Embryo-rescue Culture in `Galia' Male Parental Line Melon [Cucumis melo (L.) var. reticulatus Ser.]

in HortScience
Authors:
Hector G. Nunez-PaleniusUniversity of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department, 1251 Fifield Hall, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0690

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Daniel J. CantliffeUniversity of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department, 1251 Fifield Hall, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0690

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Harry J. KleeUniversity of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department, 1251 Fifield Hall, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0690

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Don J. HuberUniversity of Florida, Horticultural Sciences Department, 1251 Fifield Hall, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0690

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Embryo abortion and empty seeds after self-pollination occur in some transgenic (ACO antisense) `Galia' male parental lines. An embryo-rescue system in this melon was developed to save potential viable embryos. To obtain the best and reliable embryo-rescue technique, several parameters were used including an improved (five new supplements) nutrient medium (named E-21) from the E-20A basic medium (Sauton and Dumax de Vaulx, 1987), an inoculation system (removing the embryo from the seed or intact seed), and the use of different fruit harvesting dates of the wild type and a transgenic `Galia' male parental line. Fruits of wild type (WT) and transgenic (ACO gene in antisense orientation) `Galia' male parental line were harvested at 4, 10, 17, 24, and 30 days after pollination (DAP). Fruits were surface sterilized by dipping in a 20% commercial bleach solution for 30 minutes. Subsequently, seeds were removed from fruit under sterile conditions. These seeds were either used to dissect the embryos or placed directly with the hilum facing E-20A or E-21 medium. Seedlings from all treatments were transferred to E-21 elongation medium, incubated 4 weeks, and transferred to soil to evaluate growth. The efficiency of this technique was greater when the time after pollination (4, 10, 17, 24, and 30 DAP) to rescue the embryos was increased. Thus, 30 DAP was the best time to rescue the embryos. The number of rescued embryos using E-21 medium was greater than with E-20A. We did not find any significant differences in survival efficiency rate between WT and transgenic embryos. We have obtained a competent embryo-rescue technique for WT and transgenic `Galia' male parental line, which can be applied to rescue valuable GMO hybrid-melon embryos.

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