Fig (Ficus carica L., Moraceae) is among the oldest cultivated fruit trees in the world, and its most important growing center is known to be the Mediterranean region. Recently, fig fruit have attracted much attention because of scientifically confirmed medicinal and nutritional values, including an excellent source of minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber, sugars, organic acids, and phenolic substances, the consumption of which has been proved to have a positive impact on human health. Therefore, fig represents an important component of the Mediterranean diet, and is associated with longevity (Caliskan and Polat, 2012; Ercisli et al., 2012). The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations estimates that 301,062 ha of figs are harvested—more than 1,000,000 metric tons per year (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2018). In Turkey, locally adapted fig cultivars, landraces, and their wild forms can be found all over the country with a high level of phenotypic diversity, including various color, size, shape, and flavor. In previous years, many important breeding studies on edible fig germplasm have been conducted (Aksoy et al., 2003; Caliskan and Polat, 2012). However, the desired level has not yet been achieved in terms of edible figs and export potential in Turkey. There are also many other local cultivars of great climatic and economic importance (Caliskan and Polat, 2012). Kahramanmaras Province is located in the eastern Mediterranean region where fresh figs are cultivated. The Eastern Mediterranean Transitional Zone Agriculture Research Institute in Kahramanmaras province initiated a fig breeding program in 2016. ‘Abbas’ was released as a new fig cultivar in Turkey on 25 Oct. 2019. This new cultivar, which has a fruit weight of 70 to 100 g, high yield, and excellent aroma traits, has been widely planted in Kahramanmaras, Turkey. The objective of this study was to identify a high-quality fig cultivar as an alternative to ‘Black Bursa’ and to help fig growers recognize the new cultivar Abbas as a potential candidate.
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Caliskan, O. & Polat, A.A. 2012 Morphological diversity among fig (Ficus carica L.) accessions sampled from the eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey Turk. J. Agr. For. 36 179 193
Ercisli, S., Tosun, M., Karlidag, H., Dzubur, A., Hadziabulic, S. & Aliman, Y. 2012 Color and antioxidant characteristics of some fresh fig (Ficus carica L.) genotypes from northeastern Turkey Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 67 3 1153 1154
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International Plant Genetic Resources Institute and International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies 2003 Descriptors for figs. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI), Rome, Italy, and the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM), Paris, France. <http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=QJ2005000011>
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Soliman, S.S., Alebidi, A.I., Al-Obeed, R.S. & Al-Saif, A.M. 2018 Effect of potassium fertilizer on fruit quality and mineral composition of fig (Ficus carica L. cv. Brown Turky) Pak. J. Bot. 50 5 1153 1154