Intergenomic F1 hybrids between L. auratum and L. henryi were made and backcrossed to Oriental hybrids to produce BC1 progenies. The F1 intergenomic hybrids produced a relevant frequency of 2n-gamete and fertile pollen. Analyses of pollen size, viability, and germination ability were checked under microscopic observation. GISH analysis confirmed that F1 intergenomic hybrids possess a set of chromosomes from both parents and showed an intermediate morphological phenotype. Twenty BC1 plants were generated by in vitro embryo rescue technique, and analyzed for genome composition by GISH. All plants were triploid, showing 12 from female parent (2× Oriental) and 24 from male (2× F1 hybrid). Based on the GISH analyses, 19 BC1 plants were derived from FDR 2n-gamete and only one plant was derived from IMR 2n-gamete of F1 hybrid. The genome composition of 19 BC1 plants from FDR 2n-gamete possess 12 Orientals + 12 L. auratum + 12 L. henryi chromosomes with some extent of homoeologous recombination between L. auratum and L. henryi. However, one plant from IMR 2n-gamete origin contains an odd number of parental chromosomes from F1 hybrid, showing 12 Oriental + 14 L. auratum + 10 L. henryi chromosomes. In this case, two L. auratum chromosomes recombinant with L. henryi chromosome segments were added and L. henryi counterpart chromosomes were deleted, respectively.
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