZ 6200—Breeder and vendor: Tozer Seeds Ltd. (Sara Jennings and team). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Relatively smooth green petioles, high yields, compact tidy plants. Mid-season planting variety. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to Fusarium oxysporium f.v.apii race 2.

Waltz—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark and compact with smooth, uniform stalks and with strong bolt tolerance and better stacking. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.v. apii race 2. Adaptation: California. 2018.

CHICKPEA

George Vandemark

USDA-ARS Grain Legume Genetics and Physiology Research Unit 303 Johnson Hall Washington State University Pullman, WA 99164

CDC Corrine (ICC 12512-1)—Breeder: Crop Development Center, University of Saskatchewan (Canada). Vendor: Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Parentage: pure line selection from landrace ICC12512. Characteristics: desi type seed, pinnate leaves, purple flowers, high yield and very small seed (≈ 20-30 g g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada. 2008.

CDC Frontier (95NN-29)—Breeder: Crop Development Center, University of Saskatchewan (Canada). Vendor: Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Parentage: inbred line (FLIP91-22C x ICC 14912). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and small seed (≈ 30-40 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: widely adapted across Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada, and the United States Pacific Northwest (Idaho and Washington) and Northern Plains (Montana and North Dakota). PVP# 200800173, issued 12/29/2010. 2003.

CDC Leader (493-24)—Breeder: Crop Development Center, University of Saskatchewan (Canada). Vendor: Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Parentage: inbred line (CISN-SP-99 PL 21117 x FLIP95-48C). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and medium seed (≈ 40-50 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight (very resistant). Adaptation: widely adapted across Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada, and Montana and North Dakota in United States. PVP# 201800073, issued 3/27/2020. 2011.

CDC Orion (491-5)—Breeder: Crop Development Center, University of Saskatchewan (Canada). Vendor: Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Parentage: inbred line (FLIP95-48C x 93-120-63K). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and medium seed (≈ 40-50 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: widely adapted across Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada, and Montana and North Dakota in United States. PVP# 201400327, issued 3/30/2015. 2010.

CDC Vanguard (304-22)—Breeder: Crop Development Center, University of Saskatchewan (Canada). Vendor: Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Parentage: inbred line (92073-60D x (92056-8 x ICCV 96029). Characteristics: desi type seed, pinnate leaves, purple flowers, high yield and very small seed (≈ 20-30 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: Saskatchewan and Alberta in Canada. 2006.

Jumbo 2010 (HOGA-508)—Breeder: Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Culiacán, Sinaloa (Mexico). Parentage: inbred line (Dwelley x Blanco Sinaloa-92). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and extremely large seed (> 65 g per 100 seeds). Adaptation: irrigated conditions in Sinaloa and South Baja California (Mexico).

Nash (CA04900843C)—Breeder: United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Vendor: Washington State Crop Improvement Association. Parentage: inbred line (HB-19 x CA9783142). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and very large seed (≈ 60-65 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: Idaho and Washington. PVP# 2001400312, issued 3/30/2015. 2015.

ND Crown (491-5)—Breeder: North Dakota State University, Minot, ND. Vendor: Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. Parentage: inbred line (Stepnoy 1 x Obraztsov Chiflik). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and medium seed (≈ 40-50 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight (very resistant). Adaptation: Montana and North Dakota. 2021.

New Hope (NE21-22)—Breeder: University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE and United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Parentage: inbred line (CA9990B1895 x CA9890233W). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and medium seed (≈ 40-50 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight (very resistant). Adaptation: Western and Central Nebraska. PVP# 201800102, issued 3/27/2020. 2017.

Pegasus (UCD0905)—Breeder: University of California, Davis, CA and United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Vendor: University of California Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: inbred line (CA0290B372 x CA9783142). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, unifoliate leaves, high yield and large seed (≈ 50-60 g per hundred seeds), excellent canning quality. Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys in California. PVP# 201700227, issued 5/18/2020. 2016.

Quinn (CA0790B0043C)—Breeder: United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Vendor: Washington State Crop Improvement Association. Parentage: inbred line (HB-14 x CA9783142). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and large seed (≈ 50-60 g per hundred seeds). Adaptation: Idaho and Washington. PVP# 201900296, issued 4/19/2021. 2020.

Royal (CA04900851C)—Breeder: United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Vendor: Washington State Crop Improvement Association. Parentage: inbred line (HB-19 x CA9783142). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, unifoliate leaves, white flowers, high yield and large seed (≈ 50-60 g per hundred seeds). Adaptation: Lower precipitation (300-450 mm yr−1) regions of Idaho and Washington. PVP# 2001400311, issued 3/30/2015. 2015.

Sierra (CA9783152)—Breeder: United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Vendor: Washington State Crop Improvement Association. Parentage: inbred line (CA188359 x CA188608). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, unifoliate leaves, white flowers, high yield and large seed (≈ 50-60 g per hundred seeds). Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: Idaho and Washington. PVP# 200200123, issued 4/18/2011. 2003.

Sutter (CT-8737)—Breeder: Bean Cooperatives in Common, Tracy, CA. Vendor: Bean Cooperatives in Common, Tracy, CA. Parentage: inbred line (FLIP82-69 x FLIP82-72). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, high yield and medium seed (≈ 40-50 g per hundred seeds), excellent canning quality. Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys in California. PVP# 200300335, issued 8/7/2009. 2003.

Vega (UCD0901)—Breeder: University of California, Davis, CA and United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Pullman, WA. Vendor: University of California Foundation Seed Program. Parentage: inbred line (CA0290B372 x CA9783142). Characteristics: kabuli type seed, pinnate leaves, white flowers, high yield and large seed (≈ 50-60 g per hundred seeds), excellent canning quality. Resistance: ascochyta blight. Adaptation: San Joaquin and Sacramento Valleys in California. PVP# 201700238, issued 3/27/2020. 2016.

COLLARD

Josh Freeman

North Florida Research and Education Center University of Florida, Quincy, FL 32351

Top Bunch 2.0 (CO2107)—Breeder: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturing, tall, semi-erect, lightly savoyed, blue green leaves, uniform growth suitable for bunching or machine harvest for processing. 2019.

Top Chop (CO1302)—Breeder: Sakata. Parentage: F1 hybird. Characteristics: upright plant with smooth, flat, dark green leaves, uniform growth. Slow to develop seed stalks. Suitable for fresh market or processing. 2020.

CUCUMBER

Yiqun Weng

USDA-ARS Vegetable Crops Research Unit Horticulture Department University of Wisconsin Madison WI 53706

Absolute—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: For pickle, machine harvest. Parthenocarpic, dark green and shiny uniform color, fine spine, cylindrical shape, L/D ratio 3.1; plant has open habit, short internode, strong root system, adapted to hot and stressful summer condictiones. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, CMV. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px, Pcu.

Acadia—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Parthenocarpic, fruit are dark green in color, uniform, firm.

Addison—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Generative plant type, light greenish leaf color; fruits are less ribbed than common varieties. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CGMMV, CMV, CVYV.

Alcazar–Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Vigorous and productive plant habit, parthenocarpic, fruit length: 20-23 cm; fruit is dark green and good shelf life, suited to cooler temperatures, intermediate maturity. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px. Adaptation: Slicer for greenhouse production.

Aljona—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Cca. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: Dutch long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Amarok—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American pickle for machine harvest. Parthenocarpic, dark green, uniform color, cylindrical shape, L/D ratio 3.0, good fruit firmness and small seed cavity; plant has open habit with smaller darker leaves. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, CMV. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px.

Anaconda (USAC 17452)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious American slicer, strong plant canopy, fruits are cylindrical averaging 24.3 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2022.

Aristan—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American pickle for machine harvest. Parthenocarpic, dark green and shiny uniform color, fine spine, L/D ratio 3.1, cylindrical shape; plant has open habit, short internode, set 2 fruit per node; adapted to all seasons. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, CMV. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px.

Avenger—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber with green fruit color; gynoecious, 55 days to maturity. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, PRSV. Intermediate resistance to Pcu, ZYMV, CMV, CVYV.

B-3486—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American pickle for machine harvest or hand harvest. Smooth American type, concentrated fruit set, L/D ratio 3.1, good fruit firmness; medium sized plant with good vigor and minimal branching, dark leaves; strong root system. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, CMV. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px, Pcu.

Babylon (PS 30785)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis (K. Owens). Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This gynoecious slicing cucumber produces smooth, dark green, slightly ribbed cylindrical fruit with sweet tasting, fruits have small spines, thick skin and a small cavity, very early. Resistance: High resistance to CMV. Intermediate resistance to Px. Similar: Beit Alpha. Adaptation: For home garden or open field production.

Beesan—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Strong vigorous variety; Excellent for longer cycles; Single fruited; 14-16 cm fruit length. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, CVYV, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for greenhouse production. 2010.

Bernstein (12-110)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Late variety, with good skin texture and high yielding potential. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production.

Blueheaven (24-252)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber; plant with dark leaf and shorter fruit length than 24-223 RZ. Resistance: High resistance to CGMMV, Cca, Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV.

Bluesbrother (24-257)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Verdon type with blue leaf and more open plant type, fruit length somewhat longer. For both traditional and high wire. Resistance: High resistance to CGMMV, Cca, Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV.

Bomber—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Fruits are dark green color, smooth skin and good ribbing, fruit length 30.5 -35.6 cm, suitable for active greenhouse production in both umbrella and high-wire cropping systems. Approximate maturity: 38-40 days. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px.

Bonbon (24-185)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. The crop is strong and compact growing, good fruit quality. Resistance: The first variety in the market with high resistance to CGMMV. High resistance to CGMMV, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px (ex Sf).

Boncanale (24-223)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Variety in Verdon-type ‘blue leaf’. Healthy plant. Fruit longer than Verdon and better yield. Well balanced and rather open plant type. Not tested yet in high wire. Resistance: High resistance to CGMMV, Cca, Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV.

Bonwell (22-551)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. An open plant type, somewhat less vigor than Picowell RZ; Early in production, fruit is ∼15 cm long with dark green fruit color, less fruit weight as Picowell RZ, good shelf life. Resistance: High resistance to CGMMV, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px (ex Sf).

Bowie (12-111)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic, keeps green fruit color very long, also in the big fruits. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production.

Brickyard—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious, smooth fruit, green fruit color, mean fruit length 20.3 cm. Resistance: High resistance to WMV, ZYMV, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, PRSV, Psl, Co:1, Pcu, Px. Adaptation: American slicer for open field production. Adaptable across many growing regions.

Bristol—Breeder: Seminis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer. Fruits average 20 cm long, gynoecious. Resistance: High resistance to: Co, Psl, CMV, Ccu, ZYMV. Intermediate resistance to: Pcu, Px, PRSV. 2019.

Burpless Beauty—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Yields long, deep green fruit, white, firm flesh with small seed cavity, thin-skinned fruit with balance of crispness and juiciness, disease-resistant plants set fruits over several months. Adaptation: For home garden.

Burpless Supreme—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: For either slicing or processing, suited for winter conditions, dark green, spined skin. Fruit length: 18-20 cm. Resistance: High resistance to CVYV, Cca. Intermediate resistance to CMV, Px. Adaptation: For home harden; pickling or slicing use.

Cacique—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer, monoecious, dark green fruit color, and thick walls, early variety. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Psl, Co- 1, Pcu.

Calisto—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A hybrid open field mini cucumber, extremely vigorous plant characterized by its ability to produce high numbers of side shoots, fruit has green color and ribbing. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, Px. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production.

Camaro—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: European Long cucumber suitable for low light conditions, ribbed fruit with a dark color, fruit length 32-36 cm, performs in cooler temperatures, umbrella crop. Resistance: Px. Adaptation: Dutch Long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Carmen—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A gynoecious slicer cucumber, very vigorous plant, dark green, cylindrical fruit, matures in 40-45 days. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Psl, Co-1, Pcu.

Centella—Breeder: Gary Taurick. Vendor: HM.CLAUSE. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A slicer with an early concentrated yield and multiple virus resistance, mean fruit length: 20-23 cm, dark green color. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Pcu, Px, CMV, ZYMV, PRSV, WMV. 2015.

Cervello (24-240)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Market group and/or adaptation: Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Suitable for both traditional and high wire, has nice ribbing and color and some neck. Resistance: High resistance to Cca, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CVYV, Px (ex Sf).

Citadel—Breeder: Seminis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Downy mildew-resistant pickler, suitable for a second planting if downy mildew is a concern, fruit blocky shaped at 12.5 cm long, semi-concentrated fruit set, gynoecious. Resistance: High resistance to Co, Psl, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Pcu, Px, CMV. 2019.

Cobra—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious slicer, good disease package and fruit quality, dark green color. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Psl, Co-1, Pcu. Adaptation: plastic and open ground production. 2005.

Constable—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Cylindrical fruit with dark-green skin, average length: 20.3-22.9 cm, parthenocarpic, approximate maturity: 58 days. Suited for open field production, can also be grown on trellises for longer harvest. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, PRSV, Psl, Px, WMV, ZYMV. Intermediate resistance to CMV, Co, Pcu. Adaptation: American slicer for open field production.

Cool Customer—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Select seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer. Blocky fruits with small seed cavities, suitable for organic growing conditions, resilient vines hold up to late-season stress and diseases. 2019.

Corentine—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A pickle cucumber with small cavity. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV. Adaptation: home garden.

Corinto—Breeder: Enza Zaden/Vitalis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer. Gynoecious and parthenocarpic. Fruits very dark green, 18-20 cm in length with small seed cavity. Skin is thick enough to endure harvesting and handling, but thinner than the average slicing cucumber. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, Px. 2011.

CU19004—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Parthenocarpic, dark green fruits with 30-33 cm in length. Resistance: CVYV, CYSDV, Px.

Cumlaude (24-29)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber, dark green, 30-35 cm fruit length, open plant habit. Resistance: Highly resistant to powdery mildew, strong against burnt heads and mycosphaerella, Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Adaptation: Variety for summer and autumn cultivation in soil. 2003.

Cutter—Breeder: Gary Taurick. Vendor: HM.CLAUSE. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer. Early concentrated yield and multiple virus resistance; Mean fruit length: 20-23 cm; Dark green color; Straight and cylindrical shape; main maturing variety; Vigorous vine. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, PRSV, Px, Psl, Pcu, WMV, ZYMV. 2009.

Darlington—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Smooth, dark green fruit with great length and shape, ideal for multiple picks. Resistance: High resistance to WMV, ZYMV, Psl, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, PRSV, Cca, Co:1, Px. Adaptation: Traditional cucumber, for open field.

Davida—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Open plant type with high resistance to powdery mildew, suitable for the spring and summer crop. Resistance: High resistance to CVYV, Cca, Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CGMMV, CMV. Adaptation: Dutch Long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Deli-King—Breeder and vendor: Seedway Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. Monoecious, hold quality and color throughout multiple picks, fruit size: 9 cm, strong plants that work in later season slots. Resistance: Co, Psl, Ccu, Pcu, Px, CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV.

Deli-Star—Breeder and vendor: Seedway Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. Monoecious, early fruiting, fruit size: 9 cm. Resistance: Co, Psl, Ccu, Pcu, Px, CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV.

Deltastar (22-03)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Has an open plant habit and produces dark green, slightly ribbed fruits with a fruit length of 16-18 cm. Fruits have an excellent shelf life and good flavor. Resistance: High resistance to Cca, Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV. Adaptation: Suitable for summer, autumn and early spring cultivation. It has vigorous growth and is therefore suitable for longer cultivation. 2003.

Diamondback—Breeder and vendor: Seedway Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Fruit hold length throughout extended picks, fruit size: 21.5 cm; gynoecious; days to maturity: 54. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Cca, Co, CMV, Psl, Px, PRSV WMV, ZYMV.

Diomede—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Can be grown on the ground or trellised on short stakes, and suitable for both spring and fall planting, straight, dark-green fruit with average length: 20.3-22.9 cm, broad disease resistance package, approximate maturity: 52 days. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, PRSV, Px, WMV, ZYMV. Intermediate resistance to CMV, Pcu, Psl. Adaptation: American slicer for open field production.

Dixon—Breeder: Ken Owens. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A multi-virus resistant monoecious pickle hybrid, early maturity, dark green fruit. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV. 2020.

Dominator—Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious, dark-green fruit with length: 21.5 cm. Resistance: Ccu, CMV, Co, Pcu, Psl, Px. Adaptation: Slicer for greenhouse production, widely adapted to all growing areas.

DR7109CB—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A dark green, ribbed snacking cucumber (∼35 g per fruit) with long shelf life, generative hybrid with short internodes, small leaves. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CVYV. Adaptation: Snack, greenhouse, suitable for umbrella and high wire cropping systems.

DRL-9510—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: English cucumber suitable for low light operations; suitable for growing year-round, fruit length: 30-34 cm. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Cca, Px. Adaptation: Dutch Long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Durance (24-181)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Dark leaf variety with burning head resistance; fruit has short neck. Resistance: High resistance to Cca, Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Intermediate resistance to CVYV. Adaptation: for high wire crops in extreme conditions (Arizona).

Eldora—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber, delivers best results in high light conditions. Fruit length: 31-35 cm. Resistance: High resistance to Px, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Cca. Adaptation: Dutch Long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Espadana (22-710)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Snack cucumber type. Light green smooth fruit, 8-11 cm long, weight: 70-80 gram. Strong cold tolerance. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Intermediate resistance to CVYV.

Espirit—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious, Eureka-type, a good virus disease package, blocky and dark green color fruit, fruit set on main vine. Resistance: High resistance to ZYMV. Intermediate resistance to CGMMV, Psl, Co:1, Px. Adaptation: For pickle or slicer in open field production.

Estrella—Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mini slicing cucumber on an open semi-concentrated plant, typically high yield on the main stem, fruit length: 14 cm. Resistance: CVYV, Px, ZYMV. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for greenhouse production.

Eureka (PSX 2888)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious plant type, very dark green colored fruit with 3.0 L/D ratio, 57 day maturity, vigorous vine. Resistance: High resistance to WMV, ZYMV, Psl, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, PRSV, Co:2, Px. Adaptation: Pickling cucumber, for home garden, western United States. 1990.

Excelsior—Breeder: Enza Zaden/Vitalis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A pickler for the greenhouse, dark green, blocky, fruit (10-12.7 cm) with American-style spines. Also does well in screen houses, in the field under row cover; parthenocarpic and gynoecious. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Cca. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px. 2012.

Excursion—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American pickle for machine harvest or hand harvest. Concentrated fruit set, darker green than Vlaspik, white-spined fruit, L/D ratio is 3.1; medium-sized, gynoecious plant. Flowering earlier than Vlaspik by 1-2 days. Resistance: High resistance to Psl, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, Co:1, Px.

Georgia—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber for spring and summer crop cycles, dark green, ribbed fruit skin; fruit length: 32-37 cm. Resistance: High resistance to CVYV, Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CGMMV, CMV, Cca. Adaptation: for greenhouse production.

Gershwin (12-108)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American spined, parthenocarpic variety for both machine harvest and handpick. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production, broad adaptability.

Gherking—Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. Parthenocarpic, best results when trellised. Resistance: Ccu, CMV, Px, Pcu.

GVS 18006—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Predominately female, slicing type, fruits are long and cylindrical with glossy green in color with averages 16-18 cm long. Mature in 45 days. Resistance: CMV, MMV, Px, Pcu. Adaptation: Good for open field and under plastic tunnels.

GVS 18049—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Predominately female, slicing type, fruits are long and cylindrical with glossy green in color with averages 16-18 cm long. Mature in 45 days. Resistance: Px, Pcu, PRSV, ZYMV, WMV. Adaptation: Good for open field and under plastic tunnels.

GVS 18173—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Monoecious, parthenocarpic, plant is tall, fruits are dark green, straight and glossy with average 14-16 cm long, suitable for fresh market, as well as pickling. Resistance: Fusarium, CMV, MMV, ZYMV, Px, Pcu.

GVS 18176—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, most suitable for planting in plastic houses or tunnels, fruits are dark green, straight and glossy, fruit size averages 14-16 cm. Resistance: Fusarium, CMV, MMV, ZYMV, Px, Pcu.

GVS 18178—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Parthenocarpic, gynoecious, indeterminate plant, 2 to 3 fruits per node, fruits are dark green, straight and glossy, fruit size averages 14-16 cm. Resistance: High resistance to Px, Ccu. Adaptation: most suitable for planting in plastic houses, net houses or low tunnels.

GVS 18180—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic. Fruits are dark green in color, firm and cylindrical in shape. Fruit size averages 16-18 cm. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: adapted to spring, summer, and early fall planting.

GVS 18190—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic, most suitable for planting in plastic houses, net houses or low tunnels, 1 fruit per node, fruits are dark green, straight and glossy, fruit size averages 14-16 cm. Resistance: CMV, MMV, WMV, ZMV, Px, Pcu.

GVS 18224—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic, fruits are dark green, straight and glossy, fruit size averages 16-18 cm. Resistance: Ccu, ZYMV. PRSV, Fusarium, CMV, MMV, Px. Adaptation: most suitable for planting in plastic houses or tunnels.

GVS 18225—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic, 2 to 3 fruit per node, fruits are smooth cylindrical, uniform and firm with a glossy, dark green color, fruit size averages 16 cm. Resistance: Ccu, Fusarium, WMV, ZYMV, CMV, MMV, Px. Adaptation: most suitable for planting in plastic houses or netted tunnels.

GVS 18226—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic, 2 to 3 fruit per node, fruits are smooth cylindrical, uniform and firm with a glossy, dark green color, fruit size averages 16 cm. Resistance: Fusarium, PRSV, ZYMV, CMV, MMV, Ccu, Px. Adaptation: most suitable for planting in plastic houses or netted tunnels.

GVS 18227—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic, 2 to 3 fruit per node, fruits are smooth cylindrical, uniform and firm with a glossy, dark green color, fruit size averages 16 cm. Suitable for both fresh market and pickling. Resistance: CMV, MMV, WMV, ZMV, Px, Pcu. Adaptation: most suitable for planting in plastic houses or netted tunnels.

GVS 18249—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Parthenocarpic mini cucumber for spring, summer, or autumn. Resistance: Ccu, Px, Pcu.

GVS 18381—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, starts producing in 35 days; fruits are dark green, straight, and glossy slightly ribbed, fruit size 14-16 cm. Resistance: High resistance to Pcu, ZYMV, WMV, PRSV. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: most suitable for planting outdoors, and under small low ground plastic tunnels.

GVS 18702—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Gynoecious, parthenocarpic, semi multi-fruited with strong stem and side shoots, for spring and autumn, fruits are dark green, straight and glossy, fruit size averages 16-18 cm. Resistance: Fusarium, CMV, MMV, Px. Pcu. Adaptation: most suitable for planting in plastic houses or tunnels.

GVS 612—Breeder and vendor: Golden Valley Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Mini cucumber with 2-3 fruits per node, fruit length: 12.7 -15.2 cm, 35 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, PRSV, WMV, Px, CVYV, CMV. Adaptation: best suited for greenhouses, netted houses, plastic tunnels, in spring, summer, and fall.

Honey Plus—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Smooth, pale green to white skin, fruits in 40 days, for fresh snacking, salads or pickling. Adaptation: For home garden.

Intimidator (SVR 3501217)— Breeder: Nischit Shetty. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Gynoecious, early maturing, dark green color, uniform shape and an even taper on both ends, good for multiple harvests, fruit average 18-20 cm in length, smooth. Resistance: anthracnose race 2, angular leaf spot, cucumber mosaic virus, downy mildew and scab. Similar: Dasher II, Thunder. Adaptation: wide. 2001.

Itachi—Breeder: Proprietary. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Specialty cucumber. Parthenocarpic, white Asian long cucumber, average 23-28 cm long, holds up well to cooking, trellising produces straighter fruit. Allow the plant canopy to shield the fruits from sun. Adaptation: suitable for both the greenhouse and field, but exposure to direct sunlight may cause light greening of the fruit. 2019.

Jawell—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mini cucumber, fruit 10-15 cm long. Open plant with short internodes. Fruits can be harvested with or without stems. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, Px (intermediate resistance to powdery mildew).

Kasja—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Resistance: High resistance to Cca, Ccu, Px. Adaptation: Dutch Long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Katrina—Breeder: Enza Zaden/Vitalis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. A snacking cucumber with good heat tolerance, thin-skinned, best harvested at 14-16.5 cm long; gynoecious, parthenocarpic. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px. Adaptation: an early to midseason crop in protected culture. 2010.

Khassib (22-75)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Open plant type, laterals are very short and self-pruning, has relatively small leaves. It is strong female flowering. Semi-multi fruiting per axe, nicely ribbed and has a dark green color, shiny with good shelf life. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV.

Lagos—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer type cucumber; fruit is dark-skinned and smooth, parthenocarpic. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, CVYV, Ccu, Cca, Sf. Adaptation: recommended for tunnel, greenhouse, or isolated early field production.

Lennon (12-115)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A parthenocarpic pickle for both machine and hand-picking market, fruit L/D ratio 3.0, good stable fruit-setting. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production, broad adaptability.

Lisboa—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. An early crop (45 days to maturity), parthenocarpic, fruit length: 20-23 cm, two fruit at each internode. Resistance: Ccu, CMV, CVYV, Pcu, Px. Adaptation: suitable for high tunnels or greenhouse (including hydroponic) production.

Liszt (12-301)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A parthenocarpic, spined gherkin variety. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production.

Logan—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good crown fruit setting. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for machine harvest. 2010.

Manny—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Developed for greenhouse production, fruit is shiny, medium green, smooth with 12.7-17.8 cm in length, parthenocarpic. Best yields occur when trellised but performs well in open field production too. Resistance: Px. Adaptation: Beit Alpha for greenhouse or field production.

Max Pack—Breeder: US Agriseeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer. Uniform 11.5 cm pickle, resists bitterness under stress, small seed cavity. Similar appearance to Jackson Supreme, but higher yielding and more disease resistant. Resistance: High resistance to Co, Ccu, WMV, ZYMV. Intermediate resistance to Psl, CMV, Px, PRSV. 2018.

Maxxima (USAC 17366)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious pickle, dark green fruit with thick skin and a small seed cavity, average fruit 11-cm size. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, PRSV, Px, Ccu, Co. 2020.

Melin—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A variety for slicing and snacking; early maturing; fruit length 12.7-15.2 cm, 1–2 fruits per node, gynoecious. Adaptation: For home garden; pickling or slicing use.

Mercury—Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious, fruit has shiny dark green color, fruit length: 12.7-17.8 cm, L/D ratio is 3.5; maturity days: 50-55. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for greenhouse production.

Mestizo—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Monoecious hybrid, dark green fruit with thick walls and extended shelf life. Resistance: CMV, WMC, ZYMV, PRSV, Px, Ccu, Co, Psl. Adaptation: adaptable to many climates and has an extended production cycle.

Mini-me—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Parthenocarpic mini variety for snacking at 7.6-8.5 cm long. Plants set 2-5 fruit per node and perform well in protected culture.

Modan (22-951)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Modan RZ has a more vigorous plant-type than Caman RZ. Variety is making long side-shoots. Fruits are slender and a fraction longer. Dark skin color. Single fruited on both stem and side-shoot. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px (ex Sf). Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV.

Mongoose–Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Dark green fruit color, fruit length: 20.3 cm, 55-60 days to maturity. Resistance: Cca, Ccu, Co: 1, Psl, Px, CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV.

Nokya—Breeder: Proprietary. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Specialty, Japanese Long. Asian long cucumber (28-33 cm in length), fruit dark green, and glossy with small seed cavities, parthenocarpic. Resistance: Px. 2019.

Pantera (USAC 16640)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic American slicer cucumber. The plants produce primarily one fruit per node, averaging 27 cm that are cylindrical in shape with dark green color. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, Px. Adaptation: recommended for greenhouse production. 2020.

Paraiso—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Dark green and vigorous plants, dark green fruit (20 -23 cm in length). Resistance: Px, CMV. Adaptation: adapted for field or tunnel culture.

Patio Snacker—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A patio vegetable, a snacker cucumber in a large container with a short trellis, short, 8-13 cm branching vines with dark green fruit (15-20 cm in length). Adaptation: For home garden.

Peacemaker—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. Concentrated fruit set suitable for machine harvesting; dark colored fruit with 3.1 L/D ratio. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, Psl, Ccu, Co:1. Intermediate resistance to Pcu, Px.

Perseus (USAC 12000)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A mini cucumber for open field, dark green fruit, average fruit length 16 cm. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, ZYMV, Px. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production.

Pick A Bushel—Breeder and vendor: Seeds By Design. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. Compact bush-type cucumber spreading only about 61 cm, light green cucumber with a nice firm texture, fruit length is 7.6-15.2 cm, 50 days to maturity. Resistance: WMV, CMV, Ccu.

Picolino—Breeder: Enza Zaden/Vitalis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Snacking cucumbers with glossy, thin, dark green skin, best harvested at 10-13 cm, gynoecious and parthenocarpic. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Cca. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px. 2019.

Picowell (22-511)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Open plant type, strong fruit setting, fruit is ∼15 cm long with dark green fruit color. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: adapted for both traditional year-round cultivation and cultivation with artificial light in the temperate climate zone.

Platina—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling, multi-pick. Green fruit color, L/D ratio: 3.2, suitable for multi pick markets. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. 2010.

Poniente—Breeder: Enza Zaden/Vitalis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Long European cucumber with improved disease resistance. Poniente offers an upgrade from Tyria with added resistance to CMV and CVYV. Bitter-free, 30-33 cm fruits grow straight with trellising and fill out well; gynoecious and parthenocarpic. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px. 2019.

Puccini RZ—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic pickling variety, high heat tolerance. The plant has small to medium leaves with short internodes and short side shoots. Dark green leaf color. Has blocky fruit. Resistance: Px, Co, Ccu. Adaptation: suitable for mechanical harvesting and traditional handpick cultivation.

Python—Breeder and vendor: Seedway Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Fruit maintains dark-green color with less yellow belly, fruit length: 21.5 cm, 55 days to maturity. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Co, Cca, CMV, Px, Psl.

Quirk (22-718)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Specialty cucumber. A mini cucumber for snacking and pickling. Short vines produce 5-7 cm fruits. Performs well in the greenhouse or unpruned, in the field. Daily harvest is recommended. Gynoecious and Parthenocarpic. When growing indoors, a trellis with multiple leaders is recommended. Pruning to a single leader will reduce yield potential, and typical long-vine cucumbers may shade out Quirk if grown too close. Resistance: High resistance to Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV. Resist beetle damage. Adaptation: for greenhouse or open field. 2019.

Qwerty (22-716)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Snack cucumber, dark fruit color and good shelf life. Crop is generative. Variety is very early in production. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV, Px (ex Sf). Adaptation: Suitable for lower light conditions.

Raceway—Breeder and vendor: Seedway Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Raceway is a longer slicer that can be considered for plantings where heat stress may shorten fruit length. Gynoecious, strong dark green color with uniform color and reduced yellowing belly; fruit length: 21.5-254. cm. Resistance: High resistance to WMV, ZYMV, Psl, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to CMV, PRSV, Cca, Co:1, Pcu, Px. Downy Mildew resistance is good for later season plantings and for extended harvest.

Raider (G4U4)—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Early gynoecious hybrid with uniformly dark green, non-stippled, cylindrical fruit. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Psl, CMV. Similar: Poinsett. Adaptation: A choice to start the season within the Northern U.S.

Rockingham—Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slicer cucumber. Gynoecious, dark green fruit with mean fruit length: 21.5 cm; 57 days to maturity. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Psl. Intermediate resistance to CMV, Co: 1, Px.

Rubinstein (12-114)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A variety for machine and hand harvest for the USA, with European spine type. Straight shape and dark green color. Good internal quality and no tough skin. L/D ratio 2.9:1; More uniform fruit setting than existing varieties. No strong disease-package. No tough skin, not sensitive for blossom end rot with good stability. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production.

Rufan (USAC 16703)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A parthenocarpic American slicer, dark green fruits averaging 26 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, CYSDV, Pcu, Px. 2021.

Salad Bush—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Salad Bush is a small monoecious slicer cucumber with a snackable quality. It has a compact or dwarf plant habit that fits in pots for a patio or container garden. Fruits are cylindrical in shape with a slight taper, dark green color with fruit length ∼8 cm, 57 day maturity. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, Ccu. Adaptation: for home garden. 1988.

Salt and Pepper—Breeder: Cornell University. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: inbred line. Characteristics: Specialty pickling. White-skinned pickling cucumber. Compared to Miniature White and Boothby’s Blonde (both have white fruit), the 7.6-12.7 cm fruits are similar in size, with improved flavor and disease resistance. Black spines. Resistance: Psl, Px. 2011.

Samir—Breeder and vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Mini cucumber; parthenocarpic; fruit length: 16.5 cm; 55 days to maturity. Very good setting under high temperatures. Uniform fruit size and high yield. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, Px, ZYMV. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for greenhouse production.

Sassy (HMX 9465)—Breeder: Gary Taurick. Vendor: HM.CLAUSE. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. A gynoecious hybrid, dark green indeterminate vine, dark green fruit color, good disease package, concentrated yields, dark green exteriors, L/D ratio: 3.2-3.4; fruit with small seed cell, can be either machine or hand harvested. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Co:1 (anthracnose race 1), CMV, Psl (Psl); Px. Adaptation: Adapted in the North or South. 2004.

Senor—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious, slicer, dark green, smooth skin. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, PRSV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca.

Sepire—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Resistance: High resistance to: Cca, Ccu, Px, CGMMV. Adaptation: Dutch Long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Sequence—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Resistance: High resistance to Cca, Ccu, Px, CGMMV. Adaptation: Dutch long cucumber for greenhouse production.

Silver Slicer—Breeder: Cornell University. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious, white skinned slicer, fruit length 17.8-20.3 cm with tender skin. Monoecious vines. Resistance: High resistance to Px.

Skywell (22-560)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. A variety with darker leaf, yet not blueleaf. Fruit length is longer than Picowell RZ. Resistance: High resistance to Px. Intermediate resistance to CMV, CVYV. Adaptation: a mini cucumber adapted for high wire.

Soarer—Breeder and vendor: American TAKII. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A Japanese cucumber with glossy, deep green, smooth skin. Fruit is 21-22 cm long and weighs 90-00 grams. Monoecious flowering habit with a medium number of female flowers. Adaptation: Specialty cucumber, open field.

Socrates—Breeder: Enza Zaden/Vitalis. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. A large Beit Alpha for colder conditions. Dark green, thin-skinned, 18-20 cm fruits are tender. Gynoecious and Parthenocarpic. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Cca. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: Suitable for growing indoors with temperatures ranging from 10–28°C. 2010.

Southern Delight—Breeder and vendor: American TAKII. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A Japanese long cucumber. Fruit is glossy, deep green skin color and is 21-23 cm in length. Monoecious flowering habit with a medium high number of female flowers. Adaptation: Specialty cucumber, open field.

Speed—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a variety for hand harvest. Small (baby) fruit production. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. 2020.

Speedway (PSX 104388)— Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Speedway is an early, 56 days, gynoecious hybrid slicer variety that produces fruit with uniform dark green skin and a cylindrical shape, strong vigorous vine. Fruit 30 cm in length. Resistance: High resistance to Psl, Ccu, Co:2. Intermediate resistance to CMV, Px. Adaptation: American slicer for open field production. 1991.

Stonewall (HMX-8416)—Breeder: Gary Taurick. Vendor: HM.CLAUSE. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: An American slicer with dark green fruit. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Co:1 (anthracnose race 1), CMV, Psl (Psl); Px; Pcu. Similar: General Lee. 2000.

Sugar Crunch—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A variety with smooth tender skin, suitable for greenhouse, predominant female flowers, compact vine (though not a bush). Resistance: CMV, Px, Pcu. Adaptation: For home garden.

Summer Dance—Breeder and vendor: American TAKII. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Summer Dance is a Japanese long cucumber with uniform glossy, deep green fruit. Fruit is 21-22 cm long and weighs 90-100 grams. Monoecious flowering habit with a medium number of female flowers. Resistance: High resistance to Px, Pcu. Intermediate resistance to Ccu, Cca. Adaptation: Specialty cucumber, open field.

Summer Top—Breeder and vendor: American TAKII. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Summer Top is a Japanese long cucumber. Fruit is very uniform, 21-22 cm long. Monoecious flowering habit with a medium number of female flowers. Adaptation: Specialty cucumber, open field.

Super Max (USAC 17365)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Super Max is a monoecious pickle cucumber hybrid, 45 days to first pick. Fruit is dark green with thick skin and a small seed cavity. Suitable for fresh market and for pickles. It can be cultivated staked or on the ground. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, PRSV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2020.

Superior—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Superior is a hybrid gynoecious slicer with dark green colored fruit. Resistance: PRSV, Ccu, WMV, ZYMV, Psl, Co, CMV, Px.

Supremo—Breeder: US Agriseeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: American slicer. Monoecious, pickle, fruit 7.6-11.4 cm long, dark green fruits with the classic blocky shape, good flavor and firm texture, 40-45 days to first pick, dark green fruit with thick skin and small seed cavity, LD ratio of 3:1. Resistance: Co, Psl, CMV, Px, PRSV, Ccu, WMV, ZYMV. 2022.

SV3462CS—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A slicer with vigorous vine, uniform, dark-green fruit, fruit length: 22.9 cm. Resistance: ZYMV, Psl, Px, Pcu, Ccu, Cca. Adaptation: Regions best suited for production are Midwest and Northeast.

SV4142CL—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good adaptability and disease resistance package, fruit length: 22 cm. Resistance: High resistance to ZYMV, Psl, Cca, Ccu, Co:1. Intermediate resistance to PRSV, Pcu, Px. Adaptation: Slicer, for home garden.

SV4719CS—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious slicer hybrid, uniform, dark green, smooth fruit, broad disease package. Resistance: High resistance to ZYMV, Psl, Ccu, Co:1. Intermediate resistance to Pcu, Px.

SV5479CN—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Pickling cucumber. A hand-pick variety, medium to dark green blocky fruit, adaptable to many growing conditions. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, Psl, Ccu, Co:1. Intermediate resistance to Px.

SV7135—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: SV7135 is a machine-pick variety, concentrated fruit set. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, Ccu, Co:1, Psl. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: American pickle for open field production.

Sweet Success—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Sweet Success produces long, straight cucumber fruit, rounded at blossom end, medium green, 30-36 cm in length, 54 day maturity, gynoecious, white spined, parthenocarpic. Resistance: high disease resistance to scab (Ccu) and target leaf spot (Cca). Adaptation: Slicer, for home garden.

Tacana—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Multi-pick blocky pickling cucumber good for fresh market, processing brine and processing vinegar. Hand harvest, good disease package, L/D ratio is 3.1. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. Intermediate resistance to ZYMV. 2017.

Takeshi—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Takeshi is parthenocarpic Dutch long cucumber that has an open plant with good ventilation and very dark green leaves. The plants produce very dark and well-grooved straight fruits. The fruits have a short and rounded neck and great regrowth. Good post-harvest conservation. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, CYSDV, Px. Adaptation: It adapts to high-temperature conditions and regions with longer days. 2021.

Tatami—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Tatami is a parthenocarpic Dutch long cucumber. The plant produces 1-2 dark green well-grooved straight fruits every node. The fruits have a short and rounded neck and great quick regrowth. Good post-harvest conservation. Resistance: CVYV, CYSDV, Px. Adaptation: adapts to lower temperature conditions with shorter days. 2021.

Taurus—Breeder and vendor: American TAKII. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Taurus is a Japanese long cucumber (21-22 cm in length). Monoecious flowering habit with a medium number of female flowers. Adaptation: Specialty cucumber, open field.

Telluride—Breeder and vendor: De Ruiter. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A Dutch long cucumber for the winter crop. Acceptable fruit neck; Open plant habit. Fruit length: 32-37 cm. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Cca. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: for greenhouse production.

Thana—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early fruiting, plants have muti-pistillate. The fruit is green to dark green in color, mean fruit length 15 cm with an average weight of 90 grams. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, ZYMV, Px. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production.

Thunder (XPH 1700)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: An early, predominantly gynoecious slicer with uniform, dark green, smooth, and glossy fruit with 20.3-22.9 cm in length; vigorous vine, blocky stems and blossom ends, white spined, early yield. Resistance: scab, powdery mildew, downy mildew, anthracnose, cucumber mosaic virus, zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Adaptation: American slicer for open field production. 1993.

Unagi—Breeder: Proprietary. Vendor: Johnny’s Select Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Progeny from Beit Alpha and Long Asian cross. Glossy, spineless fruit with tiny seed cavities. Harvest at 23-28 cm long. Gynoecious and Parthenocarpic. Resistance: High resistance to CMV, Cca, Px. Adaptation: Dutch long cucumber for greenhouse production. 2021.

USAC 0112—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A mini cucumber for open field production with an extremely vigorous plant characterized by its ability to produce high numbers of side shoots. This early maturing variety has fruits that are 15 cm long with green color and ribbing. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, ZYMV, Px, Pcu. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production. Adapted for early, main season, and late season crops.

USAC 0329—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber that is early maturing and exhibits an open plant with self-pruning branches. Performs well in all planting segments and is noted for being cold tolerant. The fruit measure 15 cm are medium dark green in color, cylindrical and very uniform. Resistance: Px.

USAC 10665—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic, Beit Alpha (mini), fruit are cylindrical, 15-17 cm in length, dark green, mature during early main season. Adaptation: does well in spring and winter production.

USAC 16632 (CU35685135)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A Dutch long cucumber. The fruit are dark green in color, cylindrical, straight, an average 30-37 cm in length. Resistance: CVYV, CYSDV, Px (Px). Adaptation: adapted to winter crop conditions and can set in hot temperatures.

USAC 16634 (CU25985009)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Vigorous open plant with short internodes, dark green in color, slightly ribbed, cylindrical, uniform, firm fruit, fruit length: 32-35 cm. Resistance: CVYV, CYSDV, Px.

USAC 16638 (CU28392)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A Dutch long cucumber. The fruit are dark green in color, ribbed, firm, uniform, cylindrical in shape, and average 30-35 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, CYSDV. Adaptation: This variety sets well in hot temperatures and is suitable for planting in summer, fall and spring growing season.

USAC 16640 (CU27138)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic slicer, primarily one fruit per node, cylindrical in shape, dark green color, average 27 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, CYVY, Px. Adaptation: recommended for greenhouse production in spring and autumn season.

USAC 16674 (Majd)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic, Beit Alpha (mini), multi pistillate flowering with 3 fruits per node; short internodes, dark green fruit with medium ribbing, fruit length 15-17 cm. Resistance: CMV, ZYMV, CVYV, Px. Adaptation: mini cucumber for spring and autumn segment.

USAC 16676—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious. This variety produces smooth, cylindrical fruit with medium/dark green in color. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, CVYV, Px, Pcu. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production.

USAC 16677 (CU414122)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic, Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber, multi-pistillate flowering with 3 fruits per node, plant has short internodes; fruit are dark green in color with medium ribs, cylindrical in shape. Resistance: CMV, ZYMV, CVYV, Px. Adaptation: adapted to spring and autumn segment of production.

USAC 16679 (GZ14117)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A mini cucumber suited for open field production. The plant structure allows for ease of picking and pruning and produces a concentrated set. The fruit are cylindrical in shape, dark green in color, uniform, firm, primarily gynoecious with good post-harvest qualities and early maturity. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, CVYV, Px (Px-2), Pcu. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production.

USAC 16680 (Banglas)-White—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: The fruit are cylindrical, uniform, firm, an average 28-30 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, Px, Ccu. Adaptation: A white Dutch long cucumber that has medium plant vigor producing intermediate internodes for early spring growing season.

USAC 16681 (CU31013143)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A parthenocarpic Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber that has a strong plant that exhibits short internodes and is good for short cycle winter production. This plant is mono-pistillate with cold tolerance. The fruit are 18-20 cm in size, firm, uniform, dark green in color, and has good post-harvest qualities. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, Px.

USAC 16683 (Akiles)–Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. Plant with a broad leaf and green color, good setting in high temperature, fruit is dark green in color, uniform, firm, and average 30-35 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, CYSDV.

USAC 16686 (CU574)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. The plant produces multi-pistillate flowering with three fruits per node. The fruit are dark green in color, show medium ribbing, are firm, cylindrical and average 15-17 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, ZYMV, CVYV, Px. Adaptation: for summer and early autumn growing seasons. The variety can perform well in hot temperatures.

USAC 16703 (CU322174)—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic slicer, dark green fruit color, averages 27 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, CYSDV, CVYV, Px, Pcu.

USAC 16715—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic slicer, fruit dark green in color, average 27-29 cm in length, cylindrical in shape. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, CYSDV, Px, Pcu.

USAC 17003—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A parthenocarpic beit alpha (mini) cucumber that is for spring and summer growing seasons. The fruit are green in color, firm, cylindrical and average 15-cm in length.

USAC 17367—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious pickle, matures 49 days to first pick, fruits are medium green in color, multi virus resistance, very strong plant canopy. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, PRSV, Px, Ccu, Co. 2021.

USAC 17369—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious US slicer, dark green color, cylindrical averaging 23 cm in length. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2021.

USAC 17373—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Gynoecious, American slicer, dark green fruit, cylindrical while averaging 23 cm in length. Resistance: WMV, ZYMV, PRSV, ZYMV, Px, Psl, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2021.

USAC 17380—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious pickle cucumber, 40-45 days to first harvest, dark green fruits averaging 10 cm in size, multi-virus resistance. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2021.

USAC 17453—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious US slicer, fruit has dark green color, cylindrical shape with an average of 23-cm length. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2021.

USAC 17487—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic pickle, 45 days to first pick, medium green fruits. Resistance: CMV, WMV, PRSV, Px, Ccu, Co. Adaptation: adapted to cultivation in mesh house and open field conditions. 2022.

USAC 17500—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A monoecious American slicer cucumber with good tolerance to target leaf spot and downy mildew. Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Co, Cca. 2022.

USAC 17711—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A parthenocarpic mini cucumber that is very early maturing, dark green fruit color. Resistance: CMV, CVYV, CYSDV, Pcu, Px. Adaptation: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber for open field production.

USAC 8834—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Beit Alpha (mini) cucumber. Parthenocarpic, has a medium to vigorous plant, dark glossy green fruit averaged 16-18 cm in length. Resistance: Px, Ccu. Adaptation: can be produced in spring, summer and early fall planting slots.

USAG 17471—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic pickle, 45 days to first pick, medium green fruits. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Co. Adaptation: adapted to cultivation in mesh house and open field conditions. 2022.

V5016—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good crown fruit setting. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for machine harvest. 2016.

V5025—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good crown fruit setting. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for machine harvest. 2018.

V5031—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good crown fruit setting. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu, Px, CMV. Adaptation: American pickle for machine harvest. 2020.

Verdon (24-150)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber, has strength against root and stem diseases. Resistance: High resistance to CGMMV, Cca, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Px (ex Sf), CMV, CVYV. Adaptation: suitable for plantings between February and August. The production is not as high as Addison RZ, but this is a great choice for off season plantings or where diseases have been present in a previous crop.

Warrior—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri/US AgriSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Monoecious slicer, multiple disease resistance, dark green fruit color, and thick walls with extended shelf life, early variety Resistance: CMV, PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, Px, Ccu, Psl, Co- 1.

Wealthy—Breeder: Gary Taurick. Vendor: HM.CLAUSE. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A processing pickle, L/D is 3.0-3.2, semi determinate plant type, slightly tapered, medium green shape. Resistance: High resistance to Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Ccu, Psl, Px, CMV. Adaptation: suited for both machine and hand pick harvest, mid-season maturity. 2011.

Winmar (24-226)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan BV. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Dutch long cucumber. The plant is less light sensitive with balance in vigor and fruit setting. Easy fruit setting under low light conditions; Against burned heads; Strong against Pythium; Has deep ribbing with a good shine color; Fruit size ranges from medium to large. Resistance: High resistance to Cca, Ccu. Intermediate resistance to Px. Adaptation: a winter variety with best planting period from 1 October until 10 December.

Zipangu—Breeder and vendor: American TAKII. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: For slicer or pickling. Sooyow-type cucumber, suitable for both pickling and fresh use. Dark green fruit is 21-22 cm long and weighs 90-100 grams. Resistance: High resistance to Px, Pcu, ZYMV, WMV2. Intermediate resistance to CMV.

EGGPLANT

Dakota N. Moore and Sanjun Gu

Cooperative Extension. North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University 1601 E. Market St. Greensboro, NC 27411

Amadeo—Breeder and vendor: Park Seed Company. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: a spineless plant reaching about 3 feet high, well branched and vigorous; heavy 5-inch wide, 8-inch long dark purple to black fruit. Harvest in 65 days. Resistance: Southern blight. 1997.

Anamur—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early, elongated, black eggplant is a cross between a Japanese type and the classic Mediterranean type; long fruit with a slightly bulbous end is shiny, deep purple, with a green calyx; uniform in shape and size when harvested regularly. Harvest in 55 days.

Angela—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: striped Italian type for greenhouse production. Excellent flavor from visually striking, glossy, dark purple fruits with white striping; remarkably high yields and a strong plant to make it through the long greenhouse season; typically picked at half-pound size; reduced-spine plant with green calyx. Also known as Dominican eggplant. Harvest in 65 days.

Annina—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: spineless, purple-striped Italian type; glossy, variegated eggplant with an attractive teardrop shape; average 7 to 8 inch long by 3 to 4 inch diameter; earlier and higher yielding than ‘Nubia’, which it replaced. Bright green calyx; no spines. Harvest in 69 days.

Antigua—Breeder and vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: smooth and nutty-flavored gourmet Italian eggplant features teardrop-shaped fruit streaked with lavender; fruit grows to 6 to 8 inches long, and the snow-white flesh is tender, mild and never bitter. Harvest in 80 days. 2012.

Ao Daimaru—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company. Parentage: open pollinated Characteristics: fruit is globe-type with a flat bottom, light green skin, green calyx, and averages 1/4 lb. Harvest in 65 days. 2005.

Aretussa—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid Characteristics: high-yielding white eggplant; attractive and uniform, 6-8 inch long by 2.5-3.5 inch diameter, cylindrical fruit. Suitable for heated and unheated greenhouse structures, as well as open-field production; well-branched, spineless sturdy plants; thin-skinned and easily bruised fruit; green calyx. A great local, fresh market treat. Spineless. Harvest in 60 days.

Asian Delite—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: slender, bright purple fruits; high yielding, upright plants produce beautiful, mostly spineless fruits; average 8–10 inch long fruit; earlier and higher yielding than ‘Orient Charm’, which it replaced; green calyx. Harvest in 50-55 days.

Astrakom—Breeder and vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated Characteristics: deep purple, elongated teardrop-shaped fruit are smaller and a bit earlier than Diamond; compact plants produce lots of medium-small (about 4 inch long) fruit; very attractive on a plate when sliced in half lengthwise and roasted. Small plants grow to about 2 feet making this variety very suitable for container growing. Harvest in 60 days.

Aswad—Breeder: Nael Aziz of Iraq. Vendor: Rare Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: native of Iraq, created by Nael Aziz; dark purple-black fruit gets exceptionally large, to 3 pounds or more; shaped like a squat teardrop, the flesh is sweet and tender, perfect for grilling or baking; very heat tolerant and productive. Harvest in 80 days. 2012.

Badenjan Sesame—Breeder and vendor: Sow True Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: fruits are soft yellow-green when ripe, best picked before they reach 8 inches long; a rare cultivar. Harvest in 75 days. 1954.

Badshah—Breeder and vendor: Seeds of India. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: small oval fruit with glossy reddish-purple skin, 50-60g. Harvest in 75 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. 2021.

Barbarella—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark purple Italian type with white halo; tender fruits are round, 4–5 inch long by 4–6 inch diameter, with some small spines; good yields with excellent flavor; uniform with medium gloss; purple calyx. Harvest in 65 days.

Beatrice—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’ Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: high yields of round, bright violet, Italian-type fruits; similar in shape, flavor, and texture to ‘Rosa Bianca’, darker fruit color and just slightly smaller (4-6 inch long by 4-5 inch diameter); purple calyx. For a beautiful market display, present ‘Beatrice’ with ‘Nubia’ and ‘Paloma’. Harvest in 62 days.

Behold—Vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fruits are 4 inch by 8 inch in violet-purple with white stripes, tender skin, a few seeds, and an extremely sweet, non-bitter flavor. For marinating or grilling whole. Harvest in 60 days.

Bella Stripe—Breeder and vendor: NeSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: fruit is very versatile for baby and full-size fruit harvest; easy to harvest on a spineless plant. Resistance: Verticillium wilt. 2018.

Black Egg—Vendor: Pinetree Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: fruit resembles black bombs or teardrops because both the skin and the calyx are a deep black with a purplish tinge; black calyx. Produces unusually tender fruit on vigorous 3 feet plants. Sets fruit early (even in cool weather) and is best picked early. Harvest in 70 days. 2018.

Calliope—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a beautiful oval Indian eggplant; small white and purple variegated fruits; suitable for baby (2 inch long x 1 ½ inch diameter) or mature (3-4 inch long x 2 1/4-2 ¾ inch diameter) harvest; plants and calyxes are spineless; high yielding, even in the North. Harvest in 64 days.

Cambodian Green Giant—Breeder and vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: a large, round, flat variety from the kingdom of Cambodia. Native of Southeast Asia, the attractive fruit is pale green with dark green stripes; great eating with a deep and full bodied eggplant flavor. Harvest in 75-85 days.

Campana Negra—Breeder and vendor: NeSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a shiny purple/black color with firm, off-white flesh; a heavy producer shaped like a bell; for open field or greenhouse production. Harvest in 75-85 days. Resistance: Southern blight. 2006.

Cappi—Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: firm purple/black fruit, high yields with a spineless green calyx; half long tear drop shaped fruit mature to a tapered cylindrical shape. Harvest in 60 days. 2014.

Chinese String—Breeder and vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: long and skinny; the slenderest, tender and best-tasting variety per the company. Fruit is sweet and buttery, even delicious raw in salads; very high-yielding plants produce profusions of 10-15 inch long fruit with lavender-violet skin and snowy white flesh; super quick to mature. Grow year-around in greenhouse and in warmer months outdoor; a superior choice for sautéing, grilling, and more.

Choryoku—Breeder: Kitazawa Seed Company. Vendor: Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bright, shiny, spring-green skin, and matures to 12 inch in length; the calyx is also the same uniform color. Plant is vigorous and produces large, firm and sweet fruit. The firm texture of flesh makes it an ideal meat substitute in vegetarian and vegan preparations (per specialtyproduce.com). Harvest in 80 days. 2008.

Clara—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: unique, large white Italian type; fruits are 5-6 inch long by 4-5 inch diameter; high yielding plants with early maturity. Best for home gardens and farmers’ markets, since thin skin and easy bruising precludes shipping. Green calyx, white fruit. Harvest in 65 days.

Dancer—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: deep-pink Italian type; semi-cylindrical, mid-sized (7–8 inch long by 3–4 inch diameter), mild, and non-bitter fruit; green calyx; plants are strong and yield high. Harvest in 65 days.

Dewako One Bite (Hitokuchi Nasubi)—This specialty eggplant is from Dewako in Yamagata Prefecture Japan. Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Co. through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a purple-black color with a purple calyx; fruit weighs about 10 grams and is ideal for pickling. Harvest in 50-60 days.

Diamond—Breeder: Seed Savers Exchange. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: slender, attractive dark purple fruit hangs in clusters for easy picking; 6 to 8 inch fruit has a mild flavor with no bitterness; fine and creamy texture. Good short season variety, highly productive. Harvest in 70-80 days. 1993.

Early Black Egg–Vendor: Southern Exposure Seed Exchange. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: tender, egg-shaped fruits about 5 inch long; sets well in the Mid-Atlantic, including cool, short-season areas; vigorous plants. Harvest in 65 days. Tolerant to flea beetles. 1964.

Early Midnight—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: plump, dark-skinned, and gorgeous, 6-inch fruits boast creamy white, seedless flesh with light, nuanced, gourmet-worthy flavor. Harvest in 55 days.

Eclipse—Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a dark purple, teardrop shape 33-inch plants are sturdy and set an excellent crop of early maturing large fruit with a green calyx. Harvest in 60-65 days. Resistance: blossom end rot. 2016.

E-Star—Breeder: Kitazawa Seed Company. Vendor: Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: round-shaped eggplant with glossy, deep purple-black color; purple calyx. Fruit are 3-4 inch diameter and weigh about 350-400 grams; flesh is white and firm yet creamy when cooked; semi-upright plant and for open field production. Harvest in 70-80 days. 2018.

Fengyuan Purple—Breeder: an heirloom variety from Taiwan. USDA, PI 321017. Vendor: A.P. Whaley Seed Company. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: slender long fruits of 12-16 inch long, creamy white flesh, non-bitter; thin skin requiring no peeling. Exceedingly popular with restaurants and chefs. Harvest in 65-75 days.

Finger Fruit Purple—Breeder: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Vendor: Eden’s Brothers. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: purple, 4 to 6 inch long, fast-growing eggplants in clusters; blunt-ended fruit harvested at finger size or larger without sacrificing its mild, sweet taste and tender texture. Harvest in 65 days.

Florida High Bush—Vendor: Seed Savers Exchange. A standard market variety bred in Florida in the early 1900s for commercial use. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: vigorous, upright, well-branched plants bear high-quality fruits continuously throughout the season; large purple-black pear-shaped eggplants held high off the ground. Harvest in 75-85 days. Resistance: drought. 1993.

Galine—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: high-yielding black bell type fruit; very glossy, uniform, black to purple fruits of 6-7 inch long by 3-4 inch diameter; strong plants produce early, firm fruits; high yielding, even in the North; green calyx. Harvest in 65 days.

Gaudi—Breeder and vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark purple 7 to 8 inch tapered a half–long bell-shaped fruit with thornless light green calyx; early and productive. Harvest in 75 days. Resistance: Phytophthora blight. 2020.

Gretel—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: solid white specialty mini eggplant; loads of tender, bitter-free 3–4 inch fruits on a compact 24–36 inch plant; begin to harvest when fruits are 3–4 inch long by 3/4–1 ¼ inch diameter; green calyx. A perfect companion to both ‘Hansel’ and ‘Fairy Tale’. AAS winner. Harvest in 55 days.

Hansel—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: solid purple, specialty eggplant. Start harvesting the abundant fruits when they are only 3–4 inch long by 3/4–1 inch diameter. The compact, 24–36 inch plants produce tender, dark-purple fruit in clusters for easy harvesting. Hansel is non-bitter and perfect for grilling or slicing thin onto pizza. Green calyx. AAS winner. Harvest in 55 days.

Irene—Breeder and vendor: Seedway. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: egg-shaped, purple black eggplant sets heavily, medium-sized firm fruit. Harvest in 65 days. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to Verticillium races Va and Vd. 2014.

Jaylo—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: black Italian type for greenhouse production; spineless plant with green calyx; highly yielding and vigorous throughout a long season under greenhouse conditions; beautiful, glossy black fruits with excellent flavor. A very versatile variety: fruits become firm at a small size, as a quarter-pound mini eggplant to ½ pound baby size. Harvest in 65 days.

Kamo—Breeder: originally from Kamo, Japan. Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: a gourmet eggplant, highly regarded by top chefs in Japan; super heat and humidity tolerant. It is considered a regional delicacy of the area thanks to a creamy, dense flesh and sweet flavor. Harvest in 65 days.

Konasu—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: tiny, bite-sized, rounded eggplant has shiny dark purple skin that looks onyx in color; the calyx is also purplish-black; beneath the tender skin is white flesh. Harvest in 60 days. 2010.

Kopec—Breeder: a rare heirloom variety from South African. Vendor: Sow True Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: a perfect size for cutting lengthwise into quarters and roasting, or any of your other favorite culinary applications. Fruits have a lovely variegation between lilac and deep purple in color; for best flavor, pick fruit between 4 to 6 inch. Harvest in 75 days. 2008.

Kyoto Egg—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: round fruit that grows to 3” in diameter; glossy purple-black skin, a purple calyx, and tender flesh; upright plants grow well in warm climates. Harvest in 60 days. 2009.

Lao Green Stripe—An heirloom eggplant from Laos. Vendor: Seed Savers Exchange. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: circular shaped eggplant with 2-4 inch diameter fruits that ripen to green, with white and purple stripes; best eaten when fruit is small. Harvest in 90 days. 2011.

Listada di Gandia—An heirloom from Italy. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: stunning magenta-striped Italian eggplant for a beautiful display; very productive plants produce abundant tender, delicious fruits with unusually thin skin, 5 to 8 inches long; egg-shaped petite fruits fit in the palm of your hand and are great for smaller portions; holds its color even at large sizes. Harvest in 80-90 days. 2000.

Magal—Breeder: Shneor Seed Co. Vendor: Seedway. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: green calyx, long, slender Italian type, 7 to 9 inch long, 3-inch diameter fruits; highly productive, suitable for greenhouse and outdoor production. Harvest in 60 days. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to TMV. 2003.

Melody—Vendor: NeSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: globe shaped, light purple fruit that darkens when mature; greenhouse or open field production. Harvest in 70-80 days. 2008.

Michal—Breeder: Genesis Seeds. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seed Company. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: hardy, parthenocarpic plants perfect for greenhouse production but also perform well in the field; uniform, classically shaped fruits have a good flavor and very few seeds; dark black skin and firm flesh, 7.5-inch fruit. Harvest in 60-75 days. 2006.

Midnight Queen—Breeder and vendor: Gurney’s Seed & Nursery Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: meaty, white flesh does not turn brown, delicious fruits do not turn bitter, glossy 6-8 inch fruits can weigh over ½ lb; vigorous, hardy, easy-to-grow plants producing full-sized fruits throughout summer. Harvest in 55 days.1992.

Mitoyo—Originally from Japan. Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: large fruit of oval to teardrop shaped and black; very tender and sweet flesh. It is even highly recommended for use without cooking but fruit is also excellently baked or roasted and is often used in pickling as well in its native Japan.

Mizuno Takumi—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: shiny, purplish-black oval-shaped eggplant grows to a plump ½ pound; known for its watery flesh and tender skin. Harvest in 80 days. 2004.

Morden Midget—Vendor: Southern Exposure Seed Exchange. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: good short-season variety; in the rare cool summers in Virginia, this one has better harvests in June and July than other eggplants! Short plants (18-30 inch tall), great for containers; 3-4 inch purple oval fruits. Harvest in 65 days. 1958.

Nancy—Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: mini eggplant with a deep metallic purple color; high yields with a nice compact habitat, suitable for growing on the patio or in pots; great for pickling or pan-frying. Harvest in 64 days. 2007.

Navdanya—Vendor: High Desert Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: oblong to round with green mottled skin, creamy delicious texture. Resistance: Southern blight. 2010.

New York Improved—Breeder and vendor: Hudson Valley Seed Co. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: black, taught, shiny skin; dense flesh; loads of fruits; plants are compact and stand up well to the heavy load of fruits. Harvest in 75 days. 2002.

Nigral—Breeder: Vilmorin Seed Generation. Vendor: Shamrock Seed Company Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: dark and shiny black color; no spines for easy handling of harvesting and packing; preserve fruit quality; good fruit setting under freezing conditions and/or hot conditions. Harvest in 55 days. Resistance: Phomopsis blight. 2005.

Nubia—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: purple and white variegated Italian type; harvest at 7-8 inch long by 3-4 inch diameter; green calyx; late and somewhat shy yielding in the North. For a dynamic and attractive trio, present ‘Nubia’ with ‘Beatrice’, and ‘Paloma’. Also known as Dominican eggplant. Harvest in 68 days.

Odyssey—Breeder and vendor: Sustainable Seed Company. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: sets huge black to purple teardrop shipped fruits; color remained shiny even as the fruit become large; similar to ‘Florida Market’, ‘Odyssey’ gives you 3-foot tall plants. Harvest in 58 days. 2013.

Palermo—Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: beautiful, early hybrid Sicilian type with medium sized and upright plant; fruit holds well without getting seedy; round fruit with dark purple calyx. Harvest in 70 days. 2012.

Paloma—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: vivid white skin with a clean look; bell-shaped fruits have distinctive ribbing and mildly sweet flavor and creamy texture; ideal for farmers’ markets; since white eggplants are thin-skinned and easily bruised, precluding them from shipping. For an eye-catching market presentation, display ‘Paloma’ with ‘Nubia’ and ‘Beatrice’. Short, healthy plants and more productive than ‘Clara’, which it replaced. Green calyx. Harvest in 65 days.

Pandora Striped Rose—Breeder and vendor: Reimer Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: plants are 24–30 inches tall and 12–18 inches in diameter; raindrop-shaped fruit of 5 to 6 inch and lilac-rose color and white stripes. Harvest in 75-80 days. Resistance: drought tolerant. 2005.

Patio Baby—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: the best container variety. Bright purple flowers add beauty to this compact, edible ornamental; a true mini, maintaining proper proportions of fruit to calyx as it grows; spineless, thin-skinned 2–3 inch long fruit with tender flavor, perfect for grilling or roasting; purple calyx. Harvest in 50 days.

Petch Siam—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Company through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: small 2 inch diameter, round, green eggplants with a dark green stripe and are immensely popular in cuisines of India, Thailand, and Vietnam. Harvest in 40-50 days. 2016.

Picasso—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: traditional teardrop shape paired with spineless calyces, exceptional yields, and high-quality flesh; dark purple fruit is spineless, holds their color and quality, and is easy to harvest. Harvest in 75 days. 1991.

Piccolo—Breeder: Genesis Seeds. Vendor: High Mowing Seed Company. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: adorable miniature fruits beautifully variegated with bright purple skin and delicate white stripes; vigorous, parthenocarpic plants produce impressive yields over a long season; slightly oval-shaped 3-4” fruits are easy to slice and grill and are the perfect size for stuffing; excellent shelf-life. For both greenhouse and field production. Harvest in 60-70 days. 2001.

Poamoho—Breeder: University of Hawaii. Vendor: Trade Winds Fruit. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: A hybrid between Waimanalo Long and a South Pacific variety. Produces several inch long fruits that ripen to dark purple, with firm flesh and an excellent flavor; grow well in most climates. Harvest in 67 days. 1988.

Pure White—Breeder and vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: elongated cylindrical curved 12 x 1½ inch off-white fruits; creamy nice texture, good mild flavor, moderately chewy skin and sweetness. Harvest in 75 days. 2013.

Purple Comet—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: strong, upright plants produce big yields of long-fruited, Asian type eggplant; fruit reaches up to 18 inch in length and measure 1-1/2 to 2 inch in diameter; long fruit has a deep purple color and holds their color well as they mature; the interiors have firm, bitter free, white flesh and seed development is slow. Harvest in 55 days. Resistance: bacterial wilt. 2013.

Purple Shine—Breeder and vendor: Kitazawa Seed Co. through Agrohaitai Ltd. In Canada. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Chinese type, purple skin with red tones; often white towards the purple calyx; fruits are firm and have a shiny purple skin and average 9-11 inch in length and 1.5-2 inch in diameter; plants are productive with high yields. Harvest in 65-70 days. 2018.

Rhapsody—Vendor: NeSeeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: a F1 hybrid that is vigorous and productive. This eggplant has fruit that is smooth and oblong which exhibits exceptionally rich color and firmness; it features seedless flesh with good shelf life and a green, spineless calyx; suitable for open fields or greenhouse production. Harvest in 80 days. 2008.

Rolandia—Breeder and vendors: Territorial Seed Company. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: exceptionally large, oval, dark purple fruit reach 8 inches and up to 1 ½ pounds each on sturdy, upright plants; open plant habit and spineless calyx make harvest easy. Harvest in 65 days. Resistance: tobacco mosaic virus. 2017.

Rosa Bianca—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: pink and white Italian heirloom; round, 4-6 inch long by 5-7 inch diameter fruit streaked with white and violet; green calyx; plump and variably ribbed; mild, creamy taste. This traditional Italian variety is best adapted to regions with warm nights; expect low yields in cool areas. Harvest in 73-80 days. Resistance: disorders.

Round Mauve—Breeder and vendors: Reimer Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: An heirloom variety from China. Compact plant produces good yields of beautiful 3 to 4 inch round mauve eggplants; flesh is white, tender, and not bitter; perfect for grilling, frying, stuffing, baking, pickling, and gourmet dishes. Suitable for container gardening; excellent choice for home gardens and market growers. Harvest in 65 days. Resistance: blossom end rot. 1999.

Round Purple—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Co. through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: a Thai eggplant; adapts to many different growing conditions. The round fruit is bright shiny purple, and grows up to 2 inch in diameter, weighing up to 3 ounces. Harvest in 50-55 days. 2014.

Round White Romanesca—Breeder: Lake Valley Pagano. Vendor: NeSeeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: medium growth plant; white skin with lavender stripes; flesh is mild flavored, meaty and has few seeds. Good for home and market gardens. Harvest in 75 days. 2007.

Sabelle RZ—Breeder: Riji Zwaan. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: traditional Sicilian type; highly attractive due to color contrast between skin and calyx; flavorful flesh and good texture make for a gourmet taste. Harvest in 65 days. 2014.

San Marino—Breeder and vendor: NeSeed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a striking oval-elongated eggplant for open field; very firm 14-17.5 oz fruit that is black in color with a green calyx; vigorous with an open habit. Resistance: Verticillium wilt. 2014.

Shikou—Breeder: Sakata Seeds. Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: glossy, deep purple fruits on productive, semi-spineless plants of upright, open habits; fruits have bright, white interior flesh with a purple calyx making for a striking contrast when sliced, very few seeds inside; plants are productive and highly ornamental, a beautiful addition to the garden. The semi-spineless plants are robust and prolific, producing tender skinned fruits that do not get bitter and never need to be peeled. Tender skin, 6-10” long fruit. Harvest in 60 days. 2002.

Shooting Stars—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: elegant, delicately striped, vivid purple eggplant making a magnificent pendant; lovely 3-4 inch long purple fruit from 2.5 feet tall plants; an excellent choice for containers, the garden or both. Harvest in 60 days.

Slim Jim—Breeder and vendor: Pinetree Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: an heirloom variety from Italy. Fruits are long, slender, and purple; flavor is mild; best harvest at 4-5”. Perfect for grilling, frying, stuffing, and baking. Excellent choice for home gardens. Harvest in 60 days. 2016.

Snake of Mugla—Rare Turkish heirloom was stewarded and introduced to the United States by Dr. Mehmet Oztan of Two Seeds in a Pod. Vendor: Sow True Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: deep purple fruits are slender and grow up to 15 inch long; white flesh is delicious and not seedy or bitter. Harvest in 75 days. 2000.

Swallow—Breeder and vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: grow well in a cold part of the world. For early production of glossy purple-black tender 1¾ x 7 inch fruit of the elongated Asian type without the bitterness. Harvest in 51 days. Resistance: disorders. 2015.

Taurus—Breeder and vendor: Paramount Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: purple eggplant with high yield potential. Fruit is teardrop shape, average weight of 190 grams; plants are generative with an open plant habit; fruits are shiny, firm and have a long shelf life. Resistance: blossom end rot. 2010.

Thai Round—Vendor: Kitazawa Seed Co. through Agrohaitai Ltd. in Canada. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: very productive plant produces small round, green-skinned fruits with white stripes that grow to 2 inch in diameter and up to 2 ounces. Harvest in 55-60 days. 2014.

Traviata—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: traditional black Italian eggplant. Very uniform, high-yielding (organic) variety; glossy black fruits in the classic bell shape, 5 ½—6 ½ inch long by 3—3 ½ inch diameter; good flavor; green calyx. Harvest in 70 days.

Tucci—Breeder: DP seeds. Vendor: NeSeeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a beautiful eggplant for greenhouse or open field. Slightly elongated fruit with club-shaped blossom end; 10-12 oz fruit, white flesh with few seeds; very dark in color and has a green, thornless calyx. 2008.

Turkish Orange—Breeder and vendor: Eden’s Brothers. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: native to Turkey, this heirloom produces a small plant with sweet, flavorful, orange eggplants; small, about 3 inch round, they almost look like heirloom tomatoes; unique shape and color. Harvest in 80 days. Resistance: Southern blight. 2007.

Udumalapet—Breeder: Seed Savers Exchange. Vendor: Honeyman Farms. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: originally grown in India. Heavy yields of pear-shaped fruits are light green streaked with purple, ripening to golden-yellow with lavender stripes; best eaten small when fruits are about 3 inch long. Harvest in 80-90 days. 2004.

Violetta di Firenze—Breeder: Seven Seeds Farm. Vendor: Siskiyou seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: bi-color white & purple heirloom from Florence, Italy; mild, creamy taste, never bitter; plump, ruffled teardrop shape, like ‘Rosa Bianca’ but with deeper purple coloring; stunning, abundant, softball-sized fruits. Harvest in 75-90 days. 2009.

Violetta Lunga—Breeder and vendor: Renee’s Garden. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristic: an heirloom Italian eggplant. Early bearing and prolific Italian favorite; elongated dark purple fruits are almost seedless with flesh that is especially mild, nutty flavored and sweet. Wonderful grilled, baked, or sautéed. Harvest in 70 days. 2015.

White Beauty—Breeder and vendor: Mary’s Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: 6 inch long fruits, 2-3 inch in diameter, good flavor; hardy and productive for the South and other hot, humid areas; 3 feet tall plants. Harvest in 70 days. 2013.

White Comet—Breeder and vendor: Park Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: gorgeous ivory-white skin is quite thin and tender; flesh is pure white, succulent, bitter free and delicious; long, slender fruits are packed with white flesh, sweet and meaty, about 10 inches long and 2 inches wide. Harvest in 70 days. 2018.

White Knight—Breeder and vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: unique eggplants’ shimmery, precious white fruits resemble Fabergé’s opulent creations. Alluring, delicious fruits are culinary wonders that can be savored roasted, sautéed, or baked; or served fresh for tantalizing hors-d’oeuvres; 34–36 inch plants produce opulent yields of 7 x 1½ inch white fruits. Harvest in 60 days.

White Star—Breeder and vendor: Park Seed. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: a teardrop-shaped fruit that you can pick when it is pure icy white and just a few inches long. If allowed to mature, it will reach 5 to 7 inches long, with a 2-inch neck and a 3½- to 4-inch bulb. Even at this full size, it is sweet and succulent! Harvest it before the creamy white skin begins to turn yellow; it remains fresh for a good while on the plant and after picking. Harvest in 65 days. 2012.

LEEK

Philipp W. Simon

USDA, ARS Vegetable Crops Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706

Aylton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Late autumn/winter fresh market; winter-hardy variety; longer harvest window because of a short shaft and dark leaves.

Bandit—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Very winter-hardy OP leek. Bandit has beautiful, very dark blue-green, erect leaves and good uniformity. The shank grows very thick with minimal bulbing.

Belton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Autumn fresh, industry, and organic market; suitable for organic market. Resistance: Highest resistance against rust.

Biker—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Leek for summer production. Has good field holding, long shelf life. Resistance: Good resistance to foliar diseases and thrips.

Chiefton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 Hybrid. Characteristics: Autumn prepack and industry market; long, smaller and uniform diameter than standard varieties; solid shaft ideal for processing; upright, dark leaves that keep color.

Columbus—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Very nice leek for summer (early autumn) production. Strong and easy growing variety with a high yield. Long shank with little to no bulbing.

Comanche—Breeder and vendor: Enza. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Refined, long-shanked leek. Beautiful shanks can achieve impressive length. Comanche is a midseason leek with medium blue-green foliage. Its upright plant habit makes for easier cultivation. Has a very good uniformity and leaf disease tolerance. Excellent peeling ability which is well suited to prepack.

Curling—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Hybrid leek for late fall and winter production. Nice blue green color.

Defender—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Late (autumn) variety with a long shaft, dark foliage and good field holding. Strong against rust and easy to clean.

Duraton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Summer fresh and industry market; early variety that has proven its value through the years.

Exeter—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 Hybrid. Characteristics: This hybrid leek has long shank with a dark green color, good uniformity and it is high yielding. It is upright and has good cleaning ability. Suitable for main season growing period.

Fencer—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Good yielding summer/autumn leek for processing purposes. Has nice blue-green foliage and a very long white shank.

Harston—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Winter fresh market for the end of the season; high yield because of the short shaft; strong against bolting.

Jumper—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Labor-saving, upright plants. A late variety with upright blue/green foliage. Strong disease package and very good uniformity. Very upright foliage keeps leaves off the ground, which results in easier cultivation, better plant health, and cleaner leaves at the wash station. Refined shanks with minimal bulbing for easy stripping. Resistance: Intermediate resistance to common rust, purple blotch, and white tip. Similar: Megaton.

Keeper—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Great leek for winter production. Very healthy, medium-long shaft, easy cleaning. Good for storage. Resistance: Good resistance to thrips.

King Richard—Breeder and vendor: Anseme. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Remarkable earliness and size. Beautiful full-sized leeks. In favorable soil and culture, the white shanks are over a foot long to the first leaf. Medium-green leaves with full habit. For baby leeks, plant closely (40 seeds/ft.) and harvest at finger size. While not hardy enough for overwintering, they will withstand medium-heavy frost (32° to 20°F/0° to -7°C) without losing their healthy appearance.

Krypton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Summer/autumn fresh and industry market; highest yielding variety of our portfolio; best cleaning ability.

Lancaster—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: A variety developed for the second early and main season growing period. The dark green foliage, erect leaf habit and excellent leaf uniformity make this an ideal pre-pack variety. Shank length and quality is characterized by smooth skin and compact finish with excellent weight potential. Initial trials have shown Lancaster to be an excellent winter hardy variety with good bolting.

Lancelot—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Very nice leek for summer (early autumn) production. Strong and easy growing variety with a high yield. Long shank with little to no bulbing.

Lexton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Prepack market; compact shaft and leaves; efficient to store in the cool store.

Linton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Prepack, industry market; early variety for markets which require a finer diameter; solid shaft ideal for processing.

Longton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Prepack, industry market; variety with a long, fine diameter and solid shaft; good cleaning ability.

Matisse RZ (38-301)—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Matisse RZ is a hybrid leek variety for autumn and early spring harvest where overwintering is possible. Matisse RZ has a dark green color and long shank. Due to the erect leaf type, the variety is also suitable for quick processing.

Matejko RZ—Breeder and vendor: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Matejko RZ is a hybrid leek variety for the mid-summer—early autumn harvest slot. High yielding, tolerance against rust and thrips and strong against bolting. Matejko RZ is easily harvested and cleaned due to its erect growth and leaf architecture. Perfect Megaton competition.

Megaton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Summer fresh and industry market; high yielding variety; shaft has a bigger diameter than standard varieties.

Norwich—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: This hybrid variety is an improved Lancaster type. It has similar vigor but tighter leaf stacking and it is more erect. Suitable for the second early and main season growing period.

Nunton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Autumn fresh market; nice presentation because of dark, upright leaves and uniform shaft; efficiency in harvesting and cleaning.

Pluston—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Late autumn/winter fresh and industry market; winter-hardy variety; yield is guaranteed. Resistance: strongest against Phytophtora.

Poulton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Autumn fresh market; leaves keep dark color through the season; short shaft remains during growing season; this high yielding autumn variety already proved its value for many years.

Rally—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Hybrid leek for early production. Has a very erect plant habit, tight fan, long shank and excellent color for maturity range. Cleans very easily. Resistance: Strong against thrips and rust.

Shafton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Summer fresh, prepack, and industry market; early variety for the kick-off of your season; high yield because of the long shaft; stronger against bolting than the standard varieties for this period.

Skater—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Quality leek for late summer- and early fall production. Medium long shank with a dark blue-green foliage. Has good frost tolerance, good field holding and stores well. Available as organic seed.

Surfer—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Organic fall leek with rust tolerance. An upright, medium-long leek with blue-green foliage that is very easy to strip and clean. Tall, slender, and erect with very good weight. Cold hardy to facilitate fall harvest. Stores well. Bred for organic systems. Resistance: Excellent disease resistance to hold up in wet fall weather. Intermediate resistance to common rust and purple blotch.

Swiss Giant—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: Early open pollinated. In great demand for the baby leek market. Long shank, with erect leaves and a good base. Has some rust resistance. Also excellent for full size leeks.

Tadorna—Breeder and vendor: Enza. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: The most reliable OP fall leek. A vigorous grower producing a medium-length white shank and contrasting, very dark blue-green foliage. Holds in the field for fall into winter harvest, and overwinters in moderate climates. Given its adaptability this variety is suitable for growing in all regions. Resistance: Moderate leaf disease resistance.

Vitaton—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems/BASF. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Winter fresh market; slower growth and late bolting; no leaf cracking; good cleaning ability.

LETTUCE

Beiquan Mou

USDA/ARS 1636 East Alisal Street Salinas, CA 93905

3SX277—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: a breeding line of Legacy/Excell x Fortuna. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green and moderately glossy leaves with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, large head size, flat butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Similar: Bravo. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200027, issued 9/11/2014. 2010.

3SX287—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Gator x Castle Dome. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green, dull, thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, flattened midrib, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: corky root. Similar: Belleglade. Adaptation: fall, winter, and spring plantings in Southeast U.S. PVP# 201000595, issued 6/19/2013. 2009.

3SX496—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Characteristics: romaine type, light green, dull and thick leaves, entire leaf margin, small head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: tipburn. Similar: Little Star. PVP# 201100150, issued 3/11/2014. 2010.

3SX497—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Characteristics: romaine type, medium green, moderately glossy, thick leaves, entire leaf margin, small head size, rounded butt, flattened midrib, white seed. Similar: Little Star. Resistance: tipburn. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100149, issued 7/30/2013. 2010.

3SX724—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Marin x Superstar. Characteristics: leaf type, dark green, glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Similar: Tehama. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200048, issued 2/26/2016. 2010.

3SX1043—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Bullet x breeding line 41-95. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves, entire leaf margin with moderate undulation, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 1-26 EU). Similar: Mackerel. Adaptation: West Coast, Northeast, Southeast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200106, issued 3/11/2014. 2011.

3SX1055—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Grouper x 3SX960. Characteristics: leaf type, red, glossy, thick leaves, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 1-26 EU). Similar: Snapper. Adaptation: West Coast, Northeast, Southeast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200105, issued 3/11/2014. 2011.

3SX4901 (3SX3404)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Little Star x Tarifa. Characteristics: leaf type, very dark green, glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, entire leaf margin, rounded butt, flattened midrib, large plant size, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 1-26, 28, 32 EU). Similar: Little Star. PVP# 201700039, issued 2/19/2019. 2015.

Abilene—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: romaine type, medium-dark green, medium maturity. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl 1-16, 18-20, 22-24, 27-28, 30-31 EU), tipburn. Adaptation: spring, summer, and fall harvests in coastal California.

Alaine (41-454 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Bibb type, very intense red leaf, purple red bolter leaf, entire apical margin, moderate blistering and glossiness, thin leaf, small head size, very slow bolting, brown seed. Resistance: downy mildew, lettuce aphid, lettuce mosaic virus, Fusarium wilt (Fol:1). Similar: Rosaine. PVP# 201800524, issued 5/7/2021. 2016.

Alboreto (84-08 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: Diveria x breeding line 47871. Characteristics: red leaf type for babyleaf production, glossy, dark purple, thin leaf with strong blistering and slight to moderate undulation, entire leaf margin, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, medium to large plant size, rapid bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-32 EU, Ca I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Diveria. Adaptation: Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201700126, issued 2/19/2019. 2017.

Alkindus—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, dark red, slightly savoyed leaves, medium head size, good fill and field holding capacity. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-26, 28, 32 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suitable for full season open field production.

Allure—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Bright green butterhead. Produces large heads so it is suitable for both the fresh and processing markets. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl:16-25,27,28,31,32EU, Lettuce leaf aphid (Nr:0), Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV).

Amanda—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: open loose leaf variety, medium-dark green, approximately 70 days to relative maturity, uniform, large plant with high yield potential. Adaptation: home garden. Can be planted and harvested all year.

Armonizia—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Dark green color butterhead. Nice internal fill with light color. Good weight. Doesn’t halo in color. Good fringe burn tolerance. Suitable for carton or processing. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 16-32EU, Lettuce leaf aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: Salinas Valley season.

Auvona (41-122 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, open heart, a Parris Island leaf texture, solid veins. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17-22, 24-26, 32 EU), Fusarium wilt (Fol:1).

Avicenna (E13.1996)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: breeding line E13.7425 x Roxy. Characteristics: butterhead type, entire leaf margin with moderate undulation, dark green and intense red leaves with moderate glossiness and blistering, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: brown rib, pink rib, internal rib necrosis, downy mildew (Bl: 18, 22, 24-26), lettuce mosaic virus, lettuce aphid. Similar: Skyphos and Roxy. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100129, issued 7/30/2013. 2009.

Azirka (E01L.30190)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: Carmesi x Enza breeding line F36516 (derived from a cross between Kolka, Estony and Fenston). Characteristics: a dark red Lollo Rossa type leaf variety, fast bolting, black seed. Resistance: brown rib, pink rib, Russet spotting, downy mildew race BL-EU 33, tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus, lettuce aphid. Similar: Cencibel. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest US. PVP# 201800400, issued 4/9/2021. 2018.

Bataille (NUN 05368 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Parentage: Nasdiva x breeding line 71035139. Characteristics: Batavia type, yellow green leaves that are moderately glossy and thick, medium head size, midrib moderately raised, V-shaped butt, black seed. Similar: Greenglace. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201800036, issued 4/9/2021. 2014.

Bergam’s Green—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: leaf type, dark green, large frame, less tendency to head. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: suitable for open field production for summer and fall harvests.

Big Horn—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: crisphead type, uniform type, shape, and head size offer growers more efficient harvesting and higher yield potential, high field recovery potential, 100–110 days to maturity. Adaptation: December 1 to December 15 plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert) for spring harvest.

Bluerock—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Romaine, fit for hearts, carton or processing use. With dark green color. Low core. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 7-9US, Lettuce leaf aphid (Nr:0), Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV). US Patent application No. 16/718,652.

Boronda—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: romaine type, erect plant, medium to dark green, uniform, compact heart with very dense interior fill, good weight, matures in 65-75 days depending on slot. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl16-28, 30-32 EU; Ca I–IX), Fusarium wilt (intermediate resistance: Fol:1), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: multi-purpose fit for carton, hearts and processing in organic growing areas.

Boulder—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type, large head size with good weight that is very compact, short core. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-27, 29, 32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—VIII), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: best slotted for mid to late spring harvest in open field production.

Caballero—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Carton size head. Nice internal fill with light color. Good uniformity. Great weight for its size. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 7-8US, Lettuce leaf aphid (Nr:0).

Caipira—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: leaf type, green color, sweet flavor, compact size even during the heat, good leaf size. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-26, 28-32 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), tipburn. Adaptation: suitable for heated greenhouse, hydroponic production.

Cannibal—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Large, round heads suitable for 18 count carton packs or processing. Uniformly sized heads with good color result in a nice box pack and eye appeal for the consumer. Large head size means increased tonnage.

Caretaker—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Produces large heads with consistent size. Strong tip burn tolerance and strong germination. Adaptation: Good option for early desert plantings and other hot production regions.

Carlovia (84-52 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: baby oakleaf type, medium to dark green thin leaves with moderate blistering, shallowly dentate margin, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, medium head size, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17—32 EU, Ca IIa, IIb, III, VIII), lettuce root aphid, lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Kinevia. PVP# 201600260, issued 7/31/2018. 2012.

Carmesi (85-49 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: leaf (Lollo Rossa) type, triple red, vigorous. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-27, 30-32 EU), Fusarium wilt (intermediate resistance: Fol:1), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: for outdoor production.

Casey—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, medium green, medium-fast maturity, large heads with excellent weight, flat and closed base, strong roots. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-36 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid, heat. Adaptation: suitable for heated greenhouse and hydroponic productions under long daylength.

Cavernet (85-62 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: leaf (Lollo Rossa) type, double red, sturdy leaves, good taste, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-27, 30-32, 37 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: for outdoor production.

Cecilia (42-107 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: Cosmopolia x (Natalia x S 05K.28867). Characteristics: compact butterhead, dull, light to medium green, slight to moderate blistering, entire leaf margin, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, medium head size, very slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17-32 EU, Ca I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Flandria. PVP# 201600406, issued 7/31/2018. 2016.

Celedona (41-544 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, open heart, delayed pinking after processing compared to other regular and open heart romaine varieties. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-32, 34, 36 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: for outdoor production from spring to fall.

Champagne (CVX576-1)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Parentage: Turbo Cos x Platinum. Characteristics: a vigorous romaine cultivar, light green leaf, entire leaf margin, large size, black seed. Similar: Bondi. Adaptation: recommended for the main lettuce growing regions of California and Arizona. PVP# 201800423, issued 7/30/2021. 2018.

Coastal Star—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, tall stature. Resistance: corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: widely adapted, can be grown spring through fall in open field in most regions.

Colbiana—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: blonde romaine, good weight and volume allowing for increased yield for processors, straight ribs, sweet taste. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl: 16-32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suitable for open field production, processing, value added program.

Concho—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Great weight for its size. Nice internal fill with light color. Carton size head with good tolerance to bolting. Nice wrap outer leaves for good head protection and uniformity. Low core length. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 8US. U.S. Patent No. 16/533,069.

Cook (79-12 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: a multileaf lettuce with lobed, dull, medium green, thin leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin, flat butt, moderately raised midrib, very slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew (NL: 1-2, 4-7, 10, 12-16, Bl: 17-18, 20-28 EU, Ca I—VIII). Similar: Emerson. Adaptation: West Coast, Northeast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200109, issued 7/30/2013. 2010.

Cosbee (NUN 06510 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Characteristics: romaine type, medium green, moderately glossy, thick leaves, entire leaf margin, moderately raised midrib, small size. Similar: 3SX4901. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201700004, issued 1/29/2020. 2012.

Cuervo—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, green, large head, loose heading. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-25, 27-35, 37 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suitable for open field production for processing and fresh market.

Dayanas (45-161 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: iceberg type, round head, delayed oxidation (pinking) after processing. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-26, 32 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: for outdoor production, well suited for processing.

Daywalt (84-48 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Latin lettuce. glossy, medium green leaves with slight blistering. small head size, rapid bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew and lettuce aphid. Similar: Valdvia. PVP# 201900023, issued 7/30/2021. 2018.

Del Sol—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: romaine type, large and vigorous plant producing tall romaine, light-medium green, medium maturity. Resistance: bolting and tipburn. Adaptation: performs well in warm temperatures, for cartons, hearts, and processing segments.

Denali—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type, round head shape, medium dark green, good wrap, fast growing. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-27, 29, 32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—VIII), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: a good transition variety from early spring to summer plantings in open field production.

Desert Eagle—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Large plant frame and good head cover. Large, smooth heads with good weight. Flattened to round shape and flat butt with smooth ribs. Uniform for size, shape and maturity. Short to medium core length. 4 to 5 days earlier to harvest than Midway, LT 4083 and Pinochle. Very uniform and consistent during the slot. Strong internal tolerance to tipburn and bolting. U.S. Patent No. 9,883,650.

Desert Gold (3SX482)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Manatee x Carolus. Characteristics: romaine type, light green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, deeply dentate leaf margin with moderate undulation, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, large plant size, white seed. Resistance: corky root, tipburn. Similar: Manatee. Adaptation: Northeast, Southeast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201000597, issued 6/19/2013. 2009.

Duquesne—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: romaine type, medium green, medium maturity. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl16, 18-20, 22-24, 27-28, 30-32 EU; Ca V–VIII), tipburn. Adaptation: coastal California’s spring, summer, and fall harvest periods.

Expertise (79-27 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: Exact x breeding line 47669. Characteristics: crisp frisee (incised) leaf type, medium to dark green, dull, thin leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, very slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-31 EU, Ca-I—VIII), root aphid, lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Exponent. PVP# 201400521, issued 2/26/2016. 2012.

Explore (79-80 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: a green incised leaf lettuce with crisp leaf texture, light to medium green, dull leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, small to medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1), downy mildew (NL: 1-2, 4-7, 10, 12-16, Bl: 17-18, 20-28 EU, Ca-I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Virgile. Adaptation: West Coast, Northeast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200128, issued 7/30/2013. 2008.

Fairly—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, dark green, medium-large size. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl: 16-34, 36 EU; Ca I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), tipburn. Adaptation: suitable for heated greenhouse and hydroponic productions, performs well under lights.

Flurry (SSC 3145)—Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Company. Characteristics: Flurry is a green multi-leaf lettuce for production to full size. It produces medium-green, compact plants. Its incised leaves have frilly margins and medium-thick texture. Resistance: Downy mildew Ca I-VIII/Bl 1-16, 19, 21-23, 27. 2013.

Fossey (E19.1993)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: breeding line F4092 x Feska. Characteristics: Lollo Rossa type, medium green, moderately glossy, thin leaves with strong blistering, finely dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, slightly concave butt, prominently raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: brown rib, pink rib, internal rib necrosis, downy mildew (Bl: 22, 24-26 EU), lettuce aphid, tipburn. Similar: Feska and Nika. Adaptation: Southwest US (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100131, issued 6/19/2013. 2009.

Fusion (BOS 709)—Breeder: Orsetti Seed Co. (Greg Orsetti). Parentage: Unisun x King Henry. Characteristics: romaine type, deeply dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, dark green, thick, spiny leaves with moderate blistering, the leaf width does not taper as much as most romaine cultivars giving it more evenness throughout the length of the leaf, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Similar: Fresh/Heart. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201300197, issued 3/11/2014. 2013.

FX1308—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, larger frame, glossy dark green leaves, uniform, shot core. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-25, 27-35, 37 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid. Adaptation: suitable for open field productions for processing.

Galatea (41-193 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, entire leaf margin, intensely red, moderately glossy leaves with strong blistering, small head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, rapid bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17-18, 20-28 EU; Ca-I—VIII), lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1). Similar: Apache. Adaptation: suitable for spring and autumn cultivation. In summer there is the risk of bolting. PVP# 201300366, issued 3/11/2014. 2012.

Gimlet (SSC 3213)—Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Company. Characteristics: Gimlet is a red leaf lettuce selected for baby leaf salads. It produces glossy, wine-red leaves with wavy leaf margins. Resistance: Downy mildew Ca I-VIII/Bl 1-26, 28. 2013.

Golden Cos (3SX544)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Carolus x Romasol. Characteristics: romaine type, very light green, glossy, thick leaves with entire margin, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: bolting, moderately resistant to tipburn. Similar: Platinum. Adaptation: early fall in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201700038, issued 2/19/2019. 2016.

Grazion (81-86 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Batavia type, very dark green leaves with strong blistering and moderate glossiness, leaf margins are shallowly dentate with moderate to strong undulation, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, medium head size, black seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 17-28, 30-32 EU, Ca-I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid. Similar: Starfighter. PVP# 201600239, issued 7/31/2018. 2015.

Greenglace (Nun 9025 LT)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Characteristics: leaf type, yellowish dark green and moderately glossy leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin with very strong undulation, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, very slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus, downy mildew (Bl: 1-26 EU), lettuce root aphid, heat, drought, tipburn. Similar: Scanstar. Adaptation: spring, summer and fall plantings in West Coast, winter and spring plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100421, issued 2/6/2013. 2009.

Gun Slinger—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Large head. Resistance: Strong tolerance to big vein. Intermediate resistance to downy mildew. Adaptation: Good transition iceberg to compliment Champion on the front end. Works on the tail end of the season. U.S. Patent No. 8,362,326.

Holbrook—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: romaine type, uniform, medium dark green, color specifically targeted for processing, size specifications meet the need for cartons, good weight, volume, and bottom quality, medium maturity. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert).

Hombre—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Medium size head. Uniform head. Great internal fill-in, and quality. Light yellow internal color. Short core. Strong bolting tolerance. Good tip-burn tolerance. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 5-9US, Lettuce leaf aphid: Nr:0. Adaptation: Spring and fall production. 2022.

Iblea (E01G.11187)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: green romaine type, large size, very vigorous, good interior fill. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl: 16-36 EU; Ca I—IX), corky root. Adaptation: mid-winter production in Yuma, Arizona.

Infinite Green (3SX754)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Gauguin x 3SX1045. Characteristics: dark green leaf lettuce with moderate undulation of apical leaf margin, glossy thick leaves with moderate blistering, medium head size, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Ca I—IX). Similar: Big Star. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201800232, issued 4/9/2021. 2018.

Intrepid (SSC 3144)—Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Company. Characteristics: Selected for its potential as a red multi-leaf lettuce. Good volume, leaf color and slow to bolt. Resistance: Downy mildew Ca I-VIII/Bl 1-28. 2013.

Kanaka—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Fresh market type romaine, suitable for carton and hearts. Dark green color and low core. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 7-9US, Lettuce leaf aphid (Nr:0), Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV). US Patent Application No. 16/718,642.

Kerrita (LS13016)—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds (Miguel Roca). Parentage: Redza x Syngenta breeding line. Characteristics: a red leaf variety, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl 16-35 EU), Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lactucae race 4. Similar: Red Zin. Adaptation: France, Spain. PVP# 201900005, issued 4/9/2021. 2015.

Kingita (LS13017)—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds (Miguel Roca). Characteristics: a light-green glossy oakleaf variety, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus, downy mildew races Bl 16-35 EU, Nasonovia ribisnigri biotype 0. Similar: Congas and Sansula. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201900004, issued 4/9/2021. 2018.

Las Lunas (BOS 9024)—Breeder: Orsetti Seed. Parentage: Empire x Fall Green. Characteristics: crisphead type, dull, medium green leaf with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Similar: Lighthouse. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400399, issued 7/6/2016. 2013.

Ligier (84-14 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: very dark red leaf lettuce, moderate blistering and glossiness, medium leaf thickness, small head size, very rapid bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew, lettuce aphid. Similar: Solavia. PVP# 201900021, issued 7/2/2021. 2018.

Livius (41-149 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, slow bolting, solid ribs. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17-26, 32 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), corky root (intermediate resistance), internal tipburn, delayed pinking after processing compared to classic romaine varieties. Adaptation: outdoor production.

Lotus (41-191 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, fast heading and filling resulting in a nice heart, very stable shape in different conditions, slow bolting. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-34, 36 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), corky root (intermediate resistance), tipburn. Adaptation: outdoor production.

LT4083 (PX 06514083)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Raider Plus x ((Viva II x Red Coach 74)F4 x Del Rey)F6 Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, dark green, dull, thick leaves with strong blistering, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew (R1—R18; Bl: 16, 21, 23), Fusarium wilt (intermediate resistance: Fol:1). Similar: Midway. Adaptation: fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200425, issued 7/30/2013. 2011.

Madelona (41-188 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, open heart. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-34, 36 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: outdoor production.

Magician—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: butterhead type, medium green, upright plant habit, good leaf texture, semi-open heads, matures in 65-75 days depending on slot. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl 16-28, 30-32 EU; Ca I–IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), bolting. Adaptation: open field production for fresh market; large harvest window for increased flexibility.

Main Man—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Produces medium sized frames with medium sized heads. Demonstrates excellent uniformity and is consistent. PVP No. 200700014.

Marciano—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, outer leaves are smooth with a burgundy red color, green interior, a more compact variety with good internal fill. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-36 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suitable for open field production.

Matute (41-279 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine, dark green, medium large. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-33, 37 EU), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: for year-round outdoor production, especially suited to be grown outdoor in high plant density (100,000 plants/ha).

Mezquite—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: a semi-savoy full-sized romaine lettuce with a thick texture. The base is tapered with straight ribs, which makes for easier harvesting and packing. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—IX), Fusarium wilt (intermediate resistance: Fol:1; high resistance: Fol:4). Adaptation: performs best in open field mid-January through February in the U.S. desert region.

Milagro—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, medium green, larger frame and heavy weight, larger cap leaf, semi-filled top. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-35, 37 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suitable for open field production in late spring and summer.

Mirlo—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, voluminous, bright green. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-28, 30-32 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suitable for open field production.

Mojito (SSC 3215)—Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Company. Characteristics: Mojito is a Tango lettuce selected for baby leaf salads. The leaves have a Tango shape, very thick texture and dark green color. Resistance: Downy mildew Ca I-VIII/Bl 1-26, 28. 2013.

Monte Carlo—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Romaine type. Uniform production of dark green plants. Moderately blistered leaves. The plants are about 7 inches (17-18cm) tall. Good weight. Bolting and tipburn tolerant.

Muir (E15.1998)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: Reglice x Estony. Characteristics: Batavia type, light green and glossy leaves with moderate blistering, deeply dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, slightly concave butt, moderately raised midrib, slow growing, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: brown rib, pink rib, internal rib necrosis, downy mildew (Bl: 1-26, 28, 32 EU; Ca I—IX), lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce aphid, tipburn, heat. Similar: Maritima and Frisady. Adaptation: Southwest US (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100132, issued 3/11/2014. 2010.

Multiblond 56 (NUN 09056 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Characteristics: leaf type, very light green, moderately glossy thin leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, small head size, rounded butt, very slow bolting, brown seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 1-26, 28, 31 EU), lettuce aphid, tipburn. Similar: Multiblond 2. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201500048, issued 12/9/2015. 2011.

Multigreen 101 (NUN 09101 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Parentage: Explore x breeding line 5791249. Characteristics: leaf type, dull medium green leaf, leaf margin indentation is deeply dentate with strong undulation, thin leaf, moderately raised midrib, rounded butt, medium head size, white seed. Similar: Multigreen 75. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201700200, issued 1/29/2020. 2015.

Multired 80 (NUN 09080 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Characteristics: leaf type, greyed purple leaves that are moderately glossy and thin, margins have deep, dense crenate indentation with strong undulation, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, medium plant size, slow bolting, black seed. Similar: Redglace. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201700094, issued 1/29/2020. 2015.

Multired 98 (NUN 09098 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Parentage: Multired 4 x breeding line 71100653. Characteristics: leaf type, leaf margins are crenate with moderate undulation, leaves are glossy with yellow green and grayed purple colors, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Similar: Skrunch Red. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201700244, issued 1/29/2020. 2015.

Nuria (42-151 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: Tahamata x (Fenston x Atlantis). Characteristics: compact butterhead, medium to dark green leaves with entire margin, dull to moderate glossiness, moderate to strong blistering, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, small to medium head size, very slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 18-20, 22, 24-31 EU, CA I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Flandria. PVP# 201600377, issued 7/31/2018. 2015.

Ovia (84-73 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: leaf type for babyleaf production, medium green thin leaf, moderate to strong glossiness, strong undulation of margins, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, rapid bolting, basal side shoots present, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17, 18, 20-32, Ca-I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Tango. PVP# 201600148, issued 7/31/2018. 2013.

Ozonas (45-175 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: crisphead type (Salinas group), dark green, large and round head. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-30, 32, 33 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid. Adaptation: for outdoor production, grows well under colder conditions.

Paonia—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type, medium head size with good internal fill, high round shape, small core, V-shaped base which allows for ease of harvest and helps to prevent basal rot, fast to mature. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl: 16-29, 31, 32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—IX), corky root (intermediate resistance), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: spring and fall productions for fresh market and processing.

Patrona (41-123 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, large. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-34, 36 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: for outdoor production. It can be used for double purpose: suitable for fresh wholehead as well as for processing and machine harvesting.

Picacho (3SX232)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Invader x Southbay. Characteristics: crisphead (Vanguard group), medium green, dull and thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: heat. Similar: Heatmaster. Adaptation: summer plantings in Northeast and fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100458, issued 9/30/2013. 2010.

Pinochle—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Produces large heads. With large frame for extra head protection. Tolerant to Fusarium. PVP No. 200700445.

Predator (3SX480)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: breeding line CVS RH98a x King Henry. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, moderately glossy and thick leaves with strong blistering, shallowly dentate margin, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Similar: Sunbelt. Adaptation: spring and summer plantings in West Coast and fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100295, issued 6/19/2013. 2010.

Prescott (3SX382)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Raider x Heatwave. Characteristics: crisphead (Vanguard group), dark green thick leaves with moderate blistering and glossiness, crenate margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, very slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: pink rib. Similar: Heatmaster. Adaptation: early fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201600389, issued 2/19/2019. 2015.

Prima Forest (CVX-662)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Parentage: Green Forest x CVX-D Cos. Characteristics: romaine type, entire leaf margin, very dark green, glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, large head size, rounded butt, flattened midrib, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew (has DM18 resistance gene). Similar: Green Forest. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201300138, issued 9/30/2013. 2013.

Pueblo—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type, medium to large head size with defined smooth ribs, uniform, strong protective wrapper, low core, faster maturing. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-29, 32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—IX), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: late spring, early summer, and early fall productions in open field.

Python—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Developed for the romaine hearts market. Medium plants with dark, glossy green leaves and savoyed texture. Attractive shape and straight ribs. Dense, blanched heart, short core. U.S. Patent No. 9,974,277.

Quest—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: iceberg type, medium green, early maturity, good head protection, high yield. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, tipburn, bolting. Adaptation: summer production in coastal California and winter production in Southwest U.S. desert; dual-purpose for cartons and processing.

Radian (LS13612)—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds (Els Groot). Parentage: Mafalda x Kayman. Characteristics: butterhead type, yellow green leaves, entire leaf margin, moderately glossy, medium head size, midrib moderately raised, slow bolting, spiny with basal side shoots, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic and tomato bushy stunt viruses, downy mildew (Bl: 1-33 EU), lettuce aphid. Similar: Lucan. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201700289, issued 11/20/2019. 2014.

Rafael (41-116 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, medium to dark green, small size, very slow filling heart, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-20, 22-25, 29, 30, 33-37 EU), Fusarium wilt (Fol:1), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), tipburn. Adaptation: for outdoor production, good possibility for whole leaf processing.

Ragol (41-174 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: breeding line 969542 x Casius. Characteristics: Bibb type, very dark green on the outside and yellow inside, moderately glossy, thick leaf with entire margin, small to medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-26, 31, 32 EU, Ca-I–VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid. Similar: Ralph. PVP# 201500360, issued 3/21/2018. 2013.

Rainier—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: a large, heavy, medium green full-size romaine. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl: 16-27, 29, 30, 32, 33 EU; Ca I—VIII), corky root (intermediate resistance), lettuce aphis (Nr:0). Adaptation: late spring to summer productions in open field for carton, hearts, and processing.

Red Fusion (BOS 9401147)—Breeder: Orsetti Seed Co. (Greg Orsetti). Parentage: (Fusion x (Western Red Leaf x Red Tide)) x ((Red Tide x King Henry) x Tehama). Characteristics: a red leaf variety, upright, ‘V-shaped’ butt, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: carries tomato bushy stunt virus resistance gene (Tvr1). Similar: Red Tide. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest US. PVP# 202000009, issued 4/9/2021. 2018.

Red Mist—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: leaf type, red mixed with green colors, upright, V-shape helps prevent basal rot and packs well, excellent weight for a red leaf. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-26, 28, 32 EU; Ca I—IX), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: suitable for open field production.

Regency 2.0 (Exp. R-007)—Breeder: Vanguard Seed Inc. Parentage: result of one generation of mass selection from Regency. Characteristics: crisphead type (Salina group), medium green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, large head size, flat butt, flattened midrib, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Ca-VI—VIII), corky root (CA1). Similar: Grand Slam. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201300146, issued 3/11/2014. 2013.

Requena (41-120 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Bibb type, dark to very dark green thick leaves with entire margin, moderate glossiness, strong blistering, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, small head size, slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16—30, 32, 33 EU, Ca I—VIII), Fusarium wilt (Fol:1), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Ragol. PVP# 201600261, issued 7/31/2018. 2014.

Rhazes (E16.1000)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: Pandero x breeding line F36736. Characteristics: Bibb type, dark green and intense red leaf color, moderately glossy leaves, entire leaf margin, slightly concave butt, moderately raised midrib, white seed. Resistance: pink rib, internal rib necrosis, root aphid, cold. Similar: Ovired and Xanadu. Adaptation: Southwest US (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100130, issued 6/19/2013. 2010.

Rhino—Breeder: Bayer. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Possessing the potential to form a large, heavy head, Rhino is a medium green, large framed lettuce with a short core length. Clean bottoms and smooth ribs allow for ease of harvest and limited cracking during harvest and packing. The variety has a good head wrap which can provide additional protection from both the cold and the sun. Adaptation: Ideal for the Huron region of the western United States. Average sowing dates are between December 1st-December 31st.

Rhodenas (45-113 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: iceberg type, large framed, slower bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-37 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: West Coast U.S.

River RD. (CVX-409-3)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Parentage: Green Forest x El Dorado Cos. Characteristics: romaine type, very dark green, glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering and entire margin, large head size, rounded butt, flattened midrib, black seed. Similar: Zuma. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201500042, issued 12/9/2015. 2014.

Rocky Row (CVX-178-M-BC2-F6)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Parentage: (Hearts Delight x (Hearts Delight x CVX-D Cos)) BC2F6. Characteristics: romaine type, medium green and moderately glossy leaves with entire margin, large head size, rounded butt, flattened midrib, black seed. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, corky root, downy mildew (has DM18 resistance gene). Similar: Green Forest. Adaptation: Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200028, issued 6/19/2013. 2011.

Rosaine (41-198 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: Bibb type, dark brown red thin leaves, moderately glossy, moderate blistering, entire leaf margin, small head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 1-26, 28, 31, 32 EU, Ca-I—VIII), Fusarium wilt (Fol:1), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid. Similar: Rosgem. PVP# 201500338, issued 6/3/2016. 2013.

Rosehart—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Upright plant with compact growth. Suitable for fresh market. Performed well in high density plantings destined for romaine hearts and processing markets. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew (Bl), Corky root (Ss). Adaptation: Tail end variety.

Rouxai (83-90 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: oakleaf type, unique because of its very red color at the top of the leaves but also the intense red color on the underside of the leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-30, 32, 33 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0).

Roxy—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: butterhead type, red color, nice base, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16, 21, 23, 32 EU; Ca I—VI), tipburn. Adaptation: suitable for open field production.

Rubyglace (NUN 09125 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Parentage: Nun 9044 LT/Redglace x breeding line 10579197. Characteristics: a red leaf lettuce. Resistance: bolting and downy mildew. Similar: Redglace. PVP# 201900057, issued 5/7/2021. 2018.

Salvius (41-49 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, moderately savoyed, tall, large size, fast growing. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16-26, 32 EU), corky root (intermediate resistance), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: suited for outdoor production.

Santoro (43-66 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: butterhead type, round base, slow bolting. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-22, 24, 25, 29-35, 37 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid. Similar: Marenia. Adaptation: suited for processing.

Sawtooth—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: A medium green colored romaine. Compact upright plant. Very uniform plant. Straight core and flat ribs. Good density and weight. Versatile plant for easier crop management. Good complement of Bluerock, can be sold for Cartons and Heart. Resistance: HR: Downy mildew Bl: 5-9US, Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV).

Sculpin (SVLD2043)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: dark green, savoy, semi-closing romaine type, slow growing, field holding ability. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, downy mildew (Bl: 17-26, 28, 32 EU; Ca I–VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), low % of fringe burn. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. Average sowing dates are between January 5th-May 1st and July 15th-August 25th.

Serengeti—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. Produces vigorous plant frame. Large, well shaped heads with good internal quality. U.S. Patent No. 7,314,977.

Show Low (3SX272)—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Bubba x Spreckels. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green, glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, large head size, flat butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, white seed. Similar: Bubba, New York. Adaptation: winter plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200029, issued 7/30/2013. 2010.

Showtime—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Iceberg type. The plant is dark green in color. Produces heavy heads with good cap leaf protection. Low core and medium texture. Grows through big vein. PVP 200700432.

Simao (43-147 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: butterhead type, strong and supple, blond green leaves, fast heading and slow filling to produce stable heads with a flat base. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-34, 36 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), root aphid, tolerant to bolting and internal burn. Adaptation: suitable for outdoor production for the fresh market and possibly processing.

Slot Machine (SVLD2043)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), high uniformity, vigorous plant, medium dark green leaves, large head size, short core (3 cm), medium-late maturity. Resistance: protection from frost and sun scald due to robust outer leaves. Adaptation: wide sowing window in autumn for winter harvest, suited for both fresh market carton pack and processors in the Yuma and Imperial Valley regions of the Western U.S.

Solan—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: butterhead type, medium-sized head, green leaves, good upright plant habit and field holding. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl16-35 EU; Ca V–IX), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Adaptation: spring to summer sowings in the California Coast region and fall to spring sowings in the Desert Southwest U.S.

Solavia (84-15 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: leaf lettuce with lobed, very intense red, glossy and thin leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, rapid bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (NL: 1-2, 4-7, 10, 12-16, Bl: 17-18, 20-28 EU; Ca-I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Lunavia. Adaptation: West Coast, Northeast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). Suited for babyleaf/spring mix production, not suitable for whole head production. PVP# 201200007, issued 9/14/2012. 2010.

Solid King (CVX-46-M)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Parentage: Sunbelt x (Sunbelt x DF-7). Characteristics: romaine type, entire leaf margin with moderate undulation, dark green, glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: corky root (CA I), tipburn. Similar: Valley Heart. Adaptation: West Coast, North Central, and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201100055, issued 3/11/2014. 2009.

Soliflore (43-82 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: butterhead type, light green and purple red leaves with dull to moderate glossiness, slight to moderate blistering, entire leaf margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-33 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Rosaine. PVP# 201700012, issued 7/31/2018. 2016.

Somerest—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type (Salinas group), flat round head with smooth ribs and good head protection, consistently uniform, good weight through summer. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-29, 32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—IX), corky root (intermediate resistance), tipburn, bolting. Adaptation: summer production in open field.

Stage Coach—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: iceberg type, medium green, good head quality, high yield, very early maturity. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, tipburn. Adaptation: coastal California’s spring and early summer production; dual-purpose for cartons and processing.

Steamboat—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type, good head weight, short core. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), downy mildew (Bl: 16-27, 29, 32, 34, 36 EU; Ca I—VIII), corky root (intermediate resistance), tipburn. Adaptation: best suited for summer harvest in the open field production, a good choice for processing.

Sunland (CVX-81)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Parentage: 2000-31 x (Green Forest x El Dorado). Characteristics: a vigorous romaine cultivar with medium green leaf color, thick leaf texture and increased head weight at harvest time. Resistance: mature plants displayed tolerance to tip burn, genetic resistances to tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), corky root, and excellent resistance to downy mildew. Similar: Heartbreaker. Adaptation: recommended for the main lettuce growing regions of California and Arizona. PVP# 202000174, issued 7/30/2021. 2019.

Suntred (NUN 6738 LT)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Parentage: (2-53704 A x Krizet x 2-50519-2) F3 x (Wendel x Maestro x Mae x Clar x HH53) F4. Characteristics: Bibb type, greyed purple leaves are moderately glossy, entire leaf margin, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, small head size, white seed. Similar: Intred. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert) and greenhouse. PVP# 201700115, issued 1/29/2020. 2013.

SV0001LB (RX 17290001)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Ballerina x [NASX(VBXR25)]. Characteristics: butterhead type, medium green and moderately glossy leaves with entire margin, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus, downy mildew (Bl: 1-26, 28 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), tipburn. Similar: Dark Green Boston. PVP# 201200008, issued 9/14/2012. 2011.

SV0822LD (SVR 7114)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Cosmic x PS 6545691. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves, crenate margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: cold, downy mildew (Bl: 17 EU). Similar: Speedway. Adaptation: spring plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400503, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV1235LB (PX-06511118)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Characteristics: butterhead type, dark green, dull leaves with moderate blistering, entire margin, medium head size, flat butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus (intermediate resistance: LMV:1), tomato bushy stunt virus. downy mildew (R1—R18; Bl: 16-26, 28, 32 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), tipburn. Similar: Margarita. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert), well-suited for fresh market, performs well when blended and bagged for retail market, the variety offers good contrast in bag to lighter butter lettuce options. PVP# 201400252, issued 5/12/2016. 2014.

SV1869LG (PX-06519917)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Cosmic x PS 6545691. Characteristics: iceberg-romaine cross, dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with shallowly dentate margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: cold. Similar: SV5688LG, SV4868LG. Adaptation: winter plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400504, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV3176LG (PX-06518721)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: PI 206964 x Salinas 88. Characteristics: iceberg-romaine cross, dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with shallowly dentate margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: tipburn. Similar: SV5688LG. Adaptation: spring plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400505, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV3673LD (PX-06513673)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Yuma x RS-3006. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green, moderately glossy, thick, spiny leaves, crenate margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: cold. Similar: Coyote. Adaptation: spring plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400506, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV4204LD (PX-06514204)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Viva II x Red Coach. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green, dull, thick leaves with strong blistering, crenate margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: cold, downy mildew (R1-R18; Bl: 16, 21, 23, 32), Fusarium wilt (intermediate resistance: Fol:1). Similar: LT4083. Adaptation: fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201300435, issued 3/11/2014. 2013.

SV4868LG (PX-06514868)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: PI 206964 x Salinas 88. Characteristics: iceberg-romaine cross, dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with shallowly dentate margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: cold. Similar: SV5688LG, SV1869LG. Adaptation: winter plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400507, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV5688LG (PS 06515688)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: (SVR0156 x Tiber)F4 x (PI 206964 x Salinas 88)F5. Characteristics: iceberg-romaine cross, very dark green, dull, thick leaves with shallowly dentate margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: tipburn. Similar: PS 6545691. Adaptation: Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200032, issued 9/14/2012. 2011.

SV5926LC (PX-06515791)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Durango x Sure Shot. Characteristics: crisphead type (Salinas group), dark green, moderately glossy, thick, spiny leaves, shallowly dentate margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, yellow seed. Similar: Sure Shot. Adaptation: Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400250, issued 5/12/2016. 2014.

SV6370LC (PX-06515809)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Durango x Sure Shot. Characteristics: crisphead type (Salinas group), dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves, crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, yellow seed. Similar: Sure Shot. Adaptation: Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400251, issued 5/12/2016. 2014.

SV6881LG (PX-06519217)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Cosmic x PS 6545691. Characteristics: iceberg-romaine cross, dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with shallowly dentate margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: tipburn. Similar: SV5688LG. Adaptation: fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400508, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV7735LD (PX-06515099)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate leaf margin, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: cold. Similar: Bubba. Adaptation: January-February plantings in West Coast and fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400064, issued 8/14/2015. 2013.

SV7772LG (PX-06511441)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Cosmic x PS 6545691. Characteristics: iceberg-romaine cross, dark green, moderately glossy, thick leaves with shallowly dentate margin, medium head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: tipburn, heat. Similar: SV5688LG. Adaptation: fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400509, issued 7/6/2016. 2014.

SV8143LC (PX-06514084)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Mohawk x Mirette. Characteristics: crisphead (Salinas group), dark green, dull, thick leaves with moderate blistering, crenate margin with moderate undulation, medium head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Similar: Telluride. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). Well-suited for a carton pack product. Suitable for the coastal regions of the western United States, provides smooth bottoms and short cores through long days, along with the ability to deliver consistent head uniformity when grown on 80” bed multiline plantings. Best suited for 30 heads per carton. Ideal for the main season segment. Average sowing dates are between March 20th-July 25th. PVP# 201400344, issued 5/12/2016. 2014.

SV8403LN (PS 06518403)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: (El Dorado x Clemente)F4 x Clemente. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, moderately glossy leaves with moderate blistering, entire leaf margin, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Similar: Fresh Heart. Resistance: tomato bushy stunt virus, corky root, downy mildew (Bl: 16, 21, 23, 32), Fusarium wilt (intermediate resistance: Fol:1), cold. Adaptation: winter plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201300029, issued 6/19/2013. 2012.

SV8893LN (PS 06518893)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (William Waycott). Parentage: Fresh Heart x King Henry. Characteristics: romaine type, dark green, moderately glossy leaves with moderate blistering, entire leaf margin, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, white seed. Similar: Sunbelt. Resistance: heat. Adaptation: fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201300030, issued 6/19/2013. 2012.

SVLC0286—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: Diamantinas x Denxdes-1. Characteristics: a crisphead coastal variety with a medium vigorous plant, fast growth, and high uniformity in the field, dark green leaves, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew races 16-33 and intermediate resistance to Fusarium wilt race 1. PVP# 202000158, issued 4/9/2021. 2019.

Sweet Success (SSC 3146)—Breeder and vendor: Shamrock Seed Company. Characteristics: SSC 3146 is a specialty lettuce with a plant habit similar to that of romaine and the crispness of head lettuce; it produces medium tall, heavy plants that are a glossy, deep green color; the leaves have a thick, crisp texture, serrated margins and a tendency to cup in. Resistance: Downy mildew Ca I-VIII/Bl 1-20, 22-28. 2013.

Tamarack—Breeder: 3 Star Lettuce. Parentage: Raider x Fall Green. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), crenate leaf margin with moderate undulation, medium green, moderately glossy, and thick leaves with moderate blistering, large head size, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, slow bolting, black seed. Similar: Raider. Adaptation: fall plantings in Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201200461, issued 3/11/2014. 2011.

Telluride—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: iceberg type, green color, durable leaf texture with good field holding ability. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 16, 21, 23, 32 EU; Ca I—VI), corky root (intermediate resistance). Adaptation: a versatile cultivar for spring, summer, and fall harvests in cooler climates.

Thinker (NUN 06743 LTL)—Breeder: Nunhems B.V. Parentage: Attico x breeding line 71910001. Characteristics: romaine type, entire leaf margin, medium green and moderately glossy leaves, small head size, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic virus, downy mildew (Bl 1-28 EU), lettuce aphid, pink rib, Russet spotting, brown stain. Similar: Little Gem. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). PVP# 201400012, issued 4/16/2015. 2011.

Tombstone—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Easy to pack due to the medium sized round heads. Smooth ribs which leads to less damage. Early maturity provides opportunities for harvest splits. Good carton variety. PVP 201000300.

Torovia (84-03 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: leaf type with lobed leaves, shallowly dentate leaf margin with slight to moderate undulation, medium to dark green, moderately glossy, thin leaves, rounded butt, moderately raised midrib, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew (NL: 1-2, 4-7, 10, 12-16, Bl: 17-18, 20-28 EU; Ca-I—VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Calviac. Adaptation: West Coast and Southwest U.S. (California and Arizona desert). Torovia is suited for babyleaf/spring mix production and not suited for wholehead production. PVP# 201200290, issued 7/30/2013. 2010.

Trail Boss (GXC-32)—Breeder: Harris Moran Seed Co. Parentage: Headmaster x Sonoma. Characteristics: crisphead type (Vanguard group), shallowly dentate leaf margin with strong undulation, dark green, dull, thick leaves with moderate blistering, medium head size, rounded butt, flattened midrib, white seed. Resistance: rusty brown discoloration, internal rib necrosis. Similar: Diamond. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201200051, issued 3/11/2014. 2011.

Tratovia (84-24 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: Burawi x Diveria. Characteristics: red babyleaf type, glossy, strong blistering, entire leaf margin with slight to moderate undulation, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, medium head size, rapid bolting, white seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17-18, 20-32 EU, Ca-I to VIII), lettuce aphid (Nr:0). Similar: Apache. PVP# 201600158, issued 7/31/2018. 2012.

Tropicana—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Characteristics: leaf type, green color. Resistance: corky root, heat, bolt, tipburn. Adaptation: suitable for open field, fresh packs or whole leaf production.

Tuccadona (41-514 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: romaine type between open heart cos and classic Parris Island, dark green, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (Bl: 17-26, 32 EU), lettuce aphid (Nr:0), tolerant to tipburn, delayed pinking after processing when compared to regular romaine & open heart cos varieties. Adaptation: suitable for outdoor production.

Valencia (CVX-2M)—Breeder: Central Valley Seeds (Tony M. Avila and Adolfo Mederos). Characteristics: a vigorous romaine cultivar with medium green leaf color, thick leaf texture and increased head weight at harvest time. Resistance: the mature plants display tolerance to tip burn, Sclerotinia minor and genetic resistance to tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), corky root and good resistance to down mildew, form straight and smooth midribs under high growing temperatures. Similar: River Rd. Adaptation: recommended for the main lettuce growing regions of California and Arizona. PVP# 201900201, issued 7/30/2021. 2019.

Vaquero—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Romaine type. Produces heavy, open plants with a very nice shape, straight ribs and a short core. Resistance: HR: Fusarium wilt (Fol), Corky root (Ss), Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV). Suited for warmer conditions due to its bolting tolerance. U.S. Patent No. 9,642,331.

Verte Maraichere—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Mid size romaine for hearts. Medium to light color. Uniform.

Webber (84-82 RZ)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Characteristics: oakleaf lettuce, medium green leaf, strong undulation of apical margin, moderate glossiness, small head size, slow bolting, black seed. Resistance: downy mildew and lettuce aphid. Similar: Tranvia. PVP# 201900022, issued 7/2/2021. 2018.

Western Heart—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Romaine type. Holds up to blistering in cold weather, requiring less peeling down. Plants have upright, compact growth suitable for high density plantings. Plants with good weight, ideal for process, carton and hearts.

Windchill—Breeder: Vilmorin. Characteristics: Produces large, upright romaine plants with good color and weight. No twisting. It can be planted with, or in place of Green Towers, Sun Valley and Fresh Heart. PVP No. 200900007.

Xamena (E01G9317)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: Xaroma x [(Xanadu x [Duende x (Fortunas x Roxette) x Ahoy] x [Attico x (Ferro x Fenston)])]. Characteristics: Bibb type, dark to very dark green leaves, moderate to strong glossiness, strong blistering, entire leaf margin, small head size, very firm head, rounded butt, prominently raised midrib, slow bolting, basal side shoots present, white seed. Resistance: lettuce mosaic and tomato bushy stunt viruses, corky root, downy mildew, tipburn. Similar: Thinker. Adaptation: West Coast U.S. PVP# 201600326, issued 7/31/2018. 2014.

MELON

Kevin M. Crosby

Department of Horticultural Sciences Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-2133

Accolade—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Eastern Shipper, round-oval, size 9, medium netting, shallow sutures, small seed cavity, very firm, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2, Melon aphid. Similar: Astound, Atlantis. Adaptation: southeastern U.S. 2016.

Astound—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Eastern Shipper, round-oval, size 6-9, medium netting, shallow sutures, small seed cavity, very firm, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2, Melon aphid. Similar: Aphrodite, Athena. Adaptation: southeastern U.S. 2016.

Athena—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Eastern Shipper, round-oval, size 6-9, fine netting, shallow sutures, firm, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Aphrodite, Atlantis. Adaptation: southeastern U.S. 1992.

Atlantis—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Characteristics: Eastern shipper, round-oval, size 9, fine netting, shallow sutures, firm, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Athena. Adaptation: southeastern U.S. 2008.

Chujuc—Breeder: Kevin Crosby, Texas A&M AgriLife Research. Characteristics: Western shipper, round to blocky oval, size 9, small, closed seed cavity, deep orange flesh, mid-season. Resistance: powdery mildew (1,2), vine decline. Similar: Cruiser. Adaptation: Texas, AZ. 2008.

Damaris—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Harper type, oval, size 9, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2, Melon aphid, MNSV. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Central America. 2021.

Da Vinci—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Characteristics: Tuscan type, oval, size 12-15, fine netting, green sutures, small seed cavity, deep orange, aromatic flesh, very firm. Resistance: powdery mildew 1, fusarium 0,2. Similar: Tuscan. Adaptation: AZ, TX, CA. 2010.

Don David—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Characteristics: Harper type, round, size 9-12, fine netting, very firm, orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: Fusarium wilt 0,1, melon aphid. Similar: Garth, Damaris, Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Mexico.

Early Pac—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type, round-oval, size 9-12, medium netting, orange flesh, very firm. Similar: Garth, Heidi. Adaptation: CA, AZ. 2018.

Fiji—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type, round-oval, size 9, medium netting, dark orange flesh, very firm, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Garth, Heidi. Adaptation: CA, AZ. 2012.

Garth—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Harper type, oval-round, size 9, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, dark orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Central America. 2020.

Hannah’s Choice—Breeder and vendor: Cornell University. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Eastern shipper, round, size 15, dense netting, small seed cavity, orange flesh, firm, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2, watermelon mosaic virus, papaya ringspot virus, zucchini yellow mosaic virus. Similar: TAM Uvalde. Adaptation: northeast U.S. 2005.

Heidi—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Harper type, oval, size 9, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, dark orange flesh, high brix. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Central America. 2021.

Honey Brew—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Honeydew, oval, size 5-8, smooth, white rind, green flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Morning Ice, Mega Brew. Adaptation: TX, AZ, CA, Mexico. 1994.

Infinite Gold—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type melon, oval, size 6-9 fruit, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, orange flesh with high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2 and fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Zacapa Gold. Adaptation: Central America, AZ, CA. 2013.

Jamaica—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Tuscan type, round-oval, size 9, fine netting, green sutures, orange flesh, very firm. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2. Similar: Da Vinci. Adaptation: CA, AZ. 2016.

Minerva—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Eastern Shipper, round-oval, size 4-6, dense netting, shallow sutures, firm, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2. Similar: Aphrodite, Athena, Atlantis. Adaptation: southeastern and mid-western U.S. 2001.

Orange Beauty—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Characteristics: Charentais type, round, size 15, fine netting, green sutures, small seed cavity, deep orange, aromatic flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2. Similar: Charentais. Adaptation: AZ, CA.

Oro Duro—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Western shipper, round, size 12, heavy netting, small seed cavity, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 2. Similar: Primo, Cruiser. Adaptation: Central America, Mexico. 2004.

Olympic Express—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Western shipper, round, size 9-12, heavy netting, small seed cavity, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Primo, Cruiser. Adaptation: Central America, Mexico. 2007.

PMR Delicious 51—Breeder and vendor: Cornell University. Parentage: Harvest Queen x Edisto 48-5 x Delicious 51 x Dudaim melon. Muskmelon, round, size 15, medium netting, small seed cavity, orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2 and fusarium wilt 2. Similar: Delicious 51. Adaptation: northeast U.S. 2005.

Rio-Gold—Breeder: Godfrey, Lower Rio Grande Valley Substation, Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Vendor: T.A.E.S. Parentage: (Cucumis melo var. chito x Hale’s Best) x Smith’s Perfect. Characteristics: good net, greenish-yellow rind, slight sutures, exceptionally high in sugar content. Resistance: downy mildew. Similar: Hale’s Best. Adaptation: regionally to all of Texas and the southeastern states. Reference: Texas A.E.S. Prog. Rpt. 1613. 1953.

Santa Fe—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Honeydew, oval, size 5-8, smooth, white rind, green flesh, small seed cavity, high brix. Similar: Honey Brew, Superdew. Adaptation: Ca, AZ, TX, Mexico.

Sarah’s Choice—Breeder: Brent Loy, University of New Hampshire. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: muskmelon, oval-round, size 12-15, light netting, small seed cavity, orange flesh. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Hannah’s Choice. Adaptation: northeast U.S. 2008.

Snow Leopard—Vendor: Johnny’s Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: honeydew, oval, size 15, white rind with green stripes, very firm flesh, high brix. Resistance: fusarium wilt 0. Adaptation: CA, TX, AZ. 2002.

Sun Pac—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Extended shelf life, western shipper, round, size 9, dense netting, orange flesh, very firm. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2, melon aphid. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Central America. 2020.

Super Nectar—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Honeydew, oval, size 5-6, smooth, white rind, green flesh, small seed cavity, very firm. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 2. Similar: Honey Brew, Morning Ice. Adaptation: Central America, Mexico, CA. 2011.

Sweet Break—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Harper type, oval-round, size 9, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, dark orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2, melon aphid. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Central America. 2021.

Tacana—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type, round-oval, size 9-12, medium netting, dark orange flesh, small seed cavity, very firm, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2, melon aphid. Similar: Garth, Heidi. Adaptation: CA, AZ. 2016.

TAM-Dew Honeydew—Breeder: R.T Correa, Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco, 1971. Parentage: USDA 64-57-B x USDA 64-28-A. Characteristics: smooth, ivory rind, oval, size 5-8 fruit with small seed cavity. Flesh is green with high soluble solids (14-15). Resistance: powdery mildew, downy mildew, fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Green-flesh honeydew. Adaptation: Texas, Mexico. 1971.

TAM-Dulce—Breeder: R.T. Correa, Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Characteristics: Western Shipper, round, size 12-15, medium netting, shallow sutures, small seed cavity, dark orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, downy mildew, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Mission, Top-Mark. Adaptation: TX, Mexico. 1968.

TAM-Perlita—Breeder: R.T. Correa, Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Characteristics: Western Shipper, round, size 12-15, medium netting, shallow sutures, small seed cavity, dark orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, downy mildew, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Mission, Top-Mark. Adaptation: TX, Mexico. 1965.

TAM-Uvalde—Breeder: R.T. Correa, Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Characteristics: Western Shipper, round, size 15, medium netting, shallow sutures, small seed cavity, dark orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, downy mildew. Similar: Mission, Perlita. Adaptation: TX, Mexico. 1977.

Timeless Gold—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type melon, oval, size 9-12, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, orange flesh with high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 2 and fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Zacapa Gold. Adaptation: Central America, AZ, CA.

Tonga—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type, oval, size 9, medium netting, dark orange flesh, very firm, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Garth, Heidi. Adaptation: CA, AZ. 2013.

Valley Express—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Characteristics: Harper type, oval-round, size 9, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, dark orange flesh, high brix. Resistance: powdery mildew 1,2, Fusarium wilt 0,1,2, melon aphid. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: CA, AZ, Central America. 2022.

Wescan—Breeder: R.T. Correa, Texas Agric. Expt. Sta., Weslaco. Characteristics: Western Shipper, round, size 12-15, very dense netting, shallow sutures, small seed cavity, dark orange flesh, very firm, high brix. Resistance: downy mildew, Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Mission, Top-Mark. Adaptation: TX, Mexico. 1963.

Zacapa Gold—Breeder and vendor: VoloAgri. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Harper type melon, oval- round, size 9-12, fine netting, small seed cavity, very firm, orange flesh with high brix. Resistance: Fusarium wilt 0,2. Similar: Infinite Gold. Adaptation: Central America, AZ. 2015.

ONION

Christopher S. Cramer

Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences New Mexico State University Las Cruces, NM 88003

Acadia—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, early maturing, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2009.

Airoso—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2018.

Ajusco—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, white onion, round globe, early maturity. Adaptation: Colorado, central California, southern New Mexico, Pacific Northwest U.S. 2016.

Alba Blanca—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, round globe, early maturity. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2017.

Alison—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, later maturing. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Althea—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, top shaped. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Anillo—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2012.

Arcero—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2007.

Aruba—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Ascent—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, early maturing, round globe. Adaptation: northeastern U.S. 2014.

Avalon—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs, high bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2007.

Avenger—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, early maturing, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2010.

Barbaro—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, late maturity, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Barolo—Breeder and Vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, good interior red color. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2020.

Bella Luna—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, top shaped. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2017.

Belmar—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Blanca Grande—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, early maturing, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2015.

Blush—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, light pink onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

Braddock—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: northeastern U.S. 2007.

Bradley—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Bridewhite—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, white onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2019.

Brundage—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, white onion, late maturing, high globe, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Buena Vista—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, late maturing, high percentage of single centers. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2013.

Cabernet—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, red onion, round globe, good bulb firmness. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2013.

Caldwell—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2019.

Caliber—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, late maturing, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs, long storage, high bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2019.

Calibra—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, mild. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Camilla—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturing, short term storage. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2018.

Campero—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturing. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

Canarana—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2018.

Caramelo—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2005.

Carta Blanca—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, top shaped. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Cartier—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, early maturing. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2017.

Catskill—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, long term storage. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2016.

Centerstone—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, good bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2007.

Chancellor—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: central California. 2016.

Commendable—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2015.

Cortland—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

Crockett—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Crown—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs. Resistance: bolting, Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. 2007.

Dawson—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2020.

Defender—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2021.

Delgado—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2002.

Desperado—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

Dulce Reina—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, low pungency, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

Dulciana—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, top shaped, low pungency. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Duster—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

Elbrus—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, early maturing. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Elyse—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, low pungency. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2019.

Epic—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs, early maturity, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2021.

Florentina—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Francesca—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, southern New Mexico, south Texas, Mexico. 2014.

Gabriella—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, low pungency, short term storage. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Genesis—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturity, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 1999.

Great Western—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Colorado, central California, southern New Mexico, Pacific Northwest U.S. 2012.

Great White—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, white onion, early maturing, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2014.

Gunnison—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, early maturing, blocky globe, long term storage, high percentage of single centers. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2000.

Hamilton—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2015.

Harlan—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, short term storage. Adaptation: central California. 2019.

Hornet—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, low pungency, high percentage of single centers. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

Icepearl—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, white onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2015.

Jasmine—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs, low pungency. Resistance: bolting, Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2007.

Joaquin—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep globe, large bulbs, long term storage. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2007.

Lasalle—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturing, long term storage. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2008.

Lasso—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

Legend—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 1998.

Macon—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, later maturing. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2018.

Madalyn—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Majic Early Yellow Grano PRR—Breeder and vendor: Wes-Gro Farms. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection out of ‘Early Yellow Grano PRR’. Characteristics: short-day yellow onion, deep Grano shape, very large bulbs. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. Similar: ‘Colossal’. PVP# 200100283, issued 6/10/2002. 2001.

Marenge—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Mata Hari—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2002.

Merlin—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting, Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2006.

Mighty Joe—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2016.

Minister—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, good bulb firmness, short term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: central California. 2016.

Monastrell—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2017.

Mondella—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2017.

Monjablanca—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Montclair—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, late maturing. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2016.

Montero—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Morpheus—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

Mountaineer—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, early maturing, flat globe. Adaptation: northeastern U.S. 2009.

Mt. Whitney—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, white onion, round globe, good bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Colorado, central California, southern New Mexico, Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

New Mexico White Grano PRR—Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘White Grano PRR’ and ‘New Mexico White Grano’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day white onion, top shaped, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Similar: ‘New Mexico White Grano’. PVP# 7900086, issued 10/18/1979, expired 10/18/1996. 1979.

New Mexico Yellow Grano PRR—Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘Texas Early Grano 502 PRR’ and ‘New Mexico Yellow Grano’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day yellow onion, top shaped, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Similar: ‘New Mexico Yellow Grano’. PVP# 7900117, issued 1/29/1980, expired 1/29/1997. 1979.

NM 899—Breeder: New Mexico State University (J. Corgan and M. Holland). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short-, intermediate-, and long-day white cultivars. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day white onion, high bulb firmness. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: NM 899. New Mexico Agric. Expt. Stn. Rel. Not., 8 pp. (1992). 1992.

Nobility—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep globe, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2002.

Nomad—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

NuMex Allure—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, short-day red cultivars crossed with intermediate-day yellow cultivars. Characteristics: intermediate-day dark red onion, round globe, late maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. Reference: HortScience 50:1735-1738 (2015). 2015.

NuMex Arthur—Breeder: New Mexico State University (M. Wall and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short- (Grano) and long-day (Sweet Spanish) yellow cultivars. Characteristics: intermediate-day yellow onion, late maturing, low pungency. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 37:707-708 (2002). 2002.

NuMex Camino—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘Excel 986B’ and ‘Texas Early Grano 502’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day yellow onion, early maturing, round globe, increased bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central and southern California. Reference: HortScience 38:1251-1252 (2003). 2002.

NuMex Chaco—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘Texas Early Grano 502 PRR BR’ and ‘Southport White Globe’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day yellow onion, round globe, early maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 36:1337-1338 (2001). 2000.

NuMex Crimson—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short-day red and yellow cultivars. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day dark red onion, flat globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 38:306-307 (2003). 2002.

NuMex Fabian Garcia—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection from ‘NuMex Jose Fernandez’. Characteristics: intermediate-day yellow onion, round globe, late maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. Reference: HortScience 47:1369-1372 (2012). 2012.

NuMex Freedom—Breeder: New Mexico State University (M. Wall and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short- (Grano) and long-day (Sweet Spanish) yellow cultivars. Characteristics: overwintering, intermediate-day yellow onion, grano, late maturing, low pungency. Resistance: pink root, bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 37:705-706 (2002). 2002.

NuMex Grandeur—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short-day red and yellow cultivars and intermediate-day yellow cultivars. Characteristics: intermediate-day dark red onion, round globe, late maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. Reference: HortScience 49:350-353 (2014). 2013.

NuMex Mirage—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercrosses among short- and intermediate-day white onion cultivars. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day white onion, increased bulb firmness. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 42:1719-1720 (2007). 2006.

NuMex Quasar—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection from ‘Texas Early White’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day white onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root, bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central and southern California. Reference: HortScience 51:1613-1615 (2016). 2015.

NuMex Radiance—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection from NM 899. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day white onion, high globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 44:820-823 (2009). 2008.

NuMex Serenade—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection from ‘NuMex Starlite’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day yellow onion, round globe, increased bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 45:1889-1892 (2010). 2009.

NuMex Silhouette—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short-day red and yellow cultivars and intermediate-day yellow cultivars. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day dark red onion, round globe, late maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root, bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 54:377-379 (2019). 2018.

NuMex Snowball—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short- and long-day white cultivars. Characteristics: intermediate-day white onion, round globe, late maturing, high bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. Reference: HortScience 36:1339-1340 (2001). 2000.

NuMex Solano—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘Ben Shemen’ and ‘Southport White Globe’. Characteristics: overwintering, late-maturing, intermediate-day white onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, high bulb firmness. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 38:308-310 (2003). 2002.

NuMex Whisper—Breeder: New Mexico State University (C. Cramer). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, intercross of short-, intermediate-, and long-day yellow cultivars. Characteristics: overwintering, intermediate-day yellow onion, round globe, late maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs, multiple dry outer scale layers, high bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root, bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. Reference: HortScience 49:971-976 (2014). 2013.

Oloroso—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2014.

Onieda—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2018.

Oracle—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

Ovation—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Colorado, central California, southern New Mexico, Pacific Northwest U.S. 2009.

Pandero—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Pecos—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturing. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

Peso—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

Pirate—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Plano—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2014.

Plethora—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2019.

Pocono—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2014.

Pontiac—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep globe, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2007.

Prospector—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturing, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2017.

Purple Haze—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, late maturing, round globe, good internal red color, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2009.

Rasta—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

RB 4020—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, round globe. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

Red Angel— Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, red onion, round globe, short term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

Red Beret—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2008.

Red Bull—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, deep globe, later maturing, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Red Carpet—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2015.

Red Devil—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2007.

Red Duke—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, good internal red color. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2017.

Red Emperor—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, red onion, flattened globe to top shaped. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2013.

Red Floyd—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, red onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, good internal red color. Adaptation: central California, southern New Mexico. 2019.

Red Hunter—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, flattened globe, later maturing, good internal red color, low pungency. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Red Label—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, red onion, flattened globe, good internal red color, short term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

Red Maiden—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, good internal red color, early maturing. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2019.

Red Mountain—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, early maturing, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2018.

Red Nugent—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color, early maturing. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2017.

Red Ranger—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. 2019.

Red Rock—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. 2004.

Red Sensation—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, top shaped, good internal red color, good bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Red Spring— Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering, intermediate-day, red onion, round globe, short term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2018.

Red Sunset—Breeder and vendor: Dessert Seed Co. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘Southport Red Globe’ and ‘Yellow Sweet Spanish Tucker strain PRR’. Characteristics: long-day red onion, round globe. Resistance: smudge. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S., Colorado, Utah. Similar: ‘Southport Red Globe’. PVP# 8000039, issued 7/31/1980, expired 7/31/1997. 1980.

Rhea—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, white onion, deep globe. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2020.

Ridgeline—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S., northeastern U.S. 2016.

Ringo—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, high sugars. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia. 2015.

Rio del Sol—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2020.

Rio Dulce—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, flat globe, low pungency, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2018.

Rising Sun—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, low pungency, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Rubillion—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, early maturing, high percentage of single centered bulbs, good internal red color. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2018.

Ruby Ring—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, high globe, good bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs, good internal red color. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

Saddleback—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, early maturing. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2016.

Safrane—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, long term storage, high percentage of single centers. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: northeastern U.S. 2006.

Salute—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2010.

Samurai—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

Scorpion—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, long storage. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

Scout—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, late maturing, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs, high bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2007.

Sedona—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Serengeti—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2005.

SK-20—Breeder and vendor: House Foods Group. Parentage: open-pollinated, low pungency selection of irradiated ‘Super Kita-momiji’. Characteristics: long-day yellow onion, torpedo shaped, low pungency, tearless. Adaptation: Pacific NW, Colorado, Utah. PVP# 201800182, issued 3/27/2020. 2018.

Sofire—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2017.

Solstice—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, white onion, deep globe. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2008.

Somerset—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs. Resistance: bolting, Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern California, southern New Mexico, south Texas, Mexico. 2007.

Spanish Medallion—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Colorado, central California, southern New Mexico, Pacific Northwest U.S. 2007.

Super Luna—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, top shaped. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2017.

Super Pinoy—Breeder and vendor: East-West Seed Co. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between ‘Red Pinoy’ and ‘Pusa Red’. Characteristics: short-day red onion, flat globe, pungent. Adaptation: tropics. PVP# 201200025, issued 4/16/2015. 2012.

Superex—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, flat globe, early maturing, low pungency. Adaptation: Georgia, Central America, Mexico. 1992.

SV4043NM—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, round globe. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

SV4058NU—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, white onion, round globe. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2012.

SV4643NT—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, good internal red color, early maturing. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot. Adaptation: Northeastern U.S. 2012.

SV6646NW—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep globe. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

SV6672NW—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

SV7030NS—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, red onion, flat globe, good internal red color. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2016.

Swale—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, good bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2009.

Sweet Agent—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat, low pungency, early maturing. Adaptation: Georgia. 2014.

Sweet Azalea—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat, low pungency. Adaptation: Georgia. 2018.

Sweet Caroline—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2005.

Sweet Harvest—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, high sugars. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia. 2011.

Sweet Jasper—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, high sugars. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Georgia. 2005.

Sweet Magnolia—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat, low pungency. Adaptation: Georgia. 2020.

T-448—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering, intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2013.

Talon—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep blocky globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2005.

Tamara—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, blocky globe, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 1998.

Tania—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency, early maturing, good bulb firmness. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2020.

Tannat—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, red onion, round globe, good interior red color. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2020.

Temprana—Breeder: New Mexico State University (J. Enzie and J. Corgan). Vendor: New Mexico State Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection from ‘New Mexico White Grano’. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day white onion, top-shaped. Resistance: bolting. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central and southern California. Reference: Enzie, J.V. and J.N. Corgan. 1979. Temprana: An early maturing white grano onion. New Mexico State Univ. Coop. Exten. Serv. Circ. 488, 2 pp. 1979.

Texas Legend—Breeder: Texas Agric. Expt. Stn. (L. Pike). Vendor: Texas Agric. Expt. Stn. Parentage: open-pollinated, selection out of ‘Texas Grano 1015Y’. Characteristics: short-day yellow onion, flat globe, early maturing. Resistance: bolting, pink root. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. Similar: ‘Texas Grano 1015Y’. Reference: PVP# 200000098, issued 12/3/2001. 2000.

The Rock—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, late maturing, large bulbs, high percentage of single centered bulbs, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2009.

Trailblazer—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, early maturing, round globe, good bulb firmness, long storage. Resistance: Botrytis neck rot. Adaptation: northeastern U.S. 2007.

Traverse—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, good bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S., northeastern U.S. 2020.

Trekker—Breeder and vendor: American Takii. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, early maturing, round globe, good bulb firmness, long storage. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: northeastern U.S. 2010.

Trident—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, long storage, high bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2019.

Trigger—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, late maturing, large bulbs, long term storage, good bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2010.

Tucannon—Breeder and vendor: Seminis. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, deep globe, long term storage, dark outer scale color. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2016.

Utrero—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, good bulb firmness, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

Valero—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, large bulbs. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

Vanguard—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, large bulbs, high bulb firmness. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2009.

Vidora—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, thick flat shape, low pungency. Adaptation: Georgia, southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2018.

Vulkana—Breeder and vendor: Nunhems. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, yellow onion, round globe. Adaptation: southern California, south Texas, Mexico. 2013.

White Ace—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: short-day, white onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern California, southern New Mexico, south Texas, Mexico. 2019.

White Cap—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, white onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

White Castle—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day, white onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. 2009.

White Cloud—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Co. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, white onion, high globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs. Resistance: Fusarium basal rot, pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2007.

White Wing—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, white onion, flattened globe, short term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2006.

XP 07716000—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: hybrid, Yellow Sweet Spanish. Characteristics: long-day dark, yellow onion, low pungency, high globe, long term storage. Adaptation: Pacific NW, Colorado, Utah. PVP# 200900280, issued 12/15/2009. 2009.

Yellowstone—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: overwintering, short-day, yellow onion, round globe to top shaped. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Colorado, central California, southern New Mexico, Pacific Northwest U.S. 2011.

Yosemite—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, good bulb firmness. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California. 2018.

Yukon—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: long-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centered bulbs, good bulb firmness, long term storage. Resistance: pink root. Adaptation: Northeastern and Pacific Northwest U.S. 2016.

Zoey—Breeder and vendor: Enza Zaden. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: intermediate-day, yellow onion, round globe, high percentage of single centers, good bulb firmness. Adaptation: southern New Mexico, central California, Colorado. 2014.

PARSNIP

Philipp W. Simon

USDA, ARS Vegetable Crops Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706

Albion—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Albion has a very white skin finish which is noticeably slower to discolor. Roots are an obovate root shape which taper nicely, filling well down the root length, making it suitable for retail trade and also popular for processing. Produces heavy weight yields and is suitable for early/main season sowing with lifting from autumn to mid-winter.

Gladiator—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Presents a refined regular obovate root shape with white skin and strong resistance to root canker. Very early bulking and is ideal for lifting through to late autumn.

Javelin—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: For overwintering/spring harvests. Slim, smooth, tapered roots with shallow crown. Consistent, reliable, flexible and very well proven Javelin is the most successful commercial F1 hybrid parsnip available. Javelin produces a slender wedge shaped root-ideal for pre-pack market. Shallow crowns make for easy cleaning. Can be sown throughout the sowing year and has tremendous field holding capacity and excellent canker resistance.

Pacific—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early maturing variety with high yield potential. Produces bulky, well filled cello-sized roots with attractive color.

Palace—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: An outstanding vigorous variety that produces high yields of smooth, uniform, very white roots. Medium storage.

Panorama—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Long roots, slender, very white. Good storage. For processing and cellos.

Pearl—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Slender and smooth roots, nice white color. Excellent for pre-pack and cellos. Very good storage.

Picador—Breeder and vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Early and productive. Bulky roots that are great for processing.

Viking—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Viking is an early maturing line with vigorous foliage. Its long roots are slender wedge shaped that are well filled. The root holds its weight down the root resulting in higher yield and a more consistent product for roasting.

Warrior—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: Very white, smooth skin, bulks rapidly in the spring from an early sowing. Root shape is obovate. Best lifted in the early summer months, later sowings will hold into the autumn but growing period to harvest suitability is always short. Will continue to grow past the ideal size and can produce enormous roots if allowed to grow on. Not recommended for late fall harvests or overwintering due to tendency to oversize.

White Spear—Breeder and vendor: Tozer. Parentage: Open pollinated. Characteristics: High-performance OP. Very uniform, white roots from vigorous plants. Classic parsnip shape with a deep crown-set, wide, rounded shoulders, and roots that quickly taper.

PEA-GREEN

Rebecca McGee

USDA-ARS Johnson Hall Washington State University Pullman, WA 99164

Jim Myers

Department of Horticulture Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331

11P42—Vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 11-12th node, matures in 58 days. Average sieve size is 3.7. Plants are semi-leafless, and have 2-3 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

322 (97338 01)—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: Gallatin Valley Seeds. Parentage: 1005 022 x 516 (861 002-04). Characteristics: A full-season, small sieve afila type garden pea. Plants are 62 cm tall. Pods are borne in doubles and triples and have 8 seeds. HSW = 11 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: powdery mildew (tolerant), Aphanomyces root rot and Fusarium root rot. Susceptible to PEMV and PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201700194, 2017.

382 (535 002-2)—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: Gallatin Valley Seeds. Parentage: 253 002-4 x 224 012. Characteristics: A full season, small sieve processing pea. Plants are 65 cm tall and are semi-leafless. Pods are slightly curved and have blunt ends. They are borne in 2’s and 3’s and contain 8 seeds. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: partial to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root and Pythium. Moderate resistance powdery mildew. Susceptible to PEMV and RCVMV. PVP Certificate #201400139, 2015.

389 (97138 06)—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: Gallatin Valley Seeds. Parentage: 922 013 (C339) x USDA 90-2322. Characteristics: A mid-season, small sieve, semi-leafless processing pea, 60 cm ht. Pods are straight with blunt ends, borne in doubles and triples containing 7 seeds. HSW = 14 g. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: partial to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot and Pythium, tolerant to PEMV. Susceptible to powdery mildew and RCVMV. PVP Certificate #201400356, 2015.

390 (97313 04)—Breeder and vendor: General Mills, Inc. Parentage: C 315 (921 001) x FR 92-1. Characteristics: A full season, semi-leafless, small sieve green pea, 67 cm in height. Pods are slightly curved with blunt ends and contain 8 seeds. Pods are borne in doubles, triples, and quads. HSW is 13 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: powdery mildew, partial resistance to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot, Pythium and PEMV. Susceptible to RCVMV. PVP Certificate #201400357, 2015.

435—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A First Early processing pea. First bloom at 10th node, matures in 1240 HU with an average sieve size of 3.5. HSW = 20.6 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

437 (95020)—Breeder and vendor: General Mills, Inc. Parentage: 94218 F1 x 94221 F1. Characteristics: An early season green processing variety, plant height 64 cm with normal leaflets. The pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 1’s and 2’s. There are 7 seeds per pod. HSW = 16 g. Blooms at 10th node. Resistance: Moderately resistant to Aphanomyces root rot and PEMV. Susceptible to powdery mildew. PVP Certificate #201300438, 2014.

506 (97272)—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Foods Corporation. Parentage: 95-166-4 BC2F1 x 516 (861 022-04. Characteristics: A mid-season, high yielding afila type for late season planting. Plants are 67 cm tall, have double and triple pods with 8 seeds. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: High partial resistance to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot and Pythium. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Susceptible to downy mildew, PEMV, and PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201700195, 2017.

513 (486 002)—Breeder and vendor: General Mills, Inc. Parentage: C 531 x USDA 81017. Characteristics: A mid-season, large seeded pea for processing markets. Plants are 67 cm tall and have normal leaflets. Pods are straight with blunt ends and have 8 seeds. HSW = 21 g. Blooms at 14th node. Resistance: High levels of partial resistance to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root and Pythium. Moderately resistant to PEMV. Susceptible to powdery mildew and RCVMV. PVP Certificate #201400140, 2015.

518—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A mid-season processing pea. First bloom at 11th node, matures in 1485 HU with an average sieve size of 3.8. HSW = 18.92 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew; intermediate resistance to PEMV.

522 (97272 12)—Breeder and vendor: General Mills, Inc. Parentage: 95166 4 BC2F1 x 861 002-4. Characteristics: A mid-season, semi-leafless, large seeded pea. Plants are 70 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends, are borne in doubles and triples and have 8 seeds. Blooms at 14th node. Resistance: Tolerant to Fw Race 1. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Very high partial resistance to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot and Pythium. Susceptible to RCVMV, moderately susceptible to PEMV. PVP Certificate #201400355, 2015.

522—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A mid-season processing pea. First bloom at 14-15th node, matures in 1550 HU with an average sieve size of 4. HSW = 20.6 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

8288—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A mid-season processing pea. First bloom at 14-15th node, matures in 1515 HU with an average sieve size of 3.8. HSW = 19.7 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

910 (02205 04)—Breeder: General Mills. Vendor: B&G Foods North America, Inc. Parentage: 01230 F1 x 94193 09 (C1001). Characteristics: An early season, normal leaf snap pea with good processing quality. Plants are 45 cm tall and have straight, blunt-ended pods with thick walls and 6 seeds. HSW = 26. Blooms at node 11. Resistance: Moderate resistance to RCVMV, Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot, and Pythium. Tolerant to PEMV. PVP Certificate #201600284, 2016.

Aloha (WAV 834)—Breeder and vendor: van Waveren Saaten GmbH. Parentage: WAV 29 x Line 758. Characteristics: A very early freezing type. Plants are 70cm tall and have normal leaflets. Pods are slightly curved with pointed ends. There are 8 seeds/pod. HSW = 21 g. Blooms at 9th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1 and BYMV. Moderately resistant to downy mildew. Susceptible to powdery mildew. PVP Certificate #201200294, 2014.

Ambassador—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 15-16th node, 1570 HU to harvest with average sieve size 4.2. Plants are 86 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 19.7. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew, downy mildew and BLRV.

Ambiance—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 60 cm tall, blooms at 15-16th node and matures in 1480 HU. Average sieve size is 2, HSW = 10.8 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Variety is dark green. Resistance: BYMV, Fw Race 1; intermediate resistance to downy mildew.

Austin—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A First Early processing pea. First bloom at 12th node, matures in 1240 HU with an average sieve size of 3.2. HSW = 17.8 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 2, powdery mildew.

Avalanche—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Snow Pea fresh market pea. Blooms at 14-15th node, matures in 58-60 days. Plants are 76.2 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

Bistro—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 12-13th node, 1410 HU to harvest with average sieve size 3.8. Plants are 58 cm tall with semi-leafless leaves. 2-3 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 20.6. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, tolerant to powdery mildew.

Boogie—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 14-15th node, 1470 HU to harvest with average sieve size 3.8. Plants are 66 cm tall with semi-leafless leaves. 2-3 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 20.6. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew.

BSC 905—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 10-13th node, 1320 HU to harvest with average sieve size 1.8. Plants are 61 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 9.3. Resistance: Fw Race 2.

Canoe—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Garden pea with 70 days to maturity, plant height 76.2 cm.

Concept (BSC 9152)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Snake x (Sonoma x Reagent). Characteristics: A late maturing semi-leafless, triple podded variety. Plants are 51 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 1’s, 2’s, and 3’s. There are 6 seeds/pod. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew. Moderately resistant to downy mildew. Susceptible to PEMV, PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201300009, 2013.

Cosima—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 10th node, 1270 HU to harvest with average sieve size 3.8. Plants are 64 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 16.85. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

CS-440AF—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 15, 67 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.6. Plants are 60.96 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 18.5 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, PEMV; tolerant to Fw Race 2, powdery mildew.

CS-441AF—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 15, 68 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.5. Plants are 66.04 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 21.1 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, PEMV; tolerant to Fw Race 2, powdery mildew.

CS-455AF—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 10, 58 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.7. Plants are 48.26 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 21.6 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1; tolerant to downy mildew.

CS-456AF—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 10, 60 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.75. Plants are 55.88 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 20.6 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 2.

CS-464AF—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 15, 67 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.7. Plants are 66.04 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 20.6 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 2, PEMV; tolerant to powdery mildew.

Dakota—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A First Early processing pea. First bloom at 9-10th node, matures in 1190 HU with an average sieve size of 3.5. HSW = 18.2g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, BLRV, powdery mildew.

Dancer (WAV 585)—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Parentage: Serge x WAV 758-3. Characteristics: A mid-late, multi-podded (triples) freezer type with afila leaflets and long pointed pods with 10 seeds. Plants are 75 cm tall. HSW = 17 g Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew, PEMV. Moderately resistant to Down Mildew. PVP Certificate #201800041, 2019.

Destiny—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 12-13th node, 1450 HU to harvest with average sieve size 4. Plants are 64 cm tall with normal leaves. 2-3 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 18.2. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew, resistant to BLRV.

Digit (BSC4880)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Paso x (Estancia/3/FR363//WAV219/WAV102). Characteristics: A high yielding triple podded, semi-leafless, small sieved variety. Plants are 48 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and contain 6 seeds. HSW = 14. Blooms at node 14. Resistance: Fw Race 1, Fw Race 2, downy mildew. Tolerant to powdery mildew. Moderately susceptible to PEMV. PVP Certificate #201500383, 2016.

DL Pioneer (LRP 1536)—Breeder and vendor: DL Seeds. Parentage: Respect x Genki. Characteristics: Marrow Fat type. Plants are 115 cm tall, semi-leafless, the double pods are straight with blunt ends and contain 5 seeds. HSW is 35.9 Blooms at 10th node. Resistance: Susceptible to powdery mildew PVP Certificate #201900102, 2021.

Eldorado—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. First Early processing pea. Blooms at 10th node, matures in 54 days. Leaflet type is normal. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

EX 08540794—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 45 cm tall, blooms at 12-13th node and matures in 1470 HU. Average sieve size is 3.2, HSW = 15.7 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Variety has r and rb alleles and determinant concentrated pod set. Resistance: BYMV, Fw Race 1.

FANTASY (BSC 746)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Kiros/Aladdin F1//FR668/Snake. Characteristics: A full season pea that is semi-leafless. Plants are 58 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 1’s, 2’s, and 3’s. There are 6 seeds/pod. HSW = 18 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew, PEMV, PSbMV, BYMV, BLRV. Moderate tolerance to downy mildew. PVP Certificate #201300006, 2013.

Feisty—Breeder: Brotherton Seed Company. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: garnish and/or garden pea. Blooms at 14-16th node, 1530 HU to harvest with average sieve size 4. Plants are 71 cm tall with semi-leafless leaves. 2-3 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 21.6. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, moderately resistant to powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew. plant height 76 cm. HSW = 21.6 g. PVP #200500047.

Festivert (D175161)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Parentage: HP2350 x D9732. very wrinkled seeds, plant is 90cm tall, afila, straight pointed medium green pods with 8 seeds. Blooms at 17th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew Down mildew, Fw Race 5, PEMV. PVP Certificate #202000200, 2021.

FP2269—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A First Early processing pea. First bloom at 9-10th node, matures in 1190 HU with an average sieve size of 3.9. HSW = 19.8 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

FP2278—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A mid-season processing pea. First bloom at 15th node, matures in 1540 HU with an average sieve size of 3.6. HSW = 19.7 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 2, powdery mildew.

Frieda Worlds—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 75-80 days to maturity, plant height 183 cm. Pigmented flowers.

Golden Sweet—Breeder: Nancy Elliott. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 61 days to maturity, plant height 152-178 cm. HSW = 20.6 g. pigmented flowers.

Green Beauty—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 60 days to maturity, plant height 183-245 cm. Pigmented flowers.

Grundy—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A mid-season processing pea. First bloom at 16-17th node, matures in 1550 HU with an average sieve size of 3.8. HSW = 20.6 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 2, powdery mildew; intermediate resistance to PEMV.

Gusty (BSC 4048)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Geni x Tonic. Characteristics: A semi-leafless, large sieve, early sweet pea. Plants are 49cm tall. The dark green pods are straight with blunt ends and have 5 seeds/pod. Pods are borne as singles and doubles. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, downy mildew, and powdery mildew. Susceptible to PEMV, PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201300008, 2013.

GV435 (FP2335)—Vendor: Agraplus, Inc. Parentage: HP2619-5-5 x HP1951-2-1-2-5. Characteristics: An early season, afila pea for processing markets. Plant height is 45 cm, Pods are straight with blunt ends, are borne as doubles and have 7 seeds. HSW = 22 g. Blooms at 9th node. Resistance: Tolerant to powdery mildew, Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot. Susceptible to Fw Race 1 and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201500207, 2018.

GV490 (FP2290 and FP4503)—Breeder: Syngenta. Vendor: Agraplus, Inc. Parentage: HP1951-2-1-2-7 x HP2450-5-4. Characteristics: A mid-season high yielding normal leaf type. Plant height is 57 cm. Pods are doubles with 8 seeds. HSW = 17 g Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: PSbMV (carries marker), tolerant to powdery mildew. Susceptible to PEMV, moderately susceptible to Aphanomyces root rot and Fusarium root rot. PVP Certificate #201700196, 2017.

GV518 (4506 and FP2318)—Vendor: Agraplus, Inc. . Parentage: PK7348-3-2-1 x 98-2087 (a USDA breeding line). Characteristics: A mid-season afila type. Plants are 49 cm tall and have straight pods with blunt ends that are borne in doubles. There are 9 seeds per pod and HSW = 18. Blooms at node 13. Resistance: Tolerant to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot, powdery mildew and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201500208, 2018.

GV555 (5512 and FP2321)—Vendor: Agraplus, Inc. Parentage: HP3078-2 x HP2855-7-1. Characteristics: A mid-season afila pea suitable for processing. Plants are 51 cm tall. Pods are slightly curved with pointed ends and contain 8 seeds. HSW = 16 g. Blooms at node 15. Resistance: Tolerant to powdery mildew, Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot. Moderately susceptible to PEMV. PVP Certificate #201500209, 2018.

Hacienda—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 60 cm tall, blooms at 16-18th node and matures in 1520 HU. Average sieve size is 3.2, HSW = 16.8 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Variety has blue-green foliage. Resistance: powdery mildew, Fw Races 1 and 2.

Honey Snap II—Breeder: C. Lamborn. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Snap pea. 58 days to maturity, plant height 76 cm. HSW = 25.2 g. yellow pods, stringy.

Hudson—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 15, 67 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.8. Plants are 63.5 cm tall with normal foliage. HSW = 17.3 g. Resistance: Fw Race 2, PEMV, tolerant to powdery mildew.

Ice Pack—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 40 cm tall, blooms at 9-10th node and matures in 1170 HU. Average sieve size is 3.4, HSW = 19.7 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Resistance: BYMV, Fw Race 1.

Idalgo (D165618)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Parentage: GP0745-BC2 x FP2318. (GP0745-BC2 is a breeding population). Characteristics: Wrinkled seeds, plant is 80 cm tall, afila, straight, pointed medium green pods with 8 seeds. HSW is 21 g. Blooms at node 13-14. Resistance: Fw Race 1, downy mildew, powdery mildew and PEMV. PVP Certificate #202000011, 2021.

Impact (BSC 4640)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: FR337/3/FR398/1W8901/774-53-1211. An early season processing pea with blue-green foliage. The plants are 53 cm tall and are semi-leafless, 1380 HU to harvest with average sieve size 3.2. The pods are straight with blunt ends and have 6 seeds. HSW = 16 g. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, downy mildew, and powdery mildew. Susceptible to Common Mosaic Virus, PEMV and PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201300007, 2013.

Jumbo—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 15th node, 1600 HU to harvest with average sieve size 6. Plants are 81 cm tall with normal leaves. 1-2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 30.3. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

Jumpstart—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 9th node, 1110 HU to harvest with average sieve size 3.6. Plants are 56 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 17.5. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

June—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 9th node, 1160 HU to harvest with average sieve size 3.6. Plants are 58 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Pointed pods/node. HSW = 18.95. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

Kennedy—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 12th node, 1300 HU to harvest with average sieve size Dimpled. Plants are 66 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Flat pods/node. HSW = 30.3. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

King Tut Purple—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Ornamental fresh market pea. Matures in 24-60 days. Plants are 76.2 cm tall with ‘Parsley’ foliage.

King Tut Yellow—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Ornamental fresh market pea. Matures in 24-60 days. Plants are 76.2 cm tall with ‘Parsley foliage’.

Kiss (WAV 895)—Breeder and vendor: Van Waveren Saaten GmbH. Parentage: WAV 29 x WAV 758. Characteristics: An early freezer type with normal leaflets, two pods per node with 8 seeds. Plants are 70 cm tall. HSW = 20 g. Blooms at 9th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1. Moderately resistant to downy mildew and BLRV. Susceptible to powdery mildew and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201800040, 2017.

Lakeshore (BSC4622)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Laxton Progress Number 9 x Northwind. Characteristics: A full season fresh market variety with normal leaflets and large, slightly curved pods with pointed ends. Pods are borne in singles and doubles and have 5-9 large seeds. Plants are 50 cm tall. This variety is well suited for organic, conventional, and fresh market growers. Blooms at node 15. Resistance: Fw Race 2, downy mildew, powdery mildew. Moderately resistant to Fw Race 1 and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201500384, 2016.

Little Snowpea Purple—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 50-54 days to maturity, plant height 61 cm. Pigmented flowers, green pods. Suitable for container planting.

Little Snowpea White—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 30 days to maturity, plant height 102 cm. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Lochsa (CS-420AF)—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seed, Inc. Parentage: Snake x Genie. Characteristics: A mid-late season semi-leafless processing pea. Plants are 75 cm tall. The pods are slightly curved, have a blunt end and contain 9 seeds. The pods are primarily doubles. HSW = 18 g. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 2, 5 and powdery mildew. Moderately resistant to Fusarium root rot. Susceptible to PEMV and PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201100253, 2012.

Lusaka (HS 771)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Parentage: Jessy x (Reuzensuiker x Delikett). Characteristics: Stringless snap pea for fresh market. Plants are 60 cm tall and have normal leaflets. The double pods have thick walls and are straight with blunt ends and have 7 seeds. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: High tolerance to powdery mildew. Susceptible to Fw Race 1. PVP Certificate #201700057, 2019.

M-14—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 9-10th node, matures in 58 days. Average sieve size is 3.7. Plants are 49.53 cm tall with normal foliage, and 2-3 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1; tolerant to downy mildew.

Marias—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 10, 58 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.6. Plants are 38.1 cm tall with normal foliage. HSW = 19.7 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

Maxigolt—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Garden pea. 65 days to maturity, plant height 76 cm. HSW = 29.3 g.

Naches—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 16, 72 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.75. Plants are 50.8 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 18.2 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1, 5; tolerant to Fw Race 2, powdery mildew.

Nairobi (HS 773)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Parentage: Jessy x (Reuzensuiker x Delikett). Characteristics: Stringless snap pea for fresh market with normal leaflets. Plants are 85 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends, have thick walls and 7 seeds. HSW–22 g. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: High tolerance to powdery mildew. Moderately susceptible to Fw Race 1. PVP Certificate #201700059, 2019.

Opal Creek—Breeder: Alan Kapuler. Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Snap pea. 70 days to maturity, plant height 152-183 cm.

PA0826 (EX 08250836)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: 2513ASKrSpDM x Early Sweet 414. Characteristics: An early, intermediate sieve, dark green normal leaf cultivar. Variety has both rb and r alleles, slowing conversion of sugars to starch. Plants are 60 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 2’s. There are 7 seeds per pod. HSW = 14 g. Blooms at 11th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, downy mildew, BYMV. Susceptible to Ascochyta Blight, powdery mildew, and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201300091, 2013.

Parsley Pea—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Ornamental fresh market pea. Matures in 24-60 days. Plants are 76.2 cm tall with ‘Parsley’ foliage’.

Penelope—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Garden pea. 59 days to maturity, plant height 86 cm. HSW = 17.4 g. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew; IR PEMV.

PLS 134—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 14th node, matures in 69 days. Average sieve size is 3.6. Plants are 66.04 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew, PEMV.

PLS 141—Breeder: Dick Lowe, Pureline Seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Snap pea. 64 days to maturity, plant height 76 cm. HSW = 20.6 g. stringy. Resistance: Fw Race 1 and powdery mildew.

PLS 167—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 11-12th node, matures in 65 days. Average sieve size is 3.6. Plants are 58.42 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2-3 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew. tolerant to downy mildew.

PLS 179—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Late Season processing pea. Blooms at 14-15th node, matures in 70 days. Average sieve size is 3.7. Plants are 58.42 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew, BLRV, PEMV.

PLS 196—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Late Season processing pea. Blooms at 16th node, matures in 74 days. Average sieve size is 3.6. Plants are 76.2 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew. tolerant to Fusarium root rot and Aphanomyces root rot.

PLS 226—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 11-12th node, matures in 61 days. Average sieve size is 3.3. Plants are 50.8 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2-3 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 2, powdery mildew; tolerant to Fw Race 1.

PLS 228—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 11-12th node, matures in 61 days. Average sieve size is 3.54. Plants are 50.8 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2-3 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 2, powdery mildew; tolerant to Fw Race 1.

PLS 251—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 14th node, matures in 68 days. Average sieve size is 3.4. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew; tolerant to downy mildew, PEMV.

PLS 534—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 9-10th node, matures in 58 days. Average sieve size is 3.8. Plants are 53.34 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1; tolerant to powdery mildew, downy mildew, Fusarium Root Rot.

PLS 560—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 15th node, matures in 67 days. Average sieve size is 3.2. Plants are 50.8 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 2; tolerant to powdery mildew, Aphanomyces root rot.

PLS 566—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 11-12th node, matures in 64 days. Average sieve size is 3.7. Plants are 58.42 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew; tolerant to downy mildew.

PLS 595—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Late Season processing pea. Blooms at 14th node, matures in 71 days. Average sieve size is 3.6. Plants are 76.2 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew; tolerant to downy mildew.

PLS 602—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season fresh market pea. Blooms at 10th node, matures in 68 days. Average sieve size is 3.20. Plants are 50.8 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2-3 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew; tolerant to downy mildew, PEMV.

PLS 613—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 11-12th node, matures in 65 days. Average sieve size is 3.1. Plants are 58.42 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

PLS 648—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Late Season processing pea. Blooms at 14-15th node, matures in 72 days. Average sieve size is 3.7. Plants are 60 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew.

Portage—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 10, 60 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.75. Plants are 55.88 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 20.5 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

Premium—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 9th node, 1150 HU to harvest with average sieve size 4.3. Plants are 58 cm tall with normal leaves. 1-2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 20.65. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

Prevail—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 9th node, matures in 57 days. Average sieve size is 3.6. Plants are 48.26 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1.

Prometheus (EX 08560906)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: F234NvIIMrk x 8504228. Characteristics: A late, large sieve dark green, semi-leafless cultivar. Plants are 60 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 2’s and 3’s. Pods contain 8 seeds. HSW = 19 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: Tolerant to Fw Race 1, downy mildew, powdery mildew, Common Mosaic Virus, PEMV. Susceptible to Fw Race 2. PVP Certificate #201300088, 2013.

Querida (WAV 1555)—Breeder and vendor: Van Waveren Saaten GmbH. Parentage: Serge x WAV 758-3. Characteristics: A mid-late, multi-podded freezer type with normal leaves, blunt, triple pods with 10 seeds with green cotyledons. HSW = 20 g. Plants are 65 cm tall with zig zag internodes. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew, PEMV. Moderately resistant to Down Mildew. PVP Certificate #201800042, 2019.

Reliance—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 45 cm tall, blooms at 13-14th node and matures in 1420 HU. Average sieve size is 3.2, HSW = 16.8 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Variety is dark green with determinant concentrated pod set. Resistance: PYMV, PEMV, powdery mildew, Fw Races 1 and 2; intermediate resistance to downy mildew.

Ricco—Breeder and vendor: Gallatin Valley Seed. Characteristics: A mid-season processing pea. First bloom at 15-16th node, matures in 1530 HU with an average sieve size of 3.7. HSW = 19.1 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1, BLRV, powdery mildew; intermediate resistance to Fw Race 2.

Romance—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 50 cm tall, blooms at 11-12th node and matures in 1290 HU. Average sieve size is 3.5, HSW = 18.4 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Resistance: Fw Race 1; intermediate resistance to downy mildew.

Royal Snap II—Breeder: C. Lamborn. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Snap pea. 58 days to maturity, plant height 61 cm. HSW = 25.2 g. purple pods, with string.

Royal Snow—Breeder: C. Lamborn. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 61 days to maturity, plant height 76.2cm. HSW = 26.7 g. Yellow Pods.

Sabre—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season fresh market pea. Blooms at 12-13th node, matures in 64 days. Average sieve size is 3.9. Plants are 55.88 cm tall with normal foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew; tolerant to Fusarium Root Rot.

Saltingo (D165621)—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta. Parentage: GP0745-BC2 x FP2338. GP0745-BC2 is a breeding population. Characteristics: Wrinkled seeds, plant is 85 cm tall. Afila. Double pods are straight and pointed with 8 seeds. HSW = 20g. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, Downy mildew, powdery mildew, PEMV. PVP Certificate #202000010, 2021.

Serge—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Mid-season processing pea. Blooms at 14th node, matures in 68 days. Average sieve size is 3.6. Plants are 68.58 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, PEMV, powdery mildew; tolerant to Fusarium root rot.

Shiraz—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 16th node, 1570 HU to harvest with average sieve size Dimpled. Plants are 74 cm tall with normal leaves. 1-2 Flat pods/node. HSW = 34.9. Resistance: powdery mildew, tolerant to downy mildew.

Sienna (BSC373)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Samish x Tonic. Characteristics: A Second Early variety with normal leafed vine. It has double and triple pods. Well suited for organic, conventional and fresh market growers. Plants are 43 cm tall. Pods are borne in doubles and are straight with blunt ends. There are 5 seeds/pod and HSW = 22 g. Blooms at node 11. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, Moderately resistant to downy mildew. Susceptible to Powdery mildew, Common Mosaic Virus, PEMV and PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201100045, 2012.

SL3123—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: A stringless sugar snap pea. First bloom is at 15th node with 70 Days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Snak Hero—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: A snap pea for fresh or processing markets. First bloom at 14th node, matures in 65 days. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Snow Max—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Vegetable Seeds. Characteristics: A semi-leafless snow pea. First bloom is at 16th node with 70 days to maturity. Resistance: Fw Race 1, downy mildew. Intermediate resistance to powdery mildew.

Spartan (BSC 359)—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Parentage: Genie x Samish. Characteristics: A Second Early, semi-leafless variety. Plants are 53 cm tall. Pods are borne in 1’s, 2’s, and 3’s. Pods are straight with blunt ends and contain 5 seeds. HSW = 19 g. Blooms at 13th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew, and Turnip Yellows virus. Susceptible to Fw Race 2, Common Mosaic Virus, PEMV, PSbMV and moderately susceptible to downy mildew. PVP Certificate #201100044, 2012.

SS 141—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Sugar Snap fresh market pea. Blooms at 15th node, matures in 58-60 days. Plants are 88.9 cm tall with normal foliage, and 1-2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

SS24 (98055 24)—Breeder and vendor: General Mills, Inc. Parentage: SL 704 x 97289 F1. Characteristics: A mid-season, normal leaf snap pea. Plants are 45 cm tall. Pods have thick walls, are straight, have blunt ends are borne as singles or doubles and have 6 round seeds. HSW = 22 g. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: Tolerant to Aphanomyces root rot, Fusarium root rot, Pythium and PEMV. Susceptible to RCVMV. PVP Certificate #201400358, 2015.

Strike—Breeder: Dick Lowe, Pureline Seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: Garden pea. 55 days to maturity, plant height 61 cm. HSW = 18.5 g. dark blue green foliage (cov). Resistance: Fw Race 1, Pythium ultimum. PVP 200100095.

Sunpod—Breeder and vendor: Dr Nancy A. Elliott. Parentage: Maestro/Goldensweet//Goldensweet/Sugar Snap//Tall Telephone//Marx 086//Oregon Sugar Pod II. Characteristics: A long internode edible pod snow pea with bright yellow pods and unpigmented flowers. Plants are 106 cm tall. Pods are slightly curved and have pointed ends that are borne in 2’s. Pods are 7 cm long and 18mm wide. Blooms at node 12. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and PEMV. Resistance: Fw Race 2 and BLRV. PVP Certificate #201200295, 2014.

SV0371QF—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 50 cm tall, blooms at 15th node and matures in 1480 HU. Average sieve size is 3.15, HSW = 16.2 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Resistance: BYMV, PEMV, PM, Fw Race1.

SV0893QF (EX-08260893)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: R98 2164 x Durango. Characteristics: A mid-season large sieve, dark green pea with normal leaflets. Plant height is 61 cm. Pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 2’s and 3’s. There are 8 seeds/pod. HSW = 17 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, BYMV, powdery mildew, downy mildew. Susceptible to Fw Race 2, Ascochyta blight, and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201400247, 2015.

SV0935QF (EX 08570935)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: EX 08540794 x Reliance. Characteristics: A very early season, large sieve, dark green processing pea carrying r and rb alleles that results in slow conversion of sugar to starch. It is determinate (det) and has a terminal flower node at the second reproductive node. It is semi-leafless. Plants are 47 cm tall. Pods are straight with pointed ends and are borne in singles or doubles. There are 8 seeds/pod. HSW = 20 g. Blooms at 6th node and has 7 total nodes. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, downy mildew, powdery mildew, PEMV and BYMV. PVP Certificate #201300466, 2014.

SV0962QB—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is cm tall, blooms at 17-19th node and matures in 1550 HU. Average sieve size is 2, HSW = 10.1 g. Plants have normal foliage. Variety is dark green. Resistance: BYMV, powdery mildew, Fw Race 1; intermediate resistance to downy mildew.

SV0969QH (DLSC7080969)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: 2513ASKRSPk86nasbc1 x MN314. Characteristics: An early season, small sieve, normal leaf pea. Plants are 44 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and are borne in 2’s and 3’s. Pods have 8 seeds. HSW = 14g. Blooms at 11th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, Fw Race 2, downy mildew Race 0, and powdery mildew. PVP Certificate #201400248, 2015.

SV1036QF (DLFC7V1036)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: LZR2079SMSH x 085 0 0599. Characteristics: A mid-late, large sieve, dark green, normal-leaf pea. Plants are 62 cm tall. Pods are born in singles and doubles and are straight with blunt ends. There are 9 seeds per pod. HSW = 24 g. Blooms at 12th node. Resistance: Fw Race 2, powdery mildew, PEMV. Susceptible to Fw Race 1. PVP Certificate #201400420, 2015.

SV1058QH (DLSC7091058)—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Parentage: (TrStx3513C268 x F295XR93398) x Reliance. Characteristics: An early season pea carrying r and rb alleles. The determinate plants are 58 cm tall and have normal leaflets. Pods are straight with pointed ends and are born in 1’s, 2’s, and 3’s. Pods contain 8 seeds. HSW = 20 g. Blooms at node 10. Resistance: downy mildew, Powdery mildew, Fw Race 2, and PEMV. PVP Certificate #201400077, 2015.

SV6844QG—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that matures in 1600 HU. Average sieve size is 3.6, HSW = 18.1 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Variety has r and rb alleles and a fasciated stem. Resistance: BYMV, PEMV, powdery mildew, Fw Races 1 and 2; intermediate resistance to downy mildew.

SV7688QF—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bayer). Characteristics: A processing pea that is 45 cm tall, blooms at 15th node and matures in 1520 HU. Average sieve size is 3.2, HSW = 16.8 g. Plants have semi-leafless foliage. Variety has r and rb alleles and determinant concentrated pod set. Resistance: BYMV, PEMV, powdery mildew, Fw Races 1,2.

Sweet Gem (S1430)—Breeder: J.R. Myers & J.R. Baggett. Vendor: High Mowing, Siskiyou Seeds. Parentage: Manoa Sugar C/S706. Characteristics: Sweet smooth stringy pods 84 x 17.5 mm. Dimpled seeds. Plant height 115-130cm, mid-season maturity, blooms beginning at 10-11th node. Resistance: powdery mildew, Fw (race 1), PEMV, RCVMV. Similar: Sugar Snap. Adaptation: Pacific Northwest U.S. 2020.

Sweet Horizon—Vendor: Territorial Seeds. Characteristics: Snow pea. 60-70 days to maturity, plant height 73.66cm. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

Sweet Sahara (HS 648)—Breeder and vendor: Holland-Select Research B.V. Characteristics: Snow Pea. Parentage: Sweet Horizon x (Reuzensuiker x Delikett). Stringless, snow pea for fresh market. Plants are 90 cm tall, have normal leaflets and straight, blunt ended pods with thin walls and 7 seeds. HSW = 25 g. Blooms at 15th node. Resistance: High tolerance to powdery mildew. Moderately susceptible to Fw Race 1. PVP Certificate #201700058, 2019.

Tamarac (CMG 401AF)—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seed, Inc. Parentage: Encore x Snake. Characteristics: A semi-leafless, mid-late, large sieve processing pea with multiple pods (mostly 2’s and 3’s). The plants are 99.4 cm tall. The pods are straight with blunt ends and have 8 seeds. HSW = 22 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2. powdery mildew. Susceptible to PEMV and PSbMV. PVP Certificate #201200101, 2013.

Tendersweet—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Sugar Snap fresh market pea. Blooms at 14th node, matures in 68 days. Average sieve size is . Plants are 50.8 cm tall with normal foliage, and 1-2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, powdery mildew.

Tomahawk (CS-430AF)—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seed, Inc. Parentage: (Span x Antigo) x Marais x Cabree. Characteristics: An early season, semi-leafless cultivar 49 cm in height. Pods straight with blunt ends, borne in singles and doubles and contain 8 seeds. HSW = 20 g. Blooms at 9th node. Resistance: Fw Race 1. Susceptible to powdery mildew and Fw Race 2. PVP Certificate #201500043, 2017.

Tonic—Breeder and vendor: W. Brotherton Seed Co., Inc. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 10-11th node, 1300 HU to harvest with average sieve size 4.2. Plants are 66 cm tall with normal leaves. 2-3 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 20.65. Resistance: Fw Races 1 and 2, powdery mildew. PVP Certificate #9900081.

Topps—Breeder and vendor: Pureline Seeds. Characteristics: Second Early processing pea. Blooms at 10-11th node, matures in 60 days. Average sieve size is 3.5. Plants are 57.15 cm tall with normal foliage, and 2 pods/node. Resistance: Fw Race 1, PEMV; tolerant to Fusarium Root Rot.

TRINITY (CS-435AF)—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seed, Inc. Parentage: Moose x Survivor. Characteristics: A full season pea with dark blueish-green foliage (cov). Plants are 66 cm tall and semi-leafless (afila). Pods are borne in 3’s and 4’s, are straight with blunt ends and have 9 seeds. HSW = 16 g. Blooms at node 15. Resistance: Fw Race 1, Fw Race 2, Powdery mildew. Susceptible to PEMV. PVP Certificate #201500118, 2018.

Tyne—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seeds. Characteristics: A First Early, processing pea. First bloom at node 15-16, 69 days to harvest with average sieve size 3.4. Plants are 66.04 cm tall with semi-leafless foliage. HSW = 15.4 g. Resistance: Fw Race 1; tolerant to powdery mildew.

Waverex—Breeder and vendor: Brotherton Seed Company. Characteristics: A processing pea that blooms at 15th node, 1520 HU to harvest with average sieve size 2.1. Plants are 71 cm tall with normal leaves. 2 Blunt pods/node. HSW = 11.1. Resistance: Fw Race 2.

Welland (CMG-419AF)—Breeder and vendor: Crites Seed, Inc. Parentage: OSU B547-29 x Sancho. Characteristics: A semi-leafless, small sieve processing pea. Plants are 76 cm tall. Pods are straight with blunt ends and contain 8 seeds. They are borne in 2’s and 3’s. HSW = 13 g. Blooms at 16th node. Resistance: powdery mildew, PEMV, Fw Races 1 and 2. Moderate field tolerance to downy mildew. PVP Certificate #201300143, 2013.

POTATO

David Douches

Dept. of Plant Soil and Microbial Sciences Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824

AAC Alta Cloud (CV98112-3)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada-Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: AC91014-2 x Canela Russet. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: oblong to long tubers with attractive appearance, russet skin, white flesh, good French fry and fresh market quality. Resistance: Verticillium wilt.

AAC Alta Crisp (CV02321-1)–Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada-Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: NY115W x BC0894-2W. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: round tubers with smooth white skin, cream flesh, excellent chip color, cold storage potential. Resistance: golden cyst nematode.

AAC Alta Rose (CV00088-3)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada-Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: Colorado Rose x Dakota Rose. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: Round to oval tubers, dark red skin, cream flesh. Resistance: moderately resistant to scab.

AAC Alta Strong (V1270-1)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada-Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu). Parentage: Glacier Fryer x Century Russet. Characteristics: oblong to long tubers, smooth white skin, white flesh, high yield, medium specific gravity, moderate French Fry quality. Resistance: Verticillium wilt.

AAC Blue Sapphire (F10097)–Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada-Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and AAFC—Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: PA99P20-2 x F02041. Characteristics: Oval to long tubers, dark blue skin, purple flesh, good boil and bake quality, moderate French fry scores. Resistance: moderately resistant to scab.

AAC Blue Steele (F05078)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Frerdericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: F91031 x Congo. Characteristics: long tubers, dark purple skin and purple flesh, good culinary quality.

AAC Boreal (CV99073-1)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: AC91848-1 x Colorado Rose. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU Characteristics: round to oval tubers, smooth dark red skin, cream flesh.

AAC Brookville (CV01238-3)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: AO92128-4.1x Silverton Russet. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: midseason maturity, oblong tubers, buff skin, cream flesh, good French fry quality.

AAC Canada Gold-Doree (F10082)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and AAFC-Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: N0634-07 x AC Chaleur. Characteristics: round tubers with uniform size, light yellow flesh, high yield, moderately short dormancy. Resistance: resistant to PVY, moderately resistant to scab and late blight.

AAC Cinderella (F06053)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: Congo x PA99P20-2. Characteristics: long, cylindrical tubers, red skin, bright red flesh.

AAC Confederation (F07060)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (B. Bizimungu) and AAFC-Fredericton (R. Tarn). Parentage: F87084 x Rochdale Gold-Dorée. Characteristics: round tubers, yellow skin, yellow flesh. Resistance: PVY, PVX and golden cyst nematode.

AAC Eastern Russet (F12022)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (B. Bizimungu). Parentage: Innovator x Tenace. Characteristics: oblong tubers, russet skin, light yellow flesh, high yield, good boil and bake quality. Resistance: resistant to scab, moderately resistant to late blight.

AAC Fortune (F05064)– Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: AC Red Island x Chieftain. Characteristics: small round to oval tubers, red skin, yellow flesh.

AAC Fushia (F05061)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: N1700-8 x Chieftain. Characteristics: uniform round tubers, red skin, cream flesh. Resistance: PVX.

AAC Glossy (F05060)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: Rochdale Gold-Dorée x N1682-28. Characteristics: early maturity, round to oval tubers, light yellow skin, yellow flesh.

AAC Halina (F03032)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: N0634-07 x Rochdale Gold-Dorée. Characteristics: round tubers, yellow skin and yellow flesh, late maturity. Resistance: PVX.

AAC Hamer (CV96044-3)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: AC87340-2 x ND2008-2. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: round tubers, white skin, cream flesh; good chipping quality, cold storage potential.

AAC Intrepid Russet (F08028)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (B. Bizimungu and R. Tarn). Parentage: Frontier Russet x F87070. Characteristics: Oblong tubers, brown russet skin, cream flesh. Resistance: scab, wart and golden cyst nematode.

AAC Island Ruby (F07049)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: F92060 x Redsen. Characteristics: small uniform red tubers, light yellow flesh, short dormancy. Resistance: PVX.

AAC Madam Blue (F99058)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–St. John’s (K.G. Proudfoot). Parentage: N1618A x N1653-7. Characteristics: round to oval tubers, skin smooth, purple skin, cream flesh. Resistance: golden cyst nematode.

AAC Mimosa (F07020)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (B. Bizimungu and R. Tarn). Parentage: F95024 x Andover. Characteristics: round to oval tubers, smooth with light yellow skin, light yellow flesh. Resistance: PVX and golden cyst nematode.

AAC Odyssey (F10090)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (B. Bizimungu and A. Murphy). Parentage: Huckleberry x F02041. Characteristics: round to oval tubers with uniform size, red skin, pink flesh, moderate to high yield, good boil and bake quality. Resistance: resistant to PVX, moderately resistant to foliar late blight.

AAC Poppy (F05056)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: Glenwood Red x F92028. Characteristics: small, uniform oval red-skinned tubers. Resistance: wart.

AAC Red Viola (CV99256-2)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: Rio Colorado x Colorado Rose. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: small to medium size round tubers, smooth dark red skin, white flesh. Resistance: scab.

AAC Santa Margarita (CV07366-2)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: US147-96 x CO00277-2R. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: round to oval tubers, smooth dark red skin, yellow flesh.

AAC Shirley (CV05239-1)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: CO00279-2R/Y x ATC98509-1R/Y. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: round tubers, smooth dark red skin, yellow flesh, high yield, good boil and bake quality. Resistance: scab.

AAC Splendor Russet (CV01236-3)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: AO92128-4.2 x CO95007-1. Characteristics: oblong to long, russet skin, attractive appearance, white flesh, good French fry and Fresh market quality. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU (USA).

AAC Stout (CV99222-2)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada -Lethbridge (B. Bizimungu) and Colorado State University (D. Holm). Parentage: CO94044-2 X Atlantic. Selected in Alberta (Canada), from a cross made by CSU. Characteristics: oblong to long tubers, buff skin, white flesh, tuber uniformity, stable specific gravity, good French fry and Fresh market quality.

AAC Valley Crisp (F08011)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (B. Bizimungu and R. Tarn). Parentage: F00084 x CS7232-4. Characteristics: oval tubers, smooth white skin, short dormancy, good chip color out of long-term storage. Resistance: scab.

AAC Weschip (F05020)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada–Fredericton (A. Murphy). Parentage: F91031 x ND0860-2. Characteristics: round tubers, good cold temperature chip quality. Resistance: golden cyst nematode.

Alpine Russet (A9305-10)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A8343-12 x A85103-3: Characteristics. A high yielding, medium to late maturing cultivar with oblong tubers, light russet skin, long tuber dormancy, and good processing quality following long-term storage. Resistance: Moderately resistant to common scab and Verticillium wilt. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 88: 256-268 (2011). 2008.

Alturas (A82360-7)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A77182-1 x A75188-3. Characteristics: A high yielding processing variety for French fries with light skin russeting. It is notable for having high solids, and resistance to cold-induced sweetening. Resistance: Verticillium wilt and early blight and moderately resistant to tuber net necrosis. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 80: 295 (2003). 2002.

AmaRosa (POR01PG22-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: PA97B23 x bulked pollen of red-fleshed parents. Characteristics: A mid-season long red fleshed fingerling for the fresh market with very high culinary quality and phytonutrient value; suitable for chipping as well. Resistance: common scab. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 89: 249–254 (2012). 2011.

Beacon Chipper—Breeder: Michigan State University and the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station, Michigan Potato Industry Commission, Maine Potato Seed Board, Maine Potato Board. Parentage: Unknown. Characteristics: Beacon Chipper is a high yielding, round white potato with early to mid-season bulking and some tolerance to Streptomyces scabies (common scab). Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 83: 241-247 (2006). 2006.

Blackberry (MSZ109-10PP)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: COMN07-W112BG1 x MSU200-5PP. Characteristics: Blackberry is a tablestock variety with unique purple skin and a deep purple flesh. The tubers have an attractive, uniform, round shape and a purple flesh with common scab resistance and low incidence of internal defects. Yield can be high under irrigated conditions. Blackberry will also chip-process out of the field. 2020.

Blazer Russet (A8893-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A7816-14 x Norking Russet. Characteristics: An early-maturing, dual-purpose variety with high marketable yield that has found a niche within the processing industry as a replacement for Shepody. Its attractive appearance and excellent culinary qualities also make it a good candidate for fresh pack. Resistance: common scab, powdery scab, and PVX and is moderately resistant to tuber late blight. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 84: 447-457 (2007). 2005.

Boulder (MSF373-8)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: MS702-80 x NY88. Characteristics: Boulder is a round, white selection with medium specific gravity for both the tablestock and chip-processing markets. The tubers will chip process out-of-the-field and from 10 C storage. The tubers of Boulder are large in size with a low incidence of internal defects and moderate resistance to common scab (Streptomyces scabies). Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 80:345-352 (2003). 2003.

Caribou Russet (AF3362-1)—Breeder: University of Maine (Porter, et al.). Parentage: Reeves Kingpin x Silverton Russet. Characteristics: high yield of long, light to moderately russetted tubers; medium maturity, good for tablestock and fry processing, medium tuber solids. Resistance: moderate common scab, verticillium, and soft rot resistance. Hollow heart and bruise tolerance. Adaptation: northern fall crop US states into Canada, not adapted to production areas where internal heat necrosis is common. Plant Variety Protection. 2015.

Castle Russet (POR06V12-3)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: PA00V6-3 x PA01N22-2. Characteristics: A long, medium to late russet suitable for the fresh and processing markets with an exceptional disease resistance and high ratings for culinary qualities. Resistance: tobacco rattle virus, PVY (all strains), potato mop top virus, with moderate resistance to Verticillium wilt, early blight, common scab, tuber net necrosis, and tuber dry rot. 2018.

Cheshire (POR04PG11-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: POR00PG9-3 x POR01PG4-2. A bright red skinned potato with yellow eyebrows and dark yellow flesh tubers. Suitable for baby market. 2016.

Classic Russet (A95109-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Blazer Russet x Summit Russet. Characteristics: An early maturing, russeted clone that produces a high percentage of U.S. No. 1 tubers. Its attractive tubers make it very suitable for use by the fresh-pack industry and could also be used as an early processor. Resistance: moderately resistant to common scab and dry rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 87: 360–373 (2010). 2009.

Clearwater Russet (AOA95154-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Bannock Russet x A89152-4. Characteristics: A medium-late maturing, russet variety notable for its resistance to cold-induced sweetening with excellent processing from up to 250 days storage at 7.2 C. Attractive tubers having high protein content make this variety suitable for both processing and fresh market usage. Resistance: PVX and tuber late blight with moderate resistant to Verticillium wilt, common scab, and PVYo. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 87: 458–471 (2010). 2008.

Colonial Purple (MSN215-2P)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Michigan Purple X Red Norland. Characteristics: Colonial Purple is a tablestock variety with a unique purple skin color and resistance to common scab (Streptomyces scabies) of potato. The tubers have an attractive shape and a white flesh with low incidence of internal defects. 2011.

Crimson Red (COO86107-1R)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Gemchip x WNC672-2. Characteristics: A variety with bright-red skin and white flesh, few internal or external defects, and good culinary merit and is suitable for fresh market use. Resistance: Susceptible to most potato pests. 2009.

Defender (A90586-11)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: KSA195-90 x Ranger Russet. Characteristics: A high yielding, lightly russeted, suitable for processing into French fries and other frozen potato products directly from the field or from short term storage; high tuber ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and a good assemblage of resistances making it suitable for organic production. Resistance: late blight (foliage and tuber), early blight (tuber), PVX, and tuber net necrosis; moderately resistant to Verticillium wilt, pink rot, foliar early blight, corky ringspot, and soft rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 83: 9–19 (2006). 2004.

Deliciae (POR11PG28-2)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Alaska 8-3 x OR04198-1. Early maturing fingerling potato with yellow skin and golden yellow flesh. Sets high number of fingerling tubers ideal for baking, roasting or boiling. Has exceptional culinary quality. Resistance: Susceptible to most potato pests. 2019.

Easton (AF3001-6)—Breeder: University of Maine (Porter, et al.). Parentage: Silverton Russet x AF1668-60. Characteristics: high yield of long, netted to lightly russetted tubers; late maturity, good for tablestock and fry processing, medium tuber solids. Resistance: verticillium wilt. Adaptation: northern fall crop US states into Canada, not adapted to production areas where common scab is a serious problem. Plant Variety Protection. 2013.

Echo Russet (AO96141-3)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A89222-3 x COA90064-6. Characteristics: A high yielding, long, medium to late russet with cold sweetening resistance and excellent processing qualities. Resistance: Fusarium dry rot, tuber soft rot, and common scab and moderate resistance to Verticillium wilt, early blight, PVYo potato mop-top virus, and corky ringspot. 2018.

Elkton—Breeder: USDA, University of Florida, Penn. State University (K.G. Haynes et al.). Parentage: B1255-5 x B0564-9. Characteristics: not in production; tan, netted, round-oval tubers, medium-late maturity, good for fresh chip market. Resistance: internal heat necrosis, verticillium wilt, early blight. Adaptation: mid-Atlantic and southern US. Reference: American Potato Journal 91(3): 269-276 (2014). 2013.

Harley Blackwell—Breeder: USDA, North Carolina St., Virginia Tech. (K.G. Haynes et al.). Parentage: B0155-24 x B9935-8. Characteristics: white, lightly netted, round tubers, medium maturity, good for fresh chip market. Resistance: internal heat necrosis and golden nematode. Adaptation: mid-Atlantic and southern US. Refere3nce: USDA/ARS Official Release Notice. 2003.

Peter Wilcox—Breeder: USDA; North Carolina St., Rutgers (K.G. Haynes et al.). Parentage: B0810-1 x B0918-5. Characteristics: dark purple skin, yellow flesh, oblong and smaller tubers, medium-early maturity, long dormancy, good as a specialty tablestock. Resistance: powdery scab. Reference: USDA/ARS Official Release Notice. 2007.

Galena Russet (A03141-6)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A98083-9 x Premier Russet: Characteristics: A russet variety with high early and full-season marketable yields with resistance to cold-induced sweetening and low asparagine contributing to low acrylamide following processing. This variety also has higher protein content and a long tuber dormancy. Resistance: Moderate resistance to common scab, tuber net necrosis, and PLRV. Reference: Am. J. Potato Res. 98: 51–63 (2021). 2020.

Gallatin Russet (A88338-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A83257-2 x Norking Russet. Characteristics: Dual-purpose Russeted potato variety with high marketable yields and larger tuber size with long tuber dormancy. Resistance: common scab, verticillium wilt and moderately resistant to dry rot, soft rot, and tuber net necrosis. 2007.

GemStar Russet (A9014-2)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Gem Russet x A8341-5. Characteristics: A dual purpose variety suitable for processing and fresh-pack usage. It has high U.S. No. 1 yields with very attractive tubers having few external defects and higher concentrations of Vitamin C and protein than other potato cultivars. Resistance: PVX, common and powdery scab. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 83: 171–180 (2006). 2004.

Hamlin Russet (AF4124-7)—Breeder: University of Maine (Porter, et al.). Parentage: A8469-5 x SC9512-4. Characteristics: high yield of long, light to moderately russetted tubers; medium-early maturity, good for tablestock and fry processing, medium tuber solids. Resistance: moderate common scab. Adaptation: northern fall crop US states into Canada. Plant Variety Protection. 2020.

Highland Russet (A9045-7)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Ranger Russet x Russet Legend. Characteristics: A mid to late season variety notable for its high yield of uniform, oblong-long, lightly russeted tubers. Used primarily as a processing variety. Resistance: Moderately resistant to Verticillium wilt, powdery scab root galling, tuber late blight, and PVYo. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 86: 171 (2009). 2006.

Huckleberry Gold (A99326-1PY)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Agria x COA94019-5R. Characteristics: A specialty market potato variety with purple-skin, yellow-Flesh, and high tuber antioxidants. Resistance: Golden Potato Cyst Nematode (H1) and Potato virus X (Nb and Rx1), and moderate resistance to common scab and dry rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 91: 447–458 (2014). 2011.

Huron Chipper (MSW485-2)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: MSQ070-1 x MSR156-7. Characteristics: Huron Chipper is a chip-processing potato with resistance to and late blight (Phytophthora infestans), and stronger tolerance to common scab (Streptomyces scabies) than Atlantic. This variety has high yield and good specific gravity, with attractive, uniformly round tubers, and has demonstrated excellent long-term storage chip-processing quality. 2017.

Jacqueline Lee (MSG274-3)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Tollocan x Chaleur. Characteristics: Jacqueline Lee has a bright golden skin, yellow flesh, oval shape, foliar resistance to late blight (Phytophthora infestans), and tubers with long dormancy. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 78: 413-419 (2001). 2001.

Kalkaska (MSJ036-A)—Breeder: Douches, et al., Michigan State University. Parentage: B1254-1 x S440. Characteristics: Kalkaska is a high yielding, round white potato with a vigorous vine and a late maturity. This variety has resistance to Streptomyces scabies (common scab) similar to Pike. Kalkaska also has a higher marketable yield than Pike and does not express heat necrosis in the tubers. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 86:347-355 (2009). 2009.

La Belle Russet (A06021-1T)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A99031-1TE x A96013-2. Characteristics: An early maturing, dual-purpose variety having a high percentage of marketable yield, long tuber dormancy, and a reduced incidence of sugar ends. Resistance: moderately resistant to dry rot (F. solani var. coeruleum) and common scab. 2019.

Lady Liberty (NY152)–Breeder: De Jong, et al., Cornell University. Parentage: B38-14 x Marcy. Characteristics: Lady Liberty is a chip-processing potato with resistance to the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) and common scab (Streptomyces scabies). High yield of round, uniform, mid-sized tubers. 2018.

Lamoka (NY139)—Breeder: De Jong, et al., Cornell University. Parentage: NY120 x NY115. Characteristics: Lamoka is a widely grown chip-processing potato with resistance to the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) and excellent chip-processing quality out of cold storage. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 94:148–152 (2017). 2011.

Lehigh (NY126)—Breeder: Cornell University (De Jong, et al.). Parentage: Keuka Gold x Pike. Characteristics: Lehigh is a high-yielding yellow flesh potato with resistance to the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) and common scab (Streptomyces scabies). 2007.

Liberator (MSA091-1)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: MS702-80 x Norchip. Characteristics: Liberator is a round white chip-processing selection with medium-high specific gravity and resistance to scab (Streptomyces scabies). The tubers will chip process out of the field and from 10 C storage. Post-harvest tuber tests indicate a tolerance to fusarium dry rot. Under irrigated conditions the yield and specific gravity are similar to Snowden and Atlantic. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 78:425-431 (2001). 2001.

Mackinaw (MSX540-4)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Saginaw Chipper x Lamoka. Characteristics: Mackinaw is a chip- processing potato with resistance to potato virus Y (PVY), late blight (Phytophthora infestans), and tolerance to common scab (Streptomyces scabies). This variety has average yield with a high specific gravity, and a high percentage of A-size tubers with an attractive, uniform shape. Mackinaw has a strong vine and a mid- to late-season maturity and has demonstrated excellent long-term storage chip-processing quality. 2018.

Manistee (MSL292-A)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Snowden x MSH098-2. Characteristics: Manistee is a chip-processing potato with an attractive round appearance with shallow eyes. Manistee has a full- sized vine and an early to mid-season maturity. Manistee has above average yield potential and specific gravity similar to Snowden. This variety has excellent chip-processing long-term storage characteristics. 2013.

Michigan Purple—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: W870 x Maris Piper. Michigan Purple is a purple-skinned tablestock variety. The tubers have an attractive round-ovoid shape and a strong iridescent purple skin. It has a medium set of bright, purple-skinned tubers similar in shape to Norland. The tuber flesh is white; it has few internal defects and does not darken after cooking. Under irrigated conditions the yield is high and specific gravity intermediate. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 78:421-424 (2001). 2001.

Missaukee (MSJ461-1)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Tollocan x NY88. Characteristics: Missaukee is a round white chip processing potato variety which has foliar resistance to potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans). This variety has an attractive round shape and mildly netted, bright skin. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 87:10-18 (2010). 2010.

Modoc (NDO4300-1R)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: ND1196-2R x ND2225-1R. Characteristics: An early maturing, round to oval, red skinned clone suitable for fresh market use. Tubers are a uniform bright skin color that does not fade in storage and has shallow eye depth. Resistance: No notable disease or pest resistance. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 80: 235–240 (2003). 2003.

Mondak Gold—Breeder: University of Minnesota, NDSU Williston REC, Williston Area Ag. Diversification Group, Spud Viking Consulting, Northern Plains Potato Growers Association (Thill et al.). Parentage: MN 1006.81-4 x MN 5.80-12. Characteristics: smooth red to pink skin, light yellow flesh, oblong shape, excellent cooking quality, good for French fry processing and table stock use such as baking, mashing, roasting, and microwaving. Resistance: PVY, PLRV, moderate tolerance to CPB and Verticillium wilt. Adaption: Upper Mid-west primarily Minnesota and North Dakota.

Mountain Gem Russet (A03158-2TE)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A98292-2 x A98104-4. Characteristics: A medium to late maturing variety with both high early and full season total and U.S. No. 1 yields. Coupled with excellent culinary and nutritional qualities, this makes it an excellent candidate for production for fresh market and as an early processor. Resistance: common scab, tuber late blight and moderately resistant to soft rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 93: 158–171 (2016). 2015.

Owyhee Russet (AO96160-3)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A89384-10 x A89512-3. Characteristics: A mid-season maturing, dual-purpose russet variety having a high percentage of marketable yield with attractive tubers. The variety is resistant to cold-sweetening and has excellent processing qualities. Resistance: moderately resistant to common scab and Fusarium dry rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 89: 175–183 (2012). 2009.

Palisade Russet (A97066-42LB)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: AWN86514-2 x A86102-6. Characteristics: A late blight resistant russet potato cultivar having a low incidence of sugar ends with high specific gravity. Produces oblong tubers with lightly russet skin and white flesh. A good candidate for organic production with its assemblage of disease resistance. Resistance: late blight (foliage and tuber), Verticillium wilt, black dot, pink rot, and moderately resistant to tuber net necrosis, PVY, and early blight (foliage and tuber). Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 89: 89–101 (2012). 2011.

Payette Russet (A02057-2LB)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: EGAO9702–2 x GemStar Russet. Characteristics: Russet variety with excellent processing and disease resistance qualities; it is resistant to cold-induced sweetening and has low asparagine with subsequent low acrylamide following processing. Resistance: late blight (foliar and tuber) and extreme resistance to PVY conferred by Rysto; also, moderate levels of resistance to Verticillium wilt, early blight, and corky ringspot. Refere3nce: American Journal of Potato Research 94: 38–53 (2017). 2015.

Petoskey (MSV030-4)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Beacon Chipper x MSG227-2. Characteristics: Petoskey is a chip-processing potato with resistance to common scab (Streptomyces scabies). This variety has high specific gravity and yield potential, with attractive, uniformly round tubers. Petoskey has a medium vine and a mid- season maturity and has demonstrated excellent long-term storage chip- processing quality. 2020.

Pinto Gold (AF4659-12)—Breeder: University of Maine selection from USDA-ARS, Aberdeen, ID plant material (Porter, et al.). Parentage: A99331-2 x US147-96RY. Characteristics: yellow-flesh, small tubers, high yield of oblong, smooth-skinned tubers with variable-patterned yellow and red skin; late maturity, good for gourmet fresh market, low to moderate tuber solids with a smooth, creamy texture. Resistance: moderate PVY tolerance. Adaptation: northern fall crop US states into Canada, not adapted to hot climates. 2018.

Pioneer Russet (A84180-8)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A7816-4 x Russet Norkotah. Characteristics: Fresh-pack russet variety with high marketable yields and notable for having high vitamin C content. Resistance: common scab and moderately resistant to Verticillium wilt. 2015.

Pomerelle Russet (A02062-1TE)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A97201-4 x A97299-1: Characteristics: An early maturing russet, with a medium heavy russet and uniform tubers suitable for fresh pack and early to mid-processing; notable for having high vitamin C and protein content in tubers. Resistance: Potato mop-top virus (tolerance to symptoms) and moderately resistant to common scab, tuber late blight, corky ringspot and soft rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 95: 110–122 (2018). 2015.

Premier Russet (A93157-6LS)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A87149-4 x A88108-7. Characteristics: High yielding, dual-purpose russet variety notable for having excellent cold-sweetening resistance. Resistance: PVYo and common and powdery scab. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 85: 198 (2008). 2006.

Purple Iris (POR11PG6-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: POR04PG43-1 x COOR07052-6. Medium to late maturing potato with purple skin and purple flesh color. Sets high number of small round tubers and have the potential to market as baby potatoes. Resistance: Moderately resistant to Verticillium wilt. 2019.

Purple Pelisse (POR01PG16-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: NDOP5847-1 x bulked pollen of red-fleshed parents. Characteristics: A mid-season fingerling variety with purple skin and dark purple flesh; high in antioxidants with few tuber defects and can also be used for chipping. Resistance: Moderately resistant to common scab and PVY. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 89: 306–314 (2012). 2009.

Rainier Russet (AO06191-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A99134-1 x Canela Russet. Characteristics: A medium maturing russet potato with superior taste and high fresh pack out, an average tuber size of 10 oz. and long tuber dormancy. Resistance: Fusarium dry rot and common scab with moderate resistance to Verticillium wilt and foliar early blight. 2021.

Raspberry (MSR226-1RR)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: POORPG1-4 x Durango Red. Characteristics: Raspberry is a tablestock variety with unique red skin and red flesh. The tubers have an attractive oval shape and a red flesh with low incidence of internal defects. Yield is average under irrigated conditions. Raspberry will also chip-process out of the field and short-term storage. 2011.

Red Maria (NY129)—Breeder: Cornell University (De Jong, et al.). Parentage: N38-1 x ND2225-1R. Characteristics: Red Maria is a high-yielding, late-maturing red-skinned potato with resistance to the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) and common scab (Streptomyces scabies). 2010.

Red Sunset (AO93487-2R)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: NDO3503-5R x NDO2686-6R. Characteristics: An early to medium maturing red skinned white flesh potato variety with excellent fresh market quality and high vitamin C and iron content. Resistance: common scab and moderately resistant to tuber net necrosis. 2009.

Ruby Rose (MSQ558-2RR)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Rose Gold x POORPG2-16. Characteristics: Ruby Rose is a tablestock variety with unique red skin and red flesh. The tubers have an attractive oval shape and a red flesh with low incidence of internal defects. Yield is average under irrigated conditions. MSQ558-2RR will also chip-process out of the field and short-term storage. 2020.

Saginaw Chipper (MSR061-1)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Pike x NY121. Characteristics: Saginaw Chipper is a chip- processing potato with resistance to potato virus Y (PVY), common scab (Streptomyces scabies) and foliar late blight (Phytophthora infestans). Saginaw Chipper is the first US potato variety that combines these three resistances. This variety has medium yield similar to Pike and an attractive, uniform, round appearance with excellent chip-processing quality out of storage. 2016.

Sebec (AF0338-17)—Breeder: University of Maine (Porter, et al.). Parentage: AF303-5 x SA8211-6. Characteristics: high yield of round to slightly oblong, netted-skinned tubers; medium maturity, good for out-of-field chipping and fresh market, medium tuber solids. Resistance: verticillium wilt. Adaptation: widely adapted, very little internal heat necrosis is observed in areas where this defect causes problems in the Atlantic variety. Plant Variety Protection. 2013.

Smilin’ Eyes (POR02PG26-5)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: PA99P11-2 x Pig420. Characteristics: An early specialty potato with small to medium-sized tubers with yellow skin and red eyes/eyebrows with yellow flesh; higher culinary ratings and tuber antioxidants than Yukon Gold. Resistance: PVY with moderate resistance to Verticillium wilt and common scab. 2016.

Spartan Splash (MSQ425-4Y)—Breeder: Michigan State University (Douches, et al.). Parentage: Michigan Purple x MSK247-9Y. Characteristics: Spartan Splash is a yellow tablestock variety with unique splashes of purple color around the eyes. The tubers have a uniform, round shape and a yellow flesh with low incidence of internal defects. 2011.

Summit Russet (A84118-3)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A77236-6 x TND329-1Russ. A medium to late maturing russet, dual-purpose potato variety with long tuber dormancy. Resistance: Common scab, early blight tuber rot and verticillium wilt. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 82: 425–432 (2005). 2003.

Targhee Russet (A01010-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A92303-7 x A96004-8. Characteristics: An medium maturing variety with high yields of attractive, long tubers with medium-russeted skin. Has significantly higher protein and vitamin C contents than those of most standard varieties. Resistance: tuber soft rot. Reference: Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 93: 189–201 (2016). 2015.

TerraRossa (POR01PG20-12)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: PA97B23–2 x PA97B35–2. A mid-season specialty potato with smaller to medium-sized, oblong-long tubers with red skin and red flesh and high in antioxidants; it also can be used to produce red potato chips. Resistance: golden potato cyst nematode and moderately resistant/tolerant to common scab and tuber late blight. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 95: 597–605 (2018). 2016.

Teton Russet (A0008-1TE)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Blazer Russet x Classic Russet. Characteristics: An early maturing, dual purpose russet potato variety with higher protein, vitamin C and low asparagine content. Resistance: common scab and Fusarium dry rot. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 91: 380–393 (2014). 2011.

Vermillion (POR03PG33)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: PA99P20-2 x PA97B36-3. A very early maturing bright red skinned and red-fleshed color specialty potato with medium sized tubers for specialty market. Resistance: Susceptible to major pests. 2016.

Wallowa Russet (AO87277-6)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A82758-3 x Ranger Russet. Characteristics: A full-season, dual-purpose russet variety with high yields and specific gravity. Resistance: Moderate resistance to PVYo and common scab. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 80: 289-294 (2003). 2002.

Waneta (NY138)—Breeder: Cornell University (De Jong, et al.). Parentage: Marcy x NY115. Characteristics: Waneta is a chip-processing potato with resistance to the golden cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) and long tuber dormancy. Excellent fry color out of cold storage. Waneta is also used by restaurants for the production of fresh-cut French fries. Reference: Amer. J. Potato Res. 97:580–585 (2020). 2011.

Western Russet (A7961-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: A68113-4 x BelRus. Characteristics: A multi-purpose variety that produces medium to high yields of oblong tubers with medium russet skin suitable for processing and fresh market use with higher concentrations of Vitamin C than Russet Burbank. Resistance: common scab and PVYo. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 83: 161–169 (2006). 2004.

Willamette (AO91812-1)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Redsen x ND1196-2R. A Chipping cultivar with high yield and specific gravity, low incidence of hollow heart and brown center, and suitability for fresh-market usage. Resistance: Verticillium wilt and PLRV net necrosis. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 85: 85–92 (2008). 2003.

Winema (NDO2438-6R)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Redsen x ND1196-2R. Characteristics: An early maturing, red-skinned variety for fresh market with high marketable yield that maintains its skin color in storage. Resistance: No notable disease or pest resistance. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 78: 371-375 (2001). 2000.

Yukon Gem (NDA5507-3Y)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: Brodick x Yukon Gold. Characteristics: A yellow-fleshed potato variety suitable for fresh-pack and processing with higher yield potential than Yukon Gold. Resistance: PVYo and late blight (foliar) with moderate resistance to dry rot, PLRV net necrosis, and tuber late blight. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 87: 327–336 (2010). 2006.

Yukon Nugget (POR02PG37-2)—Breeder: Northwest (Tri-State) Potato Variety Development Program, USDA-ARS at Aberdeen, ID and Prosser, WA, Oregon State University, University of Idaho, and Washington State University. Parentage: PA99P35–1 x Rose Gold. Characteristics: A mid-season specialty variety with yellow skin with distinct red eyes and yellow flesh with a higher set of smaller tubers than Yukon Gold. Resistance: Potato Virus X and moderate resistance to powdery scab and tuber late blight. Reference: American Journal of Potato Research 93: 602–608 (2016). 2013.

PUMPKIN

Swati Shrestha and Geoffrey Meru

Horticultural Sciences Department and the Tropical Research and Education Center University of Florida 18905 SW 280 ST Homestead, FL 33031

Apollo—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi vigorous vines produce medium dark orange colored fruits with medium ribbing, strong handles for easy picking, 18-32 lbs, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Ares—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous vines produce extra-long elongated, deep orange pumpkin of uniform shape, 22-28 lbs, well ribbed pumpkins, 115 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Bellatrix—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Large orange fruits 20-25 lbs with strong stem, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Big Dorris—Breeder and vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium orange moderately ribbed large uniform pumpkin approximately 30 lbs, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Big Moose—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Large vigorous vines produce large pumpkins suitable for roadside stands or farmers market, medium red to orange colored fruits, slightly ribbed and can range from 50 to over 125 lbs depending upon cultural practices.

Blanco—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: True white colored pumpkin 5-7 lbs with uniform ribs, resistant to color change when exposed to sun or frost, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Blaze—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Orange and yellow striped flattened round fruits with shallow rib about 2.5 to 3.5 lbs, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Captain Jack—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Extra-large pumpkin 35-40 lbs, upright barrel shaped fruits, large open vines, 105 days to maturity.

Cargo PMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Large rich orange colored pumpkin, 20-25 lbs, strong short handles, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Champion—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous medium vines produce well ribbed, orange, upright fruits with medium handles, 95 days to maturity.

Cinnamon Girl—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Short vines produces bright orange round medium ribbed fruits, 3-5 lbs, 85 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Connecticut Field—Vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: Heirloom. Characteristics: Large dark orange pumpkin ideal for Halloween Jack-o-lantern, 120 days to maturity.

Cronus—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Large vigorous vine with great yield potential, fruits with attractive dark orange color, well defined ribs, 25-60 lbs, 115 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Crunchkin—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Similar: Munchkin. Characteristics: Bush type plants with bush type scalloped shaped bright orange fruits 3-4 inches in diameter, hard shell for improved shipping and storage, 100 days to maturity.

Darling—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Uniform dark orange upright pumpkin with restricted vine, approximately 6-8 lbs in weight, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Diablo —Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Blocky round pumpkin very uniform in shape and size, dark orange colored fruits 18-22 lbs with dark green handles, 100 days to maturity.

Early Abundance—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Uniform, small, dark orange fruits 4-6 lbs, full vine plants, approximately 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Early Giant—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Adaptation: Wide. Characteristics: Open vine, fruits with slight ridges, large medium-dark orange fruits, can range from 14-40 lbs, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Early King—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Full vine, produces fruits of 22-28 lbs, round to tall fruits and dark green stems, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Early Prince—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Gurneys. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dual purpose variety suitable for baking and carving, round dark-orange pumpkin with well attached handles, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Adaptation: North, West and Mid-Atlantic.

Expert—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Long vine produces blocky upright medium sized deep orange pumpkin averaging 22-30 lbs, 98 days to maturity.

Fall Splendor—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi determinate with round blocky dark orange fruits and dark green handles, 4-6 lbs fruits, medium ribbed, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Fall Splendor Plus—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi-determinate vine, medium ribbed, dark orange fruits with strong dark green handles, 5-6 lbs, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Field Trip—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi vining plants with deep orange colored moderately ribbing flat fruits with long handles, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Flat Stacker—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi bush plant produces unusual flat white pumpkin, 95 days to maturity.

Flatso—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi bush plant producing small flat, oval shaped dark orange moderately ribbed pumpkin averaging 6-8 lbs, 85 days to maturity.

Fool’s Gold—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Unique tan colored fruits about 10-12 lbs, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Fort Knox—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium vine, produces dark orange pumpkin approximately 6 lbs, strong handles, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Fright—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium vine produces orange heavily warted fruits approximately 12 lbs, 90 days to maturity.

Gold Gem—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Large vines produce attractive dark orange fruits about 22 lbs per fruit, 105 days to maturity.

Grizzly Bear—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vine plants produces light brown colored round warty fruits approximately 5-8 lbs, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Gumdrop PMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Short vines produces whimsical shaped rich orange colored pumpkin, approximately 11-13 lbs in size, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Hermes—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi bush, early and medium sized pumpkin, orange to deep orange uniform fruits of 10-12 lbs, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Hijinks—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: 2011 All American Selection Winner, smooth deep orange fruits 7-9 lbs, ideal for painting and carving, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Honky Tonk—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi determinate bush with deeply wrinkled large blocky fruits. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Mrs Wrinkles.

Hulk—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Intermediate vines, tall barrel shaped fruits dark orange in color, 100 days to maturity.

Igor—Breeder: Lindsay Wyatt, Johnny’s selected seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark orange skinned long pumpkin with deep ribs, average weight of 25-30 lbs, 100 days to maturity.

Jack Sprat—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi determinate plants with small approximately 3 lbs fruits, round fruits with green handles, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Kandy Korn Plus—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Bush vine produces deep orange miniature fruits of approximately 1 lb, 85 days to maturity.

Kratos—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi vine plants produces large-handled pumpkins 20-30 lbs, fruits medium dark orange colored slightly ribbed, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Large Marge—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Intermediate vine with extremely large dark orange fruits 30-40 lbs in weight, traditional blocky fruit shape, 105 days to maturity.

Lil’ Orange Mon—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Mini ornamental pumpkin, dark orange fruits with semi orange flecking, average fruits 1-2 lbs, 100 days to maturity. Similar: Lil’ Pump-Ke-Mon.

Long Island Cheese—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: It’s a heirloom from Long Island, with medium large and medium ribbed fruits, skin is smooth, tender and moderately sweet for pie, 108 days to maturity.

Magic Wand—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Dark orange fruits with good ribbing and round to flattened shape, fruits 15-25 lbs, 115 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Magic lantern.

Mellow Yellow—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Unique blocky round pumpkin, 18-22 lbs with strong green handles, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Miniwarts—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Orange shells and strikingly green warts, 3.5 lbs is the average weight per fruit, 110 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew, ZYMV. Similar: Warty Goblin.

Mischief—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi vining plants with rich dark orange colored fruits and strongly attached handles, 2-4 lbs fruits perfect for fresh markets, 108 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Moonshine—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Small medium white pumpkin, medium ribbed with smooth skin, long dark green handles, approximately 8-12 lbs, 100 days to maturity.

Mr. Wrinkles—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Burpee Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Intermediate vine, deeply wrinkled and deeply ridged barrel shaped fruits with dark green handles, fruits dark orange in color and 20-30 lbs,100 days to maturity.

Mrs. Wrinkles—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi determinate vine, round blocky deeply ridged and deeply wrinkled burnt orange colored fruits with dark green handles, 100 days to maturity.

Naked Bear—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Uniform round light orange fruits approximately 2-4 lbs with golden flecking, semi hulless seeds excellent for roasting and snacking, 105 days to maturity.

Orange Sunrise—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vines produce deep orange round pumpkin with medium ridges, average 12-18 lbs early maturing and great for short seasons, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Pipsqueak PMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Upright small dark orange pumpkin with long, curling handles, average weight of 4-8 lbs, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Polar Bear—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Long vigorous vines, produces fruits ranging from 30-65 lbs but under good management sometimes may exceed 100 lbs, extra-large white pumpkin with small slight ridges, 100 days to maturity.

Porcelain Doll—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Full vine bears deeply ribbed pink pumpkin with corky handles, sweet flesh can be used for pies and soups, 110 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Prankster—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Approximately 3 lbs pumpkin, dark orange colored with strong long handles, great for painting and storage, semi bush habit, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Racer Plus—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous short vines, produces blocky, well ribbed, deep orange fruits with long strong handles, fruits approximately 14-18 lbs, super early variety with 85 days to maturity.

Renegade PMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Rich Orange, blocky round fruits averaging 14-18 lbs produced in medium vine, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Rival PMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium length vines produce round medium sized orange colored fruits, 15-20 lbs on an average, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Rockafellow—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Bush type plants produces small dark orange tear drop shaped fruits of 2-3 lbs ideal for painting, 95 days to maturity.

Shiver—Breeder: Dr. Brent Loy of University of New Hampshire. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Bush plants produce blocky white pumpkin with strong green handles weighing 7-11 lbs, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Snowball—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium length vines produces small white attractive pumpkins with dark green stems, 100 days to maturity.

Spark—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Intermediate vine, produces flattened shaped, moderately ribbed, yellow orange fruits with deep orange stripes, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Spartacus—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Moderate vine with high yield potential, uniform blocky round fruits, dark orange with medium ribbing and extra-large handles, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Spartan— Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi determinate vine produces uniform deeply ribbed burnt orange round blocky fruits, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Specter—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Early maturing off-white semi hard lightly warted fruits, can weight up to 12-20 lbs, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Sunlight PMR—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics:Semi bush vines produce yellow colored pumpkin with contrasting green stems, approximately 5-8 lbs per fruit, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Thor—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Indeterminate plants produces large blocky round burnt orange fruits, 20-25 lbs, 100 days to maturity.

Toad—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Bush type plant produces small semi hard early maturing tear drop shaped bright orange colored fruits, fruits with multiple warts perfect for decoration, 85 days to maturity.

Warty Gnome—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Flat round fruits with orange to yellow stripes, 4-6 lbs and long dark green handles, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Warty Goblin—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Full vine produces heavily warted pumpkins approximately 8-20 lbs, tall round pumpkins with orange hard shell and green warts that remains green weeks after harvest, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Miniwarts.

White Flat Boer Ford—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous vine produces scalloped shaped white colored fruits 10-17 lbs, bright orange flesh with sweet taste, 115 days to maturity.

White Gold—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium vine with white slightly ribbed pumpkins, around 8 lbs, well attached handles, 90 days to maturity.

Winter Luxury—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Unique small pumpkin with netted skin, typically 6-9 lbs, produced in long vines and great for both eating and ornamental, 105 days to maturity.

Wolf—Breeder: Western New York farmer Chris Awald. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Round to oblate fruits with large and unique handles, deep orange colored fruits and thick flesh, late maturing variety, 120 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Yosemite—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium vine produces deep orange fruits 6-7 lbs with extra-long handles, 90 days to maturity.

Zeus—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi vine produces consistently round medium to large sized pumpkin with large and firmly attached stems, dark orange colored with medium ribbing, 110 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

RUTABAGA

Irwin L. Goldman and Andrey Vega-Alfaro

Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin-Madison 1575 Linden Dr. Madison, WI. 53706

Alta Sweet—Breeder: Robert Simonet. Vendor: Prairie Garden Seeds. Characteristics: developed in Alberta, Canada, purple top type. Similar: Laurentian.

Champion Purple Top—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co. Characteristics: Large, smooth pale ivory roots with purple tops. Fine textured mild, sweet, yellow flesh. 80 day maturity.

Gilfeather Turnip—Vendor: Wild Garden Seeds. Parentage: heirloom variety from Vermont, developed in the late 19th century. Characteristics: Round roots with green tops, bright white flesh, and mild flavor. Open source variety, released through the Open Source Seed Initiative.

Helenor—Characteristics: round root with light orange flesh and sweet flavor. Good postharvest storability.

Joan—Vendor: Wild Garden Seeds. Characteristics: sweet taste and excellent texture. Round, yellow flesh, and purple top. Resistance: good resistance to club root. Open Source variety, released through the Open Source Seed Initiative.

Magres—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Characteristics: 90 days to maturity. Purple topped with excellent quality. Suited for early and late cropping. Roots are uniform and with storage potential. Resistance: mildew and soft rot. Adaptation: Wide.

Nadmorska—Vendor: Siskiyou Seeds. Characteristics: Yellow flesh with kale-like leaves. Mild flavor and good storability.

SHALLOT

Christopher S. Cramer

Dept. of Plant and Environmental Sciences New Mexico State University Las Cruces, NM 88003

Ambition—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: large bulbs, globe to half-long teardrop shape, reddish-copper scales, white flesh color, good firmness, long-day, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes. 1999.

Armador—Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: round shape, dep red colored scale, large bulbs, reduced doubling. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 2011.

Bonilla—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: round shape, straw colored scale, thick scale layers, white flesh, pungent, large bulbs, readily divides, long storage, long-day. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 1999.

Camelot—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: teardrop shape, dark red external scale color, white flesh color, long-day, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 2011.

Conservor—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: elongated shape, reduced doubling, white flesh color, long-day, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 2011.

Davidor—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: early maturing, elongated shape, large bulbs, intermediate-day, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S.

Figaro—Vendor: Territorial Seed. Parentage: open-pollinated, cross between A. cepa var. aggregatum by A. cepa var. cepa. Characteristics: elongated shape, very large bulbs, long-day, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S.

Gray—Vendor: Territorial Seed. Parentage: open-pollinated, A. oschaninii. Characteristics: small bulbs, unique flavor. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S.

Innovator—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: elongated shape, pink flesh color, long-day, long term storage. Resistance: downy mildew. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 2021.

Maserati—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: globe shape, red external color, short-day, large bulbs, short term storage. Adaptation: southern latitudes U.S., Mexico. 2013.

Matador—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: half-long shape, large bulbs, brown scale, long-day, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes. 1999.

Mirage—Parentage: open-pollinated. Characteristics: reddish-copper scale, white flesh, large bulbs, half-long teardrop shape, long storage, good bulb firmness. Adaptation: mid to northern latitudes U.S. 2002.

Olympus—Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: white scale, thick scale layers, white flesh, long storage, long-day. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S.

Picador—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: large bulbs, half-long teardrop shape, reddish-copper scales, white flesh color, reduced doubling, long term storage. Adaptation: mid to northern latitudes U.S. 2011.

Pikant—Breeder and vendor: De Groot en Slot. Parentage: open-pollinated. Characteristics: large bulbs, reddish-copper scales, reddish flesh color, long term storage. Adaptation: mid to northern latitudes U.S. 2000.

Prisma—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: red scale, red flesh, pungent, long-day. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 1999.

Red Sun—Parentage: open-pollinated. Characteristics: golden-red scale, red flesh. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 2000.

Saffron—Vendor: Territorial Seed. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: large bulbs, copper scales, yellow flesh color, long term storage. Adaptation: mid to northern latitudes U.S.

Sante –Vendor: Territorial Seed. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: large bulbs, round shape, brown colored scale, pinkish white flesh color, long term storage. Adaptation: northern latitudes U.S. 2007.

Tropix—Breeder and vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: globe shape, light red external color, short-day, short term storage. Adaptation: southern latitudes U.S., Mexico. 2013.

SOUTHERN PEA (COWPEA)

Shyam Tallury

Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, USDA-ARS 1109 Experiment Street Griffin, GA 30223

Ace (TX-3)—Breeder: Texas A&M Agrilife Research. Vendor: Texas Foundation Seed Service, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, 11914 Hwy 70 South, Vernon, TX 76384. Parentage: Mass selection in two heterogeneous plant introduction lines, Pl 353079 and Pl 353133. Characteristics: Ace is a high forage yield or a cover crop cultivar with small seed and reseeding potential. The seed coat of Ace is smooth and solid black with a small tan colored hilar eye. Seed shape of Ace is ovate to ovoid. Mature pods are straw colored with light purple shading and 10 to 12 cm long with slight curvature, each containing about 15 seeds. Generally flowering of Ace starts in late August in NE Texas with mature dry peas ready for seed harvest by mid-October. Resistance: southern root-knot nematode (Meloidygne incognita race 3). Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations Vol. 14(2):126-133 (2020). PVP# 201900266; issued 11/30/2020; expires 11/30/2040. 2019.

AR07-303—Breeder: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR. Vendor: Dr. Ainong Shi, Cowpea breeder, Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA; Email: ashi@uark.edu., Parentage: VS84-12 x L573A. VS84-12 was a root-knot nematode resistant Arkansas advanced southernpea breeding line with good resistance to both Meloidogyne incognita race 3 and M. arenaria race 1. L573A was a southernpea line from the Louisiana State University breeding program. Characteristics: AR07-303 is considered a Chinese red-seed type southernpea because of its small red hard seed. It has a semi- vining type plant habit, although it can grow in the field alone with a semi-erect (semi-lodge) plant habit. Days to first flower averages 45 days and days to maturity averages 65 days, with a range of 64-66 days depending on planting date and location. Pod set is concentrated with the pods scattered from below the foliage-to-foliage level. Mature pods are pendant from the peduncles, with each peduncle typically producing two to three pods. The pod is slightly curved, and the color is green when young, turns white to straw color when mature and becomes straw to white colored when dried. The seed coat color of AR07-303 is red with an average 100 dried seed weight of 8.7 g. The average dried seed yield of AR07-303 is 1,222.3 lbs/acre. AR07-303 is also a bacterial blight tolerant southernpea. AR07-303 is unique with a red seed coat color and a growth habit of shoot growth throughout the entire growing season. Because red seed southernpeas have a high antioxidant content, they have the potential to be used in dietary supplements as a nutritional and health- promoting additive. In addition, because the shoots grow continuously and produce young leaves throughout the growing season, AR07-303 can be used as a cover crop and as fodder for cows, deer, and other wildlife. 2018.

AR09-393—Breeder: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR. Vendor: Arkansas Crop Variety Improvement Program, 1091 W. Cassatt Street, Fayetteville, AR 72704. Parentage: It was a single plant selected from the cowpea cultivar ‘Early Scarlet’. Characteristics: AR09-393 has an erect bush type plant habit. Average number of days to flower is 42 with a range of 39 to 45 days depending upon planting date and location. Days to pod maturity averages 63.5, ranging from 62 to 66 days depending upon planting date and location. Pod set is concentrated with the pods scattered above the foliage. Mature pods are pendant from the peduncles, and each peduncle typically produces two pods. The mature pod color ready for dry-pod harvest is scarlet. There are an average of 13 seeds in each pod of AR09-393. AR09-393 seed coats are white-yellow and wrinkled with a pink eye. The seed of AR 09—393 is comparatively large, with an average 100-seed weight of 18.3 g. The seed yield of AR09-393 is high, averaging 1291.1 lb/acre dry seed weight. AR09-393 is favored by farmers as well as by home gardeners because it is a pinkeye cowpea with a mature, scarlet-colored pod. In addition, AR09-393 is also an excellent cowpea for use in the processing industry because of its high imbibition rate with 2874.0 lb/acre imbibed seed weight. 2016.

AR09-692—Breeder: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR. Vendor: Dr. Ainong Shi, Cowpea breeder, Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA; Email: ashi@uark.edu. Parentage: AR94-3116 x AR94-487 PEPP, both Arkansas breeding lines. Characteristics: AR09-692 has an erect bush type plant habit. Average day to flower is 44 days with a range of 39 to 45 days and average days to pod maturity is 63 days with a range of 60 to 66 days, depending upon planting date and location. Pod set is concentrated, with the pods scattered above the foliage. Mature pods are pendant from the peduncles with each peduncle typically producing two pods and the mature pod color is purple. AR09-692 seed coat color is white to light yellow with a pinkeye seed. The average 100-dry seed weight of AR09-692 is 16.5 g. Seed yield of AR09-692 averaged 1,314.1 lbs/acre dried seed weight. This pinkeye purple pod type has been favored for a field crop as well as home gardeners. 2016.

AR10-ES01—Breeder: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR. Vendor: Dr. Ainong Shi, Cowpea breeder, Department of Horticulture, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA; Email: ashi@uark.edu. Parentage: AR10-ES01 was derived from a single plant selection of Erect Set. Characteristics: AR10-ES01 is well suited for production for fresh market and home gardens. It is an erect bush type plant. Pod set is concentrated, and the pods are born on long peduncles scattered above the foliage with two or three pods per peduncle sticking straight up in the air to give a crow’s foot appearance as it develops, even when the pods are dry. This allows for ease of harvest and gives a unique presentation of the pods. A typical pod of AR10-ES01 is straight with a white color when dried. AR10-ES01 seeds are crowded in the pod and have flat ends. The seeds are cream colored without an eye pattern and fit the cream crowder definition. The average 100-seed weight of AR 10—ES 01 is 15.6 g. The dried seed yield of AR10-ES01 averaged 1,711.5 lbs/acre. It is a good cultivar for home gardens that are harvested by hand because of its upright pod growth habit that places the pods above the canopy for easy harvesting. Resistance: has good levels of resistance to root-knot nematode. 2016.

BlackStallion—Breeder: B.W. Algate & Co Pty Ltd trading as J W Koek & Company, 714 Ford Road, Burbank, QLD 4156, Australia. Parentage: Pedigree is complex. It is a selection made within the cultivar, Red Caloona. Characteristics: BlackStallion is black-seeded variant of Red Caloona. Resistance: It has resistance to two races of stem rot, Phytophthora vignae. PVP# 201500340; issued 5/10/2017; expires 5/10/2037. 2015.

California Blackeye No. 50 (03Sh-50-17)—Breeder: University of California, Davis, and the California Agric. Expt. Sta. Parentage: Pedigree is complex from a biparental cross of cultivar ‘CB46’ x UCR breeding line 98-8-622-2. Characteristics: CB50 produces a large vigorous canopy that resists stresses and is well suited to a long season. Grain of CB50 is very large with a brighter white seedcoat than the standard cultivar CB46, which makes it particularly attractive for the export market and dry package trade. Resistance: CB50 has resistance to both Race 3 and Race 4 of Fusarium wilt [Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht nd. F.sp. tracheiphilu m (E.F. Sm.) W.C. Snyder & H.N. Hans.] and root-knot nematode. Journal of Plant Registrations 3:236-240 (2009). PVP# 200800395; issued 11/22/2010; expires 11/22/2030. 2008.

Carolina Classic—Breeder: Thaddeus Hillery Busbice. 3624 Kildaire Farm Road, Cary, NC 27518. Parentage: Carolina Classic is derived from a cross between Florida Zipper Cream and an experimental line, L-63, from Louisiana State University, Calhoun, LA. Characteristics: Carolina Classic has purple pigmentation in the stem nodes and in the seed pods, whereas Florida Zipper Cream has no purple pigmentation. Carolina Classic is a crowder type variety, whereas experimental line L-63 is not a crowder type. Similar: Carolina Classic is similar to Carolina Sugar. However, Carolina Classic seeds are distinctively more pigmented than Carolina Sugar. Also, the dry seed of Carolina Classic darkens in color with time in storage whereas Carolina Sugar is stable over time with respect to dry seed color. Carolina Classic seeds have the classic crowder seed shape associated with crowding in the seed pod, whereas Carolina Sugar seeds show less evidence of crowding in the seed pod. Carolina Classic seeds are angular in shape, whereas Carolina Sugar are less angular and more spherical in shape. PVP# 200700083; issued 6/15/2007; expires 6/15/2027. 2006.

Carolina Sugar—Breeder: Great Plains Research Company, Inc. Parentage: Carolina Sugar is derived from a cross between Florida Zipper Cream and experimental line, L-63, from Louisiana State University, Calhoun. Characteristics: Carolina Sugar is an edible cowpea that was bred primarily for use in the green stage by home gardeners. The pods are located well above the foliage for easy picking and are easy to shell. Similar: Carolina Sugar is similar to Florida Zipper Cream. However, Carolina Sugar is more upright and compact in growth habit than Florida Zipper Cream. Also, it differs from Florida Zipper Cream in anthocyanin content with purple seed pods. Florida Zipper Cream has white flowers, whereas Carolina Sugar has lavender flowers. PVP# 9300071; issued 8/31/1993; expired 8/31/2011. 1993.

Clemson Purple—Breeder: South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station. Vendor: SC Foundation Seed Association. Parentage: Pedigree is complex and involved different parental lines. Clemson Purple combines the rich purple pod color of Knuckle Purple Hull, the very large seed size of Fla 595765 and Colossus and the resistance of Mississippi Silver to Blackeye Cowpea Mosaic Virus (BlCMV) and root knot nematodes. PVP# 9000177; issued 7/30/1993; expired 7/30/2011. 1990.

Golden Eye Cream—Breeder: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Parentage: Golden Eye Cream was derived from a cross between TX 17032, an advanced breeding line from the Texas program, and US432, released as germplasm by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS). Characteristics: Golden Eye Cream is a unique large-seeded cream-type pea. The relatively tall, erect plants have pods at or above foliage, which aids in easy hand harvest and also machine harvest. The variety also has high percent shellout, larger seed size. Resistance: high levels of resistance to root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood Race 1). HortScience 41(7):1709-1710 (2006). PVP# 200700383; issued 7/30/2008; expires 7/30/2028. 2007.

GreenPack-DG—Breeder: The United States Government as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture and Barenbrug USA. Parentage: The parental lines are Charleston Greenpack and USVL 97-296. Characteristics: GreenPack-DG is a pinkeye-type southernpea. GreenPack-DG seeds have a richer and more uniform green seed color (rich olive green) than dry seeds of green cotyledon phenotype cultivars, and the seeds are much less susceptible to color loss due to blanching when harvesting is delayed. The major attribute of the new cultivar is the persistence of the green color of unharvested dry peas long after optimal harvest. Unlike the green cotyledon phenotype parent ‘Charleston Greenpack’ where growers must harvest the crop immediately after pod drying to insure a high-color product, growers of GreenPack-DG have a considerably greater harvest window. It matures to the dry-pod harvest stage at Charleston, SC, in about 63 to 65 days, similar to Charleston Greenpack. The plant habit is low bushy. The leaf color is a dark green; the leaf surface is smooth and glossy. There is slight pigmentation (purple) on the stems; the petioles exhibit moderate pigmentation at the tips; the branches exhibit extensive pigmentation; and the pigmentation on the peduncles range from intermediate at the early pod stage to extensive at the dry pod stage. GreenPack-DG pod set is concentrated, and the pods are borne above the foliage in a scattered fashion. Dry pods are attached to the peduncles in a pendant manner, and each peduncle typically produces two pods. A typical fresh-shell stage pod is slightly curved, long (20 centimeters), exhibits only slight constrictions between peas, and contains 12 peas. Pod color is green when immature, dark purple when ready for mature-green harvest, and dark straw or drab when completely dry. GreenPack-DG fresh peas are kidney shaped and have a pink eye, quite similar to fresh Charleston Greenpack peas. The dry peas have a smooth coat and are slightly smaller than those of Charleston Greenpack. The harvested product produced a frozen product with excellent characteristics. Resistance: It has excellent field resistance to blackeye cowpea mosaic virus (BICMV). Similar: Except for longer pods and slightly smaller seeds, GreenPack-DG is similar in appearance to Charleston Greenpack. HortScience 42(3):692-693 (2007). PVP# 200700007; issued 9/20/2007; expires 9/20/2027. 2006.

Kunde Zulu—Breeder: Jeffrey D. Elhers, 22500 Climbing Rose Dr. Moreno Valley, CA 92557. Pedigree: It was derived from a cross between UCD 339 and TVx 12-01d as a single plant selection in F7 generation. Characteristics: The seed coat color and pattern of Kunde Zulu is dark red with pigmentation spreading from the hilum to the keel and around almost to the back side of the seed. The margin between pigmented and white areas is diffuse and speckled. Pigment is concentrated at seed edges so that the flat sides of each cotyledon are mostly white while curved surfaces (edges) are pigmented. It is anticipated that Kunde Zulu will be marketed as a specialty grain legume, with the unique appearance of its grain being a major selling point. Kunde Zulu plants are about 60 cm in height with erect branches and is less viny. Pods of Kunde Zulu are short and narrow and are held erect nearly to maturity. PVP# 009500268; issued 6/28/1996; expired 6/28/2016. 1995.

Mississippi Cream—Breeder: Mississippi State University. Parentage: Pedigree is complex. Characteristics: Mississippi Cream runs more vigorously than most creams with small-diameter vines and continuing vigorous growth in later stages. Long peduncles, pendant long pods with pods at or above foliage. The dry seed are small, very small in relation to the green-mature seed, smooth, and under average conditions have very little cracking of the seed coat around the hilum or around the circumference radiating from the hilum. Mississippi Cream has tolerance to all the destructive viruses that occur at five scattered locations of variety-test sites in Mississippi. Resistance: It is resistant to all the common root-knot nematodes in the U.S. except Meloidogyne hapla which was not encountered at the test locations. Mississippi Cream is highly resistant to all 3 of the known Races of the Fusarium responsible for Fusarium wilt. PVP# 008000068; issued 3/26/1984; expired 3/26/2002. 1980.

Mississippi Purple—Breeder: Mississippi State University and Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station. Parentage: Pedigree is complex and involved a purple hull crowder, Knucklehull Crowder, M57-l and Mississippi Silver. Characteristics: It is a brown crowder with crowder seed, green and dry. The plants are less viny than other crowders and a concentration of the pods over the plant with the pods maturing over a short time period. Pods of Mississippi Purple are bright reddish-purple at green maturity and dark purple when dry. Pods of Mississippi Silver are silver splashed with rose at green maturity and straw color when dry. Associated with pod color, the stems and nodes of Mississippi Purple have purple mixed with green. Resistance: Mississippi Purple is highly resistant to Races 1, 2, and 3 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Tracheiphilum (stem rot), resistant to Meloidogyne incognita, M. incognita var. acrita, M. arenaria, and M. javanica, qualities possessed by no other crowder. Similar: Mississippi Purple most closely resembles Mississippi Silver. PVP# 007300059; issued 11/18/1976; expired 11/18/1993. 1973.

Sa Dandy—Breeder: Hugh Oliver, Collidge, Georgia, United States. Characteristics: A medium maturity variety with a semi-erect plant habit. The pods are borne at foliage level in a bunched fashion. Pod color at green-shell maturity is green; the color at dry-stage maturity is light straw. The seeds are ovate to ovoid shaped. The color of immature and mature seeds is cream. 1973.

Summertime—Breeder: Thaddeus Hillery Busbice, 3624 Kildaire Farm Road Cary, NC 27518. Parentage: Summertime is derived from a cross between Florida Zipper Cream and an experimental line, L-63, from Louisiana State University, Calhoun, LA. Characteristics: Summertime has purple pigmentation in the stern nodes and in the seed pods, whereas Florida Zipper Cream has no purple pigmentation. Summertime has a pinkeye, whereas experimental line L-63 does not have a pinkeye. PVP# 200900112; issued 11/22/2010; expires 11/22/2030. 2009.

Sweethaven—Breeder: Thaddeus Hillery Busbice, 3624 Kildaire Farm Road Cary, NC 27518. Parentage: Florida Zipper Cream x L-63 (an experimental line from Louisiana State University). Characteristics: Sweethaven has a compact plant type at green pod maturity with little or no vining. Also, it lacks the purple coloration at green pod maturity. PVP# 200900111; issued 11/22/2010; expires 11/22/2030. 2009.

Whippersnapper—Breeder: United States Vegetable Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Charleston, South Carolina; LSU AgCenter and Lincoln University. Parentage: UCR-204 and 87-161-2 (sister line of Bettersnap). Characteristics: ‘WhipperSnapper’ has a compact, erect plant habit. The leaf color is a dull medium green and the leaf surface is smooth. There is no red or purple pigmentation on stems, branches, petioles, or peduncles. Flower color is white, but the back and the lower center portion of the inside of the standard are yellow. Pods are borne above the foliage. Ready-to-harvest pods are attached to the peduncles in a pendant manner. Each peduncle most commonly produces two pods, but the cultivar has a tendency to produce greater numbers of pods per peduncle in some seasons. In a 2001 planting, for example, 36% of the ‘WhipperSnapper’ peduncles produced three pods, 6% produced four pods, and 1% produced five pods. Typical ready-to-harvest ‘WhipperSnapper’ snaps are green colored and slightly curved at the attachment end. Typical mature-green pods suitable for fresh-shell harvest exhibit an attractive yellow color, are 25 cm long, and contain ≈14 seeds. The hulls of the mature-green pods are loose around the peas and the constrictions are distinct (pea locations in unshelled pods are quite obvious). Mature-green pods shell easily. Fresh peas are cream-colored, kidney-shaped, and weigh 24.5 g per 100 peas. Dry pods exhibit a light straw color. Dry peas have a smooth seedcoat. Reference: HortScience 42 (5):1297-1298 (2007). PVP# 200500007; issued 9/20/2007; expires 9/20/2027. 2004.

SOYBEAN

Guo-Liang Jiang

Agricultural Research Station Virginia State University PO Box 9061 Petersburg, VA 23806

Asmara (Reg. no. CV-470, PI 633049)—Breeder: Virginia State University, Petersburg, VA (T. Mebrahtu). Parentage: PI 417288 × BV-4. Characteristics: maturity group (MG) VI with determinate growth habit; white flowers, tawny pubescence, tan pods; yellow seed coat color, buff hila, and 23 g per 100 seeds; 3.96% sucrose, 43.0% protein, and 9.2% oil with 43.3% as oleic acid in green beans on a dry weight basis; and 43.1% protein and 12.0% oil with 22.9% as oleic acid in mature seeds. Reference: Crop Science 45: 408-409 (2005). 2003.

Codington (Reg. No. CV-511, PI 667736)—Breeder: South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD (Guo-Liang Jiang and Roy Scott). Parentage: Surge × A96-591033. Characteristics: relative maturity (RM) 1.0 with indeterminate growth habit; high-yield, large seed, and high quality; purple flowers, tawny pubescence, and brown pod color; dull seed coat luster, yellow seed coat color, black hila, and 20.7-23.4 g per 100 seeds; 3612.6 kg per hectare in grain yield, 1.2% higher than check Surge; and 42.0% protein and 20.3% oil. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 8: 13–17 (2014). 2013.

HS-171 (Reg. no. CN119096)—Breeder: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Harrow, ON (K. Yu, V. Poysa, and L. Woodrow). Parentage: Gardensoy12/3/RCAT Bobcat/RCAT Tabby//Harovinton. Characteristics: relative maturity (RM) 2.6 with indeterminate growth habit; purple flowers, and grey pubescence; dull yellow seeds with yellow hilum, and 29.9 g per 100 seeds; and 44.9% protein, 19.3% oil, and 7.0% sucrose. Reference: Can. J. Plant Sci. 97: 1195–1196 (2017). 2017.

Moon Cake (Reg. no. CV-481, PI 632905)—Breeder: USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD (T.E. Devine). Parentage: OR5–12–1T × Disoy. Characteristics: MG V with indeterminate growth habit; white flowers, and gray pubescence; shiny lustrous yellow seed coats and light buff colored hila, and 27 g per 100 seeds; 10.1% sucrose in green seeds harvested forty days after the initiation of flowering averaged, and 43.8% protein and 18.6% oil in mature seeds. Reference: Crop Science 46: 1810-1811 (2006). 2003.

N6202 (Reg. No. GP-366, PI 658498)—Breeder: USDA-ARS, Raleigh, NC (T.E. Carter, Jr.). Parentage: N6201 × N95-7390. Characteristics: MG VI with determinate growth habit; high-protein seed, favorable yield potential, large seed size, and diverse pedigree; purple flowers, gray pubescence, and a tan pod wall; yellow seed coat, clear or yellow hilum, and 21.4 g per 100 seeds; and 45.7%orotein and 18.1% oil. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 4: 73–79 (2010). 2009.

Owens (Reg. No. CV-488, PI 633567)—Breeder: Virginia State University, Petersburg, VA (T. Mebrahtu). Parentage: PI 417288 × T145. Characteristics: MG V with determinate growth habit; white flowers, tawny pubescence, and brown pods; brown seed coats and brown hila, and 20 g per 100 seeds; 6.3% sucrose, 35.0% protein, and 13.9% oil in green beans; and 44.1% protein and 18.1% oil in mature seeds. Reference: Journal of Plant Registrations 1: 95-96 (2007). 2003.

Randolph (Reg. no. CV-473, PI 633424)—Breeder: Virginia State University, Petersburg, VA (T. Mebrahtu). Parentage: PI 417288 × BV-4. Characteristics: MG VI with determinate growth habit; white flowers, gray pubescence, and tan pods; yellow seed coats and brown hila, and 24-28 g per 100 seeds; 5.2% sucrose and 44.5% protein with 39.3% of the total oil as oleic acid in green beans; and 46.0% protein with 24.6 of the total oil as oleic acid in mature seeds. Reference: Crop Science 45: 2644-2645 (2005). 2003.

UA Kirksey (R08-4002)—Breeder: University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (Pengyin Chen). Parentage: R95-1705 x MFL-552. Characteristics: RM 5.8 with determinate growth habit; white flowers, gray pubescence, and tan pods; yellow seed coat, light buff hilum, and 24 g per 100 seeds; 43.9% protein and 20.1% oil; and resistant to southern stem canker, phytophthora root rot, and sudden death syndrome. Reference: ScholarWorks@UARK (2014), https://scholarworks.uark.edu/pat/24. 2012.

UA Mulberry (R09-345, Reg. No. CV-530, PI 688606)—University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (Pengyin Chen). Parentage: R01-3597F x V96-7198. Characteristics: RM 5.8 with determinate growth habit; purple flowers, tawny pubescence, and tan pods; black seeds with black hilum, and 25 g per 100 seeds; 42.3% protein, 20.0% oil, and 3.9% sucrose; and resistant to sudden death syndrome and frogeye leaf spot, and moderately resistant to stem canker. Reference: Journal of Plant Registration 13: 28-30 (2019). 2016.

SPINACH

Beiquan Mou

USDA/ARS 1636 East Alisal Street Salinas, CA 93905

Acadia—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a dark green, semi-savoyed spinach with good texture for babyleaf harvest, slow growing. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: recommended for main season production in Coastal California, and spring and fall production in Northern growing regions.

Alcor—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: thick leaves, medium dark green color, oval round leaf shape, a little blistered leaves, medium growing, good yield, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-18). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

Alrite—Breeder: American Takii. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: an easy to grow hybrid spinach, upright plant habit, produces deep green leaves, early maturity, medium-late bolting. Resistance: very good cold and heat tolerance. Adaptation: wide adaptability. Recommended harvest is fall to winter.

Alta—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium early, late bolting, round leaves, uniform, medium to dark green, upright growth habit. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-17). Adaptation: suitable for baby leaf production.

Amador—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a fast and very erect growing variety, the dark green smooth leaves have an oval shape, the leaves are thick leading to a great texture. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: suitable for the early and late sowings.

Andromeda—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: thick leaves, medium green color, oval leaf shape, fast growing, good vigor, very stable, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: cool seasons.

Auroch (51-167)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: oriental variety, good flexibility, dark green, large leaf. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: for fall and winter production.

Aztec—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a fast and erect growing hybrid, the dark green semi-savoy leaves have a slightly pointed shape, the leaves are thick leading to a great texture. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: very suitable for the early and late sowings.

Baboon (51-529)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, fast-growing variety. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 9, 11-18; intermediate resistance: Races 8,10,19). Adaptation: for winter production.

Bloomsdale—Breeder: Zwaan and Van der Molen. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: a heirloom variety, medium-dark green leaves on upright plants make Bloomsdale easy to harvest, heavily savoyed, fast growing, good flavor. Adaptation: Suited for early spring and fall plantings. Also suitable for winter harvest. For full size and bunching.

Bonobo (51-353)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, babyleaf variety. Similar: Silverwhale. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 9, 11-18; intermediate resistance: Races 8,10).

Brolga (51-364)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, fast-growing variety. Resistance: CMV, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-4, 6, 8, 10-19; intermediate resistance: Races 5, 7, 9). Similar: Woodpecker.

Budgerigar (51-SE721)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: uniform big round leaves with shiny color, semi savoy type. Resistance: bolting, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-18; intermediate resistance: Race 10). Adaptation: suitable for late spring and early autumn period.

C2-606—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: high yielding, smooth, dark green leaves, uniform spade shaped leaves, upright plant habit, slower growing, mid-late maturity. Resistance: bolting, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-16, 18-19). Adaptation: well suited for warmer planting slots for bunch, clip, babyleaf multi-purposes.

Cabezon (51-718)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: savoy type. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-19; intermediate resistance: Race 10). Adaptation: suitable for summer production.

Camaro—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: its dark green, smooth, elongated oval leaves have good uniformity at maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-14, 16, 19). Adaptation: a main season Salinas summer type.

Canopus—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium thick leaves, medium green color, oval round leaf shape, uniform petiole length, medium leaf size, upright plant structure, fast growing, fast bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17-19). Adaptation: cool seasons.

Carmel—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy, dark green color and upright growth habit, fast growing and highly uniform. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: for baby leaf or full size. Great fall variety.

Colusa—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: the speed of growth is average, upright, the smooth leaves are medium green and have a round-oblong shape. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-18). Adaptation: suitable for organic production.

Cormorant (51-182)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: oriental variety, round leaf shape, upright growing, shiny leaf, dark leaf color. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-13). Adaptation: suitable for bunching.

Corvair—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: produces oval-shaped, smooth, thick leaves that are upright in stature, excellent yield and dark green color. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: it has a wide adaptability, good in spring and autumn production.

Corvus—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: thick leaves, dark green color, oval round leaf shape, a little blistered leaves, no cups, fast growing, high yield, fast bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-18). Adaptation: cool seasons.

Countryside (C7-613)—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: dark green, very uniform, thick smooth round oval leaves, upright plant habit, good holding ability for baby leaf, acceptable bolt tolerance for fresh market growers, moderate growth habit, mid-maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: well suited for clip, babyleaf, fresh market purposes. It has performed well in many West Coast baby leaf growing slots.

Crater—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy, thick leaves, dark green color, round leaf shape, slow growing, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: warm seasons.

Crosstrek—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium to fast growing, good leaf texture, slightly savoy leaves, round oval point shape, a medium green color, and its stems are medium to short. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 17, 18). Adaptation: for transition and summer period.

Cugoe (51-717)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy, dark green, and firm leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-6, 8, 9, 11-17, 19). Adaptation: suitable for babyleaf production.

Cursa—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth and very thick leaves, very dark green color, oval pointed leaf shape, slow growing, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-6, 8-17, 19). Adaptation: warm seasons.

Darkside—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: dark green, very uniform, thick smooth round oval leaves, upright plant habit, good tonnage, slow to moderate growth habit, mid-maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: well suited for bunch, clip, babyleaf, fresh market purposes.

Dracus—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth and medium thick leaves, medium green color, upright plant structure, oval leaf shape, medium growing, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

DS 30159—Breeder: DeSeed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: dark glossy green, oval round leaf shape, upright vigorous plant, rather fast growth, mid-early bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: suitable for autumn—early spring fresh market as well as baby leaf production due to the rather rounded leaf shape.

DS 30177—Breeder: DeSeed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: dark glossy green, oval round to triangle leaf shape, upright vigorous plant, fast growth, mid-early bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: suitable for mid to late autumn—early spring fresh and processing market, also suitable for baby leaf in the cold shoulder segments where high vigor is required and leaves are less pointed.

DS 30199—Breeder: DeSeed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: very dark glossy green, round leaf shape, and semi savoy especially when grown in autumn or early spring, upright and vigorous and mid growth speed, mid slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: suitable for autumn—spring fresh market as well as baby leaf due to the round leaf shape.

DS 40001—Breeder: DeSeed. Characteristics: very dark glossy green, round leaf shape, semi savoy, very late bolting with heat tolerance, slow growth. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 11,16; intermediate resistance: Races 1-8, 12, 14, 15, 16). Adaptation: suitable for sowing in late spring and summer for fresh market as well as baby leaf.

Eland (51-528)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves. Resistance: bolting, Colletotrichum leafspot, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 18; intermediate resistance: Races 16,19). Adaptation: dual purpose variety for babyleaf and processing.

Equinox—Breeder/Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds (John Navazio). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: faster growing, slower bolting, and much more uniform than Bloomsdale, which it replaces. Upright plants with fully savoyed leaves on long stems. Similar: Bloomsdale. Adaptation: Excels in spring and fall and can be harvested at baby leaf or full size.

Escalade—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, dark green color. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-14, 16, 19). Adaptation: a flexible variety that is excellent for both babyleaf and bunch harvests, performs well in spring, summer and fall production, its field holding ability will make it performing well when planted in the heat period.

F-380 (F88-380)—Breeder: University of Arkansas (Teddy Morelock). Parentage: open pollinated, selection from Fall Green. Characteristics: smooth leaf surface, five-sided leaf shape with lobed base and pointed tip, medium green and glossy leaves, fast growth rate, semi-erect plant, medium leaf and plant sizes, long petiole, early bolting, smooth seed, excellent seedling vigor, good yield potential, suitable for processing (canning or freezing). Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-2), white rust, Fusarium wilt, cucumber mosaic virus. Similar: Viroflay. Adaptation: fall and winter production in the Arkansas River Valley of Arkansas and Oklahoma; fall planting in the winter garden area in Texas. PVP# 009500066, issued 2/15/2001. 1994.

Fantail (51-358)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, dark round foliage on an upright plant. Resistance: Colletotrichum and Stemphylium leafspots, Fusarium wilt, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-8, 10-19; intermediate resistance: Race 9). Similar: Woodpecker. Adaptation: suitable for summer babyleaf production.

Finwhale (51-348)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves. Resistance: Colletotrichum and Stemphylium leafspots, Fusarium wilt, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17; intermediate resistance: Races 16, 18, 19). Similar: Molokai. Adaptation: suitable for babyleaf production in summer and fall.

Flamingo—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Asian type, uniform, smooth, dark green leaves on very long stems. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11; intermediate resistance: Races 12-13). Similar: Flamingo Improved. Adaptation: for early spring and fall harvests, a good choice for bunching.

Flamingo Improved—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Asian type, uniform, smooth, medium-green leaves on very long stems. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-14, 16). Similar: Flamingo. Adaptation: for early spring and fall harvests, a good choice for bunching.

Freya—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: very dark green, slightly puckered leaves, medium early maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-17). Adaptation: suitable for baby leaf production.

Frontier (E03C. 1059)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, elongated oval leaves with a medium green color, good leaf texture, medium fast growing, excellent yields. Because of its upright growing, it is easy to harvest. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 17, 18). Adaptation: in the transition slot and winter season. 2021.

Fulla—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: dark green, glossy, round to oval leaves, upright habit, vigorous growth, late bolting, developed from China (for bunching) to U.S. (for baby leaf). Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-10, 15). Adaptation: mid-late segment for bunching and baby leaf.

Gazelle—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: dark green, semi-smooth, oval to round leaves with good flavor, medium-long stems, very uniform leaf shape and plant habit. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-13, 15). Adaptation: Suitable for baby leaf and bunching. Best suited for fall/winter harvest.

Gecko (51-SL367)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, very dark color and upright growing habit with oval/pointed leaves. Resistance: Stemphylium leafspot, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Similar: Fantail and Brolga. Adaptation: suitable for mid-late season.

Hammerhead (51-708)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: savoy leaves. Resistance: intermediate white rust resistance, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16, 19).

Harmonica—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: fast growing, leaves are dark green and have a slightly pointed shape, fast bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: winter plantings for processing spinach.

Harp—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: very dark green leaves, the growth speed of the oriental variety is medium fast. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: it has already a long track record for bunching.

Hydrus—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy, thick leaves, dark green color, upright plant structure, round leaf shape, slow growing, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-18). Adaptation: warm seasons.

Imperial Beach (SSP4044)—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a dark green bunch spinach variety. It has an Asian leaf type that is smooth with lobbing. It is a very uniform variety for leaf shape and size. It has an upright plant habit making it easy to harvest. It has flexible but strong petioles resulting in less stem breakage. It is a fast-growing variety with early maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16). Adaptation: suitable for bunch, clip, fresh market purposes.

Imperial Star—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a fast growing, early maturing Asian type spinach that has smooth, medium green leaves. It has an upright plant habit with strong sturdy petioles, thus less susceptible to damages due to bunching. This variety is a cold tolerant variety with a low bolt tolerance. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 9, 11, 13, 16). Adaptation: A preferred planting window is late fall or early winter. Its uses include fresh markets–bunch.

Imperial Valley (C5-049)—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a dark green smooth leaf spinach variety for fresh markets. It has uniform Asian slightly-lobbed leaves with flexible and strong petioles. It has fast growth, early maturity and an upright plant habit making it a great choice for bunch growers. Resistance: cold tolerance, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16). Adaptation: suitable for bunch, clip, fresh market purposes.

Kiowa—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: it is medium slow and upright growing, the semi-savoyed leaves are medium green and have a round-oblong shape. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-18). Adaptation: suitable for both organic and conventional productions.

Kolibri (51-710)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a semi-savoy variety with dark green, oval leaves, and a semi-upright growth habit. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 12-15, 17; intermediate resistance: 10, 11). Adaptation: suitable for spring, summer, and fall cultivation.

Kookaburra (51-706)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: early semi-savoy babyleaf variety, very dark, glossy, oval leaves with an upright growing habit, uniform in leaf type. Resistance: yellow leaves and cotyledons, Colletotrichum leafspot, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-13, 15).

La Paz—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a productive medium (fast) growing variety with medium fast bolting, the leaves are fairly round and have an attractive green color, the quality is high due to the high ratio between leaves and stems. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: suitable for processing spinach.

Lakeside—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: It has uniform thick dark-green smooth leaves. It has a round to oval leaf shape with an upright plant habit that makes it easy to harvest. It has a slow-moderate growth and mid-maturity. Resistance: moderate to high bolting resistance; downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 15-16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 12,14). Adaptation: It is a very versatile variety and can be used for baby leaf, bunch or clip.

Lizard (51-347)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, dark color, faster growing. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17). Similar: Toucan, Woodpecker. Adaptation: suitable for summer babyleaf production.

Longhorn (E03D. 1076)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, round oval leaves with a medium to dark green color, medium growing speed, good leaf thickness for potential high yields, medium to long stems for easy harvesting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: for west coast summer season and front/tail desert season. 2022.

Marabu (51-507)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, uniform, and dark green leaves. Resistance: CMV, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-10, 15). Adaptation: a widely-adapted, warm season hybrid, suitable for baby, clip, or bunch markets.

Meerkat (51-333)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, round leaf, upright growing habit, uniform stem length. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17). Similar: Gazelle. Adaptation: spring/autumn variety for early segment.

Minkar—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth and thick leaves, dark green color, oval pointed leaf shape, medium growing, good yield, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

Molokai—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, glossy, medium-dark green oval leaves, erect growth habit, long petioles. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-13, 15). Adaptation: thrives in colder climates, coastal California and southwest desert regions of the U.S.

Nembus—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: thick leaves, medium green color, oval round leaf shape, a little blistered leaves, fast growing, high yield, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: cool seasons.

Nevada—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: fast and upright growing, the smooth leaves are medium green and have a round-oblong shape. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-18). Adaptation: suitable for organic production.

No. 5633—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a moderate to fast growing, smooth leaf, slightly lobed spinach variety with mid-maturity. It has medium green leaves and an upright plant habit. Resistance: moderate bolting tolerance; downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-5, 8-9, 11-12). Adaptation: fresh market bunch and processing.

Oceanside—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a slow—moderate growing dark green spinach variety. It has thick leaves that are upright in plant habit. It has uniform smooth round/oval leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11, 13, 15-16, 18-19; intermediate resistance: Races 12, 14). Adaptation: It is a versatile variety that can be used for baby leaf, bunch or clip.

Octans—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: thick leaves, very dark green color, big leaf size, oval leaf shape, slow growing, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: warm seasons.

Odin—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: round, slightly puckered leaves, uniform in size. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16). Adaptation: suitable for baby leaf production.

Okame—Breeder: American Takii. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous upright plants produce medium green, thick leaves. Early maturity. Resistance: is late bolting. Adaptation: suitable for summer harvest.

Parakeet (51-715)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy type. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-14, 16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 15, 17, 18). Similar: Kookaburra. Adaptation: suitable for babyleaf production.

Pawnie—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a slow growing semi-erect variety, the thick leaves are full savoy, the medium green leaves have a round to oval shape. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: suitable for the early and late summer production.

Pegasum—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium thick leaves, medium green color, very uniform length of the petiole, round leaf shape, slow growing, fast bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: warm seasons.

Pheasant (51-362)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth leaves, upright, dark with moderate length stems. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-14, 16-19; intermediate resistance: Race 15). Similar: Gazelle. Adaptation: a babyleaf spinach variety for the fall, winter and spring segments.

Piano—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a reliable producer, it is a medium slow and upright growing variety, the dark green smooth leaves have a round/oblong shape. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: has a good track record for conventional growing.

Platypus (51-707)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi savoy, glossy leaves, very fast growing. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17). Adaptation: suitable for winter production.

Plymouth—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: It has smooth, medium-dark green leaves that are uniform in shape and size. It is an upright, moderate to fast-growing variety with mid-early maturity and has great yield potential. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16). Adaptation: Its upright plant habit makes it a good choice for processing growers or fresh market growers.

Pronghorn (51-178)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: oriental type, very slow growing, smooth leaf, dark green color. Resistance: medium bolting resistance, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-14, 16, 19). Adaptation: suitable for the summer segment.

PV-1369—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: very dark green oblong pointed leaves, the growth speed of the oriental variety is medium fast. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16, 18).

PV-1435—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a rather slow growing oriental variety. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: more suitable for the warmer periods in spring and autumn.

PV-9210—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a fast growing oriental variety with dark green leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16, 18).

Racoon (51-317)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: an erect, vigorous, smooth leaved spinach variety with dark color and excellent texture. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16, 19). Adaptation: suitable for bunch or babyleaf production.

Red Snapper (51-810)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth oakleaf variety with red stem and petiole. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 9, 11-18). Adaptation: suitable for babyleaf production.

Red Tabby (51-809)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth red stem variety, slow growing, deep intense red stem color and red veins, darker green leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-13; intermediate resistance: Race 10). Similar: Red Kitten. Adaptation: suitable for babyleaf production.

Regiment—Breeder: Bejo. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: vigorous plants, lightly savoyed leaves with a distinctive arrowhead shape and bright medium green finish. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-7, 11, 13, 15-16, 18). Adaptation: works well in seasonal slots.

Regor—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: thick leaves, dark green color, oval leaf shape, medium leaf size, fast growing, very stable, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: cool seasons.

Riverside—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: an uniform, very dark green, smooth, spade-shaped variety. It has a moderate growth rate with mid-maturity and an upright plant habit. Resistance: moderate bolting resistance, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 15-16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 12, 14). Adaptation: west coast U.S. for bunch, clip, babyleaf, fresh-market purposes.

Saga—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium dark green, oval to triangular leaves, vigorous growth. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 13, 15, 16). Adaptation: suitable for mid-early segment.

Salamander (51-363)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, lighter green leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-19; intermediate resistance: Race 10). Similar: Racoon. Adaptation: suitable for babyleaf production.

Santa Cruz—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a slow growing and slow bolting variety, the round leaves are medium dark green, the ratio between leaves and stems is high. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: suitable for processing spinach.

Sculptur—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: very thick leaves, very dark green color, upright plant structure, oval round leaf shape, high uniformity of the petiole, no cups with a little blistered leaves, medium growing, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-18). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

Seaside—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a very uniform baby leaf variety. It has a moderate growth rate and an upright plant habit with late maturity. Seaside has a smooth, thick, very dark green, spade-shaped leaf making it a good choice for baby leaf growers. Resistance: moderate bolting resistance, downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-11, 15-16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 12, 14). Adaptation: for bunch, clip, babyleaf, fresh-market purposes.

Serpens—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth and thick leaves, very dark green color, upright plant structure, oval pointed leaf shape, medium growing, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-6, 8-17, 19). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

Silverwhale (51-300)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, glossy, uniform leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-16, 18, 19; intermediate resistance: Race 10). Adaptation: a widely adapted main season hybrid.

Sioux—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: has a medium fast growth speed, the round semi-savoyed leaves are upright growing, the thick leaves have a dark green color. Sioux is known as a reliable, high producing variety. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-15, 17, 19).

Sonoma—Breeder: Pop Vriend. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: the leaves are medium green and have a high dry matter content, medium fast growth and bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 19). Adaptation: a very productive processing variety suitable for early and late sowings and overwintering in most regions.

Space—Breeder: Bejo. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium-green leaves are upright and smooth to slightly savoyed. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-3, 5-6, 8-9, 11-12, 14, 16, 19). Adaptation: a variety for all seasons.

Sportage (E03C. 1038)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium green color with uniform oval round leaf shape, leaves are semi savoy, good leaf thickness so giving high yields, stems are medium short, medium growing. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-17, 19). Adaptation: mainly in the transition slot. 2021.

Sunangel (51-719)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy leaves. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-9, 11-19; intermediate resistance: Race 10). Similar: Carmel.

SV1714VC—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, medium-dark green, erect, oval leaves, good balance between petiole and leaf length, fast-growth, maintains good leaf thickness, high yield potential, early maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-13, 15). Adaptation: a fast-growing front end and tail end variety; for both clip and bunch purposes.

SV1846VC (RX-06601846)—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds (Bernardus Baerendas). Parentage: F1. Characteristics: glossy, dark green, smooth leaves, ovate leaf shape with lobed base and round tip, short petiole, medium plant and leaf size, medium growth rate, mid-early bolting, smooth seed. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-14). Similar: Tonga. PVP# 201500060, issued 5/10/2017. 2014.

SV2146VB—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy, dark green leaves, semi-erect growth habit. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-13, 15, 16). Adaptation: early spring and late fall slots for baby and teen leaf products.

SV2157VB—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: semi-savoy, thick, dark green, oval leaves, erect growth habit, long petioles, medium maturity. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-13, 15, 16). Adaptation: coastal California and southwest desert regions of the U.S.

SV3580VC—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth, dark green leaves, good field holding. Resistance: downy mildew (Races 1-13, 15, 16). Adaptation: for spring and fall slots.

Tabit—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium thick leaves, good green color, oval pointed leaf shape, a little blistered leaves, upright plant structure, medium growing, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-19). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

Thor—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: early variety, medium late bolting, smooth triangular to pointed leaves, dark green, both stem and leaves have an upright growth habit. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-8, 11, 14-16).

Tragopan (51-185)—Breeder: Rijk Zwaan. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: oriental type, round leaf shape, upright growing, shiny leaf, dark green leaf color. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17). Adaptation: suitable for bunching.

Trailboss—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium to slow growing, smooth leaves, medium to dark green color, round oval leaf shape with a thick texture. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-16, 19). Adaptation: for transition period.

Traverse (E03D. 1062)—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium green color with uniform oval round leaf shape, semi savoy leaves, medium fast growing, good leaf thickness so giving high yields. Stems are medium short, so the variety is easy to harvest. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-16, 19; intermediate resistance: Races 17, 18). Adaptation: in the transition slot and summer season. 2021.

Tribute—Breeder: Sakata Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a very uniform baby leaf variety. It has a moderate growth rate and an upright plant habit with mid-maturity. It has a puckered leaf texture. Seaside has a smooth, dark green, oval round-shaped leaf making it a good choice for baby leaf growers. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14, 16). 2022.

Tundra—Breeder: Enza Zaden. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: a dark green, semi-savoyed spinach with excellent texture, slow growing. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-13, 15, 16, 18). Adaptation: for main season babyleaf production and is a good complement to Acadia as it provides 1-4 days earlier harvest.

USDA Red—Breeder: USDA-ARS, Salinas, California (Beiquan Mou). Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: semi-erect plant, smooth leaf surface, five-sided leaf shape with straight base and round-pointed tip, purple-red color on upper leaf surface, veins and stem, medium petiole length, medium growth rate, medium plant and leaf size, smooth seed. Similar: Bordeaux. Reference: HortScience 54: 2070-2072 (2019). PVP# 201900001, issued 6/24/2020. 2019.

Volans—Breeder: Nunhems. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: medium thick leaves, medium green color, uniform petiole length, oval round leaf shape, medium growing, medium bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15, 17, 18). Adaptation: temperate seasons.

Woodpecker—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: smooth-leaf variety with upright plants, medium dark green leaves, slow bolting. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-15). Adaptation: suitable for late spring and summer harvests.

Zisa—Breeder: Vilmorin. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: round to oval leaves, yields many uniform leaves, medium dark green, upright growth habit. Resistance: downy mildew (high resistance: Races 1-12, 14-16). Adaptation: suitable for baby leaf production.

SQUASH

Swati Shrestha and Geoffrey Meru

Horticultural Sciences Department and the Tropical Research and Education Center University of Florida 18905 SW 280 ST Homestead, FL 33031

898 Squash—Breeder: Cornell University (M. Mazourek). Vendor: Row 7 Seeds. Characteristics: Similar to Honeynut but with higher shelf life, 110 days to maturity. Similar: Honeynut. Adaptation: New York and Oregon.

Adelita—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: Ahern Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous open plants with dark green cylindrical zucchini 7-8 inches long, 45-60 days to maturity. Adaptation: West USA.

Amish Pie—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Heirloom winter squash originated in 1999 from Amish gardener of Maryland, fruit can weigh 60-80 ln, good for canning and making pies, 100-105 days to maturity.

Astia—Vendor: Territorial Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Early bearing and productive zucchini, numerous fruits at the base of the plant, lustrous glossy green Zucchini, 48 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Adaptation: Wide.

Atlas—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Seedway. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: High yielding, uniformly sized and shaped fruits. Mid maturing variety with light cream skin and dark orange flesh. Restricted vines, 110 days to maturity, fruits larger than waltham butternut. Adaptation: Wide.

Autumn Frost—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1 . Characteristics: Specialty butternut with uniformly ribbed fruits, flesh similar to butternut with superior flavor, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Avalon—Breeder: Hollar Seeds. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Early maturing (88 days), high yielding butternut squash. Orange flesh. Can be used for fresh market, processing, or peeling market. Adaptation: Wide.

Bakers Choice Marbled—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Butternut winter squash with long, round to oval and bulbous shape, sweet-flavored fruits with high sugar content, 90-100 days to maturity.

Black Coral—Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open bush plants for easy picking, high yielding, dark green colored tender fruits with firm white flesh, fruits best harvested when 15-20 cm long, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Blonde Beauty—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seed. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plants produces standard straight neck glossy yellow squash, 40 days to maturity.

Blue Habbard—Breeder: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Delicious, flavorful heirloom, bluish green rind and yellow flesh, 100 days to maturity.

Bocce—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plants with restricted vines, dark green round fruits about 4 inches in diameter, 55 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Bossa Nova—Breeder and vendor: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: 2015 All-American Selections Winner, compact plants with dark green and light green mottled fruits, 50-60 days to maturity. Resistance: PRSV, WMV, ZYMV.

Brice—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Round Zucchini with short internodes, and spiny plants, fruits 2.4-3.1 inches in diameter, 45-50 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV, CMV, powdery mildew. Adaptation: USA, Mexico.

Burgees Buttercup—Breeder: Burgess Seed & Plant Co. Vendor: Nature and Nurture Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Vining plants with medium sized fruits, 5-8 inches diameter, rind thin yet hard dark green and deep orange flesh, 95 days to maturity. Similar: Buttercup.

Burpee Golden Zucchini—Breeder: W. Atlee Burpee & Co. Vendor: Fordhook. Parentage: Zucchini x Bicolored Gourd. Characteristics: Bush type medium yielding summer squash, medium long cylindrical fruits, yellow skin with creamy flesh, 50-55 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Burpees Best Hybrid—Breeder: W. Atlee Burpee & Co. Vendor: W. Atlee Burpee Co. Characteristics: Early maturing zucchini, dark green cylindrical fruits 6-8 inches long, 40 days to maturity.

Butterbaby—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Mini butternut, tan skin and dark orange flesh, sweeter and higher storability than other butternuts, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Butterfly—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi bush plant produces uniformly sized traditional butternut shaped fruits, tan fruits with orange flesh, excellent for roadside and farmers market, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Butterkin—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Cross between butternut squash and pumpkin, flat scalloped shaped fruits with sweet flesh and smooth texture, 105 days to maturity.

Butternut 1744—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi bush plants produce light tan fruits slightly larger than butternut 900, approximately 3.25 lbs, 80 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Butternut 23—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Characteristics: Vine type plants produce buff colored uniform fruits with proportional neck to bulb ratio, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Butternut 900 F1—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Ideal variety for boxing market, semi bush plants, light tan rind and orange flesh, 80 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Butterscotch—Breeder: Johnny’s Selected Seeds and Cornell University. Vendor:Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: 2015 National All-American Selections Vegetable Award Winner, bred for extra sweetness and rich flavor, short vines, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Cavili—Vendor: Territorial Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Parthenocarpic summer squash, does not require bees for pollination, unique creamy fruits best when harvested 7-8 inches long, 48-50 days to maturity.

Chieftain PMT—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Early butternut hybrid, fruit with yellow rind and dark orange flesh perfect for roasting and stuffing, 80-100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Adaptation: Wide (North America).

Chiffon—Vendor: Territorial Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Beautiful light-yellow fruits with white flesh, excellent buttery flavor, upright bush type plants, 42 days to maturity.

Cometa—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Lebanese type summer squash, Bulb shaped medium green squash approximately 5 inches, 48 days to maturity.

Cornells Delicata—Breeder: Cornell University. Vendor: Plant World Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: 2002 All-American Selection Winner, rich, sugary flavored fruits, also called sweet potato squash because of its rich flavor, oblong cylindrical cream-colored fruits with green stripes, good for baking and stuffing, 100 days to maturity.

Cube of Butter—Vendor: Territorial Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Lemon yellow straightneck squash, open bush habit plants, fruits can be picked young or allowed to reach up to 10 inches, 50 days to maturity. Similar: Straight neck.

Delta—Vendor: Hollar Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous dense bush, fruits with typical crookneck shape, green stem and butter yellow flesh, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Yellow Crookneck.

Destiny III—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi crookneck squash, vigorous medium sized bush with green stem, medium sized yellow fruits, 41 days to maturity. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV. Adaptation: Southeast USA.

Early Prolific—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Co. Characteristics: Early maturing straightneck squash, creamy yellow skinned fruits 7-8 inches long, 50 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Easypick Gold —Vendor: Bonnie Plants. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Compact plants with no spines on the leaves and fruits, golden color cylindrical fruits, tastes delicious on grilling, stir frying or stuffing, 32 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Endeavor—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorously growing open plant, large cylindrical fruits medium dark green and glossy about 7 inches long, 45 days to maturity.

Envy— Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open upright plant, cylindrical green fruits up to 7 inches long, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, powdery mildew.

Equinox—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Upright plants with good cover, dark green cylindrical fruits 7-8 inches long, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV, powdery mildew.

Esteem—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Zucchini with dark green color and open bush plants for easy picking, 52 days to maturity. Resistance: Resistance: ZYMV, WMV, PRSV, powdery mildew.

Everglade—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Seedway. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open erect plants, high yield potential, medium-dark green fruits 6-7 inches in length, 43 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV, CMV,PRSV, powdery mildew. Adaptation: Eastern USA.

Festival Winter—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Beautiful multi-colored, semi bush squash with 1-2 lbs fruits, great flavor and yield, fruits with deep ridges and tapered ends, 90 days to maturity.

Fiesta—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plants with long cylindrical fruits 7 inches long fruits, 45 days to maturity.

Gabrielle—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: High yielding butternut squash, yellow skin with dark orange flesh, 95 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Garden Spineless—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Excellent home garden zucchini, open plants for easy picking, dark green long glossy fruits 7-8 inches long, 53 days to maturity.

Genesis—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Seedway. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: High yield, extra-large fruits with thick long neck and little to no ribbing, deep orange flesh, 100-110 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Adaptation: Wide.

Gold Star—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi crookneck squash, smooth glossy yellow skin, plant open and vigorous with reduced spines, 42 days to maturity. Resistance: CMV, powdery mildew. Adaptation: Wide.

Golden Glory—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open upright plants with reduced spines, golden bright yellow fruits 7-8 inches in diameter, 50 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV, powdery mildew.

Golden Hubbard—Breeder: J. J. Harrison of the Storrs & Harrison Company. Vendor: Reimer Seeds. Parentage: Heirloom, open pollinated. Characteristics: Golden Hubbard is tastiest of all hubbards, vigorous vines of 12-15 foot, deep orange fruits with greenish tan stripes at the blossom end, 105 days to maturity. 1898.

Golden Rod—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Long cylindrical slim yellowish zucchini fruit with creamy interior, intermediate plants, much reduced incidence of green ends, 51 days to maturity.

Golden Zebra—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Bright yellow medium sized summer squash with whitish stripes, 50-60 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Goldetti—Breeder: W. Atlee Burpee & Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Cylindrical golden orange winter squash with stringy flesh resembling pasta, space saving bush plants, 100 days to maturity. Similar: Spaghetti.

Goldfinch—Breeder: Johnny’s Selected Seeds (Lindsay Wyatt). Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plants, steady yield of tender yellow squash, 50 days to maturity.

Goldprize—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Uniform 6-7 inches fruits that are glossy, smooth and yellow, fruits with few spines, 50 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV.

Grandprize—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Straightneck squash that produces deep yellow fruits, erect semi-open plants, 42 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV,CMV,WMV, powdery mildew. Adaptation: Wide.

Green Griller Squash—Breeder and vendor: Bonnie Plants. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Green egg-shaped fruits in open bush plants, great for grilling, 40 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV.

Green Machine—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plant habit, moderate spines in the plant, straight cylindrical 7-8 inches long fruits, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, powdery mildew.

Green Zebra—Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Hybrid Zucchini variety with dark green and light green stripes, fruits taste best when harvested at 5-7 inches length, bush type plants, 50 days to maturity.

Grenade—Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Hybrid Zucchini produces bright yellow, egg shaped fruits, spineless plants, 40 days to maturity. Resistance: Squash Mosaic Virus, Watermelon Mosaic Virus.

Grey Zucchini—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: Nutrien Ag Solutions. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Bush type plants produce medium sized fruits of 7.1-7.9 inches, 56 days to maturity.

Harvest Moon—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Co. Characteristics: Greyish blue fruit with deep orange flesh, 10-15 lbs per fruit, long storage period, up to a full year, 90-100 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Havana Organic—Breeder and vendor: Vitalis Organic Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi vines with tan skin blocky fruits and dark orange flesh, 110-120 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Honey Bear—Breeder: University of New Hampshire (Dr. Brent Loy). Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: 2009 All-American Selection Winner, semi bush acorn squash with improved flavor, perfect size for single serving, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Acorn. Adaptation: Wide (North America).

Honeybaby —Vendor: Park Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: 2009 All-American Selection Winner, space saving compact plants, lightbulb shaped fruit, beige rind and dark orange flesh, sets up to 9 fruits per plant, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Adaptation: Wide.

Honeynut —Breeder: Cornell University (Michael Mazourek, Richard W. Robinson). Vendor: Harris Seeds. Characteristics: Mini butternut squash with semi vining plants, tan skin with orange flesh, 110 days to maturity. Parentage: F1. Resistance: powdery mildew. Adaptation: Northeast USA.

Iran Squash—Vendor: Mary’s Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Drought and Heat tolerant Iranian heirloom, vining, pumpkin like squash, single fruit can grow up to 50 lbs, silver green rind, 110 days to maturity.

Jester—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Great flavor and eye catching oval shaped fruits tapering at both ends, green, inter-rib striping in the fruit that contrasts nicely with the ivory background, 95 days to maturity. Similar: Delicata.

JWS 6823 OMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Classic butternut appearance, higher yield, uniform and shorter vines than waltham butternut, 100 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Butternut.

Kabocha—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Characteristics: Popular green skinned Japanese heirloom, rich yellow flesh, average fruit weight is 2.2 lbs, 85 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Kars Egg Squash—Vendor: Hudson Valley Seed Co. Characteristics: Originally for Kars region of Turkey this is egg like looking delicious squash, 40-50 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Kikuza—Vendor: Holmes seed company. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Japanese heirloom, vine plants, pumpkin-like heavily ribbed delicious squash, can grow up to 5lbs, 90-100 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Kurihomare—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Characteristics: Vigorous vines with large round fruits about 5.4-5.5 lbs, glossy green exterior and yellow flesh, 100 days to maturity. Parentage: F1. Similar: Kabocha.

Latino—Vendor: Territorial Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Romanesco type squash, open bush type plant for easy spotting and harvesting of fruits, dark and light green striped fruits, creamy colored flesh, 55 days to maturity.

Little Dipper—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Mini butternut squash bred for personalized size, weighs approximately 2lbs per fruit, bright orange skin and orange flavorful flesh, 100 days to maturity.

Long Island Cheese—Vendor: Holmes Seed Company. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Beautiful heirloom Long Island Cheese got its name as it resembles large wheel of cheese, dark orange rind and slightly ribbed squash, sweet delicate flavor, 90-100 days to maturity. Adaptation: Eastern USA.

Marrow Segev—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Small growth habit, good yield, spineless creamy green fruits, parthenocarpic variety no pollination needed, 47 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Mexican Grey—Vendor: Bonnie Plants. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Open plant habit, green fruits with grey speckles, 40-50 days to maturity. Resistance: Squash Leaf Curl Virus, ZYMV, PRSV, WMV. Adaptation: Wide.

Musquee de Provence (Fairytale)—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: French Winter Heirloom, Orange deeply lobed fruits average of 8-15 lbs, moderately sweet flesh, decorative, long-term storage, 125 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Narragansett—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Tan fruits with thick uniform neck and slightly bell shaped cavity, 105 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, powdery mildew.

Neck Pumpkin—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Characteristics: Long necked fruit with sweet tasting orange flesh, fruit can grow 24 to 30 inches long, 120 days to maturity. Similar: Butternut. Adaptation: Northeast USA, mostly Pennsylvania.

Orangeti—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Small medium sized, cylindrical oblong shaped squash, approximately two lbs per fruit, orange to dark yellow flesh that matches the exterior skin, 70 days to maturity. Similar: Spaghetti.

Pantheon—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Upright bush type plants with less spines, firm edible marketable flowers, ribbed zucchini, 50 days to maturity. Similar: Costata.

Partial Eclipse (Round Squash)—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: White scalloped shaped squash with green stripes, can be harvested immature when the skin is pale white or after maturity used as winter squash, decorative, 50-55 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Scallop.

Pascola—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Upright, open, spineless plants, uniform dark green cylindrical fruits about 7 inches long, 42 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, CMV, WMV, powdery mildew. Adaptation: Hot and humid weather.

Patio Star—Vendor: Territorial Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Excellent for growing on pots, attractive dark green color cylindrical fruits with creamy flesh, 50 days to maturity. Similar: Courgette. Adaptation: Wide.

Payload—Breeder: Syngenta Seeds. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Medium green colored fruits, plants with reduced spines, 43 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV,CMV,WMV, powdery mildew.

Peanut Squash—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Peanut like bumps cover the entire fruit, French market popular squash, exceptional flavor, 95-100 days to maturity.

Pinnacle—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi-bush squash allowing higher plant density, fruit ripens to bright yellow color, 85 days to maturity. Similar: Spaghetti.

Polaris—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Vigorous plants with medium sized smooth tan fruits and bright orange flesh, good tolerance to cracking, 100-110 days to maturity. Similar: Butternut.

Quantum—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Vendor: Seedway. Characteristics: Vigorous plants, uniform shape and size of fruits, thick neck with small seed cavity, great tasting butternut squash, 100-110 days to maturity. Parentage: F1. Similar: Butternut.

Reno Acorn Squash—Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Great for dense planting, compact squash, highly productive, classic acorn shape about 5 inches in diameter, green rind with orange flesh, 70 days to maturity.

Respect—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plants for easy picking, medium dark zucchini, cylindrical fruits, 49 days to maturity. . Resistance: PRSV, WMV, ZYMV, powdery mildew.

Reward—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV, CMV, Powdery Mildew. Adaptation: Wide. Characteristics: Open plants, easy to pick, medium-dark green fruits, 49 days to maturity.

Ronde De Nice—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Round little French heirloom summer squash, bush plant with great yield, light green globes and yellow flesh, 45-50 days to maturity.

San Isidro—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Darker gray, club shaped fruits, open erect plants with reduced spines, 6-7 inches long fruits, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, powdery mildew.

Scallop Early White (Patty Pan)—Vendor: Urban Farmer. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Heirloom summer squash, first cultivation by native Americans dates back to 1591, attractive white scallop shaped fruits, one of the best tasting and yielding squash, easy to grow, less bothered by insect and diseases, 47 days to maturity.

Smooth Criminal—Breeder: University of New Hampshire. Vendor: Park Seeds Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Indeterminate plants, growing upright setting fruits in the central stem, less spiny plants, bright yellow cylindrical fruits, 55 days to maturity. Adaptation: Southern USA.

Starry Night PMR—Breeder: Johnny’s Selected Seeds (Lindsay Wyatt and Rob Johnston). Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Unique pixelated color pattern, acorn shape, 95 days to maturity. Similar: Acorn.

Stella Blue—Vendor: Hudson Valley Seed Co. Characteristics: Medium sized winter squash, 3-4 lbs per fruit, heirloom reselected by Bill Reynolds, 100 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Success PM—Breeder: Cornell University. Vendor: Fruition Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Smooth yellow summer squash growing in compact bushes, 50 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew. Similar: Early Prolific Straightneck. Adaptation: Northeast USA.

Summerpac—Vendor: Park Seeds Co. Characteristics: Spineless bush type plants, adapted for higher temperatures, yellow colored 5-6 inches crookneck, 47 days to maturity. Similar: Crookneck.

Sunburst —Vendor: Hoss Tools. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Hybrid patty pan with nutty flavor, bright yellow fruits green ring in center and scalloped edges, 50 days to maturity. Adaptation: Wide.

Sunshine Squash—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Characteristics: 2004 All-American Selection Winner, vigorous short vines, smooth, bright, tender, sweet orange flesh, 95 days to maturity.

Sunstripe—Vendor: Territorial Seed Co. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open habit bush plants, lemon yellow colored zucchini with cream stripes, tender skin, ivory white flesh, 50 days to maturity. Similar: Zucchini. Adaptation: Wide.

SV0474YG—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: Nutrien Ag Solutions. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Open plants with green colored straight uniform fruits 7.1-7.9 inches long, 35-45 days to maturity. Resistance: CMV, WMV, ZYMV, powdery mildew. Adaptation: Southeast USA.

Symphony—Breeder and vendor: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Large, open, vigorous plants, medium-dark green glossy fruits, 45 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, WMV.

Taybelle Squash—Breeder: Seminis Vegetable Seeds. Vendor: BWI. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Hybrid squash variety maturing earlier than other acorn, semi bush, heart shaped fruits approximately 6 inches long, matures from dark green to jet black, 80 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew.

Tiana—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Uniform symmetrical shaped butternut with thick neck, ample flesh and tan skin, excellent storage capacity, 90 days to maturity. Resistance: ZYMV, powdery mildew.

Tiptop PMR—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Resistance: powdery mildew. Characteristics: Flavorful acorn, vigorous semi bush with green colored classis acorn shaped fruits, 92 days to maturity.

Tribute—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Harris Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Compact plants with open habit, medium dark green zucchini, 50 days to maturity. Resistance: PRSV, ZYMV, WMV, powdery mildew.

Tromboncino Squash—Vendor: Turtletree seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Italian Heirloom, fruits are green to tan and can grow up to three ft long in vigorous vine, 60 days to maturity.

Ugly Dumpling—Breeder and vendor: Rupp Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi bush plant with tan, green striped fruits approximately 1 lbs, one of the best tasting winter squash, 100 days to maturity.

Waldo—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Resistance: Powdery Mildew. Characteristics: Fruit size between JWS 6823 and Waltham Butternut 3-4 lbs per fruit, vigorous plants, 100 days to maturity.

Winter Sweet—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Distinct light grey rind with charcoal mottle, sweet winter squash with flaky texture, 95 days to maturity. Similar: Kabocha.

Yellow Crookneck—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: OP. Characteristics: Heirloom summer squash with bright yellow skin, tender whitish flesh with mild sweet flavor, 60 days to maturity.

Yellowfin—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Semi open plants, attractive golden yellow cylindrical fruits, 50 days to maturity. Resistance: powdery mildew, CMV.

Yokohoma—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seed. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Heirloom introduced to USA from Japan by James Hogg of Yorkville, New York, round and flattened fruits with large depression at the stem end, dark green ribbed rind, 100 days to maturity. Similar: Hubbard.

Zephyr—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Unique appearance of fruits which are slender yellow with faint stripes and light green blossom ends, harvest at 4-6 inches is ideal, 54 days to maturity.

Zodiac—Breeder: Sakata Seed America. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Unique, elongated butternut, easier to peel and cut than traditional butternut, medium sized fruits, 4-6 lbs long, 110 days to maturity. Similar: Butternut.

Zucchini Elite—Breeder: HM Clause. Vendor: Ferry Morse. Parentage: F1. Characteristics: Easy to grow squash, cylindrical fruits, medium green skin 6-8 inches long, 55 days to maturity.

SWEET CORN

William F. Tracy and Katie Peterman

Department of Agronomy 364c Moore Hall 1575 Linden Drive University of Wisconsin-Madison Madison, WI 53706

#MS1074Y—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc. Characteristics: This high quality, yellow, sweet corn, has good tip fill and rowing. This medium plant has good flags and a dark green tight husk. This variety has a 78-day maturity and is 8.75x2 inch ear size. 2016.

007R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: yellow type. With 74 days to maturity, this sh2 type cylindrical sweet corn has good tip fill and measures app. 8.5 inches. It has dark green husk growing on a strong, vigorous plant has resistance (hr) rp1g. 2010.

1760MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.–PA. Characteristics: Market Fresh, Regions: Se, Mx, China, Maturity: 82 Days, Type: Sh2, Row Count: 16-18, Ear Size: 7.5-8”, Ear Shape: Cylindrical, Ear Package: Very dark husk with numerous flags, great husk protection, Kernel Color: White, Plant Size: Medium, Disease Tolerance: (Hr)Ps, (Ir) Et, Bm,Pst, Very strong plant and desirable ear package, great kernel color and tip fill, good eating quality. 2012.

2001MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: 74-day maturity, a white SSW(R) type with 8” ear, excellent flags and husk package growing on medium sized plant. Resistance: (HR) Rp1G, Rp1I; (IR) NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

2012MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: SSW(R) bicolor sweet corn has 8.5” ear and matures in app. 73 days. With excellent flags and husk package, this variety grows on a medium sized plant. Resistance: (Hr) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB and SCLB. 2010.

20173 XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seed. 2012.

2182MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 79 day; Type: sh2; Row Count: 18; Ear Size: 8-9”; Kernel Color: bi-color; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk, excellent flags and husk protection; Plant Size: medium; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps;(IR) Et, Bm. 2014.

2182MR IMP—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: maturity: 79 days; ear size: 8”; ear shape: cylindrical; kernel color: bicolor. 2016.

2340—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.-PA. Characteristics: super sweet, bi-color sweet corn, maturity in 76 days, cylindrical shape, plant size is med/tall, row count is 18 with excellent flags and husk pkg. 2011.

2760MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.–PA. Characteristics: Market Fresh, Regions: Se, China, Mx, Maturity: 82 Days, Type:Sh2, Row Count: 16-18, Ear Size:8.5”, Ear Shape; Cylindrical, Ear Package: Dark husk and excellent, tight husk protection, Kernel Color: Bi-Color, Plant Size: Medium, Disease Tolerance: (Hr)Ps, (Ir) Et, Bm, Pst, Very strong plant and desirable ear package, great kernel color and tip fill, good eating quality. 2012.

3080MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb-PA. Characteristics: yellow type, 80-day maturity, ear length 8.5 inches, ear shape is cylindrical, ear package is dark husk. Plant size is medium/short. Very strong plant, good eating quality. Great kernel color and tip fill. 2011.

3081mr—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.-PA. Characteristics: 79-day maturity. 8-inch ear size. Cylindrical ear shape. Dark husk, smaller flags and good husk protection. Yellow kernel color. Medium to short plant size. 2013.

3157BC—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: With maturity at app. 78 days, this high quality cylindrical bicolor sweet corn measures app. 8 inches. The dark green husk has excellent protection on a medium plant. 2010.

3181MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.-PA. Characteristics: market fresh, Region: Se, Mx, S. Ca, Maturity 80 Days, Type: Sh2, Row Count: 16-18, Ear Size 7.5-7.75, Ear Shape: Cylindrical, Ear Package: Great husk protection and flags, dark husk, Kernel Color: Yellow, Plant Size: Medium, Disease Tolerance: (Hr)Ps, Pst, (Ir) Et, Bm. Strong, stay green plant, dark husk, plentiful flags, excellent tip fill, good eating quality. 2012.

3182MR—Breeder and Vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.-Pa. Characteristics: 82-day maturity. 9-inch ear size. Cylindrical ear shape. Dark green husk cover and long and numerous flags. Yellow kernel color. Medium to tall plant. 2013.

3187MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 81 Days; Type: sh2; Row Count: 16; Ear Size: 9”; Ear Shape: Cylindrical; Ear Package: Dark husk, great husk protection; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: tall; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps, (IR) Et/Ht1. better germination and vigor, improved rust and NCLB resistance, maintains ear size in the fall and winter growing seasons. 2015.

3188mr—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Codd-PA. Characteristics: Sh2 type, 81 Days to maturity, Row Count: 18, Ear Length: 8.5-9 Inches. Ear Package: Dark husk cover & numerous flags, Kernel Color: Yellow, Plant Size: Tall. 2013.

3550MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Days to Maturity: 75 days, Type: sh2, Row Count: 20-22; Ear Size: 9-9.5”; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: processor husk with good husk cover; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: medium; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps; (IR) Et, Pst. 2014.

3552R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 77 days; Type: sh2; Row Count: 18-20; Ear Size: 8.5-9.5”; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: processor husk protection, light husk color; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: tall; Disease Tolerance: (HR) MDMV, sturdy plant; big ear; HiGlow. Kernel Color; Excellent recovery potential. 2015.

3560RD—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 77 Days; Type: sh2; Row Count: 18-20; Ear Length: 8-9”; Ear Shape: Cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk with processor husk protection; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: Medium/Tall; Disease Tolerance: (HR) MDMV, (IR) Et, Bm, Ps. excellent kernel color, strong and thick plant with an attractive husk package. 2015.

3580MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: maturity 78 days; Sh2 type; ear size: 9.5”; ear shape: cylindrical; kernel color: yellow; plant size: 8.5’. 2016.

3590MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Days to Maturity: 82 days; Type: sh2; Row Count: 18-20; Ear Size: 8.5”; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk and good husk protection; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: medium; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps, Et, MDMV, Pst. 2014.

3780MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 82 days; Row Count: 18-20; Ear Size: 8.5”; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk, numerous flags, good husk protection; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: medium; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps, Et, MDMV, Pst, SRG. Plant and Husk; sturdy, dark green plant and dark husk; plentiful flags; good tip fill. 2015.

4002—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: New bicolor type, SSW(R) Has 77-day maturity with 8” ear. This bi-color variety has excellent flags and husk package growing on medium sized plant. 2010.

4055BC—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: bicolor type. 2010.

4106Y—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturing in App. 72 days, this high quality yellow sweet corn has a cylindrical ear measuring 7 1/4—7 1/2i inch. It has a tight, dark green husk with good flags & excellent eating quality. 2010.

65-43-08—Breeder and vendor: Pandia Seeds, Inc.-CA. 2013.

700—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This yellow hybrid sweet corn with excellent eating quality is a multi-sweet with 77-day maturity and an attractive 8.5-inch ear. It has excellent flags with dark green husks on a medium plant. 2010.

7002R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturing in 72 days, this sh2 type bicolor sweet corn has excellent flags and husk color with an ear size of app. 7.5”. It has an early season variety with high eating quality. Resistance: (Hr) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

710MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8” to 8.5” cylindrical ear of sh2 corn has a dark green husk with attractive flags and a yellow kernel color. It is a medium plant size. 2010.

7112R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This high-quality main season sweet corn has excellent bicolor kernel color and quality with good flags and husk package in a dark green color. With 73-day maturity, the 8” ear grows on a tall, clean single stalk. Resistance: (HR) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

730Y—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: 77 day maturing high quality yellow sweet corn is cylindrical in shape measuring app. 8.5 inches. It has a good husk length & flags as well as good tip fill on a medium/tall plant with moderate sw, nclb resistance. It is a productive variety with excellent eating quality. 2010.

7401—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This 75-day maturing, sh2 type with 8” ear in dark green husk that has excellent package and flags. This white ear grows on a medium/short, clean plant. In addition to an excellent ear package, it has an excellent kernel color eating quality. Resistance: (HR) MDMV. 2010.

7401 Imp—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc.–PA. Characteristics: Market fresh, Regions: Ca,Jp,Mw, Prc, Days To Maturity: 74, Type:Sh2, Row Count: 16-18, Ear Size 8”, Ear Shape: Cylindrical, Ear Package: Dark husk, good husk protection, many flags, Kernel Color: White, Plant Size: Medium, Disease Tolerance: (Hr) Mdmv, Improved version of variety 7401, improved vigor and seed quality. 2012.

7402- Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturing in app. 73 Days, This HQ type with 8.5” ear has excellent bi-color kernel contrast with exceptional eating quality. Growing on a medium, sturdy plant, it has an attractive package. 2010.

7473RY—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8” cylindrical ear of sh2 corn has a dark husk, great flags with excellent husk protection and a yellow kernel color. It has a medium plant with excellent eating quality with a strong disease package, bright yellow kernels and is a durable consistent performer. 2010.

7602MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8.5” cylindrical ear of sh2 corn has excellent husk protection with a dark husk color, large flags and bi-color kernel. It has a medium plant, has sturdy plant, with attractive ear package and great taste with high yield potential and excellent disease package. 2010.

7701—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This sh2 type sweet corn averages 78-day maturity on a short/compact plant. The variety has an excellent dark green husk package with plentiful flags. This offers bright white kernel color with superior eating quality, excellent rowing and ear package. Resistance: (HR) MDMV. 2010.

7712MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This 78-day maturity, sh2 type bicolor sweet corn with 7.75-8” ear. Has a large dark husk and numerous flags in an excellent husk package. It has a strong, medium sized plant and excellent kernel color and eating quality, high yield potential. Resistance: (HR) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

7802r—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This 76 day maturing, sh2 type bicolor sweet corn, Measures 7.5”. Growing on a medium/tall plant, it has dark husk color with good length & plentiful flags, with excellent yield potential & superior eating quality. Resistance: (HR) Rp1d, NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

7811mr—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This 80-day maturing, white sh2 type sweet corn, grows to app. 8.25” with a dark green, good husk package & flags. It grows on a medium sized plant. It is a consistent field performer with high yield. Resistance: (HR) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB, SCLB 2010.

7900R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8-inch cylindrical ear of this sh2/hq type yellow sweet corn matures in 79 days. It has a good, dark husk with excellent flags growing on a medium sized, study plant. This variety has excellent yields, great kernel color & quality. It is a grower friendly sweet corn. Resistances: (hr) rp1g, rp1i, (ir) nclb and sclb, 2010.

7902R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Sh2 bicolor type, Days to maturity is 79, Row count 16-18, Ear size: 8 inch, Ear shape: cylindrical, Ear package: dark husk with plentiful flags. great husk cover, Plant size: medium. refined ear, good kernel color, excellent tip fill, straight rows, high yields. 2011.

7920MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This Sh2/HQ type yellow sweet corn has 79-day maturity. It is cylindrical in shape with a good, dark husk & excellent flags. Its medium, sturdy plant produces excellent yields with great kernel color & quality. Grower friendly. Resistance: (HR) Rp1g, Rp1i: (IR) NCLB & SCLB. 2010.

7922MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This grower friendly sh2 type bicolor sweet corn has 80 day maturing measuring 8.3—8.8”. Good husk package with dark green husk on a tall, study plant. This high yielding variety has excellent kernel color, good eating quality. Resistance: (HR) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

7930—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8” to 8.5” cylindrical ear of sh2 corn has excellent flags and husk color and a yellow kernel color. It is a medium/tall plant with excellent shipper package and a high potential with good eating quality. 2010.

7932MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: This 78-day maturing, sh2 type bicolor sweet corn has 8” ear in dark green husk with good husk package. This high yielding variety grows on a medium/tall sturdy plant. This is a grower friendly variety with excellent kernel color and great eating quality. Resistance: (HR) Rp1g, Rp1i; (IR) NCLB, SCLB. 2010.

7935BC—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Bicolor, has a dark green husk package with excellent quality and tenderness, is great for roadside markets. This cylindrical sh2 type sweet corn is app. 8.5 inches, with 75-day maturity and dark green husk with excellent protection and plentiful flags on a medium, very sturdy, clean plant. 2011.

7935BC IMP—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Fresh market, 77-day maturity, row count is 18-20, ear size is 8.5 inches, and has cylindrical ear shape, and dark husk, kernel color is bi-color, and plant size is medium. 2016.

7942MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8” cylindrical ear of sh2 corn has a dark husk, excellent flags and a bi-color kernel. It has a medium plant, strong compact plant with excellent kernel color, high yields and a good eating quality. 2010.

7952MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Bicolor, has a dark green husk package with excellent cover and flags. It’s very sweet cylindrical ear ideal for fresh market, measures app. 8.5 inches has excellent tip. With 81-day maturity on medium sized dark green sturdy plant. 2011.

8120—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8.5” cylindrical ear of sh2 corn has a dark husk, good flags and yellow kernel color. 2010.

8311RY—Breeder and Vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: The 8.5” to 9” cylindrical ear of sweet corn has excellent flags and husk with yellow kernel color and a tall plant. 2010.

8901Y—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Has a 70 day maturity and an 8.5 inch cylindrical ear and a dark husk with great protection. This grower friendly variety is a first early yellow with great vigor and high eating quality. Grows on a tall plant. 2011.

8902MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: 80-day maturity. Sh2 type 16-18 row count, 8-inch ear size, cylindrical ear shape, dark husk, excellent flags and husk protection. Bi-color kernel color. Medium plant. Strong dark plant, excellent disease package, high yields. 2012.

8902MR IMP—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: for fresh market. 81-day maturity. sh2 type. 16 row count. 9” ear length. Cylindrical shape. Ear Package: Dark husk, great husk protection. bicolor kernel color. Tall plant size. Disease Tolerance. Its ‘8902mr’ with better rust resistance. 2013.

8909MRW—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: A 79-day hybrid sweet corn, sh2 type measures 8.5 inches. This white variety has dark husk with excellent flags and exceptional husk protection and grows on a medium plant. 2011.

Accomplish—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-Pa. 2017.

Adamant—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: Yellow Su1, processing. 2020.

Affinity—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type. 75 days bicolor. 2016.

Alliance—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type. 80 days yellow. 2017.

Allrounder—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: Bicolor Sh2 type. Processing/fresh market. 2021.

Allure—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research, Inc-Ny. Characteristics: 75 Day synergistic bicolor, 8-8.5 X 2 inch ear, high quality. 2011.

Alto—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: Triple sweet type. 2014.

Amanecer F-1—Breeder and vendor: Pandia Seeds, Inc-Ca. 2017.

American Beauty—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 77 day, White, Sh2. 2018.

American Dream—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 77 day, bicolor. 2016.

Anthem II- Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: 72 days, bicolor sweetcorn. 2015.

Anthem XR- Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Bicolor, Sh2, 73 days. 2018.

Ap358—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-Id. 2012.

Ap426—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-Id. 2012.

Apollo—Breeder and vendor: Plennegy (Pty) Ltd—South Africa. 2018.

Aspire—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: Triplesweet type. 2015.

Astronaut—Breeder and vendor: HSR Seeds-Australia. 2010.

Aubade—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research-NY. Characteristics: 78 day Sh2 yellow, 8-8.5 inch ear, 16-18 row count, 7’ tall plant, refined look, bright yellow. 2014.

Awesome XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seed. 2012.

Baby Costeno—Breeder and vendor: Pandia Seeds, Inc-Ca. 2020.

Bambino—Breeder and vendor: Pandia Seeds, Inc.-CA. 2013.

Bandero—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Characteristics: Sh2 white type, a high quality white fresh market super sweet corn with 74-day maturity, average ear length of 19 cm and average 16 row count. 2010.

Battalion—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: Super sweet type. 2012.

Bc0528—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: Triple sweet type. 2015.

Bc0822—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Mn. Characteristics: Triplesweet sweet corn. 2010.

Big N’ Tender—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: an 80 day synergistic bicolor with large 8.5” X 2.25” ears, 16-18 row count, strong tip fill, and very tender pericarp. Resistance: Disease tolerance includes stewarts wilt, northern corn leaf blight, and common rust. 2018.

Biscayne—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co-Ca. Parentage: Hybrid Sweet Corn. Characteristics: white, mid-season (77 Day) shrunken-2 hybrid sweet corn for fresh market. Good plant type, yield and tip fill. 2012.

Bi-Sweet—Breeder and vendor: Charter Seed Company, Inc-Id. Characteristics: Bicolor type. 2012.

Bling—Breeder and vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Inc-Vt. 2012.

Blueback—Breeder and vendor: Hm Clause, Inc-Ca. Characteristics: Sugary type. 2020.

Bondi—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Characteristics: supersweet (Sh2) yellow type, 79 days maturity, dual purpose, adaptable for fresh markets. 2014.

Boom—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-Id. Characteristics: yellow type. 2015.

Braveheart—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2021.

Breza—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2012.

Bright White—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-Id. Characteristics: white type, augmented shrunken fresh market sweet corn. 2012.

BSS 5362—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet type. 2011.

BSS0761- Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2015.

BSS1075—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2015.

BSS1394—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds-Id. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2016.

BSS2542—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: 81-day bicolor sh2 fresh market shipper type. 2019.

BSS8021—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds-Id. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2016.

Bullet XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: yellow Sh2 type. 76 days. 2019.

Bullion. Breeder and vendor: Hm Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: yellow type, 80 days. 2015.

Cabo—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2014.

Cadence XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type. 2020.

Caliber- Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type. 2016.

Candice—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, yellow, relative maturity 76 days. 2016.

Canyon—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-Id. Characteristics: Processing type. 2020.

Cash—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. 2015.

Catalyst XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 66 day, bicolor, Sh2. 2018.

Caucasus—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: Sh2 yellow type. 2021.

Chowder -Breeder and vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Inc-VT. 2016.

Cindy—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, fresh market, yellow, relative maturity 77 days. 2016.

Clifton 671bc—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. Characteristics: bi-color type. 2021.

Coastal—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause-Ca. Characteristics: fresh market bicolor high quality Shrunken-2. 2018.

Conductor—Breeder and vendor: Hm Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: 85 days. 2015.

Coronado- Breeder and vendor: Hm Clause-CA. Characteristics: Shrunken-2 type. 2018.

Courage MXR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor type, 82 day, Sh2. 2019.

Crave—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: temperate bicolor Sh2. 2019.

Cumberland- Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Characteristics: bicolor type. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: supersweet corn, 77 days to maturity. Resistance: Highly disease-resistant to Ps (Rp1-G). 2014.

Cuppa Joe—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research, Inc-NY. Characteristics: 73 day synergistic bicolor, 8-8.5 inches X 1.8 inch ear, 14-16 row count. 2011.

Daytona—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-Id. 2016.

Delphy—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran, Inc-Ca. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: yellow type, supersweet, relative maturity 81 days. 2015.

Divine—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 75 day white Sh2. 2017.

Dolce—Breeder and vendor: Lark Seeds International-CA. 2011.

Driver—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: yellow type, 79 days. 2015.

Early Riser—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2016.

Easy Money—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: bicolor type, synergistic for fresh market. 2011.

Eden—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. 2014.

El Presidente XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor type. 2020.

Elle—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, fresh market, yellow, relative maturity 78 days. 2016.

Embrace—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Sh2 processing. 2021.

Endurance MXR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: white Sh2 type. 2020.

Epiphany—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2020.

Escalate—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. 2016.

Espresso—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research-NY. Characteristics: 70 day synergistic bi-Color, 8x2” ear, 16-18 row. 2010.

Essence—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research, Inc-NY. Characteristics: 78 day synergistic bicolor. 808.5x2 inch ear, 16-18 row. 6.5-foot plant, very tender. 2012.

Euphoria—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-Id. Characteristics: bicolor augmented shrunken for fresh market. 2016.

Everglades—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2016.

Evolution—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: synergistic type. 2020.

EX 08735590 R—Breeder and vendor: Seminis/Monsanto-CA. Characteristics: Shrunken yellow type. Measures 8-8.5 inches (20.3-21.6 cm) by 2-inch diameter (5 cm) and 16-18 rows of kernels. Comparable to: Super Sweet Jubilee. 2010.

EX 08767143—Breeder and vendor: Semins/Monsanto—CA. 2010.

Expedition XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor Sh2 type. 2020.

Fantastic XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seed. 2012.

Farm Fresh—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2012.

Farmer’s First—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2016.

Flagler—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause-CA. Characteristics: Shrunken-2 type. 2018.

Forerunner—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Sh2 type, processing/fresh market. 2021.

Freedom MXR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type, 73 days. 2017.

Gallant MXR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type. Yellow. 2020.

Generator—Breeder and vendor: Hm Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: 84 days. 2015.

Genesis—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: Early season (74 day) yellow sugary-1 type sweet corn mainly for processing, canning, and freezing. Large ear and good kernel color. 2012.

Gh3333—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: processing sweet type. 2012.

Gh9394—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: processing sweet type. 2013.

Glacial—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2013.

Godangok—Breeder and vendor: Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. 2020.

Goldfinger—Breeder and vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Inc-VT. 2012.

Grampian—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Su1 type. 2018.

Grandeur—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Sh2 processing. 2020.

Grizzly—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2019.

GSS1170—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2015.

GSS1453—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet type. 2011.

GSS1986—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet type. 2011.

GSS2130—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-Id. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2015.

GSS3071—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet type. 2014.

GSS3951—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet type. 2014.

GSS7877—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet type. 2015.

GSS8937—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds. Characteristics: supersweet type. 2017.

Hardi—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. 2013.

Hercules—Breeder and vendor: Plennegy (Pty) Ltd—South Africa. 2012.

Hero XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc-IL. Characteristics: 70 day bicolor Sh2. 2016.

HM 6384—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: Hybrid.

Characteristics: a Su1 sweet corn with good eating quality and exception disease resistance. 2011.

Honey Gold 1ho—Breeder and vendor: Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea. 2020.

Honey Pack—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb-PA. Characteristics: 79-day maturity, high quality, row count is 16-18, Ear Size: 8.25 inches, yellow kernel color, cylindrical ear shape, plant size is medium. 2015.

Honeycomb—Breeder and vendor: Lark Seeds International-CA. 2011.

Honor—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc. 2015.

Hotham—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: white Sh2 type, processing/fresh market. 2021.

HR Oro—Breeder and vendor: Pandia Seeds, Inc-CA. 2013.

Icon XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 yellow type. 2020.

Ignition—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: augmented shrunken bicolor type. 2020.

Illusion—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research-NY. Characteristics: 72 days synergistic white. 7.5-8 inch X 1.9 inch ear, high quality. 2011.

Impress—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Sh2 processing. 2021.

Inferno—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research, Inc-NY. Characteristics: 74 day synergistic yellow, 8 X 1.8 inches, 14-16 row, 5-foot-tall plant with bright purple tassel. 2011.

Integrity—Breeder and vendor: Crookam Company, Inc.-ID. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: yellow synergistic type. 2011.

Jackie—Breeder and vendor: Mesa Maize-CO. 2010.

Jaws—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2015.

Journey—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc.-ID. Characteristics: bicolor type. 2012.

Kamet—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: processing Sh2 yellow, relative maturity 78 days. Resistance: Ir: Et, Mdmv, Ps (Rp1-E). 2021.

Kate—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Characteristics: Shrunken-2, fresh market, bicolor, relative maturity 77 days. 2016.

Kickoff XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Characteristics: 70 day bicolor Sh2. 2016.

Kiewa—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: bicolor Sh2 type. 2018.

King Kool—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2010.

Klondike—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: yellow, main season (83 day) shrunken-2 sweet corn mainly for processing, canning, and freezing. Good disease resistance package and excellent kernel color. 2012.

Kodiak—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2021.

Kokopelli—Breeder and vendor: Mesa Maize-CO. 2010.

Kopa—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause-CA. Characteristics: Shrunken-2 type, processing, yellow, relative maturity 79 Days, disease resistance: Ir: Et. 2018.

Leadoff—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 69 Day, white, Sh2 sweet corn. 2018.

Lily—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, white, relative maturity 76 days. 2016.

Little John—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 78 day, yellow, Sh2. 2019.

Mach XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 67 day, bicolor, Sh2. 2018.

Marquette—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Co-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: Early mid-season (76 day) shrunken-2 hybrid sweet corn for fresh market. Good yield, ear package and fill tip. 2012.

Massif—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Su1 type. 2018.

Melissa—Breeder and vendor: Lark Seeds International-CA. 2011.

Melody—Breeder and vendor: Lark Seeds International-CA. 2011.

Meteor—Breeder and vendor: HSR Seeds-Australia. 2013.

Milky Way—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. 2015.

Mint—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: yellow, shrunken-2, supersweet. 77 days to maturity. Resistance: intermediate disease resistance to: Et (Northern Corn Leaf Blight), Mdmv (Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus), Ps (Common Rust). 2014.

Mirai 80957b—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2012.

Mirai Instapik—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2015.

Mirai Maker—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2015.

Mirai Mentor—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2015.

Mirai Meridian—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2015.

Mirai Moon—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2015.

Mirai Storm—Breeder and vendor: Centest, Inc-CO. 2015.

Mission Vx—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 75 day bicolor Sh2. 2018.

Momentum—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: augmented shrunken bicolor type. 2020.

Moonlit—Breeder and vendor: Lark Seeds International-CA. 2011.

Mosaic—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2011.

Munition—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-MN. Characteristics: supersweet type sweet corn. 2010.

Natalie—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, white, relative maturity 72 days. 2016.

Natural Bright—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 73 day white kernel Sh2. 2019.

Natural Delight—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2013.

Natural Sweet XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 74 day bicolor Sh2. 2018.

Nicole—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Type: Shrunken-2. Characteristics: Shrunken-2 type, white, relative maturity 72 days. 2016.

Obsession II—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2011.

Octane—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: augmented shrunken bicolor type. 2020.

On Deck—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company–PA. 2012.

Ontario—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2020.

Owatonna—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Characteristics: Early season (74 day) yellow shrunken-2 sweet corn hybrid for processing, canning and freezing. Strong plant, large ear and good canning and frozen kernel color. Resistance: northern corn leaf blight and maize dwarf mosaic virus. 2012.

Passion II—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2011.

Pay Dirt—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: fresh market bicolor synergistic type. 2010.

Perfect Picnic—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2010.

Picasso—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research-NY. Characteristics: 78 day synergistic bicolor, red plant, 8” ear, 14-16 rows tender high sugars. 2016.

Pickett—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc-IL. Characteristics: bicolor type. 2010.

Piscataway—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: white type, supersweet, 70 days to maturity, no disease resistance. 2014.

Piston—Breeder and vendor: Hm Clause-CA. Characteristics: processing market Sh2. 2018.

Placer—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: white type, supersweet, 77 days to maturity. Resistance: intermediate resistance to Mdmv. 2014.

Platinum XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: white Sh2 type, 80 day. 2019.

Powwow—Breeder and vendor: Mesa Maize-CO. 2010.

Prestige XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc-IL. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: Sh2, 77-79 day, bi-color sweet corn. 2015.

Primus—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-MN. Characteristics: triplesweet type sweet corn. 2010.

Producer—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Inc-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: yellow, sugary-1 type, relative maturity 83 days, Resistance: Ir: Et, Ps. 2015.

Profit—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: fresh market bicolor synergistic type. 2010.

Progression—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: synergistic type. 2020.

Protector—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2012.

Qhy1041r—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2011.

Quick Trip—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: Early maturity bicolor attribute II triplesweet. 2019.

Raquel—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, bicolor, relative maturity 74 days. 2016.

Redemption XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor, Sh2. 2020.

Rembrandt—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: triplesweet type sweet corn. 2011.

Remedy—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. 2015.

Rendezvous—Breeder and vendor: Mesa Maize-CO. 2010.

Resolve VX—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 72-day white sh2 sweet corn. 2017.

Rosie—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause. Characteristics: Shrunken-2, bicolor, relative maturity 74 days. 2016.

Rubicon—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: yellow Sh2. 2018.

Salute XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor Sh2 type. 2020.

Salyna—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2013.

Satisfaction—Breeder and vendor: Rispens Seeds, Inc.-IL. 2012.

SC1102—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company–MO. 2012.

SC1336—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company–MO. 2012.

Seminole Gold—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 80 day, yellow, Sh2 sweet corn. 2018.

Seminole Sweet—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 78 day bicolor Sh2. 2017.

SHY6RHBE322—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2021.

SHY6S14VX09—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2021.

SHY6S159078LP—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2021.

SHY6SLAZ401—Breeder and Vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2020.

Signature XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 72 day, bicolor, Sh2. 2018.

Silver Duchess—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: fresh market bicolor synergistic. 2010.

Silver Thunder—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: 82-day sh2 augmented white, 8-8.5” ear, 16-18 row count, very tender pericarp. Resistance: intermediate resistance to common rust, stewarts wild, and northern corn leaf blight. 2018.

Snack Pack—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2013.

Snogum—Breeder and vendor: HSR Seeds-Australia. Characteristics: white type. 2010.

Snow Basin—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-ID. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2012.

Snow Pack—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. Characteristics: 77-day maturity, white kernel color, 8-inch ear size, cylindrical, good flags and excellent husk protection. 2015.

Sorel—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: Shrunken-2 type. 2020.

Spellbound—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: A 76 Day synergistic bicolor, small kernel, 18-20 row count, 8-8.5” x 1.8” wide ear, very tender with high sugars. Resistance: intermediate resistance to common rust, stewarts wilt, northern corn leaf blight. 2018.

Spotfire—Breeder and vendor: HSR Seeds-Australia. 2010.

Sprinter XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: yellow Sh2 type, 67 day. 2019.

SS Achieve- Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2016.

SS Activate- Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2016.

SS Early Riser- Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2016.

SS Moxie—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Fresh Maturity: 78 Days, Type: SSW; Row Count: 16-18-20; Ear Size: 8.75 Inches; Ear Shape: Cylindrical; Ear Package: Dark husk, tight husk, good flags; Kernel Color: Yellow; Plant Size: medium. 2016.

SS Packout—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 79 days, Type: SSW, Row Count: 16-18, Ear Size: 8-8.5 inches, Kernel Color: bicolor, Ear Shape: cylindrical, Ear Package: excellent dark green package with good flags, Plant Size: 6-6.5 Feet. 2016.

SS Snack Pack—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: SS bicolor. 2016.

SS Snow Bank—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Fresh Maturity: 74 days, Type: Sh2; Row Count: 16-18; Ear Size: 8 inches; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk, good husk protection, many kernels; Color: white; Plant Size: medium. 2016.

SS1441—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 75 days, Row Count:16-18, Ear Size 8, Ear Shape: cylindrical, Ear Package: dark husk, good husk protection and flags, Kernel Color: white, Plant size: medium. 2012.

SS1508DY—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Type: SSW. Characteristics: 78 days maturity, Row Count: 18-20; Ear Size:8.5-9 inches; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark green good flags and husk protection; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: medium/tall. 2013.

SS2742—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Maturity: 75 days, Row Count: 16-18, Ear Size 7.75” Ear Shape: cylindrical, Ear Package: excellent husk cover and flags; Kernel Color: bi-color; Plant Size: medium/tall; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps, (IR) Et. 2012.

SS2880MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Fresh market; Maturity: 80 Days; Type: SSW; Row Count: 16-18; Ear Size: 8.5”; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: Dark husk with numerous flags; Kernel Color: bi-color; Disease Tolerance: (HR) Ps/Rp1GI;(IR)Et. SRG? plant and husk, SSW, high yield potential and large, well-filled ears. 2015.

SS3590MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. 2017.

SS3741—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: For fresh market, main season variety, 16-18 row count, 8.25” ear size, dark, tight husk, good flags, bright yellow kernel color, medium, sturdy plant size. 2016.

SS3778R—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Fresh market; Maturity: 78 days; Type: SSW; Row Count: 18-20; Ear Size: 8.5”; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: good husk and flags, dark husk color; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: medium-tall; Disease Tolerance: Ps/Rp1GI. Improved germination for high quality type, productive, attractive ears, great fresh market and main season variety. 2015.

SS3880MR—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Type: SSW. Characteristics: Maturity: 80 days; Row Count: 16-18; Ear Size: 8.5”; Kernel Color: yellow; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk with numerous flags and good husk protection; Plant Size: medium; Disease Tolerance: (HR)Ps/Rp1GI; (IR) Et. SRG Plant & Husk, SSW, high yield potential and large well-filled ears. 2015.

Starcraft—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: 79-day maturity, super sweet corn. 2015.

Stellar—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seed. 2010.

Stellar XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc. 2013.

Stockade—Breeder and vendor: Snowy River Seeds-Australia. 2021.

Stud—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: white Su1 processing type. 2011.

Stud Premium—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2021.

Sugaree—Breeder and vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds, Inc-VT. Characteristics: bicolor type. 2012.

Sundance XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor Sh2 type. 2020.

Sunny Days—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2015.

Suntava Full Season Purple—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2015.

Super Surprise—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc. Characteristics: bicolor type. 2015.

Superb MXR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc-IL. 2015.

Suza—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: sugary-1 type. 2020.

SV1077SD—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2012.

SV1365SK- Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2012.

SV1514SK—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2014.

SV1580SC—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2014.

SV9010SA—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2013.

SV9012SD—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2014.

SV9014SB—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company–MO. 2013.

Sweet Fields—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2011.

Sweet Opal—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2012.

Sweetness—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: bicolor synergistic fresh market sweet corn. 2012.

SYY6S14LN27—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2020.

Takeoff—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Type: Sh2. Characteristics: Sh2 type, maturity 70 days; yellow. 2016.

Talladega XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: 66 day Sh2 yellow. 2018.

Tempo XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: bicolor Sh2 type. 2020.

Temptation II—Breeder and vendor: Monsanto Company-MO. 2012.

Temptress—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. Characteristics: bicolor quadsweet (R). 2016.

Tenacity—Breeder and vendor: Abbott & Cobb, Inc-PA. Characteristics: Fresh maturity: 74 days, Type: high quality; Row Count: 16-18; Ear Size: 7.5-8 inches; Ear Shape: cylindrical; Ear Package: dark husk, good husk protection and numerous flags; Kernel Color: yellow; Plant Size: compact. 2016.

Tenderfoot—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: 70 day synergistic bicolor, 8-8.5” ear, 16-18 row, tender good sugar. 2017.

Tesoro—Breeder and vendor: Pandia Seeds, Inc.-CA. 2013.

Traveler—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc-IL. Characteristics: This white variety has a relative maturity of 79 days and is suited for eating and shipping market. 2010.

Troppo—Breeder and vendor: HSR Seeds-Australia. 2010.

Troubadour XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 bicolor type. 2020.

Tryst Mesa—Breeder and vendor: Maize-CO. 2010.

Tyson—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc.-ID. Characteristics: processing super sweet. 2016.

UFI 9EC—Breeder and vendor: Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc. 2015.

Utopia—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research, Inc-NY. Characteristics: A 78 day synergistic bicolor. 8-8.5 x 2.2 inch ear, 16-20 row. 6.5-7 foot tall plant, tight husk, excellent husk appearance. 2012.

Velocity—Breeder and vendor: Seneca Vegetable Research. Characteristics: augmented shrunken bicolor. 2020.

Venue—Breeder and vendor: Mesa Maize-CO. 2010.

Vision MXR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds, Inc-IL. 2014.

Vista XR—Breeder and vendor: Illinois Foundation Seeds. Characteristics: Sh2 type, mature 69 day; yellow. 2016.

WB-01W—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company-ID. Characteristics: white, augmented shrunken fresh market. 2011.

WH1428P—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds, Inc-MN. Characteristics: processing sweet type. 2010.

Workhorse—Breeder and vendor: HM Clause, Inc-CA. Characteristics: 79 days to maturity, with 8.3-inch ears, 16-18 kernel rows. 2015.

WSS8072—Breeder and vendor: Syngenta Seeds-ID. Characteristics: super sweet type. 2015.

Xanadu—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2020.

Yellow Fields—Breeder and vendor: W. Atlee Burpee & Company-PA. 2012.

Yellowstone—Breeder and vendor: Crookham Company, Inc-ID. 2015.

Yosemite—Breeder and vendor: Harris Moran Seed Company-CA. Parentage: hybrid. Characteristics: main season yellow (85 day) shrunken-2 sweet corn for fresh market and processing, canning. Strong plant and excellent disease resistance package with broad adaption. 2012.

SWEET POTATO

Don LaBonte

Department of Horticulture Louisiana State University 104 M. B. Sturgis Baton Rouge, LA 70803

Bayou Belle—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of LA07-146. Characteristics: consistent root shape, moderate deep orange flesh, stores well, primarily a processing sweetpotato for canned and French fry products, very high early, yield and excellent sprout production. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, fusarium root rot, Rhizopus soft rot, intermediate to southern root-knot nematode, but susceptible to guava root-knot nematode. 2013.

Bellevue—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of LA82-529. Characteristics: copper skin, very consistent root shape, moderate orange flesh, stores well, but poor sprouting in Gulf South and North Carolina. High yield of United States number one grade roots. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, southern root-knot nematode, fusarium root rot, but susceptible to guava root-knot nematode. Reference: HortScience 50: 930-931 (2015). 2015.

Bonita—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of “Excel”. Characteristics: tan to pink skin and white flesh, consistent root shape, stores well. High yield of United States number one grade roots and tends to jumbo. Excellent sprout production. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, southern root-knot nematode, but susceptible to guava root-knot nematode. Reference: HortScience 46: 948-949 (2011). 2011.

Burgundy—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of LA04-175. Characteristics: red skin, excellent flavor, consistent root shape, deep orange flesh, stores well, average yield in heavy soils and below average in sand. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, southern root-knot nematode, but susceptible to guava root-knot nematode. Reference: HortScience 49: 669-671 (2014). 2014.

Charleston Scarlet—Breeder: USDA, Agr. Res. Serv., U.S. Vegetable Lab. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of ‘Regal’. Characteristics: roots have scarlet colored skin with orange flesh that store well with excellent baking quality, seed-roots produce large numbers of uniform sprouts, flowers and produces seeds profusely and makes an excellent polycross parent. Resistance: highly resistant to insects and southern root-knot nematode and moderately resistant to fusarium wilt. Reference: HortScience 45:306-309 (2010). 2010.

Evangeline—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of LA94-96. Characteristics: light red skin, consistent root shape, deep orange flesh, high sugar content, stores poorly, superior French fry and canned product. Moderate yield of United States number one grade roots and erratic sprout production. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, southern root-knot nematode, Rhizopus soft rot, fusarium root rot. Reference: HortScience 43: 258-259 (2008). 2008.

Liberty—Breeder: USDA, Agr. Res. Serv., U.S. Vegetable Lab. and Clemson University, SC Agriculture and Forestry Research System. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of ‘White Regal’. Characteristics: dry-fleshed type with dark-red colored skin with cream to light yellow flesh color, produces uniform well-shaped roots with good baking quality, seed-roots produce large numbers of uniform sprouts, flowers and produces seeds profusely and makes an excellent polycross parent. Resistance: highly resistant to southern root-knot nematode and low level of resistance to soil insect pests and fusarium wilt. Reference: HortScience 46: 125-129 (2011). 2011.

Murasaki-29—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of LA89-72. Characteristics: deep purple skin, white flesh, consistent root shape, moderate to low yield and excellent sprout production. Prefers sandy soil. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, southern root-knot nematode, guava root-knot nematode, Rhizopus soft rot, fusarium root rot. Reference: HortScience 43: 1895-1896 (2008). 2008.

Orleans—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of NC97A14. Characteristics: light red skin, consistent root shape, moderate deep orange flesh, stores well, high yield and excellent sprout production. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, Rhizopus soft rot, fusarium root rot. Reference: HortScience 47: 1817-1818 (2012). 2012.

Radiance—Breeder: Vineland Research and Innovations Centre Inc, Vineland Station, Ontario and Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of LA07-190. Characteristics: light red skin, consistent shape and early high yield of United States number one grade roots. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, fusarium root rot. 2018.

Sakura—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of “Evangeline”. Characteristics: purple skin and moderately purple flesh, irregular root shape, moderate to low yield depending on environment. Superior flavor. Excellent sprout production. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, southern root-knot nematode, fusarium root rot, intermediate to resistant to Rhizopus soft rot and bacterial root rot. 2020.

Vermillion—Breeder: Louisiana Agric. Expt. Sta., Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Parentage: open pollinated seedling of “Bonita”. Characteristics: deep red, purple skin, consistent root shape, deep orange flesh, stores well, yield is 15% less than “Diane”. Resistance: fusarium wilt, soil rot, fusarium root rot, but susceptible to southern root-knot nematode and guava root-knot nematode. Reference: HortScience (in press). 2020.

SWISS CHARD

Irwin L. Goldman and Andrey Vega-Alfaro

Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin-Madison 1575 Linden Dr. Madison, WI. 53706

Aurora Formula Mix—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Multiple color type with yellow, orange, pink, crimson, green, and white petioles. Deep green leaves, 28 days to baby leaf and 55 days to maturity.

Ball—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Characteristics: ruby-red stalks with dark green leaves. Mild flavor. Resistance: frost resistant when plants are mature.

Barese—Characteristics: Italian heirloom. Dwarf plant type. Leaves are glossy dark green with white stems and venation, 25 days to baby leaf and 45 days to maturity.

Better Beta Mix—Breeder: Frank Morton. Vendor: Wild Garden Seeds. Characteristics: variety of colors for salad mix. Includes a mix of chard types. Open Source variety, released through the Open Source Seed Initiative. 2015.

Bionda Di Lyon—Characteristics: pale green leaves with thick white midribs, matures in 50 days.

Bright Yellow—Breeder and vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: diverse range of yellow colors and deep green, glossy leaves. Long, thick petioles, 28 days to baby leaf and 57 days to bunching maturity. PVP# 200000052, issued 2/5/2002, expires 2/5/2022.

Celebration—Characteristics: dark red, bright red, magenta, orange, peach, pale pink, light yellow, yellow and white colored petioles. Glossy green leaves and 55 days to maturity.

Charbell—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: color contrast between dark red petioles and dark green leaves, with red venation. Upright habit. Resistance: Tolerant to downy mildew, and intermediate resistance to Cercospora.

Charsano—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: medium-dark green leaves with bright white petioles and veins. Resistance: intermediate resistance to Cercospora.

Eldorado—Characteristics: Golden petioles with medium green leaves. Slow to bolt, 33 days to baby leaf and 55-60 to maturity. Resistance: frost tolerant.

Fire Fresh—Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: leaves are round to oval. Upright habit. Suitable for baby leaf production. Resistance: resistant to leaf spot (Cercospora beticola) and downy mildew (Peronospora schanchtii).

Flamingo—Characteristics: Pink petioles with dark, glossy, smooth, green leaves, 60 days to maturity.

Golden Chard—Vendor: Wild Garden Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated, heirloom from Abundant Life Seed Foundation. Characteristics: emerald, green leaves with yellow petioles. Open-source variety, released through the Open Source Seed Initiative.

Intense—Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red long petioles for baby leaf production and bunching. Dark green savoyed leaves. Like Rhubarb in leaf and growth habit. 30 days to baby leaves, 55 days to full maturity.

Magenta Sunset—Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: mid-rib and petiole are bright magenta. Leaves are a medium to dark green. Tends to bolt when exposed to cool conditions at early development. Baby leaf in 30 days and 55 days to bunching. Resistance: heat tolerant.

Neon Lights Blend—Vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Characteristics: a blend of four varieties including red, bright orange, pink, and yellow petiole types. Bright green leaves and 60 days to maturity.

Northern Lights Mix—Vendor: Harris Seeds. Characteristics: 60 days to maturity. Beautiful stalks ranging from deep gold to snow white in color. Leaves are glossy (shiny) and medium green, 21-26’’ tall. Stalks are board, tender and fleshy through maturity. Suitable for the bunching at full maturity.

Orange Fantasia—Characteristics: golden-orange petioles and venation with deep green, shiny leaves, 59 days to maturity.

Orange Ribbed—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: thick orange petioles and savoyed leaves. Baby leaf in 30 days and 60 to full maturity. Similar: Oriole.

Oriole—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: Golden-orange stems. Dark green, moderately savoyed leaves. 30 days to baby leaf and 60 days to bunching. Similar: Orange Ribbed.

Peppermint—Characteristics: white petioles with pink striping on back and pink margins on front. Savoyed dark green leaves. 60 days to maturity. Ornamental potential. Tops are glossy dark green. Resistance: Bolting. Adaptation: Wide across the U.S in multiple seasons. PVP# 201100151, issued 9/11/2014.

Perpetual Spinach—Characteristics leaves are more like spinach than typical chard plants. 50 days to maturity.

Pink Passion—Vendor: Wild Garden Seeds. Parentage: Joelene’s ‘remnant seed bank.’ Characteristics: pink petioles and smooth dark green leaves. Open Source variety, released through the Open Source Seed Initiative.

Prismatic Rainbow—Breeder: Seven Seeds Farm (Don Tipping). Vendor: Siskiyou Seeds. Characteristics: green, red, pink, yellow, orange and striped petioles. Wide petioles, and upright growth habit. 60 days to maturity. Resistance: selected for resistance against leaf miners

Red Magic—Vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red petioles and green leaves, 55-65 days to maturity.

Rhubarb Supreme—Breeders: collaborative breeding project between John Navazio, the Organic Seed Alliance, and Nash’s Organic Farm in Sequim, WA. Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: red petioles and dark green savoyed leaves, 60 days to bunching. Resistance: very high resistance to bolting.

Sunset—Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Characteristics: bright yellow and orange petioles with green leaves.

Verde De Taglio—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co. Characteristics: very thin petioles and large leaves. Italian heirloom.

Virgo –Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: open pollinated. Characteristics: slightly savoyed, silver stems with bright green leaves. 65 days to maturity.

Vulcan—Characteristics: developed in Switzerland. Red petioles. 60-day maturity. Similar: Rhubarb Chard.

TOMATO

Dilip R. Panthee

Mountain Horticultural Crops research & Extension Center Department of Horticultural Science North Carolina State University Mills River NC 28759

H2005—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, full season, large prostrate vine, elongated-square fruit, very high oBrix. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. Adaptation: California, Latin America. 2007.

H2206—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, ultra-early maturity (99 days), small/compact prostrate vine, sets well in heat, uniform round jointless fruit (60 gram) susceptible to bursting. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, rot resistant. Adaptation: broad adaption. 2008.

H2401—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, full season, large semi-prostrate vine, 70 gram blocky-oval fruit with very high juice viscosity. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck, rot resistant (extended field storage). Adaptation: humid and arid regions. 2003.

H3402—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, mid-full season, large semi-prostrate vine, and 65 gram blocky-oval fruit with excellent field rot resistance. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. Adaptation: Broadly adapted. 2004.

H4007—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium juice viscosity, second-early maturity, medium/large semi-prostrate vine, jointless blocky fruit (75 grams) with very good color. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck, rot resistant. Adaptation: Humid and arid regions. 2009.

H4107—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with low viscosity, mid-season, medium vine with excellent cover, smooth oval fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, rot resistant. Adaptation: Humid regions. 2009.

H5003—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, second early maturity, medium/large semi-prostrate vine with adequate fruit cover, excellent field yield, 70 gram blocky fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. Adaptation: Arid regions. 2005.

H5108—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, early maturity, compact vine with excellent fruit cover, 70 gram, jointless fruit is blocky, smooth and firm. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1, rot resistant. Adaptation: Humid regions. 2010.

H5508—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, full season, very large semi-prostrate vine with good foliar cover, jointless 85 gram blocky fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, tomato spotted wilt virus, rot resistant (extended field storage). Adaptation: Arid regions. 2010.

H5608—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, full season, large prostrate vine with good foliar cover, jointless blocky-oval fruit (80 gram). Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, tomato spotted wilt virus. Adaptation: Arid regions. 2010.

H7709—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium juice viscosity, full season, large semi-prostrate vine, jointless, 95 gram blocky-oval shaped fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. Adaptation: Arid regions. 2011.

H8004—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, full season, medium/large prostrate vine with dense cover, elongated oval fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck, rot resistant. Adaptation: Arid regions. 2006.

H8504—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, full season, medium/large prostrate vine with excellent dense cover, blocky-oval shaped fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck, and very rot resistant (extended field storage). Adaptation: Arid regions. 2006.

H9553—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, late season, large prostrate vine, jointless, 65 gram, oval fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial canker, bacterial spot, rot resistant. Adaptation: Humid and arid climates. 1997.

H9661—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, second early maturity, medium semi-prostrate vine, jointless, 80 gram blocky fruit high oBrix. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. Adaptation: Humid and arid climates. 1998.

H9780—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato suitable for peel/dice applications, full season, large, semi-prostrate vine with adequate fruit cover, blocky-shaped jointless 90 gram fruit with high oBrix and good color. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck, rot resistant. Adaptation: arid climates. 2001.

H9881—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid peel/dice tomato with medium viscosity, early maturity (112 days), medium semi-prostrate vine with excellent setting, jointless 65 gram round fruit. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck, rot resistant. 2000.

H9997—Breeder and vendor: H. J. Heinz. Characteristics: Hybrid paste tomato, midseason, medium-small prostrate vine, 80 gram blocky-shaped fruit with high lycopene. Resistances: verticillium race 1, fusarium wilt race 1 and 2, nematodes, bacterial speck. Adaptation: humid and arid regions. 2001.

Mountain Bebe (NC 10259)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 7 Grape x NC 8 Grape. Characteristics: Grape hybrid tomato, has a vigorous vine with indeterminate growth habit, with short internodes conferred by brachytic (br) gene. It has uniform green fruits conferred by u gene, weighing about 11.7 gram per fruit. The fruits are dark red in color (ogc gene), long ovate in shape, and are very sweet with a crisp texture. Resistance: Fusarium wilt (race 3) (I-3 gene), late blight and tomato spotted wilt virus resistance. Adaptation: Widely adapted in the USA. Year released: 2018.

Mountain Crown (NC 13540)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 30P x NC 1 Plum. Characteristics: The fruits develop deep red color resulting from the crimson gene in homozygous condition and are very firm even in the fully ripened stage. It has three lobes in most cases providing excellent firmness. Immature fruits have a glossy, uniform green color (u gene). Fruit pedicels are jointed. The fruit is cylindrical with extremely smooth blossom end scars and has good resistance to fruit cracking and weather check. Resistance: Fusarium wilt (I and I-2 genes), verticillium wilt (Ve gene), late blight (Ph-2 and Ph-3 genes), Tomato mosaic virus (Tm-2 gene) and Tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene) resistances. Adaptation: Widely adapted. Reference: HortScience 55:2056-2057 (2020). 2018.

Mountain Gem (NC 151G)—Breeder North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bejo. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 4GEM x NC 1GEM. Characteristics: Fresh-market type for vine ripe and mature green harvest. Vigorous, medium determinate, mid-season, large, flattened globe, firm, good color (homozygous crimson), firm, good flavor. Resistance: fusarium wilt races 1 and 2 (I and I-2 genes), verticillium wilt race 1 (Ve gene), tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene), tomato mosaic virus (Tm-2 gene), late blight (Ph-2 + Ph-3 genes). Adaption: Widely adapted. 2018.

Mountain Honey (NC 10242)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: HM-Clause Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 4 Grape x NC 6 Grape. Characteristics: Vigorous vine with indeterminate growth habit with short internodes conferred by the brachytic (br) gene. Fruits develop deep red color (crimson gene) and are firm in the fully ripe stage. Immature fruits have a glossy, uniform green color (u gene). Fruit pedicels are jointed. The fruit are long ovate in shape and have good resistance to fruit cracking and bursting, despite high TSS levels. Resistance: Fusarium wilt race 3 (I-3 gene) and tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene). Adaption: Widely adapted in the USA. Reference: HortScience 48:1192-1194. (2013). 2012.

Mountain King (NC 0832)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC706 x NC1CS. Characteristics: A large-fruited, fresh-market tomato, resistant to the gray wall, develop deep red color (crimson gene) and are firm in the fully ripened stage. Immature fruits have a glossy, uniform green color (u gene). Fruit pedicels are jointed. The fruit are deep oblate to flattened globe in shape with smooth blossom end scars and have good resistance to fruit cracking and weather check. Resistance: Verticillium wilt (race 1) (Ve gene), fusarium wilt (races 1, 2) (I and I-2 genes), and tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene). Adaption: Widely adapted in the USA. 2014.

Mountain Lion (NC 0821)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bakker Brothers Inc. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 1CS x NC 2rinEC. Characteristics: A large-fruited hybrid homozygous for the crimson gene combined with the ‘rin’ gene. Immature fruits have a glossy, uniform green color (u gene). Fruit pedicels are jointed. The fruit are deep oblate to flattened globe in shape with smooth blossom end scars and have good resistance to fruit cracking and weather check. Resistance: Verticillium wilt (race 1) (Ve gene), fusarium wilt (races 1, 2) (I and I-2 genes), and tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene). Adaption: Widely adapted in the USA. Reference: HortScience 49:1461-1462. (2014).

Mountain Regina (NC 13506)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 1 LF x NC 2 LF. Characteristics: The fruits develop deep red color resulting from the crimson gene in homozygous condition and are very firm even in the fully ripe stage. Immature fruits have a glossy, uniform green color (u gene). Fruit pedicels are jointed. The fruits are deep oblate to the flattened globe in shape with smooth blossom end scars and have excellent resistance to fruit cracking and weather check. Resistance: It combines Tomato mosaic virus (Tm-2 gene), Tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene), root-knot nematodes (Mi gene), Verticillium wilt (Ve gene), and races 1, 2, and 3 of Fusarium wilt (I, I-2 and I-3 genes). Adaption: Widely adapted in the USA. Reference: HortScience 56:736-738. (2021).

Mountain Rouge (NC 08224)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 161L x ‘Brandywine Pink’. Characteristics: It is pink-fruited heirloom-type hybrid. It has vigorous, indeterminate growth habit with dark foliage is dark green and provides good cover for fruit protection. Fruit have dark green shoulder color at the immature stage and have an attractive pink color when ripe, resulting from the combination of red fruit flesh and clear fruit skin (y gene). Fruit average 273 gram. in weight and are deep oblate and slightly irregular in shape with smooth blossom end scars. Resistance: Late blight (Ph-2 and Ph-3 genes) and root knot nematode (Mi gene). Adaption: Widely adapted in the USA. Reference: HortScience 49:1463-1464. (2014). 2014.

Mountain Vineyard (NC 10235)—Breeder: North Carolina State University. Vendor: Bejo Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid of NC 4 Grape x NC 5 Grape. Characteristics: Indeterminate grape tomato hybrid with the crimson (ogc) gene for increased lycopene content, short internodes conferred by the Brachytic (br) gene. Fruit are firm in the fully ripened stage. Immature fruits have a glossy finish with dark green shoulders. Fruit pedicels are jointless (j2 gene). The fruit are long ovate in shape and have good resistance to fruit cracking and bursting. Resistance: Fusarium wilt (race 3) (I-3 gene) and Tomato spotted wilt virus (Sw-5 gene). Adaption: Widely adapted in the USA. Reference: HortScience 48:1189-1191. (2013). 2012.

TURNIP

Irwin L. Goldman and Andrey Vega-Alfaro

Department of Horticulture University of Wisconsin-Madison 1575 Linden Dr. Madison, WI. 53706

Alamo—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturing and high yielding, 33 days to maturity. Grown for greens. Resistance: moderate bolt resistance, tolerant to aphids and Mosaic Virus.

Aprovecho Hardy—Breeders: Andrew Still and the Seed Ambassadors Project. Vendor: Adaptive Seeds. Parentage: bred specifically for Oregon winters. Salvaged from less than 5% of the surviving turnips from a population of Dr. Alan Kapuler’s Six Root Grex Turnip. Characteristics: Colors vary from purple, white and green topped. 2015.

C.R. Ajibeni—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: red-pink exterior with white interior and some pink coloration, 50 days to maturity. Red turnip on the outside with reddish-pink blotches on the inside. Uniform globe shape and vigorous. Juicy interior and with a great flavor and eating quality similar to white or purple salad turnips.

Des Vertue Marteau—Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Characteristics: mild flavor and unique shape. Creamy colored cylindrical roots. The name translates to “Hammer of Virtue.” Heirloom variety dating back to the 19th century in Vertus, a city in northeast France.

Dietrich’s Wild Broccoli Raab—Breeders: Experimental Farm Network (Chris Dietrich, Sandy Dietrich, Dusty Hinz, and Nate Kleinman). Parentage: selected from wild broccoli raab plants that abound on their farm in New Jersey and thus likely from a feral population. Characteristics: Overwintering biennial, produces flower spikes very early in late winter and early spring. 2016.

Fuku Komachi—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: crisp but tender, 40 -45 days to maturity. Slow bolting. Globe-shaped turnip, pure white in color with tender roots. Thrives and grows in low temperatures. Used for fresh markets as the skin is thin and does not require peeling. Large bulbs could also be cooked. The tops could be used as greens. For winter or spring harvest.

Golden Globe—Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seed. Characteristics: golden color and delicate flavor. Tapered root, 55 days to maturity. Roots have an amber gold skin that differentiates it from other varieties. Tops could be used as greens and are 12-15 inches tall.

Hida Beni Red—Vendor: Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Co. Parentage: Originated in a part of Takayama called Hachigago, where a local turnip of reddish-purple hue was widely grown. In 1918, a red-colored mutant was discovered from these Hachiga turnips and named Hida Beni Red Turnip. Characteristics: crisp, sweet and mild. White and red, fine-grained flesh. Cultivated mainly in Takayama City, Japan. 45-50 day maturity.

Hinona Kabu—Vendor: High Mowing Organic Seeds. Characteristics: Japanese salad turnip with purple shoulders and a long, slender white root. Dark green tops with purple venation. 45 days to maturity

Hirosaki Red—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: early maturing red salad turnip. Red petioles, 41 days to maturity. Similar: Scarlet Queens Red Stems.

Mistral—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: bright white oblate roots, sweet flavor, upright dark green tops, 40 days to maturity. High sugar content, early maturity and upright green tops that provide ease at harvest.

Niseko—Vendor: Osborne Quality Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: globe shaped turnip, bright white in color and with a mild sweet flavor. Resistance: clubroot tolerant

Oasis Turnip—Vendor: Fedco Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: smooth round globe shaped root with white color, delicate flavor and crisp texture. Tolerant to downy mildew.

Purple Prince—Vendor: Stokes Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: half purple, half white smooth root. Globe shaped, 55-60 days to maturity.

Scarlet Ohno Revival—Breeder: Frank Morton. Vendor: Wild Garden Seed. Parentage: Selected from pink, somewhat flattened pickling turnips from Japan called Scarlet Ohno. Characteristics: Glossy smooth hairless leaves, with pigment on the stem or leaf blade appearing scarlet red. Bright scarlet-skinned roots, round to flattened, with smooth strap-leaf greens, some scarlet. Open Source variety, released through the Open Source Seed Initiative. 2015.

Scarlet Queen Red Stems—Vendor: Johnny’s Selected Seeds. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: slightly flattened roots with sweet, crisp white flesh and red skin. Internal red splashes of color in interior. Dark green tops with red petioles, 43 days to maturity.

Silky Sweet—Vendor: Burpee Seed Co. Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: crispy texture and sweet taste, 65 days to maturity, round shaped.

Southern Green—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: rapid regrowth. Older leaves resist yellowing. Resistance: bolting.

Tokinashi—Sold by Baker Creek. Characteristics: sweet taste. Smooth, crisp roots with white flesh. 50-day maturity. Resistance: bolt resistant.

Violet Queen—Parentage: F1 hybrid. Characteristics: purple salad turnip with roots showing violet coloration just under the skin. Dark green leaves. Sweet taste, 50 days to maturity. Suitable for bunching sales. Purple roots that cut well. The violet color is visible under the skin.

Contributor Notes

Individuals knowing of new cultivars to add to the list, or corrections to be made in the published lists are encouraged to contact Beiquan Mou.

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