Post harvest Handling of Cut Dahlia, Lupinus, Papaver, and Rudbeckia

in HortScience
Authors:
John M. DoleNorth Carolina State University, Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7609

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Frankie L. FanelliNorth Carolina State University, Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7609

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William C. FontenoNorth Carolina State University, Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7609

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Beth HardenNorth Carolina State University, Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7609

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Sylvia M. BlankenshipNorth Carolina State University, Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7609

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Optimum postharvest handling procedures were determined for Dahlia `Karma Thalia', Lupinusmutabilis ssp. cruickshankii`Sunrise', Papaver nudicaule `Temptress', and Rudbeckia`Indian Summer.' Dahlia harvested fully open had a vase life of 7–10 days in deionized (DI) water that was increased by 1.5–2 days using commercial holding solutions (Chrysal Professional 2 Processing Solution or Floralife Professional). Neither floral foam nor 0.1–1.0 ppm ethylene had any effect on vase life. One week of cold storage at 1 °C reduced vase life up to 2 days. The longest vase life, 12–13 days, was obtained when floral buds, showing a minimum of 50% color, were harvested at the breaking stage (one petal open) and placed in 2% or 4% sucrose or a commercial holding solution. Lupinus flowers held in DI water lasted 8–12 days; 1 week cold storage at 1 °C reduced vase life by 3 days. Florets and buds abscised or failed to open when exposed to ethylene; STS pretreatment prevented the effects of ethylene. Commercial holding solutions increased Papaver vase life to 7–8 days from 5.5 days for stems held in DI water. While stems could be cold stored for 1 week at 1 °C with no decrease in vase life, 2 weeks of cold storage reduced vase life. Flowers were not affected by foam or ethylene. Rudbeckia had a vase life of 27–37 days and no treatments extended vase life. Stems could be stored at 2 °C for up to 2 weeks and were not ethylene sensitive. Floral foam reduced the vase life over 50%, but still resulted in a 13-day vase life.

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