The genus Clivia Lindl. belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae, which includes six diploid species (2n = 2x = 22) and is naturally distributed in Southern Africa (Duncan, 2008). Clivia has been widely cultivated as one of the famous ornamental pot plants, with tremendous economic value worldwide for nearly a century (Rourke, 2002). The leaf and flower of clivia have always been regarded as two of the most important ornamental characteristics. In the past several decades, many clivia cultivars have been released, such as Clivia miniata Longwood Debutante, Longwood Fireworks, and Longwood Sunrise in the United States (Petravich, 2015); and Utopia Secret Desire, Utopia Secret Hope, Utopia Secret Love, and Utopia Secret Rose in South Africa (Kruger, 2018).
It was recorded that clivia was first introduced into Changchun City by a Japanese florist in 1932 (Zheng et al., 2012). Before 1990, it was appreciated only by the wealthy as a rare precious flower, but now it is very popular in China. It is cultivated mainly in Jilin and Liaoning Provinces, Northeast China. China is regarded as one of the largest clivia-producing countries in the world (Duncan, 2008), but only a few clivia cultivars have been released in China (Bao et al., 2014).
Usually, the flower of clivia is orange or yellow with six petals, including three inner petals and three outer petals. Although many clivia cultivars with special flower colors and shapes have been bred, such as green-petaled cultivar Angel’s Smile, the pink-petaled cultivar Pink Champagne, and carnation-flowered shape cultivar Picotee, the double-flowered type is still rarely seen. We announce a new double-flowered clivia cultivar Clivia miniata Red Peony with an average of 13 petals per flower.
Bao, J.Z., Li, F.T., Liu, C.X., Sun, Y., Ma, H., Zhang, T. & Chen, X.L. 2014 A new Clivia miniata cultivar ‘Yangjun 2’ Acta Hort. Sinica 41 8 1753 1754 (in Chinese)
Kruger, C. 2018 Clivia register North American Clivia Society. 4 May 2021. <http://www.northamericancliviasociety.org/links.php#interesting5>
Rourke, J.P. 2002 Clivia mirabilis (Amaryllidaceae: Haemantheae) a new species from Northern Cape, South Africa Bothalia 32 1 7