Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae and is a native to tropical regions of South America (Roy, 2019). It has many ornamental horticultural advantages, including superabundant and recurring blooms, bright and colorful bracts, strong stress tolerance, and easy propagation and maintenance. Bougainvillea is among the most popular ornamental landscaping and potted plants in tropical and subtropical areas (Roy, 2019).
Bougainvillea have a short history (≈150 years) of domestication and cultivation outside their natural habitats (Ohri, 2013; Zadoo et al., 1975). Breeding practices in the world have given rise to ≈500 varieties of bougainvillea differing in color, shape, and size of bracts. However, only less than 2% have polychromatic bracts, such as ‘Chitra’, ‘Wajid Ali Shah’, ‘Lipstick’, and ‘Imperial Delight’ (Datta et al., 2021; Sindhu et al., 2020). To meet growers’ needs for more cultivars in this group, we report a novel floriferous cultivar, Auspicious Cloud.
Datta, S.K., Jayanthi, R. & Janakiram, T. 2021 Bougainvillea 141 174 Datta, S.K. & Gupta, Y.C. Floriculture and ornamental plants. Handbooks of crop diversity: Conservation and use of plant genetic resources Springer Singapore https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1554-5_2-1
International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants 2014 Protocol for distinctness, uniformity and stability—Bougainvillea Comm. ex Juss (CPVO-TG/267/1) http://cpvo.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/bougain-villea.pdf
Ohri, D. 2013 Cytogenetics of domestication and improvement of garden gladiolus and bougainvillea Nucleus 56 149 153 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13237-013-0091-7
Sindhu, S.S., Singh, B. & Saxena, N.K. 2020 Genetic improvement of bougainvillea in Indian scenario—A review J. Ornam. Hort. 23 1 1 11 https://doi.org/10.5958/2249-880X.2020.00001.8
Zadoo, S.N., Roy, R.P. & Khoshoo, T.N. 1975 Cytogenetics of cultivated Bougainvilleas. V. Induced tetraploidy and restoration of fertility in sterile cultivars Euphytica 24 517 524 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00028222