‘Dama Taronja’ and ‘Dama Rosa’ are mid-early ripening apricot cultivars (Prunus armeniaca L.) from the apricot breeding program at Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA). They have optimal productivity, excellent fruit quality, and self-compatibility, and are resistant to sharka Plum pox virus (PPV), a serious limiting factor for apricot fruit production in affected areas. Their fruits have excellent organoleptic characteristics and are notably larger than the traditional Valencian cultivars. In the last five crop years, the Valencia area had fewer chilling hours in winter and less rain than usual. These two varieties showed well adaptability to these climate conditions in the Mediterranean area and are good candidates for breeding and research under a climate change scenario.
Candresse, T., Macquaire, G., Lanne, M., Bousalem, M., Quiot-Douine, L., Quiot, J.B. & Dunez, J. 1995 Analysis of plum pox virus variability and development of strain-specific PCR assays Acta Hort. 386 357 369
Moustafa, T.A., Badenes, M.L., Martínez-Calvo, J. & Llácer, G. 2001 Determination of resistance to sharka (plum pox) in apricot Scientia Hort. 91 59 70
Muñoz-Sanz, J.V., Zuriaga, E., López, I., Badenes, M.L. & Romero, C. 2017 Self-(in)compatibility in apricot germplasm is controlled by two major loci, S and M BMC Plant Biol. 17 82
Soriano, J.M., Domingo, M., Zuriaga, E., Romero, C., Zebentayeva, T., Abbott, A. & Badenes, M.L. 2012 Identification of SSR markers tightly associated to PPV resistance in apricot Mol. Breeding 30 1017 1026
Vilanova, S., Romero, C., Burgos, L., Llácer, G. & Badenes, M.L. 2005 Identification of self-(in)compatibility alleles in apricot by PCR and sequence analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 130 893 898