(169) Root Formation on Stem Cuttings of Yellow-flowered Cultivars of Magnolia Is Influenced by Time-after-budbreak and IBA

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  • 1 University of Florida, Environmental Horticulture, Quincy, FL, 32351

We propagatedsixyellow-flowered cultivars of Magnolia vegetatively by applying 0, 8, 16, or 30 g·kg-1 indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) in talc to bases of terminal stem cuttings collected 5, 7, 9, or 11 weeks after budbreak. Mean rooting percentage increased from 12% (in the absence of IBA) to 34% (after applying 30 g·kg-1 IBA). Rooting percentage also increased with increasing basal caliper (r2 = 0.25; P< 0.0001) of a cutting. For each collection date, more cuttings of `Ivory Chalice' and `Yellow Lantern' developed roots than did other cultivars. When data were analyzed separately for selected cultivars, 63% rooting was observed among cuttings of `Ivory Chalice' collected 7 weeks after budbreak. Rooting percentage was higher (22%) among cuttings of `Hot Flash' collected 5 or 7 weeks after budbreak in comparison to later collection dates, but harvest date did not influence rooting, which ranged from 44% to 59%, among cuttings of `Yellow Lantern'. Collection of stem cuttings early in the growing season (5 weeks after budbreak) was beneficial (31% rooting) for inducing root formation among cuttings of `Golden Sun'. We conclude that `Ivory Chalice' and `Yellow Lantern' are promising choices for growers interested in clonal propagation of yellow-flowered cultivars of Magnolia. To maximize rooting, terminal cuttings should be collected within 5 to 11 weeks after budbreak and should be treated with 16 or 30 g·kg-1 IBA in talc. Early collection dates improved rooting frequencies among cuttings of other cultivars but these, particularly `Butterflies', remain variably recalcitrant and merit further study.

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