(259) A Genetic Linkage Map and a cDNA Library for Watermelon

in HortScience
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  • 1 1USDA, ARS, U.S. Vegetable Laboratory, Charleston, SC, 29414
  • | 2 2USDA, ARS, South Central Agricultural Research Laboratory, Lane, OK, 74555
  • | 3 3West Virginia State University, Department of Biology, Institute, WV, 25112
  • | 4 4China National Engineering Research (NERCV), Center for Vegetables, Beijing, 100089, China
  • | 5 5Syngenta Seeds, Inc., 21435 Road 98, Woodland, CA 95695
  • | 6 6University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Biotechnology Center-W.M. Keck Center for Comparative and Functional Genomics, Urbana, IL 61801
  • | 7 7North Carolina State University, Department of Horticultural Science, Raleigh, NC 27695
  • | 8 8Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc., Woodland, CA 95695
  • | 9 9Texas A&M University, Department of Horticultural Sciences, College Station, TX 77843

A genetic linkage map was constructed for watermelon based on a testcross population and an F2 population. The testcross map includes 312 markers (RAPD, ISSR, AFLP, SSR, and ASRP). This map covered a genetic distance of 1385 cM, and identified 11 large (50.7-155.2 cm), five intermediate (37.5-46.2 cm), and 16 small linkage groups (4.2-31.4 cm). Most AFLP markers are clustered in two linkage regions, while all other markers are randomly dispersed throughout the genome. Many of the markers in this study were skewed from the classical (Mendelian) segregation ratio of 1:1 in the testcross or 3:1 in the F2 population. The order of the markers within linkage groups was similar in the testcross and F2 populations. Additionally, a cDNA library was constructed using RNA isolated from watermelon flesh 1 week (rapid cell division stage), 2 weeks (cell growth and storage deposition stage), 4 weeks (maturation stage), and 5 weeks (mature fruit) after pollination. More than 1020 cDNA clones were sequenced, and analyzed using the basic local alignment search Tool (BLAST). The sequenced cDNA clones were designated as expressed sequenced tag (EST). The ESTs were searched for simple sequence repeats. About 7% of the ESTs contained SSR motifs. The ESTs containing SSRs are being used to design PCR primers and the putative markers are being tested for polymorphism among the parental lines of the mapping populations. Polymorphic markers will then be mapped using the mapping populations.

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