Sustainable Aquaculture: Global Perspectives

in HortScience

Sustainable Aquaculture: Global Perspectives. B.B. Jana and Carl D. Webster (eds.). 2003. Food Products Press, 10 Alice St., Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. 365 p., incl. index., $42.00, softcover. ISBN 1-56022-104-6.

As the oceans fish supplies are depleted and the world's population continues to grow, more interest is given to the ideas and potential practices of sustainable aquaculture.

This book was co-published simultaneously as Journal of Applied Aquaculture 2003, Vol. 13: 1,2 and 3,4. Thus, it is a collection of (mostly) review papers on specific topics relating to aquaculture. Included are discussions of water quality (in shrimp ponds), pond fertilization, nutrition of fish marine fish larvae and freshwater prawns, ecological and behavioral aspects of larval fish feeding, fish breeding programs, hormonal induction of sex-reversal, diseases of fish in the tropics, carp production, freshwater water pearl culture, waste water-fed aquaculture, and two articles that discuss aquaculture in India. Although the conditions leading to the world's need for sustainable aquaculture practices are addressed in the preface of this volume, the goals or even the definitions of sustainable aquaculture are not discussed.

From the title, I looked forward to a grand tour of the world of sustainable aquaculture. In that respect, I was disappointed. What I found was a collection of well-written papers, but an uneven treatment to the topic of sustainable aquaculture. Two papers discuss aspects of the status of aquaculture in India. India is the second largest aquaculture producer in the world, but in a volume touting “global perspectives,” we would hope for a broader outlook. Other articles, also well written and potentially valuable, do not particularly address sustainable aquaculture.

The papers themselves appear to be very complete reviews of the international literature of their specific topics. Some papers take a narrow approach to their topic whereas other papers have broad application, such as the discussions on pond fertilization and the biological principles of larval fish feeding. Because the publication date is given as 2003, few papers beyond the year 2000 are included.

This book is recommended not for the reader in search of a general knowledge of sustainable aquaculture, but for one who seeks a review of the one or more of the topics addressed. Finally, this volume serves as a reminder of the international importance of aquaculture.

Craig Hollingsworth University of Massachusetts Amherst

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