PA-559 is a new Habanero-type pepper [Capsicum chinense Jacq.] released 18 Sept. 2008 by the Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). PA-559 is a red-fruited, advanced breeding line that is homozygous for a dominant gene conditioning a high level of resistance to the southern root-knot nematode [Meloidogyne incognita (Chitwood) Kofoid and White], the peanut root-knot nematode [M. arenaria (Neal) Chitwood], and the tropical root-knot nematode [M. javanica (Treub) Chitwood]. The release of PA-559 will provide pepper breeders interested in developing both open-pollinated and F1 hybrid cultivars access to a near-cultivar quality parental line that is homozygous for the root-knot nematode resistance gene.
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