PA-560 is a new Habanero-type pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) released 20 Oct. 2009 by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). PA-560 is a yellow-fruited, Habanero-type advanced breeding line that is homozygous for a dominant gene conditioning a high level of resistance to the southern root-knot nematode [Meloidogyne incognita (Chitwood) Kofoid and White]. The southern root-knot nematode is a major pest of peppers in the United States, and all Habanero-type cultivars currently popular with commercial growers and home gardeners are susceptible (Fery and Thies, 1997). The release of PA-560 will provide pepper breeders interested in developing yellow-fruited cultivars of Habanero-type peppers access to a near-cultivar quality parental line that is homozygous for the southern root-knot nematode resistance gene.
Fery, R.L. & Thies, J.A. 1997 Evaluation of Capsicum chinense Jacq. cultigens for resistance to the southern root-knot nematode HortScience 32 923 926
Fery, R.L. & Thies, J.A. 1998a Genetic analysis of resistance to the southern root-knot nematode in Capsicum chinense Jacq J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123 1008 1011
Fery, R.L. & Thies, J.A. 1998b PA-353, PA-398, and PA-426: Southern root-knot nematode-resistant Capsicum chinense Jacq. germplasm lines HortScience 33 760 761