‘Vergina’ is a late July-maturing pear (Pyrus communis L.) cultivar originating from a cross between the pear cultivars Kristali and Santa Maria. Annual fruit production per tree of ‘Vergina’ grafted on quince BA 29 rootstock over a period of 4 years (from the sixth until the ninth year of the trees) averaged 53 kg. Fruits are pyriform with a mean equatorial diameter of 44 mm, a mean length of 64 mm, and a mean weight of 135 g. The flesh is yellow–white, juicy, flavorful, and aromatic with very few stone cells. The skin is smooth, free of russeting, and has no tendency to become waxy in storage. Fruits mature on the tree in late July, coincide with ‘Kalliopi’, ‘Coscia’, and ‘Tosca’, and 12 d earlier than ‘Santa Maria’ and ≈42 d earlier than ‘Williams’. Two harvests are required under moderately cropped conditions. Total soluble solids, firmness, and total titratable acidity were not different among ‘Vergina’ and ‘Kalliopi’. However, ascorbic acid content, total antioxidant capacity, and total phenols of ‘Vergina’ were lower than ‘Kalliopi’. After harvest, fruits can be kept at room temperature for ≈2 weeks or they can be refrigerated in common cold storage rooms in air at 1 °C for ≈2 months.
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