Improved Rooting and Acclimatization of Micropropagated Hazelnut Shoots

in HortScience
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  • 1 Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, 46060 Kahramanmaras, Turkey
  • | 2 Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Institute of Agronomy and Natural Resources, 377 Plant Sciences, Lincoln, NE 68583-0724

Microshoots of four hazelnut genotypes grown in vitro on Nas and Read medium (NRM) containing various combinations of CuSO4 • 5H2O and myo-inositol were successfully rooted and acclimatized ex vitro without any need of in vitro hardening treatments. Dipping of shoot bases in 1000 ppm indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) solution for 5 or 10 seconds followed by placement of shoots in plant growth regulator free NRM gave rise to formation of roots as early as 8 days. Shoots treated for 5 and 10 seconds rooted similarly, and depending on genotype, 88% to 98% rooting was observed within 15 days after treatment with IBA. Ex vitro survival of shoots three months after in vitro-root induction was 73% when shoots were treated with IBA for 5 seconds and 66% when shoots were treated for 10 seconds. The highest ex vitro survival rate (97%) 3 months after root induction was observed when shoots were treated with IBA solution for 10 seconds, and then cultured directly in peat pellets. Shoots developed good roots, and grew up to 70 cm in height 3 months after root induction. The potential use of rooting and acclimatization protocol for commercial micropropagation of hazelnut is presented.

Contributor Notes

Corresponding author; e-mail mnurinas@ksu.edu.tr.
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