Native to China, apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) have a long cultivation history, rich germplasm resources, and various resource types (Zhao et al., 2005). Apricots have an attractive appearance, unique flavor, pronounced nutritional value, and relatively early maturity, making them important to the early summer fruit markets (Chen et al., 2015; Wang et al., 2003). Local apricot cultivars in China usually have good flavor, but the fruit is small in size, which causes poor, unstable yield, while introduced apricot cultivars like ‘Gold Sun’ and ‘Katy’ are highly productive, but lack the sweetness and aroma of Chinese traditional cultivars, which cannot meet the needs of the market (Zhao et al., 2016).
‘Meishuo’ is a newly selected, early-maturing apricot cultivar suitable for fresh consumption. The fruit matures in late May in Zhengzhou and the fruit development period is about 63 d. The chilling requirement is about 637 h in Zhengzhou. The fruits are near globose in shape and have a pleasant golden-yellow peel color with a rosy red blush on the sunny side. The flavor is sweet-sour with a strong aroma, and the soluble solid content and total acid content are 15.1 ± 0.6% and 1.59 ± 0.21%, respectively. The average fruit weight of ‘Meishuo’ apricot is 117.6 ± 9.6 g and the maximum fruit weight is 184.3 g, making it highly productive.
Chen, X.S., Guo, W.W., Xu, J., Cong, P.H., Wang, L.R., Liu, C.H., Li, X.G., Wu, S.J., Yao, Y.X. & Chen, X.L. 2015 Genetic improvement and promotion of fruit quality of main fruit trees Scientia Agricultura Sinica. 48 17 3524 3540
Wang, Y. Z., Sun, H.Y. & Yang, L. 2003 The latest progress of apricot in the world. Northern Fruits 2:1–2
Zhao, F., Liu, W.S., Liu, N., Yu, X.H., Sun, M., Zhang, Y.P. & Zhou, Y.Q. 2005 Reviews of the apricot germplasm resources and genetic breeding in China J. Fruit Sci. 22 6 687 690
Zhao, X.P., Wu, X.L., Zhang, X.C., Yuan, L.Y., Zhang, H.X., Cui, Q.Z. & Li, L.Y. 2016 Breeding of early maturity new apricot line ‘Z08-7-34’ J. Hebei Agr. Sci. 20 2 77 78, 104