There is little information published on the effect of residues from postemergence (POST) applications of foramsulfuron and preemergence (PRE) applications of isoxaflutole, and isoxaflutole plus atrazine in the year after application on vegetable crops. Three trials were established from 2000 to 2002 in Ontario to determine the effects of residues of foramsulfuron, isoxaflutole, and isoxaflutole plus atrazine on cabbage, processing pea, potato, sugar beet, and tomato 1 year after application. Aside from a reduction in sugar beet plant stand, there were no visual injury symptoms in any crop at 7, 14, and 28 days after emergence (DAE) in any of the herbicide carryover treatments. Isoxaflutole residues reduced shoot dry weight and yield as much as 27% and 28% in cabbage, and 57% and 60% in sugar beets, respectively. The addition of atrazine to isoxaflutole caused further reductions in shoot dry weight and yield of cabbage and sugar beet. Isoxaflutole plus atrazine residues reduced shoot dry weight and yield as much as 42% and 43% in cabbage, and 58% and 82% in sugar beets, respectively. There were no adverse effects on shoot dry weight and yield of processing pea, potato, and tomato from isoxaflutole or isoxaflutole plus atrazine residues in the year following application. Foramsulfuron residues at either rate did not reduce shoot dry weight or yield of any crops 1 year after application. Based on these results, it is recommended that cabbage and sugar beet not be grown in the year following the PRE application of isoxaflutole or isoxaflutole plus atrazine.
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