‘Don Carlos INTA’ Peach

Authors:
Gabriel H. Valentini Estación Experimental San Pedro, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Ruta Nacional 9, km 170, (2930) San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Luis E. Arroyo Estación Experimental San Pedro, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Ruta Nacional 9, km 170, (2930) San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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‘Don Carlos INTA’ has been released by the San Pedro Experiment Station, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) to provide a medium-chilling, commercially acceptable peach that ripens after ‘June Gold’ and with a local peach selection ‘Ginart’. ‘Don Carlos INTA’ has a fruit developmental period of ≈110 d and a chilling requirement of 539 h. Flowers are showy and leaf glands are reniform. This medium-sized, semifreestone peach, which ripens in early December in the northeastern fruit-growing area of the province of Buenos Aires, is a white-flesh peach considered as an alternative for the beginning of the regional midseason.

Origin

‘Don Carlos INTA’ peach [Prunus persica (Bastch) L.] was originated in the stone fruit breeding program held at the San Pedro Experiment Station located in the northeastern region of the province of Buenos Aires near lat. 34°S and long. 60°W. ‘Don Carlos INTA’ was tested as SP 28-15DB. The original tree was selected from a group of seedlings derived from the self-pollination of F28 P14, which was a hybrid originated from a cross made in 1977. The maternal parent was ‘Jerseyqueen’, a cultivar released in 1964 by the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, and pollen parent ‘Maravilha’, a cultivar released by the University of Florida in 1975 (Okie, 1998). SP 28-15DB was asexually propagated by budding onto peach rootstock and planted in collection in 1993.

The pedigree of this selection is presented in Figure 1.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Pedigree of ‘Don Carlos INTA’.

Citation: HortScience horts 42, 5; 10.21273/HORTSCI.42.5.1295

Description and Performance

‘Don Carlos INTA’ was selected for its adaptation to the temperate, humid peach-growing area of Argentina, which includes the northeastern part of Buenos Aires and southern part of Santa Fe provinces. This production area supplies the domestic market from late October to early February (Carra de Toloza et al., 1999).

The peach selection is adapted to the area mentioned previously where ‘June Gold’ is commercially grown. This medium-chill region generally averages 500 h below 7 °C. The mean temperature of the coldest month is 10.3 °C. During the evaluation of ‘Don Carlos INTA’, the chilling received at the San Pedro Experiment Station averaged 539 h below 7 °C (Table 1) but ranged from 226 to 663 h (Valentini and Arroyo, 1996).

Table 1.

Comparison of fruit harvest date, full bloom date, and estimated chill requirement of Don Carlos INTA with other medium-chill peach cultivars at San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Table 1.

The tree of ‘Don Carlos INTA’ is medium vigorous (Table 2) with a semispreading growth habit. Based on field observations, the selection has a moderate resistance to bacterial leaf spot [Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni (Smith) Dye] and a good performance when facing leaf curl [Taphrina deformans (Burk)]. The moderately large leaves are lanceolate with no acute bases, smooth apices, and reniform glands.

Table 2.

Comparison of tree vigor and yield of Don Carlos INTA with other medium-chill peach cultivars at San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Table 2.

Full bloom dates averaged 25 Aug. Flowers are showy and self-fertile. The five petals are light pink. Anthers are yellow–orange, changing to a dark orange as they age. Anthers are on filaments that are slightly longer than the style. Initially, filaments are white, turning dark pink with age. Fruit set is quite heavy in years with adequate chilling and lack of late frosts. The fruit development period for this selection averaged 100 ± 5 d over an 8-year period. Ripening is ≈8 to 10 d after ‘June Gold’ and 2 to 4 d before ‘Ginart’ (Budde et al., 2003), two cultivars commonly used in the area (Table 1).

When properly thinned to 15 cm apart, fruit weight averages 155 g (Table 3); the melting flesh is white–greenish with some red around the pit cavity, juicy, and sweet-acid with excellent flavor (total soluble solids ≈12° Brix); flesh firmness is good, so the fruit is suitable for the domestic market. Fruit shape is round with a slight prominent suture and slight point (Table 3). The skin has a light pubescence with ≈70% dark red blush over a white ground color (Fig. 2). Fruits are semifreestone and do not show a tendency to develop split or shattered pits during the final stage of fruit swelling.

Table 3.

Comparison of fruiting characteristics of Don Carlos INTA compared with other medium-chill peach cultivars at San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Table 3.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fruits of ‘Don Carlos INTA’ tested as SP 28-15 DB.

Citation: HortScience horts 42, 5; 10.21273/HORTSCI.42.5.1295

Adult trees of ‘Don Carlos INTA’ trained in open vase and managed with a standard regional spraying schedule (Ros, 2000) yielded 40 kg/tree of commercial fruit (Table 2), comparable to ‘Ginart’ (Budde et al., 2003).

Availability

A small quantity of bud wood for research purposes can be requested through the Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria.

Literature Cited

  • Budde, C.O. , Lucangeli, C. , Polenta, G. , Murray, R. , Arroyo, L. & Valentini, G. 2003 ‘Ginart’, un cultivar de durazno de interés para la zona templado húmeda de la República Argentina Revista de Información Técnica Económica Agraria 99 249 261

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  • Carra de Toloza, M.S. , Bengoa, R.E. , Reta, A.J. , Bellini, E. & Giordani, E. 1999 La Coltivazione del Pesco in Argentina L'Ìnformatore Agrario–verona, LV (31) 53 58

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  • Okie, W.R. 1998 Handbook of peach and nectarine varieties. Performance in the southeastern United Status and index of names Agriculture Handbook no. 714 U.S. Department of Agriculture–Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory Byron, GA

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  • Ros, P. 2000 Protección sanitaria. En: Guía práctica para el cultivo del duraznero Boletín de Divulgación Técnica No. 12 EEA INTA San Pedro 29 41

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  • Valentini, G. & Arroyo, L.E. 1996 El cultivo del Duraznero. Actas de las Primeras Jornadas Regionales sobre el Cultivo del Duraznero Cooperativa Agrícola de Romang. 9 de noviembre, Romang, Prov de Santa Fe, Argentina

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  • Budde, C.O. , Lucangeli, C. , Polenta, G. , Murray, R. , Arroyo, L. & Valentini, G. 2003 ‘Ginart’, un cultivar de durazno de interés para la zona templado húmeda de la República Argentina Revista de Información Técnica Económica Agraria 99 249 261

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Carra de Toloza, M.S. , Bengoa, R.E. , Reta, A.J. , Bellini, E. & Giordani, E. 1999 La Coltivazione del Pesco in Argentina L'Ìnformatore Agrario–verona, LV (31) 53 58

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Okie, W.R. 1998 Handbook of peach and nectarine varieties. Performance in the southeastern United Status and index of names Agriculture Handbook no. 714 U.S. Department of Agriculture–Southeastern Fruit and Tree Nut Research Laboratory Byron, GA

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ros, P. 2000 Protección sanitaria. En: Guía práctica para el cultivo del duraznero Boletín de Divulgación Técnica No. 12 EEA INTA San Pedro 29 41

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    • Export Citation
  • Valentini, G. & Arroyo, L.E. 1996 El cultivo del Duraznero. Actas de las Primeras Jornadas Regionales sobre el Cultivo del Duraznero Cooperativa Agrícola de Romang. 9 de noviembre, Romang, Prov de Santa Fe, Argentina

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
Gabriel H. Valentini Estación Experimental San Pedro, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Ruta Nacional 9, km 170, (2930) San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Luis E. Arroyo Estación Experimental San Pedro, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Ruta Nacional 9, km 170, (2930) San Pedro, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Contributor Notes

To whom reprint requests should be addressed; e-mail gvalentini@correo.inta.gov.ar

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