‘GulfAtlas’ Peach

in HortScience
View More View Less
  • 1 University of Florida, Department of Horticultural Sciences, 1143 Fifield Hall, Hull Road, Gainesville, FL 32611
  • | 2 University of Georgia, 4604 Research Way, Tifton, GA 31793
  • | 3 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory, 21 Dunbar Road, Byron, GA 31008

‘GulfAtlas’ peach is jointly released for grower trials by the U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service (Byron, GA), Georgia Agricultural Experiment Station, and Florida Agricultural Experiment Station. The ‘Gulf’ prefix indicates this variety was developed for the lower coastal plain, which is largely the Gulf of Mexico region, but also includes a small portion of the Atlantic Coast from North Carolina to Florida.

Trees of ‘GulfAtlas’ are vigorous, semispreading, and produce an attractive, sweet-tasting, yellow, and non-melting flesh fruit intended for the fresh fruit market. It is expected to produce fruit with tree-ripened taste while retaining firmness for longer shelf life than fruit from conventional melting-flesh cultivars. ‘GulfAtlas’ is suggested for trial in north Florida and south Georgia.

Origin

‘GulfAtlas’ originated in Attapulgus, GA, from a 2000 cross of ‘Flavorcrest’ by FL98-10C and was selected and propagated in 2003 for testing as AP03-22 at Attapulgus. The pollen parent is of complex origin (Fig. 1).

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Lineage of ‘GulfAtlas’.

Citation: HortScience horts 49, 8; 10.21273/HORTSCI.49.8.1093

Description

Standards and methods used in this program to evaluate selections have been described (Beckman et al., 1995; Beckman and Krewer, 1999). Trees of ‘GulfAtlas’ are estimated to require 400 chill units (Sherman and Lyrene, 1998) based on full bloom consistently occurring between ‘Flordaking’ peach (350 chill units) and ‘Sunlite’ nectarine (450 chill units) at Attapulgus where full bloom of ‘GulfAtlas’ occurs most seasons in mid-February (Table 1). ‘GulfAtlas’ has fruited acceptably well at Attapulgus where the mean temperature [(mean daily maximum + mean daily minimum)/2] of the coldest month (January) averages 11.4 °C. The Florida model (Sharpe et al., 1990) suggests that a 400 chill unit variety like ‘GulfAtlas’ would fruit well at a location where the coldest month averaged 12 to 14 °C (Sharpe et al., 1990), i.e., in a band starting a little south of Attapulgus to around the latitude of Gainesville, FL, and in colder locations such as Attapulgus in the absence of spring frosts. Thus, we expect this new peach to be adapted in areas where ‘Flordaking’ and ‘Sunlite’ have been grown successfully. Fruit ripen in mid-June at Attapulgus, ≈120 d after full bloom (Table 1) and usually ≈3 weeks after ‘Gulfcrimson’ and ‘June Gold’ and 1 week before ‘Suwanee’ (Table 2). Trees are vigorous, productive, and without alternate bearing. Trees set a high number of flower buds, have few blind nodes (Richards et al., 1994), and exhibit little bud failure (bud drop) before bloom (Weinberger, 1967). Fruit thinning is normally required to size fruit and prevent limb breakage.

Table 1.

Tree performance and fruit characteristicsz of ‘GulfAtlas’ (Attapulgus, GA, 2003–12).

Table 1.
Table 2.

Tree performance and fruit characteristicsz of ‘GulfAtlas’ and reference cultivars (Attapulgus, GA, 2003–12; only 2005–12 data for ‘Suwanee’).

Table 2.

‘GulfAtlas’ fruit have been observed on the original seedling and budded trees since 2003 (except in 2004 when fruiting age trees were not available). Fruit are very large, round to slightly elongated, and attractive (Fig. 2), averaging nearly 200 g (73 mm diameter) when thinned to ≈15 cm apart. Buttons have not been observed in fruit of ‘GulfAtlas’. Commercially ripe fruit exhibit ≈75% red blush over an attractive yellow ground color. Fruit shape is round with a recessed tip. Flesh displays some red pigmentation near the pit and the pit itself is red. Flesh texture is smooth, without strings, but is clingy to the pit even when fully ripe. Flesh is firm with good sweetness (10 to 12 °Brix) and does not brown readily on bruised or cut surfaces. Pits are medium to large and have not been observed to split even when croploads are light.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical fruit of ‘GulfAtlas’.

Citation: HortScience horts 49, 8; 10.21273/HORTSCI.49.8.1093

Leaf petioles have small reniform glands. Flowers are showy and pink. Anthers are yellow and pollen is bright yellow and abundant. Leaves have shown no bacterial spot [Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni (Sm.) Dye] in test plantings where known susceptible genotypes show typical symptoms.

The most evident weakness of ‘GulfAtlas’ is its variable cropping history. Nevertheless, it has been substantially better than the old standard for the lower coastal plain industry in the midsummer season, ‘Suwanee’, which in the last eight seasons has had only two crops deemed commercially usable. In contrast, ‘GulfAtlas’ produced five usable crops in the nine seasons that fruiting age trees were available for observation. In those years in which ‘GulfAtlas’ suffered a significant crop reduction, it was clearly the result of damage by late spring frosts. Such damage could possibly have been mitigated by frost protection such as overhead irrigation or wind machines. In contrast, crop losses in ‘Suwanee’ could be attributed to frost only in 2008, 2011, and 2012 when even its substantially later bloom date did not save it. Poor crops in 2005 and 2006 on ‘Suwanee’ could possibly have been the result of inadequate winter chilling. However, in 2007 when ‘Suwanee’ achieved its best crop, chilling was similar or actually lower. Additionally, in 2010 winter chilling was well above the 650 h ‘Suwanee’ requires (Okie, 1998), but there were no credible frost events near or after bloom to blame for the near zero crop.

Significantly larger than ‘Gulfcrimson’ (Krewer et al., 2008) or ‘June Gold’, ‘GulfAtlas’ has no other yellow-fleshed competition in its ripening season. ‘GulfAtlas’ has displayed very good fruit shape, appearance, red skin blush, eating quality, firmness, and a very low incidence of split pits.

Availability

A plant patent has been filed for ‘GulfAtlas’ and a propagation agreement is available through Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., P.O. Box 110200, Gainesville, FL 32611-0200. Budwood is indexed free of Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Prune dwarf virus.

Literature Cited

  • Beckman, T.G. & Krewer, G.W. 1999 Postharvest characteristics of moderate-chill peach varieties Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 112 236 241

  • Beckman, T.G., Krewer, G., Sherman, W.B. & Okie, W.R. 1995 Breeding moderate chill peaches for the lower coastal plain Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 108 345 348

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gomez, K.A. & Gomez, A.A. 1984 Statistical procedures for agricultural research. Wiley, New York, NY

  • Krewer, G.W., Beckman, T.G., Chaparro, J.X. & Sherman, W.B. 2008 ‘Gulfcrimson’ peach HortScience 43 1596 1597

  • Okie, W.R. 1998 Handbook of peach and nectarine varieties. USDA-ARS Agr. Handbook No. 714

  • Richards, G.D., Porter, G.W., Rodriquez, J. & Sherman, W.B. 1994 Incidence of blind nodes in low-chill peach and nectarine germplasm Fruit Var. J. 48 199 202

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SAS Institute, Inc 2003 SAS for Windows, version 9.1. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC

  • Sharpe, R.H., Sherman, W.B. & Martsolf, J.D. 1990 Peach cultivars in Florida and their chilling requirements Acta Hort. 279 191 197

  • Sherman, W.B. & Lyrene, P.M. 1997 UFGold Peach. Fruit Var. J. 51 76 77

  • Sherman, W.B. & Lyrene, P.M. 1998 Bloom time in low-chill peaches Fruit Var. J. 52 226 228

  • Weinberger, J.H. 1967 Studies on flower bud drop in peaches Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 91 78 83

Contributor Notes

Assistant Professor.

Associate Professor.

Research Horticulturist.

To whom reprint requests should be addressed; e-mail Tom.Beckman@ars.usda.gov.

  • Beckman, T.G. & Krewer, G.W. 1999 Postharvest characteristics of moderate-chill peach varieties Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 112 236 241

  • Beckman, T.G., Krewer, G., Sherman, W.B. & Okie, W.R. 1995 Breeding moderate chill peaches for the lower coastal plain Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 108 345 348

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gomez, K.A. & Gomez, A.A. 1984 Statistical procedures for agricultural research. Wiley, New York, NY

  • Krewer, G.W., Beckman, T.G., Chaparro, J.X. & Sherman, W.B. 2008 ‘Gulfcrimson’ peach HortScience 43 1596 1597

  • Okie, W.R. 1998 Handbook of peach and nectarine varieties. USDA-ARS Agr. Handbook No. 714

  • Richards, G.D., Porter, G.W., Rodriquez, J. & Sherman, W.B. 1994 Incidence of blind nodes in low-chill peach and nectarine germplasm Fruit Var. J. 48 199 202

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SAS Institute, Inc 2003 SAS for Windows, version 9.1. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC

  • Sharpe, R.H., Sherman, W.B. & Martsolf, J.D. 1990 Peach cultivars in Florida and their chilling requirements Acta Hort. 279 191 197

  • Sherman, W.B. & Lyrene, P.M. 1997 UFGold Peach. Fruit Var. J. 51 76 77

  • Sherman, W.B. & Lyrene, P.M. 1998 Bloom time in low-chill peaches Fruit Var. J. 52 226 228

  • Weinberger, J.H. 1967 Studies on flower bud drop in peaches Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 91 78 83

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 107 19 6
PDF Downloads 94 56 6