The Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Texas A&M University announce the release of the high-yielding, orange-fruited, Habanero-type, F1 hybrid pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) cultivar CaroTex-312. Open-pollinated cultivars of Habanero peppers are used extensively by U.S. growers and these cultivars have historically suffered from several deficiencies, including low yields, late maturity, disease and pest susceptibility, and lack of uniformity. Transition to F1 hybrid cultivars for C. annuum pepper types such as jalapeño, bell, and ancho has led to greatly increased yields, earlier maturity, and superior fruit quality. Heterosis has been exploited in these C. annuum types and should also be a beneficial trait in C. chinense cultivars to maximize performance and quality (Butcher et al., 2012). The release of ‘CaroTex-312’ will provide pepper growers currently growing open-pollinated Habanero-type cultivars access to a high-yielding, F1 hybrid cultivar.
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Butcher, J.D., Crosby, K.M., Yoo, K.S., Patil, B.S., Ibrahim, A.M.H., Leskovar, K.I. & Jifon, J.L. 2012 Environmental and genotypic variation of capsaicinoid and flavonoid concentrations in Habanero (Capsicum chinense) peppers HortScience 47 574 579