‘Bonita’ sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] was developed by the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station to provide a specialty-type white-fleshed, tan-skinned cultivar similar to ‘O'Henry’ but with southern root-knot nematode and soil rot resistance, superior storage root shape, and a higher dry matter content. ‘Bonita’ produces excellent numbers of uniform plants (sprouts) early in the production season. Days to harvest for ‘Bonita’, ‘Beauregard’ (Rolston et al., 1987), and ‘O'Henry’ are similar in the Gulf South production region; ‘Bonita’ in North Carolina is later by 7 days. The roots are elliptical and consistent in shape in varied soil types. Yields are equal to and mostly superior to ‘O'Henry’ for the U.S. #1 grade (5.1 to 8.9 cm diameter, 7.6 to 22.9 cm long) in Louisiana and other Gulf southern states. ‘O'Henry’ is a white-fleshed, tan-skinned mutation of ‘Beauregard’ that was found and became commercially grown in the late 1990s.
Initially identified and evaluated as L05-29, the cultivar is named after the town of Bonita, LA, located in a major sweetpotato production region. The name is also a reflection of its consistent and attractive root shape.
Jones, A., Dukes, P.D., Schalk, J.M., Hamilton, M.G., Mullen, M.A., Baumgardner, R.A., Paterson, D.R. & Boswell, T.E. 1985 ‘Regal’ sweet potato HortScience 20 781 782
Rolston, L.H., Clark, C.A., Cannon, J.M., Randle, W.M., Riley, E.G., Wilson, P.W. & Robbins, M.L. 1987 ‘Beauregard’ sweet potato HortScience 22 1338 1339