The recent release of `True-Putt' (previously `DW-184') creeping bluegrass [Poa annua L. f. reptans (Hauskins) T. Koyama] gives turfgrass managers a new option for seeding into annual bluegrass (Poa annua L.) greens. Because little is known about the culture and management of this newly available seeded cultivar, effective methods for seedling establishment into existing turfgrass canopies, both living and dead, were studied. Four surface cultivation treatments were compared for seedbed preparation before seeding into an existing turfgrass canopy. When seeding into dead turf, two passes with vertical mowing units were more effective than hollow-tine cultivation (HTC), solid-tine cultivation (STC), one pass with the vertical mower plus STC, and the uncultivated control during the first year. Differences were not significant during the second year, most likely because of shallower depth of the vertical mower. Plots averaged about 75% cover by 4 weeks after planting during both years, illustrating the rapid establishment potential for `True-Putt'. After seeding into a live turf canopy, seedlings were indistinguishable from the existing turf, making it impossible to evaluate establishment success.