(449) Influence of Irrigation Frequency on Establishment and Growth of Ilex cornuta `Burfordii Nana' and Viburnum odoratissimum in Landscapes

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  • 1 1University of Florida, Environmental Horticulture, Apopka, FL, 32703
  • | 2 2University of Florida, Environmental Horticulture, Gainesville, FL, 32611
  • | 3 3University of Florida, Environmental Horticulture, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, 33314
  • | 4 4University of Florida, Environmental Horticulture, Plant City, FL, 33566

Landscape water consumption has become a prime target for water conservation and regulation. Imposing water restrictions during landscape establishment is detrimental to plants that have not developed sufficient root systems to compensate for transpirational water losses. Generally, municipalities regulate irrigation frequency but not application rate. Application frequency affects establishment rates of shade trees, but the effects on shrub establishment are not well documented. This study evaluated three irrigation frequencies during establishment of Ilex cornuta `Burfordii Nana' and Viburnum odoratissimumin a landscape. To simulate maximum stress, both species were transplanted into field plots in an open-sided, clear polyethylene covered shelter. Each species was irrigated either every 2, 4, or 7 days, and received 9 L of water per plant per event. Predawn, midday, and dusk water potentials were recorded at 28-day intervals and cumulative stress intervals calculated. Water potentials were taken the day prior to irrigation (maximum stress day) and the day of irrigation (minimum stress). Growth indices were also recorded. As days after transplant (DAT) increased, significant declines in cumulative water stress of Ilexwere found among treatments on the day of maximum stress. The 7-day treatment declined at a faster rate than the other treatments tested. No differences were found for Viburnum. No significant differences were found on the day of irrigation as DAT increased. Differences in canopy size were not significant among treatments for either species.

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