Sweet kerassia (Prunus cerasia Blanche) is a common plant in the eastern Mediterranean region, particularly in Israel, Syria, and Lebanon (Holland et al., 2006a,b). Kerrasia is a landrace traditionally grown as a small bushy plant that produces thorny flexible branches with a tendency for alternative bearing. Grafting on an appropriate rootstock, such as ‘Marianna 2624’, generates a small tree that produces regular good yields. The fruit has an external appearance resembling that of a cherry fruit with respect to size and shape and that of a grape berry with respect to color and size. These features together with its good taste make it an attractive fruit for usage as fresh cut in salads or for consumption as a whole fruit. A new selection designated as ‘Shezifon’ was selected at Newe-Ya'ar Research Center. ‘Shezifon’ produces a high yield of tasty, dark blue fruits and has potential as a commercial cultivar adapted for growth in hot, dry climates.
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Goor, A., Garmi, S. & Spiegel, P. 1966 Chapters A to H 5 83 Atsmon J. The plum (in Hebrew) Government of Israel, Ministry of Agriculture, Publication Division Tel-Aviv, Israel
Holland, D., Bar-Yaakov, I., Trainin, T. & Hatib, K. 2006a Local old deciduous fruit trees of the Rosaceae family in Israel and their utilization in modern agriculture and breeding Isr. J. Plant Sci. (in press)
Holland, D., Bar-Yaakov, I. & Hatib, K. 2006b Prunus genetic resources in Israel Report of a Working Group on Prunus. Proc. VII Mtg Larnaca, Cyprus, 1–3 Dec. 2005: 58 60
Rudenko, I.S. 1974 Kerassia (Prunus cerasia Bl.)—a little known hexaploid plum from Palestine (in Russian) Sb. Nauch. Rab. Vses. Nauchno. Issled. Inst. Sadovod. 19 166 177
U.S. Department of Agriculture 2006 Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) National Germplasm Resources Laboratory Beltsville, Md 1 Jan. 2006<http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl>