The genus Betula consists of approximately 50 deciduous species throughout northern hemisphere. Net CO2 assimilation ([A]) of four birch taxa (Betula alleghaniensis Britton, B. davurica Pall., B. nigra L. `Heritage', and B. papyrifera Marsh.) was measured with a portable gas exchange system, CIRAS-I. Light was increased from 0 to 2000 μmol· m-2·s-1 at increments of 25, 50, 100, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1250, 1500, 1750, 2000 μmol·m–2·s–1 to create an [A] light-response curve. CO2 concentration was gradually increased to 1100 ppm in increments 50, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000, 1100 ppm to create an [A]-Ca (ambient CO2) curve. B. davurica had significantly higher potential A capacity than the other taxa under high CO2 conditions. Betula nigra `Heritage' had the highest carboxylation efficiency among four taxa. B. davurica and B. nigra `Heritage', had higher [A] when ambient CO2 is 0ppm. Betula davurica and B. nigra `Heritage', had higher light-saturated rate of gross [A] than B. alleghaniensis and B. papyrifera.